Webster Signature Database Search Results

Important note: Most of these instruments are not in the Adler collection (which you can find more information about here). We know nothing about them beyond the information returned by searching this database. You may be able to learn more by contacting the institutions in the "Instruments" column, or by consulting the "References" listed.

Your search for signatures starting with L yielded 768 entries. Displaying entries 1–768.
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Signature Maker Info Instruments Comments Location References
L'ADMIRAL, JACOB see Admiral, Jacob L'. RSW.
L'ALLEMAN, DIDIER France, fl.1677-78, MIM made a celestial globe in 1677-78; mentioned in the Royal Society's Philosophical Transactions XII, p. 895; watchmaker. Paris. Evans 1.
L'AMAND, R. France, c.1720, MIM Diptych Sundial, wood = Evans Coll. Dieppe. Evans 1.
L'ASNE, MICHEL see Michael Asinus. Nachet; RSW.
L'ETANG see Etang.
L'HOSTE, JEAN France, fl.1616-31, MIM Terrestrial Globes, 1616 = Bibliothèque de l'Institut de France et de la Musée Lorrain, Nancy; Celestial Globes = Bibliothèque de l'Institut de France (1617) et de la Musée Lorrain (1618). mathematician and author; sometimes signed "Johannes L'Hoste." Nancy. Bonacker; RSW.
L'ISLE, DE see Isle, de l'.
L. 1 Germany, 1741, OIM Solar Microscopes, 1741 = DRE (2). Hans Löser, Reichsgraf. Zinner 1; Drechsler 2.
L. 2 Germany, see L.A.E. Maurice 1; RSW.
L.A.E. Germany, MIM Polyhedral Sundial, stone = DEU. might also be marked "L." (2). Maurice 1; RSW.
L.A.K. Germany, 1733, MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory, 1733 = NMM-D.141 Leonhard Andreas Karner; for latitude 48°; see "L.K." 1. Augsburg. NMM 2; Gouk.
L.B. England, NIM Nocturnals, wood = CMY, etc. when found on English nocturnals, L.B. stands for "Little Bear." RSW.
L.D.B. USA?, 1785, NIM Backstaff, 1785 = Maine Historical Society, Portland Me. Bedini thought it was 1776. Bedini 14; RSW.
L.G. Germany, 18th.Century, MIM Augsburg-type Sundial = Christie 6/23/64. L. Grassl or L. Gräf. Augsburg. Bobinger 2.
L.G.M. Germany, 18th Century, MIM Augsburg-type Sundial = P. & S. 5/19/1896. probably a misreading of "L.T.M." RSW.
L.H. France, MIM String-gnomon Sundial in medallion = Libert et Castor 4/28/82. might be the owner's initials. RSW.
L.I.S. 1646, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1646 = NOR. RSW.
L.J.M. Germany, 18th Century, MIM Augsburg-type Sundials = P. & S. 3/20/1896 and 5/19/1896. probably a misreading of "L.T.M." RSW
L.K. 1 Germany, fl.1728-30, MIM Diptych Sundials, ivory, = Galerie am Neumarkt 10/19/72 = Kugel (1730), Drout 4/7/87 (1728). the mastermark is a glove with cuff; see L.A.K.; see Leonard Andreas Karner. Nürnberg. Gouk; RSW.
L.K. 2 Germany, 18th Century, MIM Equatorial Sundial = PRA. Augsburg. Zinner 1.
L.K.G. Germany, 1631, MIM Diptych Sundial, 1631 = BM. Zinner 1.
L.L. France, c.1700, owner's initials with crest on an astronomical compendium, Versailles 11/19/78. RSW.
L.M. 1 Germany, MIM either Lienhart Miller, Leonhart Miller, or Leinhart Milner. Nürnberg. RSW.
L.M. 2 Germany, 1625, MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory, 1625 = ADL-T12. Lienhart Miller. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Tomlinson 1; ADL; RSW.
L.M. 3 Germany, 1626, marked on an ivory diptych sundial signed "Lienhart Milner, 1626." RSW.
L.M. 4 Germany, fl.1636-45, MIM Diptych Sundials, ivory, 1636 and 1645 = Huelsmann Coll. also marked on an ivory diptych sundial signed "Leonhart Miller" in the Findlay Sale. Nürnberg. Syndram; RSW.
L.M. 5 France, c.1750, MIM marked on a garden sundial signed "Lheureux", in Koller, May 1972. RSW.
L.M. ST. fl.1644-48, MIM Pin-gnomon Sundial, 1648 = SKO; Artillery Scale, 1644 = SKO. Price 2.
L.M.N. Germany, c.1600, MIM Torquetum = BAM. calendar runs from 1600 to 1639. Nürnberg. Zinner 1.
L.R.F. Germany, 1631, MIM Triptych Sundial, 1631 = BM. signed "L.R.f. 1631." Price 3; Ward 4; Zinner 1; RSW.
L.S. 1 Germany?, 1518, MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory, 1518 = FIN. Zinner 1.
L.S. 2 Germany, c.1600, MIM Horizontal Sundial, stone = REG. Zinner 1.
L.S. 3 England, 17th Century, MIM Ring Sundial, expanded = Christie 6/7/72. RSW.
L.S. 4 1715, MIM Vertical Sundial, 1715 = ZUS. RSW.
L.S. 5 England, c.1800, MIM Bow Dividers = D.(1972). Moskowitz 103.
L.T. initials on a telecopic graphometer by Lenoir; probably the owner. Wynter 1.
L.T.M. Germany, c.1710-70, MIM Augsburg-type Sundials found in many museums and collections. Ludovicus Theodatus Müller. Augsburg. Bobinger 2; Bryden 16; RSW.
L.T.V. surely a misreading of L.T.M Christie 4/3/74.
L.X.A. 1593, MIM Equatorial Sundial, 1593 = LIE. Price 2; RSW.
L.Z. 1 Germany, 1741, MIM Hodometer, 1741 = DRE. Löser und Zimmer or Lehmann und Zimmer? Zinner 1; Drechsler 2.
L.Z. 2 MIM Compass Sundial = NOR. initials on cover, owner? RSW.
L.Z.K. misreading of I.3 K.; see Jacob Karner. Koller 11/7/63.
LA HIRE, GABRIEL-PHILIPPE DE France, 1677-1719, OIM Telescope = POB. son of Philippe de la Hire? experimented with barometers. Paris. Nachet; Middleton 1.
LA HIRE, PHILIPPE DE France, 1640-1718, de la Hire; wrote on astrolabes and gnomonics; invented a new type of astrolabe projection. Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet; Middleton 1.
LA MOTTA Italy, 1767, NIM Compass in gimbals, 1767 = ROM. Price thought the date was 1707. Rome. Bonelli 4; Price 2; RSW.
LA MOTTE France, c.1690, MIM Sector = P.C.; Square = P.C. Versailles. Nachet; RSW.
LA REINE France, OIM Field Glass, pocket = USNM. Paris. USNM.
LABBE, J.N. 1826, MIM Garden Sundial, slate, 1826 = LIE. J.N. Labbé. Michel 9.
LACAM, B. owner's name on mathematical etui signed "H. Cole maker" for Humphrey Cole, which see RSW.
LACKEN, JOHN England, c.1825, PHIM Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 6/30/89. Maidstone. RSW.
LACOMBE France, MIM Horizontal Sundial = Drouot 4/26/67-38. Toulouse. RSW.
LACOUR, CLAUDIUS France, Toricelli Barometer, 1769 = D.(1972). modern work; "opticien." rue du Bac, Paris. RSW.
LACROIX France, post-1753, "maître serrurier"; received permission to make a perpetual motion machine from the inventor, Arles de Montigny, after Solvaique; see Berin de la Croix. Paris. Augarde.
LACY, W. England, 1779, MIM Orrery, 1779 = NMM-P.25. "Invenit et Delineavit." NMM 2.
LACY, WILLIAM England, c.1803, PHIM apprenticed to Francis Vandermeulen on July 21, 1803, for seven years. West Street, West Smithfield, London. Goodison 1.
LADD AND OERTLING England, fl.1860-74, PHIM Edward Wilds Ladd and Ludwig Oertling; made balances; the RGO records have a letter announcing the partnership, dated Dec. 1860. 192 Bishopsgate Street Without, London. USNM; Chaldecott 3; RGO.
LADD AND STREATFIELD England, fl. 1847-59, PHIM the partnership of Edward Wilds Ladd and John Streatfield fl. c.1847-Oct. 1859; listed themselves as "successors to R.B. Bate, hydrometer and gauging instrument makers to the Hon. Board of Inland Revenue"; made standard weights and measures. 1 Old Jewry, London. Chaldecott 4; McConnell 4.
LADD, EDWARD WILDS England, pre-1847-60, PHIM worked for R.B. Bate; maker of hydrometers and saccharometers to the Honourable Board of Inland Revenue; had John Streatfield as a partner in Ladd and Streatfield c.1847-1859; worked alone, as E.W. Ladd and Co. from Oct. 1859 to Dec. 1960 when he took Ludwig Oertling as a partner, this lasted until c.Aug. 1874. 1 Old Jewry (1859); 192 Bishopsgate Street (1860); both in London. Chaldecott 3 and 4; RGO.
LADD, W., AND CO. England, c.1850, OIM PHIM Thermometer = Royal Institution; Microscope, compound = Minnesota Historical Society. William Ladd. 12 Beak Street, London. USNM; RSW.
LADD, WILLIAM England, fl.1847-69, OIM PHIM Microscopes = D., Phillips 2/22/77, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden. made barometers and thermometers; optician; devised a method for coarse focusing on a microscope; had a display in the 1851 Great Exhibition in London. 7 Cleaver Street, Kennington (1847); 31 Chancery Lane (1858); 11 and 12 Beak Street, Regent Street W. (1869); 29 Penton Street, Walworth Road; all in London. Goodison 1; O'Mara; Fürst; Moskowitz; G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
LADERRIERE France, c.1900, NIM Inclinometer, No. 2 = Versailles 4/17/83; Sextant = WHI. "Service Hydrographique de la Marine Boussole d'inclinason de Laderrière No. 2" is marked on the inclinometer. Bennett 1; RSW.
LAENEN, F.A. Belgium?, 1789, MIM Garden Sundial, slate, 1789 = LIE. Michel 9; RSW.
LAFFRANCHO, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(4). sometimes spelled J. LaFrancho. Ludlow. Goodison 1.
LAFONTAINE France, 19th Century, MIM Cannon Sundial, miniature = D.(1988). 18 Galerie Monpensier, Palais Royal, Paris. RSW.
LAFRANCHO, J. England, J. LaFrancho; see J. Laffrancho. Ludlow. Goodison 1.
LAGARDE, A. France, MIM Horizontal Sundial = ADL-A32. name stamped inside of lower half of box. ADL; RSW.
LAGNY France, fl.1665-90, MIM "arquebusier"; made instruments for the Paris Observatory and the Academy. Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet; Augarde.
LAGSTINUS, FRANCS. France?, 1602, MIM Armillary Sphere with Ptolemaic Planetarium in center, 1602 = Watney Coll. = Christie 7/12/67. Gunther 2.
LAIDIER, FRA J. see Fra J. Lardier. Evans 1.
LAIDMAN England, PHIM Marine Barometer = D.(1997). possibly R.T. Laidman, which see. ATG 5/24/97.
LAIDMAN, R.T. England, NIM Octant, ebony and brass, case = Christie-SK 7/10/80. West Hartlepool. RSW.
LAINTON, SAMUEL England, c.1860, PHIM Angle Barometers = WHI, X; Thermometer = X. thermometer is on a Howorth barometer; may be cabinet maker at 9 King Cross Street (1860). Halifax. Goodison 1; Bell 2; Middleton 1.
LAIRD, DAVID WHITE Scotland, fl.1834-51, NIM OIM Octants, ebony = Soth. 6/20/74, FRK = RSM, Dundee Art Galleries; Telescope = Phillips-E 7/31/87. also made clocks and watches; T.C. in Whitby Museum. 4 Bridge Street (1834-42); 58 Bridge Street (1843-51); both in Leith. Taylor 2(2167); Bryden 3; Clarke et al; Baillie 1; RSW.
LAK Germany, 1773, MIM Sundial, ivory, 1773 = Debreuil Coll. = NMM-Caird. L.A.K.? Nürnberg. NMM 2; RSW.
LAKE AND SON England, fl.1775-1800, MIM PHIM Pantograph = D.(1972); Stick Barometer = Soth.-S 11/13/86. Taunton. Moskowitz 105.
LAKE, THOMAS England, 1770, NIM Hadley's Quadrant, 1770 = NMM-S.103. instrument made for Martin Walding. Leadenhall Street, London. Taylor 2(738); NMM 2.
LALANDE, JEROME LE FRANCOIS DE France, fl.1771-1803, Jérôme Le François de Lalande; astronomer; author; had the analemmatic sundial on the church in Bourg-en-Bresse restored; drew a celestial globe, 1792. Paris. Daumas 1; Howse 2; Cousins.
LALAYE, M. France, MIM Planispheres = PBN (2). Destombes 5.
LALIGANT France, pre-1843, MIM Balance = CNAM. Cons. Nat'l 1; Destombes 4.
LALLAERIUS, JACOBUS Italy, 1636, MIM Garden Sundial, slate, 1636 = P.C. (1971). "astronomus fecit An. 1636"; for latitude 47 1/2°. RSW.
LALONDE France, PHIM Barometers = Lesoufaché Coll.(2). Maurice 1.
LALOY, M. France, 1607, MIM Horizontal Sundial, lead, 1607 = house in Tourcil. Limoges. Gatty.
LAMARDELLE France, 18th Century, MIM Baradelle? à la sphère, Paris. Nachet.
LAMB, ANTHONY England; USA, 1703-84, MIM NIM Gauging Rod, 1759 = Streeter Coll., Yale U.; Backstaves = PEA (2-one dated 1747), Newport R.I. Historical Society Museum; Surveyor's Compass = USNM; Rule, wood inlaid with brass and ivory, 1759 = P.C.; Magnetic Compasses = D.(1986), Glebe House, Seabury Society; Haviland Instrument, ivory = P.C. apprenticed to Henry Carter, MIM, of London pre-1724; transported to Maryland from Newgate Prison, London, 1724; made Thomas Godfrey 1's octant in 1731. London (1703-24); at the Sign of the Compass and Quadrant, near the New Dock (1730); at the Sign of the Quadrant and Surveying Compass (1745); at the Sign of Sir Isaac Newton's Head (1749); all in New York, N.Y.; Hunter's Key, N.Y. (1753). Taylor 2(191); Smart 1; Bedini 1, 7 and 8; Brewington 1; USNM; Coffeen 13; D.J. Warner 8, 10 and 12; RSW.
LAMB, ANTHONY, AND SON USA, fl.1755-60, MIM NIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = Passaic County Historical Society, Paterson, N.J. Anthony and John Lamb. Hunter's Key, N.Y. Smart 1; Bedini 1 and 7.
LAMB, JOHN USA, 1735-1800, MIM SIM apprenticed to his father, Anthony Lamb, and was his partner, 1755-60, as Anthony Lamb and Son; very active in the Revolution; became a wine-merchant. Hunter's Key, N.Y. Smart 1; Bedini 1, 7 and 8; Brewington 1.
LAMB, JOSEPH England, c.1827, MIM Instrument = OXF; Slide Rule, circular, ivory and silver, 1827 = P.C. author; watchmaker. Taylor 2(1616); Delehar 9.
LAMBE Holland, c.1704, PHIM made barometers and gave them names of English makers. Amsterdam. J. Brown 3.
LAMBE, LUKE England, c.1684, MIM apprenticed to Johnson Weekes of the Clockmakers' Company on March 25, 1684. J. Brown 3.
LAMBERT Ireland, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-S 10/19/89. Dublin. RSW.
LAMBERT LE FILS France, 18th Century, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial = Soth. 12/12/55. Lambert le fils. Paris. RSW.
LAMBERT PERE France, 18th Century, MIM Folding Square = ADL-W134; Sector = X; Mathematical Instrument Set = P-B 10/28/63; Protractor = Melun 6/10/79. the protractor is signed "Lambert le Père." Paris. Michel 3; ADL; RSW.
LAMBERT, H. NIM Octant = Pugsley Sale = P.C. RSW.
LAMBERT, J.S. c.1770, designed a combination horizontal and analemmatic sundial. Ericson.
LAMBERT, THOMAS England, c.1727, MIM apprenticed to John Hutton 1 of the Clockmakers' Company on July 3, 1727. J. Brown 3.
LAMBRIT, THOMAS see Thomas Gemini.
LAMINIT, JAKOB EMANUEL Germany, 1719-60, MIM Augsburg-type Sundials = AUG, HAM, GEL, SPI-2810, Koller 11/17/75. brother-in-law of Johann Martin Willebrand. Augsburg. Bobinger 2; Michel 3; Evans 1; RSW.
LAMONBY, GEORGE BURNTHWAITE England, Lamonby may be town; see George Burnthwaite. RSW.
LAMONT Ireland, NIM Octant = D.(1969). Belfast. RSW.
LAMPLEY, CHARLES England, c.1693, MIM apprenticed to William Howe of the Grocers' Company on Nov. 7, 1683; free of the Company, Sept. 4, 1693. J. Brown 1.
LAMPLOUGH England, 1792, NIM Octant, ebony and brass, 1792 = Phillips 5/20/75. Burlington. RSW.
LAMY, SIMON France?, MIM Cannon Sundial = D.(c.1968). RSW.
LANA, FRA FRANCESCO DE TERZI Italy, 1631-87, developed a microscope; author; physician. Brescia. Nachet.
LANCAEUS, BALTHASSAR Italy, fl.1557-71, MIM SIM Surveying Instrument, 1557 = FLO; Artillery Instrument with Calipers, 1557 = FLO. Lanci. Urbino. Bonelli 2 and 5; Evans 1; Michel 3; A.J. Turner 10; RSW.
LANCASTER England, OIM Telescope, brass, on steel stand = D.(1987). possibly "Lancaster and Son" or "Jas. Lancaster and Son." Birmingham. RSW.
LANCASTER AND SON England, OIM Microscope, binocular = Wellcombe Museum (KEN) probably James Lancaster and Son; opticians. Birmingham. Bryden 9.
LANCASTER AND SONS England, c. 1830, PHIM Stick Barometer = D.(1976). may be Jas. Lancaster and Sons. RSW.
