Webster Signature Database Search Results

Important note: Most of these instruments are not in the Adler collection (which you can find more information about here). We know nothing about them beyond the information returned by searching this database. You may be able to learn more by contacting the institutions in the "Instruments" column, or by consulting the "References" listed.

Your search for all signatures yielded 14946 entries. Displaying entries 1–14946.
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Signature Maker Info Instruments Comments Location References
A* Spain?, c.1600, NIM Mariner's Astrolabe = OXF. the star is above the "A"; ICA-319, Waters No. 6, NMM No. 6; known as the Vera Cruz Astrolabe. Price 1, 2, 4; Waters 1; ICA 2; Stimson 3.
A. 1 1597, NIM Nocturnal, 1597 = POB. RSW.
A. 2 Belgium?, this mark, which could stand for `anno', appears on an astronomical ring signed "Succa", which see; the ring is also marked "C.A.B." and "I.A.D." RSW.
A. 3 England, c.1830, NIM "A" with foul anchor on ivory scale of Hadley's quadrant at PEA. Brewington 1.
A. 4 Germany?MIM Three-legged Dividers = ADL-M72. stamped inside one leg. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
A. 5 this mark appears on a quadrant signed "H." (2), which see. RSW.
A. AND N. / C.S.L. England, c.1850, MIM PHIM SIM Surveyor's Level = Christie 10/31/67-55; Stick Barometer = Soth.-S 10/19/89. RSW.
A.A.S. Germany?, MIM Diptych Sundial = NOR. also marked "I.H.S." and "$". RSW.
A.B. 1 Italy, c.1564, MIM SIM Surveying Sector = FLO-2514. Antonio Bianchini. Bonelli 1.
A.B. 2 Germany, 1567-73, MIM wood-cut of a full pillar dial, 1567, and sketch of an instrument showing planetary hours, 1573; both in the Munich Staatsbibliothek; see Jacques Le Tellier. Zinner 1.
A.B. 3 Germany, MIM Andreas Becker? Abraham Bloch? Zinner 1.
A.B. 4 Sweden, MIM Sundial = NOR. time and year's age. RSW.
A.B. 5 marked on bottom of ivory pillar sundial signed "Jacques Le Tellier"; see A.B. 2. RSW.
A.B.S.C. 1599, MIM Artillery Level, 1599 = Roussel-216 = Rosenheim-393 = Findlay-128. grotesque mask as decoration; Roussel mentioned leather case; Rosenheim's signed "AB.SC."; Findlay's signed "AB.SC." and marked "IMS." Michel 3; Price 2; RSW.
A.B.T.C.D. on horizontal sundial signed "Edward Low 1763" at MYS. RSW.
A.B.V.A. 17th Century, MIM Perpetual Calendar = UTR. RSW.
A.D. 1 Italy, 1553, MIM Sundial, 1553 = FLO-178. Naples. Michel 3; Price 2.
A.D. 2 1604, MIM Analemmatic Sundial, 1604 = MERC-6 = McVitty Coll. Hamilton 1 and 2.
A.D. 3 England?, 1616, MIM Horary Quadrant, 1616 = Soth. 4/18/88. RSW.
A.D. 4 MIM Astrolabe = WHI-1462. probably a ghost; Bryden did not list it in his catalogue and it does not appear in ICA 2 or Gunther 1. Price 2; RSW.
A.D. 5 c.1900, Inclinable Sundial = ADL-T14. modern work, made by D.B. Sheahan to look like the work of Albrecht Durer. Fox 2; Tomlinson 1; ADL; RSW.
A.D. 6 Anno Domini.
A.D.C. Belgium, 1639, MIM Full Circle, 1639 = ANM. Antwerp. Belgian Inventory.
A.D.G. Holland, 17th Century, MIM Perpetual Calendar = Gold, Silver and Clock Museum, Utrecht. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
A.D.G. A.A. Austria, 1734, MIM Horizontal Pin-Gnomon Sundial, 1734 = BM. probably `Ad Dei Gloriam. Admonti Abbas'; Anton von Mänersperg was Abbot of Admont, 1727-51. Admont, Styria. Price 3; Ward 4.
A.E. 1 Germany, c.1650, MIM String-gnomon Sundial = Huelsmann Coll. Syndram.
