Webster Signature Database Search Results

Important note: Most of these instruments are not in the Adler collection (which you can find more information about here). We know nothing about them beyond the information returned by searching this database. You may be able to learn more by contacting the institutions in the "Instruments" column, or by consulting the "References" listed.

Your search for signatures starting with F yielded 680 entries. Displaying entries 1–680.
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Signature Maker Info Instruments Comments Location References
F. 1 may be "fecit".
F. 2 England, c.1790, NIM Hadley's Quadrants = PEA(2). F with a fouled anchor; Fage? Brewington 1.
F. ICW. 1613, MIM Regiomontanus-type Sundial on lid of box, 1613 = GHS. Archinard 1; RSW.
F.A. 1 Germany, 1728, MIM Table Sundial, 1728 = KLA-4464. Zinner 1.
F.A. 2 1765, MIM Zappeck-type Sundial, 1765 = LJU. for 46°. RSW.
F.A. 3 1766, MIM Altitude Sundial, 1766 = FIN-113. with a combined nocturnal and sundial. RSW.
F.A. 4 Denmark?, 1770, MIM Sundial, stone, 1770 = Den Gamle By, Aarhus. RSW.
F.A. 5 MIM Garden Sundial, marble = TIM. square. RSW.
F.A.B. see F.A.R. Bryden 16; RSW.
F.A.J.C.P.S.R.C. 1715, MIM Sundial, stone, 1715 = P. and S. 2/9/1897. RSW.
F.A.R. Germany, fl.1768-74, MIM Vertical Sundial, pin-gnomon, small, 1768 = GRA; Zappeck-type Sundial, 1774 = Koller 11/17/75. Zinner 1; Bryden 16; RSW.
F.AE.G. Austria?, MIM Ring Sundial = KRM. Rabenalt.
F.B. c.1900, Capuchin Sundial = ADL-T20. probably made by D.B. Sheahan. Tomlinson 1; ADL; RSW.
F.B.F. Germany, 1752, MIM Azimuth Sundial, 1752 = Landsberg a. Lech Heimatmuseum. "F.B. Fecit"? Zinner 1.
F.B.G. MIM Full Protractor = P.C. (1982). owner? two odd scales. RSW.
F.B.P. Germany, fl.1743-55, MIM Analemmatic Sundial, 1743 = CLU; Table Sundials, stone = TRA (1753), ADL-M279 (1755), Soth. 12/19/66. Michel thought he might be Franz Bovius Presbyter. Zinner 1; Engelmann 1; Michel 3; ADL; RSW.
F.C. 1701, MIM Table Sundial, 1701 = Phillips 2/3/68. "F.C. fecit, 1701". RSW.
F.C.R. Germany, OIM Nürnberg-type Microscope = NAC. Daumas 1.
F.D.I. Germany, 1774, MIM Universal Ring Sundial, 1774 = Huelsmann Coll. Syndram.
F.E.D. 1542, MIM Astrolabe, May, 1542 = P.C. Brieux 2.
F.E.D.P.F. Italy, 1568, MIM Instrumentum Primi Mobilis, 1568 = FLO. "Frater Egnatius Dantes Praedictatorum Faciebat." Bonelli 1; Michel 3; Italian Inv.
F.F.B. 1705, MIM Ring Sundial, 1705 = BUD. Zinner 1.
F.F.C.D.F. 1697, MIM Pillar Sundial, 1697 = Mercator Museum. Michel 3; RSW.
F.F.F. 1 1629, MIM Artillery Level, silvered brass, 1629 = OXF. Evans 1; Gunther 2 and 6; RSW.
F.F.F. 2 1774, MIM Astronomical Compendium, wood, bone, brass, 1774 = Koller 11/17/75 (Linton Coll.) = Libert et Castor 10/10/80. RSW.
F.G. 1 Holland, 1714, NIM Cross-staff, 1714 = AMST. might be owner. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
F.G. 2 England, c.1784, NIM Octant = NMM-S.127. may be F. Gabourg or F. Goater. Taylor 2(837); Clay and Court; NMM 2.
F.G.P. 1659, MIM Protractor, 1659 = Soth. 5/24/71. "Anno DNI 1659." RSW.
F.H. Germany?, c.1600, MIM Gunner's Scale = ADL-M122a. also marked "553" and "I W.W.B." with the first "W" over the recumbant "B"; see "I.W.W.B." Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
F.I. Germany, MIM Table Sundial, stone = Neuenberg-Schweiz, Museum. Zinner 1.
F.I.S. 1781, MIM Gauging Rod, 1781 = NYC. RSW.
F.I.V. Germany, 1698, MIM Table Sundial, stone, 1698 = FIN-115 = P.C. Zinner says 1766. Zinner 1; Weil.
F.J.F. 1775, MIM Horizontal Sundial, stone, 1775 = P. & S. 11/21/1894 = 2/28/1896. RSW.
F.J.K.S.J. Austria, 1729, MIM Table Clock, 1729 = Linz Stadt Gymnasium. Franz Jakob Knittl, Society of Jesus, which see. Linz. Zinner 1.
F.K. Germany?, 18th Century, MIM Ring Sundial = MADEX-211. RSW.
F.L. 1779, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1779 = SLM. RSW.
F.M. England?, c.1750, OIM Refracting Telescope, three-draw = D. Brophy.
F.M.B. Germany, 17th Century, MIM Dialing Instrument = ADL-M323. the copper instrument is in the form of an anchor and is misdescribed by Engelmann as an Instrumentum Primi Mobilis. Zinner 1; Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
F.N. 1 France, c.1820, MIM Rule, gold = P.C. RSW.
F.N. 2 England, 19th Century, MIM Diptych Sundials, wood = GEP; AMST; P.C.(3). All the dials include American cities in the latitude tables. Mörzer Bruyns 1; RSW.
F.P. 1657, MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory, 1657 = Soth. 7/29/69. RSW.
F.P.B. 1 1743, MIM Astrolabe, 1743 = CLU. Cluny.
F.P.B. 2 MIM Diptych, wood = LID-M186. Zinner 1.
F.P.G.P. Germany, 1787, MIM Equatorial Sundial, 1787 = PRA. the F. is placed above the initals P.G.P.; the whole signature is surrounded by three decorative lozenges; a Penther-type sundial. Horsky and Skopova.
F.P.O.M. Germany, 1676, MIM Ring Sundial, 1676 = HAK. Zinner 1; RSW.
F.R. 1 Spain, 1585, MIM Dividers, one-handed, 1585 = P.C./owner. signed "F.R." with an anchor in between; marked with four dots and a circle, arranged with the circle at the top with three dots underneath and a single dot,in the middle, at the bottom. A.J. Turner 10.
F.R. 2 Germany, 1683, MIM Vertical Sundial, 1683 = OXF. Zinner says 1863. Zinner 1; Evans 1.
F.S. 1 Germany, c.1580, MIM Surveyor's Cross, in the form of an astrolabe = ADL-M43. the dorsum has the form of an astrolabe but the face has two sighting tubes forming a surveyor's cross; misdescribed by Engelmann as an astrolabe. Zinner 1; Engelmann 1; Gunther 1; Michel 3; ADL; RSW.
F.S. 2 Germany, 1762, MIM Bow Calipers, iron, 1762 = ADL-M80. marked "Jesus Maria Joseph." Michel 3; Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
F.S. 3 MIM Level = A.M. Earle Coll. Earle.
F.S. 4 MIM Ring Sundial, expanded hour scale = DEU. RSW.
F.S.F. Germany?, 1757, MIM Sundial with Calendar, 1757 = X. Evans 1.
F.S.L. Germany, 1656, MIM Pillar Sundial, 1656 = MUN. Munich. Zinner 1.
F.S.P. 1 Germany, fl.1756-61, MIM Zappeck-type Sundials = ZAG (1756), BUD (1761), BASH, SPL, LJU. the 1756 dial is also marked "V.R." (3). Zinner 1; RSW.
F.S.P. 2 Germany, 1757, MIM Table Sundial, 1757 = OXF. chronogram; Frater Sebastian Prebyter? perhaps Sebastian Rutschmann. Zinner 1; Michel 3; Evans 1; Gunther 6.
F.S.P. 3 Germany, 1797, MIM Sundial, 1797 = X. Michel 3; Evans 1.
F.S.P.O.M.R. Germany, 1759, MIM Zappeck-type Sundial, silver, 1759 = LJU. for 46°10' latitude; the gnomon is geared and set by a pointer on a calendar scale. RSW.
F.T.A.B.C.R. France, 1846, MIM Wall Sundial, 1846 = farm at Clappey. Clappey. Berton.
F.T.D. Germany?, 1836, NIM Octant, 1836 = HAA. RSW.
F.V. 1 Germany, 1699, MIM Table Sundials, stone = PRA (1699), VIE, D., NUR; Calendar, stone = P.C. Zinner 1 and 4; Michel 3; Horsky and Skopova.
F.V. 2 MIM Dividers, iron = P.C. RSW.
F.V.V. 1698, MIM Sundial, stone, 1698 = P. and S. 3/8/1895. RSW.
F.V.V.F. 1550, MIM Azimuth Sundial, 1550 = KRM. Rabenalt.
F.W. H.Z.S. marked on 1599 artillery level with vertical sundial, by Paulus Reinman, Spitzer 2820 (61). RSW.
FABER, SAMUEL Germany, 1657-1726, MIM Celestial Globe, 1705 = VNL; Globes = TSUMM-30535, TSUMM-8984, etc.; Terrestrial Globe, 1705 = P.C. Zinner 1; Chenekal 3; Globus, Nov. 1954, June 1962.
FABRE ET KUNEMANN France, c.1860, PHIM Papin Digester = USNM. "Fabre et Kunemann Succrs de Pixii." Paris. Warner 13.
FABRE LAGRANGE France, c.1857, PHIM Olivier Geometric Models = Mathematical Cabinet at Harvard U., 1857. successor to Jean-Baptiste-François Pixii; see also Fabre et Kunemann. Paris. Warner 13.
FABRI, OTTAVIO Italy, c.1598, designed a surveying instrument, "squadra mobile"; author. Padua. RSW.
FABRICIUS, PAUL Austria, 1519-88, MIM Astrolabe, paper = X; Pillar Sundial = ZIT; Rete on Astronomical Clock = Museum, Olomuc, Czechoslovakia. Vienna. Zinner 1; Morpurgo 1; Czech. Inv.
FABRIQUE DE PARIS France, Sundials, tin = P. and S. 4/3/1894 and 2/28/1896. "made in Paris." RSW.
FABRIS, ANTONIO Italy, c.1800, MIM SIM Quadrant = Christie 2/8/66; Sundial = Specola di Padova. surveyor; mechanician; made the instruments necessary for his work. Bovolenta. Morpurgo 1.
FACCINI see Facini.
FACCIOLI, GIOVANNI FRANCESCO Italy, 1774, MIM Astronomical Clock, 1774 = X. Vicenza. Morpurgo 1.
FACE misreading for Fage. Soth. 2/4/77.
FACINI AND CORONELLI Italy, 1697, MIM Goniometer, 1697 = GEL. invented and made by Bernardus Facini and Vincentius Coronelli. Venice. Novokshanova-Soklovskaja.
FACINI, BERNARDUS Italy, 1665-1731, MIM SIM Plane Table Compasses = Michel (1704), Christie-NY 10/24/83 (1708), Koller 11/17/75 (1704); Perpetual Horometer, 1727 = MERC = Constantini Coll. = OXF; Circumferentor, 1704 = Michel; Set of miniature Surveying Instruments, 1710 = ADL-W82; Spiral Slide Rule, 1714 = ADL-A225; Astronomical Clock, 1725 = Vatican; Graphometer, 1694 = VNM; Alidade, 1698 = VEN; Quadrant, 1701 = UTO 9/29/75; etc. set of miniature instruments made for Frederick William I of Prussia before he succeeded his father; the two instruments reported by Michel may be one. Venice; Piacenza. Learner; Bonelli 4; Hamilton 1; Michel 1 and 3; Price 2; Italian Inv.; Nachet; Morpurgo 1; Britten; Société Belge; Bedini 10; Righini 2; G. e M.L. Righini; ADL; RSW.
FACIOLI, NICOLA Italy, c.1780, MIM Goniometer, Rule = Museo Torricelliano, Faenza. Milan; Rome. Italian Inv.
FACY, RICHARD England, c.1850, MIM Wapping Wall, London. G.L'E. Turner 24.
FAGE see Dring and Fage.
FAGE, EDWARD England, fl.1667-73, MIM either he or John Read 2 succeeded Anthony Thompson 1; one of nineteen instrument makers admitted to the Clockmakers' Company on Feb. 24, 1668. Sign of the Sugar Loaf, Hosier Lane, West Smithfield, London. Taylor 1(317); Dewhirst; Clay and Court; Gunther 2; J. Brown 1 & 3.
FAGE, M. England, c.1828, MIM PHIM 20 Tooley Street, London (1828). O'Mara.
FAGE, WILLIAM England, c.1838, MIM PHIM see Dring and Fage. 10 Great Dover Street, Borough, London; Coffeen reported a finding of "10 Gridover Street, Boro." Taylor 2(958),(2123); Coffeen 27.
FAGERIO, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. 4 Cross Street, Hatton Garden (London). Goodison 1.
FAGIOLI England, c.1835, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Soth. 5/12/72, 5/4/87. London. Goodison 1; RSW.
FAGIOLI AND SON England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. see D. Fagioli and Son. 3 Great Warner Street, Clerkenwell, London. Goodison 1.
FAGIOLI AND SONS England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-S 10/19 89. Great Warner Street, Clerkenwell (London). RSW.
FAGIOLI, A. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie 1/26/90. 68 Red Lion Street, Clerkenwell (London). RSW.
FAGIOLI, D., AND SON England, fl.1840-54, PHIM Wheel Barometers, = Soth.-S 9/18/86 and 10/19/89, Soth. 7/21/87, Larvik Marine Museum, Norway, USNM, X(7), Soth. 5/12/72, D.(1972), (1983), Bearnes 9/16/87; Barometer = Christie 2/5/70; Barometer with clock = Phillips 4/16/88. Dominic and J. (3) Fagioli. 3 Great Warner Street (1840-51); 10 Great Warner Street (1851-54); both in Clerkenwell, London. Goodison 1; Middleton 4; RSW; John Bell.
FAGIOLI, DOMINIC England, fl.1836-54, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(5), D.(1970). partner with his son J. Fagioli 3, 1840-54; X barometers are signed "D. Fagioli, Clerkenwell." 3 Great Warner Street (1836-51); 10 Great Warner Street (1851-54); both in Clerkenwell, London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(2124); RSW.
FAGIOLI, J. 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Christie-SK 5/15/96. could be J. Fagioli 2 or 3. London. Goodison 1; RSW.
FAGIOLI, J. 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. 5 Union Terrace, London. Goodison 1.
FAGIOLI, J. 3 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. probably son of Dominic Fagioli. 30 Great Warner Street, Clerkenwell, London. Goodison 1.
FAGLIABUE, A. misreading for A. Tagliabue. RSW.
