Webster Signature Database Search Results

Important note: Most of these instruments are not in the Adler collection (which you can find more information about here). We know nothing about them beyond the information returned by searching this database. You may be able to learn more by contacting the institutions in the "Instruments" column, or by consulting the "References" listed.

Your search for signatures starting with K yielded 446 entries. Displaying entries 1–446.
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Signature Maker Info Instruments Comments Location References
K. Germany, 18th Century, MIM Diptych Sundials, wood = Larvik Marine Museum, Norway, POTS. the mark is a crown over "K." Körber 1; RSW.
K.F. Traverse Board = OMM. RSW.
K.K. 1 17th Century, MIM Navicula-type Sundial = OXF. RSW.
K.K. 2 Germany, 18th Century, MIM Quadrant and Level, mining-type, ivory = OXF. RSW.
K.L.C. 1 c.1790, MIM SIM Cartographic Surveying Rule = Christie-SK 11/27/86. under a crown; also marked "N.G.H." RSW.
K.L.C. 2 MIM Rule, silver, in etui = NOR. RSW.
K.M. 1 Germany, 16th Century, MIM Dividers with Sundial and Compass = FIN = EMA. Zinner 1; RSW.
K.M. 2 see H.A. K.M.
K.S. 1723, MIM Bow Compass, 1723 = D.(1987). Coffeen 15.
KACHLER Germany, 19th Century, MIM Horizontal Sundial = UTR. Stuttgart. de Rijk.
KADAUER see Kodauer. Zinner 1.
KAERIUS, P. 1614, MIM Pair of Globes, 1614 = NMM-G.108, 109. ex-Mensing Coll. NMM 2.
KAETHOFF, CASPAR Holland, see Caspar Kalthoff. Daumas 1.
KAI?___, I.L. 1666, NIM Cross-staff, 1666 = PEA. also marked "Edward Holyoke 1718." Brewington 1; USNM; RSW.
KAKELAAR, HENDRIKUS Holland, fl.1783-86, NIM marked on compass card in Joseph van den Eeckout's grand orrery in Zeeuws Museum, Middelburg. Middelburg. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
KALABERGO, G. England, c.1820, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie-SK 11/21/95. possibly misreading for John Kalabergo, which see. Banbury. RSW.
KALABERGO, JOHN England, 1812-52, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X (4), Phillips 9/10/86; Soth. 1/27/88. the barometers at Phillips and Soth. were read as "G. Kalabergo Banbury." Market Place (1830-32); Bridge Street North (1832-52); both in Banbury. Goodison 1; RSW.
KALLER France, c.1760, NIM Octant = POB. also marked "ETS." Paris. Trois Siècles.
KALTENBACK, FALLER AND CO. see Caltenback, Fuller and Co. Bell 2.
KALTHOFF, CASPAR Holland; England, fl.1628-64, MIM excellent instrument maker; worked with Johannes Digges and William Corderoy. Dordrecht; London. Rooseboom 1; Dewhirst; Evans 1; Daumas 1.
KAMPE, FRANZ LEBRECHT Germany, 1712-85, MIM Quadrant on stand = Universtätssternwarte, Göttingen. made astronomical instruments and clocks. Göttingen. Zinner 1; Daumas 1.
KAMPF, JOHANN Germany, 18th Century, MIM Horizontal Sundial, round = ZUR. Zinner 1.
KAMPMAN, J. Holland, c.1770, MIM PHIM Level, wood = TEY; Philosophical Instruments = TEY. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1; G.L'E. Turner 7.
KAMPMAN, J., AND ADAM STEITZ Holland, c.1770, PHIM Parabolic Trajectories = TEY (2); Rebound Trajectory = TEY; Projectile Trolley = TEY; Cycloidal Tracks = TEY (2); Inclined Planes = TEY; etc. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1; G.L'E. Turner 7.
KANDEL, JOHAN GEORG Switzerland, MIM Sundial = X. Constanz. Evans 1.
KANTER, J. DE, PH.Z. Holland, 1762-1841, MIM SIM Pocket Solarium, paper and wood, 1788 = AMST. author. Wissekerke; Middelburg. Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2.
KANUMAK, PIOMA Russia, NIM Sextant = Central Naval Museum, Leningrad. RSW.
KARL Germany, 17th Century, MIM Horizontal Sundial = P. and S. 2/9/1897. Munich. RSW.
KARL, F. LIBERATUS Germany, 1766, MIM Horizontal Sundial, case, 1766 = P. and S. 3/8/1895. Baden. Evans 1.
KARL, GEORG Germany, 1598, MIM Diptych Sundial, 1598 = OXF. Zinner 1; Evans 1; Dewhirst; Michel 3; Gunther 2; Baillie 1.
KARMEYER Germany, c.1650, MIM Astrolabe Table Clock = X. Marienburg. Baillie 1.
KARMOCK, JOHN England, fl.1782-87, MIM apprenticed to Thomas Ripley 1 of the Grocers' Company in 1773; free of the Company in 1782; took apprentices. 35 Wapping Street (1782-86); 302 Bell Dock, Wapping (1787); both in London. J. Brown 1.
KARMOCK, STEPHEN England, c.1783, apprenticed to his brother, John Karmock, of the Grocers' Company, 1783. J. Brown 1.
KARNER, ALBRECHT Germany, 1619-87, MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory = BUD (1655), Fränkel Coll. (1655), D.(1985) (1655), GRA (1658), BAM (1661), BM (1661), St. Gallen Altertums-Sammlung (1661), MEM (1662), WUP (1667), Michel Coll. (1668), ADL-DPW26 (1668), Hübner Coll., Vienna (1688), MUN, GRA, etc. son of Conrad Karner 2; fl.1655-87; master mark is hunting horn; 1688 instrument probably misreading of date. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Michel 1 and 3; Gunther 2; Dewhirst; Price 3; Ward 4; Baillie 1; Gouk 1; Coffeen 10; ADL; RSW.
KARNER, ANDREAS Germany, 1620-82, MIM compass maker; son of Hans Karner 1 or 2; Gouk's text does not agree with her chart. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
KARNER, CASPAR Germany, 1542-pre-90, MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory = OXF. Master in 1564. Nürnberg. Michel 1 and 3; Baillie 1; Gouk 1.
KARNER, CONRAD 1 Germany, fl.1567-71, MIM compass maker; father of Conrad Karner 2. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
KARNER, CONRAD 2 Germany, 1571-1632, MIM Diptych Sundials, ivory = D.(1619), ADL-W21 (1621), BM (1622), LIE (1622), WHI (1623), Palazzo Madama, Turin (1623), MUN (1628), Huelsmann Coll. (1628), BASH (1629), OXF (1630), GEP (1631), NYS (1632), STU, National Museum, Helsinki, OXF, etc. master mark is hunting horn. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; USNM; Gunther 2; Josten 1; Price 2 and 3; Ward 4; Michel 3; NMM 2; Baillie 1; Bryden 16; Gouk 1; Syndram; ADL; RSW.
KARNER, ELISABETH Germany, fl.1564-90, married Caspar Karner in 1564, had eight children; married Albrecht Lösel in 1590 and had one son, Michael Lesel, which see. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
KARNER, ERASMUS Germany, 1614-51, MIM compass maker; son of Conrad Karner 2. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
KARNER, GEORG Germany, b.1648 fl.1679, MIM Diptych Sundials, ivory = MUN (1679), P.C., OXF, UTR, etc.; Diptych Sundial, ivory, lower leaf = Landshut in Niederbayern Museum. master mark is jumping horse; the UTR dial has only the master mark; Georg was Melchior Karner's brother and son of Albrecht Karner. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Price 2; Evans 1; De Clerque 1; Gouk 1; RSW.
KARNER, HANS 1 Germany, fl.1588-1632, MIM Diptych Sundials, ivory = D.(1983), ADL-W136. the ADL sundial has two Maltese crosses in compass box. Nürnberg. Coffeen E; Gouk 1; ADL; RSW.
KARNER, HANS 2 Germany, 1597-1676, MIM compass maker; son of Hans Karner 1. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
KARNER, HANS 3 Germany, 1650-1716, MIM compass maker; son of Albrecht Karner. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
KARNER, HANS PAULUS Germany, 1606-27, MIM son of Hans Karner 1; compass maker; did not make ivory diptych sundials. Nürnberg. Gouk 1; RSW,
KARNER, JACOB Germany, 1612-48, MIM Diptych Sundials, ivory = DEU (1599), WHI (1639), WHI (1648), WHI (3), NYC (incomplete). master mark is "I.3 K.", which see; WHI (1648) is signed "3", other WHI, undated, are signed "I.3 K." and "3"; some of the rest of these sundials are signed thus or with a "3"; son of Conrad Karner 2; DEU (1599) diptych must be a misreading of the date. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Bryden 16; Price 2; Gouk 1; Syndram; RSW.
KARNER, JACOB FRIEDRICH Germany, 1640-86, MIM compass maker; son of Jacob Karner and grandson of Conrad Karner 2. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
KARNER, LEONHARD ANDREAS Germany, 1682-1733, MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory = Heidelburg Museum (1732). master mark was glove with cuff; see "L.K." 1 and "L.A.K." Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Evans 1; Gunther 2; Gouk 1; RSW.
KARNER, MARTIN Germany, 1606-32, MIM compass maker; son of Conrad Karner 2. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
KARNER, MELCHIOR Germany, 1642-1707, MIM Diptych Sundials, ivory = Geneva Mus. of Horology (1665), LIN and KLA (1685), OXF and PAK (1690), P.C. (1687), etc. master mark is 4; see "M.K." 3; Melchior was the son of Albrecht Karner; Gouk thought that the small, ivory on wood, diptych sundials stamped with mark of a mitten were his. Arnstadt. Zinner 1; Gunther 2; Evans 1; USNM; Dewhirst; Baillie 1; Gouk 1; Syndram; RSW.
KARRATT, S. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Newcastle-under-Lyme. Goodison 1.
KARRENO 1786, MIM Universal Ring Sundial, 1786 = SPI-2841; Sundial, 1786 = Bourgeois Sale. might be the same dial. Evans 1; RSW.
KARSENO see Karreno. Evans 1.
KARTARO, MARIO see Mario Cartaro. Tooley.
KASNER AND MOSS Australia, MIM Compass, pocket = Christie-SK 4/17/86. Melbourne. RSW.
KASPAR, MICHAEL see Michael Chasper.
KASSELMAN, HENDRIK A. Germany, c.1750, NIM Octant = HAA. Michel 1.
KATER, HENRY England, 1777-1835, with the Royal Engineers in India; improved geodetic instruments; invented a reversible pendulum to find the value of gravity; designed a hygrometer; Royal Society medal in 1817; F.R.S. Taylor 2(999); McConnell (1984); G.L'E. Turner 24; DNB; RSW.
KAUFFER, MICHAEL Germany, c.1655-1730, MIM Astrolabe, 1681 = STU (ICA-571); Calendar, 1685 = STU; Quadrant, 1685 = STU; Astronomical Table = STU. Kauffer "sculpsit" and Carolus Graff "delineavit" the instruments. Augsburg. Zinner 1; Bobinger 2; Himmerlein 1; Price 1; ICA 2;
KAUFMANN, C. Germany, MIM Polymeter = DEU. Kreuzlingen. RSW.
KAUKOL, D.K. Germany, 1708, MIM Globe Sundial, 1708 = REG. Altenbuch. Zinner 1.
KEAPPOCK, JAMES USA, c.1753, NIM Octant, 1753 = P.C. Philadelphia, Pa. D.J. Warner 10.
