Webster Signature Database Search Results

Important note: Most of these instruments are not in the Adler collection (which you can find more information about here). We know nothing about them beyond the information returned by searching this database. You may be able to learn more by contacting the institutions in the "Instruments" column, or by consulting the "References" listed.

Your search for signatures starting with P yielded 746 entries. Displaying entries 1–746.
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Signature Maker Info Instruments Comments Location References
P. England, 18th Century, MIM Sundial Mould, sandstone = Nat'l Museum of Wales. Wales. Peate.
P.A. 1 Germany, MIM Table Sundial = LIN. Zinner 1.
P.A. 2 18th Century, MIM Ring Sundial = Drouot 4/7/87. RSW.
P.A.F. Germany?, 16th Century, MIM Astronomical Compendium, star-shaped = D.(1983) = TIM. the latitude scale goes as high as 60°; Wynter suggested this might be Petrus ab aggere. Wynter 1; RSW.
P.B. 1 c.1580, MIM Horizontal Sundial, string-gnomon = ADL-M247. the case is shaped like a watch. Zinner 1; Michel 3; Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
P.B. 2 c.1650, NIM Shipwright's Rule = NMM-Gabb Coll. Taylor 1(234a); Dewhirst; NMM 2.
P.B. 3 pre-1702, MIM Sundial, hour scale only = "Speaker." found on the pirate ship, "Speaker", which was wrecked off Mauritius, in 1702. Lizé.
P.B. 4 Germany, c.1790, MIM Diptych Sundials, wood and paper = UTR, ADL-W194, WHI, Koller May 1972, Christie-G 11/20/79. the initials are found in the compass boxes. de Wijk; Bryden 16; ADL; RSW.
P.B. 5 Germany, c.1820, marked on globe by Carl Bauer, which see. RSW.
P.B.S.P. Austria?, 1663, MIM Vertical Sundial, small, 1663 = SAL. Zinner 1.
P.C.P.Z.N. Italy, 1608, MIM Cube Sundial in box-form = ADL-M319. all "N"s are backward. Florence. Engelmann 1; Michel 3; ADL; RSW.
P.D. 1 Germany, c.1780, PHIM Money Balance = DRE. Paulus Dienert or (Dierert). Nürnberg. RSW.
P.D. 2 England, OIM Eyepiece for a 4" Refracting Telescope = D.(1971). Peter Dollond (?). Moskowitz 102.
P.D.B. France, c.1800, poids des boulets; marked on sectors. Christie 4/3/85.
P.D.M.F. Italy?, 17th Century, MIM Squadra Mobile = WHI-311. O. Brown 1.
P.E. marked on an ivory diptych sundial signed "Gois" (1). RSW.
P.E.M. Germany, 1767, MIM Azimuth Sundial, stone, 1767 = Heimatmuseum, Landback a. Lech. also marked "1740." Zinner 1.
P.F. ET CIE. France, c.1880, MIM Heliochronometers = OXF, Cooke's Shop in the CMY. "breveté, S.G.D.G." Paris. G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
P.G. 1 c.1710, MIM Ring Sundial = Koller 11/17/75. punchmark is initials in a shield. RSW.
P.G. 2 might be Paulo Galluci; see Ferina. RSW.
P.G.P.Z.N. see P.C.P.Z.N. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
P.H. France, 18th Century, MIM Sector = Christie-NY 11/3/85. maker's mark, stamped. RSW.
P.I.B. Germany, 1629, MIM Pillar Sundial, 1629 = University Art Museum, Uppsala. Philipp Jakob Berner. Augsburg. Bobinger 2.
P.K. "P.K." marked on an ivory diptych sundial signed "H.M." (3), 1616. Zinner 1.
P.M.L.P.N. Germany, c.1750, marked on string-gnomon sundial signed "Neusshart" at ULM. RSW.
P.R. 1769, PHIM Weights, 1769 = Drouot Richelieu 4/28/88. crown over initials. RSW.
P.S.M. England, c.1845, MIM Terrestrial Globe, miniature, box = D.(1990). place names in English. RSW.
PAAUW, JAN, JR. Holland, c.1723-1803, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Surveying Instrument = UTR; Mathematical Instrument = LEY; Air Pump = van Cleef en Scheurleer, 1799; Microscope = LEY; etc.. made instruments for P. van Musschenbroek; received the degree of D. Phil. at Franeker in 1762; many of his microscopes, mathematical and geodetical instruments survive. Leiden. Rooseboom 1; Mörzer Bruyns 2; Crommelin 1; Daumas 1; USNM.
PACKER, CHARLES England, MIM Garden Sundial = D.(1976). the "Lambourn Church Dial." Lambourn. RSW.
PACKEWOOD, CHRISTOPHER England, c.1630, MIM apprenticed to John Blighton 1 of the Grocers' Company on Dec. 25, 1630; made a shipwright's rule. by Alhallowes-Barking Church, London. J. Brown 1; Bryden 9.
PACQUELLET, ROCH France, 1567, MIM Astronomical Compendium, 1567 = HAR. Laon. Janin 1.
PAGANI, ANTHONY England, fl.1812-25, PHIM Wheel and Stick Barometers = X (5). optician; the barometers are signed "A. Pagani Nottingham." Gainsborough; Goose Gate, Nottingham. Goodison 1.
PAGANI, J.M. Holland, c.1790, PHIM Barometer = Soth.-A March, 1975. Groningen. Daumas 1; Mörzer Bruyns 2.
PAGANUZZI, ANTO. Italy, 1755, MIM Compass for plane table, 1755 = P.C. (1987) = D.(1993). Coffeen 43; RSW.
PAGE'S France, PHIM Folding Bar Magnet = OXF. Rue de Chantre, Paris. RSW.
PAGE, CHARLES GRAFTON USA, c.1840, M.D.; devised electro-magnetic apparatus, made by Daniel Davis, Jr. Boston, Mass. D.J. Warner 6.
PAGE, EDWARD England, 1673, MIM London. Evans 1.
PAGE, THOMAS 1 England, c.1656, apprenticed to Henry Sutton in the Joiners' Company on June 20, 1649; free in the Company, July 7, 1656. Crawfirth 7.
PAGE, THOMAS 2 England, fl.1750-84, PHIM Angle Barometer = WHI. Norwich. Taylor 2(1952); Dewhirst; Goodison 1.
PAGE, WILLIAM England, c.1708, apprenticed to Grace Wells in the Joiners' Company on June 15, 1708. Crawforth 7.
PAGLAR, SAMUEL England, c.1808, apprenticed to John Corless in the Joiners' Company, Nov.1, 1808. Crawforth 7.
PAIGE England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Southboro, Tunbridge Wells. Goodison 1.
PAINE, CHRISTOPHER England, c.1590, MIM SIM instrument maker; plane tables. Hosier Lane, Smithfield, London. Taylor 1(85); Evans 1.
PAINE, JOHN England, c.1689, apprenticed to William Howe of the Grocers' Company on Aug. 5, 1689. J. Brown 1.
PALLANT, JOHN England, fl.1826-1850+, MIM OIM PHIM Meridian Telescope = D.(1987); Aneroid Barometer = Phillips 10/26/83. apprenticed to John Huggins 2 of the Grocers' Company, Dec. 7, 1826; partner with W. Muxton as "Muxton and Pallant" before 1843; on his own after that date; the telescope is signed "J. Pallant, 44 Museum Street, London"; the barometer is signed "Pallant 51 Strand, London." 44 Museum Street (before 1843); 14 Mercer Street, Long Acre (1843); 51 Strand; all in London. Moskowitz 130; J. Brown 2; RSW.
PALLANT, T. misreading for J. Pallant. USNM.
PALMER England, fl.1841-46, PHIM Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 4/17/86. also a thermometer maker; could be Edward Palmer 2. 103 Newgate Street, London. Goodison 1.
PALMER AND HALL USA, fl.1849-57, PHIM successors to Daniel David, Jr.; the firm became "Thomas Hall" in 1857; made electrical apparatus. Boston, Mass. Romaine; USNM.
PALMER AND NEWTON England, fl.1783-97, MIM Terrestrial Globe, miniature, with case, 1783 = NMM. Palmer and John Newton; T.C.; "Successors to the late Mr. Bateman"; the globe was edited from Nathaniel Hill's globe of 1754. No. 128 at the Globe and Sun in Chancery Lane, Fleet Street, London. Taylor 2(879); Crawforth 1; Evans 1; Krogt 2; NMM 2.
PALMER, AARON USA, fl.1843-47, MIM Palmer's Card Calculator = Soth. 10/3/88. registered a form of circular side rule in 1843 which was made by John E. Fuller; was bought out by John E. Fuller who added his rule to the reverse side, as an improvement, in 1847. Boston, Mass. G.L'E. Turner 24; Coffeen 15; Delehar 9; RSW.
PALMER, ASHUR C. USA, c.1840, MIM partner with Edward Samuel Ritchie, as Palmer and Ritchie, 1839-42. Boston, Mass. Smart 1.
PALMER, EDWARD 1 England, c.1765, apprenticed to Charles Fairbone 1 of the Grocers' Company on Aug. 6, 1765. J. Brown 1.
PALMER, EDWARD 2 England, fl.1841-46, PHIM Vacuum Pump = Soth.-S 5/19/88. barometer and thermometer maker; made working models of locomotives, 1842; T.C.; succeeded by Horne, Thornthwaite and Wood at this address. 103 Newgate Street, London. Taylor 2(2196a); Dewhirst; G.L'E. Turner 24; Crawforth 1; RSW.
PALMER, JOHN England, fl.1631-75, member of the Spectacle Makers' Company; desgned and wrote about an improvement for Blagrave's "Mathematical Jewell"; designed a planetary instrument which was made by Walter Hayes. London. Taylor 1(168); North 2; Evans 1; Crawforth 6.
PALMER, ROBERT Scotland, fl.1829-36, MIM Sundial, 1829 = Riccarton Castle, Midlothian; Sundial, 1836 = Churchyard, Currie. Gatty.
PALMER, ROGER England, fl.1668-79, MIM Terrestrial Globe = WHI. the Earl of Castlemain; invented a new "English Globe" which was published by Moxon. Bryden 11; Gunther 3; Taylor 1(402) & (406).
PALMER, STEELE, YOUNGHUSBAND England, 1813, NIM T.C. "Nautical Instrument Makers"; John Steele. opposite Duke's Dock, Wapping, Liverpool. RSW.
PALMIERI, LUIGI Italy, 1807-96, designed meteorological instruments. Naples. G.L'E. Turner 24.
PALRONI, B. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Exeter. Goodison 1.
PALURIE, D.F. Spain, c.1850, MIM Celestial Globe = D.(1972). Barcelona. Moskowitz 103.
PANNETRAT France, pre-1871, MIM Héliade = CNAM-8278. RSW.
PANORMI 1634, Horizontal Sundial, 1634 = BM. probably Panormos on Tenos. Price 3; Ward 4.
PAOLETTI England, PHIM Marine Barometer = Mitchells, Cockermouth, 12/12/96. Goole, Yorkshire. ATG 12/7/96.
PAPIN England, fl.1672-92, PHIM made barometers, hydrostatic balances and hydraulic instruments; worked for Robert Boyle, 1687-91; nephew of Denis Papin. at Mr. Carpenter's, near Bell Inn, Friday Street; at Mrs. Blakies, the Court over against the Crown and Thistle, Blackfriars; both in London. Taylor 1(410); Goodison 1; Evans 1.
PAPIN, DENIS France; England; Germany, 1647-1712, PHIM made air pumps; worked for Robert Boyle at Oxford; author; developed an air pump while working with Huygens, 1671-75, as a technical assistant; F.R.S. Paris (1647-75); London (1675-87); Marburg (1687-1712). Daumas 1; Taylor 1(410); A.J. Turner 10.
PAPON, ESTIENNE France, MIM Sundial in the cover of a watch = Bloch-Pimentel Coll. = P.C. Gien. RSW.
PAPPEN alternative spelling for Papin. Evans 1.
PARACHINI, F. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
PARACHINI, G. England, c.1790, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-S 11/13/86. "Warranted." RSW.
PARDIE England, pre-1764, MIM designed and made a universal sundial. James Ferguson.
PARIS France, c.1763, MIM OIM son of Claude Paris and succeeded him in the business. L'Estrapade, Paris. Daumas 1.
PARIS, CLAUDE France, 1703-63, MIM OIM Telescopes, Gregorian = CNAM (1755), Drouot Richelieu 4/28/88; Telescopes = NAC, P.C.; Microscope, Cuff-type = NAC; Telescopes were offered by dealers in 1967, 1970 and 1976. associated with Jean-Baptiste-Charles Gonichon, 1733; made "marchand miroitier privilégié suivant la Cour" in 1740; the privilege passed to his sister, Marie-Michelle Gonichon, upon his death in 1763; it is hard to tell whether it is Claude Paris or his son who made the telescopes offered by dealers. Paris. Daumas 1; Brieux 2 & 3; Nachet; Wynter and Turner; USNM; Augarde; RSW.
PARISH, ROBERT England, c.1738, MIM apprenticed to John Foster of the Clockmakers' Company on May 1, 1738. J. Brown 3.
PARK, ROBERT Scotland, c.1800, NIM OIM PHIM Barometers = D.(1971), D.(1972); Telescope = FRK = RSM. T.C. in a Spencer, Browning and Co. sextant case. Greenock. Soth.-N.Y. 2/23/79; Morrison-Low 1; RSW.
PARK, ROSWELL USA, 1807-69, revised at least two of Josiah Loring's terrestrial globes in 1846. Boston, Mass. Yonge.
PARKER 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. may be the same as Parker 4. Theobalds Street (London?). Goodison 1.
PARKER 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Wisbech. Goodison 1.
PARKER 3 England, c.1900, Water Clock, 1649 = K. & C. 12/3/75. fake, surely the work of Pearson and Page of Birmingham. Southampton. RSW.
PARKER 4 England, c.1810, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 5/14/87. may be the same as Parker 1. Princes Street, Soho, London. RSW.
PARKER, BENJAMIN England, c.1753, MIM Slide Rules, Saxspeach-type = OXF (1753), KEN (1753), Christie-Australia 6/5/62. Isaac Newton's Head, next the Great Turnstile, Holborn; Fulwood's Rents, Holborn; Ratcliffe; all in London. Taylor 2(202) and (534); Evans 1; Clay and Court; Dewhirst; Holland; RSW.
PARKER, FRANCIS England, c.1690, member of the Bakers' Company; may have had William Roloson turned over to him in 1690. Crawforth 7.
PARKER, GEORGE Ireland, fl.1761-66, MIM Universal Ring Sundial, silver = EGE. watchmaker; the ring sundial is 2 1/2" in diameter. Cork Hill, Dublin. Morrison-Low and Burnett; RSW.
PARKER, JAMES 1 England, fl.1703-26, MIM apprenticed to Thomas Walpole of the Grocers' Company on March 2, 1696; free of the Company on June 8, 1703; took apprentices. Foster Lane, London. J. Brown 1.
PARKER, JAMES 2 England, fl.1806-25, OIM PHIM Stick Barometers = X(2); Wheel Barometers = X, Soth.-P 3/1/83. one barometer is signed "Parker London" the others are signed "Parker" or "J. Parker" plus the Princes Street address. 53 Princes Street, Leicester Square, Soho (1817); 22 Little Queen Street, Holborn; both in London. Taylor 2(1189); Goodison 1; RSW.
PARKER, JAMES 3 England, c.1817, OIM optician. 333 Oxford Street, London. Taylor 2(1189).
PARKER, JOHN 1 England, c.1748, MIM apprenticed to James Wilson 2 of the Clockmakers' Company on Jan. 14, 1740; free of the Company, Jan. 18, 1748. J. Brown 3.
PARKER, JOHN 2 England, c.1830, OIM Sandpits, Birmingham. Taylor 2(1955).
PARKER, RICHARD GREEN USA, 1798-1869, MIM educator; made hemisphere globes from c.1827 for the use of his students. Boston, Mass. Warner 4; DAB.
PARKER, SAMUEL England, fl.1825-26, OIM 16 Little Hampton Street, Birmingham. Taylor 2(1658).
PARKER, THOMAS 1 England, c.1705, MIM apprenticed to William Sellars of the Clockmakers' Company on July 9, 1705. J. Brown 3.
PARKER, THOMAS 2 Scotland, fl.1801-02, MIM Glasgow. Taylor 2(1190).
PARKER, WILLIAM England, 1784-1817, MIM OIM Lens = APS. constructed large burning glasses, one just under 3 feet in diameter, another, 16" dia. for Priestly; said to have been of "advanced age" in 1817; usually referrered to as "Mr. Parker." Fleet Street, London. Taylor 2(754); Multhauf 1; Clay and Court; Spargo 1; Dewhirst.
PARKES AND HADLEY England, MIM Orrery, planets missing = Lub and Himmel, April 1965; Orrery, sun and moon missing = Grimwades 10/25/90. "patented." RSW.
PARKES, I. England, OIM Spyglass = P.C.(1967). London. USNM.
PARKES, JAMES, AND SON England, c.1850, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Microscopes = Wellcome Museum, D.(1969), D.(1976), Christie-SK 2/8/79, Phillips 2/14/79; Sextant = D.(1975); Surveying Instrument = D.(1977); Telescopes = American Art Galleries, Chicago, Ill. 3/18/75, Christie-SK 7/10/80. showed in the Great Exhibition of 1851, London. 5 and 6 St. Mary's Row, Birmingham. Bryden 9; G.L'E. Turner 24; Moskowitz 112; USNM; RSW.
PARKES, JOHN AND SONS England, 19th Century, NIM Sextant = Charles 6/10/79. T.C. in sextant box. Liverpool. RSW.
PARKES, SAMUEL England, fl.1777-1818, MIM rule and compass maker. 8 Sand Street (1777); St. Mary's Row (1787); Legge Street (1797-1801); all in Birmingham. Bryden 9.