LANCASTER, CYRUS USA, 1802-62, MIM made many celestial and terrestrial globes, dating from 1825 to 1845; examples may be seen at USNM, Albany Institute of History and Art, N.Y. / Seward House, Auburn, N.Y. / Suffolk County Historical Society, Riverhead, N.Y. / P.C., D.(1975). apprenticed to James Wilson 3; became his son-in-law; taken into firm of James Wilson and Sons in 1826, as manager of Wilson's factory. 110 Washington Street, Albany, N.Y. Bedini 8; Yonge; USNM; Moskowitz; RSW.
LANCASTER, GILBERT England, c.1692, MIM apprenticed to Nathaniel Anderton of the Grocers' Company on Dec. 7, 1683; free of the Company, June 6, 1692. J. Brown 1.
LANCASTER, JAS., AND SON England, c.1830, OIM Telescope = Christie-SK 12/1/83. Birmingham. RSW.
LANDECK, ANDREAS Germany, 1589-1663, MIM Vertical Sundial, copper, 1647 = NUR. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Baillie 1; Maurice 1.
LANDECK, JOHANN MELCHIOR Germany, 18th.Century, MIM Pedometer with Sundial = BM. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Price 3; Ward 4.
LANDRINI Italy, c.1750, MIM Air Thermometer = DRE. Drebbel-type. Grötzsch 2; RSW.
LANDTECK, ENDRES see Andreas Landeck. Lunardi.
LANDTSCHOT, HENDRICK VAN Holland, fl.1682-83, held a 1683 patent on a nautical instrument. Middelburg. Rooseboom 1.
LANE, H. England, 1776, Terrestrial Globe, with case = Phillips 2/14/79. probably a misreading of N. Lane. RSW.
LANE, JOHN England, c.1799, MIM NIM SIM T.C., 1799. at the Blue Coat Boy and Quadrant, in the Great-Minories, London. C.N. Robinson.
LANE, NATHANIEL England, fl.1776-1829, MIM made miniature terrestrial globes, many in shagreen cases lined with celestial gores; dates range from 1776 to 1829; examples can be seen at the Chicago Ill. Historical Society, PAM, NMM, and many other museums. they are signed "Lane's Pocket Globe" or "Lane's Improved Globe"; the celestial gores lining the cases of the miniature globes show a geocentric projection. London. Taylor 2(740); Clay and Court; Dewhirst; Wynter and Turner; NMM 2; Yonge; Krogt 2; RSW.
LANE, NICHOLAS England, c.1783, MIM father of Thomas Lane; globe maker. London. Crawforth 7.
LANE, R.E. England, NIM Octant, mahagony = X. RSWx.
LANE, SAMUEL USA, 1718-1806, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1760 = New Hampshire Historical Society, Concord, N.H. surveyor; the globe was made to help him in his work. Stratham, New Hampshire. Bedini 8; Yonge.
LANE, THOMAS England, c.1801, son of Nicholas Lane, a globe maker; apprenticed to Robert Tangate 1 in the Joiners' Company on Nov. 4, 1783; free in the Company, Mar. 3, 1801. Crawforth 7.
LANEN, PIETER JACOBSE VAN DER Holland, c.1740?, NIM Compass = Königl. Institut für Meereskunde, Berlin. Rotterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
LANG France, 18th Century, MIM Rule = ADL-M133; Artillery Level = D.(1987). "Mechanicien du Roy pour l'artillerie"; might be the same as Joh. Phil. Lang. Strasbourg. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
LANG, JOH. PHIL. France, 1748-62, MIM Quadrant, 3' radius, on stand, 1762 = Musée Lorrain, Nancy; Quadrant, 1748 = STR. both quadrants are made of iron and brass. Strasbourg; Paris. Michel 3 & 14; RSW.
LANG, JOHANN CHRISTOFF Germany, c.1600, MIM Astrolabe Clock = ADL-M383. Price dated it at c.1580. Augsburg. Zinner 1; Engelmann 1; Price 2; Michel 2; ADL; RSW.
LANG, JOSEPH England, OIM Microscope = Christie-SK 4/17/86. 43 Eastcheap, London. RSW.
LANGE DE BOURBON France, 1753, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1753 = Oudheidkundige Museum, Ghent; Butterfield-type Sundials = Christie-SK 4/17/86, UTO 9/29/75, MERC (rectangular) = Spaulding = Lempertz 6/14/76 = D.(1976); Instrument = Wallace Coll. Paris. Hamilton 2; Brieux 3; F.J.B. Watson; RSW.
LANGE DE BOURBON, M. France, c.1710, PHIM Barometer and Thermometer = NYM; Stick Barometer = X. "faiseur de barometres du Roi." Paris. Vincent 2; Hamilton 2; Tyler.
LANGENBUCHER, JACOB Germany, 1649-1712, MIM OIM Compass = ADL-M470; Universal Ring Dial = D. also made terrestrial and celestial globes, telescopes, etc. Augsburg. Zinner 1 & 6; Brieux 3; ADL; RSW.
LANGFORD, EDWIN England, c.1850, MIM NIM Sector = D.(1935); Octant = D. Bristol. M. Gardner 2 (1935); Bryden 9; O'Mara 2; Moskowitz 106.
LANGFORD, J. England, PHIM barometer maker. Bell 2.
LANGHANS, HANNS WOLFF Germany, c.1687, MIM sandglass maker. Nürnberg. Lunardi.
LANGLANDS, JOHN England, c.1820, MIM Pocket Compass = Soth. 12/3/76. Newcastle. RSW.
LANGLEY, LEMUEL USA, 1828, patented a method of adjusting the marine compass in 1828. Gosport or Norfolk, Virginia. Bedini 8; USNM.
LANGLEY, W. England, 19th Century, PHIM Grain Balance = Soth. 1/27/75. 46 Tooley Street, London. RSW.
LANGLOIS ET LAPIE France, 1815, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1815 = Gonse Coll. = MADEX-26 = NMM-G.114. H. Langlois and Lapie. Paris. NMM 2.
LANGLOIS, CHARLES FRANCIS France, c.1700, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial = DRE; Pantograph = DRE; Graphometer = DRE. Paris. Grötzsch 2.
LANGLOIS, CLAUDE France, c.1730-50, MIM SIM made various types of sundials and surveying, mathematical and astronomical instruments which can be seen at ADL, POB, CNAM, OXF, HAK, NMM, DRE, NYM, LOU, HAY, WHI, Huelsmann Coll., etc. installed the meridian in St. Suplice Eglise in 1744; perfected the pantograph in 1743; "Ingénieur"; most instruments are signed "Langlois" or "C. Langlois"; worked for the Academy of Sciences; succeeded by his nephew, Canivet. Au Niveau; aux Galeries du Louvre; both in Paris. Daumas 1; Grötzsch 2; Körber 1; Michel 3; NMM 2; Engelmann 1; Josten; Bryden 16; Trois Siècles; Evans 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; J.A. Bennett 2; Syndram; ADL; RSW.
LANGLOIS, H. France, 1815, MIM globe maker; see Langlois et Lapie. NMM 2.
LANGLOIS, JEAN France, fl.1720-27, MIM Circumferentor, telescopic, 1720 = de la Mosson Coll. = Buffon Coll.(1744) = D.(1976); Alidade, 1726 = Drouot Richelieu 4/28/88; Universal Ring Dial = CNAM; Microscope = RMS; Butterfield-type Sundials = FIT (WHI), Soth. 7/10/67; Circumferentor, 1727 = X; Plane Table with Telescope and Sundial, 1727 = de la Mosson Coll. = D. = LOU; Rule, case, 1726 = Drouot Richelieu 4/28/88. "élève du Sieur Butterfield." aux Armes d'Angleterre, Paris. Daumas 1; CNAM 2; Clay and Court; Dewhirst; Michel 3; Gersaint; A.J. Turner 10; Bryden 16; RSW.
LANGLOIS, L. France, 1745-47, MIM Graphometer = MADEX. probably Claude Langlois; instrument marked "L'Ecole Nat. des Ponts et Chaussées." au Niveau, Paris. MADEX; RSW.
LANGLOIS, TIMOTHEE France, 1693, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial, silver = Pennsylvania Historical Society, Philadelphia, Pa. Thimothée Langlois; the Butterfield dial is signed "T. Langlois, siezième"; Baillie listed him as a water clock maker. Paris. Baillie 1; RSW.
LANGREN, ARNOLD FLORENT VAN Holland, fl.1586-1625, MIM Celestial Globes = Lindköping Stiftsbibliothek (1586), NMM (1589 and 1624); Pair of Globes = Plantin-Moretus Museum, Antwerp; Terrestrial Globes = NMM (1589), U. Library of Gand; Armillary Sphere = stolen. Jacob Florent van Langren, his father, engraved the gores; Gand globe signed "Arnold Florent Filius." Amsterdam. Zinner 1; NMM 1 and 2; ART; Belgian Inv.
LANGREN, JACOB FLORENT VAN Denmark; Holland, fl.1586-1625, engraved terrestrial and celestial gores; many were made up by his son, Arnold Florent van Langren. Amsterdam. Zinner 1; Belgian Inv.; Globus Dec., 1957.
LANGSTON, D. England, c.1825, OIM 116 Cheapside, London. Taylor 2(1617).
LANGTHORNE, JOSEPH England, c.1709, MIM apprenticed to John Wood 1 of the Clockmakers' Company on Dec. 5, 1709. J. Brown 3.
LANGWER, P. Germany, MIM SIM Circumferentor = BRE. Zinner 1.
LANIER France, c.1750, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial = ADL-T59. Paris. Tomlinson 1; ADL; RSW.
LANSUERG, ANGELUS Italy, misreading for Lusuerg. Evans 1.
LANZ, NIKOLAUS Austria, c.1550, MIM Astronomical Clock = VIE. Innsbruck. Neumann 1.
LAPIE France, c.1815, MIM Armillary Sphere, wood and paper = Melun 6/10/79. see Langlois et Lapie. Paris. NMM 2; RSW.
LAPP, MARIA CATHARINA 1731, MIM Measure, 1731 = MADEX-564. RSW.
LAPPI AND SOLCHA England, fl.1838-51, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. may be Salvattore Lappi and Lewis Solcha; what about Luppie and Solcha, which see. 17 Robinson Row, Hull. Goodison 1; Loomes 1.
LAPREY see Lippershey. Nachet.
LARAUX, P. DE England, c.1711, MIM designed a garden sundial which was made in 1711 by J. van der Cloese; see Jacob van der Cloese. Stamford. Evans 1?; RSW.
LARBRE, CECILE France, 1867, MIM SIM Alidade with Level, ivory on tortoise shell = TIM. S.G.D.G.; breveté. Reims. Evans 1; RSW.
LARDIER, FRA J. France, 1567, MIM Armillary Sphere, 1567 = Troyes. Evans 1.
LARESCHE, ANCIENNE MAISON France, pre-1833, MIM succeeded by Henry Robert, which see. Paris. RSW.
LARGE England, c.1820, PHIM barometer maker. Melton Mowbray. Bell 2.
LARGE, JOSEPH USA, fl.1852-63, PHIM Aneroid Barometer = Maine Historical Society, Portland. New York, N.Y. USNM.
LARKIN, THOMAS England, c.1800, NIM T.C. Soth. 11/16/87.
LARMOUR AND CO. USA, NIM Octant = Seamans Institute, N.Y. Baltimore, Md. USNM.
LAROCHE France, c.1800, OIM made achromatic telescopes. Paris. Daumas 1.
LAROSE FILS France, MIM SIM Theodolite = P.C. chez son père à Clermont. RSW.
LAROUE France, 18th Century, PHIM invented and made the first spherometer. Paris. Daumas 1.
LARTIGUE France, c.1777, MIM globe maker; engineer. Nachet.
LASACHER, JOHANN MICHAEL Germany, MIM Horizontal Sundial = PRA. Zinner 1.
LASHBROOK, THOMAS England, c.1701, MIM apprenticed to Richard Conyers of the Clockmakers' Company on April 3, 1693; free of the Company, Sept. 29, 1701; took apprentices. London. J. Brown 3.
LASHBROOKE, HENRY England, c.1727, apprenticed to John Crooke 1 or 2 in the Joiners' Company on Oct. 3, 1727. Crawforth 7.
LASNIER France, fl.1693-1740, MIM SIM made a wide range of mathematical instruments including sundials and graphometers that may be seen at ADL, NMM, THO, LIE, HAY, WHI, KEN, VEN, NAC, AMST, etc. aux Deux Globes, Paris. Daumas 1; Clay and Court; Nachet; KEN; Mörzer Bruyns 1; USNM; Michel 1, 3 and 9; Price 2; Engelmann 1; Brieux 3; NMM 2; Dewhirst; ADL; RSW.
LASSERE, MICHEL Michel Lasséré; see Père Chérubin. Nachet.
LASSETER England, c.1810, OIM 8 Green Street, Leicester Square, London. Taylor 2(1375).
LATTREE France, c.1771, MIM Celestial Globe = Nouveau Drouot 5/20/88. "Chez Lattrée graveur ordinaire du Roi, de M. le Duc d'Orléans et de la Ville"; "Autre privilège et approbat de MM. de l'Academie Rle. des Sciences"; the globe was probably prepared by Lalande and published by Lattrée. Chez Lattrée rue St. Jacques à la Ville de Bord, Paris. RSW.
LAUN, A. EN J. VAN Holland, fl.1816-30, MIM PHIM Orreries = P.C., LEY, DEU (1825); Thermometer = P.C. Abrahan Hartog and Jacob van Laun; sons of Hartog van Laun. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2; Zinner 1; Rooseboom 1; van der Star 1; RSW.
LAUN, H. VAN, EN ZONEN Holland, fl.1802-15, MIM PHIM Horizon Rings and Stands = LRY, RIJ, NMM, Ellburg Museum; Tellurium (partial) = FRA. Hartog van Laun and his sons, Abraham and Jacob. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2; Zinner 1.
LAUN, H. VAN, EN ZOON Holland, fl.1802-15, MIM PHIM Planetariums = Leiden Sternewacht, Zutphen Museum, LEY; Horizon Ring and Stand = TEY; Electrometer = UTR. probably Hartog van Laun and his son Abraham van Laun. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2; Zinner 1.
LAUN, HARTOG ABRAHAM VAN Holland, 1733-1815, MIM OIM PHIM Microscope = LEY; Planetariums = LEY, Physics Laboratory, Amsterdam; Attwood Machine = Museum of Education, The Hague. pupil of John Cuthbertson; see H. van Laun en Zon. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2; Rooseboom 1; van der Star 1.
LAUN, JACOB VAN Holland; France, c.1778-1832, MIM PHIM Rule = P.C. worked with his father, Hartog van Laun, 1802-15, and with his brother, Abraham, 1816-32. Amsterdam; Launay, France (c.1800). Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2; RSW.
LAUR, JEAN ANTOINE France, c.1850, MIM exhibited in the 1851 Great Exhibition in London. 4, Rue St. Claude au Marais, Paris. G.L'E. Turner 24.
LAURENS, W.J. Holland, OIM Telescope = P.C. Hoorn. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
LAURETUS, CHRISTOPHER France, 1598, marked "Ex. Mente Christophori Laureti Agendicensis 1598" on an astrolabe, ADL-M31, which is signed "Martinot Fecit", which see. Sens. Engelmann 1; Price 1; ICA 2; Gunther 1; ADL; RSW.
LAURIE, JAMES Scotland, fl.1792-98, MIM OIM PHIM see Gardner and Laurie (1792-98); partner with John Gardner 1. Glasgow. Bryden 3; Clarke et al.
LAURIER, FRAN France, 18th Century, MIM Horizontal Sundial, string gnomon = OXF; Sundial, silver = P. & S. 3/20/1896; Diptych Sundial, silver = P.C. Blois. Evans 1; Michel 3; RSW.
LAUTERBACH, A.B. Germany, 1716, MIM Münster-type Universal Sundial = X. Jena. Zinner 6.
LAUTERBACH, HIERONYMUS Austria, fl.1556-77, MIM Pillar Sundial, 1576 = GRA. Graz. Zinner 1.
LAUTERBACH, JOH. BALT. Germany, 1683, MIM Celestial Globe, 1683 = LND. Zinner 6.
LAVAL France, 1786, MIM Steelyard, 1786 = CNAM. Cons. Nat'l 1; Destombes 4.
LAVERACK, HENRY England, c.1830, MIM 35 Bridgewater Street, Liverpool. Taylor 2(1913).
LAVIGNE Belgium?, 1794, MIM Garden Sundial, granite, 1794 = LIE. Michel 9.
LAVINGANUS, BRENTEL 1627-29, MIM Cube Sundial, wood and paper, 1627 = NOR. RSW.
LAWLEY England, 19th.Century, see Millikan and Lawley. RSW.
LAWLEY, W. England, post-1850, OIM Microscope = Soth. 7/12/71. 78 Fardingdon Street, London, E.C. RSW.
LAWRENCE England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
LAWRENCE AND MAYO England, c.1850, MIM NIM Sextants = Soth.2/22/71, Melun 4/24/83; Cannon Sundial = D.(1977). the sextant sold at Sotheby has the Nat'l Physical Lab. Certificate; the Melun sextant is signed "Lawrence et Maye." London. RSW. WEBDB.
LAWRENCE ET MAYE see Lawrence and Mayo.
LAWRENCE, A.B.D. England, MIM Nest of Weights = Soth. 4/22/65. RSW.
LAWRENCE, BENJAMIN England, c.1750, MIM apprenticed to James Rowley of the Clockmakers' Company on July 6, 1730. J. Brown 3.
LAWSON England, c.1810, PHIM Wheel Barometer with clock = D.(1984). clock is by J.N. Edwards, London. Bishopsgate Street, London. RSW.
LAWSON, HENRY England, fl.1796-1839, OIM brother of Johnson Lawson; apprenticed to Edward Nairne (his step-father), of the Spectaclemakers' Company on Dec. 6, 1788; free of the Company by servitude, April 12, 1796; Master of the Company, 1803-05. 45 Gower Street (1817); 12 Chancery Lane (1839); both in London. Court and von Rohr 3(224); Clay and Court.
LAWSON, JOHNSON England, fl.1796-1813, OIM brother of Henry Lawson; apprenticed to Edward Nairne of the Spectaclemakers' Company in 1789; free of the Company on April 12, 1796; Master of the Company in 1813. 11 Bedford Street, Bedford Lane, London. Court and von Rohr 3(225).
LAYBOURN England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Royston. Goodison 1.
LAZARS, J. Scotland, c.1838, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Phillips 12/2/87. may be Lizars ? Edinburgh. RSW.
LE BAS France, 18th Century, MIM Sector = NMM. probably Philippe-Claude Le Bas. Paris. NMM 2.