KEATOR, FRED W. USA, 20th Century, MIM Mariner's Astrolabe = MYS. modern reproduction. RSW.
KEEGAN, MICHAEL England, c.1840, MIM OIM 2 Phoenix Street, Soho, London. O'Mara.
KEEN England, MIM OIM see Frodsham and Keen; Gray and Keen; and Jones, Gray and Keen. Liverpool. Bell 2; Soth. 6/16/75.
KEEN AND FRODSHAM England, c.1840, MIM OIM PHIM Telescope = Nat'l Museum of Canada; Marine Barometer = X; Sextant = Soth. 12/10/73; Compass = Drouot 11/7/67. Robert Keen and Charles Frodsham. 17 South Castle Street, Liverpool. Goodison 1; USNM; RSW.
KEEN, P.I. England, NIM Octant = Soth. 10/15/73. probably a misreading of R.I. Keen; Robert John Keen. Postern Row, Tower Hill, London. RSW.
KEEN, ROBERT England, fl.1845-54, MIM see Frodsham and Keen; Jones, Gray and Keen; Gray and Keen. Liverpool. Brewington 1.
KEEN, ROBERT JOHN England, fl.1838, OIM 8 Postern Row, Tower Hill, London. Taylor 2(2164).
KEENE, ARTHUR B. Ireland, c.1854, Pair of Globes, 17" dia. = D.(1971). agent for Thomas Maltby of London. 4 Kildare Place, Dublin. Bryden 9; RSW.
KEHEW, JOHN USA, 1818-1889, MIM NIM OIM Marine Compass = Whaling Museum, Nantucket, Mass.; Octant, ebony = D.(1992). nephew of Samuel Emery; partner of Edward Samuel Ritchie in E.S. Ritchie and Co., Boston, 1862 on; T.C.(1841-56); dealer. 69 North Water Street (1841-56); 49 North Water Street, corner of William Street (1859); both in New Bedford, Mass.; Boston, Mass. (1862). Brewington 1; Price 2; Smart 1; D.J. Warner 10; Coffeen 36; RSW.
KEILL, SIMON England, 1657, MIM Horary Quadrant, 1657 = FLO-1294. Bonelli 1.
KEITH, ALEXANDER Scotland, c.1795, designed a self-registering maximum-minimum thermometer and a surveying level. Edinburgh. Taylor 2(678 & 1000).
KEITH, GEORGE Scotland?, d.1812, PHIM made clocks, watches, and barometers. Strathaven. Bell 2.
KEIZER, LAWRENCE England, c.1841, PHIM made barometers and looking glasses. Great Charlotte Street, Liverpool. Bell 2.
KELHAM, ROBERT England, c.1850, PHIM Stick Barometer = Amersham Auction 3/3/97. Chelmsford. ATG 4/12/97.
KELLER France, c. 1750, MIM NIM made octants and other instruments. Paris. Nachet; Daumas 1.
KELLER, J. CO. Switzerland, "J. Co. Keller Sculpsit" marked on horary quadrant by Johann Meylin. Zinner 1.
KELLER, JOHANN CHRISTOF Austria, c.1600, MIM Horizontal Sundials = P.C., OXF (2), ADL-M293, Burndy Library, Conn., P. and S. 6/18/1894, P-B 1/22/54. mathematician. Linz. Zinner 1; Engelmann 1; Michel 3; USNM; Baillie 1; Maddison 1; ADL; RSW.
KELLNER, KARL Germany, c.1849, OIM Microscope = LEY. started Optical Institute in Wetzler in 1849. Wetzler. van der Star 1; RSW.
KELLY, ELIZABETH England, c.1838, OIM optician. 22 Charles Street, Hatton Garden, London. O'Mara.
KELSON, JONAS England, 1648, MIM Perpetual Calendar, oval, 1648 = OXF. Simpson; RSW.
KELVEY India; England, 19th Century, OIM see Cooke and Kelvey. Calcutta and Liverpool. Soth. 2/28/80.
KELVIN AND JAMES WHITE LTD. SCOTLAND, PHIM Marine Barometer and Sympiesometer = Soth. 7/19/88. Glasgow. RSW.
KELVIN AND WHITE USA, NIM Nautical Rule = Drouot 11/30/70. Boston, Mass.; New York, N.Y. RSW.
KELVIN, BOTTOMLEY AND BAIRD LTD. Scotland, c.1870, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth. 7/19/88. Glasgow. RSW.
KELVIN, LORD William Thomson, which see. G.L'E. Turner 24; Burnett (1984).
KEMEL, DE Belgium, NIM Sextant = DNM. Antwerp. RSW.
KEMM, E. England, post-1776, MIM Terrestrial Globe, miniature, with celestial lining in fishskin case. signed "A new GLOBE of the EARTH from the best Authorities by E. Kemm"; shows Cook's voyages in 1775 and 1776. RSW.
KEMP AND CO. Scotland, fl.1835-99, PHIM Thermometer = RSM; Meteorological Equipment (incomplete) = RSM; Disc Electrical Machine = RSM; Henley's Discharging Table = RSM; Furnace Cylinder = RSM; etc. made chemical apparatus; founded by Kenneth Treasurer Kemp in 1835; he was joined by his brothers, James and Alexander Kemp, which see; firm was continued after 1864 by unidentified relatives from Glasgow. 7 South College Street (1835-38); 53 South Bridge (1839-44); 12 and 13 Infirmary Street (1845-87); all in Edinburgh. Taylor 2(2165); Bryden 3; Morrison-Low 2; Dewhirst.
KEMP, ALEXANDER Scotland, 1822-54, PHIM with Kemp and Co. from 1841-54, with his older brothers, James and Kenneth Treasurer Kemp, which see; author; made chemical equipment. 53 South Bridge (1841-44); 12 and 13 Infirmary Street (1845-54); both in Edinburgh. Morrison-Low 2.
KEMP, JAMES Scotland, 1802-64, PHIM elder brother of Kenneth Treasurer Kemp; joined Kemp and Co. between 1841 and 1851; worked with his younger brother, Alexander Kemp; made chemical apparatus. 12 and 13 Infirmary Street, Edinburgh (1845-64). Morrison-Low 2.
KEMP, JOHN England, c.1825, PHIM Barometer = P.C.; Wheel Barometer = Phillips 2/14/79; Stick Barometer = Soth. 5/1/86. Wakefield. Goodison 1; RSW.
KEMP, KENNETH TREASURER Scotland, 1805-42, PHIM Galvanic Battery, 1828 = RSM; Experimental Galvanic Battery, 1830 = RSM; Liquified Gases = RSM (4); Blowpipe, 1829 = RSM. apprenticed to Drs. John and Thomas Johnstone Aitken, surgeon-apothecaries, in 1832 for five years; chemical apparatus maker from 1829 on; founded Kemp and Co. in 1835, which survived him until 1899; main interest was chemical electricity; author. Surgeon Square, Edinburgh (1829-36). Bryden 3; Morrison-Low 2.
KEMPSON AND KINDEN England, fl.1803-09, MIM Perpetual Calendar Discs = BM (1803 and 1809). Birmingham. Price 3; Ward 4.
KEMPSON AND SON England, 1826, MIM Perpetual Calendar, 1826 = D.(1985). perhaps P. Kempson and Son. Birmingham. Coffeen 9; RSW.
KEMPSON, P. England, fl.1797-98, MIM Perpetual Calendar Discs = BM (1797 and 1798). Birmingham. Price 3; Ward 4.
KENDALL, EDWIN USA, 1812-63?, PHIM Aneroid Barometer = USNM. second son of Thomas Kendall, Jr.; made thermometers and mercurial barometers by 1844; by 1858 he was making aneroid barometers. New Lebanon, N.Y. (1844-58); Great Barrington, MA. (1858-59); New Lebanon Spa, N.Y. (Lebanon Springs, N.Y.) (1859-63). S.C. Turner.
KENDALL, JOHN USA, 1810-92, PHIM son of Thomas Kendall, Jr.; trained by his father; continued his father's shop, 1831-92; renaming it John Kendall and Co.; took Edward C. Clark as partner;; thermometer maker. New Lebanon, N.Y. Smart 1; S.C. Turner.
KENDALL, JOHN, AND CO. USA, 1832-92, PHIM made thermometers; John Kendall and Edward C. Clark. New Lebanon, N.Y. S.C. Turner.
KENDALL, THOMAS, JR. USA, 1786-1831, MIM PHIM invented a linear dividing engine (Universal Graduator [Gradienter]) to mark thermometer tubes in 1817; made a great many thermometers; T.C.; had three sons, John, Edwin and David, which see. Millbury, Mass. (pre-1817-20); New Lebanon, N.Y. (1820-31). Smart 1; USNM; Bedini 8; S.C. Turner.
KENDALL-GREEN, R.B. England, PHIM barometer maker. Deddington; Oxford. Bell 2.
KENDRICK, ARCHIBALD England, fl.1791-1820, PHIM made weights. London. Crawforth 6.
KENDRICK, ARCHIBALD, AND CO. England, fl.1820-28, PHIM made weights. London. Crawforth 6.
KENDRICK, ARCHIBALD, AND SON England, 1828-30, PHIM weight makers; the firm became "Archibald Kendrick and Sons" (1830-79) and "Archibald Kendrick and Son Ltd" (1879-1986). London. Crawforth 6.
KENDRICK, CHARLES England, c.1850, PHIM barometer maker. Evesham Street, Alcester. Bell 2.
KENEY, VINCENT England, c.1530, MIM sundial maker? London. Baillie 1.
KENINGHAM see Cuningham. P.J. Wallis; Taylor 1(22).
KENNARD, JOHN USA, 1782-1861, MIM SIM Quadrants with sights and compasses, wood = Dartmouth College Museum, Hanover, N. H./ Currier Gallery of Arts, Manchester, N.H., D.(1993). compass card and dial of Dartmouth instrument made by Thomas Salters Bowles; D. signed "Newmarket"; made Phineas Merrill-type quadrant; Newmarket is now Newfields. Portsmouth; Nashua; Concord; Newmarket; all in New Hampshire. Bedini 1; Smart 1; Price 2; MAD, May, 1993.
KENNY, M.J. USA, OIM Telescope = USNM. "inventor and builder." Buffalo, N.Y. USNM.
KENRICK, W. Holland, c.1800, MIM Magnetic Compass = TEY. Amsterdam. G.L'E. Turner 7.
KENT, CHARLTON England, NIM Dip Needles = USNM (2); Kew Magnetometer = USNM. Dover. USNM.
KENT, DAVID NIM Liquid Compass = D.(1975). RSW.
KENTISH, THOMAS England, fl.1839-47, MIM Slide Rule, wood = D. designed a type of slide rule which had gauge points printed on a paper strip for the fourth side; author. Taylor 2(2166); Delehar 9; RSW.
KENVYN, G. see James Kynfin. Michel 2; Taylor 1(73); Price 1.
KENVYN, JAMES see James Kynfin. RSW; Michel 2.
KENYON, HENRY England, c.1840, MIM OIM 126 High Street, Wapping, London. O'Mara.
KEOHAN, THOMAS England, fl.1816-40, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Octant = PEA; Quadrant, ebony and brass = D.(1976); Telescope = D.(1972); Sextants = Seamans Institute of New York, Fall River Marine Museum, Mass.; Barometer = Christie-SK 5/15/96. apprenticed to William Elliott 1 in the Joiners' Company, Dec. 17, 1816. 1 Arbour Terrace (pre-1836); 33 Upper Smithfield; 53 John Street; 2 Arbour Terrace, Commercial Road East; all in London. Bell 2; USNM; Brewington 1; Taylor 2(2218); Moskowitz 104; O'Mara; Rinaldi 2; Crawforth 7; RSW.