A.E. 2 USA?, 1790, MIM SIM Graphometer, wood and brass, 1790 = Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison. may have been made and used by Andrew Ellicott. Bedini 8.
A.E.G.G. 1681, MIM Universal Ring Sundial, 1681 = SLM. RSW.
A.E.I.O.U. Austria, 1438-58, MIM Horary Quadrant, ivory, 1438 = VIE-166; Sundial, string gnomon, glass, 1458 = INN. cipher of Hapsburg Emperor Fredrick III; INN dial is glass window from Weiner Neustadt. Vienna. Zinner 1 (p. 608); Maurice 1.
A.F. 1 Germany, 17th Century, MIM Architect's Rule = OXF. RSW.
A.F. 2 Germany, 1758, MIM Diptych Sundial, wood, 1758 = POTS. Körber 1.
A.G. 1 France, c.1650, OIM Telescope, terrestrial, vellum = ADL-M422. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
A.G. 2 France, 1843, MIM Wall Dial, 1843 = house at Pré-St.-Didier. Pré-St.-Didier. Berton.
A.G. 3 marked on artillery level, 1688, signed "M.K." 5. Syndram; RSW.
A.G.B.S. 1713, MIM Sandglass, quadruple, in wooden frame, 1713 = Koller 11/17/75. RSW.
A.G.K. 1730, MIM Measure, wood, 1730 = Rosenheim-333. inlaid woods. Price 2; RSW.
A.H. 1 see Ao. H. RSW.
A.H. 2 Holland, c.1825, MIM "A.H." is marked on the gimbals of a bearing compass signed "A.K. Lummen?" Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
A.H.Z.S. Germany, 1569, MIM Magnetic Compass, 1569 = DRE. Drechsler 2.
A.I. 1 Germany, 1696, MIM Astrolabe with Roias projection, 1696 = DEU. Price 2.
A.I. 2 Holland, 17th Century, these initials are marked on an Arsenius-type astrolabe at the HAK; the label reads Albert VII [?]. RSW.
A.K. 1 Denmark, NIM Compass = KRO. Zeeland. RSW.
A.K. 2 MIM Horary Quadrant = Soth. 12/19/66-14. USNM; RSW.
A.K. 3 Germany?, MIM Bow Compass, brass on wood = ADL-M92. signed "A" on one leg and "K" on the other; points missing. ADL; Engelmann 1; RSW.
A.K. 4 Holland, c.1787, NIM Compass, wood = RIJ. also marked in 1787 crown compass signed "Ignatius Lega" and in 1799 crown compass signed "Ignatius and Gerard Petrus R. Lega." Rotterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 1 and 2.
A.L. 1 Germany, c.1600, MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory = NAC. Augsburg. Nachet; RSW.
A.L. 2 Anthony Lamb ?; the initials are marked on the sight vane of a backstaff by William Guyse Hagger. D.J. Warner 8.
A.L. 3 Italy?, c.1800, marked on sundial by Felice Gori at FLO. Bonelli 9; RSW.
A.M. 1 1550, MIM Astrolabe, 1550 = BAM. ICA-3201. Zinner 1; Michel 2; ICA 2.
A.M. 2 1576, MIM Diptych Dial, hour scale only, 1576 = UTR. for latitudes 45°, 48°, and 51°; has Italian hours. Zinner 1; de Rijk.
A.M. 3 Germany, MIM Augsburg-type Sundial = KEN. Augsburg. RSW.
A.M. 4 on miners' compasses; Abend and Morgen = afternoon and morning = west and east. Michel 3.
A.M. 5 Germany, Andreas Mar? Zinner 1.
A.M. 6 ring sundial signed "C.I.K." over "A.M." RSW.
A.M.D.G. "Ad majorem Dei gloriam" = "To the greater glory of God."
A.M.H. 1749, MIM Table Sundial, 1749 = NOR. RSW.
A.M.S. 1834, MIM Sandglass, 1834 = OMM. RSW.
A.O. England, 1556, MIM Garden Sundial, round, 1556 = National Museum of Wales, Cardiff. Penbryn, Cardigan. Peate.
A.O.S. 1682, MIM Gunter's Quadrant, 1682 = NMM-Q.1. Sutton (?)-Caird Cat. Hill; NMM 2.