PARKES, SAMUEL, AND SON England, fl.1808-18, MIM rule makers, worked in boxwood and ivory. Bull Street, Birmingham. Bryden 9.
PARKINSON AND FRODSHAM England, fl.1800-38, MIM OIM William Parkinson and William James Frodsham; famous for their chronometers. 4 Change Alley, Cornhill, London. Taylor 2(1403).
PARKMAN, S.N. USA, NIM Boat Compass = MYS. 174 Commercial Street, Boston, Mass. RSW.
PARKS see Graham and Parks.
PARMINTER, GEORGE England, c.1767, apprenticed to his father, John Parminter 1 of the Grocers' Company on Nov. 3, 1767. J. Brown 1.
PARMINTER, JOHN 1 England, fl.1739-91, MIM apprenticed to John Gilbert 1 of the Grocers' Company on July 6, 1732; free of the Company, Sept. 20, 1739; took apprentices. near the White Hart alehouse in Mansell Street, Goodman's Fields (1739); next door to the Sun and Bell in the Minories (1742); the corner of the Minories (1758); King Street, Tower Hill (1787); all in London. J. Brown 1.
PARMINTER, JOHN 2 England, fl.1791-96, MIM OIM apprenticed to Charles Lincoln in the Spectacle- makers'Company; admitted by Patrimony to the Grocers' Company on July 7, 1791; took one apprentice; optician. Crown Court, Wapping (1791); Dog Row, Bethnal Green (1796); both in London. J. Brown 1; Robischon.
PARMINTER, SAMUEL England, c.1787, MIM admitted to the Grocers' Company by Patrimony on June 7, 1787; son of John Parminter 1. J. Brown 1.
PARNALL AND SONS England, 19th Century, PHIM Beam Balance = Christie-SK 11/27/86. Bristol. RSW.
PARNELL England, c.1830, NIM Octant = Christie-SK 11/2/95. probably Thomas Parnell, or William, his son. London. RSW.
PARNELL AND SON England, 19th Century, NIM Sextant = Soth. 10/27/74. probably Thomas Parnell. London. RSW.
PARNELL, THOMAS England, fl.1776-1811, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Marine Barometer = X; Stick Barometer = Soth. 12/15/83; Telescopes = SWE, X; Octants = MYS, D.(1990), Marine Museum, Horten, Norway, Stadt Museum, Albenå, Denmark, VNN, Bolling Hall, Bradford; Sextants = MYS, Versailles 4/17/83, P.C.; etc. apprenticed to John Blake in the Joiners' Company, Dec. 13, 1768; free of the Company, May 7, 1776; T.C.; most of his instruments are signed "Parnell." at the Mariner and Quadrant, No. 94 (later No. 2) Hermitage Bridge, Lower East Smithfield, London. Taylor 2(1023); Calvert 2; Crawforth 1 & 7; Moskowitz 102; Pipping 1; Goodison 1; M.A.D., May 1990; RSW.
PARNELL, WILLIAM England, fl.1811-14, MIM took over Thomas Parnell's shop in 1814; might have been his son. Hermitage (1811); No. 94 (later No. 2) Lower East Smithfield (1813-14); all in London. Taylor 2(1023); Crawforth 7.
PARRISH, H. England, c.1860, PHIM barometer maker. 6 1/2 Wood Street, Bath Row, Birmingham. Goodison 1.
PARROTT, W.T. England, 1790, NIM Octant, ebony, 1790 = Vogel Nov. 1972; Octant = Soth. 9/20/83. Hull. Bryden 9; RSW.
PARRY, THOMAS WILLIAM England, fl.1838-46, MIM OIM Analemmatic Sundial = Christie 6/7/72. 14 Princes Street, Barbican; 24 Holywell Street, Strand; both in London. Taylor 2(2199); RSW.
PARSONS England, MIM Circular Slide Rule = Soth. 10/21/74. London. RSW.
PARSONS AND TUTTEL England, 1701, MIM William Parsons 1 and Thomas Tuttel; advertised a pair of 36-inch globes for 25 pounds in 1701. London. Taylor 1(411).
PARSONS, CHARLES England, 1674, MIM Quadrant Sundial, 1674 = OXF. for 51° latitude. Taylor 1(376); Evans 1.
PARSONS, GEORGE England, c.1822, MIM apprenticed to his father, William Parsons 3, of the Grocers' Company on July 4, 1822. J. Brown 2.
PARSONS, JAMES England, fl.1820-38, MIM PHIM apprenticed to his father, William Parsons 3, of the Grocers' Company on Dec. 3, 1812. 22 Bull and Mouth Street, London. Taylor 2(2200); J. Brown 2.
PARSONS, WILLIAM 1 England, 1658-1723, MIM Protractor, Plotting Scale = OXF. may be Col. William Parsons; see Parsons and Tuttel. Old Palace Yard, Westminster, London. Taylor 1(411) & 2(1660); RSW.
PARSONS, WILLIAM 2 England, c.1759, MIM Universal Ring Sundial, 1759 = NMM; Protractor = OXF. 3.6" in diameter. Taylor 2(1660); O'Mara.
PARSONS, WILLIAM 3 England, fl.1799-1822, MIM PHIM apprenticed to James Martin of the Grocers' Company on Nov. 5, 1789; free of the Company, Jan. 3, 1799; took apprentices, including his own children. 9 Kirby Street, Hatton Garden; New Sreet, Fetter Lane (1801-07); Salisbury Court, Fleet Street (1808-12); Paul's Alley, St. Paul's Churchyard (1812-22); Bull and Mouth Street (1822); all in London. Taylor 2(1660); J. Brown 1 & 2.
PARSONS, WILLIAM 4 England, c.1809, apprenticed to his father, William Parsons 3 on Feb. 2, 1809. London. J. Brown 1 & 2.
PARTON, WILLIAM England, c.1830, NIM compass maker. 40 Low Street, Sunderland. Taylor 2(1956).
PASCAL, BLAISE France, 1623-62, mathematician; philosopher; worked with Toricelli's idea of vacuum tube for barometer, c.1650; invented an adding machine in 1642. A.J. Turner 10; Middleton 1; DSB.
PASCAL, CLAUDE France; Holland, fl.1654-74, MIM clockmaker. The Hague (1654); Paris (1670). Rooseboom 1.
PASCAL, DOMINIQUE France, c.1740, PHIM Coin Balances = Soth. 11/16/87 and 4/18/88. Rue de 4 Chapaux, Lyon. RSW.
PASCHE, LOUIS Holland, fl.1768-93, MIM Pasché; clockmaker; worked on Leidse Sphere. Leiden. Rooseboom 1.
PASSEMANT, CLAUDE-SIMEON France, 1702-69, MIM OIM PHIM Barometers = Usher Art Gallery, Lincoln, Waddesden Manor, Bucks; Wheel Barometers = NYM, Phillips 9/10/86, Christie N.Y. 6/7/79 (Sèvres porcelain); Thermometer = DEU; Telescopes = WHI, ADL-M434, Spitzer-2891, Valley Forge Historical Society, Pa.; Hygrometer = COR; Solar Micrscope = COR; Planetariums = Palais de Versailles (1749), MLL (1766); Sundials = NMM, CNAM; Pair of Globes = POB; Astronomical Clock = Palais de Versailles; Microscopes = Drouot Richelieu 4/28/88, NYM; etc. Claude-Siméon Passemant; author; "Ingénieur du Roi"; made three telescopes for Louis XV (1751, 1755, 1759). rue de la Monnaye à la Pomme d'Or; au Louvre, au dessus de l'Académie Française (1749); both in Paris. Daumas 1; Taylor 2(296a); Ronfort; Brieux 3; Bennett 1; ADL; Michel 3; Stevens & Aked; USNM; Engelmann 1; Augarde; RSW.
PASSEMENT misreading for Passemant.
PASSEY, D. England, c.1790, OIM Solar Microscope = Soth. 3/25/86. Bristol. RSW.
PASTEUR, BERNARD FRANCOIS Switzerland; Holland, 1742-1801, OIM PHIM Pneumatic Pump = LEY. Bernard François Pasteur; clockmaker; also made microscopes, thermometers, etc. Geneva (1742-67); Amsterdam (1767); Leyden (1794). Rooseboom 1; Crommelin 1.
PASTORELLI England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Bowling Street, Westminster, London. Goodison 1.
PASTORELLI AND CETTI England, c.1853, PHIM Pastorelli and Edward Cetti; barometer and thermometer makers; they succeeded John Tagliabue. 11 Brook Street, London. Goodison 1.
PASTORELLI AND CO. 1 England, 1815-17, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Stick Barometer = Phillips 11/16/88. Fortunato Pastorelli; became F. and J. Pastorelli in 1817. 4 Cross Street, Hatton Garden, London. Goodison 1; RSW.
PASTORELLI AND CO. 2 England, fl.1856-63, MIM PHIM SIM Wheel Barometer = X; Dumpy Level = D.(1982). Francis Pastorelli; level is Patent No. 2711, 11/18/1863. 208 Piccadilly, London. Goodison 1; Coffeen A.
PASTORELLI AND CO. 3 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. probably J. Pastorelli. 180 High Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
PASTORELLI AND RAPKIN England, 1750-1900, PHIM Barometer, Fortin-type = Phillips 2/14/79; Hygrometer = Longleat House, Wilts.; Stick Barometer = Soth.-C 6/6/85; Thermo-Hydrograph = K. & C. 9/29/76; Aneroid Barometer = Soth.-S 7/17/96. firm claimed to have been established in 1750; aneroid barometer signed "Pastorelli and Rapkin Ltd." 46 Hatton Garden, London. USNM; RSW.
PASTORELLI, A. AND F. England, fl.1848-49, PHIM Anthony Pastorelli and his son, Francis. 4 Cross Street, Hatton Garden, London. Goodison 1.
PASTORELLI, A., AND SON England, c.1848, PHIM Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 9/23/88. Dawcross Street; 4 Cross Street, Hatton Garden; both in London. Goodison 1.
PASTORELLI, ANTHONY England, fl.1829-49, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X (3); Barometer and Thermometer = Phillips 11/11/81; Hygrometer = OXF. philosophical instrument maker; succeeded Fortunato Pastorelli in 1830; took his son Francis as a partner, 1848-49; some barometers signed "A. Pastorelli." 4 Cross Street, Hatton Garden, London. Goodison 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
PASTORELLI, F. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Stick Barometer = Phillips 9/16/81. either Fortunato or Francis Pastorelli. London. Goodison 1.
PASTORELLI, F. AND J. England, fl.1817-18, PHIM Fortunato and J. Pastorelli; barometer makers. 4 Cross Street, Hatton Garden, London. Goodison 1.
PASTORELLI, F., AND CO. England, c.1850, OIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Telescope = D.(1975). Francis Pastorelli. 208 Piccadilly, London. Goodison 1; USNM; RSW.
PASTORELLI, FORTUNATO England, fl.1805-30, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie-SK 4/17/86. the barometer is signed "Pastorelli 156 Holborn, London"; see Pastorelli and Co. 1, F. and J. Pastorelli; succeeded by Anthony Pastorelli. 252 High Holborn (1805); 156 High Holborn (1811); 4 Cross Street, Hatton Garden (1815-30); all in London. Goodison 1; RSW.
PASTORELLI, FRANCIS England, fl.1848-60, OIM PHIM son of Anthony Pastorelli and his partner, 1848-49, as A. and F. Pastorelli; succeeded him in 1850; see Pastorelli and Co. 2. 4 Cross Street, Hatton Garden (1848-56); 208 Piccadilly (1856-60); both in London. Goodison 1.
PASTORELLI, J. England, c.1817, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. worked with Fortunato Pastorelli, 1817-18, see F. and J. Pastorelli and Pastorelli and Co. 3. 180 High Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
PASTORELLI, JOHN England, fl.1837-57, MIM OIM PHIM Wheel Barometers = X (3), Christie-SK 5/20/88; Stick Barometer = X. 28 Cable Street (1837); 55 Cable Street (1841-47); 61 Cable Street (1851); 10 South Castle Street (1857); all in Liverpool. Taylor 2(2201); Goodison 1; RSW.
PASTORELLI, JOSEPH 1 England, fl.1820-27, PHIM Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 11/27/86. Leopards Court, Leather Lane, London. Taylor 2(1663); Goodison 1.
PASTORELLI, JOSEPH 2 England, fl.1825, PHIM made barometers. 67 Hatton Garden, London. Goodison 1.
PASTORELLI, T. AND F. England, c.1815, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 2/4/77. surely Fortunato Pastorelli and a relative. 4 Cross Street, Hatton Garden, London. RSW.
PATERNAL, NICOLAS Portugal, 1616, MIM Astrolabe, 1616 = LIM. ICA-217. Price 1; Gunther 1; Michel 2; GHP; ICA 2; RSW.
PATERSON Scotland, c.1803, OIM Calton Hill Observatory, Edinburgh. Bryden 3.
PATERSON, JAMES Scotland, fl.1679-93, MIM produced an "Arithmatical Spiral" calculating instrument; wrote almanacs; advertised "weather-glasses of all sorts and sizes"; succeeded by his nephew, John Mann 1. at the Sign of the Sea Cross-staff and Quadrant in the Cowgate (1681-86); Sign of the Sea Cross-staff and Quadrant, Reid House, middle of the Leith Wynd (1689); both in Edinburgh. Taylor 1(424); Bryden 3, 10 & 15; Clay and Court; Goodison 1.
PATHRICK, JOHN see John Patrick. Clay and Court.
PATIN France, c.1700, MIM Crescent-type Sundial = D. Brieux 3.
PATON, DAVID Scotland, c.1824, MIM made a planetarium and lunarium in 1824. Dunfermline. Taylor 2(1664).
PATRICK England, 19th Century, MIM Inclinable Sundial = ATG, 7/13/96. ad said 18th century. London. RSW.
PATRICK, JOHN 1 England, fl.1686-1722, MIM apprenticed to William Thompson in the Joiners' Company on July 8, 1668; free in the Company, July 6, 1686, on the report of Thomas Eliot; took apprentices; may be the father of John Patrick 2 or there may be only one John Patrick. Crawforth 7.
PATRICK, JOHN 2 England, fl.1693-1720, MIM PHIM Angle Barometers = P.C. (2); Stick Barometers = D.(1981), NMM, Christie-SK 4/17/86; Pillar Barometer, ivory, brass and silver = BM. author; apprenticed to William Tompson of the Joiners' Company on July 6, 1686; free of the Company in 1693; became a member of the Clockmakers' Company in 1712; specialized in barometers; T.C.; probably the son of John Patrick 1 unless the two are the same person. against Bull Head Court, in Jewin Street near Cripplegate Church (pre-1704); Ship Court, Old Bailey (1704-); both in London. Clay and Court; Goodison 1; Taylor 1(526); Calvert 2; RSW; Bedini 8; Price 3; Crawforth 1; Dewhirst; RSW; A.J. Turner 10; Middleton 1.
PATRICK, THOMAS England, c.1686, apprenticed to John Patrick 1 in the Joiners' Company on Oct. 5, 1686. Crawforth 7.
PATRIDGE, R., AND CO. USA, c.1830, MIM Circular Calculator for finding interest = D.(1985). Boston, Mass. Coffeen 9.
PATRON France, MIM SIM Graphometers = D.(1972), A-P 3/15/76. possibly Pierre-André Patron, which see. Paris. Roux Devilas, 1973; Augarde; RSW.
PATRON, PIERRE-ANDRE France, c.1742, Pierre-André Patron; master sword maker; may be same as Patron, which see; may have made instruments. rue de la Petite Sonnerie, Paris. Augarde.
PATRONE see Patroni Crawforth 1.
PATRONI, PIETRO Italy, fl.1714-22, OIM Microscope, 1715 = LEY; Binocular Microscopes = P.C. (1719), NAC (1722); Binocular Telescopes = DEU (1714), NAC (1719); Telescopes = ADL-M426, Soth. 1/25/84. the binocular telescopes are signed "Sac Coesae et Catae Mais Opticus Mediolani" and "Petrus Patronus"; the Soth. telescope is signed "Pierre Patroni"; the Adler telescope is signed on the objective lens; Patroni is mentioned in an advertisment by James Mann 2. Mediolani = Milan. Daumas 1; Bonelli 1; Price 2; Engelmann 1; Dewhirst; Crawforth 1; A.J. Turner 10; ADL; RSW.
PATTART, IOAN. Germany, fl.1715-52, MIM Garden Sundials, stone = Aschbach Schloss (1752), Cremsdorf bei Höchstadt. Cremsdorf sundial has arms of Christian Ernst von Guttenberg. Bamberg. Zinner 1.
PATTEN see Potten. Crawforth 7.
PATTEN, GEORGE USA, 1820-57, MIM OIM son of Richard Patten; see Richard Patten and Son. New York, N.Y. (1820-42); 23 South Street (1849-51); 38 W. Baltimore (1856-57); the last two in Baltimore, Md. Smart 1; USNM.
PATTEN, RICHARD USA, 1792-1865, MIM NIM SIM Surveyor's Compasses = ADL-A215, NMM, USNM, D.(1983), P.C., etc; Octant = MYS; Marine Compass = P.C.; Sextant = Fairfield Historical Society, Conn.; Surveying Compass = D.(1993). worked with his son, George, as Richard Patten and Son, 1842-1857; MYS octant is No. 12; Garcelon compass signed "R. Patten, New York"; had a dividing engine; T.C.,"All instruments in the above line made to order and warranted being divided on an Engine after the Plan of Ramsdens." Maryland; 350 Water Street (1813); 184 Water Street (1815-19); 180 Water Street (1821-34); 11 Park Place (1834-37); all in New York, N.Y.; Washington, D.C. (1843-46); Baltimore, Md. (1849-60); Washington, D.C. (1862-65). Smart 1; Bedini 1 & 8; Moskowitz 2; USNM; D.J. Warner 10; ADL; Garcelon 33 and 34; RSW.