FAHLMER France, c.1725, MIM OIM SIM Alidade = P.C.; Protractor = BAR; Double Protractor = BAR; Telescopic Alidades = WHI, P.C., D.; Dip Level = DeLuca 10/21/95. WHI telescopic level also marked "Dépot de la Diron. de la Rochelle." Strasbourg. Price 12; RSW; Brieux 2; G.L'E. Turner 24; J.A. Bennett 2.
FAHRENHEIT, DANIEL GABRIEL Poland; Holland, 1686-1736, OIM PHIM Mercury Thermometer = LEY; Alcohol Thermometer, 1727 = LEY. also made barometers, anemometers, etc.; invented a scale for thermometers; first to use mercury in thermometers, 1717; developed the solar microscope. Danzig; Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1; Crommelin; USNM; Daumas 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; A.J. Turner 10.
FAHRR, P. Germany, 1744, NIM Compass Rose, 1744 = X. P. Fährr. Schück 1.
FAIRBONE, CHARLES 1 England, fl.1765-1802, MIM OIM SIM apprenticed to Tycho Wing of the Grocers' Company in 1753; free of the Company, 1765; by 1780 he was a member of the Spectaclemakers' Company; took apprentices in both Companies. Princes Court, Westminster (1765); St. Martin's Lane (1766); New Street, Shoe Lane (1773-1802); all in London. J. Brown 1; Court and von Rohr 3(185).
FAIRBONE, CHARLES 2 England, fl.1786-1810, MIM OIM SIM Set of Surveying Instruments = WHI-204. apprenticed to his father, Charles Fairbone 1, in the Grocers' Company, 1781; free of the Company, 1802; took over his father's last two apprentices in 1802, and took others later. 20 Great New Street, Shoe Lane, Fetter Lane, London. Taylor 2(832); J. Brown 1 and 2; Dewhirst; Daumas 1; Clay and Court.
FAIRBONE, HENRY England, c.1794, apprenticed to his father, Charles Fairbone 1, in the Grocers' Company in 1794. J. Brown 1.
FAIRBONE, ISAAC England, c.1783, apprenticed to his uncle, Charles Fairbone 1, in the Grocers' Company, 1783. J. Brown 1.
FAIRBONE, JOHN England, c.1786, OIM son of Charles Fairbone 1; apprenticed to John Dollond 2 in the Spectaclemakers' Company; admitted as Brother to the Company in 1786. Court and von Rohr 3(220); Robischon.
FAIRBONE, TIMOTHY England, c.1789, apprenticed to his father, Charles Fairbone 1, in the Grocers' Company, 1789. J. Brown 1.
FAIRCLOTH, WILLIAM England, c.1748, MIM apprenticed to John Gilbert 1 in the Grocers' Company, 1740; free of the Company in 1748. J. Brown 1.
FAIREY, JOHN, AND SON England, c.1823, MIM OIM PHIM may be a misreading for Joseph Fairey and Son. 22 Ratcliff Highway, London. Taylor 2(964); RSW.
FAIREY, JOSEPH England, fl.1800-1829, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Quadrant = NMM; Octant = D.; Sextant = BMR. apprenticed to Samuel Browning 1 of the Grocers' Company on Sept. 1, 1796; free of the Company on Nov. 3, 1803; took apprentices after 1800. 15 Fair Street, Horseleydown (1803); 150 Tooley Street (1806-11); 20 Ratcliffe Highway (1811-29); 8 Northumberland Place, Commercial Road East; all in London. Taylor 2(964); J. Brown 1 and 2; Belgian Inv.; RSW.
FAIREY, JOSEPH, AND SON England, c.1845, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Marine Barometer = Soth. 7/21/83; Octant, ebony and brass = D.(1976). Joseph Fairey and his son, Richard Fairey. Commercial Road, London. Taylor 2(964a); RSW.
FAIREY, RICHARD England, c.1829, MIM apprenticed to his father, Joseph Fairey, in the Grocers' Company on March 5, 1829. J.Brown 2.
FAIREY, RICHARD AND JOSEPH England, fl.1790-1846, MIM NIM OIM PHIM 150 Tooley Street, Borough, London. Taylor 2(964).
FAIRFAX, WILLIAM England, c.1685, MIM apprenticed to John Warner 2 of the Clockmakers' Company on Jan. 2, 1685 for nine years. J. Brown 3.
FAIRMAN, GIDEON USA, 1774-1827, MIM partner in the firm of "Hooker and Fairman" in Newburyport, pre-1810; later moved to Philadelphia and became a partner in the firm of "Draper, Murray and Fairman." Newburyport, Mass.; Albany, N.Y.; Philadelphia, Pa. Bedini 1; Gillingham 3.
FALCIOLA, B., AND CO. England, fl.1839-43, PHIM barometer makers. 53 Edgbaston Street, Birmingham. Goodison 1.
FALCIOLA, I. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer with Thermometer = Soth. 12/15 83. Nottingham. RSW.
FALCK Falck = Falconus? Michel 3.
FALCO Italy, MIM Horary Quadrant with volvelle = BRP. for 45° Lat.; signed, "Opus Falco"; Bedini thinks it is a fake. Bedini 14; RSW.
FALCON, A. England, OIM Spyglass = D.(1968). RSW.
FALCONER, G. China, NIM Sextant = FRK-54. Hong Kong. Frank.
FALCONER, WILLIAM England, c.1750, NIM compass maker. London. Schück 1.
FALCONI 1 Italy, fl.1503-07, MIM Astrolabe, 1505 = Lasotovich Coll., Venice = P.C. (ICA-3032); Astrolabe, 1507 = P. and S. 4/3/1894 = BM (ICA 251); Quadrants = BM, USNM. goldsmith; quadrants for 45° are signed "Opus Falconi Bergomei Valensis"; BM one is lost. Bergamo; Venice. Price 1 and 3; Ward 4; Morpurgo 1; Gunther 1; Michel 3; ICA 2; Bedini 14; RSW.
FALCONI 2 Italy, 1586, MIM Nocturnal, 1586 = NMM-Caird. ex-Goldschmied Coll.; Bedini thinks it is a fake. Bedini 14; NMM.
FALE, G. England, 1796, NIM Octant, rosewood, 1796 = RSM. RSW.
FALE, THOMAS England, fl.1586-93, designed a sundial and a graphometer made by Thomas Osborn; author. Cambridge. Taylor 1(75) 2(76); Weil 2(25).
FALEIRO, RUY Spain, 1519, MIM made one wooden astrolabe and six wooden quadrants for Magellan. Waters 1.
FALES, JAMES 1 USA, fl.1820-30+, NIM T.C.; had "Little Navigator" as shop sign; also made clocks and watches; father of James Fales 2. 91 Water Street, Newport, R.I.; New Bedford, Mass. (by 1830). Bedini 8; RSW.
FALES, JAMES 2 USA, -1888, NIM figure of midshipman for shop sign, now in New Bedford Whaling Museum; son of James Fales 1. New Bedford, Mass. RSW.
FALES, MARTHA USA, NIM compass maker. Newburyport, Mass. American Neptune, 1968; Bull. Maritime Museum, British Columbia, 1968.
FALIGUM Austria, 1721, MIM Azimuth Sundial, 1721 = ADL-M266. Graz. Zinner 1; Engelmann 1; USNM; Michel 3; ADL; RSW.
FALLER see Kaltenback, Faller and Co. Bell 2.
FALLON, THOMAS England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Manchester. Goodison 1.
FALLOW, JOSEPH England, fl.1827-29, PHIM barometer maker. 127 Pilgrim Street, Newcastle-on-Tyne. Goodison 1.
FAMADIO PHIM Wheel Barometer = K. and C. 9/20/71. RSW.
FANNER see DeGrave, Short and Fanner.
FANZAGO, PIETRO Italy, 1583, MIM Astronomical Clock, 1583 = Palazzo, Clusone. Clusone. Morpurgo 1.
FARADAY, MICHAEL England, 1791-1867, invented the electro-magnetic generator. G.L'E. Turner 24; DSB.
FARBINGER Germany, c.1700, MIM Pocket Calendar = Soth. 2/21/66. RSW.
FARDOIL, P. France, fl.1684-1722, MIM Astronomical Clock = POB. also signed "J. Caffiéri et A. Coypel" on case. Paris. Trois Siècles.
FARELLI, C. England, c.1800, PHIM Stick Barometer = P-B 4/28/39. Northampton. RSW.
FAREY, JOHN, JNR. England, fl.1791-1851, MIM NIM Ellipsograph = Christie-SK 2/2/77 = RSM; Sextant = RSM. invented a perspective machine in 1807; invented an ellipsograph in 1810; ellipsograph signed "Invented and Made by John Farey, Jnr"; suggested inverting the slide on the Soho slide rules in 1827. Westminster, London. NMM 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; Delehar 9; RSW.
FARFLER, STEFAN Germany, c.1655, MIM sandglass and clock maker. Nürnberg. Lunardi.
FARIMA, VINCENZO Italy, MIM Universal Sundial = NMM-D.75. NMM 2.
FARLAM, EBENEZER England, c.1707, MIM apprenticed to Nathaniel Smith of the Clockmakers' Company on May 5, 1707. J. Brown 3.
FARMADIE England, PHIM Stick Barometer = VNN. 2 St. John's Street Road (London?). RSW.
FARMER England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Christchurch. Goodison 1.
FARMER, F.C., AND SON England, c.1840, MIM Slide Rule for publicans, boxwood = D.(1987). Waterloo, Liverpool. Coffeen 15.
FARMER, JAMES England, fl. 1672-1708, MIM free of the Grocers' Company by Patrimony in 1672; took apprentices. Well Street near Well Close, London (1701-08). J. Brown 1.
FARMER, JOHN 1 England, c.1708, MIM apprenticed in the Masons' Company in 1708; made free in the Company. Crawforth 6 & 7.
FARMER, JOHN 2 England, fl.1731-77, MIM apprenticed to Thomas Cooke 1 in the Joiners' Company on Dec. 4, 1722; made free of the Company Dec. 7, 1731; took over John Atkinson 2 as an apprentice from George Wright 1 of the Grocers' Company in 1739; uncle of Richard Gearing who succeeded him; made slide rules. Cateaton Street (1731); St. Anns Lane near Aldersgate (1739); Lothbury; Dove Court, upper end Old Jewry, Wood Street; Whitefriars (1743); Pye Corner (1751); all in London. J. Brown 1; Crawforth 1, 6 & 7; Darius 2; RSW.
FARMER, THOMAS England, c.1703, MIM apprenticed to James Farmer of the Grocers' Company in 1703. J. Brown 1.
FARMER, WILLIAM England, c.1750, NIM Mariner's Compass = NMM-Gabb Coll. may be man who was apprenticed to his father, James Farmer, in 1708. near the Limekiln, Horsley Down, London. Taylor 2(476); J. Brown 1; RSW; Evans 1; May.
FARNGREN, JOHAN AUGUST Sweden, 1811-60, MIM Pantograph = NOR. Färngren; T.C. No. 9 Smala gränden, Stockholm. Pipping 1; RSW.
FARONE England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-C 10/9/86. Bristol. RSW.
FARONI, G. England, PHIM Barometer = KOT. Hull. RSW.
FARR, JOSEPH USA, 1775-1845, MIM SIM Surveying Compasses = P.C., D.(1986), Buffalo Historical Society, N.Y., Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Henry Ford Museum, Dearborn, Mich. the last instrument is numbered "85." Cunningham, Mass. (1775); Manlius Village, N.Y. Smart 1; Coffeen 12.
FARRAR, THOMAS England, c.1677, apprenticed to Walter Hayes in the Grocers' Company in 1677. J. Brown 1.
FARRELL, J. England, c.1850, OIM Telescope = D.(1981). Manchester. Moskowitz 122.
FARRER, JOHN England, c.1728, MIM apprenticed to Joseph Harrison in the Grocers' Company in 1713; turned over to Thomas Franklyn, Stationer, in 1716; free of the Grocers' Company in 1728. J. Brown 1.
FARROW AND JACKSON England, c.1825+, MIM PHIM Syke's Hydrometers = Phillips 2/14/79, Christie-SK 5/10/77, P.C.; Slide Rule, double, ivory = D.(1972); Bung Stick, wood = BIR; Slide Rule, double, wood = ADL-W144. the Adler rule is marked "Farrow and Jackson Makers Ltd., London." London. Moskowitz 103; ADL; RSW.
FARTHING, I.H. England, post-1799, MIM T.C. on polygraph invented by Marc Brumel in 1799, patent number 2305. Cornhill, London. RSW.
FASANA England, PHIM Stick Barometers = X(2). one signed "Fasana Bath"; the other gives the street address as well. 35 Milsom Street, Bath. Goodison 1.
FASCUA, F. England, 19th Century, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Phillips 1/30/84. Bath. RSW.
FASOLDT, CHARLES USA, c.1850, MIM made mechanical instruments, watches and clocks. Rome; Albany; both in New York. Harrold.
FASSANO, JOS. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
FASTRE France, PHIM Fastré; barometer maker. Paris. Ashworth.
FASTRE AINE France, 1849, PHIM Barometer, Fortin-type = CNAM. Fastré aîné. Quai des grands Augustins 63, Paris. Middleton 1.
FATIGET c.1600, MIM SIM Trigonum (surveying rule) = P.C. "Fatiget non Rapiat"; a motto, not a maker. RSW.
FATORINI, A. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. see Antonio Fattorini. Goodison 1.
FATORINI, M. 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Chichester. Goodison 1.
FATORINI, M. 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Polesden Lacey. 24 Charles Street, Hatton Garden, London. Goodison 1.
FATTON, FREDERICK LOUIS France; England, c.1822, patented an astronomical clock, 1822. Paris; New Bond Street, London. Britten.
FATTORINI AND SONS England, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 12/14/89. Skipton and Bradford. RSW.
FATTORINI, ANTONIO England, c.1831, pedlar of clocks and barometers; see also "Fatorini." Como House, Harrowgate. Goodison 1.
FATTORINI, JOSEPH England, pre-1838-48, PHIM barometer maker; in partnership with Henry Austin and John Cattanes, and Peter Ballarini before 1838; partner with Henry and Philip Cattanes in Cattanes and Co. (1848). King's Staith (pre-1838); 12 Castlegate (1848); both in York. Goodison 1.
FAULHABER, JOH. Germany, c.1600, MIM invented a surveying instrument. Ulm. Weil 2(4).
FAULKINGHAM England, 1672, sold faulty rules made by John Nash 1. under the south east Corner of the Royal Exchange, London. J. Brown 3.
FAULKNER, JOHN, AND SON England, c.1850, MIM SIM Surveying Instrument = OXF. for measuring altitudes; has a water level. RSW.
FAURAY France, c.1800, MIM "Opticien"; TC in architect's etui of instruments. Quai de l'Horloge à Paris. Gersaint, La Rochelle 7/23/94.
FAURE France, 1724, MIM Sundial, 1724 = Villeneuve, Hautes Alpes. Villeneuve. Gatty.
FAUTH AND CO. USA, MIM SIM Theodolite = P.C. Washington, D.C. USNM.
