Webster Signature Database Search Results

Important note: Most of these instruments are not in the Adler collection (which you can find more information about here). We know nothing about them beyond the information returned by searching this database. You may be able to learn more by contacting the institutions in the "Instruments" column, or by consulting the "References" listed.

Your search for signatures starting with N yielded 245 entries. Displaying entries 1–245.
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Signature Maker Info Instruments Comments Location References
N. 1 MIM Cruciform Sundial, silver = Koller 11/17/75. signed "N. 46" on the cover. RSW.
N. 2 c.1809-19, MIM Compass, silver, with case = Drouot 4/26/67. the "N" has a crown over it. RSW.
N.A. England, fl.1731-65, stands for New Astronomer, a pseudonym for William Ross which see ; he invented a type of ring sundial called a Rossisphere in 1733; there is an example at OXF; author. Taylor 2(222 & 301).
N.C. France, 1797, MIM Horizontal Sundial, cast pewter, 1792 = Nouveau Drouot 5/20/88. RSW.
N.D. Habermel-type Astrolabe = Michel Coll. Price 2.
N.G.H. c.1790, MIM marked on a cartographic surveying rule signed "K.L.C." (1) under a crown. Christie-SK 11/27/86.
N.H. 1764, MIM Garden Sundial, 1764 = Den Gamle By, Aarhus. RSW.
N.M. 1 Germany, 1649, MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory, 1649 = Huelsman Coll. Nikolaus Miller 2. Nürnberg. Syndram; RSW.
N.M. 2 USA, 1760?, MIM Window Sundial, small = D.(1989). perhaps related to Josiah Miller. Moskowitz 132.
N.N. England, 1611, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1611 = Hartshead, Yorkshire. Hartshead, Yorkshire. Gatty.
N.V. Italy, 1853, MIM Pillar Sundial, wood, 1853 = ADL-W137. ADL; RSW.
NACHET ET FILS France, pre-1851-1881 and 1892 on, OIM Microscopes = K. & C. 6/21/75, Phillips 5/20/75; etc. Camille Sébastien Nachet and son; the firm of A. Nachet changed its name back to Nachet et Fils in 1892. rue Saint-Séverin 17, Paris. USNM; G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
NACHET, A. France, fl.1881-92, OIM Microscope = D.(1989). successor to Nachet et Fils; the firm changed its name back to Nachet et Fils in 1892. Paris. Moskowitz 132.
NACHET, CAMILLE SEBASTIEN France, 1799-1881, OIM Microscopes = D.(1972), D.(1984); etc. Camille Sébastien Nachet started business with Vincent Chevalier; established his own firm c.1840; made microscopes. rue Voltaire (1819); rue Serpente 16; both in Paris. Daumas 1; Pipping 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; Coffeen F; Moskowitz 104; Brieux; Warner 13.
NAFTEL, PAUL England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 2/4/77. Guernsey. RSW.
NAGLER, JOHN USA, fl.1810-30, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = Wachovia Museum, Old Salem, North Carolina. Winston-Salem, North Carolina. USNM.
NAHMENS, NAHMEN Germany, 1704-68, NIM Octant with Compass = X. Zinner 1.
NAIME misreading for Nairne. Phillips 9/10/86.
NAIRN variant spelling for Nairne. RSW.
NAIRNE AND BLUNT England, fl.1774-93, MIM NIM OIM PHIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums including FLO, WHI, MLL, COO, BAR, UTR, LEY, SUN, KEN, OXF, CNAM, PMM, Burton Constable, etc. Edward Nairne and Thomas Blunt 1; Blunt had been apprenticed to Nairne from 1760 to 1771. 20 Cornhill, London. Taylor 2(750); Goodison 1; Bell 2; Moskowitz; Wynter; RSW; Dewhirst; Daumas 1; Bonelli 1; J.A.Bennett 1 and 2; Middleton 1.
NAIRNE, EDWARD England, 1726-1806, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM made a wide range of well engraved instruments including; barometers, electrical machines, telescopes, sundials, rules, a mariner's astrolabe (NMM-52), etc.; examples may be seen at ADL, UTR, MLL, MAN, USNM, FLO, NMM, OMM, SWE, HAR, OXF, WHI. apprenticed to Matthew Loft of the Spectaclemakers' Company on Feb. 2, 1741; free of the Company by Redemption, Jan. 26, 1748; Master of the Company 1759, 1774, 1796-97; took apprentices; partner with Thomas Blunt 1, 1774-93; "Mathematical Instrument Maker to His Majesty"; T.C. at the Golden Spectacles, Reflecting Telescopes and Hadley's Quadrant, in Cornhill, opposite the Royal Exchange, London. Taylor 2(388); O. Brown 1; Calvert 2; Engelmann 1; DNB; DSB; Crawforth 1 & 7; Maddison 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; Goodison 1; J.A. Bennett 1 and 2; A. Stimson 3; Garcia Franco; ADL; RSW.
NAPIER, D., AND SON England, c.1848, NIM Mariner's Compass = AMST. patented "Captain's Registering Compass" in 1848. 8 and 9 Vine Street, York Road, Lambeth. London. Mörzer Bruyns 1; Chaldecott 3; RGO.
NAPIER, JOHN Scotland, 1550-1617, Baron Merchiston; published a work on logarithms in 1614 and invented two calculating devices called "Napier's Bones" and a more complicated version called the "Promptuary", in 1617. Merchiston. DNB; DSB; G.L'E. Turner 24; Tomash; etc.
NARCAL, FEITA Brazil, c.1720, NIM Compass, 1720 = LIM. Rio de Janeiro. RSW.
NARCISS, THEODOR AUGUST see Theodor August Narzis. RSW.
NARCY MIM Universal Ring Sundial = Soth. 1/22/73 = D.(1997). modern work; this looks like the work of the forger Williams. "Paris." Brieux 4; Coffin 58; RSW.
NARRIEN, JOHN England, fl.1805-25, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Sectors, ivory and brass = Soth. 12/15/78, Armand 10/11/90; Stick Barometer = D.(1986); Theodolite = D.(1973). Soth. sector is part of a set of drawing instruments. 70 St. James's Street, London. Taylor 2(1186); Wynter and Turner; RSW.
NARRIEU, JOHN misprint for John Narrien. RSW.
NARZIS, THEODOR AUGUST Germany, 1721-73, MIM Sundial, octagonal, 1766 = ULM. compass in lid; marked "Stuckjunker." Ulm. Zinner 1; Evans 1; RSW.
NASH, F.M. USA, fl.1866-71, MIM SIM a partner in Blunt and Nichols with Edmund Blunt 2 and John H. Nichols who was Blunt's uncle; later was a partner in Blunt and Co. (1868-71), with William Sinclair Blunt; then on his own, made surveying instruments. New York, N.Y. Smart 1.