PATTEN, RICHARD, AND SON USA, fl.1842-57, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Richard and George Patten. Washington, D.C. (1842-49); Baltimore, Md. (1850-57) the years (1856-57) were at 38 West Baltimore Street, Baltimore, Md. USNM.
PATTEN, STEPHEN USA, fl.1834-41, MIM NIM sold nautical items, rules, dividers, etc. Exchange Street (1834); No. 31 Exchange Street (1841); both in Portland Me. Portland, Maine Business Directories.
PATTEN, WILLIAM USA, fl.1838-49, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM 6th and Arch, Philadelphia, Pa. USNM.
PATTERSON, WILLIAM England, c.1808, apprenticed to Ebenezer Hoppé in the Joiners' Company on May 10, 1804. Crawforth 7.
PATTON see Richard Patten. RSW.
PATTON AND GEORGE NIM Sextant = Fall River Marine Museum, Mass. RSW.
PATTRICK England, c.1805, MIM Inclinable Sundial = ATG, 7/13/96. surely Thomas Pattrick 1. London. RSW.
PATTRICK, T., AND CO. England, fl.1802-08, MIM Pocket Globe in case = D. the celestial gores in the case are signed "Pattrick and Co."; the address is that of Thomas Pattrick 1. 29 King Street, Covent Garden, London. Wynter and Turner.
PATTRICK, THOMAS 1 England, fl.1802-08, MIM OIM PHIM globe maker; see T. Pattrick and Co.; author. 29 King Street, Covent Garden, London. Taylor 2(1192); Wynter and Turner.
PATTRICK, THOMAS 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Wisbeach. Goodison 1.
PAU, JOHANN Holland, pre-1762, OIM made a solar microscope. Leyden. Dewhirst; Clay and Court.
PAUL Switzerland, c.1800, PHIM son of Jacques Paul; barometer and thermometer maker, also made other philosophical apparatus. Geneva. Daumas 1; A.J. Turner 10.
PAUL, JACQUES Switzerland, 1733-98, MIM PHIM SIM Hygrometer, hair = P.C.; Graphometer = GEM; Thermometer = GEM; Standard Meter = GEM; Electrical Doubler = GEM; Stick Barometer, 1763 = GEM. father of Paul; apprenticed to Canivet; pocket compass (P.C.) is signed by both men; difficult to tell the father's work from the son's; GEM instruments are all from the Saussure Coll. Geneva. Daumas 1; J.A. Bennett 2; A.J. Turner 10.
PAULUS Holland, c.1653, OIM made lenses for Christiaan Huygens. Meester. Rooseboom 1.
PAULUS DE SURLANIS misreading for Paulus de Furlanis, which see. O. Brown 3; Woodward 1; RSW.
PAULUS, JACOBUS MIM Microscope = Cranbrook Institute of Science, Mich. USNM.
PAURUS see Ioan and Paurus. RSW.
PAVOLINI, BERNARDINUS Italy, c.1750, MIM SIM Telescopic Graphometer = D.(1987); Graphometer = USNM. USNM instrument is signed "Bernardinum Pavolini Fecit" and marked "Antonius Manghetti Incidit." USNM; Coffeen 15; RSW.
PAYNE 1 see Melling and Payne. RSW.
PAYNE AND CO. England, c.1850, MIM Pedometer = WHI. "3448 Patent"; William Payne. 165 New Bond Street, London. O. Brown 1.
PAYNE, A. England, c.1825, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-LA 6/7/76. 6 Little Warner, Clerkenwell, London. RSW.
PAYNE, BENJAMIN England, c.1825, PHIM Apothocary Scales = WHI; Balance = WHI. No. 395 Strand, near Southamton Street, London. O. Brown 2.
PAYNE, CHRISTOPHER see Christopher Paine. RSW.
PAYNE, GEO. P. England, c.1850, NIM Octant, ebony, ivory and brass = D.(1976). 39 South Castle Street, Liverpool. RSW.
PAYNE, J. England, c.1830, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-Sussex 9/18/86. Banbury. RSW.
PAYNE, WILLIAM 1 England, fl.1795-1800, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. the barometer is signed "Payne Hadleigh." Hadleigh. Baillie 1; Goodison 1.
PAYNE, WILLIAM 2 England, c.1831, MIM Pedometer = D.(1972). patented a pocket pedometer in a watch case in 1831; clock and watch maker. 163 New Bond Street, London.; Navigation Warehouse, South Castle Street, Liverpool. Taylor 2(1957); Moskowitz 104.
PAYNSTON England, c.1815, MIM invented a current meter. Taylor 2(1402).
PAYSON, SAMUEL, JR. USA, fl.1844-47, MIM NIM PHIM Boston, Mass. (1844-46); New York, N.Y. (1846-47). USNM.
PEACE, PHILIP Scotland, fl.1842-57, OIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 9/1/70. 61 Broughton Street (1842-45); 71 South Frederick Street (1846); 99 Prices Street (1847-57); all in Edinburgh. Bryden 3; Goodison 1; RSW.
PEACHY, WILLIAM England, c.1786, apprenticed to Joseph Rust 2 of the Grocers' Company on Oct. 5, 1786. J. Brown 1.
PEACOCK, JONATHAN England, c.1726, MIM sundial maker. the Old George, Penrith. Bryden 9.
PEACOCK, WILLIAM 1 England, fl.1778-90, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Kimbolton. Baillie 1; Goodison 1.
PEACOCK, WILLIAM 2 England, fl.1789-1832, PHIM probably a dealer; name is marked on a stick barometer, signed on the back "J. Croce York 1789." York. Baillie 1; Goodison 1; RSW.
PEAK see Harvey and Peak. G.L'E. Turner 24.
PEARCE, THOMAS England, fl.1856, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. instrument signed "Pearce Cirencester." Cricklade Street, Cirencester. Goodison 1.
PEARSON, DAVID USA, c.1760, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass, wood = D. the father of Henry Sleeper Pearson; the compass card was engraved by Joseph Callender. Newburyport, Mass. Smart 1; Moskowitz 103.
PEARSON, HENRY SLEEPER USA, 1789-1878, MIM NIM SIM Marine Compass = D.(1984); Surveyor's Compasses = P.C. (2). son of David Pearson; T.C.; watch and scientific instrument maker. at Jones Row, 6 Exchange Street, Portland, Me. (1823-77). Smart 1; Coffeen G; RSW.
PEARSON, J. England, c.1797, PHIM Wheel Barometers = Soth. 7/16/76, X. barometers are signed "Pearson Towcester." Towcester. Baillie 1; Goodison 1; RSW.
PEARSON, JOSEPH 1 England, c.1797, OIM optician; father of Joseph Pearson 2. Moor Street, Birmingham. Bryden 9.
PEARSON, JOSEPH 2 England, fl.1801-18, OIM optician; son of Joseph Pearson 1. 129 Moor Street (1801); Moor Street (1808-18); both in Birmingham. Bryden 9.
PEARSON, RICHARD England, c.1827, MIM NIM OIM North Side, Old Dock, Hull. Taylor 2(1666).
PEARSON, ROBERT England, c.1776, MIM apprenticed to John Parminter 1 of the Grocers' Company on Sept. 2, 1760; free of the Company, Oct. 3, 1776. J. Brown 1.
PEARSON, WILLIAM England, 1813, MIM Orrery, showing mean motion, 1813 = KEN. astronomer; constructed an astronomical clock and planetarium; F.R.S., 1819. Whitbeck, Cumberland; Temple Grove, East Sheen; South Kilworth, Lincolnshire. Taylor 2(880); RSW.
PEASE, PAUL USA, fl.1750-58, NIM Quadrant, 1758 = Brown University, Rhode Island; Backstaff, 1750 = R.I. Historical Society. Warner said "Probably son-in-law of Nathaniel Folger of Nantucket; it is not known if he was maker or owner of this instrument"; probably maker because of other instruments. Rhode Island? USNM; Bedini 1; Evans 1; D.J. Warner 8; RSW.
PECCENINI 1814?, MIM SIM Graphometer = DRE. RSW.
PECHE France, c.1840, NIM Marine Compass = PMS. sold sextants made by E. Lorieux. Nantes. USNM; RSW.
PEDDELL, JOHN England, c.1722, MIM apprenticed to John Bellinger 1 of the Clockmakers' Company on Jan. 15, 1722. J. Brown 3.
PEDERSEN AND CO. England, c.1850, MIM Azimuth Compass = OMM. Hull. RSW.
PEDIS, T. Scotland, c.1790, PHIM Barometer and clock = SPI-Anderson 3/25/27 Glasgow. RSW.
PEDLIO England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
PEDRAGLIO 1 France, OIM PHIM Stick Barometer = D.(1976); Telescope = Soth. 3/25/86. "Opticien". rue de la Fosse 12, Nantes. RSW.
PEDRAGLIO 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Rochester. Goodison 1.
PEDRAGLIO, BAPTISTA England, c.1800, PHIM Angle Barometer = Bearne's 9/13/89. RSW.
PEDRENE England, c.1785, PHIM Wheel Barometer = D.(1977). with thermometer, hygrometer and spirit level. Bristol. RSW.
PEDRETI, MARIO Italy, 1589, MIM Protractor with pivoted arm, 1589 = BMR. Rome. Michel 3.
PEDRETTI, C. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Birmingham. Goodison 1.
PEDRETTI, PETER England, fl.1834-51, PHIM barometer maker. Bath Street, Clerkenwell (1834-44); 13 Dorring Street (1844-51); both in London. Goodison 1.
PEDRONE BROS. AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Carlisle. Goodison 1.
PEDRONE, LOUIS England, fl.1841-60, MIM OIM PHIM Inclinable Sundial = WHI; Marine Barometer = PMS; Wheel Barometer = X. sometimes spelled "Lewis Pedrone." 57 Lord Street; 27 & 28 Lord Street; both in Liverpool. Bryden 9 and 16; Taylor 2(2202); Goodison 1; RSW.
PEDRONE, S. AND G. England, c.1820, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 12/13/88. RSW.
PEDUZZI England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. probably Anthony or James Peduzzi. Manchester. Goodison 1.
PEDUZZI, ANTHONY England, fl.1825-41, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-S 7/23/87. 23 Picadilly (1834), London?; 31 Oldham Street (1841), Manchester. Taylor 2(1670); Goodison 1; RSW.
PEDUZZI, JAMES England, fl.1825-41, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X (2), D.(1968), Christie 12/8/74, Christie-SK 11/27/86. all the barometers are signed "J. Peduzzi Manchester"; one has the Newbury Street address. 49 Oldham Street (1825-26); Newbury Street; 97 Oldham Street (1834-41); all in Manchester. Taylor 2(1671); Goodison 1; RSW.
PEDUZZI, M. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. 74 Leather Lane, London. Goodison 1.
PEEL, WILLIAM England, c.1717, apprenticed to Lawrence Miles in the Joiners' Company on Sept. 3, 1717. Crawforth 7.
PEER, JOOST see Joost de Beer. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
PEFFENHAUSER, PHILIPP HEINRICH Germany, 1657-1733, MIM Equatorial Sundial, with cam latitude setting = FRA; Horizontal Sundials with moon scale = Sorfältige Schrift, Budapest, Eichstatt Museum; Crescent Sundials = INN, GRA, BM; Equatorial Sundials = Drecker Coll., D.(1974). Augsburg. Zinner 1; Bobinger 2; Wynter 1; Michel 3.
PEIA, A. Holland, c.1790, PHIM Stick Barometer = Short Graham and Co., Gloucester. also made thermometers. Amsterdam. Daumas 1; RSW.
PELEGRINO, FRAN. England, c.1820, PHIM Barometer = Soth. 9/1/70; Wheel Barometer = X; Stick Barometers = X, Christie-SK 9/23/88. Goodison 1; RSW.
PELL, JOHN England, 1610-85, author; wrote on quadrants. Oxford. Gunther 2.
PELLATT AND CO. England, fl.1824-32, Messrs. Green and Pellatt; glass-workers. Falcon Glass House, Holland Street, Blackfriars Bridge, London. Taylor 2(1672).
PELLETIER, J.C. Holland, fl.1776-1809, PHIM made a magnetic experiment and physical instruments for cabinets. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1.
PELLIER France, MIM Vertical Sundial = Lempertz 4/28/61. Paris. RSW.
PELLIN, PH. France, c. 1883, PHIM became partner of JulesDuboscq in 1883, carried on firm after 1886. Paris. Warner 13.
PELT, JAN VAN Holland, MIM Dividers = Soth. 4/18/88. RSW.
PENCOTTI, I. England, 19th Century, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie-SK 4/17/86. High Street, Dudley. RSW.
PENDER AND CO. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth. 2/4/77. Norwich. RSW.
PENDLETON, WILLIAM KIMBOROUGH USA, 1817-99, MIM Terrestrial Globe = P.C. Boston, Mass. Yonge.
PENEDO, A. Holland, c.1785, OIM PHIM made camera obscuras, pumps, etc. Rooseboom 1.
PENER see Bener. Bobinger 2.
PENNER see Bener. Bobinger 2.
PENNOCK, JOSEPH England, c.1726, MIM apprenticed to Benjamin Scott of the Grocers' Company on June 30, 1719; free of the Company, July 27, 1726. J. Brown 1.
PENNY, WILLIAM England, fl.1816-38, MIM 25 Broad Street, Ratcliff Cross, London. Taylor 2(1407).
PENSA, J., AND SON England, c.1835, PHIM Wheel Barometers = Christie-SK 9/11/86, Soth. 12/13/88. John Pensa and Son. 5 Greville Stret; 39 Charles Street; both in Hatton Garden, London. Goodison 1; RSW.
PENSA, JOHN England, fl.1830-39, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 12/15/83. thermometer maker. 2 Charles Street; 39 Charles Street, Hatton Garden (1830-34); 5 Greville Street (1835-39); all in London. Taylor 2(2204); Goodison 1; RSW.
PENSA, MARGARET England, fl.1840-48, PHIM barometer and thermometer maker; possibly the widow of John Pensa. 25 Charles Street, Hatton Garden, London (1846). Taylor 2(2204); Goodison 1.
PENSA, T. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-S 1/25/89. Colchester. RSW.
PENSOTTI, JOSEPH England, c.1817, PHIM barometer maker. High Street, Dudley. Taylor 2(1959); Goodison 1.
PENTHER, FRIEDRICH JOHAN Germany, 1752, MIM Universal Equatorial Sundial, 1752 = DRE. author; wrote on gnomonics. Augsburg. RSW.
PEOTE, JAMES see Pioti. Goodison 1.
PEPPER, JNO. England, c.1830, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. instrument signed "Pepper Biggleswade." Market Place, Biggleswade. Goodison 1.
PEPYS, SAMUEL devised rule to figure timber volume. Latham and Matthews.
PERBY AND BRO. USA, c.1850, MIM Liquid Measure, wood = D.(1976). 51 Fulton Street, New York N.Y. RSW.
PERES, JAN Holland, fl.1765-93, MIM repaired Isenbroek's planetarium, ADL-M392, in 1793; clockmaker. Haarlem. Engelmann 1; Fox 1; Rooseboom 1; ADL; RSW.
PERESTE misreading by Engelmann of inscription on ADL-M392, should be "Peres te" = Peres in." ADL; RSW.
PERIGOT, CHARLES France, 19th Century, MIM Terrestrial Globes = La Rochelle 7/16/83, Melun 4/24/83. sometimes spelled "Périgeot"; the Melun globe is marked "édité par Delagrave à Paris." Paris. RSW.
PERIGRINUS, PETRUS 13th Century, wrote a treatise on the astrolabe. A.J. Turner 10.
PERKINS see Spencer and Perkins. RSW.
PERKINS, EYSUM England, c.1682, MIM apprenticed by turnover to James Atkinson 1 of the Clockmakers' Company on Sept. 29, 1670; carried on trade as a non-freeman, c.1682. J. Brown 3.
PERNAUD France, 1745, forged name and date on #535 G in dial list at OXF. Nancy. Evans 1.
PERNER, ADAM Germany, 1596, MIM Augsburg-type Sundial, 1596 = WHI. Nürnberg. RSW.
PERNOT, J. France, 1785, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1785 = P.C. Dunkerque. Evans 1; Michel 3.
PERRE, J. France, 18th Century, NIM Marine Compass = Gazette de l'Hôtel Drouot, 7/27/90 (No. 30). "J. Perre maître poulier et faseur de compas." Dunkerque. RSW.
PERREAUX, L.G. France, fl.1841-62, MIM PHIM firm founded in 1841; made precision instruments, dynamometers, spherometers, etc. rue Monsieur-le Prince, 16, Paris. USNM.
PERRENOUD, SAUVEUR France, MIM Mathematical Instrument Set = PRM; Dividers, brass and steel = Bergbau Mining Museum, Bochum, Westalfia. RSW.
PERRETT, GEORGE England, c.1799, apprenticed to William Elliott 1 in the Joiners' Company on Aug. 6, 1799. Crawforth 7.
PERRINS, H. AND F. England, OIM Telescope, four-draw = Versailles 4/17/83. London. RSW.
PERRON, R. England, c.1800, MIM Garden Sundial = P.C. (1976). London. RSW.
PERRY AND CO. England, NIM Sextant = Soth. 10/18/71; Octant = Christie 12/21/71. probably P.F. Perry. West Hartlepool. RSW.
PERRY, ANDREW Ireland, fl.1839-45, MIM optician. 5 Fitzwilliam Place, Grangegorman Lane (1839-42); 21 Grangegorman Lane (1843-45); both in Dublin. Morrison-Low and Burnettt.
PERRY, EDMUND England, c.1675, MIM apprenticed to William Howe of the Grocers' Company on Feb. 15, 1666; free of the Company, June 2, 1675. J. Brown 1.