FAUTOUT-CHUIZY see Sautout-Choizy. Weil 2(4).
FAVA, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
FAVER England, c.1838, mis-spelling of Fayrer? London. Taylor 2(2125).
FAVERIL, C. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 5/18/89. Lincoln. RSW.
FAVERIO, F. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Phillips 11/16/76. Lincoln. Goodison 1; RSW.
FAVERIO, J. England, c.1830, PHIM Barometer = Soth. Wilkinson and Hodge 11/30/23; Wheel Barometers = Soth.-Sussex 9/18/86, D.(1972). some of these barometers are signed "Faverio Andover." Andover. RSW.
FAVRAY France, 18th Century, MIM OIM SIM Microscope = OXF or KEN; Theodolite = Weschler 5/22/76; Telescope = A-P 3/15/76. à la Ville de Genève, 69 (or 79) Quai de l'Horloge, Paris. Nachet; RSW.
FAWCETT, JOHN Ireland, fl.1775-93, OIM optician and watchmaker. 34 Dame Street (1775-86); 3 Grafton Street (1787-92); 133 Capel Street (1793); all in Dublin. Bryden 9; Morrison-Low and Burnett; G. Ferrel.
FAWCETT, W.H. USA, fl.1856-57, MIM worked for J. and W. Burt. 24 Jefferson Avenue, Detroit, Mich. Smart 1.
FAY, J.G. England, 19th Century, NIM Sextant = La Rochelle 7/16/83. Southampton. RSW.
FAY, S., AND SON England, c.1825, NIM Marine Compasses = Longleat House(2). Cowes, Isle of Wight. RSW.
FAYER England?, pre-1845, MIM Universal Equatorial Sundial = S. Leigh Soth. 4/24/1845-38. RSW.
FAYRER England, c.1830, MIM OIM Orrery = OXF; Telescope = Soth. 9/20/83. either James or John Fayrer. 41? White Lion Street, Pentonville, London. Taylor 2(2125); RSW.
FAYRER AND SONS England, c.1825, PHIM Marine Barometer = VNN. London. RSW.
FAYRER, J. England, fl.1826-70, MIM NIM OIM Circle = PEA-4530; Equatorial Telescope = D.(1986). either James or John Fayrer. 40 White Lion Street; 66 White Lion Street; both Pentonville, London. Brewington 1; Wynter 1.
FAYRER, JAMES England, fl.1838, MIM PHIM "Faver" in the directories may be a misspelling of this name; Taylor said that he and his brother, John Fayrer, divided some of Troughton's instruments; made instruments for the East India Company. 40 White Lion Street, Pentonville, London. Taylor 2(2125); Brewington 1; Wynter 1.
FAYRER, JOHN England, c.1838, MIM PHIM see James Fayrer; made instruments for the East India Company. 40 White Lion Street, Pentonville, London. Taylor 2(2125); Brewington 1; Wynter 1.
FAYTHURNE England, c.1609, OIM made perspective machines. London. Latham and Matthews, Vol. 9.
FAYVER England, MIM SIM Theodolite = Phillips 11/16/76. London. RSW.
FAZZI, SAMUEL Italy, 1760, PHIM Thermometer, 1760 = SPI-2866. Michel 3; Nachet; RSW.
FEATHERS, P., AND CO. Scotland, c.1850, NIM Sextant = FRK-S6 = RSM. Dundee. Frank; Clarke et al.
FEATHERS, P.C. Scotland, NIM Sextant = Dundee City Museum and Art Gallery. surely Peter Arith Feathers. Dundee. RSW.
FEATHERS, PETER ARITH Scotland, fl.1842-73, NIM OIM Octants, ebony, ivory = D.(1982), FRK = RSM, Soth. 3/10/87. T.C.; took his son as a partner in 1874. 73 High Street (1842); No. 10 Dock Street (1845-50); 26 Dock Street (1853-68); 40 Dock Street (1869-73); all in Dundee. Bryden 3; Coffeen A; Frank; Moskowitz 102; Clarke et al.
FEATHERSTON, JOHN England, fl.1650-68, MIM Wall Sundials, 1650 = Packwood House, Hockley Heath (3); Polyhedral Garden Sundial, 1668 = Packwood House, Hockley Heath. Hockley Heath. RSW.
FEATON, JOHN England, c.1733, MIM apprenticed to Simon Cade of the Clockmakers' Company on March 5, 1733. J. Brown 3.
FEAU, NICOLAS France, c.1625, MIM Astrolabe Table Clock = Petit Palais, Paris. Féau. Marseilles. Baillie 1.
FECHTER Switzerland, 18th Century, MIM SIM Plane Table with fixed and movable alidades = BASH; Quadrant = Stuker Auction 1958. Basle. RSW.
FECIOLUS, IO. DOM. Germany, 1558, MIM Astrolabe, 1558 = OXF. gift of Mrs. Billmeir, 1973. Trent. RSW.
FEELING, T. THOMAS France, 1734, MIM Garden Sundial, slate, 1734 = P.C. Abbé de Meldon (Meudon?); Teeling? Keeling? Meldon (Meudon). Chew.
FEHRENBACK see Stratz and Fehrenback. John Bell.
FEIL, CHARLES France, post-1827, OIM grandson of Guinand; "Ancienne maison Ch. Feil"; succeeded his grandfather; succeeded by Mantois. USNM.
FEILDER, THOMAS England, fl.1687-1720, MIM apprenticed to Withers Cheney of the Clockmakers' Company on Sept. 9, 1678; free of the Company on Sept. 9, 1687; Master of the Company, 1715; took apprentices. London. J. Brown 3.
FELD see Felt. Michel 3.
FELDT see Felt. Michel 3.
FELKL, J., AND SON Czechoslovakia, c.1850, MIM Terrestrial Globe = DNM. made for Croatia. Prague. RSW.
FELKL, JAN Poland; Czechoslovakia, 1817-88, MIM globe maker. Rostock; Prague. Globus, June 1963.
FELKL, L. Poland; Gemany; Czech; Holl, 1817-87, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1850 = VNL; Planetarium, Ptolemaic = Birmingham Public Library, Alabama. Rostock; Leipzig; Prague; Groningen. Globus, Dec. 1957, June 1962; Yonge.
FELL, ABRAHAM England, fl.1740-70, MIM made a new gnomon for the Ulverston church sundial in 1763. Ulverston Britten.
FELLATA France, c.1820, PHIM Stick Barometer = Drouot Richelieu 4/28/88. Place du Colège Royal, Lyon. RSW.
FELLWOCK, JOHANN GEORG Germany, fl.1762-83, MIM Quadrant, 1766 = PRA; Azimuth Quadrant, 1768 = DEU; Astronomical Clock, 1768 = Würzburg University Library; Planetarium, 1772 = BAM. Johann Georg Fellwöck, globe maker. Würzburg. Zinner 1; Horsky 2; Daumas 1; Wheatland 2; Czech. Inv.; Narodni; Globus, June,'62 and '63.
FELT, D., AND CO. USA, MIM Rule and Rectangular Protractor, ivory = D.(1993). New York, N.Y. Coffeen 41.
FELT, DAVID USA, MIM Terrestrial Globe, stand = Soth.-PB pre-1980. New York, N.Y. and Boston, Mass. RSW.
FELT, EBERHARD Germany, d.1600, MIM made diptych sundials; probably the son of Hans Felt; the name is also written "Feld." Nürnberg. Michel 1 & 3; Baillie 1; Gouk 1.
FELT, HANS Germany, fl.1561-77, MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory, 1566 = Drecker-110 = DPW = ADL-DPW20; Diptych Sundial, ivory = P.C.; Sundial = Evans Coll. Master in 1564; the maker's mark is a fool's head; probably the father of Eberhard, Marx and Martin; the name is also spelled "Feld." Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Michel 3; Evans 1; Gunther 2; Baillie 1; Gouk 1; ADL; RSW.
FELT, MARTIN Germany, d.1602, MIM made ivory diptych sundials; probably the son of Hans Felt; sometimes spelt "Feldt." Nürnberg. Michel 1 & 3; Baillie 1; Gouk 1.
FELT, MARX Germany, d.1602, MIM made ivory diptych sundials; probably the son of Hans Felt. Nürnberg. Michel 1 & 3; Baillie 1; Gouk 1.
FELT, WOLF Germany, c.1682, MIM compass maker; made sundials. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
FENDERICH, CHRISTIAN Germany?, MIM Ring Sundial = ZUR. Zinner 1.
FENET, LEON France, c.1890, MIM Celestial Planisphere = Versailles 11/20/83. done under the direction of Camille Flammarion. RSW.
FENIG England, 1795, MIM Armillary Sphere, 1795 = P. & S. 11/21/1894; Celestial Globe = P. & S. 11/21/1894. RSW.
FENING c.1750, MIM Armillary Sphere = WHI. may be Fenig Price 12.
FENN England, c.1850, MIM Triangular Rule, ivory = D.(1976). Newgate Street, London. Moskowitz.
FENN, DANIEL England, c.1780, MIM Wheel-Cutting Machine = OXF; Hodometer works with compass = BM. London. Taylor 2(965); Price 3; Ward 4.
FENN, ISAAC England, fl.1765-68, MIM Hodometer = Christie 12/12/1794. T.C.; invented a hodometer, patent granted in 1765. at the Sign of the Measuring Wheel, near the corner of Bond Street in Oxford Street, London. Crawforth 1; RSW.
FENN, J. England, c.1850, MIM Watchmaker's Rule, ivory = D.(1976). London. Moskowitz.
FENTIMAN, JOHN England, c.1798, MIM a member of the Tiler and Bricklayers' Company; he took over Daniel Cass as an apprentice on June 23, 1798 from William Morris of the Grocers' Company. London. J. Brown 1.
FENTON AND SONS England, MIM T.C. in a box for an equatorial sundial. 11 New Oxford Street, London. Wheatland 2.
FENWICK, T. probably the owner; marked on a levelling staff by H. Atkinson. RSW.
FER, A. DE France, 1670, Drawings of Quadrant, Cylinder Sundial, and Regiomontanus Sundial, 1670 = PBN-GED12781, -82, -83. L'Isle du Palais sur le quai de l'Horloge, à la Sphère Royale, Paris. RSW.
FERARI France, c.1800, PHIM Stick Barometer = D.(1975). Lille. RSW.
FERARI, B. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Ipswich. Goodison 1.
FERAT France, c.1750-1802, MIM PHIM SIM Levels with sights = La Rochelle 7/16/83, P.C.(1987); Graphometers = P.C., Christie 3/21/91 (with case); Horizontal Sundial in watch case = O-F; Circumferentor, telescopic sights = D.(1965); Protractor for prisms = D.(1969); Goniometers = P.C., STT; Miner's Compass = P.C. (1987); Folding Rule, ebony and silver = D.(1989); Stick Barometer, 1802 = Leeds Castle = Christie 12/12/96. Férat; Ferrat? level signed "Ecole imperial de Chalons"; rule is in "decimètres" and has silver numerals set into the ebony; barometer is signed "Chalons-sur-Marne." opposite the Palais Marchand, Paris. Monreal; Nachet; Brieux 3; Pipping 2; MAD march, 1997; RSW.
FERCHEL see Strebin und Ferchel. RSW.
FERCHEL, JOSEPH Germany, fl.1841-47, MIM Equatorial Sundial = Drecker; Sundial, 1847 = DEU; Instrument = NYM; Geared Sundial = P. and S. 5/19/1896 = OXF. geared sundial invented by A. Zimmerman (P. and S.); Gunther said the opposite; may be the Ferchel in Strebin und Ferchel, which see. Evans 1; Gunther 6; RSW.
FERCHNER, ANDREAS Austria, c.1750, MIM Celestial Globe on clock = WUP. copy of Roll clock in VIE. Vienna. RSW.
FERDINAND II, GRAND DUKE OF TUSCANY Italy, c.1660, invented the sealed, alcohol thermometer. Middleton 4.
FERDINAND, SIGNIFER Spain, 1633, MIM SIM Plane Table Compass and Circle, 1633 = D.(1968). Valencia. RSW.
FEREARIUS see Ferrerius.
FEREIUS see Ferrerius.
FEREMITE, ANTOINE France, c.1620, MIM Antoine Férémité. Paris. Hamilton 2.
FERENC, ELEKES Hungary, c.1850, MIM globe maker. Tooley.
FERGUSON Cruciform Sundial = UTR. probably modern. RSW.
FERGUSON, DANIEL Scotland; England, c.1771, apprenticed to George Linnell of the Spectaclemakers' Company in 1771. Edinburgh. Court and von Rohr 3(201).
FERGUSON, JAMES 1 Scotland; England, 1710-76, MIM OIM made orreries, miniature globes with cases, "Astronoma Rotula" = RSM; several types of sundials, telescopes, etc; may be seen at the Banff Museum, KEN; FLO, NMM, NYM, ADL, RSM, VCW, etc. astronomer; lecturer; F.R.S., 1763; author; taught by Cantley. Banff; Edinburgh; Mortimer Street, London. Taylor 2(258); Calthrop; Ward 3; Wynter and Turner; NMM 2; DNB; DSB; H.C. King 2; Wynter 1; Stevenson; Yonge; Krogt 2; Clarke et al; ADL; RSW.
FERGUSON, JAMES 2 Scotland; England, c.1765, son of James Ferguson 1; apprenticed to John Troughton 1 in the Grocers' Company in 1765. J. Brown 1.
FERICHEL, JOSEPH MIM Sundial in watch, copper = P. and S. 4/21/1898. may be Ferchel. RSW.
FERIEUS see Ferrerius.
FERIEUS, JO. PAULUS see Gio. Paolo Ferreri.
FERIGNY, J.F. 1736, MIM Inclinable Sundial, 1736 = FRA. amateurish. RSW.
FERIN, AUGUSTO Portugal, MIM T.C. 70 Rua Nova do Almada, Lisbon. RSW.
FERINA, VINCENZO Italy, pre-1765, MIM Horologium, wood pedestal = Goldschmied Coll. = NMM-Caird. initials P.G. added later. NMM 2; RSW.
FERONI, ALEXANDER Ireland, fl.1809-10, PHIM barometer maker; 1809 directory showed his name as "Ferony." 49 Fleet Street, Dublin. Morrison-Low and Burnett.
FERRARI, LORENZO Italy, fl.1813-24, MIM Astronomical Clock = X; Cannon Sundial = P. and S. 6/18/1894. also marked "Laurent". Parma. Morpurgo 1; Evans 1; Baillie 1.
FERRARI, LUIGI Italy, MIM Magnetic Compass = ADL-M467. Fox 1; RSW.
FERRAT, JEAN BAPTISTE PIERRE FRANCOIS France, c.1750, MIM NIM Level = CNAM; Repeating Circle = ECO. Jean Baptiste Pierre François Ferrat; possibly same as Ferat. Cloître Nôtre-Dame, Paris. Daumas 1; Paris 1900.