A.P. 1 England, c.1560, owner's initials on ring sundial signed "E.E." at OXF, c. 1560. Earle; RSW.
A.P. 2 Germany, fl.1590-1607, MIM Table Sundials, stone, 1601 = HAK and BM; Calendar Plate, stone, 1607 = GRA. possibly Andreas Plieninger, which see; BM dial also marked "Marcus Curtius." Zinner 1; Price 3; Ward 4; RSW.
A.P. 3 MIM possibly Andreas Plieninger. Zinner 1.
A.P.S. 1784, MIM Quadrant, wood, 1784 = NOR. sliding scale. RSW.
A.R. 1 c.1590, MIM Wire Gauge, iron and brass = OXF. RSW.
A.R. 2 France, c.1670, MIM Celestial Globe = Strozzi Sale-380. Abraham Royer? Hamilton 1 and 2.
A.R. 3 fl.1754-81, MIM Zappeck-type Sundials = Greppin Coll. (1754), GRA (1768), PRZ (1781). Przypkowski 3; RSW.
A.R.D. see Olisipone. RSW.
A.R.K.L.O. MIM Rule = Christie-SK 11/27/86. the A.R.K.L.O. is surmounted by a crown. RSW.
A.R.N. France, c.1580, MIM Astrolabe, geographical = OXF. ICA-209. Gunther 1; Michel 2; Price 1; ICA 2.
A.S. 1 Germany, 1573, MIM Capuchin Sundial, 1573 = GEM. the sundial is for 49° lat.; Alexis Schniep ? Archinard 1.
A.S. 2 Germany, c.1590, MIM Table Sundial, powder-horn mark = Halle Stadt Museum; Standing Clock = KAS. Zinner 1.
A.S. 3 Germany, 1677, MIM SIM Surveyor's Level, 1677 = OXF. has a sighting tube; Andreas Sachse of Clausthal ? Zinner 1; Evans 1.
A.S. 4 England, Abraham Sharp (1651-1742)? or Ann Shepard (fl.1676)? Taylor 1(361, 395); Evans 1.
A.S.B. 18th Century, MIM Pedometer = X. Pipping 1.
A.S.M. 1 Germany?, 1670, MIM Mining Instrument, 1670 = FRE. also marked "Elias Eichler, B.M.", (burgomeister). Price 2.
A.S.M. 2 Germany, 1694, MIM Horizontal Sundial, compass, 1694 = NOR. probably for use with a surveying instrument. Zinner 1.
A.S.O.M. MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory = CLU. in spectacle case. RSW.
A.S.S. 1566, MIM Runic Calendar, wood, 1566 = Bibliothèque St. Geneviève, Paris. Journal of Suomen Museo, Helsinki, LIX, 1952.
A.V. MIM Rule = P.C. RSW.
A.V.C. 1765, MIM Garden Sundial, lead, 1765 = LIE. Price 2.
A.V.P. Holland, 1805, MIM Declinatory, 1805 = WHI. an instrument to lay out mural sundials. Bryden 16.
A.W. 1 England, c.1640-50, MIM Horary Quadrants = WHI(FIT) (1639), NMM-Q.4 (1640); Terrestrial Globe, silver, 1652 = Weil. the WHI and NMM quadrants have de Roias projections on the reverse; they could be by Andrew Wakely, Abraham Washington or Abraham Watlington; Bryden attributes them to Watlington as they are so similar to a signed instrument in the BM. London. Michel 3; Hill; Price 2 and 3; Ward 4; Zinner 1; Weil 2(17); Taylor 1(169) & 1(214a); Bryden 16; RSW.
A.W. 2 c.1700, MIM Proportional Dividers = DEU. RSW.
A.Y. England, c.1750, PHIM Balance, steel = Soth. 4/18/88. the initials are stamped on the circular pan under a heart. RSW.
A.Z. Germany, 1583, MIM Diptych Sundial, wood and ivory, 1583 = Soth. 11/27/72 = D.(1973) = TIM = Christie-SK 4/14/88. miner's compass marked "M.A." (morgen, abend); has two sets of rings; sundial set at slight angle to line up with compass needle when it points to red dot east of south. Wynter 1; RSW.
AAGER, M. Germany, MIM Universal Compass Sundial, small, silver case = KEN. probably M. Hager. Chaldecott 1.
AAKEN, VAN see van Aken.