PERRY, P.F. England, OIM Telescope = Christie-SK 2/8/79. see Perry and Co. Hartlepool. RSW.
PERRY, THOMAS Ireland, fl.1835-37, OIM optician. 22 Grangegorman Lane, Dublin. Bryden 9; Morrison-Low and Burnett.
PERSONNE, GILLES France, 1602-75, OIM PHIM mathematician; designed an equal-arm balance; worked on developing a vacuum; put telescopes on surveying and navigating instruments, c.1667; "Gilles Personne de Roberval." Roberval. Middleton 2; G.L'E. Turner 24; A.J. Turner 10.
PESCHKE Germany, c.1743, MIM Mechanical Equatorial Sundial = HAK. Dresden. W. Eckhardt 3.
PESCHKU, ANDREAS Austria, fl.1602-41, MIM Calendars, stone = GRA (1602), VIE (1610), Radkersburg Stadtmuseum (1615). Graz. Zinner 1.
PETER, C.W. Holland, c.1820, PHIM Marine Barometer = D.(1954). probably G.W. Peter. Rotterdam. RSW.
PETER, G.W. Holland, c.1850, NIM Azimuth Compass = OMM. Rotterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2; RSW.
PETER, G.W., EN ZOON Holland, c.1850, NIM Octants, (2) = AMST; Sextants (2) = Municipal Museum, Vlissingen; Azimuth Compasses = AMST, Nowegian Maritime Museum, Oslo. the compass at AMST also shows the name D.H. Selter. Rotterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2.
PETERS see Norris and Peters. RSW.
PETERS, JAMES England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
PETERSEN, C. Germany, c.1860, MIM Mathematical Instrument = HAM. St. Pauli; Hamburg. RSW.
PETERSEN, HEINRICH Germany, NIM OIM PHIM T.C.; made barometers and telescopes. Grand Elbestrasse 7, Altona. RSW.
PETIT, P. France, 1598-1677, MIM Celestial Globe, 1659 = BM. produced a form of grid micrometer; Intendant of Fortifications at Rouen; experimented with early barometers. Rouen. A.J. Turner 10; Middleton 1; RSW.
PETLEY see Marx and Petley. USNM.
PETRALI, ANGELO c.1820, NIM Octant, ebony, ivory and brass = Christie 5/10/83. RSW.
Petri, Adolf 1819-1895 see Dolberg, Adolf
PETRONI Patronus? Dewhirst.
PETRUS AB AGGERE Spain; Belgium, fl.1558-62, MIM SIM Universal Equatorial Sundial, 1558 = RSM (loan) = Soth. 12/4/61 = Zoccali Coll. = Soth. 3/16/67 = ADL-DPW40; Graphometer?, 1560 = FLO-1278; Astronomical Ring, 1562 = OXF. sundial signed "Absolvit Bruxelle Petrus ab aggere in gratiam D. Francisci de Hispania anno salutis humanae 1558"; the graphometer? is signed "Absolvit Toleti Petrus ab aggere Mathematicus Regius"; astronomical ring is signed "Petrus Aggerius Matriti in gratian D. Petri Fajiandi"; Michel said the name might be a latinization of Van Rampart or Van den Dijk; the lists of towns with latitudes always start with "Hispania", as Spain owned the Low Countries at that time. Brussels (1558); Toledo (1560); Madrid (1562). Bonelli 1; Morpurgo 2; Zinner 1 (2nd Ed.); Price 2; Michel 3; Gunther 2; Evans 1; ADL; RSW.
PETRUS AGGERIUS see Petrus ab aggere. RSW.
PETRUS PHILOMENA DE DACIA Italy; France; Denmark, fl.1286-1303, known as Peter Nightingale; designed an equatorium; author. Bologna (1286-92); Paris (1292); Denmark (c.1303). O. Pedersen.
PETTERS' SON, BORSE Sweden, NIM Hadley's Quadrant = GMM. Börse Petters' Son. Göteborg. RSW.
PETTERSSON, GUSTAF Sweden, fl.1806-42, OIM PHIM apprenticed to Gabriel Collin; free in 1806. Stockholm. Pipping 1.
PETTIT, JAMES England, fl.1837-44, OIM Telescopes = Soth. 10/18/71 (1837), Christie-SK 12/1/83 (1844). F.R.A.S. RSW.
PETZL, JOH. PHIL. Germany, 1709, MIM Sundial, stone, 1709 = REG. Zinner 1.
PEUCHOT France, MIM Celestial Planispheres, (3) = CNAM. RSW.
PEUERBACH, GEORG Austria; Germany1423-72, astronomer; author; Zinner thought he made astrolabes and shield-type sundials. Vienna. Zinner 1.
PEVERELLE, JOHN B. England, fl.1849-54, PHIM barometer maker. 16 Pershore Street, Birmingham. RSW.
PEVIN, N. France, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial = O-F 13. P. Sevin? Paris. Monreal.
PEYRONNY, M.M. DE, ET HENRI ROBERT France, 19th Century, MIM Universal Sundial = ADL-W140. "Cadran Solaire universal par M.M. de Peyronny et Henri Robert Horlogers." ADL; RSW.
PFAB, ANDREAS Germany, 1760, MIM Mechanical Equatorial Sundial, 1760 = DRE. Dresden. Evans 1; RSW.
PFAEFFTI Switzerland, MIM Protractor = PAM? Berne. RSW.
PFALTZ, J. WILLIAM USA, fl.1807-10, MIM clock and watch maker. 39 Fells Street F.P. (1807-08); St. Paul's Lane (1810); both in Baltimore, Md. Smart 1.
PFEIFFER, JOHANNES ANDREAS Germany, fl.1717-47, MIM Universal Ring Sundial = OXF; Combination Drawing Compass No. 4, 1742 = Koller, 1972 = P.C. = Christie 4/3/85; Graphometer, 1747 = Huelsmann Coll. Coburg. Evans 1; Gunther 2; Michel 3; Syndram; RSW.
PFENNINGER, J.C. Germany, 18th Century, MIM Equatorial Sundial = KAS. Kassel. Lübke.
PFINZING, PAUL Germany, b.1554, MIM made odometers. Nürnberg. Beckmann.
PFISTER, HERMAN Switzerland; USA, 1847-1911, MIM SIM Theodolites = USNM, Butler County Historical Society, Hamilton, Ohio. joined Rasselas Prince Whitcomb in R. Whitcomb and Co., 1877-78; worked alone 1870-76 and 1879-1905; his son, William Henry Pfister, was his foreman in 1905. Schaffhausen; Missouri; 119 W. 5th, Cincinnatti, Ohio (1870-1911). Smart 1.
PFISTER, MARTIN Germany; Norway, fl.1537-42, MIM sundial maker. Nürnberg (-1542); Spitzenberg. Gouk 1.
PFISTER, WILLIAM HENRY USA, 1875-1935, MIM SIM son of Herman Pfister; foreman for his father in 1905. Cincinnatti, Ohio. Smart 1.
PHAIDROS Greece, c.200 A.D., MIM Sundial, quiver variant = BM. there are four sundials in one; Gibbs 2544; Phaidros was the son of Zoilos, a Paenian. Athens. Gibbs 1.
PHARE, I.E. MIM Compass = LIM. RSW.
PHELIZOT, C. France, c.1620, MIM Sundial inside the cover of a watch = Drouot 2/18/60 = P.C. Dijon. Pippa; RSW.
PHELPS England, MIM SIM Surveyor's Cross = STM. Royal Exchange, London. RSW.
PHELPS AND GURLEY USA, fl.1845-51, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Meridian Telescope, small = P.C.; Surveyor's Compasses = GUR, USNM; Transits = GUR, Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society, N.Y.; etc. Jonas H. Phelps and William Gurley. 319 River Street, Troy, N.Y. Smart 1; USNM; RSW.
PHELPS AND GURLEYS USA, fl.1851-52, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Jonas H. Phelps and William and Lewis Ephraim Gurley; firm became W. and L.E. Gurley; which see. 319 River Street, Troy, N.Y. Smart 1.
PHELPS, B.C. USA, 1861, MIM Astronomical Quadrant, 1861 = D.(1984). Coffeen H.
PHELPS, JONAS H. USA, 1809-65, MIM PHIM SIM Surveying Compass = P.C. associated with Oscar Hanks from 1833 to 1837; took Lewis E. Gurley as an apprentice in 1844; became a partner with William Gurley, 1845-52; moved to Connecticut and continued to make surveying instruments; see Phelps and Gurley and Phelps and Gurleys. 319 River Street, Troy, N.Y. Smart 1.
PHELPS, THOMAS England, fl.1799-1823, MIM OIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Fetter Lane (1799); 28 Holywell Lane, Shoreditch; 30 Red Lion Street, Holborn (1802-05); 33 Monkwell Street (1817-18); 19 Jewin Street (1822-23); the last 3 in Cripplegate, all in London. Taylor 2(1194); Goodison 1.
PHENDLER, ISAAC Germany, c.1590, MIM Sinecal Quadrant = Spitzer Sale = HAK. Michel 3; RSW.
PHILIP, GEORGE, AND SON England, MIM Pair of Globes, 3-inch = Soth. 5/12/75; Terrestrial Globe = USNM. the globe at the USNM is from the Liverpool address. 92 Fleet Street, London; 51 South Castle Street, Liverpool. USNM; RSW.
PHILIP, ROBERT England, c.1830, OIM 19 North Street, Brighton. Taylor 2(1960).
PHILIPS, HENRY England, fl.1648-77, invented Philips' Tide Ring. London Bridge, London. Taylor 1(229).
PHILLIPS England, MIM Globes (3) = K. and C. 4/7/76. RSW.
PHILLIPS BROS. England, c.1850, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth.-S 7/17/96. 31 Cockspur Street, Charing Cross, London. RSW.
PHILLIPS, CAPT. C., R.N. England, NIM Marine Compass = RSM. RSW.
PHILLIPS, J. England, c.1840, OIM Microscope = D.(1986). London. Coffeen 12.
PHILLIPS, JAMES Ireland, 1800, MIM Garden Sundial, 1800 = Ulstet Folk Museum. Derriaghy. Clarke et al.
PHILLIPS, JOHN England, c.1695, apprenticed to Jonathan Roberts in the Broderers' Company, May 24, 1695. Crawforth 7.
PHILLIPS, SOLOMON England, c.1838, OIM T.C.; spectaclemaker; practical optician. 43 Rathbone Place; No. 231 Tottenham Court Road, nearly opposite Percy Street; both in London. Calvert 2; Taylor 2(2206).
PHILLIPS, WILLIAM England, c.1808, apprenticed to James Clark 1 of the Grocers' Company on May 5, 1808. J. Brown 1.
PHILOMENA see Petrus Philomena de Dacia. O. Pedersen.
PIANCHII, P. AND H. DE Italy, 1764, MIM Evans 1.
PIANTA AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Birmingham. Goodison 1.
PIAR, SCHOL Austria, MIM Horizontal Sundial, silvered brass = SPI-2844. Vienna. RSW.
PIATTI, PAULUS AMILIUS Italy, 1728, MIM Rule, 1728 = ADL-M129. the rule is marked "A" and "E", one at each end. Venice. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
PICA, JUAN Spain, MIM SIM Theodolite = Soth. 12/19/66. Barcelona. RSW.
PICARD France, c.1820, PHIM Barometer = La Rochelle 7/6/83. "opticien." Dreux. RSW.
PICARD, EUGENE France, 1865, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1865 = Auction, Honfleur, 6/17/79. worked under Andriveau Goujon. RSW.
PICARD, JEAN France, 1620-82, astrononomer; an early advocate for using telescopes on surveying instruments, c.1669; scientist; worked on standardizing weights and measures; invented a new level. Paris. G.L'E. Turner 24; Daumas 1; Dawson 216, 1971; A.J. Turner 10.
PICARDI MIM Universal Ring Sundial, silver = NOR. RSW.
PICART France, 1733, MIM Equatorial Sundial, 1733 = LIE; Gunner's Level = Evans Coll. = OXF; Sector = D.(1997). gunner's level also spelled "Picard", marked "J. Weiler" at a later time. Combrey. Evans 1; Michel 3; Brieux 3; Tesseract X; RSW.
PICART, A. France, c.1840, OIM Concave Lens on stand = D. 20 Rue Mayet, Paris. Moskowitz 103.
PICCARD, CHARLES France, c.1700, MIM Variation Compass = PMM. St. Malo. Price 2; RSW.
PICK, JAMES Russia, c.1851, PHIM showed at the Great Exhibitiom of London in 1851. Warsaw. G.L'E. Turner 24.
PICKERING England, see Dixon and Pickering, barometer makers. RSW.
PICKERING, JAMES Ireland, fl.1810-34, PHIM Balance = WHI. records show him as a "Scale Maker" (1810-16) and a "Beam and Scale Maker" (1817-34). 73 Pill Lane, Dublin. O. Brown 2.
PICKERING, THOMAS 1 England, c.1781, MIM apprenticed to Michael Dancer in the Joiners; Company on Sept. 4, 1781; listed as a MIM in the directories; may be the same as Thomas Pickering 2. London. Crawforth 7.
PICKERING, THOMAS 2 England, c.1838, MIM OIM may be the same as Thomas Pickering 1. 30 Regent Street, Kensington, London. Taylor 2(2207).
PICKERINGE, THEOPHILUS England, c.1642, apprenticed to John Brown 6 in the Joiners' Company, 1642. Crawforth 7.
PICKETT, GEORGE England, c.1840, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 4/28/88. 265 Oxford Street, London. RSW.
PICQUET, G. France, fl.1627-42, MIM Astrolabes, wood and paper, 1627 = P.C. and D.; Astrolabe, wood and paper, 1642 = CNAM. the astrolabe at the CNAM is ICA-220A and is also marked "Jehan Lebrun." (P.C.) Chez Pierre Mariette rue St. Jacques à lesperance; (D.) Chez Melchior Tavernier, graveur & imprimieur du Roi pour les tailles douces, demeurant en l'Isle du Palais sur le Quay qui regard la Megisserie à l'Espic d'Or; both in Paris. Gunther 1; Price 1; Michel 2 & 3; Dewhirst; Brieux 2; ICA 2; RSW.
PIERCE, SAMUEL England, c.1770, OIM worked for Ramsden for over 30 years; made telescopes. London. Dewhirst; Clay and Court; USNM.
PIERCE, WILLIAM USA, c.1639, almanac compiler; mariner. Charles Evans; Bedini 8.
PIERRE, DANIEL DE Germany, 1665, OIM Microscope, 1665 = DRE. lens maker. Augsburg. Dewhirst; RSW.
PIERRE, MAISTRE France, c.1551, NIM Master Pierre; "le Compassier"; made Foullon's holometer. rue de la vieille drapperie à l'Enseigne Sainct Geneviève, Paris. Michel 3.
PIERRELET, V. France, 1840, MIM Planetarium on clock, 1840 = CNAM. RSW.
PIERUCCI, MARIANO Italy, fl.1851-73, PHIM made many physical instruments that are in the Institute of G. Salvemini in Florence; worked for the gabinetto di Fisica U. di Pisa. Pisa. Brenni 1.
PIETER, JOHANNES SINT Holland, fl.1773-83, PHIM Scale of a Barometer = Centraal Museum, Utrecht; Stick Barometer = Soth.-A 1977. Utrecht. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
PIETER, JOHANNES SINT, BONGIANI & COMP. Holland, c.1783, PHIM Barometer = P.C. (1912). Utrecht. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
PIETERSZ, REYNIER pre-1597, invented two navigating instruments and a ring sundial. Michel 3.
PIETERZE, P. Holland, NIM Compass, wood = Fries Museum, Leeuwarden. Harlingen. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
PIETRO, ORATIO GOVERNA Italy, 1585, MIM Astrolabe, 1585 = P. & S. 4/3/1894 = HOF. ICA-182. Padua. Price 1; ICA 2; Gunther 1; Evans 1; RSW.
PIFFARETTI England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. 48 Judd Street, Euston Road, London. Goodison 1.
PIGANDOLA England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
PIGEON 1 France, MIM Sectors = Christie 12/18/74, D.(1976). the dealer's sector is labelled "à commune affranchie." Lyon?; Paris? Moskowitz; RSW.
PIGEON 2 France, c.1690, MIM Folding Square = ADL-M49. modified terrestrial and celestial globes under Coronelli's direction; used a different "g" from Pigeon à Lyon. Place Dauphine, Paris. Michel 3; Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
PIGEON 3 France, 1788, MIM Sector = ADL-M89c; Alidade = ADL-M134; Equatorial Sundial = MERC; Butterfield-type Sundials = OXF, P.C.(1968), Soth. 3/27/72; Protractor = Versailles 2/28/82; Chest of Architect's Instruments, 1788 = Drouot Richelieu 4/28/88. used a different "g" from Pigeon à Paris. Lyon. Daumas 1; Dewhirst; Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
PIGEON, G. France, c.1780, MIM Armillary Sphere, Copernican, cardboard = X. Paris. Bryden 9.
PIGEON, JEAN (1), AND G. LE ROY France, 1714, MIM Armillary Sphere, 1714 = POB. G. Le Roy was the son-in-law of Jean (1) Pigeon. Lyon. Guye et Michel.
PIGEON, JEAN 1 France, fl.1714-17, MIM made miniature terrestrial globes. Lyon. Krogt 2; RSW.
PIGEON, JEAN 2 France, 1804, MIM Celestial Globe, 1804 = MUN. celestial globe on Andreas Steib's astronomical clock, 1804, at MUN; "Ce Globe du Ciel a été desiné selon l'Observatoire presente de l'Astronom de Paris de trois cens étoiles de Jean Pigeon Mathe: dedié à S.A.R. Mgr. le Duc d'Orleans"; see Jean Pigeon 1. Paris. Friess.