KEPLER, JOHANN Germany, 1571-1630, astronomer; worked for Tycho Brahe and then for Rudolph II; author; developed the Keplerian telescope; determined the elliptical orbits of the planets. Dreyer; etc.
KEPPELER, JOHAN NEPOMUK Germany, 1834, MIM Horizontal Sundial, honestone, 1834 = P. and S. 3/20/1896. RSW.
KERBY, FREDERICK England, c.1840, MIM PHIM Platt Terrace, Kings Cross, London. O'Mara.
KERLING, H.J. WAT Germany, MIM SIM Circumferentor = DEU. Zinner 1.
KERN, J. Switzerland, c.1850, MIM Set of Drawing Instruments = Koller May, 1972. Kern had a display in the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London. Aarau. G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
KERN, S. USA, c.1846, invented a surveying compass made by Jacob Sensensy Danner, which see. Strasburgh, Va. Smart 1; USNM.
KERNER, MELCHER Germany, surely Melchior Karner. Soth. 12/8/69.
KERR, ALEXANDER Scotland, c.1820, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. clockmaker. Annan. Goodison 1; Baillie 1.
KESER, HANS Germany, c.1528, MIM compass maker. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
KESSEL Germany, 1742, MIM Polyhedral Sundial, marble, 1742 = ADL-M483. similar sundial at STU. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
KESSLER, FRANZ Zinner 1; Vey.
KETTERER, ALOYSIUS England; USA, fl.1789-90, PHIM made barometers and thermometers; succeeded John Deregan; succeeded by Martin Fisher. at the Sign of the Seven Stars, Race and Fourth Streets (1789); in house of Nicholas Hess on Race Street, opposite the German church (1790); both in Philadelphia, Pa. Bedini 1 and 8; Gillingham 1.
KETTERRER England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Soth.-Chester 3/9/83. 99 Queen Street, Portsea. Goodison 1; RSW.
KETTLE, NATHANIEL England, c.1754, apprenticed to George Adams 1 of the Grocers' Company in 1754. J. Brown 1.
KETTLEWELL, C.J. England, 19th Century, NIM Sextant = Phillips 2/2/84. also marked "Patent Composite Arc." RSW.
KEULEN, ABRAHAM VAN Holland, 1697, MIM Globe, 2-inch diameter, leather case = D.(1990). advertised a pocket globe in 1697; leather case has signed, celestial lining. Amsterdam. Edell 1; Krogt 2; RSW.
KEULEN, CORNELIS BUYS VAN Holland, fl.1756-78, NIM partner in Johannes van Keulen (3) en Zoonen, 1756-78. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
KEULEN, GERARD HULST VAN see Hulst van Keulen, Gerard. Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2.
KEULEN, GERARD VAN Holland, c.1678-1726, NIM also signed "G.v.K."; cross-staff signed that way at UTR; took Johannes van Keulen 3 as partner in 1725. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
KEULEN, JAN VAN Holland, 1724, NIM Cross-staves = UTR (1724), UTR. RSW.
KEULEN, JOHANNES VAN (3), EN ZOONEN Holland, fl.1756-1801, NIM made many cross-staves and octants; dates ranged from 1758-80; examples can be seen at ADL, AMST, Groningen Museum, PMM, UTR, Fishery Museum, Vlaardingen, etc; many signed "I.v.K." or "J.v.K." Gerard Hulst van Keulen, partner in 1756-79; Cornelis Buys van Keulen, partner in 1778-79; Johannes van Keulen 4 was partner in 1778. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 1 and 2; ADL; RSW.
KEULEN, JOHANNES VAN 1 Holland, 1654-1715, MIM NIM Planetaria = LEY (2); Cross-staves = AMST (1700), HAM (1701), School of Navigation, Altona (1701), P.C. (1702), UTR; Bearing Compass = AMST; Astrolabe, paper (in book) = BAR; Roemer's Jovilabe and Saturnilabe = lost. planetaria made to Huygens' design; cross-staves signed either "I.v.K." or "J.v.K."; associated with Jacob Robijn in 1679; also made clocks. Amsterdam (1682); The Hague. Mörzer Bruyns 1 and 2; Daumas 1; Rooseboom 1; H.C. King 2.
KEULEN, JOHANNES VAN 2 Holland, fl.1684-99, published books and sea charts; published planisphere by Nicolas J. Vooghdio, Amsterdam, ADL-A286. Amsterdam. Krogt 2; ADL; RSW.
KEULEN, JOHANNES VAN 3 Holland, fl.1725-56, MIM NIM Cross-staves = HAM (1733), P.C. (1736), P.C. (1740), P.C. (1751), Municipal Museum, Westterschelling (1755); Azimuth Compasses = RIJ (2); Bearing Compass = RIJ; Pleinschaal = RIJ. two cross-staves signed "I.v.K." and three signed "J.v.K."; compass brass plate signed "Johannes van Keulen * Wed. G. Hulst van Keulen"; Weduwe Gerard van Keulen was partner, 1726-31; Weduwe Johannes van Keulen 1 was partner, 1755-56; pleinschaal is a form of Gunter rule. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 1, 2 and 4; Rooseboom 1; Daumas 1; Cowan; Engelsman.
KEULEN, JOHANNES VAN 4 Holland, fl.1776-78, NIM Cross-staff, 1776 = PMM. cross-staff signed "I.v.K. 1776 Amsterdam"; partner in Johannes van Keulen (3) en Zoonen in 1778. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2; RSW.
KEULEN, WEDUWE GERARD VAN Holland, fl.1726-31, NIM partner with Johannes van Keulen 3 in 1726-31. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 1 and 2.
KEULEN, WEDUWE JOHANNES VAN Holland, 1755-56, NIM she was widow of Johannes van Keulen 1; partner with Johannes van Keulen 3 in 1755-56. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 1 and 2.
KEUZEKAMP, F. Holland, 1799, PHIM Electrical Machine, 1799 = Frans Pasteur (1799). Delft. Rooseboom 1.
KEWLEY, JOHN England, 1774, MIM Sundial = Ballafreer Farm, Braddan, Isle of Man; Instrument, 1774 = Evans Coll. Gatty; Evans 1.
KEWLEY, THOMAS England, c.1816, PHIM devised an improved thermometer. Aldersgate Street, London. Taylor 2(1312).
KEYL, JULIUS Germany, c.1850, MIM Mining Compass = DRE. Zwickau. RSW.
KEYNON England, c.1840, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-C 6/6/85. Stockport. RSW.
KEYS, HENRY England, c.1716, apprenticed to Robert Chantrey of the Grocers' Company, 1716. J. Brown 1.
KEYZOR AND BENDON England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Keyzor and Bendon were brothers born Abraham and George Bandan. Their parents were Moses Bandan (later Bendon) and Alice Kyezor (aka Keyzor). Abraham changed his surname to Keyzor when he went to work with his Uncle Michael Keyzor in Norfolk in 1847. They started out as Opticians. When Abraham returned to London in 1855 he took over the business established by William Harris & Son at 50 High Holborn and originally called it Keyzor & Co. His younger brother George, then known as George Bendon joined him prior to 1861. They operated the business under the name Keyzor and Bendon until Abraham's death in 1873. 50 High Holborn, London. Goodison 1; Bell 2; WEBDB.
KIBBLE England, c.1830, PHIM Stick Barometers = D.(1976), D.(1988). Greenwich. RSW.
KIBBLE, JOHN England, fl.1824-37, MIM made drawing instruments. 81 Highfield Street and 27 Great Crosshall Street, Liverpool. Taylor 2(1614); Crawforth 6.
KIDD England, PHIM Stick Barometer = CMY. Malton. RSW.
KIENING, CHRISTOPH Germany, 1582, MIM Sundial, stone, 1582 = MUN. from the Bassermann-Jordan Coll. Füssen. Bassermann-Jordan 1; Michel 3.
KIENING, HANS Germany, fl.1575-78, MIM Book-form Clocks with Sundials in lids = OXF (1575), X; Astronomical Clock, 1578 = VIE. Füssen. Zinner 1; Baillie 1; Michel 3.
KIENING, ISAAK Germany, fl.1568-76, MIM Horizontal Sundials = MUB (1568), AUG (1569), VIE (1569), St.Gallen Altertumssammlung (1576), Bebenhausen Schloss (1576), Christie 3/29/90 (1570). the sundials in AUG and Christie are made of stone. Isny. Zinner 1; Price 2; Evans 1; Michel 3; RSW.
KIESTRA, JOH. Holland, 1821-1906, OIM Lens for telescope = Eisinga's house, Franeker. Herbagum. RSW.
KILBINGTON England, c.1789, MIM compass maker; see Edwards and Kilbington. Wapping, London. Taylor 2(831 & 860).
KILLICK England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. may be James Killick. Goodison 1; RSW.
KILLICK AND WEBB England, c.1850, PHIM barometer makers. Opposite the Albert Gate, London. Bell 2.
KILLICK, JAMES England, fl.1839-50, PHIM barometer maker; see Killick; silversmith. St. George's Place, London. Bell 2.
KILNER, THOMAS England?, 1649, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1649 = PRZ. RSW.
KILPATRICK, ALEXANDER Scotlandfl.1820-32, PHIM maker of chemical apparatus; started as a tinsmith before 1820. 14 Crosscauseway (1826-32); 1 Hope Street (1832); both in Edinburgh. Bryden 3.
KILPATRICK, JOHN Scotland, fl.1833-36, PHIM chemical apparatus maker. 14 Crosscauseway and 1 Hope Street (1833); 1 Hope Street (1834-36); both in Edinburgh. Bryden 3.
KIMBELL, ISAAC England, fl.1775-1828, OIM 21 Dean Street, Fetter Lane; London. Taylor 2(737); Clay and Court; Crawforth 6.
KIMBELL, JOHN England, fl.1817-29, MIM OIM PHIM apprenticed to Benjamin Martin in the Goldsmiths' Company on April 4, 1763. 21 Dean Street, Fetter Lane; London. Taylor 2(1372); Dewhirst; Crawforth 6.
KINDLER, E. USA, 19th Century, MIM Circular Slide Rule = ADL-G5. Chicago, Ill. ADL; RSW.
KINDON England, see Kempson and Kindon. Birmingham. Price 3.
KINDON, JAMES England, 1771, MIM Rule, boxwood, 1771 = Lunar Society Exhibition, 1966. Birmingham. Bryden 9.
KING 1 Scotland, c.1790, PHIM Wheel Barometer = D.(1973). 45 Baldwin's Green, Leith; Lanark. Morrison-Low; RSW.
KING 2 England, c.1822, MIM NIM Octant, ebony = Soth. 11/9/70; Equatorial Sundial = Christie 12/12/72. John King 2 (?). Bristol. Bryden 9.
KING 3 England, 19th Century, PHIM Wheel Barometer with clock = Christie-NY 10/26/87. has thermometer and hygrometer. London. RSW.
KING 4 England, c.1830, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-PB pre-1980. could be G.B. King, John King 2 or Thomas D. King. Bristol. RSW.
KING AND COOMBS England, c.1850, OIM PHIM Prism, Amici-type = D.(1983). 2 Clare Street, Bristol. Coffeen C.