LE BAS ET MENARD France, post-1650, OIM Le Bas et Ménard. Paris. Daumas 1.
LE BAS FILS France, fl.1688-1721, OIM Telescope, Gregorian = Prin Coll. son of Philippe-Claude Le Bas; succeeded his mother, Veuve Le Bas. Paris. Daumas 1.
LE BAS, PHILIPPE-CLAUDE France, fl.1669-76, MIM OIM SIM Telescopic Quadrant = ADL-M186; Telescope = ADL-W179; Telescope, large = Bonnier de la Mosson Coll.; Microscope = Père Lami (1703); Proportional Compass, 1669 = X. optician to the King; made very fine lenses; shop carried on by his widow and, later by his son; ADL quadrant is signed "divisé par Le Bas", and has a micrometer attachment by Pierre Le Maire in 1741. aux Galleries du Louvre, Paris. Daumas 1; Ronfort 1; Engelmann 1; Nachet; ADL; RSW.
LE BAS, VEUVE France, fl.1676-80, OIM succeeded her husband, Philippe-Claude Le Bas; made instruments for the Paris Observatory. Paris. Daumas 1.
LE COEUR see Lecour Taylor 2(375).
LE FEBURE, ADRIEN France, 1640, MIM Ring Sundial, 1640 = USNM. Paris. RSW.
LE GENDRE France, MIM Table Sundial (incomplete), with case = P.C. au Pantographe, Paris. RSW.
LE GROS, PETER JOSEPH Ireland, fl.1835-39, MIM 22 Joy Street (1835); 46 Joy Street (1839); both in Belfast. Morrison-Low and Burnett.
LE JARS France, c.1850, OIM successor to Maison Richer. L'Hermite, Paris. RSW.
LE LACHEUR AND LENFESTEY England, c.1800, PHIM Wheel Barometer = D.(Oct. 1975). Guernsey. RSW.
LE MAIRE France, fl.1846-c. 90, OIM Telescope, binocular = OXF; Opera Glasses = P.C., K. and C. 11/24/76. K. and C. signed "Le Maire Fabi", for "`fabrique"? rue de Ménilmontant, 22, Paris. USNM; G.L'E. Turner 24.
LE MAIRE ET FILS France, c.1740, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial = Oudheidkunige Museum, Ghent; Rule, folding = Christie 12/18/74. Jacques Le Maire and his son, Pierre Le Maire 2. à la Pierre d'Aimant; au Quartier Anglais; both in Paris. RSW.
LE MAIRE FILS France, Gunnery Level = D.(1994). see Pierre Le Maire 2; sometimes signed "Le Maire le Fils." Paris. Coffeen 46; RSW.
LE MAIRE LE FILS Pierre Le Maire 2 was the son of Jacques Le Maire. Daumas 1.
LE MAIRE, FRANCOIS France, c.1700, MIM Equatorium = Jaipur Observatory. François Le Maire. Paris. Poulle 8; Brieux 2.
LE MAIRE, HENRI France, c.1675, MIM father of Pierre Le Maire 1. Paris. Gaines.
LE MAIRE, JACQUES France, fl.1720-40, MIM OIM made many sundials of various types including one invented by Julien Le Roy; examples can be seen in many museums including CNAM, TIM, BM, OXF, NMM, Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, Pa., WHI, etc. father of Pierre Le Maire 2; some sundials are signed "fait par Jacques Le Maire et inventé par Julien Le Roy de la Société des Arts au Génie, Paris"; developed a variant of the Newtonian telescope in 1728; made a variant of the Hadley quadrant. au Génie, Paris. Daumas 1; Bryden 16; Evans 1; Brieux 2; Cons. Nat'l 1; Destombes 4; NMM 2; Price 3; Ward 4; USNM; A.J. Turner 10; RSW.
LE MAIRE, JEAN France, MIM member of the "Corporation des Fondeurs". Paris. Augarde.
LE MAIRE, NICOLAS France, c.1683, MIM Butterfield-type Sundials = HAY, Drouot Richelieu 4/28/88, Lempertz-464; Graphometer = Versailles 11/19/78; Instrument = CNAM; Universal Ring Sundial = A-P 3/15/76. the sundial at Drouot is for 47°33'. Paris. Daumas 1; RSW.
LE MAIRE, PIERRE 1 France, c.1675, MIM Pantometer (sighting instrument) = CNAM. son of Henri Le Maire. sur le quai des Morfundus au Cercle divisé, Paris. Daumas 1; Gaines.
LE MAIRE, PIERRE 2 France, 1717-85, MIM NIM PHIM made sundials, mathematical instruments and lodestones which can be seen in many museums including ADL, GEP, BASH, MUN, PAK, MLL, USNM, CNAM, NMM, PMM, BM, HAY, Louvre, Cambridge Archaeological Museum, Snowshill, STT, DRE, WHI, etc. added a micrometer in 1741 to the Le Bas quadrant, ADL-M186; the ADL-DPW31 lodestone is dated 1754 and another, from a 1975 sale is dated 1738; a marine compass, 1744 (PMM) is signed "Le Maire le fils quai de l'Horloge, Paris", from And.-SPI. sale; see Le Maire Fils and Le Maire le Fils. au nouveau quartier anglais, quai de l'Horloge du Palais, au coin de la rue du Harloy; à la Pierre d'Aimant; both in Paris. Daumas 1; Price 2 and 3; Ward 4; Pipping 1; Drechsler 2; USNM; Dewhirst; Courtanvaux; Wynter 1; Coffeen A and 46; Engelmann 1; RSW; Bryden 16; Bedini 8; Syndram; ADL.
LE MANCHOT, JEHAN France, c.1562, MIM mentioned as maker of sundials. Blois. Michel 3.
LE MARIEE France, c.1790, OIM Microscope = LEY. Le Mariée. Strasbourg. Daumas 1.
LE NOUR misreading for Lenoir (Etienne). USNM.
LE REBOURG France, misreading for Lerebours. RSW.
LE REBOURS misreading for Lerebours.
LE ROY 1 France, c.1700, MIM Universal Sundial, silver and brass = Spaulding Coll; Universal Sundial, silver = Hamilton = McVitty = P-B 1/22/54. may be single instrument. Paris. Hamilton 2.
LE ROY 2 France, c.1714, MIM son-in-law of Jean Pigeon; constructed an armillary sphere with him in 1714. Lyon. Guye et Michel.
LE ROY 3 France, c.1800, MIM Armillary Sphere = MADEX; Sundial, oval, silver = P-B 1/22/54. Paris. RSW.
LE ROY, J.B. England, c.1820, NIM Octant = De Young Museum, San Francisco; Quadrant, ebony, ivory and brass = D.(1981). Jersey. USNM; Moskowitz.
LE ROY, JEAN-BAPTISTE France, fl.pre-1751-1800, OIM PHIM son of Julien Le Roy; made electrical machines, microscopes and telescopes; member of French Academy of Sciences, 1751. Moskowitz 122.
LE ROY, JULIEN France, 1686-1759, MIM Equatorial Sundial, silver = NMM-D.90; Inclinable Sundials = D.(1986), Drouot 4/7/87. clockmaker; "ancien directeur de la Société des Arts" ; invented an inclinable sundial, "Cadran Universel et à Meridienne. Fait et inventé par Julien Le Roi", also made by Jacques Le Maire, example at WHI,; invented a vertical sundial made by Gérard. la Société des Arts, Paris. Daumas 1; Michel 1; Price 3; Ward 4; USNM; NMM 2; Wynter 1; Bryden 16; RSW.
LE SAGE, F. France, c.1856, PHIM Barometer = Soth. 5/19/72. Paris. RSW.
LE SENEY, SEBASTIAN France; England, fl.1538-47, MIM Astrolabe = BM (ICA-305). instrument maker to Henry VIII. Normandy; St. Margeret's, Westminster, London (1541). Taylor 1(11a); Gunther 1; Price 1 and 3; Ward 4; ICA 2; RSW.
LE TELLIER, JACQUES France, c.1780, MIM Pillar Sundials, ivory = VEN, Evans Coll., P. and S. 4/3/1894. may be c.1660; VEN is marked "A.B." (5) on bottom. Dieppe. Evans 1; Earle; Dewhirst; Price 2; RSW.
LE TELLIER, NICOLLAS France, 1632, NIM Mariner's Astrolabe, 1632 = CAU. ICA-322; NMM-17; National Maritime Museum Registery of Mariner's Astrolabe; lost in World War II. Honnefleur. Gunther 1; Price 1; ICA 2; Waters 1; Anthiaume et Sottas; A. Stimson 3; Evans 1.
LE-SECQ France, c.1815, PHIM Barometer = USNM. de la Gorgue, Dept. du Nord. Middleton 4.
LEA, ANNE England, fl.1701-30, MIM widow of Philip Lea; globe maker; in partnership with her son-in-law, Richard Glynne, 1712-25; also produced maps. at the Atlas and Hercules in Cheapside (1701-12); at the Atlas and Hercules in Fleet Street (1720-25); both in London. Tyacke 1.
LEA, JOHN England, c.1626, apprenticed to John Blighton 1 of the Grocers' Company on June 24, 1626. J. Brown 1.
LEA, PHILIP England, fl.1689-1700, MIM Planispheres = Burton Constable (2). apprenticed to Robert Morden of the Weavers' Company in 1675; free of the Company in 1683; father-in-law of Richard Glynne; Lea published maps and globes; succeeded by his widow, Anne Lea in 1701; see Morden, Berry and Lea. at the Atlas and Hercules in the Poultry over against the old Jury (1683-86); at the Atlas and Hercules in Cheapside next to the corner of Friday Street (1687-1700) and also in Westminster Hall near the Court of Common Pleas (1689-95); all in London. Tyacke 1; Elizabeth Hall; NMM 2; Evans 1; Taylor 1(309); Daumas 1; Dawson 216; Crawforth 6; RSW.
LEA, R. England, PHIM barometer maker. Ringwood. Bell 2.
LEACH England, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. probably George Leach. Salisbury. Goodison 1.
LEACH, CALEB USA, c.1800, MIM Orrery = Pere Fobes (c.1800). clockmaker; Asa Hall assisted in the construction. Plymouth, Mass. Bedini 8.
LEACH, GEORGE England, fl.1830-60, PHIM watch and clockmaker; see Leach. Exeter Street, Salisbury (1830). Goodison 1.
LEADBETTER, CHARLES England, fl.1715-69, designed a new slide rule with a third slide in 1739; author. Hand and Pen, Cock Lane, Shore-ditch, London. Taylor 2(84); Delehar 2.
LEAKE, FAITH England, 1678, apprenticed to Daniel Quare 1 in the Clockmakers' Company, 1678. J. Brown 3.
LEAKE, JOHN England, fl.1650-86, MIM made a globe sundial for Leadenhall Corner (1655); invented a rule for solving spherical triangles. London. Taylor 1(239).
LEALAND see Powell and Lealand. G.L'E. Turner 1.
LEALAND, P. England, fl.1826-40, MIM OIM SIM Theodolite, 1826 = J. Nixon (1826); Rule, three-foot = ADL-A267. may be connected with Powell and Lealand. 24 Great Clarendon Street, Summerstown, London (1836-40). Taylor 2(1618); G.L'E. Turner 24; ADL; RSW.
LEAN, JOEL England, c.1790, mine manager; developed an improved miner's dial. Cornwall. G.L'E. Turner 24.
LEANIE AND CO. England, OIM Microscope = D.(1972). Church Street, Liverpool. RSW.
LEAR, ANTHONY JAMES England, fl.1828-36, MIM PHIM 4 Arlington Street (1828-29); 36 St. John's Lane (1832-36); both in Clerkenwell, London. Taylor 2(1914); O'Mara.
LEAVIT, JACOB USA, 1760, MIM Window Sundial, 1760 = USNM. Massachusetts. RSW.
LEAVITT, WILLIAM USA, 1801-83, may have invented a string course protractor. Salem, Mass. Brewington 1.
LEBEGUE, J., ET CIE. France, MIM Terrestrial Globes on iron stands = Christie-SK 8/20/87 (2), Gersaint, La Rochelle 7/20/96. "éditeurs fabricants." 30 Rue de Lille, Paris. RSW.
LEBLI, S. England, c.1825, PHIM Thermometer = D. Portsea Town. RSW.
LEBOURS France, MIM Sector = D.(1968). Lerebours? RSW.
LEBRUN, ALEXANDRE France, c.1850, MIM displayed at the 1851 Great Exhibition in London; Salomon was his agent at 22 Red Lion Square, London. 3 rue Chapon, Paris. G.L'E. Turner 24.
LEBRUN, JEHAN France, c.1642, MIM "Chez Jehan Lebrun faiseur de sphères, astrolabes et autres instruments géometriques......"; inscription on a paper astrolabe (ICA-220) by G. Picquet at CNAM. Rue St. Jacques, au Globe celéste, Paris. Daumas 1; Cons. Nat'l 1; Destombes 4; Price 1; Gunther 1; ICA 2; Michel 3.
LEBUS, LE MAITRE France, 1747, MIM Variation Compass, 1747 = PMM Paris. Price 2; RSW.
LECLAIR France, c.1680, MIM Calipers, large, gilt-brass = MAD, ROU-166 = Doucet-249 = P.C. hidden signature under the cover of the pivot; Doucet thought the date was c.1780; probably J.-B. Leclair. Rue Dauphine à l'image Nôtre Dame, Paris. Nachet; Daumas 1; Michel 3 & 5; Evans 1; Doucet Cat.; RSW.
LECLAIR, J.-B. France, c.1780?, MIM probably the same as "Leclair." Doucet Cat.
LECLERC France, 1527, MIM Nocturnal, 1527 = ROU-74. Paris. Michel 3.
LECLERC, ALEXIS France, 1715, instrument maker? Paris. Doucet Cat.
LECLERC, FRANCOIS France, 1604, MIM François Leclerc; brother of Jacques Leclerc. Doucet Cat.
LECLERC, JACQUES 1 France, 1604, MIM brother of François Leclerc. Doucet Cat.
LECLERC, JACQUES 2 France, 1715, instrument maker? Paris. Doucet Cat.
LECLERC, LOUIS France, 1715, instrument maker? Paris. Doucet Cat.
LECLERC, PIERRE 1 France, 1715, instument maker? Paris. Doucet Cat.
LECLERC, PIERRE 2 France, 1741, instrument maker? Paris. Doucet Cat.
LECOMTE, FRANCOIS France, c.1800, PHIM Barometer with movable scale = CNAM. François Lecomte. Middleton 1.
LECOUR, JAMES 1 England, fl.1743-61, OIM apprenticed to Matthew Loft of the Spectaclemakers' Company on July 29, 1736; free of the Company, Oct. 6, 1743; sold anamorphic images. Dean Street, Fetter Lane, London (1761). Taylor 2(375); Court and von Rohr 3(139).
LECOUR, JAMES 2 England, c.1770, OIM apprenticed to Peter Dollond of the Spectaclemakers' Company on Oct 3, 1770. London. Taylor 2(375); Court and von Rohr 3(198).
LEDERMULLER, MARTIN FROBIN Germany, 1719-69, Ledermüller; developed a simple microscope; author. Nürnberg. Nachet; Daumas 1.
LEE, GEORGE England, c.1830, NIM T.C. 33 The Hard, Portsea. RSW.
LEE, GEORGE, AND SON England, fl.1847-80, MIM NIM OIM Artificial Horizon = Soth. 11/9/59. T.C.; "Mathematical, Optical and Nautical Instrument Makers to the Hon. Corporation of Trinity House and the Admiralty"; "established 1847." Ordnance Row, The Hard, Portsea and 3 Palmerston Road, Southsea. Calvert 2; O'Mara; G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW; Crawforth 1.
LEE, JOHN England, c.1810, citizen and clothworker; William Rise, an apprentice, was turned over to him by John Symons of the Grocers' Company. J. Brown 2.
LEE, MRS. PHILIP England, misreading for Anne Lea. Clay and Court; Daumas 1.
LEE, NEWMARCH England, 1824, NIM Compass Card, 1824 = in Thomas Smith azimuth compass. T.C. in box of Fairey octant. Hull. NMM 2; Moskowitz 102.
LEE, PHILLIP misreading for Philip Lea. Clay and Court; Daumas 1.
LEE, S. AND S. England, c.1830, OIM 15 Clement Street, Leamington. Taylor 2(1915).
LEECH, ABSOLOM England, MIM Sundial in a walking stick = OXF. Evans 1.
LEEK, JOHN see John Leake. Gatty.
LEENHARDT Holland, 1779, MIM Perpetual Calendar, 1779 = SPI. Nachet thought he was German. Michel 3; Nachet.
LEEUWARDEN, WEDUWE SIMON VAN Holland, c.1744, MIM NIM OIM the widow of Simon van Leeuwarden; sold compasses, sandglasses, telescopes, sounding leads, etc. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 5.
LEEUWENHOEK, ANTONI VAN Holland, 1632-1723, OIM Microscopes = LEY, NAC, DEU, UTR, Zeiss-Jena, van Heurck Coll., etc. Antoni van Leeuwenhoek; made the first simple microscope for his own research, of which nine are known to still exist, including one in the van Heurck Coll. housed at the Antwerp Zoo. Delft. Rooseboom 1 & 2; van der Star 1; Dewhirst; Bradbury; Nachet; Daumas 1; G.L'E. Turner 10, 14 and 23; Clay and Court; A.J. Turner 10; J. van Zuylen; Darius 4.
LEFEBIERE France, 1745, MIM NIM SIM Telescope on Graphometer, 1745 = NMM-Si/G.14. Etienne-Jean Lefebvre? au Grand Turc, Paris. NMM 2.
LEFEBRISE France, c.1814, MIM misreading for Lefèvre on planisphere at CNAM. Grimaldi(987).
LEFEBURE alternate spelling for Lefebvre and Lefèvre. Daumas 1.
LEFEBURE, J. France, MIM SIM Surveying Level = Christie 12/18/74. RSW.
LEFEBVRE ET POULAIN France, NIM Protractors, marine = Versailles 11/20/83 (2). Or LEFEBVRE ET POULIN, as suggested. RSW; WEBDB.
LEFEBVRE, ETIENNE-JEAN France, d.1753, MIM NIM OIM SIM Equatorial Sundials = NMM-D.78 and 89, WRAY, CNAM; Butterfield-type Sundials, silver = PEA, PRIN, Soth. 10/19/64; Marine Compass with alidade and level = VNN; Levels = CNAM, P.C.; Magnifier for graphometer, 1745 = NMM; etc. perhaps son of Jean Lefèvre; sometimes signed "Lefèvre" or "Lefebure." au Grand Turc (1745); rue de la Grande-Truanderie (1753); both in Paris. Daumas 1; Cons. Nat'l 1; Destombes 4; Michel 1 and 3; Hamilton 1; A.J. Turner 10; RSW.