PIGGOTT, PETER WILLIAM England, fl.1838-46, MIM OIM PHIM apprenticed to Thomas Ventom in the Merchant Taylors' Company; free of the Company; may be the same man as the holder of a patent on optical instruments. 4 Penton Street, Walworth; Taylor 2(2208); Dewhirst; Crawforth 7.
PIGOT, FRANCIS England, 17th Century, MIM Astronomical Quadrant = OXF. RSW.
PIGOT, JOHN England, 1770-1854, PHIM barometer maker. 7 Noble Street, Wilmington Square, London (1823-36). Goodison 1.
PIGUER, MICHAEL see Michael Piquer. RSW.
PIK, JAN Poland, c.1850, MIM Cannon Sundial = Clock Museum, Warsaw. optician. Warsaw. RSW.
PIKE'S SON, B. USA, fl.1867-1916, MIM OIM SIM Surveyor's Compasses = Historical Society of Rockland County, N.Y., Onondago Historical Society, Syracuse, N.Y. Daniel Pike. 518 Broadway (1867-&6); 960 Broadway (1881); 930 Broadway (1878; 1886); 638 Madison Avenue (1913), and 24 East 59th Street (1916); all in New York, N.Y. Smart 1; USNM.
PIKE'S SONS AND CO., B. USA, c.1867, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Transit = Old Salem, Inc., Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Daniel and Gardiner Pike. New York, N.Y. USNM.
PIKE, B., AND SON USA, 1831-41, 1844-49, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Surveyor's Compasses = Nebraska State Historical Society, Lincoln, Western Reserve Historical Society, VCW, Maine Historical Society, Portland, Chicago Historical Society, Ill., USNM, North Carolina Museum of History and the State Archives, Gunner's Calipers = Harvard U. Observatory; Barometer = USNM; Dip Circle = Soth. 3/10/87; Protractor Set, with case = D.(1993); etc. Benjamin Pike 1 and 2, 1831-41, and Benjamin Pike 1 and Daniel Pike, 1843-50; protractor set signed "Crozet's Protractor"; did not make all the instruments they sold. 12 Wall Street (1831-32); 14 Wall Street (1832-33); 166 Broadway (1833-42); all in New York, N.Y. Smart 1; USNM; Coffeen C and 43; Moskowitz 103; Warner 14; RSW.
PIKE, B., AND SON'S USA, c.1835, MIM Gunner's Calipers = D.(1992). New York. Coffeen 39.
PIKE, B., AND SONS USA, fl.1850-67, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Surveyor's Compasses = New Jersey Historical Society, Newark, Sutter's Fort, Sacramento, Cal., USNM, Western Reserve Historical Society Museum, Ohio, D.(1972), GUR, P.C., etc; Transits = WHI, Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society, N.Y., D.(1982); Microscope = D.(1986); Barometers = USNM (2). Benjamin Pike 1 and either Benjamin (2) and Daniel Pike, 1841-43, or Daniel and Gardiner Pike, 1850-67. 166 Broadway; 518 Broadway; both in New York, N.Y. Smart 1; USNM; Coffeen 14; Moskowitz 104; J.A. Bennett 2.
PIKE, BENJAMIN 1 England; USA, 1777-1863, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = Rutgers University, New Jersey. took Benjamin Pike, Jr. ( 2) as partner, 1831-41; took Benjamin (2) and Daniel Pike, his sons, as partners, 1841-43; worked with Daniel alone 1843-50; Gardiner Pike, another son, worked with his father and Daniel, 1850-63; firm continued under the old name until c.1893; some of their instruments surely purchased from other makers. England (1777-1798); 147 Pearl Street (1807); 12 Wall Street (1810-30); 166 Broadway; 518 Broadway (1841-67); all but the English address are in New York N.Y. Smart 1; USNM; Moskowitz 103; Warner 14; RSW.
PIKE, BENJAMIN 2 USA, 1809-64, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Barometer = USNM; Surveyor's Compasses = D.(1971), P.C. (2); Graphometer, 1850 = USNM; Theodolites = Franklin Institute, Pa., D.(1992). in business with his father and brother, Daniel, 1841-43; then worked alone; known as Benjamin Pike, Jr. 166 Broadway (1841-43); 294 Broadway (1843-64); both in New York, N.Y. Taylor 2(1961); Smart 1; USNM; Moskowitz 103; D.J. Warner 10; Coffeen 36.
PIKE, BENJAMIN, JR. see Benjamin Pike 2. RSW.
PIKE, DANIEL USA, 1815-93, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM son of Benjamin Pike 1; worked with his father, and his brother, Benjamin Pike 2 1841-43; worked with his father 1843-50; worked with his father and his brother, Gardiner, 1850-67. 166 Broadway; 518 Broadway; both in New York, N.Y. Smart 1; USNM; Moskowitz 103.
PIKE, GARDINER USA, 1824-93, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM youngest son of Benjamin Pike 1; worked with his father and his brother, Daniel, 1850-67, as B. Pike and Sons. 518 Broadway, New York, N.Y. Smart 1; USNM; Moskowitz 103.
PIKKER, THOM. D. Holland, c.1742, NIM Thom. D. Pikker; compass maker. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
PILGRAM, BENEDICT Germany, fl.1524, MIM sundial maker. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
PILGRAM, FRITZ Germany, d.1543, MIM member of the compass maker guild; made ivory diptych sundials. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
PILGRAM, HANS Germany, 1544, MIM sundial maker; Master of the compass maker guild in 1544. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
PILGRAM, SEBALD Germany, fl.1530-47, MIM member of the compass maker guild; made ivory diptych sundials. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
PILKINGTON AND GIBBS England, 1860, MIM Heliochronometers = P.C.(1860), D., Soth. 7/10/67. Soth. signed "Pilkington and Gibbs Ltd." Preston. RSW.
PILKINGTON, GEORGE England, fl.1838-46, MIM OIM PHIM 48 St. James's Street, Clerkenwell; 14 Clarence Place, Pentonville; both in London. Taylor 2(2209); Dewhirst.
PILLISCHER, MORITZ England, fl.1850-87, MIM OIM PHIM Microscopes = OXF (1855), Phillips 4/20/83 (1887), D.; Telescopes = Phillips 4/20/83 Soth.-S 5/19/88; Stick Barometers = X (2); Fortin-type Barometer = Sotheby 12/15/94; Sunshine Recorder = P.C.; Barograph = KEN. showed at the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London, where he was listed as "Morrice Pillischer"; Fortin-type barometer (Bond St.) marked "No. 550." 398 Oxford Street (1851); 88 New Bond Street (1854); both in London. Goodison 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; Dewhirst; Middleton 1; RSW.
PILLOT France or Belgium, PHIM devised a type of ballooning stick barometer called "Barometric Simple de Pillot." RSW.
PILON, GERMAIN France, c.1575, MIM Polyhedral Sundials = D. 32 faces; one sits on Atlas, the other on a caryatid; invented by "P. Beautemps de St.-Pourcinen Auvergne." Brieux 2.
PINAM, JOSEPH MIM Quadrant, wood, 4-inch radius = FLO-1306. Bonelli 1.
PINARD, HENRI France, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = Cranbrook Institute of Science, Mich. Paris. USNM.
PINCHBECK England, post-1783, MIM succeeded Christopher Pinchbeck 2. London. Taylor 2(297).
PINCHBECK, CHRISTOPHER 1 England, fl.1670-1723, MIM father of Christopher Pinchbeck 2. St. George's Court, St. John's Lane; Sign of the Astronomico-Musical Clock, near the Leg of Mutton, Fleet Street (1721); both in London. Taylor 2(101).
PINCHBECK, CHRISTOPHER 2 England, 1710-83, MIM PHIM made thermometers; son of Christopher Pinchbeck 1. Cockspur Street, London. Taylor 2(297).
PINCHETTA, A., AND CO. England, c.1810, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth.-Bill. 4/21/93. London. RSW.
PINCHETTI, A. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie 1/26/90. London. RSW.
PINEAU, F. France, 17th Century, MIM Dividers, iron = ADL-M84. Engelmann 1; Michel 3; ADL; RSW.
PINHEY AND WOODS England, MIM NIM patent compass correction with azimuth sundial. 58 High Street, Southampton. RSW.
PINI, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. see T. Pini. 13 Baldwin Gardens, Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
PINI, J. AND L. England, fl.1848-60, PHIM Joseph and Luigi Pini were partners; barometer makers. 23 Brook Street, Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
PINI, JOSEPH England, fl.1835-60, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X (2), Phillips 2/15/89. thermometer maker; in partnership with Luigi Pini, 1848-60; Phillips signed "I. Pini." 1 Princes Street, Red Lion Square (1835); 3 Princes Street, Red Lion Square (1836); 23 Brook Street (1838-60); all in London. Goodison 1; RSW.
PINI, JOSEPH, AND CO. England, c.1838, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. barometer signed "Pini and Co." with no address. 23 Brook Street, Holborn, London. Taylor 2(2210); Goodison 1.
PINI, LUIGI England, fl.1848-60, PHIM see J. and L. Pini. 23 Brook Street, Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
PINI, T. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = D.(1975). this may be a misreading, see J. Pini. 13 Baldwin Gardens, Leather Lane, London. RSW.
PINI, VALENTINO Italy, fl.1598-1607, designed sundials, 1598; author. Venice. Lübke; RSW.
PINNEY, FRAN. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X (2). one signed "Pinney Stamford." Stamford. Goodison 1.
PINNI, FRANCIS, AND CO. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X; Wheel Barometer = Soth. 10/22/87. Holborn, London. Goodison 1; RSW.
PIOCHAT France, 1710, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial, 1710 = Heinz Coll., Carnegie Museum, Pittsburg, Pa.; Butterfield-type Sundials = Soth. 11/17/38 & 3/11/77. "Elève de Butterfield." Paris. Stewart; Gunther 2; Michel 3; Dewhirst; RSW.
PIOTI, JAMES England, c.1792, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Stick Barometer = Soth.-C 10/9/86. stick barometer is signed "Pioty Boston"; the name is sometimes spelled "Peote." Boston, Lincolnshire. Goodison 1; RSW.
PIOTTE, JAMES England, fl.1806-23, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. the barometer is signed "Piotte Hull." Queen Street (1806-23); 2 Queen Street (1821-23); both in Hull. Goodison 1.
PIOTTI, P. England, c.1800, PHIM Barometer = Christie 4/25/91. signed "P. Piotti Fecit." RSW.
PIOTTY, J. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Lincoln. Goodison 1.
PIOTY, J. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth.-S 1/25/89. London. RSW.
PIPER England, 19th Century, PHIM Aneroid Barometer = Phillips 2/2/84. Exeter. RSW.
PIPER, GEORGE England, 1809, MIM Perpetual Calendar, 1809 = D.(1988). patented Aug. 12, 1809. London. RSW.
PIQUER, F. MICHAEL Spain; France; Belgium, 1542, MIM Astrolabe, 1542 = D.; Astrolabe = NMM. the dealer's astrolabe is signed "Opus F. Mich. Piquer / Hisp. Parisiis MDXLII / Ant. Charreton XII Lugd. 1542"; Charreton may have been the owner in Lyon; the astrolabe at the NMM has Louvain as its source, ICA-433, ex-Barbarini Coll; see M.P. 1. Catalonia; Paris (1542); Louvain. Price 1; NMM 2; ICA 2; Michel 3; Gunther 1; Brieux 2; GHP.
PIQUIER, D. MICHAEL see F. Michael Piquer. RSW.
PIQUOLET c.1790, MIM Sundial on a snuff box = Evans Coll. Evans 1.
PIRELLI, D. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
PIRENBRUNNER, ERASMUS Germany, 1574, MIM Astronomical Clock, 1574 = VIG. Augsburg. Neumann 1.
PIREON, JEAN misreading for Jean Pigeon 2. Friess.
PIRET, J. France, PHIM Barometer = Wallace Coll., London. Paris. F.J.B. Watson.
PIRGER, WOLFGANG Germany, 1485, MIM sundial maker in 1485. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
PISA, THOMAS OF see Thomas of Pisa. Dewhirst; Michel 3.
PISANI, OCTAVIUS Italy, c.1600, MIM Armillary Sphere = Chauveau Coll. Naples. Michel 3 (?).; check Octavii !
PISONE, B. England, c.1840, MIM Gauging Rod for spirits = P.C. "Liquidometer." RSW.
PISTALLA, CHARLES England, c.1805, PHIM barometer maker. 221 High Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
PISTOR UND HIRSCHMANN Germany, fl.1813-15, MIM OIM Karl Philipp Heinrich Pistor and Hirschmann, Senior. Berlin. Weil and Baden.
PISTOR UND MARTINS Germany, fl.c.1845-71, MIM NIM OIM Meridian Transit, 1859 = AUI; Three-circle Navigating Instrument = Christie 12/18/74; Reflecting Circles = WHI, Phillips 11/16/76; Prismatic Circles = AMST (4). Karl Philip Henrich Pistor; after his death, Martins continued the firm. Berlin. Mörzer Bruyns 1; Pipping 1; J.A. Bennett 1 & 2; USNM; Middleton 1; Weil and Baden; RSW.
PISTOR UND MENDELSSOHN Germany, pre-1813, MIM Karl Philipp Heinrich Pistor and Karl Theodor Nathan Mendelssohn; instrument makers. Berlin. Pipping 1; Weil and Baden.
PISTOR UND SCHIECK Germany, fl.1824-36, MIM OIM PHIM listed barometers in their 1829 catalogue. Berlin. Middleton 1; Weil and Baden.
PISTOR, KARL PHILIPP HEINRICH Germany, 1778-1847, MIM Sundial, pocket, round = Drouot 11/7/75. started out as an amateur and soon became a professional; received a D. Phil. in 1843; partner with Karl Theodor Nathan Mendelssohn pre-1813; Friedrich Wilhelm Schieck joined his workshop as a journeyman, 1811-19, and in 1824 became a partner and workshop manager in Pistor und Schieck; this partnership continued to 1836; Pistor then had a short partnership with Hirschmann, Senior, and later with Martins as Pistor und Martins until 1871 when Martins died; had visited Tulley in London for five weeks, c.1822. 34 Mauerstrasse, Berlin. Pipping 1; J.A. Bennett 2; Weil and Baden.
PITSALLA, CHARLES England, c.1800, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Phillips-Retford. London. ATG 5/10/97.
PITT, R. England, MIM Diptych Sundial, wood and ivory = D.(1976). London. RSW.
PITTUS, MINIATO Italy, fl.1553-67, MIM Sundial with Quadrant, wood, 1553 = Evans Coll. Florence. Evans 1; Gunther 2; Michel 3; Dewhirst.
PITZOLI, ANTHONY Ireland, fl.1831-35, PHIM barometer maker. 86 Pill Lane (1831); 86 1/2 Pill Lane (1832-35); both in Dublin. Bryden 9; Goodison 1; Morrison-Low and Burnett.
PIXII France, MIM Sector = Drouot 4/26/67-71. either Nicolas Constant Pixii or his son, Anthoine-Hippolyte Pixii. RSW.
PIXII ET FILS France, c.1833, PHIM Air Pump = P.C. Nicolas Constant and Antoine-Hippolyte Pixii. rue de Grenelle, St. Germain 181, Paris. Brieux 3; RSW.
PIXII NEVEU ET SUCCESSEUR France, c.1825, PHIM Prism, variable angle = USNM. "Pixii Neveu et Successeur de Dumotiez." Rue du Jardinet No. 2 à Paris. Warner 13.
PIXII PERE ET FILS France, 1808-35, PHIM Barometer = Nouveau Drouot 5/20/88; Air Pump = D.(1976). "Tube de Mariotte"; "Pixii Père et fils; Nicolas Constant and Antoine-Hippolyte Pixii. rue de Grenelle, St. Germain 181, Paris. Warner 13; RSW.
PIXII, ANTOINE-HIPPOLYTE France, 1803-35, PHIM Electromagnetic Generator = FLO. son of Nicolas Constant Pixii; invented a magneto-electric machine in 1832; worked with his father, 1832-35. 91 Rue de Jardinet, No. 2, Paris. Daumas 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; Warner 13.
PIXII, NICOLAS CONSTANT France, 1776-1861, MIM PHIM Thermoscope = P.C.; Torricelli Tube, 1830 = USNM; Hygrometer = LEY; Goniometers, Wollaston-type = APS, USNM; Pyrometer = USNM; Thermometer = LEY. nephew of Louis-Joseph and Pierre François Dumotiez; one of the best and most productive makers of physical apparatus of his day; succeeded his uncles, c.1815; worked with his son, Antoine-Hippolyte, 1832-35; see Pixii Père et Fils; see Nicolas Constant Pixii-Dumotiez; U. of Georgia, Athens, bought instruments in 1819. 91 rue de Jardinet, No. 2, Paris. Daumas 1; Multhauf 1; USNM; G.L'E. Turner 24; Warner 13; RSW.
PIXII-DUMOTIEZ, NICOLAS CONSTANT France, c.1815, MIM Drawing Instrument Set = PEA. Nicolas Constant Pixii succeeded his uncles, Louis-Joseph and Pierre François Dumotiez, c.1815. Paris. Daumas.
PIXU misreading for Pixii. Drouot 4/26/67.
PIZZALA England, c.1850, PHIM Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 1/22/87. could be A. or Francis Augustus Pizzala 2. 20 Charles Street, Hatton Garden, London. RSW.
PIZZALA AND GREENE England, post-1854, MIM OIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Francis Augustus Pizzala 2 and Greene 1. 19 Hatton Garden, London. Goodison 1.
PIZZALA, A. England, fl.1840-53, MIM OIM PHIM Wheel Barometers = D.(1977), X; Stick Barometers = Soth. 5/12/72 and 10/16/86; Universal Equatorial Sundial = Soth. 5/21/73. succeeded Francis Augustus Pizzala 1 and was succeeded by Francis Augustus Pizzala 2. 7 Charles Street, Hatton Garden (1840-46); 19 Hatton Garden (1847-53); both in London. Taylor 2(2211); Goodison 1; Dewhirst; RSW.