KING AND HAGGER USA, fl.1759-62, MIM NIM Benjamin King 1 and either William Hagger or William Guyse Hagger. near the Sign of Mr. Pitt, Newport, R.I. Bedini 1.
KING AND SON England, OIM Microscope, botanical = Christie-SK 11/19/87. probably J. King and Son, which see. Bristol. RSW.
KING, ALEXANDER Scotland, c.1840, NIM 37 High Street, Dundee. Bryden 3.
KING, BENJAMIN 1 USA, 1707-86, MIM NIM Backstaves = New Bedford Whaling Museum (1758 & 1785), P.C. (1760, 1763, 1764), Duke's Cty. Hist. Soc. (1754), MYS (1758 & 1762), Shelburne Mus. (1762), Phillips House, Wickford (1762), R.I. Historical Society (1762), Newport Historical Society (1771 & 1785), Fall River Marine Museum, Mass. (1758), etc.; Octant, 1767 = Soth. 5/21/73; Caleb Smith-type Hadley Quadrants = J.C. Brown Library, Brown U., X (1769). brother of Daniel King; father of Samuel King; partner of Hagger; in business for himself before 1760. Salem, Mass.; at the Sign of the Mathematical Instruments, next to the Golden Eagle on Thames Street, Newport R.I. (1742-64); Charleston, S. Car. (1765). Bedini 1 & 8; Smart 1; Brewington 1; Evans 1; USNM; Moskowitz 102; D.J. Warner 8, 10 and 12; RSW.
KING, BENJAMIN 2 USA, 1740-1804, MIM NIM Backstaff, 1770 = DeLuca 8/1/87 = D.(1989); Backstaff, 1775 = PEA; Marine Compass = PEA; Octant, 1767 = Soth. 1973. apprenticed to his father, Daniel King; nephew of Benjamin King 1; succeeded by his son-in-law, Capt. Jonathan Mason. Court Street; Lynde Street; both in Salem, New England. Bedini 1 & 8; Brewington 1; Bryden 9; Smart 1; D.J. Warner 8, 10 and 12; RSW.
KING, CHARLES GEDNEY USA, 1808-72, MIM NIM PHIM SIM Surveying Crosses = ESS(2); Transit = GUR; Surveying Compasses = Old Gaol Museum, Maine, DeLuca 8/1/87. son of Gedney King; see Gedney King and Son.; T.C.; most instruments signed "C.G. King." No. 7 Broad Street, third store from State Street (1839-58); Washington Street (1858-72); both in Boston, Mass. Brewington 1; Smart 1; USNM; Moskowitz 103; RSW.
KING, DANIEL USA, 1704-90, MIM NIM PHIM SIM Surveying Compass, wood, 1744 = P.C.; Graphometer, wood, 1767 = PEA; Backstaff, 1766 = R.L. Foster, Jr. Auction, 8/1/86 = Foster, Jr. Auction 8/1/88 = Maine Maritime Museum; Electrostatic Machine = X. brother of Benjamin King 1; father of Benjamin King 2 and had him as an apprentice; the 1744 compass card is marked with a tide table; backstaff made for Nicholas Gifford, March 24, 1766, "scrimshawed." Salem, New England. Bedini 1, 8 and 14; Smart 1; Brewington 1; D.J. Warner 8 and 12; RSW.
KING, F.W. AND R. England; USA, fl.1849-75, MIM NIM SIM Surveying Compasses = GUR, P.C., D.(1983); Level Holder = USNM. Frederick W. and Richard King; successors to James Green 2 (pre-1851); succeeded by Edward Meister in 1876; T.C. London; 13 Nassau Street, New York, N.Y. (1849-50); 33 South Street (1851-); 226 Baltimore Street; both in Baltimore, Md. Smart 1. USNM; RSW.
KING, FREDERICK W. USA, 1821-89, MIM NIM PHIM SIM see F.W. and R. King. New York, N.Y.; Baltimore, Md. Smart 1; USNM.
KING, G.B. England, fl.1821-50+, PHIM made barometers. College Green, Bristol. Bell 2.
KING, GEDNEY USA, 1777-1839, MIM NIM Marine Compasses = PEA (2), D.(1974). father of Charles Gedney King; apprenticed to his uncle, Benjamin King 2; Joseph Callender and Thomas Wightman produced his compass cards; T.C.; see Gedney King and Son. Fore Street, near foot of Cross Street (1800); No. 8 North Row, Fish Street (1803); 10 North Row, Fish Street (1805); 29 State Street (1820); 113 State Street (1826); 118 State Street (1827); 7 Broad Street (1831); 95 State Street; all in Boston, Mass. Smart 1; Brewington 1; Moskowitz 108; Bedini 8; USNM; D.J.Warner 10 and 12; RSW.
KING, GEDNEY, AND SON USA, fl.1832-39, MIM NIM son was Charles Gedney King; T.C. 7 Broad Street, Boston, Mass. Brewington 1; Smart 1; Coffeen H.
KING, GEORGE England, fl.1802-09, MIM clock and watch maker; repaired and sold mathematical instruments. Crawforth 1.
KING, GREGORY England, fl.1628-82, MIM a diallist. Lichfield. Taylor 1(161).
KING, H.J., AND CO. Scotland, c.1850, MIM Micrometer = BIR. engineers. Glasgow. RSW.
KING, I. England, c.1775, OIM Microscope, improved compound = Soth. 12/10/73. John King 3? RSW.
KING, J., AND SON England, fl.1823-31, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X (2), Soth. 6/27/88. opticians; John King 3 and John King 4. 2 Clare Street, Bristol. Bryden 9; Goodison 1; Bell 2; Taylor 2(1615); RSW.
KING, JOHN 1 Scotland, c.1780, PHIM also made clocks. Aberdeen. Bryden 3; J.S. Reid;
KING, JOHN 2 England, fl.1788-1805, MIM apprenticed to William Spencer 2 in the Grocers' Company in 1781; free of the Company in 1788; took apprentices. Greenfield Street, Whitechapel (1788); No. 1 Prince's Street, Ratcliffe Highway (1795); Thomas Street, Whitechapel (1802); all in London. J. Brown 1.
KING, JOHN 3 England, c.1822, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Microscope, compound = Soth. 7/23/73; Theodolite = Christie-SK 4/17/86; Surveying Level = Soth. 7/15/63 = P.C.; Marine Barometer = Soth.-S 9/18/86. optician; made barometers; father of John King 4; see J. King and Son; sometimes signed "J. King"; barometer from Soth.-S is signed on paper scale. 2 Clare Street (1822); J. Stone Summer Hill Academy; both in Bristol. Bell 2; Bryden 9; Goodison 1; RSW.
KING, JOHN 4 England, c.1839, MIM OIM PHIM optician; barometer maker; son of John King 3; see J. King and Son. Clare Street, Bristol. Bell 2.
KING, JOHN 5 England, c.1830, MIM PHIM 13 Goswell Street, London. Taylor 2(1908).
KING, JOHN 6 England, c.1830, MIM PHIM 6 Cannon Street, St.George's End, London. Taylor 2(1909).
KING, JOHN 7 England, c.1830, MIM OIM PHIM 112 Leadenhall Street, London. Taylor 2(1910).
KING, JOHN 8 England, c.1700, apprenticed to Thomas Cooke 2 in the Joiners' Company. Crawforth 7.
KING, JOHN SUMNER England, c.1782, apprenticed to John Karmock of the Grocers' Company in 1782. London. J.Brown 1.
KING, MRS. THOMAS England, c.1677-79, OIM widow of Thomas King 1. London. Crawforth 7.
KING, PETER England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Southwark, London. Goodison 1.
KING, RICHARD England; USA, 1823-1905, MIM NIM see F.W. and R. King. London; New York, N.Y.; Baltimore, Md. Smart 1.
KING, ROBERT England; USA, c.1789-1868, MIM NIM T.C.; made or sold nautical compasses. 82 Duane (1812); 16 Elm Street (1814-15); 108 Orchard (1823-24); 19 Lombardy (1827-30); 19 Monroe (1831-32); 18 Monroe (1832-37); 219 Fourth (1837-38); 212 Front Street (1838-43); all in New York, N.Y.; New Orleans (1822-23). USNM; Smart 1; Moskowitz 101; D.J. Warner 10 and 12..
KING, SAMUEL USA, 1748-1819, MIM NIM son of Benjamin King 1; succeeded his father in 1786. at the Sign of the Mathematical Instruments, on Thames and Pelham Streets, Newport, R.I. Bedini 1 and 8; Brewington 1; Smart 1.
KING, STEPHEN 1793, NIM T.C. Price 2; RSW.
KING, THOMAS 1 England, fl.1669-76, MIM OIM sometimes spelt "Kinge"; apprenticed to Ralph Greatorex of the Clockmakers' Company on Jan.13, 1657; free in the Clockmakers' Company, April 15, 1669; in the Spectaclemakers' Company by 1669; probably OIM as two of his apprentices were Thomas Sterrop 1 and James Mann 1. Little Britain?, London. Court and von Rohr 3(21); Clay and Court; J. Brown 3; Crawforth 6; Robischon.
KING, THOMAS 2 USA, c.1815, MIM 21 Elm, New York, N.Y. USNM.
KING, WILLIAM Ireland, fl.1767-84, MIM NIM Hadley Quadrants = Whaling Museum, Nantucket, Mass.; P.C.(1784); D.(1771), (1997). Temple Bar, Dublin (1767-72). Morrison-Low and Burnett; Coffeen 58; RSW.
KINGE, THOMAS see Thomas King 1. Robischon.
KINNY, BALTASAR Scotland, see Balthazar Knie. Bryden 10.
KINSNATTER, GEORG Germany, 16th Century., MIM Astrolabe Clock = TIM. RSW.
KINZELBACH Germany, c.1850, MIM showed in the London Great Exhibition of 1851. Stuttgart, Württemburg. G.L'E. Turner 24.
KIPP EN ZONEN GILTRAY Holland, fl.1864-1929, MIM NIM OIM Telescope, binocular = AMST. A.P.Kipp and J.W. Giltray, 1864-1916; Giltray alone, 1917-29. Delft. Mörzer Bruyns 1 and 2.
KIPP, A.P. Holland, 1834-1916, MIM NIM OIM son of P.J. Kipp; member of the firm 1864-1916. Delft. Mörzer Bruyns 1 and 2.
KIPP, P.J., EN ZONEN Holland, fl.1864-1917, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Laboratory Apparatus = TEY; Naval Telescopes = TEY; Binocular Telescope = AMST; Pyrometers, clay = X; Sextants = AMST, Royal Dutch Meteorological Office. A.J. and W.A. Kipp are the sons. Delft. Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2; Rooseboom 1; G.L'E. Turner 7 and 24; USNM.
KIPP, P.J., EN ZOON Holland, c.1854-64, MIM NIM OIM PHIM P.J. Kipp and A.P. Kipp, his son. Delft. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
KIPP, PETRUS JOHANNES Holland, 1801-64, PHIM scientist; designed and made scientific apparatus including a carbon dioxide generator; there is an example at Cragside (1982); see P.J. Kipp en Zoon; see P.J. Kipp en Zonen; A.J. and W.A. Kipp were his sons. Oulde Delft. Rooseboom 1; USNM; G.L'E. Turner 24; Mörzer Bruyns 2; RSW.
KIPP, W.A. Holland, fl.1864-, MIM NIM OIM son of P.J. Kipp; partner in P.J. Kipp en Zoon with his brother, A.J. Kipp. Delft. G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
KIRBY, JAS. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Baillie has watchmaker by that name in St Neots, c.1795. St. Neots. Greppin 1; Baillie 1.