NASH, JOHN 1 England, fl.1664-90, MIM apprenticed to Walter Hayes of the Grocers' Company; free of the Company in 1664; admitted as a Brother to the Clockmakers' Company, Feb. 24, 1668; took apprentices; also sold maps and globes; had some faulty rules seized in 1672. at the Sign of the Globe, within Aldgate, London. J. Brown 1 & 3; Taylor 1(310); Clay and Court.
NASH, JOHN 2 England, c.1717, MIM apprenticed to William Bennett of the Clockmakers' Company on April 4, 1709; free of the Company, Oct. 7, 1717; J. Brown 1 reported that Nash took over Thomas Clark 1 as an apprentice from Charles Crick 1 of the Grocers' Company on July 16, 1697 though these dates do not agree; it may be that this is John Nash 1, though the dates are off also. London. J. Brown 1 & 3.
NASH, REUBEN USA, 1786, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass, 1786 = Vermont Historical Society. Benson, Vermont. USNM.
NASH, THOMAS England, fl.1717-69, MIM apprenticed to William Bennett of the Clockmakers' Company on Aug. 10, 1708; free of the Company, Oct. 7, 1717. London. J. Brown 3.
NATHAN, ADOLPH c.1850, PHIM Stick Barometer = Den Gamle By, Aarhus. "opticus." RSW.
NATHAN, ELIAS England, c.1830, OIM 1 Old Millgate, London. Taylor 2(1946).
NAVARRE, FRANCOIS France, fl.1760-78, OIM Telescopes, Gregorian = Auction, Versailles 5/6/79, CNAM, P.C. in 1760 brevetted "ingénieur Ordinaire en instruments de Physique et de Mathématiqus Privilégié de Monseigneur le Duc de Bourgogne" elder grandson of Louis XV; worked with Dom Noël. Quai de l'Horloge, Paris. Daumas 1; Augarde; RSW.
NAYLOR 1 England, c.1722, PHIM made weather-glasses. Black Lion, Longacre, London. Smart 1.
NAYLOR 2 England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Halifax. Goodison 1.
NAYLOR, T. England, c.1800, PHIM Stick Barometer = Hutchinson-Scott Auctioneers, 6/14/94. barometer maker. Lowestoft; Halifax. Bell 2; RSW.
NAZE, JEAN France, 1553, MIM Astrolabe, 1553 = Musée, Lyon; Astronomical Table Clock = CLU. ICA-2000 Lyon. Destombes et Brieux; Brieux 3; ICA 2.
NEAL, MISTER England, MIM globe maker; probably John Neale. London. Bedini 8.
NEALE, HENRY England, fl.1686-95, MIM PHIM Set of Weights D.(1971); Money Balance = Gabb Coll. = NMM. T.C.; Moskowitz thought c.1775. at ye end of St. Bartholomew Lane, near the Royal Exchange, London. Calvert 2; Taylor 1(446); Moskowitz 102.
NEALE, JOHN England, fl.1743-58, MIM OIM PHIM Stick Barometer = X; Waywiser = X. author; watchmaker; made miniature orreries, globes, electrical machines, etc.; often signed "J. Neal"; he attempted to publish John Bevis' Star Atlas in 1750 but went bankrupt. Leadenhall Street, London. Taylor 2(389); Goodison 1; Dewhirst; Lattin; Clay and Court; Gingerich 1.
NEBEL France, c.1795, MIM SIM Graphometers = WHI, MYS, Auction, Honfleur 6/17/79; Sector = P.C.; Folding Square = P.C. au Butterfield, Paris. Price 12; Brieux 2; Olivia Brown 1; RSW.
NEEVES, RICHARD England, fl.1857-60, PHIM barometer and thermometer maker. 3 Regent Place, Grays Inn Road, London. Goodison 1.
NEEVES, WILLIAM England, c.1838, MIM PHIM 17 Great St. Andrew Street, London. Taylor 2(2193).
NEFF, W.C. AND J. USA, fl.1848-69, MIM NIM PHIM manufactured electro-magnetic machines. Philadelphia, Pa. USNM.
NEGELEIN, N.G. Germany, c.1830, MIM Diptych Sundials, wood and paper = UTR, ADL-N15, OXF, D.(1977), P.C., Delft Sundial Exhibition; Magnetic Compass, small, boxwood = D.(1971). the magnetic compass has a multi-colored compass rose printed in English. Nürnberg a Bavaria. Zinner 1; Michel 3; Evans 1; de Rijk; Giordano 2; Moskowitz 102; ADL; RSW.
NEGRATTI, H. England, c.1839, PHIM barometer and thermometer maker; possibly Henry Negretti but he is not known at this address. 2 Dorrington Street, London. Goodison 1.
NEGRETTI England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. 36 Redcliff Street, Bristol. Goodison 1.
NEGRETTI AND CO. 1 England, PHIM Marine Barometer = Gloucester Museum; Wheel Barometer = Phillips 9/10/86; Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 6/24/88. Henry Negretti; the barometer at Christie-SK was signed "Negretti & Co., fecit, London." 19 Leather Lane, London. Goodison 1; RSW.
NEGRETTI AND CO. 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. 35 Pike Street, Plymouth. Goodison 1.
NEGRETTI AND ZAMBRA England, 1850-present, MIM OIM PHIM sundials; telescopes; microscopes; barometers; thermometers; hygrometers; etc. Henry Negretti and Joseph Warren Zambra became partners in 1850, this continued until the death of Negretti in 1879; the firm was carried on by the sons of Negretti and of Zambra and still exists under the same name; T.C.; "Opticians and Meteorological Instrument Makers to Her Majesty"; patented an improvement for barometers in 1861. 11 Hatton Garden; 1 Hatton Garden; branch at 122 Regent Street (1862-present); 38 Holborn Viaduct (1870-1941). G.L'E. Turner 24; W.J. Read; Daumas 1; Moskowitz; Middleton1; Goodison 1; RSW.
NEGRETTI AND ZAMORA England, c.1773, PHIM Angle Barometer = Christie 4/19/78. the perpetual calendar on the barometer runs from 1773-1872; this must be a misreading for Negretti and Zambra and the early date taken from the perpetual calendar. RSW.
NEGRETTI, ENRICO ANGELO LUDOVICO see Henry Negretti. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(2194); Bell 2.
NEGRETTI, G. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Liverpool. Goodison 1.
NEGRETTI, GAETONO England; USA, fl.1841-52, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. the barometer is signed "G. Negretti, Manchester." 4 Thomas Street, Manchester (1841); New York, N.Y. (1850-52). Goodison 1; Warner 5.
NEGRETTI, H., AND CO. England, c.1840, PHIM Stick Barometer = Christie-Sk 10/20/89. 19 Leather Lane, London. RSW.