PIZZALA, FRANCIS AUGUSTUS 1 England, fl.1838-40, MIM OIM PHIM Barometer = Christie 5/24/39. succeeded by A. Pizzala; either A. Pizzala kept F.A Pizzala 1 name and showed in the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London or it was F.A. Pizzala 2 who showed. 7 Charles Street, Hatton Garden, London. Goodison 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; Taylor 2(2211); RSW.
PIZZALA, FRANCIS AUGUSTUS 2 England, fl.1854-60, MIM OIM PHIM succeeded A. Pizzala in 1854; later a partner with Greene 1. 19 Hatton Garden, London. G.L'E. Turner 24; Goodison 1.
PIZZALA, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. 84 Leather Lane, Holborn, Lomdon. Goodison 1.
PIZZI AND CETTI England, c.1830, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X (2). Buckingham. Goodison 1; Baillie 1.
PIZZI AND NEGRETTI England, fl.1841-45, PHIM Jane Pizzi took Henry Negretti as a partner after the death of her husband, Valentine Pizzi; made barometers. 19 Leather Lane, London. Goodison 1.
PIZZI, JANE England, fl.1840-45, PHIM widow of Valentine Pizzi; partner with Henry Negretti, 1841-45; made barometers. 27 Cross Street, Hatton Garden (1840); 19 Leather Lane (1841-45); both in London. Taylor 2(2112); Goodison 1.
PIZZI, VALENTINE England, fl.1838-40, PHIM barometer maker; succeeded by his widow, Jane, and Henry Negretti. 27 Cross Street, Hatton Garden, London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(2212).
PL., CAR. see Carolus Platus. Michel 3.
PLACE, WILLIAM England, 1694, MIM Proportional Rule, boxwood, 1694 = Soth. 5/21/73 = NMM. "made for Benjamen Philliaps." Wynter and Turner; NMM 2; RSW.
PLAGEMANN, JOHAN JOACHIM FRIEDRICH Germany; Sweden, 1740-1806, MIM Cruciform Sundial, 1792 = SWE. Stockholm. Pipping 1; RSW.
PLANCIUS, PETRUS Holland, 1552-1625, MIM Celestial Globes, 1625 = ROM, KEN, SKO; Terrestrial Globe = ANM; Astrolabes = LIE, FLO. Michel thought he was "Platevoet." Dordrecht?; Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1; Michel 3; Bedini 12; Dewhirst; RSW.
PLANKMAN, RUTGERUS ROELEFS Holland, 1748, MIM Pillar Sundial, 1748 = AMST. Mörzer Bruyns 1 and 2.
PLANT, JOHN England, c.1724, OIM free of the Spectaclemakers' Company, 1724. Crawforth 7.
PLANTART, NICOLAS France, c.1619, MIM Sundial inside lid of watch = Drouot 2/18/60. Blois (1619); Abbéville (post-1619). RSW.
PLATEAU, JOSEPH ANTOINE FERDINAND Belgium, c.1832, invented the phenakistoscope in 1832; see S. Stampfer, professor. Brussels. G.L'E. Turner 24.
PLATEL see Platus. Brieux 2.
PLATEVOET, PIETER see Petrus Plancius. Bedini 12; Michel 3.
PLATH, C. Germany, c.1800, MIM NIM OIM Celestial Globe = LOS; Sextants = D.(1971), LIM, K. and C. 9/20/71, Seamans Institute of New York, N.Y.; Telescopes = PMS, Tower of Gold, Seville. Hamburg. USNM; RSW.
PLATT, AUGUSTUS USA, 1793-1886, MIM SIM Transits = Ohio State Museum, Columbus, State Historical Society, Madison, Wis. son of Benjamin Platt; see Augustus Platt and Son; his son was Calvin Platt. New York, N.Y.; Lanesboro, Mass. (1809); Columbus, Ohio (1843-72). Smart 1.
PLATT, AUGUSTUS, AND SON USA, fl.1843-62, MIM SIM Augustus and Calvin Platt. Columbus, Ohio. Smart 1.
PLATT, BENJAMIN USA, 1757-1833, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compasses = Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland, Ohio, Ohio State Historical Society, Columbus. father of Augustus Platt; the compass cards have sine and cosine tables; clockmaker; gold and silversmith. Danbury (1757); New Milford (1802); both in Conn.; Columbus, Ohio (1817-33). Smart 1.
PLATT, CALVIN USA, fl.1840-70, MIM SIM worked with his father, Augustus, as Augustus Platt and Son, 1843-61; became superintendent of another firm. Columbus, Ohio. Smart 1.
PLATUS, CAROLUS Italy, fl.1578-98, MIM Pin-gnomon Sundials = D.(1588), BM (1593), Soth. 10/20/75 (1593); Armillary Spheres = FLO (1588), OXF; Celestial Globe, 1598 = NMM-Barberini; Globe = FLO. sometimes spelled "Platel"; the FLO armillary sphere is signed "Car. Pl." Rome. Bonelli 1; Michel 3; Brieux 2; Evans 1; Dalton; RSW; Price 3; Ward 4.
PLATZER, L. Czechoslovakia, 18th Century, MIM Mechanical Equatorial Sundial = OXF. Carlsbad. Michel 3.
PLEDGER, ELIAS England, c.1731, MIM wrote a pamphlet on the quadrant in 1731. Taylor 2(298).
PLEIS, FOERING AND THUDIUM 1840, MIM Garden Sundial, cast-iron, 1840 = Mercer Museum, Pa. RSW.
PLIENINGER, ANDREAS Germany, fl.1590-1607, MIM made many large, stone sundials, most with perpetual calendars; examples can be seen at HAK, REG, KRE, MUN, AUG, STU, KAS, GRA, etc. there is a stone sundial at BM, signed "A.P." (2) and marked "Marcus Curtius", which probably is by Plieninger. Regensberg. Zinner 1; Evans 1; Price 3; Ward 4; RSW.
PLIMPTON, GEORGE England, c.1830, MIM OIM PHIM 5 Tysol Street and Lincoln's Inn Passage, London. Taylor 2(1962).
PLONINGER, JOH. GEORG Germany, 1720, MIM Mechanical Equatorial Sundial, 1720 = Evans Coll. Munich. Evans 1; Michel 3.
PLOSSL, SIMON GEORG Austria, 1794-1868, MIM OIM Telescopes = USNM, ADL-A258, APS (1833), KRE, Technical Museum, Warsaw, P.C., D., etc; Dialytical Telescope, 1834 = APS; Microscopes = DRE, Pharmacy Museum, Cracow, Soth. 2/25/86; Camera Lucida = DRE.; etc. Simon Georg Plössl; "Optiker und Mechaniker"; also made solar microscopes. Vienna. Multhauf 1; USNM; Repsold 2; Pipping 1; H.C. King 1; Coffeen 16; Giordano 1; Dewhirst; Clay and Court; Chaldecott 3; RGO; ADL; RSW.
PLUMER, THOMAS England, c.1775, NIM Backstaff = Soth. 5/20/92. signed "Thos. Plumer in Bristol." Bristol. RSW.
PLUMMER, FRANCIS England, c.1646, MIM apprenticed to John Blighton 1 of the Grocers' Company c.1639; free of the Company April 8, 1646. J. Brown 1.
POCHAINE, JOHN England, c.1810, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 10/16/86 signed "J. Pochaine Warranted"; may be the same as Pochine. Dean Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Goodison 1; RSW.
POCHINE AND SON England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. might be the same as Pochaine. Newcastle. Goodison 1.
POCHLER, JOH. Germany, 1657, MIM Perpetual Calendar, 1657 = X. Joh. Pöchler. Hussum. Zinner 1.
POCOCK, EBENEZER England, 1801-36, MIM Terrestrial Globe, on a paper balloon = Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. marked "W. Day Lithog."; probably related to George Pocock; Taylor thought him English; Day and Haghe were lithographers to the King, see George Pocock; the balloon globe is similar to the one proposed by George Pocock; Bedini mentioned Bristol; might have emigrated or might be two people. Bristol. Taylor 2(1963); Bedini 8; Yonge; RSW.
POCOCK, GEORGE England, 1791-1830, MIM Globe = X; Globe, terrestrial, inflatable, paper = D.(1997). patented an inflatable terrestrial globe; D. signed "G. Pocock, Patentee, Bristol; Author of various other scientific Spheres stationary and revolving; G. Pocock del't; Day and Haghe lith'rs to the King"; Taylor thought he was English and mentioned the globe at an unknown location as well as Bristol as his address; Bedini thought he was an American globe maker who proposed an inflatable globe in 1830; might have emigrated or might be two people. Bristol. Taylor 2(1963); Bedini 8; Coffeen 56.
Poeller, F. Munich Telescope, refracting=PC 2 7/8" mirror, 38" long Munich, Germany Erlandson (Urbana, IL)
POGGIALI, GIUSEPPE Italy, fl.1850-67, MIM OIM SIM collaborated with Amici and was a mechanic in the Observatory of Florence. Florence. Brenni 1.
POIRSON, JEAN BAPTISTE France, 1760-1831, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1814 = Jefferson County Historical Museum, Watertown, N.Y. "Géographe, Membre Légion d'Honneur." Lorraine; Paris. Yonge.
POLANSKI, BERNARD Germany?, c. 1728, MIM Universal Ring Sundial, mounted over compass = NMM; Armillary Spheres = ROU = NMM. this particular form of ring sundial was invented by Mathias Hauser. Zinner 1; Michel 3; MADEX; RSW.
POLEM fl.1740-60, MIM Evans 1.
POLENI, GIOVANNI Italy, 1709, MIM made calculating machine in 1709; astronomer, mathematician and author; F.R.S.; French Academy. Padua. RSW.
POLHAMMAR Sweden, c.1710, MIM made quadrant for Anders Spole, astronomer at Uppsala. Pipping 1.
POLING, Z. see Z. Boyling. Zinner 1.
POLLARD, JOSEPH England, fl.1820-38, OIM 59 (later 62) Milbank Street, Westminster; 42 Princes Street, Leicester Square; both in London. Taylor 2(1675).
POLLOCK, AARON USA, c.1815, PHIM made meteorological, philosophical and weighing instruments; patented a "balance beam", July 31, 1815. Boston, Mass. USNM.
POLLYCOTT, THOMAS England, c.1684, MIM apprenticed by turnover to John Brown 1 of the Clockmakers' Company on May 5, 1684. J. Brown 3.
POLTH, JOHANN DE Holland, MIM Perpetual Calendar = Bernal Sale-3961 = BM. The Hague. Ward 4; RSW.
POLTHER France, Aneroid Barometer, 1732 = D.(1972). "opticien"; modern work. rue St. Opportune, Paris. RSW.
POLTI Italy; England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. "from Italy." Goodison 1 and 5.
POLTI, C. England, c.1770, PHIM Stick Barometers = X, Phillips 4/30/83; Angle Barometer = X. both X barometers signed "Polti Exon." Exeter. Goodison 1; RSW.
POLTI, G. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
POLTI, J., AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. might be Joseph Polti, which see. Goodison 1.
POLTI, JOSEPH England, fl.1822-34, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X (3). made thermometers; barometers signed "J. Polti Leeds." 7 Kirkgate (1822); Coxon's Yard, 72 Kirkgate (1834); both in Leeds. Taylor 2(1676); Goodison 1; Dewhirst.
POLTI, L. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Bristol. Goodison 1.
POLTY, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie-SK 6/24/88. "J. Polty fecit"; see Joseph Polti. RSW.
PONCELOT, J. France, c.1840, MIM Globe on clock = Neumarkt 5/5/72. Morez au Jura. RSW.
PONCIA, A. 1 England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Norwich. Goodison 1.
PONCIA, A. 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Peterborough. Goodison 1.
PONCIA, A., AND CO. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. see A. Poncia 1. Norwich. Goodison 1.
PONCIA, J. England, c.1822, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. dealer? Hereford. Goodison 1.
PONCIONE AND COLUMBA England, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Bearne's 3/30/88. see Poncione, Columba and Co. 180 High Holborn, London. RSW.
PONCIONE, COLUMBA AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. 180 High Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
PONCIONE, J. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth. 12/15/83. signed "J. Po---one London"; see Jno. Poncione and Co. London. RSW.
PONCIONE, JNO., AND CO. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. may be J. Poncione. 281 High Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
POND, JAMES England, fl.1822-30, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. probably a dealer. High Street (1822); 35 Broad Street (1830); both in Lynn. Goodison 1.
PONGUETA, ALEXANDER Spain, 1633, MIM Sundial, 1633 = D.(1986). Madrid. Queries, SIS Bull., No. 12., 1986.
PONISI, G. England, c.1795, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-Bearne 4/4/78. Docks, Plymouth. RSW.
PONISS, J., AND CO. Scotland, c.1800, PHIM Stick Barometer = Christie 12/6/78. probably J. Ponisso. Glasgow. RSW.
PONISSO, J. Scotland, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Edinburgh. Goodison 1.
PONT, JEAN DES France, MIM Horizontal Sundial, silver = Christie 11/11/70. Paris. RSW.
PONTHUS ET TERRODE France, fl.1850-95, MIM precision instrument makers; took over the workshop of Berthélemy in 1895; succeeded by A. Hurlimann. Paris. Calvert 2; J.A. Bennett 2.
PONTHUS-LORIEUX France, c.1850, MIM OIM Sextants = D.(1971), D.(1976); Full Circle, #221 = D.(1971). Ponthus claimed to have succeeded E. Lorieux. Paris. Cons. Nat'l 1; Destombes 4; NMM 2; Brewington 1; RSW.
POOL England, c.1815, MIM Spirit Level on barometer = Christie 8/2/72. the barometer was signed "E. Blunt, London." London. RSW.
POOL AND COMPANY USA, c.1840, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = Maine Historical Society, Portland. surely John Pool. Easton, Mass. USNM; RSW.
POOL, CHARLES USA, fl.1819-36, MIM PHIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = P.C. also made barometers and thermometers. 295 Broadway (1819); 312 Broadway (1821-23); 280 Broadway (1824-26)(1831-34); 9 Wall Street (1827-30); 189 Reade (1835-36); all in New York, N.Y. USNM; RSW.
POOL, FREDERIC USA, fl.1841-45, MIM NIM PHIM alternative spelling was "Frederick." Boston, Mass. USNM.
POOL, H.M., AND BROTHERS USA, c.1845, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compasses = DPW, P.C. Horace Minot, John, and presumably Harrison Pool. Easton, Mass. Smart 1; RSW.
POOL, HARRISON USA, 1816-69, MIM NIM SIM presumably worked with his brothers, John and Horace Minot Pool, as H.M. Pool and Brothers, which see. Easton, Mass. Smart 1.
POOL, HORACE MINOT USA, 1803-78, MIM NIM SIM Surveyor's Compasses = GUR, Clark County Museum, Springfield, Ohio, P.C., D.(1987), D.(1994); Transits = GUR (2), P.C.; Level = P.C. see H.M. Pool and Brothers; see J. and H.M. Pool. Easton, Mass. USNM; Smart 1; Coffeen 15; Moskowitz; Price 2; Garcelon 33.
POOL, J. AND H.M. USA, fl.1828-78, MIM NIM SIM Bearing Indicator = Old Colony Historical Society, Taunton, Mass.; Surveyor's Compasses = D.(1971), PEA; Protractor = USNM; Magnetic Compasses = Clark County Historical Society, Springfield, Ohio, D.(1989). John and Horace Minot Pool were brothers. Easton, Mass. Smart 1; USNM; Moskowitz 102; Coffeen 27; RSW.
POOL, J., AND CO. USA, c.1850, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compasses = P.C., D.(1997). John Pool; signed J. Pool and Comp'y." Easton, Mass. Coffeen 58; RSW.
POOL, JOHN USA, 1796-1865, MIM NIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = D.(1978). worked with his brother, Horace Minot Pool as J. and H.M. Pool; also presumably worked with Horace Minot and Harrison Pool as H.M. Pool and Brothers. Easton, Mass. Smart 1; Rinaldi.
POOL, JOHN MURRAY USA, 1824-1904, NIM son of John Pool and nephew of Horace Minot Pool. Easton, Mass. Smart 1.
POOL, T. AND F. USA, c.1800, PHIM Stick Barometer = P-B 10/5/44. Boston, Mass. RSW.
POOL, THOMAS 1 USA, fl.1828-43, PHIM made thermometers; called Thomas Pool, Jr. in 1828-30 directories. 568 Pearl (1828-29); 42 Fulton (1830); 31 Fulton (1835-36); 44 Fulton (1836-37); 174 Broadway )1837-39); 509 Broadway (1841-43); all in New York, N.Y. USNM.
POOL, THOMAS 2 USA, c.1864, MIM 177 N. Eutau Street, Baltimore, Md. Smart 1; USNM.
POOLE England, 1667, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1667 = D.(1975). London. RSW.
POOLE, JOHN 1 England, PHIM Marine Barometer = X; Sympiesometer = RSM. might be John Poole 2 at an earlier or later address. Upper East Smithfield, London. Goodison 1; RSW.
POOLE, JOHN 2 England, fl.1830-86, NIM OIM PHIM Sextant = Soth. 6/16/75; Wheel Barometer = K. & C. 3/19/75; Marine Barometer with Sympiesometer = D.(1976); Chronometer = ADL-A132; Telescope = Soth. 3/25/86. the sextant and the marine barometer are marked "57 Fenchurch Street, London." 9 York Terrace, Commercial Road; 7 Brunswick Terrace, Commercial Road; 57 Fenchurch Street (after 1855); all in London. Taylor 2(1964); ADL; RSW.
POOLE, THOMAS England, fl.1817-18, MIM OIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Upper North Place, Grays Inn Gate, London. Taylor 2(1408); Goodison 1.
POOLE, WILLIAM C. USA, c.1840, MIM NIM SIM patented a mariner's and a surveyor's compass in 1840. Lancaster, Pa. USNM.