AB.SC. Germany?, 1599, MIM see A.B.S.C. RSW.
ABATTE, J. 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. possibly J. Abatte 2. Goodison 1.
ABATTE, J. 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. see J. Abatte 1. Peterborough. Goodison 1.
ABATTI England, see Noretti and Abatti. Goodison 1.
ABBAS, GOTTFRIDUS Germany, 1516, MIM Garden Sundial, stone, 1516 = Fränkel Coll. = P.C. also marked "G.A.Z.N." Baillie 1; N.N. Fränkel Sale, Dusseldorf, 1913; RSW.
ABBATI, B. Italy, 1659, MIM Astrolabe, 1659 = FLO-243. ICA-488; may be owner; Bernardo Abbati. Bonelli 2; Price 1; ICA 2.
ABBOT England, c.1676, MIM made proportional compasses (?) for Robert Hooke and others. London. Taylor 1(389); Dewhirst; Evans 1.
ABBOT, C. see Charles Abbott. Taylor 2(791); Dewhirst.
ABBOT, RICHARD England, b. c.1654, MIM turned over as an appentice to Hilkiah Bedford of the Clockmakers' Company on June 1, 1668; served as an apprentice until 1675, but not freed; he may be the instrument maker consulted by Robert Hooke. J. Brown 3; Taylor 1(389); A.J. Turner 9; Loomes 2.
ABBOTT, AMOS USA, c.1850, MIM Horometer = X. a type of planisphere invented by Abbott and shown at Fair of American Institute, New York. Manchester, New Hampshire. Scientific American, 6:34, 1850; USNM.
ABBOTT, CHARLES England, fl.1801-27, OIM apprenticed in the Spectaclemakers' Company in 1794; free of the Company on Nov. 17, 1801; Taylor thought he fl.1780-1827. 6 Noble Street, Forster Lane; Angel Court at Skinners Street, Snowhill; both in London. Taylor 2(791); Dewhirst; Court and von Rohr 3(231); Crawforth 11.
ABBOTT, W. England, 19th Century, PHIM Money Scale = Melun 4/24/83. RSW.
ABBOTT, WILLIAM USA, c.1874, MIM made scientific instruments. Henniker, NH. DATM
ABEL, THOMAS England, fl.1838-41, PHIM made or sold barometers and thermometers. 55 Ray Street, Clerkenwell, London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(2058).
ABEND, HANS LONHART Germany, c.1707, PHIM Nest of Weights = D.(1981). mark is stork within shield and initials L.A.; Hans Lönhart Abend. Nürnberg. Moskowitz Cat. 122.
ABLE, PETER Germany?, 16th to 17th Centuries, MIM Horizontal Sundial, ivory = INN. Zinner 1.
ABOAB, MORDECHAI SEMAH Holland, c.1750, there are two sundials with this name but it is probable that he was the owner. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1; Schuhmann; MADEX; Mörzer Bruyns 2.
ABRAHAM 1 England, 1818, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Surveyor's Level = Phillips 2/2/84; Stick Barometers = X, Christie 5/5/83; Sundial = NMM-D.215; Wheel Barometer = X; Terrestrial Globe, miniature, case = Chicago Historical Society; Compass Sundials = Cooke's Shop, CMY, WHI-1670; Telescopes = D.(1984), London Nat'l Army Museum; Spyglass = Soth. 12/3/76; Telescope in cane = SNO; Microscopes = D.(1977), London Museum of the Pharmaceutical Soc. probably Jacob Abraham; optician. Bath. Taylor 2(1068); Goodison 1; NMM 2; Bryden 9; RSW; Moskowitz Cat. 114; Coffeen F; Bryden 16.
ABRAHAM 2 England, OIM Telescope with tripod = D.(1967). London. F. Roux-Devillas Cat. 1967; USNM.
ABRAHAM 3 England, c.1800, PHIM Stick Barometer = D.(1978). "Optician"; may be Abrahams, which see. Exeter. RSW.
ABRAHAM 4 England, OIM T.C.; optician; probably Jacob Abraham. Corner of an opening into Old Well Lane near Queen's Circus, Cheltenham. Calvert 2.
ABRAHAM AND CO. England, c.1850, PHIM Stick Barometer = Christie's 2/19/97. 20 Lord Street, Liverpool. RSW.