KIRBY, JOHN JOSHUA England, 1716-74, MIM Protractor with pivoted rule, silver = OXF; Sector, ivory and silver, 1765 = Soth. 3/10/87. invented this type of protractor; F.R.S.; "Designer in Perspective to His Majesty, George III"; surely same as Joshua Kirby; wrote on archetectonic sector. Ipswich. Taylor 2(373); A.J. Turner 10; RSW.
KIRBY, JOSHUA England, see John Joshua Kirby. Taylor 2(373).
KIRCH, HENRICUS Germany, 1749-81, PHIM Coin Balance = D.(1986). the balance is signed "Meister Henricus Kirch." Cologne. Wynter 1.
KIRCH, JOHANNES Germany, c.1750, PHIM Coin Balance = Soth. 10/3/88. Cologne. RSW.
KIRCHER, ATHANASIUS Germany; Italy, 1602-80, MIM Reckoning Machine = DRE (lost); Wall Sundials = Heiligenstadt (1624), Koblenz (1623). author; designed a new type of astrolabe (Gunther 187) and a pantometrium. Geyssen, Germany; Rome. Zinner 1; Gunther 1; Michel 2 and 3; Dewhirst; RSW.
KIRCHER, R.P. 1646, MIM may be Athanasius Kircher. Moreux.
KIRCHNER pre-1814, MIM Measuring Instrument = CNAM. Cons. Nat'l 1; Destombes 4.
KIRKE, FRANCIS England, 1723, NIM Backstaff, 1723 = Christie-SK 11/27/86. RSW.
KIRKPATRIC, D. England, fl.1812-26, devised an artificial horizon. 16 Cornwallis Street, Liverpool. Taylor 2(1374).
KIRKWOOD 1 Scotland, fl.1804-28, MIM Celestial Globe, 1810 = RSM. Edinburgh. Morrison-Low 1; A.D.C. Simpson; Grimaldi.
KIRKWOOD 2 England, c.1850, MIM Pairs of Globes = K. and C. 3/19/75, Phillips 5/20/75. RSW.
KIRKWOOD 3 England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Woller. Goodison 1; Baillie 1.
KIRTON, JOHN England, 1696, apprenticed to Daniel Quare 1 in the Spectaclemakers' Company in 1696. J. Brown 3.
KITCHEN, JAMES England, c.1840, MIM OIM 105 Fenchurch Street, London. O'Mara.
KITCHENMUN, T. England, c.1808, MIM designed a slide rule; sometimes spelled "Ketchenmun." Taylor 2(1171a); USNM.
KITCHINGMAN, JOHN England, c.1792, MIM free of the Turners' Company; took apprentices, including Anthony Oldiss Bancks (optician). London. Crawforth 7.
KITSON, GEORGE England, c.1700, NIM Compass = CLU; Crown Compass = PMM. Wapping Old Stairs, London. Taylor 1(351); RSW.
KJERSGAARD, S., AND CO. Denmark, 19th Century, NIM Marine Compass = USNM. Copenhagen. USNM.
KLAU MIM Sundial, ivory = Christie 4/18/1899. RSW.
KLEIN, JACOBUS Holland, c.1760, NIM Davis Quadrant = AMST. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 1; RSW.
KLEIN, JOSEPH see P. Johannes Klein. Czech. Inv.
KLEIN, P. JOHANNES Czechoslovakia, 1684-1762, MIM Astronomical Clocks = Prague Observatory (2), DRE (1738); Quadrant, large = PRA. Prague. Horsky and Skopova; Zinner 1; Grötzsch 2.
KLEINGER, F.P. Germany, MIM Diptych Sundial, wood and paper = LOS. may be J.P. Kleininger. RSW.
KLEINHEMMEL, MELCHIOR Germany, c.1550, MIM see M.K. 1. Annaberg. Pippa.
KLEININGER Germany, 18th Century, MIM Terrestrial Globe = RJK. Berlin. RSW.
KLEININGER, F. Germany, 18th Century, MIM Pocket Sundial = Historical Society of the Tarrytowns, N.Y. probably a misreading of J.P. Kleininger. USNM.
KLEININGER, F.P. Diptych Sundial, wood and paper = LOS. probably a misreading for J.P. Kleininger. RSW.
KLEININGER, I.C. see J.G. Kleininger
KLEININGER, I.G. see J.G. Kleininger.
KLEININGER, J. Germany, c.1790, MIM Diptych Sundials, wood = Hayden Planetarium, Boston, Mass., Soth. 2/7/72, P.C. USNM; Heger; RSW.
KLEININGER, J.G. Germany, c.1775, MIM Diptych Sundials, wood and paper = EMA, SLM, NOR, ZIT, NYM, TRA, LIE, DRE, OXF, ADL-W71, ADL-W202, etc.; Cube Sundials, wood and paper = NMM, WHI, MUN, LAW, ROM, etc. these dials were mass-produced with printed paper scales glued to wood; they may be found in most museums. Zinner 1; Bryden 16; Michel 3 & 9; Grötzsch 2; NMM 2; ADL; RSW.
KLEININGER, J.P. Germany, c.1775, MIM Diptych Sundials, wood and paper = AMST, KRM, NYM, WRAY, OXF, Schrobenhausen Stadtmuseum, Deventer Museum, etc. very likely to be the same as J.G. Kleininger. Zinner 1; Evans 1; Baillie 1; Mörzer Bruyns 1; RSW.
KLEIST, EWALD GEORG VON Germany, fl.1700-48, made an independent invention of the Leyden Jar at the same time as, or earlier than, Pieter von Musschenbroek. G.L'E. Turner 24; A.J. Turner 10.
KLEMAN, A. Holland, pre-1815, MIM NIM compass maker. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1.
KLEMAN, H. Holland, pre-1838, OIM Solar Microscope = X. son of J.M. Kleman? Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1.
KLEMAN, J.M., EN ZOON Holland, fl.1793-1857 = wxy, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM made a wide range of instruments including sextants, octants, quintants, circumferentors, telescopes thermometers, etc.; examples can be seen at AMST, LEY, STK, Frisian Marine Museum, RIJ, Clock Museum, Utrecht, etc. Jan Marten Kleman; instrument makers to the King; the signature often appears as "J.M. Kleman & Zoon, Kon. Inst- Makers, Amst." Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; USNM; RSW.
KLEMAN, JAN MARTEN Holland, 1758-1845, MIM NIM OIM SIM Microscope = Crisp Coll.; Solar Microscope,1798 = LEY; Octants = LEY, AMST; Quadrants = DRE, Osler; Surveyor's Compass = P.C.; Meridian Telescope = LEY; Sextants = STK, Koninklijk College Zeemanshoop, Amsterdam; Quintant = AMST. fl.1781-1830; "Royal Instrument Maker and Supplier for Sea Service to King Louis Napoleon in 1808; in 1814 he received a similar title from King William 1; retired in 1830. Amsterdam. Crommelin 1; Van der Star 1; Rooseboom 1; Mörzer Bruyns 1 and 5; Zinner 1; Daumas 1; Michel 3; Pipping 1; USNM; Gunther 2; RSW.
KLEMM, J.M., EN ZOON misreading of J.M. Kleman en Zoon. Amsterdam. USNM; RSW.
KLEY, JACOB Holland, 1716-91, MIM NIM PHIM Octants = LEY (1754), ROT, Visserijmuseum, Vlaardinger, Leiden Observatory; Astrolabe = Auction, 1798; Demonstration Models = TEY, UTR; Backstaff = AMST; Pleinschaal = AMST; Inclined Plane = X; Hadley Quadrant = Marine Museum, Horten. a pleinschaal is a form of Gunter rule. Rotterdam. Rooseboom 1; Mörzer Bruyns 1, 2 and 4.; G.L'E. Turner 7; Daumas 1; Bryden 9; RSW.
KLEYSER AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X (2). Goswell Street, London. Goodison 1.
KLIBER, U. see Ulrich Klieber 2. Bobinger 2; Price 2.
KLIEBER 1 Germany, see Ulrich Klieber 1, 2 and 3. RSW.
KLIEBER 2 Austria, 1606, MIM Double Horizontal Sundial, 1606 = SPI-2803. Vienna. Nachet; RSW.
KLIEBER, TOBIAS Germany, 1545-1618, MIM Sundial, round, 1581 = BUD; Astronomical Compendium, 1595 = BM; Sundial = OXF; Celestial Globe, 1576 = lost; Etui for Mathematical Instruments, 1591 = AUG. sundial is signed "T.K." 1; Evans thought he was from Gastein; son of Ulrich Klieber 2 and brother of Ulrich Klieber 3; see "T.K." 2 also. Augsburg. Zinner 1; Bobinger 2; Price 3; Ward 4; Evans 1; Gunther 2; Michel 1 and 3; Baillie 1; Nachet.
KLIEBER, UDALRICUS see Ulrich Klieber 3. Bobinger 2.
KLIEBER, ULRICH 1 Germany, c.1487-1530, MIM sundial maker. Augsburg. Bobinger 2.
KLIEBER, ULRICH 2 Germany, c.1511-62, MIM Powder Horn with Compass and Moon Dial, 1533 = X; Sundials, 1541 = Pfalzgrafen, Otto Heinrich's schloss at Neuberg. the instruments are mentioned in the state archives. Augsburg. Bobinger 2.
KLIEBER, ULRICH 3 Germany, 1529-1606, MIM made wide range of mathematical instruments including astronomical compendia, sundials, artillery levels, etc., ranging in date from 1554-1606; examples can be seen at KES, OXF, MUN, AUG, VIE, ADL, WHI, BEK, BUD, etc. son of Ulrich Klieber 2; sometimes signed "Udalricus Klieber" or "V.K." 1. Augsburg. Bobinger 2; Zinner 1; Engelmann 1; Evans 1; Maddison 1; Michel 1 and 3; Bryden 16; Nachet; Price 2; ADL; RSW.
KLIEBER, V. Germany, see Ulrich Klieber 1 and 2. Bobinger 2; Price 2.
KLING, E. Austria, c.1845, PHIM Vacuum Pump = KRA. Vienna. RSW.
KLINGENSTIERNA, SAMUEL Switzerland, c.1762, mathematician; his work led to the discovery of the achromatic lens. Nachet.
KLINGER UND BAUER Germany, 1790, MIM Celestial Globe, 1790 = DRE. Johann Georg Klinger and Joh. Bernhard Bauer. Nürnberg. Grötzsch 1 and 2; RSW.
KLINGER, C. ABEL Germany, c.1820, MIM Terrestrial Globes, miniature = ADL-W59, Essex Institute, Salem, Mass. / Chicago Historical Society (2); Terrestrial Globes = DRE, MAN, Soth. 4/24/72, D.(1976). D.(1976) globe is printed in Dutch. Nürnberg. Grötzsch 2; Garcia Franco 1; ADL; RSW.
KLINGER, J.S. England, c.1830, MIM Terrestrial Globe = Jewish Museum, New York, N.Y. made miniature globes; misreading for Johann Georg Klinger? Yonge.
KLINGER, JOHANN GEORG Germany, 1764-1806, MIM Terrestrial Globes, miniature = Royal Library, Stockholm, Christie-SK 4/17/86, DRE (2) (1792), NMM (2), Grimma, Halle, Köthen, Phillips 2/2/84; Celestial Globes = DEU (1790), LOS (1796), BAU, etc; Terrestrial Globe, 5.5", 1790 = Sotheby's 5/11/94. "Chalcogr."; see Klinger and Bauer; Grimma, Halle and Köthen are heimatmuseums; made terrestrial globe, 1790, for Andreas Steib's 1804 astronomical clock in MUN. Nürnberg. Grötzsch 1 and 2; NMM 2; Freiss; RSW.