NEGRETTI, HENRY Italy; England, 1818-79, MIM OIM PHIM Magnetic Sundial, brass case = Soth. 11/13/61; Wheel Barometer = KEN; etc. Enrico Angelo Ludovico Negretti; came to England in 1830; he was apprenticed to Francis Augustus Pizzala 1 in 1838; Read thought he was apprenticed to C. Tagliabue; glassblower, in 1840; Middleton thought he was working with John Ronketti in 1840; worked for M. Pizzi from 1843, and later for his widow; philosophical instrument maker by 1849; formed a partnership with Joseph Warren Zambra in 1850 which continued until Negretti's death in 1879; the firm was carried on by sons of Negretti and of Zambra and still exists under that name. see NEGRETTI, HENRY (cont.)
NEGRETTI, HENRY (CONT.) 20 Greville Street (1840); 17 Leather Lane, Holborn (1841-45); 9 Hatton Garden (1849); all in London. Taylor 2(2194); Goodison 1; Bell 2; Daumas 1; W.J. Read; G.L'E. Turner 24; Middleton 1; RSW.
NEGRETTI, L., AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Liverpool. Goodison 1.
NEGRETTI, L., AND SON England, 19th Century, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Phillips 4/20/83. Portsmouth. RSW.
NEGRINI, C. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X (2). Tenterden. Goodison 1.
NEHR, F.C. England, 18th Century, MIM Armillary Sundial = Magdalen College, Oxford. Greenwich. Gunther 2.
NEIL, SIR PAUL England, c.1650, OIM telescope maker "of high repute." USNM; Dewhirst.
NEILL BROS. Ireland, fl.1850-63, PHIM Stick Barometer = VNN. probably the sons of Robert Neill. 23 High Street, Belfast. Morrison-Low and Burnett; RSW.
NEILL, JR. AND J. Ireland, c.1860, NIM Sextant = Bearne's 1/25/89. may be Neill Bros., which see. Belfast. RSW.
NEILL, ROBERT, AND SONS Ireland, fl.1842-46, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. barometer signed "Neill and Sons." 25 High Street, Belfast. Goodison 1; Morrison-Low and Burnett.
NEIRNE misreading for Nairne. Dewhirst.
NELLE MESURE "nouvelle mesure", the new metric measure of the French Revolution. RSW.
NELLSON, R. England, 1738, MIM Sundial, 1738 = X. Gatty.
NELME, LEMUEL DOLE England, c.1750, T.C.; dealer in ships' merchandise; etc. at his office in Exchange Alley, London. Crawforth 1.
NELSON, JOSEPH England, fl.1703-08, MIM supplied all sorts of sundials; a surveyor. Colchester, Essex. Taylor 1(541).
NELSON, OLIVER Ireland, 1771, MIM Sundial, 1771 = Soth. 3/10/87. he was "printer to the Honourable City of Dublin." Dublin. RSW.
NELSON, WILLIAM Ireland, fl.1830-62, OIM PHIM Telescope built into a cane = ADL-A56; Marine Barometer = X. barometer signed "Nelson Dublin"; optician, spectacle maker and jeweler. 21 Essex Quay (1830-31); 20 Essex Quay (1832); 24 Essex Quay (1833); 37 Lower Ormond Quay (1834-39); all in Dublin. Bryden 9; Goodison 1; Morrison-Low and Burnett; ADL; RSW.
NELSON, WILLIAM H. England, fl.1840-62, MIM OIM may be the same as William Nelson or maybe his son. 37 Lower Ormond Quay (1840-44); 42 Lower Ormond Quay (1845-51); 66 Dame Street (1852-62); all in Dublin. Morrison-Low and Burnett.
NEMES, JOHN England, fl.1724-53, MIM Sundials = OXF, AMST; Horizontal Sundial = Soth. 9/20/83; Compass Sundials = Soth. 10/18/74, 10/20/75 and 3/10/87-99, WHI-1192. apprenticed to his father, Robert, in the Clockmakers' Company in June, 1710; freed as a Brother in the Company, June 18, 1724; the horizontal and compass sundials are signed on the paper compass roses inside the lids of the cases; some of the signatures show as "I. Nemes." London. Taylor 2(199); Mörzer Bruyns 1; Gunther 2; Evans 1; Weil 25; Crawforth 8; Baillie 1; Britten; Bryden 16; RSW.
NEMES, ROBERT see John Nemes. Britten.
NEMES, T. England, MIM Compass Sundials = ADL-W231, D.; Diptych Sundial = Einsiedeln Stift. Taylor 2(199); Crawforth 8; Weil 25; Zinner 1; ADL; RSW.
NENZELIUS, OLOF Sweden, 1728-1804, MIM clock and instrument maker, amateur. Lund. Pipping 1.
NEPHEW, CHARLES India, 19th Century, MIM Equatorial Sundial = Soth. 2/25/86. Calcutta. RSW.
NEPHEW, CHARLES, AND CO. India, 19th Century, MIM Pocket Compass = Soth. 4/27/72; Inclinable Sundial = ADL-N24; Universal Equatorial Sundial = Soth. 12/16/63; Horizontal Sundial = Soth. 12/16/63. Calcutta. ADL; RSW.
NEPOS GEMMA FRISIUS Gualterus Arsenius, which see. RSW.
NERICE, BERNARDO Italy, 1762, MIM Sundial, brass, on a marble base, 1762 = Goldschmied Coll. = NMM-Caird. Lucca. NMM 2.
NESBITT, JOHN England, PHIM Balance, large = D.(1976). 42 Market Street, Manchester. RSW.
NESSY France?, MIM Sundial = Hayden Planetarium, Boston. USNM.
NESTFELL, JOHANN GEORG Germany, 1694-1762, MIM Planetaria = Natural History Museum, Vienna (1753), BAM, WUR; Quadrant, (1762) = DEU; Table Sundial = Pommersfelden Schloss. King said Vienna mechanism was very similar to that in the George Graham tellurian at ADL. Bamberg; Würzberg (1753). Maurice 1; H.C. King 2; Michel 3; Zinner 1; ADL; RSW.
NETHERWOOD, JOB England, c.1689, MIM apprenticed to Clement Foster of the Clockmakers' Company on Dec.16, 1689. J. Brown 3.
NETINI, PAULUS CONSTANTINI Italy, fl.1820-40, MIM Sundials on papier-maché snuff boxes, 1820 & 1840 = Drecker Coll. Evans 1.
NEUHAUS Austria, c.1800, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = P.C. Vienna. RSW.
NEUHOFER UND SOHN Austria, MIM Alidade = Technical Museum, Warsaw. Vienna. RSW.
NEUMAN, JOHANN-BAPTIST Austria, 17th Century, MIM Sundial, gilt-brass = Michel Coll. Vienna. Michel 3.