LEFEBVRE, J. France, MIM Level = Melun 6/10/79. RSW.
LEFEVER, CHARLES England, fl.1829-58, MIM PHIM apprenticed to Thomas Lefever in the Merchant Taylors' Company; free of the Company. 14 Duncan Place, Hackney, London. Taylor 2(1620); Crawforth 7.
LEFEVER, GEORGE England, c.1823, PHIM made barometers and watches; silversmith; jeweler. Market Place, Wisbech. Bell 2.
LEFEVER, THOMAS England, c.1824, MIM PHIM apprenticed to Thomas Ventom in the Merchant Taylors' Company; free of the Company; took apprentices. 1 College Place, Highbury Vale, London. Taylor 2(1621); O'Mara; Crawforth 7.
LEFEVRE, J. France, 1798, MIM Garden Sundial, slate, 1798 = LIE. J. Lefèvre. Michel 9.
LEFEVRE, JEAN France, 1650-1706, MIM OIM Terrestrial and Celestial Planispheres, wood and paper = CNAM; Quadrant, 1702 = Marseilles Observatory; Level with two Telescopes = CNAM; Level= Peron et Corsy, Melun 6/10/79; Inkstand, travelling = Soth. 1/27/48. Lefèvre; invented a micrometer, 1705; made instruments for the Académie des Sciences including 2 micrometers, a microscope, etc.; inkstand is probably part of an etui, it has the address on it. au deux Globes, Paris. Daumas 1; Michel 3; Cons. Nat'l 1; Destombes 4; Evans 1; RSW.
LEFFLER, M. Sweden, NIM Compass Rose, paper = GMM. Göteborg. RSW.
LEFRANC, ANDRE France, 1652, PHIM Set of Weights, 1652 = CNAM. André Lefranc. Cons. Nat'l 1; Destombes 4.
LEFRANCOIS, A. France, c.1850, MIM Cannon Sundial = Soth. 1969 = ADL-N35. "Maison Vantier et Marc Ingénieurs-Opticiens, A. Lefrançois successeur." 174 Galerie de Valois, Palais Royal, Paris. ADL; RSW.
LEGA, GERARD PETRUS RUDOLPHUS Holland, 1773-1845, NIM worked with his father, Ignatius Lega. Rotterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
LEGA, IGNATIUS Holland, 1737-97, NIM Compass, 1787 = AMST; Crown Compasses = AMST (1778), Christie 6/7/72. father of Gerard Petrus Rudolphus Lega; the 1787 compass is also marked "A.K." (4). Rotterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 1 and 2; RSW.
LEGA, IGNATIUS AND GERARD PETRUS R. Holland, c.1799, NIM Crown Compass, 1799 = AMST Ignatius Lega and his son, Gerard Petrus Rudolphus Lega; the compass is also marked "A.K." (4). Rotterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2.
LEGEY France, pre-1833, MIM NIM Mathematical Instruments = CNAM; Marine Compass = CNAM; Rules = CNAM; Folding Square = ADL-W135. Paris. Cons. Nat'l 1; Destombes 4; ADL; RSW.
LEGGET, DAVID England, fl.1832-34, MIM PHIM 35 Tavistock Street, Covent Garden, London. Taylor 2(1622); O'Mara.
LEGRAND France, c.1725, MIM Graphometer = ADL-A141; Butterfield-type Sundial = P.C. Paris. ADL; RSW.
LEGRAND, C. France, 18th Century, OIM Microscope = X. Douai. Nachet.
LEGRIS France, c.1840, NIM Octant, ebony and ivory = La Rochelle 7/16/83; Marine Compass = OMM. "opticien." Le Havre. RSW.
LEGROS France, pre-1814, MIM Terrestrial Globe = CNAM. Cons. Nat'l 1; Destombes 4.
LEGRY France, MIM Hygrometer = Drouot 3/9/70. Le Havre. RSW.
LEGUIN, STEPHEN England, c.1790, designed a longitude-finding instrument and a new log. Taylor 2(1004).
LEHEUX, R. misreading for Lekeux. Christie 7/28/70.
LEHMANN Germany, c.1742, MIM Hodometer = DRE. worked for Reichsgraf Hans Löser. Reinharz. Zinner 1; Drechsler 2; Chaldecott 4.
LEHMANN, BURKART Germany, 1615, MIM Instrument, 1615 = DEU-5140. Price 2.
LEHNBERG, CARL Sweden, fl.1725-68, OIM Achromatic Telescope, 1760 = SWE. optical instrument maker to the Royal Swedish Academy of Science from 1756 to 1768; made the first achromatic telescope in Sweden, 1760; made a member of the Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1756. Stockholm. Pipping 1; RSW.
LEHNER, ANDREAS Germany, 18th Century, MIM Horizontal Sundial = BEK. Munich. Zinner 1.
LEHNER, THOMAS Germany, 1747, MIM Horary Quadrant, wood, 1747 = DEU; Diptych Sundial, wood = Drecker Collection = P.C. the diptych dial is for 48°. Geiselhöring. Zinner 1; RSW.
LEIBNITZ, GOTTFRIED Germany, 1646-1716, greatly improved the calculating machine by a new method of multiplying, 1671-94; invented a small lens; author; had the idea of the aneroid barometer. Frankfort. Nachet; Von Mackensen 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; Middleton 1.
LEIGH, SAMUEL England, c.1830, Urania's Mirror = ADL, Soth. 10/3/88, etc. sets of constellation cards pierced to show star locations. 18 Strand, London. Sperling; ADL; RSW.
LEITNER, JACOB SIGMUND Germany, c.1775, MIM SIM Graphometer = NUR. Nürnberg. RSW.
LEITZ, E. Germany, c.1893, OIM PHIM Microscopes, etc. Wetzlar. RSW.
LEJARD ET CIE. France, c.1850, MIM Slide Rule = D.(1972). La Maison Richer, L'Hermite, Paris. Moskowitz 103.
LEKEUX, RICHARD England, fl.1777-1838, MIM NIM OIM Octants = MAN (1784), GEP (1787), X, DNM, PEA, PMS, OMM, Glasgow Museums and Art Gallery/ Larvik Marine Museum, Norway/ Museo Navale, Madrid, D.(1997), etc.; Sextant = AVI; Telescope = Christie 7/28/70; Hadley's Quadrant = P.C. (1987). apprenticed to Thomas Ripley 1 of the Grocers' Company, 1770; turned over to Walton Willcox, member of the Joiners' Company, 1775; free of the Grocers' 1777 and Fishmongers' Companies; took apprentices; octant at X is signed "R.L." No.137 near Execution Dock, Wapping (1787-88); 137 Hermitage Bridge, Wapping; 138 Wapping High Street; 103 Wapping near Execution Dock; No. 168 near King Edward Stairs, Wapping; 13 High Street (1826); all in London. Taylor 2(862); Garcia 1; Bryden 9; Brewington 1; USNM; Moskowitz 107; Crawforth 7; Coffeen 58; RSW.
LELLI, J. England, PHIM Thermometer = Pym Sale. Portsea Town. RSW.
LELLI, S. 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Chichester. Goodison 1.
LELLI, S. 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Phillips 8/12/87. Newport, Isle of Wight. RSW.
LELUBOIS, J. France, c.1850, MIM invented an accountant's slide rule; example at OXF. G.L'E. Turner 24.
LEMAINDRE, N. France, MIM Equatorial Sundials, silver = MERC, P.C., P-B 1/22/54. Blois. Hamilton 1; USNM; RSW.
LEMAIRE see Le Maire.
LEMAIRE, NICHOLAS France, c.1730, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial = Soth. 4/18/88. probably N. Le Maire, which see. Paris. RSW.
LEMARDELEY France, 1846-, OIM microscope maker. 127 rue de la Glacière, Paris. USNM.
LEMBKE see Gall and Lembke.
LEMIERE France, 19th Century, OIM Lorgnette Glass = Soth. 5/27/25; Telescope = Christie-SK 9/11/86; Monocular = Christie-SK 4/17/86. Palais Royal No. 6, Paris. RSW.
LENAERTS, T.B. France, 1770, MIM Sundial, 1770 = Evans Coll. Malines. Evans 1.
LENEL misreading for Lennel.
LENELIN, M. 1729, MIM Quadrant, 1729 = Soth. 1973. five-inch radius. RSW.
LENELL misreading for Lennel. Cons. Nat'l 1.
LENFESTEY England, c.1800, see Le Lacheur and Lenfestey. Guernsey. RSW.
LENNEL France, fl.1774-84, MIM NIM OIM SIM Graphometers = D.(1988) (1775), PNM (1781), CNAM, D.(1774), OMM (1774), CZO (1778), VCW (1776), P.C. (1987) (1775), RSM (1774), Chayette 6/28/86 (1778); Meridian Telescope, 1774 = POB; Marine Compass = PNM; Water Levels = D.(1974) (1774), P.C. (1987) (1775, 1776); Mathematical Instrument Set = CNAM; Sector = USNM; Rule, folding, 1774 = CNAM; Surveyor's Compass = WHI; Telescopic Quadrant = CNAM. "Elève et successeur de Me. Canivet à la Sphère"; "Ingénieur du Roi et de la Marine"; succeeded by his widow. A la Sphère, Quai de l'Ecole entre le café de Parnasse et la Miroitier, Paris. Daumas 1; Destombes 4; Cons. Nat'l 1; Nachet; Wynter and Turner; Courtanvaux; USNM; Evans 1; Wynter 1; MADEX; O. Brown 1; J.A. Bennett 2; A.J. Turner 10; Coffeen 20; RSW.
LENNEL, VEUVE France, c.1784, MIM SIM Surveying Level = Phillips 2/2/84; Alidade, box = D.(1976); Set of Drawing Instruments = Koller May, 1972. succeeded her husband; level also marked "Département de Figeac." Paris. Daumas 1; RSW.
LENNEP Germany?, fl.1780-90, PHIM Balances = DRE (1780), (1790), (undated). RSW.
LENNEP, ELIAS A Germany, fl.1663-94, MIM Astrolabe = Linz Staatsgymnasium (ICA-608). signed "Elias a Lennep Math. Cultor me fe."; mathematician. Lennep. Zinner 1; Price 1; ICA 2.
LENNEP, HEINRICH VAN Germany, fl.1667-1710, MIM NIM Mariner's Compass, 1667 = X; Celestial Globe, 1693 = KAS. decorated Diepel's celestial globe in 1683; finished celestial globe that was started by Burgi in 1585; see H.L. 2. Kassel. Zinner 1; Michel 3; Bryden 16.
LENNEP, JOHANN HARTMANN Germany, 1685-1753, MIM "mechaniker." Kassel. Baillie 1.
LENNIE Scotland, c.1850, MIM OIM PHIM Barometer = Christie-SK 11/27/86; Aneroid Barometer = Christie-SK 4/17/86; Cross-staff = FRK = RSM; Microscopes = FRK = RSM, D.(1872); Telescopes = FRK = RSM (6). Edinburgh. Morrison-Low 1; Moskowitz 105; RSW.
LENNIE AND CO. England, OIM Microscope, case = D.(1975). 62 Church Street, Liverpool. RSW.
LENNIE, E. Scotland, c.1850, PHIM Stick Barometers = RSM, Soth.-West Sussex 6/21/83. Edinburgh. Goodison 1; RSW.
LENNIE, JAMES Scotland, fl.1830-80, OIM Microscopes = Soth. 12/8/69, 5/21/73, 12/10/73. optician. 46 Princes Street, Edinburgh. RSW.
LENOIR 1 France, c.1830, MIM NIM OIM SIM made cicumferentors, graphometers, Borda circles, meter rods of steel, magnetic compasses, levels, rules, inclinometers, sectors, etc. which can be seen at many museums including ADL, CNAM, VCW, DRE, POB, COO, RSM, SWE, NOR, WHI, etc. can be either Etienne or Paul Etienne Lenoir; T.C. au dépot des Cartes et Plans de la Marine, Rue ci-devant Louis Le Grand, Paris. Daumas 1; Portuguese Inv.; Trois Siècles; Grötzsch 2; Cons. Nat'l 1; Destombes 4; O. Brown 1; Coffeen 15; Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
LENOIR 2 France, see "Schwartz dit Lenoir." Nachet; RSW.
LENOIR 3 France, Aneroid Barometer = D.(1972). modern work; "opticien." rue des Tournelles, Paris. RSW.
LENOIR FILS see Paul Etienne Lenoir.
LENOIR, ETIENNE France, 1744-1832, MIM NIM OIM SIM Measure = CNAM; Borda Circles = ADL-DPW33, CNAM, PNM, LEY, KEN, STT, USNM; Graphometers = MADEX, etc.; Sextants = KRA, WHI; Protractor with arm = P.C.; Surveying Cross = P.C.; Transit = D.(1986); Slide Rules = D.(1990), P.C., WHI. made a dividing engine, c.1783; claimed to have invented the repeating circle; "Ingénieur du Roi pour les instruments à l'usage des sciences"; T.C.; optician. rue de la Pelleterie (1785); No. 1, rue Basse-des-Ursins (1792); rue Cassette, 14 (post-1792); 301 rue Saint-Honoré (1810); Rue de la Place Vendôme, Hôtel du Dépot, Galerie de la Marine; au Petit Bénéfice, Quai de l'Horloge-du-Palais, No. 59 (1830); all in Paris; some his son's? Daumas 1; Calvert 2; Wynter 1; Pipping 1; Michel 3; Nachet; USNM; RSW; J.A. Bennett 2; Delehar 9; ADL; RSW.
LENOIR, PAUL ETIENNE France, 1776-1827, MIM OIM son of Etienne Lenoir; made astronomical instruments; fl. 1810-27. Paris; some listed in his father's entry may have been his. Daumas 1; Nachet; J.A. Bennett.
LENOIT misreading for Lenoir.
LENONE misreading of Zenone or Zenon. Goodison 1; Morrison-Low 1.
LENT, D.E. USA, c.1815, PHIM Stick Barometer = D. Rochester, N.Y. RSW.
LENTON, JOHN England, c.1830, OIM 14 Waingate, Sheffield. Taylor 2(1916).
LENVIE France, c.1810, PHIM Barometer = Società Torricelliana, Faenza. Paris. Middleton 1.
LENVIRE France, c.1789, MIM "Ingénieur." Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris.
LEO DE BALNEOLIS see Levi ben Gerson. A.J. Turner 10.
LEONAE, AMERIGO Italy, 1589, MIM Nocturnal with Rojas Astrolabe, 1589 = NMM-N.17. Rome. NMM 2.
LEONE England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Exeter. Goodison 1.
LEONE, JOHN England, c.1830?, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X (3), Soth 12/15/83. see J. Lione 2. Aylesbury. Goodison 1; RSW.
LEONI sometimes a variant spelling of Leone. Bell 2.
LEONI, F. England, c.1780, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Soth. 1/19/73. Andover. Goodison 1; RSW.
LEONI, G. USA, fl.1837-46, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = D.(1971). "Manufacturer and importer of mathematical, optical and philosophical instruments. glass-blowing in all its branches, barometers and thermometers." New York, N.Y. USNM; Moskowitz 102.
LEORA, P., AND CO. England, PHIM barometer makers. Church Street, Sheffield. Bell 2.
LEPAUTE France, c.1780, PHIM Barometer = Soth. 12/13/74. RSW.
LEPAUTE, HENRI France, c.1849, OIM Fresnel Lenses = Sankaty Light, Nantucket, Mass., Cape Hatteras Sankaty Light now in the Nantucket Whaling Museum. Paris. Warner 13; RSW.
LEPAUTE, JACQUES JOSEPH France, 1779-c.1830, MIM Planetarium Clock = Christie 3/28/73. Jacques Joseph Lepaute de Belle Fontaine. Paris. RSW.
LEPELTIER France, NIM Mariner's Compass = D.(1973). St. Malo. RSW.
LEPERE, GEORGE France, 1744, OIM Telescope, 1744 = ADL-M442. George Lepère. Quai de l'horloge du Palais, Paris. RSW.
LEPETIT France, NIM Sextant = Melun 4/24/83. signed "Lorieux, Le Petit Suc." Paris. RSW.
LEPETIT, A. France, 19th Century, MIM SIM Theodolite = Christie 12/18/74. successor of A. Berthélémy. Paris. RSW.
LEPETIT, ETS. France, NIM Circle and Sextant = Drouot 6/8/70. RSW.
LEPETTI France, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial, oval, silver = NOR. Paris. RSW.
LEPINE France, c.1725, MIM Multiplying Machine = USNM. Lépine; devised this type in 1725. A.J. Turner 10.
LEPINE, JEAN France, c.1710, MIM Calculating Machines = CNAM, Conti Coll. = COR; Astronomical Clock = Buckingham Palace. Jean Lépine. Paris. Baillie 1; Grimaldi.
LEPRIEUR France, see Derrien et LePrieur. RSW.
LERBONI AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. London. Goodison 1.
LEREBOURS ET SECRETAN France, 1845-55, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Holland Circle = DNM; Telescope = GEL; Microscopes = LEY, Ineichen 6/5/75, D.(1972), Cranbrook Institute of Science Michigan, Peron et Corsy, Melun 6/10/79; Level = CNAM; Pantograph = COO; Resonance apparatus = TEY. Noël-Marie-Paymal Lerebours and Marc Secretan. 13 Place du Pont-Neuf, Paris. Daumas 1; Destombes 4; Cons. Nat'l 1; van der Star 1; USNM; Wynter and Turner; G.L'E. Turner 7 & 24; Moskowitz; Portuguese Inventory; RSW.
LEREBOURS ET SECRETAN, MAISON France, post-1855, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Auguste and Georges Secretan, cousins; TC.; "Maison Lerebours et Secretan / Secretan Successeur." Paris. Moskowitz 122; Warner 13.
LEREBOURS, M.M. France, c.1847, OIM opticians to the Royal Observatory of Paris; sale of their work in London by Bullocks, 8/13/1847. Paris. Chaldecott 3; RGO.