FERREIRA, MANOEL Portugal, fl.1748-71, NIM Marine Compass, wood and paper, 1771 = HAA; Instrument, 1748 = PMM. HAA is in an octagonal, wooden painted box. Lisbon. Schück 2; Price 2; RSW.
FERRERI, GIOVANNI PAOLO Italy; France, fl.1600-24, MIM Armillary Spheres = LEY (1600), NMM (1602, 1624). LEY has star points; NMM are from the Barbarini Coll.; also signed as "Jo. Paulus Ferrerius", "Jo. Paulus Ferieus", "Paolo Ferrero." Rome; Paris. Michel 3; NMM 2; USNM; Morpurgo 1; RSW; Globus, Dec. 1956 and 1957.
FERRERIUS, JO. PAULUS see Giovanni Paulus Ferreri.
FERRERO, PAOLO see Giovanni Paulus Ferreri.
FERRET France, fl.1770-89, OIM lens maker; considered as a candidate for honor by the Royal Academy of Sciences. Paris. Daumas 1.
FERRIER France, 18th Century, MIM Horizontal Sundial base = Soth. 12/19/66; Sundial Plate = Koller June 1967. aux Galeries, Paris. RSW.
FERRIER, ANTOINE France, c.1820, PHIM Money Scales = La Rochelle 7/16/83, Versailles 4/17/83. "Balancier ajusteur". rue St. Roch n° 6 près la Fontaine, Paris. RSW.
FERRIER, ANTOINE DU France, fl.1600-22, MIM Pocket Calendars, 1607 = P.C.; Sundial, silver, 1616 = NMM-Caird; Sundial in watch = BM; Astronomical Compendium, 1607 = van Heusen Coll. = LOS. set up by Henri IV in his workshop in the Louvre; clockmaker to Louis XIII; 1616 sundial modified by Butterfield; see Le Sieur de Ferrier; the center section of the compendium has been incorrectly reassembled. au Louvre, Paris. Michel 1 and 3; MADEX; USNM; RSW; Daumas 1; Nachet; Baillie 1; Thielmann.
FERRIER, GUILLAUME France, fl.1620-22, MIM OIM Magnetic Azimuth Sundial = OXF; Sundial = Soth. 1/27/48. son of Antoine du Ferrier; worked for Descartes in an attempt to produce hyperbolic lenses. à la Gallerie, Paris. Michel 1 and 3; Daumas 1; Josten; Société Belge; Maison Française; RSW.
FERRIER, JEAN France, c.1641, MIM OIM Quadrant = Académie royale des Sciences, Paris. in the 1641 inventory of the Académie; made microscopes with hyperbolic lenses. Paris. Daumas 1; A.J. Turner 10.
FERRIER, LE SIEUR DE France, 1611, MIM Astronomical Compendium, 1611 = Warren Coll. (1928) = Soth. May, 1974 = D.(1976). Antoine du Ferrier?; dated "Nov. 21, 1611". Culver 1; Brieux 3.
FERRIER, THORNTON England, fl.1817-23, PHIM barometer maker? father of William Thornton Ferrier? 34 Blackfriargate (1817); Queen Street (1822-23); both in Hull. Goodison 1.
FERRIER, WILLIAM THORNTON England, fl.1826-51, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X. signed "W.T. Ferrier." 11 Queen Street (1826-42); 5 Nelson Street (1846-51); both in Hull. Goodison 1.
FERRIG 1795, MIM Armillary Sphere, 1795 = X. surely Fenig. Evans 1.
FERRIS, T. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Poole. Goodison 1.
FESTE, L. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer X. Goodison 1.
FETTANI, T. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
FEUCHERE, C.G. France, c.1800, PHIM Stick Barometer = D.(1989). RSW.
FEVONY see Alexander Feroni. Morrison-Low and Burnett.
FEYHEL, MARTIN Germany, fl.1578-80, MIM Hodometer, 1580 = DRE. Nürnberg; Augsburg; Dresden. Michel 3; Rohde; Nachet; Baillie 1; Beckmann; RSW.
FEYKES, B. Holland, fl.1826-57, MIM Compass = WHI. Oude Teertuinen 42 (1826-52); Oude Teertuinen 133; both in Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2; RSW.
FICK, A. Russia, 1829-1901, MIM Myograph = GMT. Maistrov 4.
FICKLER Germany, c.1568, invented an astronomical compendium made by Nicholaus Rensberg. Basserman-Jordan 1.
FIDLER, ROBERT England, fl.1805-13, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Mean Motion Orrery, 1813 = KEN; Orrery, 1805 = Dr. Pearson (1805); Sextant = DRE; Balances = KEN, Royal Institution; Barometer = X. 32 Wigmore Street, Cavendish Square, London. Taylor 2(1332); Daumas 1; KEN; Goodison 1; Britten; RSW.
FIEBIG see Viebig. Zinner 1.
FIEBIG, FRANCISCUS Germany; Hollandfl.1633-47, MIM Artillery Level, 1633 = BEK; Circumferentors = HAK, Königsberg Staat Kunstsammlung (1647), DEU, NUR; Graphometers = D.(1969), Copenhagen Rundturm; Celestial Globe, 1633 = BEK; Instrument, 1642 = P.C.; Geometry Set = KAS; Theodolite = D.(1969). Arnstadt; Cologne; The Hague. Zinner 1; Evans 1; Rizzi; RSW.
FIEDLER, JOHANN, VON WESTIN Germany, 1752, MIM Protractor, 1752 = Christie 5/7/63-9. Dresden. RSW.
FIELD AND CO. England, fl.1830-80?, MIM OIM PHIM Microscopes = Wellcome Museum, Phillips 4/20/83; Microtome = Phillips 11/16/88. probably the firm of first Robert and then George Field. New Street; Suffolk Street; both in Birmingham. Taylor 2(1845); Bryden 9; RSW.
FIELD, CAPT. England, see Robert Field. RSW; Moskowitz 104.
FIELD, GEORGE, AND CO. LTD. England, post-1850, NIM Compass in gimbals = FRK-N21. probably succeeded Robert Field. Birmingham. Frank.
FIELD, JAMES England, 1805, MIM OIM billhead dated 1805. 2 Bond Street, Bath. Bryden 9.
FIELD, JOHN England, fl.1787-1830, MIM OIM PHIM Microscope = X; Telescope = Soth. 4/22/65. T.C.; apprenticed to Edward Nairne in the Spectaclemakers' Company, 1779; freed in 1787; worked at the Royal Mint, 1804-1830; Master of the Company, 1799-1801, 1820-22. 74 Cornhill, (1791); His Majesty's Mint (1817-27); both in London. Taylor 2(833); Calvert 2; Clay and Court; Evans 1; Dewhirst; Crawforth 1; Court and von Rohr 3(213).
FIELD, ROBERT England, c.1800, MIM OIM SIM Microscopes = WHI, Cranbrook Institute of Science, Mich.; Parallel Rules = SPL, OMM; Surveying Compass = Melun 4/24/83. parallel rules marked "Capt. Field's improved rule" and "Field Improved." 33 Navigation Street; 111 New Street, both in Birmingham. Bryden 9; Moskowitz 104; RSW; USNM; Taylor 2(1845).
FIELD, ROBERT, AND SON England, c.1830, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Microscopes = FRK, CMY, P.C., Phillips 2/14/79, Christie 2/2/77; Surveyor's Compasses = Snowshill Manor, D.; Magnetic Compass = Versailles 11/20/83; Protractors = Soth. 12/13/65 and Christie 12/21/71; Stick Barometer = Phillips 9/10/86. often signed "R. Field and Son." 113 New Street, Birmingham. Bryden 9; G.L'E. Turner 24; Frank; USNM; Moskowitz 103; RSW.
FIELD, W. England, c.1850, PHIM Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 2/26/88. Aylesbury. RSW.
FIELD, WALTER England, 1777, MIM Slide Rule, boxwood, 1777 = BM. also marked "Mr. Cuthbertson" and "J. Sutton." Price 3; Ward 4.
FIELD, WILLIAM England, c.1662, apprenticed to Thomas Aldus in the Joiners' Company on July 1, 1662. Crawforth 7.
FIELOT, R., AND SON OIM Compound Microscope = Peron et Corsy, Melun 6/10/79. probably a misreading of "R. Field and Son." Birmingham. RSW.
FIERET France, c.1620, MIM Sundial in lid of watch = X. Montpelier. Baillie 1.
FIERI Portugal; England, c.1790, MIM see Magellan and Fieri. Lisbon; London. RSW.
FIEUSET France, 18th Century, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial = Soth. 7/31/58; Mathematical Instrument Set = P.C.(1970). rue Grenetta, Paris. Troadec; RSW.
FIGATELLI, G.M. Italy, c.1675, instrument designer. Weil 2(23).
FILBRI, GERARD BERNARD ANTON Hollandfl.1769-1830, MIM Level, 1769 = LEY. made instruments for O. Canzius. Delft. Rooseboom 1.
FILBRI, GERARD BERNARD HENDRIK Holland, 1811-83, OIM Lens, 1753 = DEU. 1753 entry must be a mistake. Delft. Rooseboom 1.
FILBY, D. 1 Germany, fl.1750-60, NIM PHIM Sextants = Cabrillo Marine Museum, Long Beach, Cal. (1750, 1760), HAM; Octants = HAM, Soth.-B 3/2/79; Barometer = HAA; Compass Rose = Staatl. Navigationsschule, Hamburg. Hamburg. USNM; Schück 2; RSW.
FILBY, D. 2 Germany, c.1840, NIM Sextant = P.C. O'Mara.
FILFORD see Vandome, Filford and Co.
FILIBERTO, EMANUELE Italy, fl.1570-75, MIM globe maker. Rome. Globus, Dec. 1956.
FILINGER England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Ely. Goodison 1.
FILIPPO E HOVER Italy, c.1764, MIM Higgens 3.
FINCH England, MIM SIM Circumferentor, case = P-B 9/24/38. may be I. Finch. which see. RSW.
FINCH, I. England, c.1750, MIM Sector = Soth. 2/8/83. RSW.
FINCH, JACOB England, c.1686, MIM apprenticed by turnover to Isaac Carver of the Clockmakers' Company on May 3, 1686. J. Brown 3.
FINE, FRANCOIS France?, c.1500, MIM François Finé. Maddison 6.
FINE, ORONCE France, 1494-1555, MIM Navicula, ivory, 1524 = POR = MPP; Astronomical Clock, 1553 = Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, Paris. Oronce Finé; instrument designer and maker; author; navicula signed "Op. Orontii F. 1524." Briançon; Paris. Daumas 1; Michel 3; Nachet; Poulle 2; Moreux; Brusa 1; Portaluppi Cat.; RSW.
FINLAY, ROBERT Scotland, fl.1846-50, MIM OIM PHIM 46 John Street (1846-47); 225 George Street (1848); 87 London Street (1849-50); all in Glasgow. Bryden 3; Clarke et al.
FINLAY, WILLIAM Scotland, fl.1820-22, MIM 65 George Street, Glasgow. Bryden 3; Clarke et al.
FINLAYSON, JOHN Scotland, 1743, MIM OIM SIM Compound Microscopes = RSM (1743), OXF; Telescopic Level, double = Soth. 10/5/90. Jacobite; Burgess and Guild Brother, 1743; may have been a Hammerman. Edinburgh. Bryden 3 & 4; Nichols; RSW.
FINNEY AND LIDDLE Scotland, fl.1826-27, OIM Joseph Finney 2 and William Liddle. 3 North Bank Street, Edinburgh. Bryden 3.
FINNEY, JOSEPH 1 England, 1708-72, PHIM Angle Barometers = X, Christie-G 6/30/92, KEN; Pyrometers = X(2); Metallic Thermometer = Burton Constable. Freeman of Liverpool, 1733; also made hygrometers and clocks; Christie barometer signed "J. Finney, Liverpool", walnut case; Joseph Finney 2 is probably son. Liverpool. D.N.B.; Antiquarian Horology, Sept. 1976; Fairclough; Elizabeth Hall; McConnell 1; RSW.
FINNEY, JOSEPH 2 England; Scotland, fl.1770-1825, MIM OIM PHIM Angle Barometer = KEN; Micrometer Gauge = KEN; Elliptical Trammel = KEN; Dial Pyrometer = KEN; Stick Barometer = P.C. could be son of Joseph Finney 1; Edinburgh shop may be branch; all KEN instruments are part of George III Coll.; see Finney and Liddle. Liverpool; 5 Bank Street (1818); 3 North Bank Street, (1819-1825); both Bank Street addresses are in Edinburgh. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1553); Daumas 1; Chaldecott 1; Bryden 3; Clarke et al; RSW; Tyler.
FIORA, J. England, fl.1814-15?, PHIM Barometer = D.(1970); Wheel Barometers = X, Soth. 12/17/87. Signed "J. Fiora Nottingham"; the name also appears on clocks. Long Row?, Nottingham. Goodison 1; RSW.
FIORENZA, FRANCISCO Italy, set of ivory tablets with designs of a fortress. Peter Brophy thinks the work is Flemish or Dutch. Milan. Brophy.
FIORINI, MATTEO Italy, 1827-1901, MIM Terrestrial and Celestial Globes = Museo della Societa Geografica Italiana, Rome. Bologna. Maddison 7; Globus, Dec.1956.
FIORINO, S.D. c.1835, PHIM Barometer = KAS. von Mackensen 1.
FIORUZZI E BIANCHI Italy; France?, c.1820, PHIM Galvanometer = Dept. of Physics, U. of Parma. A. Fioruzzi and B. Bianchi 3 of Paris collaborated on this instrument used in Macedonio Melloni's lab. Piacenza; Paris? Brenni 1.
FIORUZZI, A. Italy; France?, c.1820, PHIM see Fioruzzi e Bianchi. Piacenza. Brenni 1.
FISCHER 1 England, 1783, MIM patented a pedometer in 1763. London. Baillie 1.
FISCHER 2 USA, c.1850, MIM Hydrometer Set = Soth.-N.Y. 2/23/79. 58 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. RSW.
FISCHER, JOHANN PAUL Germany, c.1840, MIM Heliochronometers = PRA, Soth. 11/16/87. Nürnberg? Zinner 1; Horsky and Skopova; RSW.
FISCHER, N.C. Germany, 1781, MIM Mining Compass, 1781 = P.C.(1987). Saalfeld. RSW.
FISCHER, PETRUS Denmark, 1591, MIM Perpetual Calendar, 1591 = ROS-66. pupil of Tycho Brahe. Rosenborg Castle Cat.
FISH, ASA USA, MIM Gunter Scale = Streeter Coll. = MYS. Mystic, Conn. RSW.
FISHER USA, c.1823, PHIM Barometer = Athenaeum of Philadelphia, Pa. may be Martin Fisher; also made thermometers and other philosophical instruments. Philadelphia, Pa. USNM.
FISHER, EBENEZER England, c.1725, MIM apprenticed to Joseph Smith 1 of the Clockmakers' Company on March 4, 1717 for eight years; free of the Company on Oct. 4, 1725. London. J. Brown 3.
FISHER, JAMES USA, fl.1846-53, PHIM also made chemical apparatus. 58 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. USNM.