ABRAHAM AND CO. 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. probably Jacob Abraham; see Abraham 1. Bath. Goodison 1.
ABRAHAM AND CO. 2 England, fl.1818-51, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Monocular Microscope = Soth.-West Sussex 10/18/83; Stick Barometers = Soth. 5/21/73, Soth-S 10/19/89; Telescope = Lancaster City Museum. Abraham Abraham and Co.; had second shop in Glasgow as A. Abraham and Co., which see; opticians; succeeded by G.S. Wood; T.C. Liverpool. USNM; RSW; Bryden 3 and 9; Taylor 2(1251); Crawforth 6.
ABRAHAM AND DANCER England, fl.1841-44, MIM OIM PHIM Map-making Instrument = Soth. 3/19/73; Induction Coil = College of Technology, Manchester; Marking Protractor = D. (1981); Mining Dial = P.C.; Monocular Microscope and Microscope, travelling = Museum of Science and Industry, Manchester. barometer makers; coil from Joule Coll; Jacob (?) Abraham and John B. Dancer; T.C. Liverpool; 13 Cross Street, King Street, Manchester (1841). Goodison 1; RSW; Lowery; Moskowitz Cat. 122; G.L'E. Turner 24; Calvert 2; Holbrook 2.
ABRAHAM, A. England, c.1800, MIM PHIM SIM Compass = Soth. 7/27/64-200; Surveying Level = NMM-13; Mining Compass = Soth. 6/19/72; Stick Barometers = D.(1975), Soth-S 1/10/90; Surveying Compass = CMY; Theodolite = Phillips 2/14/79. see Abraham and Co. 2. Liverpool. Bryden 9; RSW; NMM 2.
ABRAHAM, A., AND CO. England, c.1840, PHIM Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 5/15/96. retail branch of Abraham and Co. 2 in Glasgow. 20 Lord Street, Liverpool. RSW.
ABRAHAM, A., AND CO. 1 Scotland, fl.1838-43, MIM OIM PHIM Inclinable Sundial, portable = FRK = RSM; Stick Barometer = Soth. 12/14/89. retail branch of Abraham and Co. (2) in Liverpool; managed by S.P. Cohen, a partner, who continued the branch under his own name, 1843-60. 8 Exchange Square (1838-40); 82 Queen Street (1841-43); both in Glasgow. Bryden 3; Clarke et al; RSW.
ABRAHAM, A., AND CO. 2 England, c.1840, PHIM Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 5/15/96. surely same as Abraham and Co. 2. 20 Lord Street, Liverpool. RSW.
ABRAHAM, ABRAHAM England, fl.1818-50, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Rule, ivory = D.(1982); Wheel Barometer = X; Stick Barometers = D.(1975), X; Spectroscope = Soth. 1960; Surveying Levels = NMM, Christie 10/31/67-52 and 2/13/68-18; Microscope = X; Pocket Compass = Phillips 4/20/83; Cuff Microscope variant = Soth. 6/23/69; Telescope as part of cane, 1839 = Soth. 2/1/79; Miner's Dials= Nat'l Museum of Wales, Cardiff and CYM; Sector, ivory = Grosvenor Mus., Chester; etc. the instruments are signed "A. Abraham Liverpool." 8 Lord Street (1818-20); 10 Lord Street (1821-22); 7 Lord Street (1823-28); 9 Lord Street (1829-34); 76 Lord Street (1835); 84 Lord Street (1837); 20 Lord Street (1839-50); all in Liverpool. Taylor 2(1251); Wynter and Turner; Crawforth 6; Bryden 9; Goodison 1; NMM 2; Holbrook 2.
ABRAHAM, ABRAHAM, AND CO. England, c.1851, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Pantograph = Phillips 10/26/83. barometer makers; pantograph signed "A. Abraham and Co. 2"; showed at the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London. Liverpool; see Abraham, Abraham for street addresses. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1251); RSW; G.L'E. Turner 24; Calvert 2; Crawforth 6 & 11.
ABRAHAM, J. 1 England, c.1815, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Liskeard. Goodison 1.