LEREBOURS, NOEL-JEAN France, 1761-1840, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Sectors = CNAM, P.C. (1987); Telescopes = POB, CZJ (1810), Wesleyan U. (1835), USMA (1840), CNAM, La Rochelle 7/16/83, Soth. 12/13/65, ; Piezometer = USNM; Graphometers = USNM, Christie-NY 10/24/83, D.(1968); Horizontal Sundial = Versailles 11/20/83; Alidade = KRA; Rule = P.C. (1987); Standard Meter = D.(1991); etc. appointed engineer to the king, 1789; "Opticien de l'Observatoire Royale et de la Marine et du Bureau des Longitudes"; succeeded by his son, Noël-Marie-Paymal Lerebours; worked under Louvel until 1789. au Cloître Saint-Benoît; 69 Quai de l'Horloge (1789-93); Place de Pont-Neuf; all in Paris. Cons. Nat'l 1; Destombes 4; Daumas 1; Nachet; USNM; Moskowitz 122; Michel 3; Coffeen 35; Warner 13; RSW.
LEREBOURS, NOEL-MARIE-PAYMAL France, 1794-1855, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Surveying Instrument = D; Thermometer = Soth. 10/16/86. son of Noël-Jean Lerebours; succeeded his father in 1840; took Marc Secretan as a partner in 1845. 13 Place du Pont-Neuf, Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet; Poggendorff; Moskowitz 103; Warner 13; RSW.
LERGET, C. misreading for Clerget. RSW.
LERIEUX misreading for Lorieux.
LEROUX France, c.1850, NIM Octants = Randier, P.C. (1971). St. Malo. Randier; RSW.
LEROY see Le Roy.
LERRA, CARL ANDREAS Denmark, 1786-1871, MIM son of Johannes F.A. Lerra. Copenhagen. RSW.
LERRA, JOHANNES FRANCESCO ANTONIO Denmark, b.1735, PHIM Stick Barometers = OMM, Den Gamle By, Aarhus; Wheel Barometer = Den Gamle By, Aarhus; Thermometer, 1789 = OMM. instrument maker to King Fredrick V, 1761; father of Carl Andreas Lerra; see Ruspinus. Copenhagen. RSW.
LERRA, P. England, c.1800, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie 4/28/89. Leeds. RSW.
LERRA, P., AND CO. England, c.1800, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Barometer = Christie 1/15/70. Sheffield. Goodison 1; RSW.
LERUDE France, Barometer, 1743 = D.(1972). "Opticien"; modern work. rue St. Louis en l'ile, Paris. RSW.
LESEL, ALBRECHT see Lösel. Michel 3; Gouk 1; Zinner 1; Körber 1.
LESEL, MICHAEL Germany, b.1591 fl.1612-29, MIM Diptych Sundials, ivory = NMM-D.299 (1612), STU (1613), Breslau Schles. Museum für Kunstgewerbe (1624), OXF (1629), Konstanz Rosgarten Museum (1629), GRA (1629), BM (1629), LOS, Pannett Park Museum, Whitby, ADL-N22, etc. his mother was first married to Caspar Karner, and then to Albrecht Lösel, which see; mastermark is a crown. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Baillie 1; Thielmann; NMM 2; USNM; Price 3; Ward 4; Michel 3; Gouk 1; ADL; RSW.
LESIEUR France, 1818, MIM Calendar Clock, 1818 = D.(1976). Paris. RSW.
LESLIE, JOHN Scotland, 1766-1832, PHIM Hygrometer and Differential Thermometer, Photometer = Royal Observatory of Scotland Sale, 6/19/1848. Sir John Leslie; invented barometric scale to compute heights of mountains; invented the differential thermometer; F.R.S.; author; Professor of Mathematics, Edinburgh U., 1805-; instruments have platina scales. Edinburgh. Middleton 4; Taylor 2(863); USNM; G.L'E. Turner 24; Gunther 2; Chaldecott 3; RGO; RSW.
LESLIE, ROBERT USA, 1793, NIM Navigating Instrument, 1793 = X. Philadelphia, Pa. USNM; RSW.
LESNE France, c.1810, OIM optician and lens maker; see Boucher et Lesné. Paris. Nachet.
LESPINASSE, DE France, c.1780, MIM PHIM Meridian Sundial on clock = Wallace Coll.; Barometer = Wallace Coll. Paris. Baillie 1; Britten.
LESTANG see Etang.
LESUEUR France, 18th Century, MIM Butterfield-type Sundials, oval, silver = LIE, KEN. Gisors. Michel 3.
LETELLIER France, fl.1769-77+, OIM Microscope = CNAM. engineer and optician; associated with Dellebarre, 1777. rue Saint-Jacques, près Saint-Yves (1777); au Microscope, quay des Augustins, vis-à-vis le Pont-Neuf (later); both in Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet.
LETH, H. DE Holland, pre-1760, MIM Planetarium = Clifford Coll.(1760). Rooseboom 1.
LETTER, J.B. Switzerland, c.1730, MIM Table Clock = ADL-M388. Zug. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
LETTI AND CO. England, c.1790, PHIM Barometer = Soth. 10/2/70. Leeds. RSW.
LETZEN, B. DE Germany, MIM Magnetic Azimuth Sundial, circular = TIM. RSW.
LEUNEUX France, 18th Century, MIM Universal Ring Sundial = Christie-NY 4/3/85. Versailles. RSW.
LEUPOLD, JACOB Germany, 1674-1727, MIM PHIM SIM Air Pump, 1709 = DRE; Water Levels = KAS. author; most work dated 1699-1709; mechanic; Saxon Commissioner of Works and Mining, 1701-25; made a walking-stick barometer. Leipzig. Grötzsch 2; Michel 3; Dawson 21 (1971); Middleton 1; RSW.
LEUTMANN, JOHANN GEORG Germany, fl.1725-1757, MIM OIM PHIM clergyman; improved the pivot for weather vanes; designed a simple microscope; developed several variant barometers. Dabrun. Nachet; Middleton 1 and 4; Evans 1.
LEUTPOLD, JACOB see Leupold. Crommelin 1.
LEVASSEUR France, MIM OIM PHIM T.C. rue Grand Pont, No. 5, ci-devant la Rue Beau Voisine, Rouen. RSW.
LEVASSEUR, E. France, MIM Terrestrial Globe = CNAM. RSW.
LEVER, STEPHEN England, fl.1675-77, MIM master craftsman; made instruments. Duck Lane, London. Taylor 1(384).
LEVERTON England, post-1776, NIM Hadley's Quadrants = HAM, Stadt Museum Abenrå, Denmark. one of them marked "Hans Hinrich Koch", surely owner; O'Mara thought he was probably John L. Leverton of Liverpool. O'Mara; RSW.
LEVERTON, JOHN L. England, fl.1766-83, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Hadley's Quadrants = NMM (1777), FIN (1783); Stick Barometer = X.; Cuff-type Microscope = Phillips 5/14/74. see Leverton; the NMM quadrant was made for Peter Richards, the one at FIN for William Tyler; most of the instruments are signed "Leverton." Water Street (1766-69); Pool Lane (1772); 30 Pool Street (1774); all in Liverpool. Taylor 2(742); Goodison 1; O'Mara; Bryden 9; NMM 2; RSW.
LEVEY, J. Ireland, fl.1833-35, OIM optician and jeweler. 39 Mary Street, Dublin. Bryden 9; Morrison-Low and Burnett.
LEVI BEN GERSON Spain; France, 1288-1344, astronomer and mathematician; invented the Jacob or cross-staff, the transvesal scale for subdividing angles and the camera obscura; author. Catalonia; Bagnols; Perpignan. B. Goldstein 1, 2, 3 and 4; DSB; Daumas 1; Michel 2; A.J. Turner 10.
LEVI, ISAIAH England, fl.1822-41, PHIM watch and clockmaker; see J. Levy. Lord Street (1822-35); Silver Street (1841); both in Gainesborough. Goodison 1.
LEVI, JACOB England, c.1775, OIM spectacle maker. 14 Temple Street, Bristol. Bryden 9.
LEVI, MOSES England, fl.1839-46?, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X (2), Christie-SK 10/20/89. may be Moses Levy. Ipswich. Goodison 1; Bell 2; RSW.
LEVI, SAMUEL England?, pre-1782, invented a calculating machine. Courtanvaux.
LEVIL, P. England, OIM Telescope, three-draw = Christie-SK 10/6/83. George Yard, Lombard Street, London. RSW.
LEVIN England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Soth. 7/3/70, Christie 6/30/89; Marine Barometers = X, Christie 6/30/89, etc. wheel barometer from Christie is signed "Leven Penzance." Penzance. Goodison 1; RSW.
LEVIN, M. AND E. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X (2). London. Goodison 1.
LEVIN, P. France, 17th Century, MIM Horizontal Sundial, silver = Bernard Coll. = NMM-Caird. probably P. Sevin. Paris. NMM 2; RSW.
LEVITT England, fl.1816-42, PHIM partner with Morris Tobias as Tobias and Levitt, which see. 31 Minories, London. Goodison 1.
LEVY, H. AND L. England, fl.1793-94, OIM opticians. Temple Street, Bristol. Bryden 9.
LEVY, J. PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. variant spelling for Isaiah Levi? Gainesborough. Goodison 1.
LEVY, MOSES variant spelling for Moses Levi? Goodison 1; Bell 2.
LEWELIN, M. England?, 1729, MIM Quadrant, 1729 = Soth. 12/10/73. also marked "M.L." and "T.J." 1. RSW.
LEWENBERG, LEON USA, pre-1839, OIM Telescope = X. New York, N.Y. USNM.
LEWER, JAMES England, T.C.; may have only sold instruments. at ye Elephant and Rising Sun, five doors from Friday Street in Cheapside, London. Crawforth 1.
LEWIS England, PHIM barometer maker. Poole. Bell 2.
LEWIS AND BRIGGS England, c.1766, MIM Slide Rule = USNM. made gauging instruments. 52 Bow Line, Cheapside, London. Taylor 2(623); USNM.
LEWIS AND ROSS England, c.1820, MIM PHIM 96 Brick Lane, Spitalfields, London. Taylor 2(1624).
LEWIS, ELLIS USA, c.1858, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = D.(1982). "clock and mathematical instrument maker." Rockingham County, Va. Coffeen B.
LEWIS, JOHANNES Ireland, MIM Compass Sundial = P.C. (1988). John Lewis 2. Dublin. RSW.
LEWIS, JOHN 1 England, d.1621, NIM compass maker. St. Katherine's, the Tower, London. Taylor 1(102); RSW.
LEWIS, JOHN 2 Ireland, fl.1679-88, MIM SIM Sundial, 1684 = Christie 10/12/65; Circumferentor, 1688 = Maynooth College; Garden Sundial = D.(1966); Compass Sundial = P.C. (1988). the Christie sundial is signed "Johans Lewis Dublin fecit 1684"; the sundial in the private collection is signed "Johannes Lewis Dublin." Dublin. Morrison-Low and Burnett; RSW.
LEWIS, W. England, c.1727, made metal tubes for telescopes. 2 Rose Street, Covent Garden, London. Taylor 2(192).
LEY, JOHN England, c.1707, MIM apprenticed to John Randall of the Grocers' Company on Dec.9,1707. J. Brown 1.
LEYBOURN, WILLIAM England, 1626-1716, MIM wrote many books on dialing and surveying; made garden sundials "both fixed and movable." Monkswell Street, Cripplegate, London (c.1645); on the road between Acton and Uxbridge, Southhall, 3 miles from Brainford. Taylor 1(222); G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
LEYDEKKENS, C. Holland, fl.1845-47, NIM PHIM Magnet, horseshoe = LEY. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
LHEUREUX France, c.1750, MIM Garden Sundial = Koller, May, 1972. L'Heureux?; the dial is also marked "L.M." (5). RSW.
LIAIS, EMMANUEL France, c.1850, PHIM invented an azimuth instrument made by Jose Maria dos Reis, which see; author; made barometers. Middleton 1; RSW.
LIBAERTS, ELISEUS Belgium, fl.1562-64, MIM Celestial Globe = Historisches Museum, Dresden. on Christian II horse armor. Antwerp. RSW.
LIBERATUS, FR. KARL Germany, 1766, MIM Universal Equatorial Sundial, 1766 = OXF(?). Augsburg; Baden. Evans 1.
LIBHER Germany, c.1850, MIM Magnetic Compass = Christie 12/18/74. Munich. RSW.
LIBRERIA ESCOLAR CARBONELL Y ESTERA Spain, c.1850, MIM Armillary Sphere = Neumarkt 6/1/72. the Carbonell and Estera School Library? RSW.
LIDDELL, DUNCAN Scotland, fl.1634-37, may have designed a staff for gauging and surveying. Aberdeen. Taylor 1(179).
LIDDELL, J.J. Scotland, fl.1840-58, MIM OIM PHIM made levels; exhibited in the Great Exhbition, London, 1851. 3 Hanover Street (1843-57); 91 South Bridge (1858); both in Edinburgh. Bryden 3.
LIDDLE, WILLIAM Scotland, fl.1819-33, MIM OIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. successor to Finney and Liddle, Joseph Finney 2; clockmaker; the barometer is signed "William Liddell Edinburgh." 3 North Bank Street, Edinburgh. Bryden 3; Goodison 1; Baillie 1.
LIEBERKUHN, JOHANN NATHANIEL Germany England, 1719-69, OIM Telescope, 1755 = DRE. Lieberkühn; doctor; developed a type of simple microscope also a solar microscope with Fahrenheit which was introduced into England in 1740. London (1740). Daumas 1; Clay and Court; Nachet; Evans 1; Dewhirst; RSW; A.J. Turner 10.
LIEBFRIED, CHRISTOPHER Germany, 1596, designed an astronomical compendium in 1596; Lynden made it in 1598. Würzburg. Zinner 1; Price 3; Ward 4; RSW.
LIEBHERR, JOSEPH Germany, 1767-1840, MIM OIM see Utzschneider und Liebherr; Reichenbach, Utzschneider und Liebherr. Immenstadt; Munich. Baillie 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; J.A. Bennett 2; RSW.
LIEBHERR, VET Germany, c.1800, PHIM Barometer = DEU. Landshut. Middleton 1.
LIEBISCH, F.A. Germany, 1820, MIM OIM SIM Theodolite, 1820 = DRE; Telescope = DRE. Dresden. Grötzsch 2; Drechsler 2; RSW.
LIEBLICH Germany, OIM Telescope on stand = KRA. Dresden. RSW.
LIEFRING, B. 1795, NIM Octant, 1795 = WHI. RSW.
LIERA, FABIO Italy, c.1625, MIM made precision instruments; pupil of Simone Barocci. Urbino. Morpurgo 1.
LIFORD, JOHN England, post-1740, MIM OIM T.C. in telescope box. at Euclid's Head opposite the New Church in the Strand, London. NMM 2.
LIGEON France, 18th Century, possibly a misreading of Pigeon. Paris. Michel 1 & 3;
LIGEON, ARON France, 18th Century, MIM Butterfield-type Sundials = LOU, P-B 1/31/53. misreading for Pigeon? Michel 1 & 3; RSW.
LIGHTFOOT, PETER England, c.1335, MIM sundial maker. Glastonbury. Baillie 1.
LIGNAMINE, CHRISTOPHORUS Italy, 1799, MIM Horizontal Sundial, wood, 1799 = OXF. the initial "L" is part of a complicated logo. Rome. RSW.
LILBERRAD misreading for Silberrad. RSW.
LILIENFELD, NIKOLAUS Sweden?, 1499, MIM Astrolabe Clock, 1499 = Nicholas Church, Stralsund. Stralsund. Zinner 1.
LILJEMARK, CARL PETTER Sweden, c.1760, MIM apprenticed to J.Z. Steinholtz, 1760. Stockholm. Pipping 1.
LILLE, MARTIN England, c.1669, apprenticed to Walter Hayes of the Grocers' Company on May 6, 1669. J. Brown 1.
LILLEY AND REYNOLDS LTD England, 1880-, MIM NIM firm of John Lilley and Son(s) merged with William Reynolds in 1880. London. Brewington 1.
LILLEY AND SON England, fl.1835-75+, MIM NIM PHIM Patent Course Indicator = LIM; Octant = D.(1974); Sextants = WHI, Soth. 4/26/71, D.(1982); Navigating Instrument = Soth. 4/27/72; Anemometer = WHI; Marine Barometer = X; Folding Square = Musée Lombard, Geneva. John Lilley and son; T.C. of John Lilley in one box where the insrument is signed Lilley and Son; the folding square is signed "Lilley et Fils." 7 Jamaica Terrace, Limehouse, London. G.L'E. Turner 24; Goodison 1; Coffeen B; Bennett 1; RSW.
LILLEY AND SONS England, NIM Sextants = Phillips 5/20/75, D.(1969). see John Lilley and Sons Ltd. London. RSW.
LILLEY, JAMES ARCHER England, c.1801, MIM a carpenter in the Merchant Taylors' Company; took John Lilley (MIM) as an apprentice on Oct. 7, 1801. London. Crawforth 7.
LILLEY, JOHN England, fl.1811-45, MIM NIM apprenticed to Michael Dancer in the Joiners' Company on Aug. 25, 1801; re-apprenticed to James Archer Lilley, a carpenter in the Merchant Taylors' Company, Oct. 7, 1801; probably trained by Michael Dancer; free of the Merchant Taylors' Company, Feb. 6, 1811; T.C.; took apprentices; see John Lilley and Son, Lilley and Son, and Lilley and Sons. Jamaica Terrace, Commercial Road, near the West India Docks, London. Brewington 1; Crawforth 1, 7 and 8.
LILLEY, JOHN, AND SON England, fl.1826-75, MIM NIM Instruments = KEN, WHI, X; Clinometer = D.(1976). T.C.; see Lilley and Son, Lilley and Sons, John Lilley and Sons Ltd. 7 Jamaica Terrace (1826-63); Commercial Road, Limehouse and 9 London Street, Fenchurch Street (1868-75); all in London. Taylor 2(1625); Brewington 1; NMM 2; Calvert 2; USNM; Roux Devilas 66; RSW.
LILLEY, JOHN, AND SONS LTD. England, c.1880, MIM NIM Marine Compass = X. London and North Shields. RSW.
LILLY AND CO. Scotland, fl.1834-44, PHIM see S. Lilly 2, Stephen Lilly; made barometers; carvers and gilders. Candlemaker Row, Edinburgh. Bell 2.
LILLY AND RIVOLTA Scotland, fl.1844-45, PHIM barometer makers; carvers, etc.; probably Stephen Lilly; Rivolta 1. Candlemaker Row, Edinburgh. Bell 2.
LILLY, S. 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
LILLY, S. 2 Scotland, c.1820, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X (2), Christie-SK 4/17/86. probably Stephen Lilly. Edinburgh. Goodison 1; RSW.