FISHER, JOHN 1 England, c.1776, apprenticed to Richard Rust in the Grocers' Company in 1776. J. Brown 1.
FISHER, JOHN 2 USA, c.1790, MIM made an astronomical clock in 1790. Yorktown, Pa. Prime; USNM.
FISHER, JOSEPH USA, fl.1849-53, MIM PHIM Philadelphia, Pa. USNM.
FISHER, MARTIN USA, c.1791, PHIM made glass instruments, barometere, thermometers, etc; succeeded Alloysius Ketterer; see Fisher. Race Street, Philadelphia, Pa. Middleton 1; Bedini 1 and 8; USNM.
FISHER, THOMAS USA, c.1846, MIM made an astronomical device; won an award for it in 1846. Philadelphia, Pa. USNM.
FISHWICK, C. England, c.1839, MIM NIM OIM Naval Quay, Hull. Taylor 2(2127).
FITCH, JOHN 1 England?, c.1770, MIM Protractor = X. Haviland. Price 2 (1964).
FITCH, JOHN 2 USA, c.1793, improved the traverse board with "The Columbian Ready Reckoner", 1793. Philadelphia, Pa. Bedini 8.
FITCHETT, EDWARD England, c.1804, apprenticed to Michael Dancer in the Joiners' Company on Nov. 20, 1804. Crawforth 7.
FITTON, ALEXANDER Ireland, fl.1780-87, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Hadley's Quadrant, 1780 = P.C. worked with Francis Fitton. 36 Grafton Street; 60 Paul Street (1787); both in Cork. Taylor 2(834); Brewington 1; Jannasch; Morrison-Low and Burnett.
FITTON, ALEXANDER AND FRANCIS Ireland, fl.1784-87, MIM NIM 36 Grafton Street, Cork. Taylor 2(834).
FITTON, FRANCIS Ireland, fl.1784-87, MIM NIM Hadley's Quadrant, 1784 = PEA. worked with Alexander Fitton. 36 Grafton Street (1784); 36 Paul Street (1787); both in Cork. Taylor 2(834); Brewington 1; NMM 1; Morrison-Low and Burnett.
FITZ, HENRY, JR. USA, 1803-63, OIM Lens, ten-inch, achromatic = ADL-A207; twelve-inch Objective = P.C.; Refracting Telescopes = USNM, U. of Michigan, Allegheny Observatory. first important telescope maker in the U.S.A. 508 Fourth Street, New York, N.Y. USNM; Howell; Multhauf 2; ADL; RSW.
FITZGERALD, KEANE England, fl.1765-75, PHIM Metallic Thermometer = X. designed a new wheel barometer; author. Taylor 2(478); Chaldecott 4; Middleton 1.
FITZGERALD, MICHAEL Ireland, c.1820, MIM Sullivan's Quay, Cork. Morrison-Low and Burnett.
FITZGERALD, WILLIAM England, c.1801, NIM invented a marine level instrument. Grey's Inn, Middlesex, London[?]. Taylor 2(1122).
FITZROY, ADMIRAL ROBERT England, 1805-65, designed a new scale for barometere and a new shock-proof barometer for naval ships, both after 1850. London. Goodison 1; Middleton 1; G.L'E. Turner 24.
FIXLMILLNER, PLACIDUS Austria, 1721-91, MIM SIM Graphometer, 1766 = KRM. Kremsmünster. Zinner 1; Rabenalt.
FLACK, RICHARD England, c.1749, apprenticed to Edward Roberts 1 in the Joiners' Company on May 2, 1749. Crawforth 7.
FLAMENT France, 19th Century, MIM Set of Drawing Instruments = Christie-NY 10/24/83. the French curve is marked "3614 Bte. S.G.D.G." Paris. RSW.
FLAMSTEED, JOHN England, 1646-1719, MIM Mural Quadrant (with Abraham Sharp), 1688-1689 = NMM. The first Astronomer Royal; author. Greenwich. Taylor 1(318); Daumas 1; Nachet; Howse 1.
FLANAGAN, PATRICK Ireland, 1824, MIM 13 Fishamble Street, Dublin. Morrison-Low and Burnett.
FLANTIN, ETIENNE France, c.1608, MIM instrument maker to Henry IV. au Louvre, Paris. Daumas 1.
FLECHET, P. France, MIM Heliochronometer = Musée Lombard, Geneva. Paris. RSW.
FLECHET, P.,ET CIE. France, c.1850, MIM Heliochronometer = USN. "Ingénieur". 5 Rue Nve. Pr. Augustin, Paris. Evans 1; RSW.
FLECHEUX, ABBE France, c.1780, MIM Tellurium = DPW; Loxocosme = P.C. Abbé Flecheux; invented the "Loxocosme" to demonstrate the motions of the earth. Brieux 2; A.J. Turner 10.
FLEETWOOD, RICHARD England, c.1793, MIM apprenticed to John Browning 1 in the Grocers' Company on Mar. 7, 1793. London. J. Brown 1.
FLEMING, JOHN England, 1842-47, MIM 41 Brick Lane (1842); 191 St. George Street (1847); both in London. O'Mara.
FLETCHER Scotland, MIM Pair of Globes, small = D.(1983) = RSM. "Fletcher's Celestial Globe" also appears on a globe made by W. and A.K. Johnston. Clarke et al; RSW.
FLETCHER, J., AND SON England, OIM T.C.; opticians; made chronometers and watches. 148 Leadenhall Street, London. RSW.
FLETCHER, M., AND SON England, c.1850, PHIM Marine Barometer = VNN; Stick Barometer = Hutchinson-Scott Auctioneers, 6/14/94. Stick barometer signed "Fletcher and Son, London." 95 Leadenhall Street, London. RSW.
FLIEGER, KASPAR Germany?, c.1750, MIM Pair of Globes = Prague Observatory. Society of Jesus. Zinner 1; Globus, June 1963.
FLINDELL, JOHN England, c.1782, OIM was turned over to George Ribright of the Spectaclemakers' Company in 1775; free of the Company in 1782. Court and von Rohr 3(206).
FLINT, HENRY England, c.1701, MIM apprenticed to Walter Henshaw of the Clockmakers' Company on Feb. 3, 1701. J. Brown 3.
FLINT, THOMAS England, fl.1826-48, MIM NIM OIM Octant = KEN. 9 High Street (1826-31); 31 Whitefriars Gate; 34 Whitefriars Gate (1835-48); all in Hull. KEN; Taylor 2(2128).
FLOCKHART, ANDREW England, fl.1811-23, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. barometer signed "Flockhart Covent Garden, London." 5 King Street, Covent Garden, London. Goodison 1.
FLORENT, ARNOLD, FILIUS see Langren. Belgian Inv.
FLORENT, JACOB see Langren. Belgian Inv.; Globus, Dec. 1957.
FLORIANUS, ANTONIUS Italy, fl.1545-55, MIM Terrestrial Globe Gores, 1555 = N.Y. Public Library. Udine. Yonge.
FLOTTMAN Germany, c.1700, MIM Protractor = Soth. 10/4/77 = P.C. Berlin. A.J. Turner 10; RSW.
FLOUTRIERES, PIERRE DE France, c.1619, Floutrières; designed sundials; author. Paris. Goldschmidt Cat.
FLOWER, CHRISTOPHER 1 England, c.1650, MIM successor to Thomas Flower. in the Bulwarke by the Tower, London. Taylor 1(237); NMM 1.
FLOWER, CHRISTOPHER 2 England, 1653-93, MIM OIM employed by William Spencer 1 in early 1671; apprenticed, 1671, in the Spectaclemakers' Company; free of the Company, 1678. Bishopsgate Street, London (1693). Taylor 1(237); Evans 1; Dewhirst; NMM 1; Court and von Rohr 3(43).
FLOWER, GEORGE England, c.1682, MIM apprenticed by turnover to James Atkinson 1 of the Clockmakers' Company on July 4, 1670; free of the Company, July 3, 1682. London. J. Brown 3.
FLOWER, JOHN England, fl.1712-57, MIM OIM son of Christopher Flower 2; free of the Spectaclemakers' Company by Patrimony, 1712; Master of the Company in 1735. NMM 1; Court and von Rohr 3(81).
FLOWER, MARY England, fl.1693-97, MIM OIM widow of Christopher Flower 2; mother of John Flower; managed husband's shop. Bishopsgate Street, London. Court and von Rohr 3(68).
FLOWER, SAMUEL England, MIM made small Gunter's quadrant. Taylor 1(217).
FLOWER, THOMAS England, 1642-97, MIM succeeded by Christopher Flower 1; engraved scales; his sign suggests that he made sundials. Sign of the Dyall in the Bulwarke by the Tower, London. Taylor 1(201); Evans 1.
FLOWER, W. England, c.1646, MIM made gunnery instruments described in William Eldred's book. The Bulwarke by the Tower, London. Taylor 1(217).
FLOWER, WILLIAM England, c.1768, clergyman; invented a type of slide rule; author, 1768; John Bennett 2 made the slide rule. A.J. Turner 10.
FLUDD, ROBERT England, 1574-1637, designed instruments including a geometrical staff and combination barometer and thermometer. Oxford; London. Taylor 1(93); Weil 2; Gunther 2.
FOBIS, PIERRE DE France, fl.1535-65, MIM Armillary Sphere with clock = VIE; Astronomical Clock, 1535 = X. globe maker. Lyon. Michel 3; Bertele 1; Globus, June 1963; Brieux 2.
FOCARD, JACQUES France, c.1546, designed astrolabes; author. Lyon. Weil 2(27).
FOCINI, BERNARDO see Bernardus Facini.
FOEF MIM Diptych Sundial, wood = Pugsley Sale. "No. 5." RSW.
FOEHR, JAN CORNELISZ VON Holland?, 1770, NIM Octant, 1770 = HAK. RSW.
FOERING see Pleis, Foering and Thudium.
FOGGED, LUCAS USA, c.1850, OIM Telescope = Maritime Museum of British Columbia. USNM.
FOIRET France, c.1850, OIM Parabolic Reflector = D. Paris. Moskowitz 103.
FOKKENBERG, J.D. Holland, 1777, OIM Microscopes = KEN (1777), CRI. Utrecht. Rooseboom 1; Gunther 2; KEN.
FOLE, ROBERT 1 England, c.1667, MIM one of nineteen instrument makers admitted to the Clockmakers' Company in 1668. J. Brown 1; Clay and Court.
FOLE, ROBERT 2 misreading for "Jole." Clay and Court.
FOLETTI, MICHAEL England, fl.1844-60, PHIM barometer and thermometer maker. 88 Curtain Road (1844-46); 4-5 Bateman's Row (1847-49); 64 Banner Street (1851-52); 89 Old Street (1853-60); all in London. Goodison 1.
FOLGER, GIDEON USA, OIM Spyglass = Maria Mitchell Science Library, Nantucket, Mass. Nantucket, Mass. RSW.
FOLGER, WALTER, JR. USA, 1765-1849, MIM OIM Astronomical Clock, Mariner's Compasses, Telescope = Foulger Museum, Nantucket, Mass. scientist, astronomer, philosopher, Member of Congress, State Senator. Nantucket, Mass. Bedini 1; USNM; RSW.
FOLIE, A.P. 1796, MIM Garden Sundial, small, 1796 = D. RSW.
FOLKES, MARTIN England, 1690-1754, OIM designed a Cuff-type microscope with a micrometer. Nachet.
FOLLI, P. FRANCESCO Italy, 1624-85, PHIM Hygrometer = FLO-2434. Poppi. Bonelli 1 & 5.
FOND, SIGAUD DE LA France, 1730-1810, worked on the plate electrical machine, 1771. A.J. Turner 10.
FONDRINIER see Fourdrinier. Hamilton 2.
FONETES MIM Pillar Sundial, wood = DPW. RSW.
FONTAINE, DE England, c.1800, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-S 1/25/89. RSW.
FONTAINEMOREAU, PIERRE ARMAND Scotland, c.1844, Le Comte de Fontainemoreau; he invented a new type of barometer. Skinner's Place, Sise Lane, Edinburgh? Practical Mechanic and Engineer's Magazine, Vol.IV, p.56.
FONTANA 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Wycombe. Goodison 1.
FONTANA 2 England, see B. Fontana; Bulla, Grassi and Fontana; Grassi and Fontana. Exeter. Goodison 1.
FONTANA, B. England, fl.1830-56, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. signed "B. Fontana Exeter". Cowick Street, St. Thomas, Exeter. Goodison 1.
FONTANA, B. AND J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Kettering. Goodison 1.
FONTANA, E. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Soth.-S 4/24/87. High Wicombe. Goodison 1; RSW.
FONTANA, FELICE Italy, 1730-1805, OIM PHIM Balance Barometer = FLO. earliest known director of Grand Duke Léopold's Museum which is now the Museo di Storia della Scienza in Florence; used spider silk for cross lines in a level with two telescopes that he built; also made thermometers. Florence. Bonelli 5; Michel 1 & 3; Daumas 1; Morpurgo 1; Boffito; Italian Inv.; Bedini 8; Knoefel; Middleton 1.
FONTANA, FRANCESCO Italy, fl.1580-1656, OIM claimed to have invented a telescope in 1608, and a microscope in 1618; author; mentioned by Bonani in 1690 as an instrument maker. Naples. Offenbacher 22; Nachet; Weil 2(19); Clay and Court.
FONTANA, G. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-S 10/19/89. see Fontana 1 and E. Fontana. High Wycombe. RSW.
FONTANA, G.B. Italy, c.1590, MIM Celestial Globe = Schloss Ambras, Innsbruck. Globus, Nov. 1954.
FONTANI see Fontana. Bell 2; Goodison 1.
FONTANI, M. England, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Phillips 9/10/86. High Wycombe. Goodison 1; RSW.
FONTEYNE, LA France, 1645, MIM Sundial, compass in butt of pistol = Wallace Coll.-A1182, London. Mourgues. Cousins.
FONZONOLE, ROUX France, OIM Microscope = D. Paris. Brieux 3.
FOORD, RICHARD England, c.1660, MIM apprenticed to Walter Hayes in the Grocers' Company; free of the Company in 1660. J. Brown 1.
FOPPES, WYTZE Holland, 1707-78, MIM NIM OIM Trigonometric Instruments = P.C. (1751), LEY (1757); Telescope, Gregorian = Eisinga's house, Franeker; Reflecting Circle = AMST; Telescopes, reflecting = Auctions, 1906 and 1910. Rooseboom puts "Dongjuma" in parentheses after the surname; also made microscopes. Leeuwarden. Rooseboom 1; Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2; RSW.
FORBIN see Fortin. Gunther 2.
FORD, GEORGE 1 England; USA, fl.1811-42, MIM NIM SIM Hadley's Quadrant = D.(1970). either he or his son, George Ford 2, was a clockmaker. West King Street, Lancaster, Pa. Bedini 1 and 17; Smart 1; Moskowitz 101.
FORD, GEORGE 2 USA, c.1842, MIM NIM SIM succeeded his father, George Ford 1, in 1842. Lancaster, Pa. Bedini 1 and 17; Smart 1.