POOLER England, 18th Century, OIM Microscope = Phillips 2/22/77. might be Richard Turner Pooler. London. J. Brown 1; Dewhirst; RSW.
POOLER, RICHARD TURNER England, c.1790-1810, MIM PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth.-S 1/27/88. apprenticed to Charles Fairbone 1 of the Grocers' Company on June 1, 1780; free of the Company, Feb. 5, 1790. 6 Great Tower Street, London. J. Brown 1; Dewhirst; RSW.
POPE, JOSEPH USA, 1750-1826, MIM Orrery, 1787 = Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. clockmaker; it is reported that he took 11 years to finish the orrery; figures reputed to be by Paul Revere. Boston, Mass. Bedini 8; USNM.
POPE, WILLIAM 1 England, c.1813, took out a patent in 1813 on a nautical instrument; might be the same as William Pope 2. Bristol. Taylor 2(1409).
POPE, WILLIAM 3 England, c.1829, author; patented a magnetic dip needle; might be the same as Willian Pope 1 or 2. London. Taylor 2(1677); Dawson's 205.
POPELL, MATTHAEUS FRANCISCUS Germany, fl.1665-69, MIM Equatorial Sundial, 1669 = AMST; Sundial = ROU-109 = NMM; Table Sundial, 1665 = OXFB; Quadrant = Evans Coll. alternative spelling was "Poppel." Evans 1; Michel 3; Gatty; Mörzer Bruyns 1; NMM-2; RSW.
POPKES, D. Holland, c.1763, PHIM made physical instruments for the cabinet of the Fundatie van Renswoode. The Hague. Rooseboom 1.
POPPE, H.B. Germany, 1759, MIM Artillery Level, 1759 = HAM. RSW.
POPPEL, H. 16th Century, MIM Mathematical Instrument = NMM-Caird. RSW.
POPPENBERG, JOH. PET. Germany, c.1775, PHIM Coin Balances = WHI, DRE. Westfalia. O. Brown 2; RSW.
POPPING, GERTRUD MIM Perpetual Calendar, silver, case = WHI ( FIT). Gerdrud Pöpping. Price 2; Bryden 16.
PORENSON, ALBERT Germany, 1774, MIM rebuilt a large astronomical quadrant in 1744; the quadrant is now in the Schloss Gottorf, Schleswig, Germany. Schlee; RSW.
PORO, ---ITO Portugal, NIM Sextant = LIM. Lourenço, Luiz da Porto. RSW.
PORRE VECCHIO AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Porre the Elder and Co. 17 Great Queen Street, Lincolns Inn Fields, London. Goodison 1.
PORRI England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. see Porre Vecchio and Co. 17 Great Queen Street, London. Goodison 1.
PORRI, BENJAMIN England, fl.1834-64, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. his first name may have been "Baldisaro"; his grandson said that Benjamin Porri had been apprenticed to Remundi in Halifax; Benjamin Porri's son-in-law was Innocenti Fattorini; the barometer is signed "B. Porri Skipton." Caroline Square (1834); New Market Square (1841); both in Skipton. Goodison 1.
PORRI, DOMENICO England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. London. Goodison 1.
PORRI, F. Ireland, PHIM Wheel Barometer with Thermometer and Hygrometer = Soth. 12/15/83; Wheel Barometer = X. Dublin. Goodison 1; RSW.
PORRI, G.B. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Leicester. Goodison 1.
PORRO, FRANCISCO Spain, NIM T.C. Gibralter. Calvert 2.
PORRO, IGNAZIO Italy; France; Italy, 1795-1875, MIM OIM SIM Prism Monocular with Telemeter, 1849 = SWE; Cylindrical Slide Rule = SWE. invented and made the first prism monocular; retired in 1861. Florence; Paris; Milan. Pipping 1; Dewhirst; Brenni 1; RSW.
PORTA, JOHN BAPTISTA Italy, OIM made telescopes and microscopes. Clay and Court.
PORTARIS, BOHINI DE see Bohini de Portaris. Italian Inventory.
PORTEMAN, ANN England, MIM Sundial, folding style = Soth. 4/20/14 might be owner. RSW.
PORTER England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-S 1/10/90. Wokingham. RSW.
PORTER AND CONNER USA, NIM Ship's Mechanical Log = APS. possibly Commodore David Porter and David Conner. Multhauf 1.
PORTER, DANIEL England, c.1803, MIM apprenticed to Joseph Fairey of the Grocers' Company on Dec. 1, 1803. London. J. Brown 2.
PORTER, G.E. PHIM Stick Barometer, walnut = MYS. RSW.
PORTER, GEORGE England, c.1830, MIM PHIM 14 St. James's Buildings, London. Taylor 2(1965).
PORTER, HENRY England, fl.1825-60+, MIM OIM apprenticed to William Cary; succeeded him in 1825 and kept Cary's name; T.C.; "Cary and Co. (Henry Porter) Opticians and Scientific Instrument Makers to the Admiralty established 1765"; "Late of 181 Strand, W.C." 181 Strand; 7 Pall Mall (S.W), 2 doors east of Waterloo Place; both in London. Calvert 2; G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
PORTER, R. USA, MIM SIM Level = Old Sturbridge Village, Mass. New York, N.Y. USNM.
PORTER, RUFUS USA, 1822, MIM Almanacs with Volvelles = D.(1989), Old Sturbridge Village. signed "R. Porter Del." Billerica, Mass. M.A.D. Sept 1989; Jean Lipman.
PORTER, SAMUEL England, c.1824, MIM Cruciform Sundial, Ferguson type = UTR; Floating Sundials = UTR, OXF, NMM, VNN, Maritime Museum of British Columbia, D.(1976), Soth. 12/15/78, ADL-T46 (bone), D.(2), etc.; Table of Time = D.(1997). Porter patented the floating sundial on Feb. 14, 1824; table of time was for 56 years, 1825-1880 and signed "Sam'l Porter Fecit, Entered at Stationer's Hall May 27, 1825." London. Taylor 2(1679); Dewhirst; Michel 3; de Rijk; USNM; Moskowitz; Coffeen 29, 33, 43 and 58; ADL; RSW.
PORTER, THOMAS England, c.1705, MIM apprenticed to Thomas Feilder of the Clockmakers' Company on Feb. 5, 1705. London. J. Brown 3.
POSIDONIUS Italy, c.43 B.C., MIM Astronomical Ring or Planetarium = lost. Rome. Cicero; Grimaldi 315.
POST, WILLIAM England, fl.1723-52, MIM apprenticed to Thomas Wright 1 in the Broderers' Company; free of the Company, May 1, 1723; Master of the Company, 1752; also a clock maker. on London Bridge. Crawforth 7.
POTTEN, JOHN England, fl.1707-37, MIM apprenticed to John Rowley in the Broderers' Company, July 29, 1699; free of the Company, Jan. 9,1707; took one apprentice. under Exeter Change in the Strand, London. Crawforth 7.
POTTER 1 see Hearn and Potter. RSW.
POTTER 2 Canada, c.1850, MIM OIM SIM Surveyor's Compass, pocket = D.(1972); Microscope = P.C. either Augustus Frederick Potter or Charles Potter 2. Toronto. Moskowitz 104.
POTTER, A.D. surely a misreading for J.D. Potter.
POTTER, AUGUSTUS FREDERICK Canada, c.1860, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = D.(1986). brother of Charles Potter 2. Toronto, C.W. Coffeen 12.
POTTER, CHARLES 1 England, c.1813, apprenticed to George Dollond 1 in the Grocers' Company, Dec. 2, 1813. J. Brown 2.
POTTER, CHARLES 2 Canada, c.1860, MIM SIM Transit = P.C. brother of Augustus Frederick Potter. Toronto, C.W. Coffeen 12; USNM.
POTTER, FRANCIS England, 1594-1678, MIM Quadrant, silver, 1651 = BM. sundial maker; mechanician; mathematician; author. Trinity College (pre-1613-37); Kilmanton Rectory (1637). Feingold; Taylor 1(132); Gunther 2.
POTTER, JOHN USA, 1746-1818, MIM SIM Graphometer, 1785 = GUR. clockmaker. Brookfield, Mass. Bedini 1 and 17; Smart 1; USNM.
POTTER, JOHN DENNETT England, b. 1810; fl.1830-69, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Box Sextant = Phillips 10/5/76; Hadley's Quadrant = NMM; Sextants = Phillips 10/26/83, Bearnes 1/24/90, Christie 7/5/71; Stick Barometer = K. and C. 12/15/72; Parallel Rules = MYS (1851), Whaler's Village Museum, Maui; Sectors = ADL-A285, KEN, Soth. 2/25/86; Telescope = Christie-SK 10/23/87; Octant = Soth. 3/10/87; Station Pointer = NMM. T.C.; shopman to R.B. Bate; "Hydrometer and Mathematical Instrument Maker and Chart Agent to the Rt. Hon.ble the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty"; Maui parallel rules marked "Capt. Fields Improved Reg. Jany 1854"; firm active to 1966. 31 Poultry and Tower Hill; 145 Minories (1866); both in London. Taylor 2(1966); Calvert 2; Crawforth 1; G.L'E. Turner 24.; McConnell 4; ADL; RSW.
POTTING see Potten. Crawforth 7.
POTTS see Rittenhouse and Potts; also Potts and Rittenhouse. Multhauf 1; RSW.
POTTS AND RITTENHOUSE USA, c.1773, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = APS. W.L. Potts worked with either David or Benjamin Rittenhouse; Bedini favors Benjamin on stylistic grounds; see Rittenhouse and Potts. Philadelphia, Pa. Multhauf 1; Bedini 1 & 8; Smart 1.
POTTS, J. England, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometer = K. & C. 2/8/78. London. RSW.
POTTS, THOMAS England, fl.1805-14, OIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. T.C.; barometer signed "Potts London Real Maker." No. 371 Strand near Southhampton Street (1805); 18 St. Martin's Court (1807-14); both in London. Taylor 2(1198); Crawforth 1; Goodison 1.
POTTS, WILLIAM LUKENS USA, 1771-1854, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compasses = GUR, P.C., D.(1985). worked with Benjamin Rittenhouse as Rittenhouse and Potts (1796-98); also as Potts and Rittenhouse. Worcester Township, Pa. (1796-98); Pitts Town, New Jersey (1800); Bucks County, Pa.; Philadelphia, Pa. (1817). Bedini 8; Smart 1; USNM; Coffeen 10; B.R. Forman.
POUILLY, J. France, fl.1683-92, MIM OIM SIM Graphometers = NMM (1686), PAM, D.(1985), P.C.(1987), Christie's 4/3/85, State Library, New South Wales; Sector = X; Microscope = P.C. made microscopes, Butterfield-type sundials, lodestones; Coffeen thinks that Pouilly and Depouilly are the same maker; see also Depovilly. Au Compas Marin, rue Dauphine, Paris. Daumas 1; Michel 3; Dewhirst; Coffeen 11 and 46; RSW.
POULAIN see Lefebvre et Poulain.
POULIEUR France, a rope-maker. RSW.
POULLOT, V.N. France, fl.1838-62, OIM lens maker. rue Saint-Louis-en-Marais 35, Paris. USNM.
POUND, JAMES England, 1669-1724, helped his nephew, James Bradley, to construct a clock-driven telescope; designed a cylinder sundial; F.R.S. Wanstead, Essex. Taylor 1(470) & 2(103).
POUTENSZ, SIMON ABBE JAN Holland, c.1476, NIM compass maker. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
POUVILLION variant of Pouvillon. Nachet; Daumas 1; RSW.
POUVILLON France, c.1833, MIM OIM Orrery on Clock = D.(1983). successor to Noël Simon Carochez. Nogent-sur-Oise; 33 Quai de l'Horloge, Paris (1833). Nachet; Daumas 1; RSW.
POWELL see Butler and Powell. Bryden 9.
POWELL AND LEALAND England, fl.1842-99, OIM made many fine microscopes; made improvements in microscopes. Hugh Powell and P. Lealand. 4 Seymour Place = 4 Euston Square = 170 Euston Road, London. G.L'E. Turner 1, 4, 23, 24; Young 1; Moskowitz 122; USNM; Coffeen 14; RSW.
POWELL, HUGH England, 1798-1883, MIM OIM PHIM Microscope = WHI. partner of P. Lealand, 1841-83; T.C. 24 Clarendon Street, Somers Town, St. Pancras (1830); 4 Seymour Place = 4 Euston Square = 170 Euston Road (1841); both in London. Taylor 2(1028); G.L'E. Turner 1, 4, 23, 24; Young 1; Crawforth 1; Dewhirst.
POWELL, J. England, c.1840, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie-SK 5/15/96. Worcester. RSW.
POWELL, JAMES England, c.1722, apprenticed to John Crooke 1 or 2 in the Joiners' Company on April 5, 1722. Crawforth 7.
POWELL, JOHN England, 1753, MIM Calendar, 1753 = Bodleian Library. Birmingham. Gunther 2.
POWELL, T. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
POWELL, THOMAS, AND SONS England, c.1810, MIM SIM Transit = P.C. RSW.
POYNER, IOHANNES 1719, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial, 1719 = OXF. RSW.
POYNET, JOHN England, MIM Sundial = Henry VIII. Earle.
POZO, JUAN DEL Spain, 1656, MIM Universal Equatorial Sundial, 1656 = O-F Coll. square; similar to Petrus ab aggere sundials. Seville. Monreal; RSW.
POZOLY, A. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
POZZI AND CO. England, c.1830, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Christie 11/2/72, Bearne's 2/17/92; Stick Barometers = Phillips 9/10/86, Soth.-S 7/23/87. Phillips stick barometer marked "Warranted." London. Goodison 1; RSW.
POZZI, A. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Wooton Bassett. Goodison 1.
POZZI, C. 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
POZZI, C. 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Liverpool. Goodison 1.
POZZI, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
POZZI, JOS. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Rochdale. Goodison 1.
POZZI, O. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Liverpool. Goodison 1.
POZZI, PETER England, fl.1822-30, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Willow Street, Oswestry. Taylor 2(1967); Goodison 1.
POZZOLI, FRANCIS England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Prittlewell. Goodison 1.
PRAC FIOR Italy?, 18th Century, MIM Sector = ADL-M105. Fior-enza ? Florence? Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
PRADA, C. England, c.1800?, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2); Stick Barometer = Soth. 12/17/87. one wheel barometer signed "Prada High Wycombe and Chesham" the other, "C. Prada High Wycombe." High Wycombe and Chesham. Goodison 1; RSW.
PRADA, C., AND CO. England, c.1800, PHIM Stick Barometer = Winterton Auction 9/20/90. Georgian. Worcester. RSW.
PRADA, F. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Chester. Goodison 1.
PRAETORIUS, D. Germany, MIM Sundial, inclinable = ADL-W229. ADL; RSW.
PRAETORIUS, JOHANN Germany, 1537-1616, MIM Cube Sundial, 1562 = NUR; Chalice Sundial, 1563 = NUR; Astrolabes = DRE (1568) (ICA-271), NUR (1568) (ICA-554), FLO (1591) (ICA-483); Quadrant, 1571 = NUR; Terrestrial Globe, 1568 = DRE; Nocturnal, 1568 = DRE; Celestial Globe, 1566 = DRE (lost); Astrolabe, date unknown, = DRE (lost); Torquetum, 1568 = NUR; Sundials, 1566 and no date = NUR. the celestial globe was also marked "J. Richter" (his real name); Drechsler thought that he was Johann Prätorius Joachimicus. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Gunther 1; Lunardi; Price 1; ICA 2; Michel 3; Dewhirst; Drechsler 2; RSW.
PRANDI, F. AND CO. England, c.1825, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. see Francis Prandi. 26 Church Street, Sheffield. Goodison 1; Dewhirst.
PRANDI, FRANCIS England, c.1822, PHIM T.C.; barometer maker; see F. Prandi and Co. No. 32 Church Street, Sheffield. Crawforth 1; Goodison 1.
PRATT, WILLIAM England, fl.1616-24, MIM Arithmetical Jewel, 1617 = BM. instrument is a a mechanical calculator; author. London. Taylor 1(135); Price 3; A.J. Turner 10.
PRAUN, JAMES England, c.1710, OIM optician; Uffenbach brothers found him "very cheap and good and, if he takes the trouble, makes a fine polish" (on the lenses?), in 1710. London. A.J. Turner 10.
PRAZMOUSKI, A. France, c.1870, OIM Microscopes = OXF, Phillips 7/28/82; Heliochronometer = Soth. 3/25/86. the microscope at Phillips was marked "E. Hartnack et A. Prazmouski, A. Prazmouski Sucr."; Hartnack and Prazmouski were partners c.1865-70. 1 Rue Bonaparte, Paris. Dewhirst; RSW.
PREDARY England, c.1841, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. may have been a dealer. Manchester. Goodison 1.
PREGELL, THOMAS Germany, fl.1617-29, MIM Astrolabe, 1629 = VIE (ICA-560); Diptych Sundial, 1617 = Greppin Coll. = Koller 11/17/75; Sundial, ivory, 1619 = AMST; Sundial, 1617 = de Longrée Coll; Diptych Sundial = P.C.; Sundials = Fremersdorf Coll. (1623), BRE (1629). alternative spelling was "Prögel." Nürnberg (1617); Zwickau. Zinner 1; Gunther 1; Michel 2; Price 1; Mörzer Bruyns 1; GHD; RSW.
PREIST England, c.1782, PHIM Hydrometer = Christie-SK 11/19/87. RSW.
PRENLICE, J. misreading for John Prentice.
PRENTICE, CHARLES F. USA, 1854-1946, MIM OIM SIM son of James Prentice; worked with his father as James Prentice and Son 1883-97; then incorporated as James Prentice and Son Company until 1924. New York, N.Y. Smart 1.