KLINGERT SOHN Germany, 1828, MIM SIM Transit, small, 1828 = KRA. Breslau. RSW.
KLOCKSPARGER, JOHANN Czechoslovakia, c.1770, MIM Scale for converting measures, circular = PRA. Prague. Baillie 1.
KLOCKSPERGER, T. Czechoslovakia, c.1690, MIM Horizontal Sundial, silver and brass = NYM; Sundial = P. & S. 4/3/1894. Prague. Zinner 6; Evans 1; RSW.
KLONNE, J., AND MULLER, G. Holland, c.1850, OIM Microscope = LEY. J. Klönne and G. Müller. van der Star 1.
KLOOS, F.J. Holland, 19th Century, NIM Octant, ebony and ivory = Museum Schevingen. T.C. "Leeuhaven Wz. No.163, Manufacturer of Nautical Instruments, Coppersmith, Lamp maker." Rotterdam. RSW.
KLOOS, F.J., EN ZOON Holland, 19th Century, NIM Marine Compasses = Museum, Schevingen (2). Rotterdam. RSW.
KLOPPENBURG, GERHARD Germany, fl.1713-16, MIM invented and engraved double equatorial sundials made by Gerhard Kremer. Zinner 1; Evans 1; Wynter and Turner; Michel 3; Cousins; RSW.
KNABE Germany, 18th Century, MIM Table Sundial = DAR. Darmstadt. Zinner 6.
KNABE, C.E. Germany, MIM Perpetual Calendar = BM (lost). Grünsstadt. Price 3; RSW.
KNACHERGAARD, N.P. Denmark, post-1827, MIM PHIM Stick Barometer = Den Gamle By, Aarhus. meteorologist and clockmaker. Aalborg. RSW.
KNAUSTINUS, HEINRICH Germany, 1578, MIM Astrolabe, 1578 = MUN (ICA-3027). maker or owner? Zinner 1; ICA 2.
KNEBEL, F. Holland, fl.1816-27, MIM Astronomical Clocks = LEY (1816), Klokkenmuseum, Zaanse Schans, Utrecht Observatory (2). made chronometers. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
KNIBB, JOHN England, c.1673, MIM Astronmical Clock = X. brother of Joseph Knibb and cousin of Samuel Knibb; apprenticed to William Sutton in the Joiners' Company on Nov. 4, 1664; free of the Company, 1673, in Oxford; took apprentices in Oxford. Oxford. Crawforth 7.
KNIBB, JOSEPH England, fl.1670-89, MIM brother of John Knibb and cousin of Samuel Knibb; admitted to the Clockmakers' Company by Redemption in 1670; served as assistant in the Company in 1689. London. Robischon.
KNIBB, SAMUEL England, fl.1663-74, MIM see Sutton and Knibb, who in 1664 cooperated to make Morland's trigonometrical machines, now at KEN and FLO; he finished the FLO machine in 1666 after Sutton's death. Threadneedle Street, London. Taylor 1(297); Bonelli 1; Michel 3; G.L'E. Turner 24; Clay and Court; A.J. Turner 10.
KNIE, BALTHAZAR Germany; Scotland, fl.1743-1817, PHIM Angle Barometers = X, Soth. 7/19/88 (1787), Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, City of Gloucester Museum, P.C., RSM, KEN, etc; Stick Barometers = Hopetoun House, Edinburgh, Christie-SK 9/11/86, RSM, D.; Double Barometer, 1800 = RSM; Wheel Barometers = X, P.C.; Barometer, 1778 = Traquair House; used thermometers by Charles Moliner; signed "Mr. Knie" (1800), "Knie, Edin.", "Balthasar Knie", "Baltasar Kinny." second door above Mr. Scyth, facing Niddry's Wynd (1776); near Mr. Scyth (1776); opposite the Guard (1782-90); nearly opposite the Guard, High Street (1789); opposite Forrestets Wynd Well (1793-98); Head Seller's Close (1800-03); Lawnmarket (1805-10); 405 Lawnmarket (1811-14); Borthwick's Close (1815); all in Edinburgh. Goodison 1, 5; Bryden 3, 10; Morrison-Low 1; RSW; McConnell 1.
KNIGHT 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Braintree. Goodison 1.
KNIGHT 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. London. Goodison 1.
KNIGHT 3 England?, c.1775, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Sales Cat.(1975). possibly Charles Knight. Dunmow. RSW.
KNIGHT, CHARLES England, c.1800, PHIM barometer maker. Baillie 1.
KNIGHT, F.C., AND CO. USA, fl..1894-1923, MIM SIM Transits = X (2). Frank Campion Knight. Philadelphia, PA. Miller.
KNIGHT, FRANK CAMPION USA, 1856-1923, MIM SIM claimed to be the successor to Edmund Draper. 402 Locust, Philadelphia, Pa. (1894-95). Smart 1; Miller.
KNIGHT, GEORGE England, pre-1840, PHIM Chemical Retort = OXF; Balance = Christie 10/31/67. signed "Knight Foster Lane." Foster Lane, London. G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
KNIGHT, GEORGE, AND CO. England, fl.1850-58, MIM PHIM won a prize in the Great Exhibition of London in 1851. 2 Foster Lane, Cheapside, London. Chaldecott 3; RGO.
KNIGHT, GEORGE, AND SONS England, fl.1840-62, MIM PHIM Chemical Balance = OXF. T.C.; see R. and G. Knight; see George Knight. 2 Foster Lane, Cheapsides, London. G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW; Chaldecott 3; RGO.
KNIGHT, GOWIN England, 1713-72, MIM NIM Instrument = OXF; Compass Cards = Uring Sale 6/16/1773 (3). Dr. Gowin Knight; developed and improved a compass in 1745; patented it in 1766; F.R.S.; T.C.; author. Lincoln's Inn Fields, Crane Court, Fleet Street, London. Taylor 2(278); DNB; G.L'E. Turner 24; Calvert 2; Schück; RSW.
KNIGHT, JOHN England, fl.1812-35, PHIM made barometers, watches and clocks. Mill End, Thaxted. Bell 2.
KNIGHT, R. AND G. England, fl.1811-20, MIM PHIM SIM Inclinometer = STT. Richard and George Knight. No. 41 Foster Lane (1811); Foster Lane, Cheapsides (1816); both in London. Pipping 1; RSW.
KNIGHT, RICHARD England, see R. and G. Knight. RSW.
KNIGHT, T. England, PHIM made barometers. Stone. Bell 2.
KNIGHTS, JAMES England, 1739, MIM Hodometer, 1739 = KEN. Ipswich. RSW.
KNIP, GEREIT Holland, c.1750, MIM Planetarium with clockworks = DRE. Amsterdam. Zinner 1.
KNITTEL, GEORG FRANZ Czechoslovakia, fl.1683-90, MIM Universal Ring Sundials = PRA (1683), BEK (1685); Level, 1690 = DEU. Prague. Zinner 1; Evans 1; RSW.
KNITTEL, JOH. WILHELM Czechoslovakia, 1701, MIM Universal Ring Sundial, 1701 = ROM. Prague. Zinner 1; Bonelli 4; Bedini 12; RSW.
KNITTL, FRANZ ANTON Austria, 1671-1744, MIM PHIM SIM Mechanical Equatorial Sundials = BAM (1713), KRM (1713), Linz Stadt Sammlung (1713), NMM, KRM, LIN, KEN (2), etc.; Burning Glass, 1716 = Lambach Stift; Horizontal Sundials = LIN, NOR (2), NMM, CZJ, AMST, KEN, POR; Compasses, 1714 = X (2); Surveying Instruments, 1721 = Lambach Stift. father of Franz Jacob Knittl; Evans noted a ring sundial, 1685, at Kunst und Gewerbe Museum, Berlin. Kremsmünster; Linz. Zinner 1; Baillie 1; Evans 1; Michel 3; Mörzer Bruyns 1; NMM 2; Portaluppi; Wynter and Turner; Wynter 1; W. Eckhardt 3; RSW.
KNITTL, FRANZ JACOB Austria, 1729-70, MIM Table Sundials = NMM (1753), SLM (1754), Linz Museum Depot aus Hohenfurth (1751). son of Franz Anton Knittl; see also "F.J.K.S.J." Linz. Zinner 1; NMM 2.
KNITTL, JOH. WILHELM Czechoslovakia, 1701, MIM Sundial, 1701 = ROM. Prague. Bedini 12; RSW.
KNOTT, ROBERT England, 1683, MIM apprenticed to Clement Forster of the Clockmakers' Company on Jan. 29, 1683. J. Brown 3.
KNOWLES, JEFFREY England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
KNOX AND SHAIN 1 USA, fl.1855-76, MIM SIM Surveying Vernier Compass = P.C.; Transits = U. of North Dakota, D.(1983). Joseph Knox and Charles J. Shain; also made levels. 461/2 Walnut Street (1855); 716 Chestnut Street (1856-76); both in Philadelphia, Pa. Smart 1; Coffeen C; RSW.
KNOX AND SHAIN 2 USA, fl.1878-91, MIM Henry M. Knox and Charles J. Shain. 716 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. Smart 1.
KNOX, HENRY M. USA, fl.1878-91, MIM see Knox and Shain 2. 716 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. Smart 1.
KNOX, JOSEPH USA, 1805-77, MIM SIM see Knox and Shain 1; see Draper and Knox. 7 Plum Street (1829-37); 72 Dock Street (1851); both in Philadelphia, Pa. Smart 1.
KNYFF, LEONARD England, c.1730, apprenticed to Thomas Heath 1 in the Grocers' Company, 1730; his father may have been the topographer of the same name. J. Brown 1; Tooley 1.
KOCH Germany, OIM Microscope = NOR. Berlin. Fürst.
KOCH, BARTHOLOME Austria, 18th Century, MIM Inclinable Sundial = OXF; Augsburg-type Sundials = Drecker Coll. = P.C., Christie 4/3/85; Horizontal Sundials = Christie 4/18/1899, P.B. 1/22/54, P. & S. 5/20/1895, Koller 11/17/75. Vienna. Zinner 1; Maddison 5; RSW.
KOCH, F.L. Germany, fl.1749-63, MIM SIM Horizontal Sundial, with case = MUN; Level, 1749 = SWE; Level = STT; Laterna Magica = STT; Graphometer, 1763 = DOR. graphometer signed "Koch Berlin." Berlin. Pipping 1; RSW.
KOCH, H. Germany, 1751, MIM SIM Graphometer, 1751 = CZO. Berlin. RSW.
KOCH, HANS Germany, fl.1554-1603, MIM made sundials; see "H.K." 1 and 5. Zinner 1; Michel 3; Boursier; RSW.
KOCH, HANS HINRICH ?, c.1776, owner of Leverton Hadley quadrant. Apenrade. RSW.
KOCH, I.(T.) L. Germany, 1775, MIM Sector, 1755 = PRZ. see J.L. Koch. Berlin. RSW.
KOCH, J.L. Germany, 1742, MIM OIM Culpeper-type Microscope = NOR; Sectors = NOR, OXF (1742). related to Johann Koch 1 and K. Koch. Berlin. Pipping 1; Maddison; RSW.