ABRAHAM, J. 2 England, fl.1805-51, MIM OIM PHIM Culpeper Microscope = Soth. 4/22/65-19; Horizontal Sundial = Christie 7/5/71. probably Jacob Abraham; optician; made globes, telescopes, barometers, etc; mathematical instrument maker to the Duke of Gloucester and to the Duke of Wellington; T.C. 7 Bartlett Street, near the Upper Rooms, Bath; adjoining Mr.Thompson's Pump Room, Cheltenham; 1 Bartlett Street, Bath (1819). Bryden 9; Calvert 2; Crawforth 1; RSW.
ABRAHAM, J.A. England, c.1850, PHIM invented a type of barometer shown at Great Exhibition, 1851. 87 Bold Street, Liverpool. Bryden 9.
ABRAHAM, J.H. England, c.1827, MIM Holy Green, Sheffield. Taylor 2(1470).
ABRAHAM, JACOB England, fl.1805-41, MIM OIM PHIM Orrery = OXF; Wheel Barometer = Bath Municipal Library; Stick Barometer = X; Microscope = VCW. T.C.; optician and mathematical instrument maker to the Duke of Gloucester and to the Duke of Wellington; see Abraham and Co. 1; see Abraham 1; see J. Abraham 2. 1 St. Andrews Terrace (1809); 7 Bartlett Street (1819); both in Bath; shop adjoining Mr. Thompson's Pump Room, Cheltenham. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1068); Moskowitz Cat. 114; Chaldecott 1; C.N. Robinson; RSW.
ABRAHAMS England, OIM Telescope = D.(1971). may be Abraham 3. Exeter. RSW.
ABRAHAMS, A.E. England, c.1810, PHIM Wheel Barometers = Soth. 7/19/88, Bearne's 2/17/92. "Optician" appears after the Soth. signature. Exeter. RSW.
ABRAHAMS, JOHN England, c.1830, MIM Magnetic Compass = FIT (WHI). T.C. Montpelier Rotunda; the Shop adjoining Mr. Thompson's Pump Room; both in Cheltenham. Taylor 2(1761); Clay and Court.
ACCUM, FREDERICK CHRISTIAN Germany; England, 1769-1828, PHIM Hygrometers = WHI, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire. sold chemical apparatus; author; had a commercial partnership with Alexander Garden for a few years. Hanover (1769-93); Old Compton Street, Soho, London. Whipple 1; A.L. King; G.L'E. Turner 24.
ACKERMAN, ANDERS Sweden, fl.1759-1804, MIM Celestial Globes = SKO (1759), Royal Library, Stockholm (1759, 1766 (2)); Terrestrial Globes = SKO (1759), Royal Library, Stockholm (1759, 1762, 1766 (2), 1779, 1804), Soth. 3/27/72 (1762). Åckerman; sometimes written Åkerman. Uppsala. Pipping 1; Price 2; Edell 1; RSW.
ACKERMANN AND CO. England, fl.1847-52, MIM NIM Parallel Rules = DeLuca 8/1/87. 96 Strand, London. O'Mara; RSW.
ACKLAND England, MIM Time Assimilator - Sidereal/Meantime = Dept of Physics, U. of Liverpool. Hatton Garden, London. Holbrook 2.
ADAIR, WILLIAM Ireland, 1794, MIM Sundial, slate, 1794 = Ulster Folk Museum. Clarke et al.
ADAKYMOE, TODA M. MIM Universal Equatorial Sundial = KEN; Instrument = VAA. Evans 1.
ADAM 1 England, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = Soth. 4/26/65-53. London. RSW.
ADAM 2 England, MIM NIM Sector, ivory = COR; Sextant = COR. may be one of the Adams. London. Courtanvaux.
ADAM, ELIAS 1 England, 1627, MIM recorded as a sundial maker in 1627; may be misreading for Elias Allen. Loomes 2.
ADAM, ELIAS 2 England, 1750, MIM Sundial, stone, 1750 = Crisp Coll. Dewhirst; Clay and Court.
ADAM, EUGENE France, 19th Century, MIM Trimming Tool = Soth. 10/20/75. "mecanicien." Colmar. RSW.
ADAM, J. Scotland, c.1870, PHIM Marine Barometer = Soth.-S 1/25/89. Dundee. RSW.
ADAM, MATHEW Scotland, fl.1822-23, NIM improved quadrants and sextants by adding artificial horizons. Inverness Academy, Inverness. Taylor 2(1471).