FORD, HENRY England, c.1724, free in the Spectaclemakers' Company, 1724. Crawforth 7.
FORD, J. England, c.1800, NIM Sextant = Soth. 2/1/79; Octant = OXF; Hadley's Quadrant = PRA. may be John Ford, which see. London. Taylor 2(1123); Horsky and Skopova; RSW.
FORD, JOHN England, c.1813, MIM apprenticed to John King 2 in the Grocers' Company, 1802; turned over to John Browning 1 of the Grocers' Company in 1805; free of the Company in 1813. J. Brown 1.
FORD, ROBERT England, c.1730, MIM apprenticed to Simon Cade of the Clockmakers' Company on Sept. 7, 1730. J. Brown 3.
FORDHAM, THOMAS England, c.1776, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. barometer signed "Fordham." Bishops Stortford. Goodison 1.
FOREST, J. France, c.1850, MIM Terrestrial Globes = Versailles 11/20/83 (3), Melun 4/28/83, Soth.-B 9/12/73, D.(1972), Gersaint, La Rochelle 7/20/96; Celestial Globe = D.(1972); Terrestrial Globe, miniature = Versailles 4/24/83. some of the globes are marked "Trazada por J. Forest Ingenioro Geografo." Paris. Moskowitz 104; RSW.
FOREST-DUCHESNE, NICOLAS France, 1639, designed a sector with sights and socket, 1639; author. Daumas 1.
FORIANO, FRA FRANCESCO DE Italy, 1743, OIM Microscope, 1743 = ROM. Bonelli 4.
FORLANI, PAOLO DI see Paulus de Furlanis. Woodward 1; RSW.
FORNELLI see Mastaglio, Fornelli and Molteni. Taylor 2(2179); Goodison 1.
FORNETH England, c.1820, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie-SK 11/21/95. Sheffield. RSW.
FORRE AND CO. England, c.1790, PHIM Stick Barometer = D.(1970). London. RSW.
FORREST England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
FORSTER see Graham and Forster.
FORSTER, CLEMENT England, fl.1682-94, MIM PHIM Sector = D.(1994). apprenticed to Henry Wynne of the Clockmakers' Company on Aug. 29, 1670; free of the Company, July 3, 1682; took apprentices; barometer maker. at Mr. Davis's, near Painter's Coffee House, Salisbury Court, Fleet Street, London (1694). J. Brown 3; Taylor 1(345); Goodison 1; Coffeen X (1994).
FORSTER, DANIEL England, 1733, NIM Davis Quadrant, 1733 = Versailles 11/19/79. Wapping, London. RSW.
FORSTER, HANS Germany?, MIM Dividers = NUR-WI242. RSW.
FORSTER, SAMUEL England, designed an equatorium, made by Anthony Thompson. North 2.
FORSTER, WILLIAM England, fl.1630-74, MIM Calendar = NMM-Gabb Coll. pupil of William Oughtred in 1630; designed a protractor. Red Bull over against St. Clement's Churchyard, outside Temple Bar, London. Taylor 1(164); Rabone 1.
FORSTHOFF, JOHANN WILHELM Germany, c.1700, PHIM Money Balance = Soth. 6/25/68. RSW.
FORSYTH, WILLIAM England, MIM Slide Rule, single, wood = RSM. RSW.
FORTIER France, fl.1725-60, MIM Astronomical Clocks with Armillary Spheres = Wallace Collection (1763), Getty Museum, P.C. Paris. Connaissance des Arts, 1975.
FORTIN ET HERMANN France, c.1830, PHIM Pneumatic Apparatus = USNM; Hygrometer = USNM; Porosity Apparatus = USNM. Nicolas Fortin. Paris. USNM; Middleton 4; Daumas 1.
FORTIN, AUGUSTIN France, fl.1768-80, MIM Astronomical Clock = NMM; Terrestrial Globes = Schuhmann-96 (1770), CNAM (1769, 1770, 1780), NMM (1770)(2); Celestial Globes = ADL-A262 (1780), CNAM (1770, 1780), Drouot 11/6/67; Pair of Globes, 1780 = D.(1970); Armillary Spheres = D.(1974), VEO, Hispanic Society, New York, N.Y.; Planispheres = P.C., ADL-DPW53 (1768); Planetarium = D.(1974). "Ingénieur pour les globes et sphères"; Yonge gave first address. Mouchy-la-V. (Oise); chez le S. Fortin, rue de la Harpe, Paris. Brieux 3; Bonelli 4; Italian Inv.; Daumas 1; Nachet; MADEX; Wynter 1; Stevenson; Yonge; ADL; RSW.
FORTIN, ETIENNE France, c.1785, MIM OIM made large astronomical instruments. Paris. A.J. Turner 10.
FORTIN, JEAN NICHOLAS France, 1750-1831, MIM NIM PHIM Barometers = CNAM, FLG, GMT; Air Pump, 1780 = FLO; Air Pump = CNAM; Spherometer = CNAM; Repeating Circle = CNAM; Balance = WHI. the foremost precision instrument maker in Paris of his era, he made chemical apparatus and precision balances for Antoine Lavoisier; developed a portable cistern barometer; Yonge thought he made the Hispanic Society armillary sphere. rue Saint Honoré; rue de la Sorbonne; rue de la Montagne-Sainte Geneviève; all in Paris. Daumas 1; Brewington 1; Bonelli 1 & 4; Maistrov 4; Brieux 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; Italian Inv; J.A. Bennett 2; Middleton 1; Yonge.
FORTIN, LE SIEUR see Augustin Fortin and Jean Nicholas Fortin as both used this title. Daumas 1.
FORTIN, LOUISE France, c.1793, MIM worked with her father, Augustin Fortin; globe maker. Paris. Daumas 1.
FOSANELLI, PETER England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Bishops Castle. Goodison 1.
FOSSE-E-O MIM Proportional Dividers, wood and metal = USNM. the hyphens indicate illegible letters. USNM.
FOSSELL, DAVID England, PHIM Angle Barometer = X. Hinckley. Goodison 1.
FOSTER England, 19th Century, MIM Floating Sundial, ivory = P.C. marked "Magnetic Sun Dial." RSW.
FOSTER AND CAMMACK England, OIM Telescope, 4-draw = FRK-TL98. Liverpool. Frank.
FOSTER, CHARLES England, PHIM Angle Barometer = Christie 12/8/76. Halifax. RSW.
FOSTER, CLEMENT see Clement Forster.
FOSTER, DANIEL England, NIM a copy of a mariner's compass signed "Daniel Foster" was made and signed by L.C. Eichner of New Jersey, for the Mayflower II. near Wapping Old Stairs, London. Taylor 1(351); RSW.
FOSTER, EDWARD England, fl.1777-85, MIM Planetarium, 1777 = X. also a clock maker. Carlisle. Bryden 9.
FOSTER, JAMES 1 USA, pre-1838, MIM OIM PHIM partner with L.T. Wells as Wells and Foster 1. Cincinnatti, Ohio. USNM.
FOSTER, JAMES 2 USA, 1814-73, MIM PHIM SIM Solar Compass = Oregon State Logging Museum, Klamath Falls.; Surveyor's Compasses = Abraham Lincoln Museum, Springfield, Il., D.(1978). see also "Wells and Foster" 2 and "James Foster Jr. and Co." Fifth and Race Street, Cincinnatti, Ohio. (1852-73). Smart 1; RSW.
FOSTER, JAMES, JR. AND CO. USA, 1814-73, MIM PHIM SIM Transit = Ohio State Museum, Columbus; Surveying Chain= D.(1991). James Foster 2. Baltimore, Md (1814-38); Cincinnati, Ohio (1838-73). Smart 1; Coffeen 35.
FOSTER, JOHN 1 England, c.1690, MIM apprenticed to Daniel Quare 1 of the Clockmakers' Company in 1680; free of the Company on Jan. 20, 1690. London. J. Brown 3.
FOSTER, JOHN 2 Englandc.1693, MIM apprenticed to Nathaniel Smith of the Clockmakers' Company on May 3, 1693; free of the Company, April 4, 1726. J. Brown 3.
FOSTER, JOHN 3 England, c.1726, MIM apprenticed to his father, John Foster 2 (or 1) of the Clockmakers' Company on Aug. 1, 1726. J. Brown 3.
FOSTER, JOHN 4 England, c.1797, apprenticed to Joseph Stutchbury in the Joiners' Company on July 4, 1797. Crawforth 7.
FOSTER, JOHN 5 England, fl.1830-37, MIM NIM OIM Sextant, ebony = Soth. 10/28/86. T.C. 70 Sparling Street; 43 Sparling Street; 33 Strand Street. all in Liverpool. Taylor 2(1849); Brewington 1; RSW.
FOSTER, JOSEPH England, c.1728, MIM apprenticed to his father , John Foster 2 (or 1), of the Clockmakers' Company on Aug. 6, 1728. J. Brown 3.
FOSTER, ROGER 1 England, c.1650, MIM Horary Quadrant = D.(1969). this instrument was later modified with a radius arm to serve as a surveying quadrant; it was used for survey work in New England, c.1750. USNM; RSW.
FOSTER, ROGER 2 France?, c.1790, MIM Horary Quadrant = Soth. 3/10/87. RSW.
FOSTER, SAMUELL England, fl.1619-52, designed a type of sector that was made by Anthony Thompson 1; designed and made other instruments and sundials; professor of Astronomy at Gresham College; author; see S.F. Coventry. Calvert 2; Taylor 1(139); Weil 2(15); Brusa 1.
FOSTER, W. England, fl.1685-90, MIM Perpetual Calendars = BM(3) one dated 1685, OXF (1690). Gunther 2; Price 3; Ward 4.
FOSTER, W.T. England, NIM Octant = Christie 12/17/75. Ramsgate. RSW.
FOUCALT, JEAN BERNARD LEON France, 1819-68, OIM PHIM Philosophical Instrument = POB; Telescope = Observatoire de Marseilles (2). Jean Bernard Léon Foucalt; designed microscopes for daguerreotypes; designed pendulum to show motion of the earth; invented a gyroscope in 1852. Paris. Nachet; Trois Siècles; G.L'E. Turner 24; Maynent.
FOUCHE see Fourché.
FOUCHY, MR. GRANDJEAN DE France, fl.1732-69, invented the micrometer scale which was added by Le Maire Fils in 1741 to the telescopic quadrant, ADL-M186, which had been made by Philippe Claude Lebas, c.1675; Fouchy was a member of the Académie Royal des Sciences. Paris. Engelmann 1; Fox 1; Ronfort 1; Daumas 1; ADL; RSW.
FOUCQUIER, ANTHOUNE France, fl.1587-89, MIM SIM Sundial, ivory, 1587 = Peyrot Coll.; Circumferentor, 1589 = DEU. Evans 1; Price 2.
FOUITIE, MME. DE France?, OIM Telescope, 4-draw = FRK-T154. Frank.
FOULLON France, 18th Century, MIM Rule, folding, ivory = Koller 11/17/75. RSW.
FOULLON, ABEL France, 1513-65, invented the holometer for surveying; author; director of the Mint for Henri II. Paris. Michel 3; Boffito; Weil 2.
FOURCHE France, fl.1780-1810, MIM Measures = CNAM; Money Balance = TPD. Fourché; measures marked "l'an V". rue de la Ferronnerie, Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet; RSW.
FOURDRINIER France, pre-1672, MIM SIM Graphometer = FIN-240 = ADL-N33; Gnomonic Instrument = X. Paris. Nachet; A.J. Turner 10; ADL; RSW.
FOUX Holland, 1752, MIM SIM made surveying instruments; went to Leyden in 1752. De Clerq.
FOWLER, F. England, MIM Table Sundial = Musée Lombard, Geneva. London. RSW.
FOWLER, JOHN 1 England, c.1709, OIM apprenticed to John Yarwell in the Spectaclemakers' Company; free of the Company, 1709. The Globe, Sweetings Alley, London. Robischon.
FOWLER, JOHN 2 England, fl.1720-39, MIM PHIM SIM Universal Ring Sundials = P.C., D.(1964), Soth. 11/23/59; Azimuth Compass = NMM; Sundial, 1737 = OXF; Sundial = Christie-SK 4/17/86; Protactor = D.(1996); Universal Sundial = D.(1995). apprenticed to Thomas Cooke 1; T.C.; made slide rules, thermometers, etc. at the Globe in Swithin Alley by the Royal Exchange; at the Globe in Sweeting's Alley by the Royal Exchange (1737); both in London; [may be one address]. Taylor 2(174); Calvert 2; Dewhirst; Evans 1; Baillie 1; RSW; Gunther 2; Daumas 1; Clay and Court; NMM 2; J.A. Bennett 2; Coffeen 49 and 55.
FOWLER, JOHN WILLIAM England, c.1753, apprenticed to John Morgan 2 in the Joiners' Company on Jan. 9, 1753. Crawforth 7.
FOWLER, T. England, c.1700, MIM Azimuth Compass = SWE. Royal Exchange, London. RSW.
FOWLER, WILLIAM England, 1738, NIM Backstaff, 1738 = P.C. RSW.
FOWLES England, c.1676, MIM made Townley-type micrometer which Flamsteed gave to Gian Domenico Cassini, c.1676. London. A.J. Turner 10.
FOWLT, JOHN England, c.1737, apprenticed to Robert Cole 1 in the Stationers' Company; turned over to John Farmer 2 in the Joiners' Company, June 7, 1737. Crawforth 7.
FOX England, PHIM Dip Circles = X. Cornwall. McConnell (1984).
FOX, E. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. may be Edmund Fox or earlier E. Fox recorded by Baillie; barometer signed "E. Fox Ely and Soham." Ely and Soham. Goodison 1; Baillie 1.
FOX, EDMUND England, c.1850, PHIM barometer maker? see E. Fox. Broad Street, Ely. Goodison 1; Baillie 1.
FOX, H. England, c.1800, PHIM Stick Barometer = D.(1975). scale plate etched (?). Wakefield. RSW.
FOX, JOSEPH England, c.1801, apprenticed to Mrs. Martha Rust in the Grocers' Company, 1801. London. J. Brown 2.
FOX, ROBERT WERE England, fl.1831-48, designed a dipping needle and a terrestrial magnetism measuring instrument. Falmouth, Cornwall. Taylor 2(1850).
FOXON, WILLIAM England, 1772, invented a hydrometer, or mechanical log, 1772. Deptford. Wynter and Turner.
FOY France, OIM Spyglass = FRK. optician. Galerie Vivienne No. 59A, Paris. Frank.
FPLEGER, CHRISTOPH HUDIER 1629, MIM Protractor, 1629 = STU. RSW.
FRADER, DIDAE, SATDAN 1511, MIM Vertical Sundial, 1511 = P. and S. 2/9/1897. RSW.
FRAENKEL, H.H. Holland, 19th Century?, PHIM Stick Barometer = Auction, 1975. Groningen. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
FRAGET, F. Francec.1850, MIM Theodolite = P.C. (1987). marked "Constucteur." Paris. RSW.
FRAIDEL see Raidel.
FRAMBOTTI, PAOLO Italy, c.1649, MIM Sector = X. Padua. Nachet.