NEUMANN, BALTHASAR Germany, 1712, MIM Sundial, 1712 = DEU-2829; Sectors = WUR (1713), P.C. artillery officer; P.C. sector is architectural. Price 2; Daumas 1; Zinner 1; RJW; RSW.
NEUSSHART Germany, 1750, MIM String-gnomon Sundial, 1750 = ULM. also marked "P.M.L.P.N." Ulm. RSW.
NEVE, GUILLIAM DE Holland, c.1623, PHIM balance maker; T.C. dated 1623. Amsterdam. Soth. 11/16/87.
NEVE, P. France, c.1820, MIM Planetarium = Soth. 12/16/63; Planetarium, wood and paper = Soth. 12/17/62. rue de l'Hirondelle, 22, Paris. RSW.
NEWALL, R.S. England, c.1946, MIM Capuchin-type Sundials = WHI (4). modern. Bryden 16.
NEWBERY, WILLIAM England, c.1610, MIM apprenticed to Charles Whitwell of the Grocers' Company on Oct. 20, 1610. J. Brown 1.
NEWBOND AND BULFORT England, OIM Telescope, three-draw = Melun 4/24/83. London. RSW.
NEWCOMB AND MANSELL England, PHIM Marine Barometer = X; sextant = PC. Mansell 2. 35, Wapping Liverpool. Goodison 1; WEBDB.
NEWCOMBE, F. England, c.1860, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth. 12/14/89. London. RSW.
NEWDIGATE, FRANCIS England, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = Weschler 5/22/76. RSW.
NEWELL AND BROWNING USA, c.1803, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = Henry Ford Museum, Dearborn, Mich. probably Joseph Newell and Samuel Browning 1. Merchants Row, Boston, Mass. (1803). Smart 1.
NEWELL AND SON USA, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compasses, wood = Andover Historical Society, Mass., Bostonian Society, Old State House, Boston, Mass., P.C. Andrew and Joseph Newell; the compass card in the private collection is also marked "Callender Scp."; some compass cards signed "N. Hurd Sct." East end of Faneuil Hall, Boston, Mass. USNM; Smart 1; Rudd; Warner 12.
NEWELL, ANDREW USA, 1749-98, MIM NIM SIM Surveyor's Compasses, wood = PMS, Philadelphia Maritime Museum, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn., P.C., D.; Backstaff = P.C. "served his time with the late Mr. Dupee"; worked under "the best Masters in London"; Nathaniel Hurd and Joseph Callender engraved the compass cards. King Street 1 (1773); 61 State Street (1789-96); at the East End of the Market (Faneuil Hall) (1798); all in Boston, Mass. Bedini 1 & 8; Smart 1; Price 2; Rudd; Giordano 3; D.J. Warner 8 and 12; RSW.
NEWELL, CHARLES USA, 1783-1809, MIM NIM OIM SIM Surveyor's Compassses = PEA, South Natick Historical Society, Mass. T.C; son of Andrew Newell. 11 Merchants Row, East side of the Market, Boston, Mass.(1805). Bedini 8; Smart 1.
NEWELL, JOSEPH USA, fl.1798-1813, MIM SIM partner with his father, Andrew Newell, 1798; also a ship chandler; partner with Samuel Browning 1 as Newell and Browning. East end of Market (1798); Merchants Row (1800); 11 Merchants Row (1805-1813); all in Boston, Mass. Smart 1.
NEWELL, THEODORE USA, c.1821, MIM made several orreries; farmer; amateur astronomer; held a patent on his orrery. Poultney, Vermont. Bedini 8.
NEWMAN AND SON England, c.1851-62, MIM OIM PHIM SIM John Frederick Newman and his son; taken over by Negretti and Zambra in 1862. London. Middleton 1.
NEWMAN, A.J. England, MIM Set of Drawing Instruments = Soth.-B 3/2/79. RSW.
NEWMAN, ELIZABETH England, 1694, apprenticed to Daniel Thomas in the Clockmakers' Company in 1694. Crawforth 7.
NEWMAN, GEORGE 1 England, c.1769, apprenticed to Robert Tangate 1 in the Joiners' Company on Dec. 5, 1769. Crawforth 7.
NEWMAN, GEORGE 2 England, c.1808, MIM watch and clockmaker who made the movement in Dec., 1808 for an orrery by Thomas Blunt 1; the movement was later repaired by Henry Voight of Philadephia, Pa.; there is a chance that the two George Newmans are the same man. Wynter 1.
NEWMAN, JAMES England, fl.1793-1827, MIM OIM PHIM apprenticed to Thomas Newman 1 of the Grocers' Company, who was possibly his father, in 1793; succeeded him c.1800; made barometers and thermometers. Exeter Exchange, Strand, London. Goodison 1; Daumas 1; Clay and Court; Taylor 2(1015); Middleton 1.
NEWMAN, JOHN FREDERICK England, fl.1816-60, MIM OIM PHIM SIM made many philosophical instruments including barometers, pyrometers electrical machines, also sundials, surveying instruments, rules, etc; examples may be seen at KEN, VEN, USNM, SWE, Royal Institution, etc. most instruments signed "I. Newman" or "J. Newman"; showed an air pump at the Great Exhibition, London, 1851; he was philosophical instrument maker to the Royal Institution; made instruments for the East India Company; developed a portable barometer in 1833; probably succeeded James Newman; bought out by Negretti and Zambra, 1862; T.C.; see Newman and Son. No. 7 and 8 Lisle Street, Leicester Square (1816-25); 109 Regent Street; 122 Regent Street (1827-60); all in London. Taylor 2(1396); Goodison 1; USNM; Price 2; Moskowitz 103; RSW; Evans 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; Chaldecott 3; RGO; Middleton 1.
NEWMAN, S. England, c.1800, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth.-Sussex 9/18/86. 122 Regent Street, London. RSW.
NEWMAN, THOMAS 1 England, fl.1759-1800, MIM PHIM Pantograph = CMY (Cooke Shop). apprenticed to Tycho Wing of the Grocers' Company on Sept. 5, 1751; free of the Company on Jan. 2, 1759; took apprentices; successor to Heath and Wing; T.C.; took James Newman, possibly his son, as apprentice, 1793; James Newman succeeded him c. 1800. Essex Street in the Strand (1759); Shoe Lane (1764); Exeter Change, Strand (1788); all in London. J. Brown 1; Calvert 2; Taylor 2(516); RSW.
NEWMAN, THOMAS 2 England, c.1788, apprenticed to his father, Thomas Newman 1, of the Grocers' Company, on Nov. 6, 1788. J. Brown 1.
NEWMAN, W., AND CO. India, c.1880, MIM Universal Equatorial Sundial = Soth. 1/27/75; Augsburg-type Sundial, round = WHI. Calcutta. Bryden 16; RSW.