ADAM, ROBERT England, post-1760, MIM sundial maker to King George III; designed sundial on wall of Turner Art Gallery, Eastbourne. Stevens and Aked.
ADAM, U. Germany, 18th Century, MIM Wall Sundials on churches in Hartmannsweiler, Kayserberg, Kienzheim, Lautenbach, etc. Colmar. Zinner 1.
ADAMI, CARL CHRISTIAN LUDWIG Germany, 1802-74, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1847 = New York Public Library. teacher in Berlin, 1838-52; joined firm of Dietrich Reimer 1852-74. Daberkov, Pommerania; Berlin. Yonge.
ADAMS 1 England, OIM Telescope = NMM. "Adams' New Patent Portable Telescope"; may be John Adams 2. No. 60 Fleet Street, London. Taylor 1(478) and 2(1); NMM 2; RSW.
ADAMS 2 England, 18th Century, MIM NIM OIM SIM Inclinable Sundial = MLL; Solar Microscope = HER; Armillary Sphere = COO; Sextants = Wellesley College Observatory, Mass., Mystic Seaport, Conn.; Octant = D.(1987); Theodolite = P.C.; Telescope = Bennington Museum, Vermont; Telescope, 1810 = Christie-SK 2/8/79; Gunter's Scale = D.(1984); etc. there are many undated instruments signed "Adams"; it is impossible to tell whether George 1, George 2, or Dudley Adams is the maker in question; the ivory scale on the octant is marked "I.D.". London. USNM; RSW; Moskowitz Cat. 110; Coffeen 15; Price 3; Ward 4;
ADAMS 3 USA, c.1835, MIM SIM see Frost and Adams. Moskowitz Cat. 115.
ADAMS AND TAGLIABUE USA, c.1850, PHIM made barometers and thermometers, glass hydrometers. Cat. of the New York Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations, 1853.
ADAMS, C. England, c.1790, MIM Crescent Sundial = Spitzer-Anderson sale 3/25/27. London. RSW.
ADAMS, D. England, MIM OIM Celestial Globe = Soth. 6/27/57-133; Telescope = Christie-SK 12/1/83; Wheel Barometer and Metallic Thermometer = Woburn Abbey; Compass Rose, paper = D.(1974). surely Dudley Adams; telescope is Charing Cross; Woburn Abbey instruments are Fleet Street. Charing Cross; Fleet Street; both in London. Wynter Cat. Vol. 2, No. 2; RSW.
ADAMS, DUDLEY England, 1762-1826, MIM OIM PHIM SIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums. apprenticed to George Adams 2, his brother, in the Grocers' Company, 1777; free of the Company, 1788; succeeded to the family business in 1796; globe maker to the King, 1794, and mathematical instrument maker to the King, 1796; optician to the Prince of Wales by 1804; several patents; T.C. Spring Gardens, Charing Cross (1788); 53 Charing Cross (1793-1821); 6 Jewry Street, Aldgate (-1822); all in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(792); Chaldecott 1; USNM; Moskowitz 114; G.L'E. Turner 24; J. Brown 1; Price 3; Ward 4; Calvert 2; RSW; Crawforth 1; Court and Rohr 3(XXXII); Millburn 9; Bryden 16; Yonge.
ADAMS, F. England, OIM Microscope = FLO. probably G. Adams. London. Italian Inventory.
ADAMS, G. England, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM many instruments signed this way; impossible to tell whether George 1 or George 2 Adams is involved except for the relevant dated instruments. 60 Fleet Street, London. USNM; Brewington 1; Bedini 1; Belgian Inv.; Price 3; Ward 4; NMM 2; RSW; Moskowitz Cat. 114; Brieux Cat.
ADAMS, GEORGE 1 England, 1704-72, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums. apprenticed to James Parker in the Grocers' Company, 1724; turned over to Thomas Heath 1, 1726; free of the Company, 1733; father of George 2 and Dudley Adams; instrument maker to the King and to the East India Company; author; difficult to tell, except by date, whether George Adams 1 or 2; T.C. Southampton; Shore Lane (1733); at Tycho Brahe's Head, corner of Racquet Court, in Fleet Street; both in London. Taylor 2(145); Chaldecott 1; Maddison 1; Bonelli 1; USNM; Brewington 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; Calvert 2; Crawforth 1; Bedini 8; J. Brown 1; RSW; Court and von Rohr 3(XVIII); Millburn 9; C.N. Robinson; J.A. Bennett 2; A.J. Turner 10; Yonge; ADL; Tyler.