FRAN:US, P. PETRUS, DE WILLEVEAUX see Willeveaux, P. Petrus Fraa~:us de. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
FRANCESCO DI PADUA Italy, owner of many fine instruments made for him by Erasmus Habermel; badge was three rose bushes. RSW.
FRANCHETTA England, MIM Alidade = CYM. Manchester. RSW.
FRANCIS, BULMER England, fl.1731-74, MIM apprenticed to Richard George on April 5, 1709; turned over to Richard Hutchinson, of the Clockmakers' Company; free of the Company; took apprentices. London. J. Brown 3.
FRANCIS, E.G. England, fl.1836-42, OIM Microscope = CRI. Gunther thought it was 92 Berwick Street. 82 Berwick Street, Soho, London. O'Mara; Gunther 2.
FRANCIS, GEORGE England, fl.1828-42, MIM OIM PHIM 103 Regent Street (1828-29); 93 Berwick Street; both in London. O'Mara; Taylor 2(1851); Nachet.
FRANCIS, JM. USA, c.1820, PHIM Stick Barometer, mahogany = Sack. 13 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa. I. Sack Brochure 29, 10/1/76.
FRANCIS, LAWRENCE C. USA, fl.1844-83, PHIM Barometers = Soth.-PB pre-1980, Atwater Kent Museum and Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, Pa.; Stick Barometer = Philadelphia Maritime Museum, Pa.; Barometer and Thermometer = D.(1957). signed "L.C. Francis." Fetter Lane, Philadelphia, Pa. USNM; RSW.
FRANCISCI D'ESPANA Spain, 1692, MIM Astrolabe, 1692 = ROM. Francisci d'España; ICA-501. Bonelli 4; Price 1; ICA 2; Bedini 12; RSW.
FRANCISCI DI VECTIOSI Italy, 1577, MIM Astrolabe-Quadrant, 1577 = P. and S. 6/18/1894-34 = BMR; Quadrant, 1577 = OXF. P. and S. signed "Opus." Gunther 6; RSW.
FRANCISCUS DE SALUIS Italy, 1682, MIM Drawing Compass, 1682 = ADL-M75. "Franciscus de Saluis Roman. fecit Neap. 1682." Rome; Naples. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
FRANCISCUS DI CREMONA Italy, 1638, MIM Dividers, 1638 = Istituto di Fisico, Padua. Cremona. Italian Inv.
FRANCISCUS DI VITIOLI see Francisci di Vectiosi. Société Belge; Belgian Inv.
FRANCK, CAROLUS Austria, 1732, MIM Horizontal Sundial = ADL-M256; Universal Ring Sundial, 1732 = ADL-DPW45. Zinner and Michel thought he was c.1680. Vienna. Zinner 1; Michel 3; Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
FRANCK, JOHAN FREDERICK 1643, MIM SIM Protractor with sights = SKO; Surveying Instrument Set = SKO; Horizontal Sundial, 1643 = SKO. sundial is for 50° latitude. Price 2; RSW.
FRANCO, CARLO Italy, c.1653, MIM SIM Horizontal Sundial = LIE; Graphometer = X. Milan. Michel 3.
FRANCOIS France, c.1750, MIM Carpenter's Square = ADL-M99. "François." Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
FRANCOIS, A. LE France, MIM Instrument = KEN. "A. Le François." 174 Galerie de Valois, Palais Royal, Paris. RSW.
FRANCOIS, GILBERT France, pre-1767, OIM Microscope, silver = Davila Sale 11/12/1767, Paris. François. Frick Library, New York City; RSW.
FRANK, HEI Germany, c.1830, MIM Diptych Sundial, wood = Lempertz 4/28/61; Diptych Sundial, wood, leather and paper = WHI. only initial of first name can be read on WHI. Bryden 16; RSW.
FRANKE Austria, MIM made various mathematical instruments. Vienna. USNM.
FRANKE, JOHANN FRIDERICH Germany, fl.1640-43, MIM Proportional Compass, 1640 = VIE; Graphometer, 1642 = VIE; Set of Surveying Instruments, 1643 = SKO; Mining Compass = P.C. the 1640 octant also shows the name "Benjamin Bramer"; Franke was the Warden of the Castle and the Commandant of Plassenburg. Plassenburg bi Kulmbach. Zinner 1; Price 2; Michel 3 & 14; RSW.
FRANKEN, JOHANN FRIEDRICH see Johann Friderich Franke.
FRANKHAM AND WILSON England, fl.1856-60, PHIM barometer makers; see Richard and Henry Frankham. London. Goodison 1.
FRANKHAM, RICHARD AND HENRY England, fl.1829-55, PHIM Marine Barometer = Gloucester Museum; Barometer = Soth. 7/15/66. also made thermometers; see Frankham and Wilson. 12 Wilson Street, Grays Inn Road, London. Goodison 1; RSW.
FRANKIN, THOMAS see Thomas Franklyn. J. Brown 1.
FRANKLIN 1 England, 19th Century, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 4/17/86. St. Anne's Place, Manchester. Goodison 1; RSW.
FRANKLIN 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-S 10/19/89. 44 High Street, Bloomsbury. RSW.
FRANKLIN AND CO. England, MIM OIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-S 4/24/87. T.C. N°. 20 St.Ann's Square, Manchester. Calvert 2; RSW.
FRANKLIN, BENJAMIN USA, 1706-90, MIM PHIM Electrical Machine = Library Company, Philadelphia; Lodestone, 1729 with Franklin's name = Soth. 12/8/69. scientist, author, diplomat; he invented many philosophical instruments. Boston, N.E.; Philadelphia, Pa. RSW; etc.
FRANKLYN, THOMAS England, fl.1716-19, MIM member of the Stationers' Company; he took over John Farrer and James Howell as apprentices in 1716 and 1719, respectively, from Joseph Harrison of the Grocers' Company. London. J.Brown 1.
FRANKS, A. England, 19th Century, OIM Microscope, compound binocular = Christie-SK 4/17/86. Manchester, Southport and Hull. RSW.
FRANKS, ABRAHAM England, c.1830, OIM Hick Street, Newcastle-under-Lyme. Taylor 2(1852).
FRANSZ, PIETER Holland, c.1629, MIM Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1; Daumas 1.
FRANZ, JOH. GEORG Germany, fl.1790-1808, MIM Celestial Globes = Eisenach Thüring Museum (1790), Gotha Landsbibliothek (1804), VNL, DEU, Regensburg Hofbibliothek, VIT; Terrestrial Globe, 1808 = NUR. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Globus, Nov. 1954, June 1962.
FRANZ, JOSEPH, S.J. Czechoslovakia, 1756, developed a precision rule in 1756. Czech. Inv.
FRANZ-LX, IORGE Belgium?, 1593, MIM Sundial, 1593 = LIE. Michel 9; Belgian Inv.
FRANZEL, FERD. RUDOLF Germany, 1749, MIM Celestial Globe, 1749 = Schiller's House, Weimar. Zinner 1.
FRANZI, FELIX Holland, 18th Century, PHIM Barometer, walnut = Christie April, 1978. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
FRASCATORO, GIROLAMO Italy, made a Copernican equatorium. North 2.
FRASCOLI, ANTONIO Italy, 1866, PHIM Wheel Barometer, 1866 = Linceo Giulio Beccaria, Milan. Milan. Middleton 1.
FRASER England, fl.1789-1815, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums including sextants, barometers, telescopes, various types of sundials, pedometers, a magnetic compass dated 1789, etc. William Fraser or perhaps his son; see Fraser and Son; "Optician to His Majesty." 3 New Bond Street, London. Taylor 2(835); Goodison 1; Evans 1; Whipple 1; Gunther 6; RSW; G.L'E. Turner 24; Wynter and Turner; Price 3; Ward 4; RSW; Coffeen 14; Bryden 16.
FRASER AND SON England, 1799-1815, MIM PHIM SIM Box Sextant = Christie 2/16/69; Theodolites = D.(1972), Soth. 11/9/70; Stick Barometers = X, Soth. 7/21/87. William Fraser and his son; taken over by Hawks Grice, 1815, and by Edward Dixey in 1817. New Bond Street, London. Taylor 2(835); Goodison 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; Dewhirst; RSW; Clay and Court; Moskowitz 103.
FRASER, A. AND H. England, c.1825, MIM OIM Spyglass, six-draw = Soth. 11/9/70; Sundial = Chriatie-SK 11/19/87. London. RSW.
FRASER, ALEXANDER Scotland, fl.1840-70, MIM Garden Sundial, 1840, stone = Bredisholm. sundial maker; mason. Gatty; Somerville.
FRASER, J.G. England, owner; "J.G. Fraser, R.N." marked on a sextant in the Frank Coll. RSW.
FRASER, JOHN England, c.1681, MIM Equatorial Sundial = SPI-2818. apprenticed to Edward Eyston in the Clockmakers' Company, 1681. London. Taylor 1(528); Michel 3; Ernst; Evans 1; Britten; RSW.
FRASER, W.M. England, c.1775, MIM sold Wright's celestial globes; probably a misreading for Wm. Fraser. New Bond Street, London. Soth. 11/20/70.
FRASER, WILLIAM England, fl.1785-1815, MIM OIM Spyglass = KEN; Balance = Wallington Museum, Northumberland; Hodometer = Chelsea Fair (1973); Air Pump = P.C.; Level = X; Circular Slide Rule = P.C. T.C.; instrument maker to King George III; "Optical and Mathematical Instrument Maker to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales"; see "Fraser" and "Fraser and Son." Ferguson's Head, 3 New Bond Street; 31 New Bond Street; both in London. Taylor 2(835); Dewhirst; Clay and Court; Crawforth 1; RSW; Moskowitz 103; Delehar 9.
FRASSY England? France?, c. 1850, MIM Sector, wood = ADL-M498. in centimeters. ADL; RSW.
FRAUENHOFER, JOSEPH VON Germany, 1787-1826, OIM Telescopes = STT, VIT, DRE; Spectroscope = DRE; Transit = STT. made the most important telescopes of his era; joined Reichenbach and Liebherr in 1807; firm was Reichenbach, Utzschneider und Liebherr, 1807-14; was Utzschneider und Liebherr 1814-24; was Utzschneider und Frauenhofer, 1824-26; Frauenhofer built his own optical glass factory in Benedictbeuren Stift; his greatest contributions were in the field of spectroscopy. Munich; Benedictbeiren. Daumas 1; Nachet; Drechsler 2; Pipping 1 & 2; G.L'E. Turner 24; Repsold; RSW; J.A. Bennett 2.
FRAZER 1 England, fl.1785-88, MIM Pedometers = CLO, P.C. might be William Fraser. London. Baillie 1; RSW.
FRAZER 2 England, c.1800, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth.-Sussex 9/18/86. London. RSW.
FRAZER, WILLIAM England, c.1825, OIM 94 Wardour Street, London. Taylor 2(1557).
FREAUN, A.R. France, 1842, MIM Celestial Globe, 1842 = MAN-I164. Paris. Garcia Fraanco 1.
FRECOT France, c.1780, PHIM Barometer = Museum of Natural History, Paris. Frécot. 89 rue de la Harpe, Paris. Daumas 1.
FREDENSBURG, C. Germany, this entry does not appear in Zinner, although the entry "B.E." says "see C. Fredensburg." Zinner 1.
FREEMAN England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X. 25 Great Warner Street, Clerkenwell, London. Goodison 1.
FREEMAN AND NEW England, PHIM T.C.; scalemakers. Leadenhall Street, London. Calvert 2.
FREEMAN, HENRY England, fl.1817-38, MIM OIM PHIM Taylor 2(1336a).
FREEMAN, HENRY WILLIAM England, fl.1828-40, MIM 3 Curtain Road (1828-29); 3 New Inn Yard, Curtain Road (1840); both in London. O'Mara; Crawforth 6.
FREEMAN, S. England, c.1900, Water Clock, 1642 = MYS. surely modern, by Birmingham firm. Gloucester. RSW.
FREEMAN, T.G. England, NIM Sextant = Soth. 6/8/70. RSW.
FREEMAN, THOMAS England, c.1698, MIM apprenticed to Cornelius Harbert of the Clockmakers' Company on Sept. 6, 1686; turned over to Thomas Meades, also of the Clockmakers' Company; free of the Company, July 4, 1698. London. J. Brown 3.
FREER, JOHN England, 1646, MIM Garden Sundial, 1642 = D.(1979). London. RSW.
FREMINVILLE France, c.1790, OIM Telescope, wood = A-P 3/15/76. Fréminville; made telescopes for the army. rue du Bacq, No. 628; Gros Caillou (c.1790); both in Paris. Daumas 1; RSW.
FREMOY, C.G. DU Austria, 18th Century, MIM Equatorial Clock, geared = SLM. also signed "Frenoy." Salzburg. Evans 1.
FRENCH, JAMES England; USA, 1788, NIM Davis Quadrant, 1788 = MYS. brother of Samuel French; may have been owner. Providence, R.I. USNM; Price 2; D.J. Warner 8; RSW.
FRENCH, SAMUEL c.1788, brother of James French. RSW.
FRENCH, SANTIAGO JAMES MOORE England, fl.1810-44, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X; Stick Barometer = X. instruments signed "French Royal Exchange." 14-15 Sweetings Alley, Royal Exchange (1822-39); 80 Cornhill (1840-44); both in London. Goodison 1.
FRENOY see Fremoy.
FRERSZ, JOHANN EGGERICH Germany, 1666, MIM SIM Case of Instruments, 1666 = KAS; Theodolite = BER; Cicumferentor = KAS. Zinner thought him Frers; may be same as Johann Eggerich, which see. Gottigen; Cologne. Zinner 1; RSW.
FRESNEL, AUGUSTIN JEAN France, 1788-1827, developed new microscopes; invented a special lens for lighthouse lamps; author. Nachet; G.L'E. Turner 24.
FREY, FRANZ 1757, MIM Sundial, square, 1757 = P. and S. 6/8/1894. RSW.
FREY, MARTIN Germany, c.1590, MIM the inscription, "Martin Frey Regenpure 1590", appears on a universal equinoctial hanging sundial c.1480 at OXF. Regensburg. Maddison 6; Evans 1; Gunther 1 and 6.
FRIC, JOSE AND JAN Czechoslovakia, c.1850, MIM SIM Theodolite = MOS. Prague. Novokshanova-Soklovskaja; Hynie.
FRIED, GEY see Seyfried. Bonelli 1.
FRIEDRICH Germany, MIM SIM Circumferentor = P. and S. 4/3/1894; Alidades = P. and S. 11/12/1894(2). Evans 1 listed him as Friedrichy. Berlin. Evans 1; RSW.
FRIEHER, JOH. GEORG Germany, c.1600, MIM SIM Surveying Instrument = LUN. Zinner 1.
FRIEND England, c.1850, MIM River Current Meter = P.C.; Depth Sounder, No. 322 = D.(1987). sounder marked "Patentee." Southampton. Coffeen 15; RSW.
FRIES, A. Italy, OIM Telescope = Christie 12/16/69. "Ottica." RSW.