LILLY, STEPHEN Scotland, fl.1812-32, PHIM looking glass and barometer maker; probably S. Lilly 2. Candlemaker Row, Edinburgh. Bell 2.
LILY AND SON England, post-1837, MIM "Ecliptic"? instrument with compass = Christie 12/18/74. London. RSW.
LIMBACH, F. England, c.1850, NIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie-SK 4/17/86; Sextant, ebony, ivory and brass = Soth. 10/3/88. Hull. RSW.
LINCOLN, CHARLES England, c.1744-1807, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Armillary Sphere = NMM; Stick Barometers = X, Halloway's Auction, Banbury 5/1/90; Microscopes = CZO, P.C. (1869), D.(1975); Telescopes = VCW, Court Coll., Drouot Richelieu 11/28/88; Christie 5/15/73. Soth. 7/29/69, P.C. (1969); Pantograph = D.(1973); Horizontal Sundial = Phillips 7/28/82; Level = Soth. 12/13/65; Cicumferentor = D.(1994). son of Thomas Lincoln; apprenticed in the Spectaclemakers' Company in 1758; free by Patrimony on April 1, 1762; Master of the Company, 1787-90; took apprentices. Cornhill near the Poultry (1763); Head of Sir Isaac Newton, 62 Leadenhall Street (1791-1801); both in London. Taylor 2(624); Goodison 1; Clay and Court; Court and von Rohr 3(171); Dewhirst; Bryden 9; Daumas 1; NMM 2; USNM; Moskowitz 107; Garcelon 33; Gemmary III; RSW.
LINCOLN, F.W., JR. AND CO. USA, fl.1858-83, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Mariner's Compass = X; Transits = HAR, D.(1976); Tell-tale Compass = Eldred 7/26/73; Octant = PMS. Frederic Walker Lincoln, Jr.; took his apprentice, Charles C. Hutchinson, as a partner; T.C. at the Sign of Mercury and the Quadrant, 126 Commercial Street, corner of Richmond Street, Boston, Mass. Bryden 9; Smart 1; Moskowitz; RSW.
LINCOLN, FREDERIC WALKER, JR. USA, 1817-98, MIM NIM PHIM SIM Transit = GUR; Marine Compass = OMM; Octants and Dry Card Compass = MYS. grandson of Paul Revere; apprenticed to Gedney King, 1830; flourished 1839-58 alone; took Charles C. Hutchinson, his apprentice, as a partner in 1858; T.C.; most instruments signed "F.W. Lincoln, Jr."; Mayor of Boston; T.C. 62 Commercial Street (1839-53); at the Sign of Mercury and Quadrant, 136 Commercial Street (1853-58); 126 Commercial Street (1856-58); all in Boston, Mass. Bedini 8; Smart 1; Brewington 1; Price 2; USNM; Moskowitz; D.J. Warner 10; Garcelon 33; RSW.
LINCOLN, FREDERICK USA, MIM Magnetic Compass = D.(1965). probably F.W. Lincoln, Jr. Boston, Mass. RSW.
LINCOLN, JOSHUA R. USA, NIM compassmaker; Thomas Wightman engraved the compass cards. Warner 12.
LINCOLN, T. 1803, MIM SIM Graphometer, 1803 = P.C. USNM.
LINCOLN, THOMAS England, fl.1716-50, OIM apprenticed to Matthew Cooberow of the Spectaclemakers' Company in 1709; free of the Company on Oct. 3, 1716; took apprentices; Master of the Company 1746-47. at St. Bartholomew's the Less (1749); Leadenhall; both in London. Court and von Rohr 3(87); Robischon.
LIND, DR. England, pre-1781, PHIM Barometer = Martin's Sale, 3/8/1781? probably James Lind. RSW.
LIND, JAMES Scotland; England, 1736-1812, PHIM Anemometer = William Wales (1772); Clinometers = RSM, OXF, UTR. scientist; F.R.S., 1777; designed a pocket clinometer and an anemometer in 1775. Edinburgh; Windsor. Taylor 2(504); Bryden 3; Middleton 4; G.L'E. Turner 24; Clarke et al.
LIND, NILS Sweden, c.1770, MIM Sundial = STT. made unusual sundials. Stockholm. Pipping 1, pp. 199-200.
LINDEN see Lynden. Zinner 1; Ward 4; A.J. Turner 10.
LINDERMAN, HENDRIK Holland, c.1780, PHIM Balance, steel = Christie-SK 11/19/87. Deze Gewigte werden gemaakt on verkogt te Amsterdam. RSW.
LINDERMAN, JAN Holland, 1740-1809, PHIM Coin Balances = D.(1980), Soth. 10/3/88. Amsterdam. Wynter 1; RSW.
LINDERMAN, JOANNES Holland, c.1775, PHIM Jeweler's Balance = WHI. op de Beurs en in de Kalverstraat naast de Kerk de Papegay in de Goud Balans, Amsterdam. O. Brown 2.
LINDERMAN, WILLEM Holland, c.1811, PHIM balance maker. Nieuwendijk by Dam no. 10, Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1.
LINDERSTRUB, GOTTLIEB NIKLAUS Switzerland, 1803-73, MIM Instrument, 1840 = BASH. "mechaniker." Basel. RSW.
LINDHOLM, C.L. Sweden, fl.1851-64, MIM apprenticed in 1836; in business, 1851. Snickarbacken 5, Stockholm (1864). Pipping 1.
LINDIG, M. Germany, c.1800, MIM OIM SIM Levelling Instrument = DRE; Telescopic Alidade = DRE. Dresden. Grötzsch 2.
LINDQUIST, C.A. Sweden, 1828-1905, MIM PHIM specialized in laboratory balances. Stockholm. Pipping 1.
LINDQUIST, J.W. Sweden, fl.1830-45, MIM Malm skillnadsgaten 60, Stockholm. Pipping 1.
LINDSAY, GEORGE England, fl.1728-76, OIM Microscopes = PYM, WHI (1742), Royal Microscopical Society, P.C., Soth. 7/29/69 and 6/9/80; Telescope = OXF; Microscope, pocket, silver = KEN. T.C.; invented a type of simple microscope; held the first patent on a portable microscope in 1743; "Watchmaker to His Majesty and the Princess Dowager"; clockmaker to George II; some of the microscopes are marked "Geo: Lindsay Inv. & Fec." at the Dial, facing the Fountain Tavern, near St. Catherine's Street, in the Strand, London. Taylor 2(193); Evans 1; Maddison 1; Nachet; Clay and Court; Daumas 1; Bryden 11; A.J. Turner 10; Millburn 8; RSW.
LINDSON, J. BERGER Norway?, fl.1797-1809, MIM Vertical Sundials = NOR (1797, 1809, undated). many more unsigned. RSW.
LINE, FRANCIS see Francis Hall. Taylor 1(133).
LINERIIS, JEAN DE see John of Lignères. Michel 3.
LINGE, IOHAN Germany?, 1684, MIM Perpetual Calendar, copper, 1684 = MUN. RSW.
LINGER, HANS RUDOLPH DEN Germany, 1613, MIM Dividers, 1613 = AMST. Mörzer Bruyns 1.
LINGFORD, JOHN England, fl.1793-1835 ?, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. probably jeweller and ironmonger (fl.1793-1835). Market Hill (1793-1814); Parliament Street (1835); 5 Milton Street (1835); all in Nottingham. Goodison 1.
LINGKE Germany, c.1850, MIM PHIM SIM Assay Kit = P.C. (1970); Theodolite = P.C. (1987). Freiberg. RSW.
LINGKE AND CO. Germany, MIM SIM Theodolite = Illinois State Museum. Berlin. USNM.
LINNELL, GEORGE England, fl.1769-1804, OIM probably son of Joseph Linnell 1; free of the Spectaclemakers' Company by Patrimony, Sept. 12, 1769; took apprentices; optician. Goldsmith Street, St. Gough Square; 14 Cowlane (1804); both in London. Taylor 2(625); Clay and Court; Court and von Rohr 3(184); Robischon.
LINNELL, JOSEPH 1 England, fl.1763-75, MIM OIM PHIM Angle Barometers = X, Christie 5/26/76; Universal Ring Sundial = NMM-D.259. apprenticed to Robert Linnell of the Spectaclemakers' Company on Oct. 3, 1754; turned over to Avis Sterrop, June 28, 1756; turned over to Mary Sterrop, Oct. 1, 1760; free of the Company on June 30, 1763 (Taylor said apprenticed to James Ayscough in 1754); succeeded James Ayscough in 1763; T.C.; "The Original Shop for Crown Glass Spectacles"; "optician." St, Giles, Cripplegate; the Great Golden Spectacles and Quadrant, 33 Ludgate Street, near St. Paul's (1764); both in London. Taylor 2(505); Goodison 1; Court and von Rohr 3(167); NMM 2; Daumas 1; Clay and Court; Crawforth 6; Robischon; RSW; Evans 1.
LINNELL, JOSEPH 2 England, c.1774, OIM apprenticed to Robert Linnell of the Spectaclemakers' Company on Oct. 3, 1774; Robischon thought he was apprenticed to Joseph Linnell 1. Court and von Rohr 3(204); Robischon.
LINNELL, ROBERT England, fl.1754-74, OIM apprenticed in the Spectaclemakers' Company in 1747; free of the Company, Oct. 3, 1754; took apprentices. London. Court and von Rohr 3(166).
LINNICH, NICLAES Germany, 1766, NIM Crown Compass, 1766 = D.(1986) = Deutsches Schiffahrtsmuseum. Altoona. RSW.
LINSENBARTH, O. Germany, c.1800, MIM Rod for liquid measure = DRE. Eisenach. Grötzsch 2; RSW.
LIOBAR France, 1789, MIM Sundial, 1789 = Veynins, Isère. Gatty 1.
LIONE AND CO. 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2). see James Lione. 81 Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
LIONE AND CO. 2 England, fl.1820-36, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. see Dominick Lione. 14 Brook Street (1820); 16 Brook Street (1821-36); both in London. Goodison 1.
LIONE AND FARONI England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
LIONE AND SOMALVICO England, fl.1805-20, PHIM Stick Barometer = X; Wheel Barometers = X(2), Soth. 6/6/75 and 7/21/83, Christie-SK 9/11/86 and 1/22/87; Barometers = Soth. 7/3/70 and 7/31/70, Christie 7/6/72; Barometer in clock = D.(1971). Dominick Lione and Joseph Somalvico 1. 125 Holborn Hill (1805-07); 14 Brook Street, Holborn (1811-20; 16 Brook Street, Holborn; all in London. Goodison 1; RSW.
LIONE AND TARONE England, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Holborn, London. Goodison 1; Bell 2.
LIONE, D. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Liverpool. Goodison 1.
LIONE, D., AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Christie-SK 10/20/89. probably Dominick Lione with Joseph Somalvico 1 or another maker. 81 High Holborn, London. Goodison 1; RSW.
LIONE, DOMINICK England, fl.1805-36, PHIM made barometers; partner with Joseph Somalvico 1, 1805-19, as Lione and Somalvico and as Lione, Somalvico and Co.; see Lione and Co. 2; on his own, 1820-36. 125 Holborn Hill (1805-07); 14 Brook Street (1811-20); 16 Brook Street; all in London. Goodison 1.
LIONE, J. 1 England, c.1830, PHIM Wheel Barometers = P.C., Soth. 2/19/87. probably James Lione. London. Goodison 1; RSW.
LIONE, J. 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. see John Leone. Aylesbury. Goodison 1.
LIONE, JAMES England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X (4). two are signed "Jas. Lione." 81 High Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
LIONE, SOMALVICO AND CO. England, fl.1805-19, OIM PHIM Wheel Barometers = P.C., X, Christie 10/5/72, Soth. 3/7/75, 7/16/76 & 12/15/83, Soth.-Pulborough 3/31/83; Stick Barometer = Soth. 7/2/83, D.(1976); etc. opticians; many examples survive from both addresses; Dominick Lione and Joseph Somalvico 1; see Lione and Somalvico, D., Lione and Co., Somalvico, Lione and Co. 125 Holborn Hill (1805-07); 14 Brook Street (1811-19); both in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1378); RSW.
LIONI see Leone, Lione. Bell 2.
LIPPERSHEY, HANS Holland, fl.1594-1619, OIM Telescope = LUN. spectacle maker; claimed to have made the first telescope; applied, unsuccessfully for a patent for it in 1608; developed a microscope. Middelburg. Rooseboom 1; Zinner 1; Daumas 1; Wynter and Turner; Nachet; A.J. Turner 10.
LIPPERSHEY, JEAN see Hans Lippershey. Nachet.
LISCOMB, JOHN USA, c. 1800, probably owner; marked on a garden sundial signed "I.W." (4) which see. RSW.
LISIEUX, PERE ET FILS France, OIM Solar Microscope = D.(1969). Lisieux père et fils. RSW.
LISTER, JOSEPH JACKSON England, 1786-1869, OIM invented a new achromatic microscope; F.R.S., 1832. Taylor 2(1174); G.L'E. Turner 24.
LISTER, THOMAS England, 1745-1814, MIM Orrery = University Museum, Glasgow. made orreries designed by Joseph Priestley; clockmaker. Halifax; Yorkshire. Taylor 2(282); Baillie 1.
LISTER, WILLIAM England, MIM T.C.; sold second-hand chronometers. Newcastle-on-Tyne. Crawforth 1.
LISTER, WILLIAM, AND SONS England, c.1846, NIM T.C.; made chronometers. Newcastle. Crawforth 1.
LISTON, D. England?, 1772, MIM Horary Quadrant, 1772 = BRU. Morpurgo 1.
LITTLEWORT England, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth. 2/4/77. could be George or William Littlewort. Ball Alley, Lombard Street, London. O'Mara; RSW.
LITTLEWORT, GEORGE England, fl.1826-48, OIM PHIM barometer maker. 11 Ball Alley, Lombard Street, London (1836-40). Taylor 2(2169); O'Mara; RSW.
LITTLEWORT, WILLIAM England, fl.1824-48, MIM OIM PHIM 7 Ball Alley, Lombard Street, London. Taylor 2(1626); Dewhirst; O'Mara; RSW.
LITTLEWORTH, W. England, fl.1822-23, OIM optician. 7 Upper East Smithfield, London. O'Mara.
LITTMAN, E. Sweden, c.1850, MIM had a display at the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London. Stockholm. G.L'E. Turner 24.
LITTMANN, CHRISTIAN EDWARD Germany; Sweden, 1804-57, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Microscopes = STT (1836), SWE; Dip Needle = SWE; Rule = SWE; Balance = Berzelius Museum (SWE). instrument maker to Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, 1833-56; made many fine instruments. Halle; Munich (1827-32); Stockholm. Pipping 1 and 2; RSW.
LIVEING AND DEWAR England, pre-1880, George D. Liveing and Sir James Dewar; designed a direct vision spectroscope. G.L'E. Turner 24.
LIVEING, GEORGE D. England, 1827-1924, see Liveing and Dewar. G.L'E. Turner 24.
LIVINGS, JOHN England, fl.1840-47, MIM OIM optician. 136 Goswell Street (1840); 103 Rahere Street, Goswell Street (1847); both in London. O'Mara.
LIVINGSTON, PETER R. USA, c.1781, MIM filed a payment claim for a plane table he had provided to the U.S. Surveying Department; maker or dealer? New York, N.Y. Bedini 8.
LIZARS, J. Scotland; Englandfl.1858-1900+, OIM PHIM Microscopes = FRK = RSM (4), P.C., Christie-SK 4/17/86; Barograph with Thermometer = Christie 11/22/78; Telescope = FRK = RSM; Magic Lantern = FRK = RSM; Aneroid Barometer = Phillips 11/16/88. optician; dealer. 16 Glassford Street, Glasgow; Glasgow and London; Edinburgh. Morrison-Low 1; Moskowitz 132; RSW.
LLOYD England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Hereford. Goodison 1.
LLOYD, JOHN 1 England, 1740, NIM Backstaff, 1740 = Christie-SK 11/2/95. RSW.
LLOYD, JOHN 2 England, c.1769, apprenticed to John Cuff of the Spectaclemakers' Company on Feb. 14, 1765; turned over to Henry Raines Shuttleworth of the Company on July 7, 1769. Court and von Rohr 3(191); RSW.
LOAM, MICHAEL England, OIM Microscope = Christie 3/29/60. Hampton, Middlesex. RSW.
LOCK England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Oxford. Goodison 1.
LOCKE, JOHN USA, 1792-1856, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = USNM. a medical doctor; invented an orrery made by Aaron Willard Jr.; patented a type of surveying compass; invented an electro-chronograph and a collimating level; did research on magnetism; Professor of Chemistry, Ohio Medical College; it may be that there are two John Lockes. Boston, Mass.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Newark, Ohio. Smart 1; D.J. Warner 6; USNM.
LOCKERSON, JAMES England, c.1582, MIM worked in wood. near the Conduit at Dow Gate, London. Gunther 4; Taylor 1(64); Michel 3.
LOCKWOOD, ANTHONY England, c.1818, designed a new universal compass. Hydrographic Office, Admiralty, London. Taylor 2(1379).
LOCKWOOD, J.J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Christie-SK 9/23/88. the Christie barometer is signed "J. Lockwood Preston" and marked "Warranted Correct." Preston. Goodison 1; RSW.
LODWICK, ABRAHAM England, c.1695, apprenticed to Isaac Webb of the Clockmakers' Company on April 27, 1695. J. Brown 3.
LOEBER, CHARLES Germany; USA, 1826-1906, MIM OIM SIM partner with James M. Shanahan as Shanahan and Loeber, 1853-56; may have also worked for Stackpole and Bro. 181 William (1854-55); 50 1/2 Fulton (1855-56); Fulton Street, New York and 18 Rush, Brooklyn (1873); both in N.Y. Smart 1.
LOEBL, MATTHIAS Germany, MIM Horizontal Sundial = P. and S. 5/20/1895. Weissenburg. RSW.
LOESER see Löser. Chaldecott 4.
LOEWENSTAMM Germany, c.1768, OIM made telescopes and other observatory instruments. Dresden; Frankfort (1768-). Daumas 1.
LOFT, MATTHEW England, 1697-1748, OIM Microscopes = KEN, OXF, NOR, LEY, WHI, LOS, Uppsala U., etc.; Telescopes = U. of Nottingham, D.(1975), etc. apprenticed to Thomas Gay 2 of the Spectaclemakers' Company on Aug. 15, 1711; free of the Company on Jan. 12, 1720; Master of the Company 1744-45; took apprentices; T.C. at the Golden Spectacles in Threadneedle Street, fronting on the North Gate of the Royal Exchange (backside of the Exchange); Reflecting Telescope and Hadley's Quadrant in Cornhill; both in London. Taylor 1(562) and 2(86); Court and von Rohr 3(90); Maddison 1; Chaldecott 1; Fürst; Wynter 2; Daumas 1; van der Star 1; RSW; Clay and Court; Crawforth 6; Robischon.