NEWMARCH, LEE England, 1824, signature on the back of the compass card of an azimuth compass by Thomas Smith 2. Hull. Moskowitz 102.
NEWSUM, BARTHOLOMEW England, fl.1565-93, MIM Table Sundial = FIN-223 = P.C. = Christie 6/7/72; Case of Drawing Instruments = BM; Compass in Clock = BM; etc. sundial maker to Queen Elizabeth I; a variant spelling is "Newsam." London. Taylor 1(39); Michel 3; Price 3; Ward 4; Clay and Court; RSW.
NEWTON England, fl.1825-50, MIM PHIM Stick Barometer = X; Pair of Globes, 1850 = Soth.-B 2/9/72; Orreries = D.(1973), D.(1986)(2); Terrestrial Globes, miniature = ADL-W53, Focke Museum; Celestial Globe = Grimaldi Coll.; Globe = NMM; Orrery, miniature, case = Cranbrook Institute of Science, Mich.; etc. probably William Newton 2; the ADL globe is signed "Newton's new improved Pocket Globe." 66 Chancery Lane, Fleet Street, London. Calvert 2; Grimaldi; Coffeen F; Wynter 1; Yonge; ADL; RSW.
NEWTON AND BERRY England, 1831, MIM Celestial Globe, 1830 = Christie-SK 11/27/86; Terrestrial Globes, miniature, 1831 = Soth. 9/20/83 and 4/18/88; Terrestrial Globe, in box, 1831 = Soth. 1/27/75; etc. successors to J. and W. Newton; succeeded by Newton Son and Berry. 66 Chancery Lane, London. Taylor 2(1397); RSW.
NEWTON AND CO. England, fl.1861- 85, MIM OIM PHIM Stick Barometer = Phillips 2/14/79; Barometers = Christie 10/26/72, and 12/6/78 (No-433); Inclinometer = WHI; Telescopes, refracting = D.(1972), Soth.-WS 10/18/83; Microscopes = D.(1975), Christie 4/3/85; Sextant, pocket = Soth. 9/20/83; Dumpy Level = Christie 12/18/74; Gyroscopes = Christie 4/9/75, Soth. 3/10/87; Vacuum Pump = Christie-SK 4/17/86; Inclinable Sundial = Phillips 2/14/79; Terrestrial Globe, miniature = Soth. 7/7/78; etc. succeeded Newton and Son; T.C.; "Opticians and Globe Makers to the Queen." 66 Chancery Lane; 3 Fleet Street near Temple Bar; both in London. G.L'E. Turner 24; Dewhirst; Calvert 2; Crawforth 1; Moskowitz 122; Taylor 2(1397); Olivia Brown 1; RSW.
NEWTON AND SON England, fl.1840-61, MIM Terrestrial Globes = H. Ford Museum, Mich (1840), Rutgers U. Library, N.J. (1844); P.C. (2), Phillips 7/20/83 (1845), Maria Mitchell House, Nantucket, Mass. (1849), USNM (1852); Terrestrial Globes, miniature = Soth. 7/7/78, Phillips 4/20/83; Celestial Globes = D.(1974)(1845), Maria Mitchell House (1847), Cambridge Geological School (1861); Pair of Globes on stands with compasses = Christie 4/3/85; Orreries = Soth. 1/27/75, Bonhams 12/4/81; etc. John and William (2) Newton; one terrestrial globe is marked "Newtons New and Improved Terrestrial Globe. Published by Newton and Son"; T.C. 66 Chancery Lane, London. Taylor 2(1397); Dewhirst; Calvert 2; Crawforth 1; Wynter 1; Wynter and Turner; USNM; Olivia Brown 1; Yonge; RSW.
NEWTON AND SONS England, c.1845, MIM Terrestrial Globe, miniature = Christie-SK 11/27/86. Chancery Lane, London. Wynter and Turner; RSW.
NEWTON BROS. England, NIM OIM Sextant = D.(1976); Telescope = Christie-SK 4/14/89. telescope marked "Impd. Day or Night." Hull. RSW.
NEWTON SON AND BERRY England, fl.1830-61, MIM Celestial Globe, miniature = Phillips 10/20/82; Pocket Globe = Soth. 5/6/69; Terrestrial Globes = D.(1987) (1836), Chicago Historical Society, State College, Framingham, Mass.; Celestial Globes = D.(1989) (1839), P.C. (1838). the pocket globe was misread as Newton Sons and Berry; the celestial globe has constellations shown as mathematical instruments, etc.; succeeded Newton and Berry; became Newton and Co. 66 Chancery Lane, London. Taylor 2(1397); Wynter and Turner; Maine Antique Digest, June, 1987; Moskowitz 132; Yonge; RSW.
NEWTON, B., SON AND BERRY England, 1830, MIM Celestial Globe, 1830 = Bracketts 4/27/90. probably misreading for "Newton, Son and Berry." ATD 4/21/90.
NEWTON, E.T. England, c.1830, MIM SIM Telescopic Mining Transits = P.C. (1982), P.C. (1984); Surveying Instrument = Soth. 10/8/71; Altitude Theodolite = Phillips 4/20/83; Sundial = D.(1974); Surveying Compass = X. the altitude theodolite and the sundial are marked "Camborne"; the rest are marked "St. Day, Cornwall"; T.C.; "Successor to the Maker" (William Wilton). Cambourne; St. Day; both in Cornwall. Bryden 9; Crawforth 4; Rienitz; J.A. Bennett 2; RSW.
NEWTON, E.T., AND SON England, c.1860, MIM SIM Theodolite = P.C. (1987). Camborne, Cornwall. RSW.
NEWTON, F.M. England, c.1850, OIM PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth. 10/19/87. optician; probably a retailer of barometers. Leicester. RSW.
NEWTON, ISAAC England, 1643-1727, MIM OIM Wall Sundial = Wolsthorpe, Lincolnshire; Reflecting Telescope = Royal Society. scientist; astromomer; author; F.R.S.; designed and made prototype instruments; constructed a seven mirror burning glass. Wolsthorpe, Lincolnshire; Trinity College, Cambridge. Taylor 1(299) and 2(97); DNB; DSB; Gatty; Price 2; USNM; Spargo 1; I. Bernard Cohen 3; G.L'E. Turner 24; Genuth 2.
NEWTON, J. AND W. England, fl.1815-20, MIM Celestial Globe = Bowes Museum (1804); Pair of Globes, 1820 = P-B 3/4/39; Terrestrial Globes = Bearnes 9/16/87 (15", 1815), H. Ford Museum, Mich. (1820). John and his son William Newton; Ford Museum marked "Newton's New Improved Terrestrial Globe manufactured by J. and W. Newton." No. 66 Chancery Lane, London. Taylor 2(1397); Wynter and Turner; Yonge; RSW.