KOCH, JOHANN 1 Austria; Germany; Swedenfl.1650-79, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1650 = P. & S. 3/8/1895; Horizontal Sundials, 1665 & 1672 = NOR; Horizontal Sundials = NOR, KEN; Diptych Sundial = NOR; Artillery Level = MADEX-369; Sundial = SKO. instrument and clock maker; J.K. Koch and K. Koch are descendants. Vienna; Berlin; Stockholm (1665-79). Zinner 1; Pipping 1; Baillie 1; MADEX; Sidenbladh; Maddison; RSW.
KOCH, JOHANN 2 Austria, 1755, MIM Sundial, 1755 = X; Universal Ring Dial = Kühnelt Coll., Innsbruck; Horizontal Sundial = VAA. Vienna. Zinner 6; Basserman-Jordan 2.
KOCH, K. Germany, 1763, MIM SIM Graphometer, 1763 = DOR; Table Sundials = MUN, WRAY-39. related to Johann Koch 1 and J.L. Koch. Berlin. Zinner 1; Price 2; Maddison; RSW.
KOCH, MARTIN Germany, c.1700, MIM Analemmatic Table Sundial = GRA. Zinner 1.
KOCH, RASMUS Denmark, fl.1765-72, NIM Crown Compass = AMST; Compass Cards = SFM (1765), X (1772). X also marked "R.K." Copenhagen. Mörzer Bruyns 1; Schück; RSW.
KOCHANSKI, ADAM ADAMANTY Poland, 1631-1700, MIM Triple Wall Sundial, 1680 = Palace, Wilanow. designed by Hevelius. Warsaw. Maddison 7.
KOCHLER Germany, MIM String-gnomon Sundial = Delft Sundial Exhibition (1984). signed on paper compass rose. Stuttgart. RSW.
KOCK, BARTHOL. see Bartholme Koch. Christie 4/18/1899.
KOCKS, JOHANNES H. Holland, 1761-1849, OIM PHIM made microscopes and philosophical instruments for van Musschenbroek. The Hague. Crommelin 1; Rooseboom 1; USNM.
KODANER see Kodauer. Hamilton 1.
KODAUER, JOSEPH Germany?, 18th Century, MIM Horizontal Sundial = P. and S. 3/8/1895; Equatorial Sundials = P. and S. 3/20/1896 and 5/19/1896, D.(1974), PRA, LAW, MERC, Soth. 4/22/65; Butterfield-type Sundial = OXF. MERC signed "Josephus Kodaner." Carlsbad. Zinner 1; Evans 1; Hamilton 1; RSW.
KOEDIJK, ENGELB Holland, c.1817, MIM OIM PHIM Kalverstraat bij de Bagijnenhofsteeg, Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
KOENIG, KARL RUDOLPH Germany; France, 1832-1901, MIM PHIM Set of Helmholtz Resonators = TEY. physicist from Königsberg, studied under Helmholtz; moved to Paris in 1851; apprenticed to the violin maker Vuillaume until 1858; made acoustical apparatus thereafter; won gold medal in 1862. Königsberg; Paris (1851). G.L'E. Turner 7 & 24; Poggendorff; USNM.
KOERNER Germany, c.1810, OIM Telescope = CZJ. Weimar. RSW.
KOGLER, IGNATIUS c.1744, MIM Equatorial Armillary Sphere = Peking Observatory. Ignatius Kögler. Michel 3; Needham?
KOGLER, JEREMIAS Poland, 1634-88, MIM PHIM Compass, 1634 = KRM; Sectors = ADL-M87 (1688), KRA (1664), Neusing Coll. and Academy of Science, Gdansk (1668). Kögler; sometimes spelled "Kegeler." Danzig. Zinner 1; Engelmann 1; Michel 3; Polish Inv.; Daumas 1; ADL; RSW.
KOHL, MAX Germany, c.1880, MIM Electrostatic Machines = D.(1971), A.-P. 3/15/76. "Mechaniker." Chemnitz. Moskowitz 103.
KOHLER, A. Sweden, c.1850, MIM SIM A. Köhler; made surveyor's planimeters; probably a clockmaker. Visby. Pipping 1.
KOHLER, CHRISTOPH Germany, fl.1663-80, MIM SIM Graphometers = KEN (1663), DRE; Table Sundial, 1677 = KEN; Diptych Sundials, round = MERC, DRE; Augsburg-type Sundial, 1680 = Merc-30; Artillery Levels = DRE (lost) (1699), MUN; Astronomical Compendium = P.C. (1969); Diptych Sundials = Markisches Museum (1766), Lempertz 6/14/76. Christoph Köhler; Augsburg-type has perpetual calendar on 1b and is signed "Dresten fecit Fluss Köhler"; DRE graphometer has 3" radius. Dresden. Zinner 1; Gunther 2; Price 2; Daumas 1; Hamilton 1 & 2; RSW.
KOHLER, FLUSS misreading for Christoph Köhler. Hamilton 1 & 2.
KOHN RussiaMIM Thermometer = D.(1970). both Fahrenheit and Réaumur scales. RSW.
KOLESCH AND CO. USA, MIM SIM Surveyor's Level = GUR. New York City. USNM.
KOLL, BERNHART Germany, 1569, MIM member of the compass maker guild; Master in 1569. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
KOLNEP, W. Germany, OIM Microscope = P.C. Berlin. Padgitt.
KOLOMET, MENDEL SCHAFFER MIM Watch Dial with Compass = P. & S. 2/28/1896. Kolomet may be a town. RSW.
KOLWEIN, M. Austria, 17th Century, MIM Table Sundial = KEN-1880/40. see Mathias Kulwein. Vienna. Zinner 1; Michel 3.
KONIG, D. Switzerland, MIM Meridian Sundial = ROM-7863. Berne. Bonelli 4.
KONIG, GOTTFRIED Germany, MIM Universal Horizontal Sundial = Koller 11/17/75. König. Hildburghausen. RSW.
KONST, R. Holland, c.1775, MIM Astrolabe = LEY. Rooseboom 1.
KOOGIES, JAN see Jan Koogje. Rooseboom 1; RSW.
KOOGJE, JAN Holland, c.1725, MIM Planetariums, miniature = LEY, Soth. 12/17/62 = P.C. (1969). clockmaker Wormerveer. Rooseboom 1; RSW.
KOOPS, B. Holland, c.1800, OIM Solar Microscope = LEY. Rooseboom 1.
KOPPELLAR Austria, PHIM Barometer = KRA. Vienna. RSW.
KOPSEN AND CO. Australia, NIM Marine Compass = American Art Galleries, Chicago 3/18/75. Sydney. RSW.
KORDENBUSCH, G.F. Germany, 1773, MIM Plotting Scale, 1773 = OXF. "Math. P. Pa." Nürnberg. Evans 1; RSW.
KORISTKA, F. Italy, c.1850, OIM Microscope = DRE. Milan. Grötzsch 2; RSW.
KORN, HARTMAN Germany, 1664, MIM Sundial, circular, with calendar, 1664 = OXF. associated with John Korne? Zinner 1; Taylor 1(521); Dewhirst; Baillie 1; Evans 1; Michel 3.
KORNE, JOHN England, c.1700, OIM Telescope = NMM. associated with Hartman Korn? Taylor 1(521); Evans 1; NMM 2.
KORNER, FRIEDRICH Germany, c.1824, Körner; invented a barometer, thermometer, air pump, and balance; author; had Carl Zeiss as an apprentice, c.1830. Jena. Pipping 1; Middleton 1; Dawsons 205.
KOSBU, F. Germany, c.1850, NIM Octant = AMST; Compass = X. the last letter in Kosbu has a line over it. Hamburg. Schück 2; Mörzer Bruyns 1; RSW.
KOSTENBADER, GEORG Germany, c.1588, MIM Astrolabe Clock = Chateau de Gaesbeek, Belgium. see G.K.B. Zinner 1; Price 2; Michel 2.
KOSTER, ANTON Germany, 18th Century, MIM Augsburg-type Sundial = Lienz Heimatmuseum. Köster; crude work. Zinner 1.
KOSTKOWEGO Poland, invented a type of polyhedral sundial. RSW.
KRABBE, JOHANN Germany, 1553-1616, MIM NIM Astrolabes, brass = STO (1579) (ICA-529), D.(1972), Fort Caroline Nat'l Memorial, Fla. (1582) (ICA-581) (NMM-3); Astrolabes, paper = OXF (1583) (ICA-276), LUN (1583) (ICA-612); Nocturnal, 1583 = ROM; Diptych Sundial, 1583 = ZUR; Regiomontanus Sundial, 1584 = NMM-D.228; Mathematical Instrument (1586); Globe (1583). author; he wrote that his planispheric astrolabes were intended for mariners; the Fort Caroline astrolabe is considered a mariner's astrolabe; NMM is the National Maritime Museum Registry of Mariner's Astrolabes; geometer to Henricus Julius, Bishop of Halberstadt, Duke of Brunswick and Luneburg. Minden; Wolfenbüttel. Zinner 1; Michel 1, 2 and 3; Gunther 1 and 2; Price 1; ICA 2; Waters 1; NMM 2; MADEX; Stimson 3; RSW; Debeauvais 1.
KRAFFT, FRIEDRICH Germany, c.1500, MIM made an astrolabe. Nürnberg. Lunardi.
KRAFT, C.E. Austria, c.1790, MIM NIM Protractors = DRE, PRZ; Sextant, miniature = WHI-817. Vienna. Grötzsch 2; Dewhirst; RSW; J.A. Bennett 2.
KRAFT, E., UND SOHN Austria, MIM SIM Rule = TRE; Compass = P.C. (1969); Mining Compass = P.C.(1987). Vienna. RSW.
KRANENBORG, LAMBERTUS DERKS Holland, fl.1773-74, MIM Sundials = Loppersum (1773), Hoogezand (1774). Loppersum; Hoogezand. Rooseboom 1.
KRANER, CHRISTOPH Austria, 1641, MIM SIM Plane Table Compass, 1641 = VIE. Innsbruck. Zinner 1.
KRAP Holland, c.1830, OIM Telescope = AMST. see Krap en van den Brink; see Arbon en Krap. Rotterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2; NAMUR.
KRAP EN VAN DEN BRINK Holland, c.1830, OIM Telescope = AMST. Rotterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2.
KRAPP, JOHANN Germany, c.1790, PHIM Barometers, recording = DEU (2). Mannheim. Middleton 1.
KRATZENSTEIN, BRUNO USA, c.1850 ?, MIM OIM SIM Surveyor's Compass, with telescope = P.C. Chicago, Ill. USNM.
KRATZER, NICHOLAS Germany; England; Belgium1486-1550, MIM Polyhedral Sundial = Corpus Christi College, Oxf.(pre-1624); Garden Sundials = Corpus Christi College, St. Mary's Church, Oxford. mathematical instrument maker to Henry VIII; there is a portrait of Kratzer by Hans Holbein. Munich; Oxford; Antwerp; London. Zinner 1; Taylor 1(1); Maddison 1; Gunther 2; Michel 3; DNB; Dewhirst; RSW.
KRAUS, JOHANN PAUL Germany, 17th Century, MIM Table Sundial = BM. signed "Johann Paul Kraus Fürstle : Max : Liechtenstein: Hoffmeister fecit"and marked "J.G. Gutwein sculpsit." Zinner 1; Price 3; Ward 4.
KRAUSLER, MATHIAS KARL Austria, 1691, MIM Polyhedral Sundial, 1691 = Vorau Stift. Pöllau in Steirmark. Zinner 1.