FRIES, FREDERIC Holland, fl.1791-92, PHIM made philosophical instruments for van Marum. Haarlem. G.L'E. Turner 7 and 24.
FRIESE, H. Germany, 18th Century, MIM Sundial, wood = BEK. Berlin. Evans 1.
FRIESSFELDT, HANS Germany, c.1555, MIM Diptych Sundial = Liegnitz Stadtmuseum. compass maker; Master in 1555; sundial signed "HANS FR__ NFELT NERMBERG FACIEBAT"; Zinner spelt him as Frueinsfeldt. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Gouk 1.
FRIEZ, JULIEN P., AND SON USA, c.1900, MIM Compass, with sights = Michigan Historical Society, Lansing, Mich. also marked "Delagrave et Cie. Editeur, Paris." Belfort Observatory, Baltimore, Md. RSW.
FRIGERIO, G. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 2/28/80. may be same as J. Frigerio. 281 High Holborn, London. RSW.
FRIGERIO, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. London. Goodison 1.
FRISI, GEO. L. Italy, 1794, MIM Quadrant, ivory, 1794 = OXF. latitude 45°28'. Evans 1; Gunther 2.
FRISIUS, GEMMA Gemma Frisius (Gemma of Friesland). RSW.
FRISIUS, NEPOS GEMMAE see Gualterus Arsenius, nephew of Gemma Frisius. USNM; RSW; van Ortroy 2.
FRIST 1578, MIM Polyhedral Sundial, 1578 = MUN. "Frist, Kurlze dout ewigist Bedenck das end zeit laub't behend." RSW.
FRISY see Gemma Frisius.
FRITH England, post-1826, OIM Telescope, two-draw = FRK-T134. see Peter Frith and Co. London. Frank.
FRITH, PETER England, fl.1820-62, OIM Microscope, drum = D.(1986). signed "P. Frith." London. Coffeen 13.
FRITH, PETER, AND CO. England, fl.1820-c.66, MIM OIM SIM Telescope, post-1826 = PEA. also made microscopes; T.C. Sheffield; 28 Cursitor Street (1826); 5 Bartlett's Buildings, Holborn (1866), factory; both in London. Taylor 2(1557a); Brewington 1; USNM; Calvert 2; Coffeen 13.
FRITZ, KARL Germany, c.1750, PHIM Steelyard = USNM. Bonn. USNM.
FROBERG, SVEN Sweden, 1782, MIM Fröberg. Uppsala. Sidenbladh.
FRODSHAM England, 19th Century, MIM Map Measurer = KEN. Kingsgate Street, Red Lion Square, London. KEN.
FRODSHAM AND BAKER England, fl.1809-49, PHIM John Frodsham and Baker. Kingsgate Street (1809-23); 33 Gracechurch Street (1823-); both in London. Britten.
FRODSHAM AND KEEN England, c.1840, MIM NIM Sextant = Soth. 6/16/75. T.C.; chronometer and watch makers. 9 St. George Crescent; 17 South Castle Street and East Side Salthouse Dock; all in Liverpool. Brewington 1.
FRODSHAM, CHARLES England, 1811-70, MIM PHIM Barometer = K. and C. 5/14/75. apprenticed to his father, William James Frodsham, in the Clockmakers' Company; free of the Company in 1845; F.R.S.; successor to Arnold (1843) and to B.L. Vulliamy (1854); brother of John and Henry Frodsham. London. Poggendorff; USNM; Pipping 1; Britten; Clifton 1.
FRODSHAM, G. England, 19th Century, PHIM Stick Barometers = X and K.and C. 5/14/75. 84 Strand, London. Goodison 1; RSW.
FRODSHAM, HENRY, JR. England, fl.1835-56, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Telescope = MYS; Octant = WHI; Stick Barometers = Soth. 2/19/87, VNN; Marine Barometer = NOR; Sympiesometer = D.(1961); Sextants = D.(1976), D.(1997). his instruments are often signed "H.Frodsham"; brother of Charles and John Frodsham. 38 Castle Street, Liverpool; Change Alley, Cornhill, London. Taylor 2(1558); Price 2; Bryden 9; Clifton 1; Coffeen 56.
FRODSHAM, JOHN England, 1785-1849, PHIM Wheel Barometer =X. member of the Clockmakers' company, 1822; livery of the company in 1830; partner with Baker, 1809-49 as Frodsham and Baker. Kingsgate Street (1809-23); 33 Gracechurch Street (1823-); both in London. Goodison 1; Baillie 1; Britten.
FRODSHAM, WILLIAM JAMES England, fl.1800-38, MIM OIM see Parkinson and Frodsham. Taylor 2(1403).
FROGGATT, SAMUEL England, fl.1827-46, MIM OIM PHIM still listed as "Optician" in the 1846 Directory. 14 Kirby Street, Hatton Garden (1822-29); 27 Bridgehouse Place, Newington Causeway and 13 Charterhouse (1840); all in London. Taylor 2(1559); O'Mara.
FROGGATT, THOMAS England, fl.1822-30, OIM Walkmile, Pickle; Savile Street; both in Sheffield. Taylor 2(1560).
FROLANDER, ANDERS Sweden, b.1733, MIM Frölander was apprenticed to J.Z. Steinholtz in 1760. Pipping 1.
FROMENT, PAUL GUSTAVE France, 1815-64, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Microscope = BIL; Surveying Instrument, 1850 = P.C.; Electrical Machine = D.; Marine Compass = D. student at the Ecole Polytechnique, Paris (1835-37); showed in the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London. 5 rue Ménil/Montant, Paris. Poggendorff; USNM; G.L'E. Turner 24; Brieux 2; Purtle; Paris-1900; J.A.Bennett 2.
FROMOND 1784, OIM Microscope, small, 1784 = Liceo Ginnasio D. Manin, Cremona. Italian Inv.
FROST England, c.1777, MIM rule maker; may be W. Frost. Great Charles Street, Birmingham. Bryden 9.
FROST AND ADAMS USA, 1835-1935, MIM SIM Transit-Level = P.C. founded in 1835; incorporated in 1895; the Makepeace Company bought Frost and Adams in 1931; artists' supplies; sold surveying instruments under the name of Frost and Adams; successors to Whipple; see Frost and Adams Co; the transit-level was marked "Yankee No. 155." Boston, Mass. Smart 1 and 2; Bedini 6; RSW.
FROST AND ADAMS CO. USA, MIM Rule, wood = ADL-W119. see Frost and Adams. Boston, Mass. ADL; RSW.
FROST AND WITHNOLL England, fl.1767-70, MIM W. Frost and T. Withnoll; successors to Wood and Lort; rule makers; authors. Litchfield Street (1767); 14 Litchfield Street (1770); both in Birmingham. Bryden 9; Taylor 2(591).
FROST BROS. England, c.1850, MIM Rope-maker's Gauge = OXF. patent rope-makers. London. RSW.
FROST, NOAKES AND CO. England, PHIM Frost, J. Noakes and Co. Goodison 1.
FROST, W. see Frost and Withnoll. Taylor 2(591).
FROTHERINGHAM, SAMUEL England, d.1745, invented a metallic thermometer. Holbeach, Elloe Holland, Lincolnshire. Chaldecott 2; Britton.
FROWD England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Hemel Hempstead. Goodison 1.
FRUEINSFELDT, HANS see Hans Friessfeldt. Zinner 1; Gouk 1.
FRUTOLF Germany, d.1103, MIM Benedictine monk; made sundials. Bamberg. Zinner 1.
FRY, J. England, 1742, MIM Slide Rule, boxwood, 1742 = Soth. 2/2/76. in the Old Bailey, London. RSW.
FRYE AND SHAW USA, fl.1837-45, MIM NIM PHIM SIM Marine Barometer = MYS; Stick Barometer = John C. Freeman (1845); Marine Compasses = PMS, D.(1983); Octants = P.C.(2); Surveying Compasses = Huntington Historical Society, N.Y., D.(1935), Skinner 6/28/83; Theodolite = P.C. (1987). Addington D. Frye and Robert Ludlow Shaw; USNM entry says that Huntington instrument is dated 1780. 222 Water Street, New York, N.Y. USNM; Smart 1; Coffeen D; Hague; Warner 12; RSW.
FRYE, ADDINGTON D. USA, fl.1836-48, MIM NIM see Frye and Shaw. 222 Water Street (1836-37); 33 Pike (1844-48); both in New York, N.Y. Smart 1.
FRYE, JOSEPH USA, 1712-94, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = USNM. this instrument was used by Frye and may have been made by him. Fryeburg, Me. Smart 1; Bedini 8.
FUCHS Germany, 1577, MIM Astrolabe, 1577 = Gillingham Coll. = P.C. ICA-273; for 50° latitude. Zinner 1; Price 1; ICA 2; Michel 3; RSW.
FUCHS, M. Germany, c.1817, PHIM Barometer = DRE; Electrical Machine, 1817 = DRE. Leipzig. Drechsler; RSW.
FUCHS, M.C.B. Germany, 18th Century, MIM Celestial Globe = MUN. Zinner 1.
FUCHS, THOMAS Germany; Sweden, fl.1706-45, MIM Gunner's Scale, 1706 = STT. Uppsala. Pipping 1 & 2.
FUGGER Germany, MIM Pillar Sundial, "rock crystal" and silver, 1560 = TIM. the sundial has a parchment calendar inside; the instrument may not be as old as the marked date would indicate. RSW.
FUHRMANN, ELIAS ADAM Germany, 1750, MIM Sundial, stone, 1750 = P. & S. 11/21/1894. Evans 1.
FULBY, P. Germany, NIM Octant = De Young Museum, San Francisco, Ca. probably D. Filby. Hamburg. USNM.
FULIGATTI, GIULIO Italy, c.1617, MIM S.J.; designed sundials; author of "De gli Horivoli a sole", dedicated to Don Cosmo II Gran Duca di Toscana IIII, Ferrara, 1617. Cesena. RSW.
FULLER 1 England, c.1820, OIM made a microscope in the form of a book. Norwich. Taylor 2(1561); Nachet; Clay and Court.
FULLER 2 England, PHIM see Caltenback, Fuller and Co. 77 Blackman Street, Borough, London. RSW.
FULLER, J. England, MIM Level = Soth. 7/15/63. Ipswich. RSW.
FULLER, JOHN E. USA, fl.1845-47, MIM Time Telegraph, with Calculator, 1845 = WHI; Circular Slide Rule, Palmer-Type = P.C. invented a circular slide rule, "The Time Telegraph" to figure the number of days between any two dates; patented in 1845; bought out Aaron Palmer and improved Palmer's slide rule by adding his rule to the back of the instrument in 1847; Delehar thought he was George Fuller. Boston, Mass. G.L'E. Turner 24; Delehar 9; RSW.
FULLER, JOSEPH England, fl.1832-34, MIM PHIM 2 St.James' Walk, Clerkenwell, London. Taylor 2(1856); O'Mara.
FULLER, MR. England, fl.1678-85, MIM invented "a little Cross-Staff." A.J. Turner 1 & 2.
FULLER, SAMUEL Ireland, c.1732, wrote a book on globes. Dublin. Clay and Court.
FULLONE see Foullon.
FULLWOOD, BARBON England, c.1785, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 3/7/75. Holborn, London. RSW.
FULTON, J. USA, MIM Garden Sundial = Atwater Kent Museum, Phiadelphia, Pa. RSW.
FULTON, J.L., AND CO. USA, PHIM Scale, beam = Soth.-PB pre-1980. New York, N.Y. RSW.
FUNCK, CHRISTLIEB BENEDICT Germany, 1736-87, MIM Globe, paper covered, 1780 = SLM; Terrestrial Globe, 1785 = DRE. Christlieb Benedict Funck von Hartenstein, professor of physics. Leipzig. Grötzsch 1; RSW.
FUNCK, JOH. MICHAEL Germany, 1725, MIM Diptych Sundial, cardboard, 1725 = BAU. Erfurt. Zinner 1.
FUNCKLER, F.W. Holland, fl.1849-60, PHIM Aneroid Barometer = TEY. won a gold prize at the 1849 Paris Exposition; see Logeman en Funckler. Haarlem. G.L'E. Turner 7 and 24.
FURLANIS, PAULUS DE Italy, c.1590, MIM Terrestrial Globe, silver = WHI. map maker; sometimes signed "Paolo Forlani"; engraved plate of quadrant for Fabritio Mordente's book. Verona. Whipple 1; O. Brown 3; Woodward 1; RSW.
FURST, PAULUS Germany, c.1622, engraving of an astrolabe signed "M. Francisci Ritteri Noribergensis Paulus Fürst excudit" = OXF (Gunther 288); Fürst also designed a horizontal sundial. Nürnberg. Price 1; Gunther 1; Lunardi.
FURSTALLER, JOSEF JAKOB Austria, 1730-75, MIM Terrestrial Globe = Studienbibliothek, Salzburg. Fürstaller. Bramberg and Salzberg. Globus, Oct. 1953, Nov. 1954, Dec. 1956, June 1963.
FURSTLE Fürstle; see Johann Paul Kraus. Zinner 1.
FURTENBACH, MARTIN Germany, 1535, MIM Armillary Sphere, 1535 = Raymond Fugger (1535). Zinner 1.
FURTTENBACH, JOSEPH Germany, pre-1771, MIM Fürttenbach; invented and made skaphe sundials (drawing). Portaluppi; Nedoluha.
FUSARIUS, FRANCISCUS Italy, 1637-1638, MIM Sectors = OXF (1638), ADL SD-2 (1637). ADL one (viewed by RSW in P.C. 1977) is Guidobaldo-type; OXF has steel points. Cremona. Evans 1; RSW.
FUSELLI Italy, NIM Compass in gimbals = D.(1976). Genoa. RSW.
FUSORIS, JOHANNE France, c.1365-1436, MIM Astrolabes = OXF (ICA-192, 194, 196), CNAM-19544, NOR, BAR, GIL, DPW (ICA-193b), RSM-1947/27, ADL-M27 (ICA-199), FIN (ICA-193) = Landau = ADL-W264, ANM (ICA-460), BRS (ICA-568), NMM (ICA-337), University of Wroclaw, D.(1993); Mars plate for Equatorium, 1400, = P.C. Fusoris astrolabes, though not signed, are so well documented by Poulle that identification is certain. Giraumont; Paris. Poulle 1 & 6; Michel 2; Price 1; Gunther 1; Simoni; Polish Inv.; A.J. Turner 10; DSB; Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
FUSS, NICHOLAS Germany, c.1774, designed a microscope. Nachet.
FUSSEN Germany, Füssen. Bobinger 5.
FUSSES, NIZZAER Germany, c.1600, MIM Rule = DRE. Nürnberg. Drechsler.
FUTTEL, THOMAS see Thomas Tuttell. Daumas 1.
FYFE, S.H. Scotland, NIM Compass in gimbals = FRK-N3 = RSM. Glasgow. Frank; Clarke et al.
FYOT, F.M. England, c.1785, invented a "cyclometer" and a graphometer. 33 Compton Street, Soho, London. Taylor 2(836).

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