NEWTON, JAMES England, 1810-68, surely John Newton, which see; some miniature terrestrial globes with cases, marked "Newton's New and Improved Terrestrial Pocket Globe", were thought, incorrectly, by Syndram and Yonge, to be by James Newton; dated 1817-18 at Huelsmann Coll., H. Ford Museum, Mich. VNN and P.C.; celestial globes are at State College, Framingham, Mass., Shelburne Museum, Vt. No. 66 Chancery Lane, London. Syndram; Yonge.
NEWTON, JOHN England, fl.1783-1818, MIM Terrestrial Globes, miniature, 1817 = Phillips 7/20/83, Soth. 10/19/82, D.(1981); Celestial Globe, 1818 = Peron et Corsy, Melun 6/10/79; Pocket Globes, 1817 = Soth. 10/21/74; Orreries = Soth. 10/21/74 and 12/3/76; Sector, ivory = D.(1972); etc. brother-in-law of Edward Baker; globes dated 1783 were redrawn from Hill's 1754 plates, signed "Palmer and Newton 1783", a later edition was signed "J. Newton 1783"; T.C.; Palmer and Newton, c.1783; Newton and Son (William 2); J. and W. Newton; Newton, Son and Berry, 1838; see James Newton. No. 128 at the Globe and Sun in Chancery Lane, Fleet Street; No. 56 and No. 66 Chancery Lane, Temple Bar; 3 Fleet Street; all in London. Taylor 2(1397); Wynter 1; Moskowitz 122; Crawforth 1; Krogt 2; Wynter and Turner; Millburn 11; RSW.
NEWTON, THOMAS England?, fl.1769-96, MIM Sextant, 1769 and Quadrant, 1796 = Wadsworth Atheneum, Conn. there may be more than one sextant. USNM.
NEWTON, W. AND F. England, c.1830, MIM Compass, wood = D.(1981); Sundial = P.C. 3 Fleet Street, London. Coffeen I; USNM.
NEWTON, W. LEIGH England, c.1830, PHIM Kaleidoscope = Soth. 3/10/87. RSW.
NEWTON, W.E. AND F. England, 19th Century, OIM Microscope = Phillips 9/10/86. RSW.
NEWTON, W.E. AND K. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Temple Bar, Fleet Street, London. Goodison 1.
NEWTON, WILLIAM 1 England, c.1690, Benjamin Owen, an apprentice, was turned over to Newton, c.1687 from Isaac Webb of the Clockmakers' Company. J. Brown 3.
NEWTON, WILLIAM 2 England, 1840, MIM Celestial Globe = D.(1974). marked "Newtons new and Improved Celestial Globe, calculated for 1840"; son of John Newton; see J. and W. Newton; Newton and Son; Newton Son and Berry. London. Wynter 1.
NEWTON, WILLIAM, AND SON England, c.1851, exhibited in the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London. 66 Chancery Lane and 3 Fleet Street, London. G.L'E. Turner 24.
NHOLDER, T. misreading for T.N. Holderich, which see. Zinner 1; Hamilton 1; Findlay Sale.
NICCOLLSON, JOHN England, c.1629, apprenticed to Thomas Brown 1 in the Joiners' Company on June 30, 1629. Crawforth 7.
NICHO, P. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Liverpool. Goodison 1.
NICHOL England, 1717, NIM Nocturnal, boxwood, 1717 = TIM. the name might be "Nicholas"; the index is at April 27. RSW.
NICHOLAS see Nichol; might be first name on boxwood nocturnal, 1717, at TIM; correction table on the reverse. sSW.
NICHOLL, ISAAC England, c.1681, MIM apprenticed to Withers Cheney of the Clockmakers' Company on March 8, 1675; free of the Company, March 22, 1681. J. Brown 3.
NICHOLLS, SUTTON England, fl.1692-1731, MIM made 9-inch terrestrial and celestial globes. near Weaver's Arms, by the Postern in London Wall, London. Taylor 1(477).
NICHOLSON England, fl.1787-1802, MIM PHIM made four-foot sliding Gunter's scales, sectional log-scales and hydrometers; see Margetts and Nichlson. London. Taylor 2(876).
NICHOLSON, BARTHOLOMEW England, c.1711, apprenticed to John Urings 1 in the Joiners' Company on April 17, 1711. Crawforth 7.
NICHOLSON, PETER England, 1765-1846, invented a cyclograph and other drawing instruments; teacher; author. London. Taylor 2(877).
NICHOLSON, WILLIAM England, 1753-1815, invented a hydrostatic balance in 1784; scientist; author. Soho, London. Taylor 2(753); Multhauf 1; G.L'E. Turner 24.
NICKELSEN, JENS Denmark?, 1763, marked on the mirror box of a 1763 octant signed "Beneeden het Lohat", in the Roussel Sale, item No.81; see Beneeden. Michel 3; RSW.
NICOLA, P. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Liverpool. Goodison 1.
NICOLAI, GUILIELMUS France, fl.1603-26, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1603 and Celestial Globe, 1626 = Chicago Historical Society. manuscript. Lyons; Avignon. Yonge.
NICOLAUS DE CUSA Germany, 1401-64, MIM Celestial Globe = CUS. Nicolaus Krebs; author; cardinal. Cues. Zinner 1; Weil 2(6); Hartmann.
NICOLE France, 1742, MIM Horizontal Sundial, pewter, 1742 = R. Wiener Coll., Nancy. Nancy. Boursier.
NICOLLET France, c.1738, OIM workman for Passemant; continued the shop with Ollivier, Passemant's brother-in-law. au Louvre. Daumas 1.
NICOLOSIO, IOA. BAPTISTA Italy, MIM Terrestrial Globe = Vatican. Price 2.
NIDERMAYER, JOHAN-FRANZ Austria, c.1710, MIM Perpetual Calendars = Basserman-Jordan Coll., Soth.-PB pre-1980. Salzburg. Michel 3; RSW.
NIEUWELANT, JAN. Belgium, 1572, MIM Astrolabe, 4 tympans, 1572 = Plantin (1572). Plantin's account also mentioned "cross dials." Louvain. Michel 2 and 3.
NIEUWENHUIS, LAMBERTUS Holland, 1741-1810, friend of and collaborator with Eise Eisinga. Enschede. Rooseboom 1.
NIGHTINGALE, PETER see Petrus Philomena de Dacia. RSW.
NIKHEL, JOSEPH France?, 1702, MIM Wall Sundial, 1702 = Ottingue. Ottingue. Rohr 2.
NIKOMEDES Greece, 1st Century A.D., MIM Spherical Sundial = Archaeological Museum, Kavalla, Greece. Gibbs 1.
NIMBLETT USA?, c.1790, MIM Dividers = Vermont Historical Society, Montpelier. USNM.
NIMS USA, c.1850, MIM see Moore and Nims; globe makers. Troy, N.Y. RSW.