KRAUSS, JOHANN THOMAS Germany, 1751, MIM Protractor, glass, 1751 = AUG. RSW.
KRAUWINCKEL, HANS Germany, 1580-1610, MIM Nürnberg Counter = USNM. Nürnberg. USNM.
KREBS see Nicholaus de Cusa. Nachet.
KREICH, JOACHIM Germany, 1598-99, MIM SIM Surveying Instrument, 1599 = DEU; Alidade with compass, 1598 = PRA; Triangulation Instrument, 1599 = NUR. Weimar. Zinner 1; Evans 1; Czech. Inv.; RSW.
KREITTMAYER, GEORG Germany, 1660, MIM Armillary Sphere, 1660 = X. Munich. Zinner 1.
KREMBER Holland, MIM Augsburg-type Sundial = P. and S. 6/18/1894. also signed "gentifori"; probably Philip Kremser which see. RSW.
KREMER, GERHARD Germany, fl.1713-16, MIM Double Equatorial Sundials = Bourgeois Sale, Cologne, 1902 = TIM, Christie 4/9/75 (1714), LEI. made sundials invented and engraved by Gerhard Kloppenburg which see. Zinner 1; Evans 1; Michel 3; Cousins; Wynter and Turner; RSW.
KREMSER, PHILIP Holland, 1781, MIM Table Sundial, string-gnomon = MUN; Table Sundial, 1781 = GRA. for 46°30' latitude. Cenifori (Genifori?). Zinner 1 and 6; Price 2; Evans 1; RSW.
KRES, ALBAN Germany, MIM Rule, folding, with hinged bars at ends = ULM. Ulm. RSW.
KRIECKEL, G.F. MIM Artillery Rule = STU; Rule = THO. RSW.
KRIEGSEISEN, MATHIAS 17th Century, PHIM made demonstration instruments. Nachet.
KRIGNER, SALOMON Poland; Germany, c.1694, MIM SIM Augsburg-type Sundials with cams = DRE, SWE, ROS = FIN, P.C., OXF, KRA, PRZ, THO; Equatorial Sundials = NYC, STT, CZJ, EMA, Drecker Coll.; Graphometer, 1694 = DRE. most Augsburg-types are oval. Warsaw; Marienbad. Zinner 1; Grötzsch 2; Pipping 1; Michel 3; Pryzpkowski 1; DES; Körber 1; Syndram; RSW.
KRITTL, JOHANN WILHELM Czechoslovakia, misreading for Knittel. Bonelli 4.
KRUGNER, AL. CR. Germany, MIM Equatorial Sundial, with cam = P. & S. 3/8/1895 = Drecker Coll.? is this a horrible rendering of Salomon Krigner? Marienberg. RSW.
KRUINCS misreading for Kruines. P. & S. 2/9/1897.
KRUINES France, fl.1800-22, MIM OIM Cannon Sundials = P. & S. 5/19/1896 and 2/9/1897; Telescope = Gersaint, Nantes 10/28/88. "Opticien"; Gersaint also marked "Quai de l'Horloge." au Télescope, Enclos Saint-Denis de la Chartre; 41 Quai de l'Horloge; 61 bis, Quai de l'Horloge (1807); all in Paris. Nachet; Dewhirst; RSW.
KRUINES, VEUVE France, c.1822, MIM OIM carried on her husband's shop; maker (?). Paris. Nachet.
KRUINES-RAMBAUD France, MIM Instrument = Musée Lombard, Geneva. 21 Quai de l'Horloge, Paris. RSW.
KRULT, E., UND SOHN Austria, MIM Compass = Technical Museum, Warsaw. Vienna. RSW.
KRUSE, ABRAHAM Germany, c.1796, PHIM Coin Balances = HAK, DRE, D.(1982). the balances in Dresden and with the dealer are marked "Schwelm in der graffshaft Mark 1796." Schynelium, Westfalia. USNM; Coffeen III; RSW.
KRUSE, J. MELCHIOR Germany, 18th Century, PHIM Gold Balance = Libert et Castor 4/28/82; Coin Balances = Christie 4/3/85, Koller 11/17/75. the gold balances are marked "Goldwafenmacher und Eichmeister." Elberfeld. RSW.
KUBEL, EDWARD Germany; USA, 1820-96, MIM PHIM SIM Theodolites = USNM, D.(1987); Siderostat = USNM; Gravity Pendulum = USNM; Dividing Engine = Alpha Instrument Co., Washington, D.C. Kübel; worked primarily for the U.S. Government. Bayreuth, Bavaria (pre-1849); Washington, D.C. Smart 1; USNM; Coffeen 15..
KUBISCH MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory = MLL. RSW.
KUBITSCHEK Austria, c.1800, PHIM Hygrometer = DRE. Vienna. Grötzsch 2; RSW.
KUEBLER AND SEELHORST USA, c.1850?, MIM SIM Surveying Transit = GUR. Philadelphia, Pa. Smart 1; USNM.
KUGSBERG, AUGUST NIM Crown Compass = STK. the first letter in Kugsberg may be different. RSW.
KUHLMANN, G. CH. Germany, MIM Alidade = D.(1971). Kühlmann. Colmar. RSW.
KUHLMANN, IN. BIN. MIM Protractor = D.(1972). Roux Devilas 73.
KUHNEL, PAUL USA, c.1850?, MIM Pair of Globes = X. New York, N.Y. USNM.
KUILE, COENRAAD TER Holland, 1781-1852, MIM made a tellurium and a lunarium. Enschede. Rooseboom 1.
KULICK, MATHIAS England, c.1782, apprenticed to Thomas Garrard 1 in the Grocers' Company, 1782. J. Brown 1.
KULIVIN Russia, 1772, invented electrical machine, 1772; Academy of Science. RSW.
KULL AND DOWNING England, PHIM Marine Barometer = OMM. "London." London. RSW.
KULLBERG, VICTOR England, 1824-90, NIM made self-registering marine compasses, or course indicators; made chronometers and watches. 105 Liverpool Road; 12 Cloudesley Terrace; both in London. USNM; G.L'E. Turner 24; J.A. Bennett 2.
KULLSTROM, J.J. Sweden, fl.1830-60, PHIM Stick Barometer = NOR. Kullström. Stora Glasbruksgaten 8, Stockholm. RSW.
KULWEIN, MATHIAS Germany, MIM Ring Sundial = MUN. see M. Kolwein. Zinner 1.
KUMMER, K.W. Germany, 1836, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1836 = DRE. Berlin. Grötzch 1 & 2; Drechsler 2; RSW.
KUNIG, ARNOLD France, fl.1481-1500, MIM thought to have made an astrolabe, 1481, now in the Musée de Rohan, Strasbourg. Strasbourg. Zinner 1.
KUNINGNANT, M. France?, c.1660, MIM SIM Circumferentor = ADL-M155. marked "Ingénieur." Engelmann 1; Michel 3; ADL; RSW.
KUNN, ANTON Austria, c.1810, PHIM Balance = ADL-M405. Anton Künn. Vienna. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
KURFURST VON SACHSEN, AUGUST J. Germany, see August J. Kurfürst von Sachsen. Zinner 1.
KURZ, CHRISTIAN ADAM, UND SOHN FRANZ Germany, 1700, MIM Inclinable Sundial, 1700 = P. & S. 11/21/1894. Reutlingen. RSW.
KUTSCH France, c.1792, MIM PHIM Rules = CNAM; Balance = CNAM; Triangular Rule, wood = Berzelius Museum (SWE). made comparators. Cons. Nat'l 1; Destombes 4; Daumas 1; RSW.
KUTZ AND ADAMS USA, fl.1834-36, MIM rule makers; surely Erasmus A. Kutz 1. 300 Broadway, New York, N.Y. (1834-36). USNM; RSW.
KUTZ, ERASMUS A. 1 England; USA, 1778-1856, MIM NIM SIM Surveyor's Compasses = GUR/ Onandaga Hist. Soc., Syracuse, N.Y./ Crestline Hist. Soc.,Ohio, Conn. Hist. Soc., Hartford, Western Reserve Hist. Soc., Cleveland, Ohio; Compass = Cornell University, N.Y.; Sextant = Portsmouth Naval Shipyard Museum, Inc., Va.; Shoe Measure = USNM; Yardstick = USNM; Octants = P.C. (2). Kutz was primarily a rule maker; T.C.; George Bracher in England made telescopes for Kutz. 343 Water Street (1818-19); 248 Water Street (1821); 151 Water Street (1822); 172 Water Street (1824-27); 164 Water Sreet (1828-35); 180 Water Street (1835-36 & 1842-43); all in New York, N.Y. Smart 1; Bedini 8; O'Mara; Brewington 1; Taylor 2(1496); D.J. Warner 10; USNM; RSW.
KUTZ, ERASMUS A. 2 USA, 1822-68, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = D.(1973). signed "E.A. Kutz (son)"; rule maker. 2 Stanton (1839-40); 117 Madison (1850-51); 91 Monroe Street (1856); all in New York, N.Y. Smart 1; Moskowitz 106.
KUTZ, FREDERICK USA, fl.1827-30, MIM rule maker. 55 Orange (1827-28); 395 Broome (1829); both in New York, N.Y. USNM.
KUTZ, THOMAS USA, fl.1829-30, MIM rule maker. 107 Mott (1829); Mott at N. Walker (1830); both in New York, N.Y. USNM.
KUTZ, THOMAS E. USA, fl.1823-27, MIM 86 Reed (1823); Nassau, corner of John (1824); 51 Roosevelt (1825); 61 Vesey (1826-27); all in New York, N.Y. USNM.
KUYPER, GERHARD Holland, c.1775, PHIM made a new type of electrical machine with Van Marum. Groningen. Rooseboom 1.
KWIDZYNIA, MIKOLAJ WODKA Poland, 1442-94, MIM Sundial = Cathedral, Wloclawek. professor of astronomy at the University of Bologna. Polish Inventory.
KYFFIN, EDWARD England, c.1682, MIM apprenticed by turnover on Nov. 30, 1682 to John Brown 1 of the Clockmakers' Company. J. Brown 3.
KYN, JAMES England, fl.1593-1727, MIM Sundial, ivory, 1593 = X Coll.; Sundial = RSM. the dial in the X Coll. is for 52° and marked "Made for T.B." (1); the dial in the RSM is signed "Kynius." Dewhirst; Clay and Court; RSW.
KYNAST, J.F. Germany, c.1700, MIM Horizontal Sundial = Drecker Coll. = P.C.(1969). also marked "I.F.F." Zinner 1; RSW.
KYNFIN, JAMES England, fl.1569-1610, MIM Astrolabe, 1597 = FLO; Astronomical Compendium, 1593 = BM; Geometrical Compass, 1595 = FLO-2516; Graduated Circle, 1595 = FLO-435; Theodolite base, 1597 = FLO-3174. also signed as "James Kenvyn", "Jacobus Kynvin"; made instruments for Sir Robert Dudley; made Blagrave's "Mathematical Jewel" and "Familiar Staff." near Powles (St. Paul's Cathedral), London. Taylor 1(73); G.L'E. Turner 26; Gatty; Gunther 4; Dewhirst; Bonelli 2; Price 1 & 3; Ward 4; ICA 2; Evans 1; RSW.
KYNIUS see James Kyn. Dewhirst.
KYNVIN see Kynfin.
KYNVYN see Kynfin.
KYNWIN see Kynfin.
KYRRHESTES, ANDRONIKOS Macedonia, c.75 B.C., MIM Sundial = Tenos; Tower of the Winds = Athens. Gibbs 1; Price 13.

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