LOFTUS England, c.1850, MIM PHIM Hydrometers = D.(1974), K. & C. 4/7/76, D.(1976), etc. Double Slide Rule = D.(1976); Gauger Set = D.; Stick Barometer = Christie 4/26/90. many of the hygrometers are marked "maker to the Revenue." 146 Oxford Street, London. Moskowitz ; Coffeen II; RSW.
LOFTUS, W.R., LTD. England, c.1875, PHIM Sike's Hydrometer = Phillips 7/28/82. also made thermometers; Turner indicated 821 Oxford Street. 321 Oxford Street, London. G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
LOFTUS, WILLIAM R. England, c.1869, MIM PHIM SIM later became W.R. Loftus Ltd. 321 Oxford Street; 146 Oxford Street (W); both in London. O'Mara.
LOGEMAN EN FUNCKLER Holland, fl.1859-60, PHIM Hydraulic Press, 1858 = TEY. Logeman en Fünckler. G.L'E. Turner 7 & 24.
LOGEMAN, WILLEM MARTINUS Holland, 1835-60, NIM OIM PHIM Barometers = LEY, KAS; Foucalt Pendulum, 1856 = TEY; Resonator, 1848 = TEY; Galvanometer = TEY; Compass, 1852 = P.C. had display in the 1851 Great Exhibition in London; worked with F.W. Fünckler, 1858-60. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2; G.L'E. Turner 24; Crommelin 1; Middleton 1; RSW.
LOISEAU France, 1841, MIM succeeded Huette in 1841. Paris. Nachet.
LOKEUX misreading for Lekeux. Garcia 1.
LOMAS, H. England, PHIM Stick Barometers = X and Adlington Hall(2), D.(1996). the barometers at Adlington Hall are signed "Lomas." Adlington. Goodison 1; ATG 3/15/97.
LOMAS, RICHARD England, c.1794, MIM member of the Wheelwrights' Company; took over Richard Burnell as an apprentice from Charles Fairbone 1 of the Grocers' Company on Feb. 12, 1794. London. J. Brown 1.
LOMBARDELLUS 1559, see Ioannes Lombardellus Castellanus Masse Lombardy? RSW.
LOMBARDINI England, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. probably a dealer. Bristol. Goodison 1.
LOMBARDINI AND CASTELETTI England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Salop = Shrewsbury. Goodison 1.
LOMBARDINI AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
LOMBARDINI BROS. England, PHIM barometer makers. Manchester. Bell 2.
LOMBARDINI, A. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = Christie-SK 11/27/86, Soth.-S 4/24/87. Bristol. RSW.
LOMBARDINI, FRANCIS England, c.1844, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. signed "F. Lombardini Totnes." Fore Street, Totnes. Goodison 1; Bell 2.
LOMBARDINI, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2). Goodison 1.
LOMBARDINI, S. England, post-1850, PHIM barometers; looking-glass maker. Lower Castle Street, Bristol. Bell 2.
LOMBARDINI, WILLIAM England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = D.(1997). Huddersfield. ATG 3/1/97.
LOMMEL, JOHANN LEONHARDT Germany, c.1620, MIM Astrolabe Clock = OXF. Gunther No. 345. Nürnberg. Michel 2; Gunther 1; Baillie 1.
LOMMERS, JACOBUS Holland, fl.1751-65, OIM PHIM Microscopes = UTR (1751), DEU (1760), LEY; Telescope, 1765 = AMST; Optical Instruments = LEY. Utrecht. Rooseboom 1; Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2; Daumas 1; Crommelin 1; van der Star 1; USNM.
LOND, B. misreading for Bloud. Marouf 10/3/70.
LONDON STEREOSCOPIC CO. England, PHIM Kaleidoscope = P.C. "new patent jewel Kaleidoscope." London. RSW.
LONE, J.C.P. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = D.(1975). may be Love. 113 High Holborn, Lomdon. RSW.
LONG England, 19th Century, NIM Sextant, ebony and ivory = Bearnes 1/27/88. RSW.
LONG AND JOHNSON England, fl.1785-1810, MIM OIM PHIM Spyglasses = WHI-977, P.C. James Long and Johnson. at the North Gate of the Royal Exchange, London. Taylor 2(626); Dewhirst; Court and von Rohr 3(197); Clay and Court.
LONG, A.J. England, late 19th Century, PHIM Sike's Hydrometer = Soth.-B 12/21/76. RSW.
LONG, ENOCH USA, 1763, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass with Sundial, 1763 = New Hampshire Historical Society, Concord. surveyor. Hopkinton, New Hamp. Bedini 8.
LONG, ENOCH, JR. USA, c.1763, MIM SIM Surveying Compass, wood, 1763 = New Hampshire Historical Society, Concord. surveyor. Hopkinton, New Hampshire. Bedini 8.
LONG, J. 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Tiverton. Goodison 1.
LONG, J. 2 England, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth. 5/18/89. probably James or Joseph Long. London. RSW.
LONG, JAMES England, fl.1781-1817, MIM OIM PHIM Drawing Instrument Set = Soth. 1/22/73; Telescopes = X, CZJ, etc.; Sundials = Soth. 9/20/83, etc.; Stick Barometers = X(4); Wheel Barometers = X (3); Air Pump = CNAM; Microscope = Soth. 10/28/86. apprenticed to Edward Nairne of the Spectaclemakers' Company on Aug. 14, 1769; free of the Company on Oct. 30, 1781; Master of the Company, 1805-07; partner with Johnson, as Long and Johnson, 1785-1810; optician; patented a sympiesometer; T.C.; succeeded by James Smith 1. at the North Gate of the Royal Exchange ; 4 Back of the Royal Exchange (1817-); both in London. Taylor 2(626); Goodison 1; Court and von Rohr 3(197); Dewhirst; Calvert 2; Daumas 1; Clay and Court; RSW.
LONG, JOSEPH England, fl.1820-60, MIM OIM PHIM Sector = P.C.; Stick Barometer = X; Microscope = Christie 11/22/78; Hydrometers = OXF, KEN, WHI, USNM, P.C., D., Norwich Castle Museum; Thermometers = P.C., D.; Slide Rules, ivory = D., Soth. 10/17/60; Slide Rule, double = D.(1973; Rule = D.(1988). Taylor thought there might be two people; "Maker to the Indian and Colonial Governments." 136 Goswell Street, Clerkenwell; 20 Little Tower Street (1820-29); South Tower Street; 43 Eastcheap; all in London. Taylor 2(1631 and 1632); Goodison 1; Bell 2; Moskowitz 106; Calvert 2; USNM; G.L'E. Turner 24; McConnell 4; RSW.
LONG, JOSH England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. see Joseph Long. 20 Little Tower Street, London. Goodison 1.
LONG, SOLOMON England, fl.1686-91, MIM erected sundials. near the Pump in Little Britain, London. Taylor 1(444).
LONGLAND, WILLIAM England, fl.1674-1722, OIM Telescopes = NMM-O.115/9102c, Stuart Art Exhibition, 1686. apprenticed to Joseph Howe of the Broderers' Company through the Spectaclemakers' Company on Jan. 27, 1668; free of the Spectaclemakers' Company on July 2, 1674; Master of the Spectaclemakers' Company 1686-87 and 1694-95. The Ship, Cornhill, London. Taylor 1(321) & 2(87); NMM 2; Court and von Rohr 3(35); Clay and Court; Evans 1; Dewhirst; J. Brown 1; RSW.
LONGMAN, JAMES England, c.1786, OIM free of the Spectaclemakers' Company before 1786; took an apprentice. 26 Cheapside, London. Dewhirst; Court and von Rohr 3(208).
LONGONI, F. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
LOOF JUNR, W. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = Soth.-Sussex 9/18/86 and 4/24/82, Bearnes 1/24/90. "Watch and Clockmaker." Tunbridge Wells. RSW.
LOOIJ, ARENT Holland, c.1744, NIM made compasses. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2 & 5.
LOON, HAN A Holland, c.1680, NIM Quadrant = UTR. "Han à Loon fecit T'Amsterdam by Joannes van Keulen." Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
LOOS 1 Germany, c.1810, PHIM tried to improve Fortin-type barometer; may be same man as Loos 2. Büdingen. Middleton 1.
LOOS 2 Germany, c.1825, PHIM tried to improve De Luc-type barometer; may be same man as Loos 1. Darmstadt. Middleton 1.
LOOS, DANIEL FREDERICK Germany, 1735-1819, MIM Pocket Almanac, silver, 1805 = Soth. 12/3/76. RSW.
LOOS, JOH. GEORG Germany, c.1738, PHIM made nested weights; master mark was three crowns, later used by Carl Gottlieb Lorenz, c.1795. Nürnberg. Koller 11/17/75.
LOOT, JOH. Holland, 18th Century, PHIM thermometer maker; probably Johannis Loots. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1.
LOOTS, JOHANNIS Holland, c.1665-1726, MIM NIM PHIM Cross-staves, = BRO (1716), Museum für Meereskunde, Berlin (1729) (lost); Astrolabe = BOM 3/28/06 or 10; Astronomical Instrument = BOM 3/28/06 or 10; Quadrant, wood = UTR. "Boekverkooper en Graadbooghmaaker." Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2; Rooseboom 1; Belgian Inventory; Darius 4.
LOOTSMAN, JACOB THEUNIS Holland, d.1679, NIM cross-staff maker and bookseller. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
LORAIN France, c.1850, MIM Terrestrial Globe = Auction, Honfleur, 6/17/79. RSW.
LORDELLE France, fl.1742-46, MIM Universal Ring Sundials = NMM, WRAY, NOR (1743); Graphometer, 1742 = NAC; Mathematical Instrument Set = WRAY; Butterfield-type Sundial = P.C.(1969). Nachet stated that Lordelle was the successor to Bion. à la Sphère, Paris. Nachet; Daumas 1; NMM 2; MADEX; RSW.
LORDETTE France, misreading for Lordelle. WRAY.
LORENZ, CARL GOTTLIEB Germany, c.1795, PHIM made nested weights; master mark was three crowns, which was used earlier by Joh. Georg Loos. Nürnberg. Koller 11/17/75.
LORENZ, JOHN England, c.1850, MIM SIM Level, surveying = Christie-SK 11/19/87. Leeds. RSW.
LORER, JOH. Switzerland, 1617, author; wrote on a new "Geometrical Instrument." Zurich. Zinner 6.
LORICHON France, 1805, PHIM marked on the scale of a Hassenfratz barometer "Divisé et Gravé par Lorichon, floreal an 13", (April, 1805). Paris. Daumas 1; Middleton 1.
LORIE, DAVID W. Scotland, 18th Century, NIM Hadley's Quadrant = OMM. Leith. RSW.
LORIEUX LEPETIT France, c.1850, NIM Sextant = PMM; Full Circle = Gersaint, La Rochelle 7/23/94. surely E. Lorieux; full circle signed "Lorieux Lepetit Succ. à Montrouge N. 666." Paris. RSW.
LORIEUX, E. France, fl.1825-50?, NIM OIM Sextants = NMM, PMM(2), Gersaint 7/20/96 (891); Borda Circles = VNN, PEA; Telescope = CNAM; Theodolite, telescopic = Christie 3/21/91. succeeded Schwartz; succeeded by A. Hurlimann; Ponthus, Lepetit and Schiavetti-Bellini also claimed to have been the successor; see their entries; address for theodolite was "No. 3, Dépôt des Cartes et Plans de la Marine." Pour du Dépôt des Cartes et Plans de la Marine Imperiale, 30 Rue et Passage Dauphine et Rue Mazarine 27, Paris. Cons. Nat'l 1; Destombes 4; Brewington 1; NMM 2; RSW.
LORIEUX, E., PERE France, c.1850, NIM Reflecting Circle = Drouot Richelieu 4/28/88. signed "E. Lorieux Père." Paris. RSW.
LORIEUX, LEPETIT POULIN France, post-1850, NIM Sextant = Christie-SK 4/14/89. No. 9047. Bagneux, Seine. RSW.
LORIMER, JOHN England, c.1795, designed a dipping and variation needle. Taylor 2(1007).
LORING USA, fl.1832-46, MIM made many globes, celestial and terrestrial; "From Smith's new English Globe"; see Josiah Loring. Boston, Mass. Yonge; RSW.
LORING AND CHURCHILL USA, fl.1859-60, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = P.C. Henry Wiliam Loring and Gardner Asaph Churchill; successors to C.G. King. 72 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. Smart 1; RSW.
LORING, BENJAMIN USA, b.1775, twin brother of Josiah Loring; stationer. Boston, Mass. Yonge.
LORING, HENRY WILLIAM USA, 1807-85, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = D.(1976); Compass = P.C. worked alone, 1831-58; Loring and Churchill (1859-60); alone, 1863-65. 7 Broad Street (1850-57), Boston, Mass. Smart 1; Moskowitz.
LORING, JOSEPH misreading for Josiah Loring? Bedini 8.
LORING, JOSHUA misreading for Josiah Loring. RSW.
LORING, JOSIAH USA, 1775-1840, MIM Pairs of Globes = D.(1983)((1833), P-B 10/22/38, P.C.(1833), Rutgers U. Library, Lyman Allyn Museum, New London, Conn. (1838), D.(1987); Celestial Globes = D.(1968)(1832), PEA (1832), PEA (1833), D.(1976)(1833); Babson Institute, Mass., Yale U.; Terrestrial Globes = P.C.(1839), U.S. Naval Academy, Md. (1839), D.(1976). according to Bedini, Loring was a bookseller who sold globes engraved by Annin, under his own name. 136 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. Bedini 8; Yonge; Moskowitz; RSW.
LORING, JOSIAH AND BENJAMIN USA, c.1833, MIM Pair of Globes on stands, 1833 = D.(1988). 136 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. RSW.
LORKIN, ABRAHAM England, c.1736, MIM apprenticed to James Wilson 2 of the Clockmakers' Company on Jan. 15, 1733; turned over to Thomas Colliber, Feb. 20, 1736. J. Brown 3.
LORKIN, JAMES England, fl.1805-22, MIM NIM Sextant = X(USA). 89 New Gravel Lane, Wapping; near New Crane Stairs, Wapping; both in London. Taylor 2(1175).
LORKIN, THOMAS England, c.1825, MIM NIM Magnetic Compass, jewelled pivot = RSM; Sextants = Soth. 7/29/69, D.(1971). T.C.; member of the Wheelwrights' Company; took over Thomas Dench as apprentice from Joseph Rust 2 of the Grocers' Company on March 16, 1789. Wapping, New Crane Stairs; 89 near New Crane Stairs; both in London. J. Brown 1; Wynter and Turner; RSW.
LORT, JOHN Ireland, fl.1767-82, MIM may be Lort in Wood and Lort in Birmingham, who were succeeded by Frost and Withnoll in 1767. Walker's Alley (1767); 8 Upper Blind Quay (1776); 8 Exchange Street (1777-78); Plunket Street (1779-82); all in Dublin. Bryden 9; Morrison-Low and Burnett; Taylor 2(553).
LOSEL, ALBRECHT Germany, 1610, MIM Diptych Sundials, 1610, = LIE, POTS (Hellmann Coll.). Albrecht Lösel; married Caspar Karner's widow, Elisabeth, in 1590; they had a son, Michael Lesel, which see. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Körber 1; Gouk 1.
LOSER, HANS Germany, 1704-63, MIM OIM PHIM Pedometer = DRE. Reichsgraf Hans Löser, Marshall of Saxony; designed a metallic thermometer; see "H.L." 3, "L. 1" and "L.Z." 1. Reinharz. Zinner 1; Grötzsch 2; Chaldecott 4; RSW.
LOTHAN England, c.1100, MIM Wall Sundial = Church, Great Edstone. Great Edstone. Gatty.
LOTHIAN England, 1829, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1829 = Soth. 5/2/75. RSW.
LOTTER, TOBIAS CONRAD Germany, fl.1774-99, MIM Armillary Sphere, 1774 = BAR; Planetarium = BAR; Pair of Globes, 1798 & 1799 = BAR. geographer. Augsburg. RSW.
LOUAGHI see Taroni and Louaghi. Goodison 1.
LOUCHET France, 1838, PHIM Barometer, portable, 1838 = Weil. Paris. RSW.
LOUIS France?, 1716, MIM Gauging Rod, 1716 = NYC. DES.
LOUIS, CHRISTIAN KARL Denmark, 1773, MIM compass maker. Copenhagen. Schück.
LOUIS, JEAN France, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial, silver = Christie 6/7/72. Paris. RSW.
LOURDEL France, c.1760, MIM SIM Surveying Instrument = X. Lordelle ? Daumas 1.
LOUTEAU, PIERRE France, c.1595, MIM Sundial in back of watch = Exposition Maison Wolters Frères, Bruxelles, 1938; Sundial on the base of a clock, mounted on Atlas = SPI-2719. Lyon. Catalogue of the Exposition, 14 May-4 June, 1938; RSW.
LOUVEL France, fl.1765-71, OIM Noël-Jean Lerebours worked under him, pre-1787. au Cloître Saint-Benoît, Paris (1771). Nachet; Daumas 1; RSW.
LOUVILLE, CHEVALIER DE see Jacques-Eugène d'Allonville, Chevalier de Louville. A.J. Turner 10.
LOVE, J.C.P. see J.C.P. Lone. RSW.
LOVEGROVE, F.N. England, invented a quadrant dial. London. L.K. Hirschberg.
LOVELACE, W. England, c.1756, NIM PHIM see W. Barrow and W. Lovelace; T.C. at the Golden Lion in St. Martins-Le-Grand, London. Calvert 2; RSW.
LOVELACE, WILLIAM England, c.1796, NIM Escapement Timer for Log = PEA. clockmaker. 14 Charles Street, Hoxton. Taylor 2(1007a); Brewington 1; Price 2.
LOVI 1 England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
LOVI 2 Scotland, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. see Angelo Lovi. Edinburgh. Goodison 1.
LOVI, ANGELO Scotland, c.1804, PHIM Stick Barometer = RSM; Double Barometer = WHI. glass-blower; may be Lovi 2; RSM is signed "A. Lovi." 82 South Bridge (1804); 16 South Bridge; both in Edinburgh. Goodison 1; Bryden 3; RSW.