NIMS, H.B., AND CO. USA, c.1858, MIM Terrestrial Globe = USNM. "Improved Globe Boston." Troy, N.Y. Yonge.
NISSEN, JULIUS Denmark, c.1851, PHIM Stick Barometers = NOR, Den Gamle By, Aarhus exhibited an air pump at the Great Exhibition, London, 1851. Copenhagen. G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
NIXON, J. England, c.1820, NIM PHIM Sextant = D.(1973); Octant = USNM; Wheel Barometer = Christie-SK 5/15/96. barometer signed "Nixon 75 Crombies Street, Commercial Road East." Commercial Road, London. USNM; RSW.
NO, D. IO. France, 1710, MIM see Dom Joseph Noto. Brophy.
NOAKES, J. England, c.1820, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. signature is "Noakes Burwash." Burwash. Goodison 1; Baillie 1.
NOBERT, FRIEDRICH ADOLPH Germany, 1806-81, OIM microscope maker; designed a dividing engine; showed at the Great Exhibition, London, 1851. Barth, Pomerania, Prussia. Pipping 1; G.L'E. Turner 24.
NOBLE, JOHN England, fl.1810-20, OIM Telescope = DeLuca 8/1/87. RSW.
NOBLE, NATHANIEL England, fl.1627, MIM above St. Clement's Church, towards the May Pole in the Strand, London. Taylor 1(156); Evans 1.
NOBLE, PHILANDER USA, 1772-1845, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass, 1839 = P.C. silversmith; clockmaker. Westfield, Mass. Smart 1; USNM.
NOBLET, J.F. England, 1830, MIM Compass, 1830 = Musée Lombard, Geneva. RSW.
NODEN, JNO. England, fl.1826-28, PHIM barometer maker. 10 Charles Street, Hatton Garden, London. Goodison 1.
NODOS France, c.1760, OIM Microscope = Bernard Coll. "fournisseur du roi." Paris. Daumas 1.
NOEL, DOM NICOLAS France, 1712-83, OIM Dom Nicolas Noël; Benedictine; made telescopes with Navarre. St. Germain des Prés; la Muette, Passy. Daumas 1.
NOLF, PIETER Holland, c.1597, MIM Universal Equatorial Sundial = P.C. Rooseboom 1; MADEX.
NOLLET, JEAN-ANTOINE France, 1700-70, PHIM Abbé Nollet; a professor who made a large number of philosophical instruments; he had an early interest in electricity; mounted a terrestrial globe in 1728, now at the NMM; technical assistant to Réaumur, 1734; visited London, 1734; F.R.S. Paris. Daumas 1; MADEX; DSB; NMM 2; A.J. Turner 10.
NOLLI, J.B., AND CO. Scotland, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Perth. Goodison 1.
NOLLI, S., COMOLI AND CO. Scotland, c.1780, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 2/4/77. Edinburgh. RSW.
NOLSON, JOHN England, 1689, apprenticed to Daniel Quare 1 in the Clockmakers' Company in 1689. J. Brown 3.
NOONE, THOMAS England, 1669, MIM Evans 1.
NOOR, F.W. Denmark, 19th Century, PHIM Stick Barometer, No.353 = Den Gamle By, Aarhus. "Mechanius et Opticus." Kongens Nytorr. RSW.
NOORDBERGH, PIETER, JR. Holland, 18th Century, NIM Crown Compass = RIJ; Compass = Schiffer-Gesellschaft, Lübeck. Rotterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
NOORDIJK, H. Holland, 1753-1828, MIM NIM Cross-staves = AMST (1805), P.C. (1804); Slide Rule, 1810 = Historic Museum, Amsterdam. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 1 and 2.
NOOTH, DR. JOHN MERVIN England, 1737-1828, PHIM Nooth Apparatus = KEN, Cragside, Burton Constable, Petworth. desgned chemical apparatus. E. Hall; G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
NORBERT misreading for Friedrich Adolph Nobert. USNM.
NORDBORG, OL. Sweden, 1723, MIM Garden Sundial, 1723 = Ost India Hus, Goteborg. Upsteld. RSW.
NORDEN, ROBERT misreading for Morden. Evans 1.
NOREDON, JOHN see John Noseda. Fennell.
NOREEN, D. Sweden, PHIM Stick Barometer = NOR. Stockholm. RSW.
NORETTI AND ABATTI England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
NORIE AND CO. England, fl. 1816-39, MIM NIM Sextants = MYS, LIM; Octant = Marine Museum, Horten, Norway; Quadrants = PEA, SUN; Gunter Sliding Rule = D.(1996). John William Norie. Navigation Warehouse, Leadenhall St., London. American Neptune, Jan., 1975; Coffeen 55; Clifton 1; RSW.
NORIE AND WILSON England, c.1800, NIM Octant = Nat'l Museum of Canada; Sextant = Hart Nautical Museum, MIT; Compass = LIM. John William Norie and C. Wilson. 156 Minories, London. USNM; RSW.
NORIE COMPANY England, c.1830, NIM Sextant = Soth. 7/10/67. surely Norie and Co. London. RSW.
NORIE, J.W., AND CO. England, c.1819, NIM Octants = AMST, MYS, Whaling Museum, Nantucket, Mass., Soth. 7/10/67 & 3/19/73, Auction Melun 11/5/78, P.C.(1977); Sextants = New London County Historical Society, Conn., Hart Maritime Museum, MIT. John Wiliam Norie; Norie bought out the firm of David Steel, nautical publishers, in 1819; by 1937 the firm had become Imray, Norie and Wilson, Ltd. London. USNM; Mörzer Bruyns 1; Taylor 2(1019); Witt; RSW.
NORIE, JOHN WILLIAM England, 1772-1843, NIM T.C.; author; used the figure of a little midshipman as his shop sign; may have been only a retailer. Naval Academy, Navigational Warehouse, 157 Leadenhall Street, London. Taylor 2(1019); Pipping 1; Lefkowicz 6, 1977; C.N. Robinson.
NORIEGA, F. Spain, 19th Century, PHIM Balance = Soth. 6/21/76. Madrid. RSW.
NORMAN, C. Sweden, 1787, MIM Almanac on snuff box, 1787 = D.(1995). Runic calendar. Coffeen 51.
NORMAN, JOHN England, c.1846, microscopic objects and supplies. 178 City Road, London. USNM.
NORMAN, ROBERT England, c.1550-1604, MIM Variation Compass = X. invented a dip needle, c.1576, to measure the vertical component of magnetic force; the compass is illustrated in William Borough's book; author, compass maker. Ratcliffe, London. Taylor 1(29); Michel 3; Evans 1; Dewhirst; G.L'E. Turner 24; Clay and Court; USNM; J.A. Bennett 2.
NORRIEN misreading for Narrien. Wynter and Turner.
NORRIS AND PETERS NIM Sextant, vernier = MYS. RSW.