PRENTICE, JAMES England; USA, 1812-88, MIM NIM PHIM SIM Clinometer = D.(1971); Sextant = MYS; Wye Level = D.(1994). apprenticed to John Beal in London for seven years; came to the U.S.A. in 1842; worked alone 1846-83; formed a partnership with his son, Dr. Charles Prentice as Prentice and Son, c. 1883, in New York, N.Y.; 1994 D. is signed "New York." London; 315 Broadway (1853-54), New York, N.Y.(1842-88). Smart 1; USNM; Moskowitz 103; Garcelon 33.
PRENTICE, JAMES, AND SON USA, fl.1883-97, MIM SIM James Prentice and his son, Dr. Charles F. Prentice. New York, N.Y. Smart 1.
PRENTICE, JAMES, AND SON COMPANY USA, fl.1897-1924, MIM OIM SIM incorporated 1897 and dissolved in 1924; Dr. Charles F. Prentice as president. New York, N.Y. Smart 1.
PRES. R.L.S.P. 1725, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1725 = NMM-Caird. sundials mounted on base; globe is hand-painted. NMM 2.
PRESBURY, WILLIAM England, c.1674, member of the Spectaclemakers' Company, c.1674. London. Crawforth 6.
PRESL, MATHIAS J. Germany, 17th Century, MIM Universal Ring Sundial = VIE; Theodolite = KRE; Graphometer = KRE. Aussee. Michel 3; Zinner 1.
PRESTINARI AND VANINO England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie 11/2/72. RSW.
PRESTON, E., AND SONS England, c.1861, MIM Slide-Rule, Carrett-type = P.C. Birmingham. Delehar 2.
PRESTON, GRANT England, c.1832, NIM made liquid compasses. London. Taylor 2(1968); J.A. Bennett 2.
PRETZFELDER, I.C. Germany, 1746, MIM Perpetual Calendar, pewter, 1746 = WHI (FIT). Nürnberg. Price 2; Bryden 16.
PRICE 1 see Hill and Price.
PRICE 2 England, c.1830, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth., 6/6/96. London. RSW.
PRICE AND SCOTT England, 1715, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1715 = BM. Charles Price and Benjamin Scott. at the Mariner and Globe at Exeter Exchange Street in the Strand; at the Atlas against Exeter Exchange in the Strand (1715); both in London. Tyacke 1; J. Brown 1; Calvert 2.
PRICE, C. see I. Sellars and C. Price.
PRICE, C., AND I. SENEX England, fl.1707-10, MIM miniature globes; "Geographers"; "New and Correct Globe with ye Trade Winds, etc." London. Krogt 2.
PRICE, C.W. England, c.1850, NIM Sextant = Bearnes 9/17/86. Bristol. RSW.
PRICE, CHARLES England, fl.1697-1744, MIM Terrestrial Globe, on stand, 1715 = Christie 5/26/76; Terrestrial Globe, miniature, with case = D.(1981). apprenticed to John Seller 1 of the Merchant Taylors' Company in 1694; free of the Company in 1703; partner with Jeremiah Seller, 1697-1705; worked with John Senex, 1710-13; partner of Benjamin Scott, 1714-15; T.C.; see Seller and Price. see Price, Charles (Cont.) see Price, Charles (Cont.)
PRICE, CHARLES (CONT.) at the Hermitage in Wapping (1700-05) and at the shop next the Fleece Tavern in Cornhill (1703-06); at their house in Whites-Alley, Coleman Street (1707-10); at the Archimedes and Globe in Ludgate Street (1710); at the Lisbon Coffee-House behind the Royal Exchange (1713-15); at the Atlas against Exeter Exchange in ye Strand (1715); at the Sign of the Mariner and Globe, Strand (1718); of Hammersmith, in Westminster Hall (1727-30); at Strand-Bridge in the Strand (1731); in the Fleet Prison (1731); all in London. Tyacke 1; J. Brown 1; Calvert 2; Wynter 1; Daumas 1; Evans 1; Taylor 1(420) & 2(104); Krogt 2; Wynter and Turner; Crawforth 6 and 8; RSW.
PRICE, HENRY England, c.1846, MIM PHIM London. Dewhirst.
PRICE, RICHARD England, c.1801, MIM rule maker. Mills Court, Slaney Street, Birmingham. Bryden 9.
PRICE, WILLIAM England, fl.1830-38, MIM OIM PHIM 115 Fetter Lane, London. Taylor 2(1969).
PRICHARD, ZEBEDIAH England, c.1669, MIM apprenticed to Walter Hayes of the Grocers' Company on July 5, 1661; free of the Company, June 17, 1669. J. Brown 1.
PRIEST England, c.1835, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Newark. Goodison 1.
PRIESTLY, THOMAS England; Russia, c.1830, MIM Sundials = P.C., Christie 12/18/74; Terrestrial Globe = MLL. the sundial in a private collection and the globe are in Russian characters. Moscow. Schmidt; Chenakal 1; RSW.
PRIEUR, JEAN-BAPTISTE France, c.1725, PHIM Barometer = MADEX-1197 = PAC. Hooke-type two-liquid barometer, mounted on a carved wooden panel. rue Ste. Marguerite Faubourg St. Antoine, Paris. Middleton 1; RSW.
PRIEUT, G. France, c.1580, MIM Sundial in lid of a watch = X. Moreux.
PRIMAVESI AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie-SK 1/22/88. Wareham. RSW.
PRIMAVESI BROS. 1 England, PHIM Stick Barometer = Gloucester Museum. Poole and Wareham. Goodison 1.
PRIMAVESI BROS. 2 England, c.1875, OIM Telescope = Soth. 9/20/83. Bournemouth. RSW.
PRIMAVESI, D. England, c.1850, agent for Robert M. Barrett. Cardiff. RSW.
PRIMAVESI, F. England, c.1845, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. see F. Primavesi and Son; see F. Primavesi and Sons. Goodison 1.
PRIMAVESI, F., AND SON England, c.1850, NIM OIM Sextant, ebony = P-B Sale. Cardiff and Swansea. RSW.
PRIMAVESI, F., AND SONS England, c.1850, NIM OIM Telescope = PMS. Cardiff and Swansea. RSW.
PRIMAVESI, FRANS Holland, fl.1740-60, PHIM Thermometer = UTR. according to Crommelin, thermometer is signed "L. Primavesi." Amsterdam. Crommelin 1; Middleton 1; Rooseboom 1.
PRIMAVESI, JEAN Italy; Holland, c.1750, PHIM Barometer = UTR. signed "L. Primaves." Amsterdam. Middleton 1.
PRIMAVESI, L.P. Holland, c.1760, PHIM associated with his father, Frans Primavesi. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1.
PRIMAVESI, LODK. Holland, c.1771, OIM PHIM Double Barometer = UTR. see Bianchi and Primavesi; see Bianchi, Primavesi and Co.; made thermometers. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1; Daumas 1; Middleton 1; RSW.
PRIMAVESI, PETER England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. 7 Greville Street, Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
PRIN, GEORGES France, fl.1903-1934, MIM OIM SIM made transit circles and telescope mounts; succeeded Paul Gautier in 1910; for several years the firms of Prin and Secretan were joined as Ets. Secretan, Epry et Jacquelin successeurs. Paris. H.C. King 1; Daumas 1; USNM.
PRINCE, A. Ireland, OIM Telescope, three-draw = Christie 11/24/76. Waterford. RSW.
PRINCE, JOHN USA, 1751-1836, MIM PHIM Rev. John Prince; made and improved instruments. Salem, Mass. Bedini 1; Burstyn; Genuth 1.
PRINE misreading for Prins. RSW.
PRINS, HENDRIK Holland, fl.1730-60, OIM PHIM Thermometers, mercurial = TEY, Leigh and Soth. 3/23/1790, Langford and Son 4/5/1769; Thermometers, LEY(3), UTR (1758); Barometers = LEY, UTR; Telescope = LEY. apprenticed to Fahrenheit; succeeded him in 1736. Amsterdam. Crommelin 1; Rooseboom 1; Daumas 1; Mörzer Bruyns 2; G.L'E. Turner 24; USNM; Dewhirst; Middleton 1; A.J. Turner 10; RSW.
PRIO., IO. FRAN. Italy, 1597, MIM Pin-gnomon Sundial, oval, 1597 = Ecouen (Cl. 1312). also marked "S. H.L."; decorated with cherubs. RSW.
PRIOR, THOMAS USA, 1760, MIM Sundial, copper, 1760 = Museum, Pa. Philadelphia, Pa. Antiques, June 1925.
PRIOR, W.R., AND CO. England, OIM Microscope = K. and C. 5/23/7? London. RSW.
PRITCHARD, ANDREW England, 1804-82, MIM OIM PHIM Microscopes = D.(1971),(1984),(1985),(1986), Soth. 7/10/67, 2/25/86, etc. apprenticed to Cornelius Varley in the Spectaclemakers' Company in 1832; free of the Company on Jan. 9, 1839; made first diamond lens with Varley; made jewel lenses; showed in the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London; T.C.; author. 18 Pickett Street (1827-29) and (1831-35); 312 Strand (1833-34); 263 Strand (1836-37); 162 Fleet Street (1837); all in London. Taylor 2(1199); Court and von Rohr 3(250); Moskowitz 103; Coffeen 14; Dewhirst; G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
PRITT England, 19th Century, MIM Garden Sundial, bronze = D. "Maker"; 53° 45'. Moskowitz 121.
PROCIOP, A. Italy?, 18th Century, MIM Ring Sundial = Galerie am Neumarkt 10/19/72. RSW.
PROCKTER, MARMADUKE LYDE England, c.1786, apprenticed to Michael Dancer in the Joiners' Company on Jan. 24, 1786. Crawforth 7.
PROCTOR England, c.1740, MIM Ring Sundial = WHI. see L. Proctor; see Charles Proctor. Bryden 16.
PROCTOR AND BEATTIE England, OIM Telescope = MYS. London. RSW.
PROCTOR AND BEILBY England, fl.1787-1801, MIM OIM SIM Telescope = PMS; Microscope, Culpeper-type = Soth. 11/27/67; Surveyor's Compass = D.(1980). Price Street (1787); Newhall Street (1797-18)1); both in Birmingham. Bryden 9; Moskowitz; RSW.
PROCTOR BROS. England, c.1740-80, MIM Charles and L. Proctor; made ring sundials. Milk Street, Sheffield. Taylor 2(394).
PROCTOR, CHARLES England, fl.1760-95, MIM Ring Sundials = Evans Coll. = OXF (1760), Soth. 10/17/60. sundials signed "Proctor Sheffield"; brother of L. Proctor. Milk Street, Sheffield. Taylor 2(394); Gunther 2; Evans 1; Michel 3; Earle; RSW.
PROCTOR, G. AND W. England, c.1800, OIM Telescope, 3-draw = D.(1986). London. Coffeen 12.
PROCTOR, GEORGE England, c.1818, OIM optician; see Proctor and Beilby. Newhall Street, Birmingham. Bryden 9.
PROCTOR, L. England, 18th Century, MIM Ring Sundial = OXF. for 53° latitude; brother of Charles Proctor; see Proctor. Milk Street, Sheffield. Taylor 2(394); Gunther 2; Evans 1; Bryden 16; RSW.
PROCTOR, WILLIAM England, fl.1808-30, OIM took out patents for hardware. Bell Street, Trippel Lane, Sheffield. Taylor 2(1200).
PROFATIUS, JUDAEUS France, c.1236-c.1304, MIM Profeit Tibbon (Jacob ben Machir); wrote on the universal astrolabe in 1263 and also on the quadrans novus. Provence; Montpelier. Maddison 1; Poulle 2 and 3; Gunther 2; Michel 3; A.J. Turner 10.
PROGEL Prögel see Pregell. Michel 3.
PROSCH, ANDREW USA, fl.1846-97, MIM NIM New York, N.Y. USNM.
PROSCH, GEORGE USA, fl.1834-43, MIM PHIM mechanician. 19 Canal Street (1834-35); 44 Watts Street (1835-36); 27 Jones Street (1838-39); 140 Nassau Street (1841-43); all in New York, N.Y. USNM.
PRUDENT, L. France, fl.1836-62, NIM OIM "Lorgnettes de théatre de marine et de campagne." rue de Chabrol 20, Paris. USNM.
PRUJEAN, JOHN England, fl.1667-1701, MIM Astrolabe, wood and paper, 1670 = OXF; Quadrants, wood and paper = OXF, NMM; Quadrants = ADL-A203, KEN, D.(1974), Soth. 6/9/77, OXF. the astrolabe is ICA-314; the ADL quadrant was found on an English beach. New College Lane, Oxford. Gunther 1; Price 1; ICA 2; Michel 2 & 3; Maddison 1; RSW. Dewhirst; Taylor 1(322); ADL.
PRYOR, THOMAS USA, fl.1778-1801, MIM NIM loyalist. Philadelphia, Pa. Bedini 8.
PUCHNER, PAULUS 1577, designed an artillery level. RSW.
PUGH, FRANCIS ROBERT GEORGE England, c.1841, apprenticed to William Green 2 in the Joiners' Company on July 6, 1841. Crawforth 7.
PUKE, I. England, c.1790, MIM Garden Sundial = Soth. 9/20/83. London. RSW.
PULHAM, S. England, c.1750, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth. 7/16/76. near Harleston, Weybread, Suffolk. RSW.
PULLEN, D. England, 1712, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1712 = D.(1967). ten inches in diameter. RSW.
PULLEN, JAMES England, c.1669, MIM apprenticed for eight years to William Elmes on Oct. 20, 1669. J. Brown 3.
PULMAN, P. England, 18th Century, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Axminster. Goodison 1; Baillie 1.
PULMANN, JACOB see Hans Bulmann; Zinner 1.
PULSFORD, GEORGE England, c.1848, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. barometer signed "G. Pulsford." 36 Charles Street, Hatton Garden, London. Goodison 1.
PURCHON, GEORGE England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X (2). Glass House. Goodison 1.
PURDEN, J. England, c.1770, PHIM Stick Barometer = P.C.(1975). may be John Purden. London. RSW.
PURDEN, JOHN England, c.1764, apprenticed to Thomas Newman 1 of the Grocers' Company on Aug. 7, 1764; may be the same as J. Purden. J. Brown 1.
PURMANN, MARCUS Germany, fl.1588-1616, MIM made astronomical compendiums and various types of sundials and clocks dating from 1588 through 1616; examples of his work can be seen at VIE, Prague Alte Sternwarte, NUR, MUN, ex-Coll. Michel, LIE, Geneva Museum, OXF, HAK, DEU, NOR, BM, ZUR, etc. "Uhr und Compassmacher"; see also "M.P." 3. Munich. Zinner 1; Maddison 1; Hamilton 2; Lübke; Michel 1, 2 & 3; Price 2 & 3; Ward 4; Skopova 2; Engelmann 1; RSW.
PURMANS, M. Astronomical Compendium = ADL-W58. forgery; the mis-spelling comes from Rohde. Michel 1; ADL; RSW.
PURRINI, BART. Italy, 1780, OIM Microscope, 1780 = D.(1973). Siena. Garisenda Antiquariato.
PUSCHNER, JOHANN GEORG Germany, fl.1720-51, MIM Planetarium in an Armillary Sphere, 1751 = BAM; made many terrestrial and celestial globes dated from 1720 through 1751; examples can be seen in most principal museums. engraver and noted mechanician; see Dopplemayr and Puschner. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Michel 3; RSW.
PUTMAN, JACOB USA, 18th Century, MIM PHIM Surveyor's Compass = Vermont Historical Society, Montpelier. USNM.
PUTOIS ET ROCHETTE France, c.1785, OIM PHIM Goniometer, silver = FLO. Paris. Bonelli 1; RSW.
PUTOIS, ETIENNE ANTOINE France, fl.1760-98, OIM supplied Rochon with a telescope for a prismatic micrometer; made achromatic telescopes; succeeded the Veuve Marie, c.1760; breveted in 1788; worked with Grateloup; licensed optician to the king. au Griffon, 67 du Quai de l'Horloge, Paris (1786). Daumas 1; Nachet; Howse 2.
PUYRICHARD France, c.1680, invented a level with telescope in 1680. au Faubourg Saint-Germain, Paris. Daumas 1.
PYEFINCH, ELIZABETH England, c.1786, MIM listed as an umbrella maker and mathematical instrument maker in the directories of 1786; kept the China Warehouse at 30 Bucklersbury; possibly succeeded Henry Pyefinch. 30 Bucklersbury; 45 Cornhill (1786); both in London. Taylor 2(642).
PYEFINCH, HENRY England, 1739-90, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Telescope, Galilean = NMM; Telescope = G. Washington (1780-99); Sector = Christie 12/8/76; Stick Barometer = VAA; Microscopes = Clay Coll., P.C.; Telescope, Gregorian = P.C. apprenticed to Francis Watkins 1 of the Spectaclemakers' Company, June 28, 1753; free of the Company, March 3, 1763; took an apprentice; made globes; T.C.; tok out a patent, with J.H. Magellan, for an improvement to the barometer, 1765. at the Golden Quadrant, Sun and Spectacles, No. 67 Cornhill, between Bishopsgate Street and the Royal Exchange; 64 Cornhill (1765); 45 Cornhill (1782-91); all in London. Taylor 2(642); Goodison 1; Court and von Rohr 3(164); Calvert 2; Crawforth 1; Bedini 8; NMM 2; Clay and Court; A.J. Turner 10; Tyler; RSW.
PYM, THOMAS England, c.1721, MIM apprenticed to John Wells 2 of the Clockmakers' Company on Jan. 18, 1714; free of the Company on Jan. 15, 1721. J. Brown 3.
PYOTT, J. England, NIM Sextant = Christie-SK 1/27/86. 74 West India Dock Road, London. RSW.
PYPENS Holland, c.1809, MIM Eindhoven. Rooseboom 1.

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This page was generated Wed Mar 29 00:14:45 CDT 2017 .