LOVI, MRS. ISOBEL Scotland, fl.1805-27, PHIM Philosophical Bubble Sets = RSM, KEN, CYM. held patent on aerometrical beads (philosophical bubbles) in 1805; probably widow of Angelo Lovi. 82 South Bridge (1806); Geddes Close (1807-11); 79 High Street (1812-13); Strichen's Close (1814-21); 113 High Street (1822); 114 High Street (1823-25); Strichen's Close (1826-27); all in Edinburgh. Bryden 3; G.L'E. Turner 24; Morrison-Low 1.
LOW, A. Scotland, PHIM Double Barometer = WHI. 16 South Bridge, Edinburgh. RSW.
LOW, EDWARD England, 1763, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1763 = MYS. also marked "A.B.T.C.D." RSW.
LOWDEN, GEORGE Scotland, fl.1850-1900, OIM PHIM Telescopes = Soth. 10/15/73 = FRK = RSM, Christie 11/22/78; Microscope = FRK = RSM; Telescope, refracting = FRK = RSM. 25 Union Street (1850-61); 1 Union Street (1864-74); 23 Nethergate (1876-80); 65 Reform Street (1882-1900); all in Dundee. Bryden 3; Morrison-Low 1; RSW.
LOWE England, 19th Century, OIM Spyglass, gilt-brass = WHI. Gavin or Joshua Reeve Lowe? London. Dewhirst.
LOWE, EDWARD England, 1644, took John Seller 1 as an apprentice in the Merchant Taylors' Company in 1644; Crawforth could find no record of Lowe being an instrument maker. London. Crawforth 8.
LOWE, GAVIN England, fl.1803-18, MIM Instrument = WHI. Paradise Row, Islington, London. Taylor 2(1176).
LOWE, JOSHUA REEVE England, c.1836, MIM Cherry Tree Court, Aldersgate, London. O'Mara.
LOWELL AND SENTER USA, fl.1846-73, NIM SIM Surveying Compass, 1864 = D.(1997). Abner Lowell and William Senter 1; also made watches. Portland, Me. Smart 1; MAD Nov. 1997.
LOWELL, ABNER USA, 1812-83, MIM SIM apprenticed to Oliver Gerrish; in business for himself, 1834-36 and 1870-77; was associated with William Senter 1, 1836-70, as Lowell and Senter, then with his two sons until 1877; clockmaker. Exchange Street (1836-66); Pearl Street (1866); Exchange Street (1867-77); all in Portland, Me. Smart 1; Katra.
LOWEN, JOHN England, c.1718, apprenticed to John Crooke 1 in the Joiners' Company, June 17, 1718. Crawforth 7.
LOWENGARD, JULES France, MIM made astrolabes and nocturnals. Furniss.
LOWITZ, G.M. Germany, 1712-74, MIM Celestial Globes, 1747 = KRM, DEU, TRA, Nördlingen Museum, Wasserburg Stadtmuseum. Göttingen. Zinner 1.
LOWTHER, G. England, NIM Octant = Kolding Museum; Sextant = Christie 5/26/76. T.C. 31 Quay Side; Docks; both in Newcastle-on-Tyne. RSW.
LOYSEL, ECCLESIASTIQUE France, 1671, MIM Peripole, brass, 1671 = OXF. Evans 1.
LUBACH, FRANZ 1 Austria, d.1726, MIM Horizontal Sundials, stone = KRM, SEI; Horizontal Sundials = VIE, HAK, KRM (2). some may have been made by Franz Lubach 2, his son. Vienna. Zinner 1; Michel 1; RSW.
LUBACH, FRANZ 2 Austria, fl.1710-36, MIM Universal Ring Sundial = X. son of Franz Lubach 1; may have made some of the sundials listed under his father's name. Vienna. Zinner 1; Nachet.
LUBACH, JOHAN SIMON Austria, c.1700, MIM Table Sundials = ADL-M270, WHI, KRM; Mechanical Equatorial Sundial = NOR; Universal Ring Sundial = PRA. Vienna. Zinner 1; Engelmann 1; Bryden 16; Michel 3; Evans 1; ADL; RSW.
LUCAR, S. instrument at TIM; is he same as S. Lucas, which see? RSW.
LUCAS, JACQUES France, fl.1675-1704, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial = NYM-01.21.60. Hugenot; watchmaker in Amsterdam by 1681. La Rochelle; The Rokin, Amsterdam (1704). Furniss; Vincent 2; Baillie 1.
LUCAS, S. England, MIM Garden Sundial = D.(1969); String-gnomon Sundial = HAY. London. RSW.
LUCAS, WEDUWE Holland, c.1742, NIM the Widow Lucas; compass maker. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
LUCCA Italy, 1767, MIM Bow Compass, 1767 = ADL-M68. town? Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
LUCIN, FRANCIS England, c.1839, PHIM barometer and thermometer maker; see Francis Lucini. 142 Great Saffron Hill, London. Goodison 1.
LUCINI, FRANCIS England, fl.1836-38, PHIM barometer maker. Baldwins Gardens, London. Bell 2.
LUCIONI, GIUSEPPE A. England, fl.1851-54, PHIM barometer and thermometer maker. 36 Ray Street, Clerkenwell, London. Goodison 1.
LUDEWIG Germany, c.1720, MIM Table Sundials = DRE (lost), ADL-M265, MUN, NYM, OXF. Dresden. Zinner 1; Drechsler 2; Engelmann 1; Chandler & Vincent 1; Maurice 1; ADL; RSW.
LUDFORD, WILLIAM England, c.1750, apprenticed to John Urings 2 in the Joiners' Company on Feb. 5, 1750. Crawforth 7.
LUDOVICI, DOMENICO, S.J. Italy, pre-1746, MIM Sundial = X. author of "Horologium Triplex." Boursier.
LUDTRING, JOHANN Germany, fl.1680-88, MIM made an armillary sphere, a large planetarium and astronomical instruments for Eimmart. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Michel 3.
LUDWIG, J.C. Germany, c.1742, MIM Table Sundial = KRA; Circumferentor = KRA. Dresden. RSW.
LUDY, E.F. England, NIM Sextant = Christie 11/22/78. Grimsby. RSW.
LUFKIN USA, fl.1869-to date, MIM made a wide range of rules and tapes. Philip E. Stanley.
LUHME, J.F., UND CO. Germany, c.1850, MIM balance makers; had a display in the 1851 Great Exhibition in London. Berlin, Prussia. G.L'E. Turner 24.
LUISCIUS, ABRAHAM VAN STIPRIAAN Holland, 1764-1829, Bathometer = APS. invented a barometer which was made by Onderdewijngaart Canzius in 1805. Delft. Rooseboom 1; Multhauf.
LUISETTI, I. England, PHIM barometer maker. London. Bell 2.
LUKENS, ISAIAH USA, 1779-1846, NIM PHIM Sextant = D.(1978) = P.C. made meteorological, philosophical and chemical instruments; clockmaker. Philadelphia, Pa. USNM; D.J. Warner 10; RSW.
LUMLEY AND CO. England, c.1840, PHIM Sike's Hydrometers = Christie-SK 7/10/80, Soth. 3/13/67 (2). see L. Lumley. London. RSW.
LUMLEY, L. England, c.1840, PHIM Hydrometers = CMY, Christie-SK 5/10/77; Vacuum Pump = CMY. 121 Minories, London. RSW.
LUMLEY, L., AND CO. England, fl.1840-, PHIM Sike's Hydrometers = P.C., Phillips 2/22/77; Thermometer = D.(1974). Phillips and D. are "Ltd." 121 Minories, London. RSW.
LUMMEN?, A.K. Holland, 1827, NIM Bearing Compass, 1827 = AMST. marked "A.H." (2) on the gimbals. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
LUNAN, WILLIAM Scotland, fl.1824-d.1827, PHIM Electrical Machine, globe = RSM. watch and clockmaker too. 8 Castle Street, Aberdeen (1824-25). Bryden 3; Morrison-Low 1.
LUND, PETER A.J. Also Lundh. Norway, PHIM Stick Barometer = OMM. Drawing Instruments WEBDB Christiania. Oslo. RSW.
LUNDBY, F. England, MIM Horary Quadrant = OMM. may be Lundy. Grimsby. RSW.
LUNDY, J.F. England, NIM Sextant = Soth. 11/9/70. may be Lundby? Grimsby. RSW.
LUPICINI, ANTONIO Italy, fl.1581-91, MIM Armillary Sphere = FLO. invented a surveying instrument; wrote on astronomical instruments and calendars. Florence. Michel 3; RSW.
LUPPIE AND SOLCHA England, c.1840, PHIM made barometers and thermometers; Salvatore Luppie and Lewis Solcha; see Lappi and Solcha. Hull. Loomes.
LUPPIE, SALVATORE see Lappi and Solcha. Loomes 1.
LURASCO, C. see Gebroeders Lurasco. Crommelin 1.
LURASCO, GEBROEDERS Holland, 1793-1850, MIM PHIM Thermometer = LEY; Barometer = Soth.-A March, 1976. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2; Crommelin 1; Daumas 1.
LUSNERG, DOMENICUS misreading for Lusuerg. Egger 2.
LUSUERG, ANGELO Italy, fl.1744-47, MIM Dividers, 1744 = BRU; Armillary Sphere, 1745 = X; Sundial, 1747 = NYM. Rome. Morpurgo 1; Michel 3; Evans 1; RSW.
LUSUERG, DOMINICUS Italy, fl.1691-1744, MIM SIM made sundials, mathematical and surveying instruments which can be found in many museums including ADL (1699, 1701, 1716), BM (1694), STU, DRE, KEN, DEU, NYM, FLO, ROM, OXF, PRN (1692), Museum in Bologna (1744), Michel Coll. (1744), NMM, PRA, WHI (1717), P.C. (1723), RSM (1691), etc. Modena; Rome. Morpurgo 1; Baillie 1; Italian Inv.; Michel 1 and 3; Daumas 1; Grötzsch 2; Brieux 3; Price 2 and 3; Ward 4; Engelmann 1; NMM 2; Coffeen B; USNM; Evans 1; Wynter and Turner; O. Brown 1; J.A. Bennett 2; A.J. Turner 10; ADL; RSW.
LUSUERG, JACOBUS Italy, fl.1668-1719, MIM SIM made sundials, mathematical and surveying instruments which can be found in many museums, including ADL (1672), OXF (1668), BM, FLO, NMM, Liceo Ginnasio, Alatri (1669), MAD, BRU, COO, WHI (1688), USNM, NYM, KEN, ROU, P.C. (1685), etc. some signatures include "Mutinensis" = Modena. Modena; Rome. Bonelli 4; Morpurgo 1; Portuguese Inv.; Price 3; Ward 4; Engelmann 1; Bryden 16; Daumas 1; Baillie 1; NMM 2; Michel 1 and 3; Brieux 3; USNM; J.A. Bennett 2; A.J. Turner 10; ADL; RSW.
LUTHER, M. France, 19th Century, OIM Telescope, with case = Gersaint, La Rochelle 7/20/96. Neuchatel. RSW.
LUTRY, EDMOND France, OIM Telescope = La Rochelle 7/22/78. Paris. RSW.
LUTTIG, C. Germany, fl.1844-90, MIM NIM OIM SIM Protractor with scale = DRE; Half Reflecting Circle = NMM; Surveying Compass with Telescope = Technical Museum, Warsaw. Lüttig; won prize in 1851 Great Exhibition in London. Berlin. NMM 2; Moskowitz 110; O'Mara; G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
LUTZ Y SCHULTZ Argentina, 19th Century, MIM Equatorial Sundial = X. Buenos Aires. Price 2.
LUTZ, C. Switzerland, c.1850, MIM won a prize in the 1851 Great Exhibition in London; watchmaker. G.L'E. Turner 24.
LUTZ, ED. France, fl.1867-74, MIM OIM SIM Graphometer = USNM; Surveying Cross = USNM; Gregorian Telescope = P.C. Rue des Noyers, 49 (Bd. St. Germain), Paris. Calvert 2; USNM; RSW.
LUTZ, JOHAN VALLENTIN Germany, 1680, MIM Astrolabe Clock, 1680 = UTO 9/29/75. Augsburg. RSW.
LUVATE, DOMINIC England, fl.1828-34, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(4); Aneroid Barometer = Eldred 7/26/73. all are signed "D. Luvate Preston"; looking glass maker. 43 Friargate (1828); 27 Friargate (1834); both in Preston. Goodison 1; Bell 2; RSW.
LUVATTE, D. see Dominic Luvate. Goodison 1.
LUZZANO France, 19th Century, PHIM Barometer = STR. Strasbourg. RSW.
LYALL see Hay and Lyall.
LYDELL, JAMES England, c.1686, MIM compass maker. London. Taylor 1(448).
LYETH, A.B. Sweden, MIM NIM Compass in binnacle = K. and C. 3/19/75. Stockholm. RSW.
LYFORD, G. England; Russia, c.1730, MIM OIM Universal Ring Sundial = KEN; Telescope = X. the sundial is also marked "B. Scott" and "St. Petersburg." Euclid's Head, near the new Church, Strand, London; St.Petersburg. Taylor 2(285); Dewhirst; Clay and Court.
LYLE, D. England, 1760, MIM Volute Compass, 1760 = KEN. Taylor 2(627a); Chaldecott 1.
LYMAN, CHESTER SMITH USA, c.1869, professor at Yale University; invented wave apparatus made by E.S. Ritchie and Sons. D.J. Warner 6.
LYNCH Ireland, MIM Surveyor's Compass = RSM; Inclinable Sundial = Christie 11/21/61. see James Lynch 1 & 2. Dublin. RSW.
LYNCH AND SON Ireland, fl.1813-25, MIM Armillary Sphere = EGE; Garden Sundials = D.(1971), Soth. 10/23/85 (1824); Terrestrial Globe, miniature, 1813 = Soth. 5/27/82. see James Lynch and Son. Dublin. Morrison-Low and Burnett; RSW.
LYNCH, GEORGE Ireland, fl., MIM OIM PHIM see James Lynch (2) and George Lynch. 26 Capel Street, Dublin. Morrison-Low and Burnett.
LYNCH, JAMES (1), AND SON Ireland, fl.1808-25, MIM OIM PHIM Cuff-type Microscope = EGE. T.C.; "Mathematical, Optical, Philosophical Instrument Makers to Trinity College and His Majesty's Ordnance"; see James Lynch 1. 26 Capel Street, Dublin. Bryden 9; Morrison-Low and Burnett; RSW.
LYNCH, JAMES (2) AND GEORGE Ireland, fl.1840-44, MIM OIM PHIM opticians, mathematical and philosophical instrument makers to the University and to the Royal Dublin Society. 26 Capel Street, Dublin. Morrison-Low and Burnett.
LYNCH, JAMES 1 Ireland, fl.1760-1807, MIM OIM PHIM Surveyor's Compass = Soth. 11/13/61; Microscope = Wellcome Institute. partner with Edward Spicer, 1760-72, as Spicer and Lynch, which see; also a dealer. 26 Capel Street (1784-1807); at the Sign of the Royal Spectacles, Capel Street; both in Dublin. Taylor 2(743); Calvert 2; Bryden 9; Morrison-Low and Burnett; RSW.
LYNCH, JAMES 2 Ireland, fl.1826-39, MIM OIM PHIM T.C.; "optician, mathematical and philosophical instrument maker to the Ordnance and Trinity College" (1832). 26 Capel Street, Dublin. Bryden 9; Morrison-Low and Burnett.
LYNDEN, JOHANN ANTON Germany, fl.1580-1604, MIM Astrolabes = OXF(ICA-274), BRU; Astronomical Plate, 1604 = ZUS; Astronomical Compendium, 1596 = BM; Chalice Sundial, 1594 = LND. the "Astronomical Plate" may be the astrolabe (ICA-572); the compendium was designed by Christopher Liebfried of Würzburg. Heilbronn. Zinner 1; Gunther 1; Price 1 & 3; Ward 4; Michel 2, 3 & 7; Evans 1; ICA 2; Dewhirst; Cousins; RSW.
LYNE, FRANCIS see Francis Hall.
LYON 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. South Molton. Goodison 1.
LYON 2 Scotland, PHIM Barometer = D.(1772). Edinburgh. John Bell.
LYON, BENEVOLO MIM Protractor = P.C.(1965). RSW.
LYON, C. England, c.1823, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Bridlington. Goodison 1.
LYON, DANIEL M. USA, c.1850, MIM Spirit Levels = Craft Auction 5/1/82. tool maker. Newark, N.J. Maine Digest, July, 1982.
LYON, HUNTER Scotland, fl.1793-1803, OIM optician. Cross Causeway (1793-95); 118 Nicholson Street (1796 1801); 4 Bristo Street (1801-03); all in Edinburgh. Bryden 3; Morrison-Low 1.
LYON, JAS. 1 England, c.1830, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2), Christie-SK 9/23/88 and 10/20/89. No. 6 Dove Court, Swithin's Lane, Lombard Street, London. Goodison 1; RSW.
LYON, JAS. 2 Scotland, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Glasgow. Goodison 1.
LYON, JON. England, c.1660, MIM Sector = NMM-CI/S.11. London. NMM 2.
LYON, JOSEPH England, c.1708, MIM apprenticed to George Griffith of the Grocers' Company on Oct. 12, 1708. J. Brown 1.
LYON, PETER 1 Scotland, fl.1784-88, MIM NIM OIM on the Shore, Leith. Bryden 3.
LYON, PETER 2 Scotland, fl.1780-99, OIM optician. at the Cross Well (1782); near the Guard (1784); Head old Assembly Close (1786); High Street (1788-90); Bull Turnpike (1794); Castle Hill (1795); Calton Hill (1796-97); Parliament Close (1799); all in Edinburgh. Bryden 3.
LYONET France, designed a microscope. Daumas 1.
LYONET, PIERRE Holland, 1707-89, OIM made a simple microscope; naturalist. Nachet.
LYONS, ABRAHAM England, fl.1800-01, OIM 408 Oxford Street, London. Taylor 2(1176a); Dewhirst.
LYONS, GEORGE England, c.1850, OIM Telescope = Soth.-B 3/2/79. Bristol. RSW.
LYONS, MICHAEL Ireland, 1844, MIM Moon Dial, slate, 1844 = Dublin Civic Museum. Morrison-Low and Burnett.
LYTH, A.B. Sweden, NIM Marine Compass in binnacle = K. and C. 3/19/75. Stockholm. RSW.
LYTH, GEORG WILHELM Sweden, 1834-1918, MIM NIM Stockholm. Pipping 1.

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