NORRIS, J. England, PHIM Barometer and Thermometer = K. and C. 12/15/72. Brighton. RSW.
NORRY, N. France, 1620, MIM Britten.
NORRY, PIERRE France, fl.1644-79, MIM Sundial, string-gnomon, oval = Phillips 9/16/81; Sundial, string-gnomon, octagonal, 1644 = Ecouen (CLU-18537); Sundials, octagonal, silver = Barnett Coll. (1649), Soth. 3/17/38; Butterfield-type Sundial, 1679 = OXFB-70; Horizontal Sundials = MERC, Lempertz 6/14/76, Libert et Castor 4/28/82, Soth. 2/25/86. the dials are usually signed "Norry" but sometimes spelled "Nory"; Michel thought that Norry moved to Paris about 1679. Gisors; Paris (c.1679). Hamilton 1; Michel 3; RSW.
NORTH, FRANCIS, BARON GUILFORD England, c.1670, invited to become a F.R.S, but declined; taught Henry Wynne and Henry Jones how to make barometers. Middleton 1; A.J. Turner 10.
NORTH, LUKE England, 1710, NIM Nocturnal, boxwood, 1710 = LEY; Nocturnal, pearwood = FIN. is this the same instrument? Taylor 2(98); RSW.
NORTHEN, EDWARD England, fl.1830-42, OIM PHIM partner with his father, Richard Northen, before 1834; succeeded his father in 1842; made barometers. 46 Lowgate (pre-1834); 50 Lowgate (1835-42); both in Hull. Goodison 1.
NORTHEN, RICHARD England, fl.1790-1841, MIM OIM PHIM Microscope = Christie-SK 12/1/83; Drawing Instrument Set = WHI. also a barometer maker; took his son Edward as a partner before 1834. Lowgate (1790-91); 46 Lowgate (1803-34); 50 Lowgate (1835-41); all in Hull. Taylor 2(878); Goodison 1; RSW.
NORTHEN, RICHARD, AND SON England, 1830-45, MIM OIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = D. watch, clock and barometer makers; the son was probably Edward Northen; the barometer was marked "46 Lowgate, Hull"; the firm was succeeded by W. White 2, c.1845. 46 Lowgate (pre-1834); 50 Lowgate (1835-41); both in Hull. Goodison 1.
NORTON AND TAGLIABUE USA, 1847, PHIM received a diploma of excellence for barometers and thermometers at the Fair of the American Institute, 1847. 240 Water Street, New York N.Y. USNM.
NORTON, ELIJAH USA, fl.1817-37, MIM OIM Surveyor's Compass = Division of Archives and History, University of the State of New York, Albany. 64 Whitesboro' Street (1817); 128 Genesee Road (1833); both in Whitesborough; Utica, N.Y. (1837). Smart 1.
NORTON, JOHN England, fl.1803-07, MIM described himself as a MIM; patented a new mill and a pump. Rolls Buildings, Fetter Lane, London. Taylor 2(1188).
NORTON, ROBERT 1 England, fl.1590-1635, designed a "cosmodelite", a complicated, all-purpose instrument. The Tower, London. Taylor 1(84).
NORTON, ROBERT 2 England, c.1845, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 12/13/88. Stamford. RSW.
NORY, PIERRE see Pierre Norry. RSW.
NOSEDA, J. AND P. England, c.1830, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Phillips 12/2/87. Walsall. RSW.
NOSEDA, JOHN Ireland, fl.1774-79, PHIM Barometer = X. Belfast. Fennell; Morrison-Low and Burnett.
NOSEDON see Noseda. Morrison-Low and Burnett.
NOT., JOSEPH Germany, see Dom Joseph Noto. RSW.
NOTO, DOM JOSEPH Germany, 1710, MIM Astronomical Compendium, wood, 1710 = P.C.; Altitude Sundial = OXF (1785); Sundial, small = LAW-304. the compendium is signed "D. Io. No."; the LAW sundial is signed "Joseph Not."; the Oxford dial is signed "Ame D: Joseph Not:° Pennica." Penig, Saxony. Brophy 1; RSW.
NOURRY, JEAN France, c.1671, MIM Inclinable Sundial = OXF; Equatorial Sundial, silver, 1671 = MADEX-108 = Caird Coll. = NMM; Equatorial Sundial = MADEX-92; Horizontal Sundial = History of Science Museum, Geneva; Sundials, octagonal = MADEX-128 and D. the dealer's sundial was marked "Paris", the others, "Lyon." Lyon; Paris. Maddison 5; Brieux 2; Evans 1; RSW.
NOVATI, BORDESSA AND EATON England, fl.1853-54, PHIM made barometers and thermometers; became Bordessa and Eaton in 1855. 54 Exmouth Street, London. Goodison 1.
NOY, JOHN see John Noyes. J. Brown 1.
NOY, WILLIAM England, c.1762, MIM see William Noyes. J. Brown 1.
NOYES, JOHN England, c.1789, MIM PHIM Stick Barometer = X; Wheel Barometer = X. apprenticed to Richard Rust of the Grocers' Company on March 7, 1782; free of the Company Nov. 5, 1789; son of William Noyes. Grocers Hall, Poultry, London. J. Brown 1.
NOYES, WILLIAM England, c.1762, MIM father of John Noyes; apprenticed to James Crick in the Grocers' Company on Aug. 7, 1754; free of the Company, April 6, 1762. London. J. Brown 1.
NOZZI see Comoli and Nozzi. Goodison 1.
NUGENT, PATRICK ROONEY England; Nova Scotia, fl.1786-98, MIM NIM Nugent was awarded patents for a steering azimuth compass and for modifications to the octant and sextant; appointed Deputy Surveyor General of Cape Breton, 1786-87, and acting Surveying General in 1796. St. Pancras, Middlesex; Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia (1786-87); Grey's Inn, Middlesex (1794); Cape Breton Island (1796); London (1798). R.C. Brooks.
NUNEZ, PEDRO Portugal, 1542, wrote many books on navigation; invented the "nonius" scale for dividing the quadrant; this was a series of concentric arcs, the outer divided into 90 parts, the second into 89 parts, the third into 88 parts and so on to the innermost arc which was divided into 46 parts; the alidade could thus read to within 30" of arc; Tycho Brahe was the only one to make use of the idea, but not very successfully. Daumas 1.
NUTZ, L.N. c.1830, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass, with vernier = P.C. RSW.
NYE, EDMUND England, c.1830, MIM Floating Sundial, Porter-type = Christie-SK 8/20/87. Tunbridge Wells. RSW.
NYSTROM Sweden, c.1760, MIM Lund? Pipping 1.
NYSTROM, J.W. USA, c.1851, MIM Calculating Machine = USNM. patented in 1851. Philadelphia, Pa. USNM.

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