ADAMS, GEORGE 2 England, 1750-95, MIM NIM OIM PHIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums. apprenticed to his father, George Adams 1, in the Grocers' Company, 1765; free of the Company, 1772, by his mother, Ann Adams, the executrix; author; instrument maker to the King; optician to the Prince of Wales; associated with Thomas Hatton in making and selling four portable instruments for checking weight of gold; stock and books bought by Jones Brothers in 1795; see George Adams, Jr. 60 Fleet Street, London. Taylor 2(676); Chaldecott 1; Maddison 2; Bonelli 1; Brewington 1; RSW; Moskowitz Cats; Wynter 2; G.L'E. Turner 24; A.J. Turner 10; J. Brown 1; Bedini 8; Court and von Rohr 3(XXV); Millburn 9; J.A. Bennett 2; Goodison 1; Yonge; Hillier; Syndram; Whipple 1; ADL.
ADAMS, GEORGE 3 England, c.1811, apprenticed to Dudley Adams, his father, in the Grocers' Company, on June 16, 1811. J. Brown 1; Millburn 9.
ADAMS, GEORGE, JR. England, 1750-95, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Telescope, pocket, 1774 = D.(1978); Orrery = X. telescope signed" G. Adams London" on tube; "Adams, Jr." on inside of draw tube; George Adams 2. 60 Fleet Street, London. Moskowitz 116; RSW.
ADAMS, HANNAH England, fl.1795-96 d.1810, MIM "Mathematical Instrument Maker to the King" and supplier of instruments to the Royal Mathematical School at Christ's Hospital, after the death of her husband, George Adams 2; succeeded by William Cary in the latter post. London. Millburn 9 and 11.
ADAMS, JAMES USA, c.1850, MIM Set of Drawing Instruments = FRK = Soth. 3/25/86. Portsmouth, Ohio. RSW.
ADAMS, JOHN 1 England, fl.1670-96, MIM instrument designer; lawyer; surveyor. Shropshire; Tanfield Court, Inner Temple, London. Taylor 1(344).
ADAMS, JOHN 2 England, fl.1714-38, OIM apprenticed to William Saunders 2 in 1707, in the Spectaclemakers' Company; free of the Company on July 1, 1714; perhaps maker of "Adams' New Patent Portable Telescope" at NMM; see John Adams 4; Taylor's dates are different. 60 Fleet Street, London. Taylor 1(478) and 2(1); Court and von Rohr 3(83).
ADAMS, JOHN 3 England, fl.1759-96, MIM NIM teacher of mathematics; partner with Richard Rust; their names appear on engraved compass cards; Adams was the designer and Richard Rust the maker. Farnhill Academy, near Waltham Abbey, Essex (1773); Mathematical Academy, Brook Street, Ratcliff Cross, London (1780). Taylor 2(432); Crawforth 11.
ADAMS, JOHN 4 England, may be John Adams 2. 60 Fleet Street, London. Taylor 1(478).
ADAMS, NATHANIEL 1 England, 1708-43, OIM Mirror on Culpeper Microscope = X. apprenticed to Edward Scarlett in 1722, in the Spectaclemakers' Company; free of the Company in 1730; optician to Frederick, Prince of Wales, son of George II; Francis Watkins was apprenticed to him in 1737, and John Margas, pre-1742. The Golden Spectacles, Charing Cross, London. Taylor 2(146); Clay and Court; Daumas 1; Court and von Rohr 3(111); Robischon; WEBDB.
ADAMS, NATHANIEL 2 USA, 1793, MIM SIM apprenticed to Nathaniel Shipman and Son of Norwich, Conn. in 1793. Smart 2.
ADAMS, NATHANIEL, AND WHIPPLE USA, c.1809, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = P.C. in jewelry business. Troy, N.Y. Smart 2; RSW.
ADAMS, W.G. England, MIM SIM Surveying Compass, alidade = P-B 9/24/38. London. RSW.
ADAMS, WILLIAM USA, b.1801 fl.1829-62, MIM Terrestrial Globe, silver, 1841 = U.S. House of Repre- sentatives, Washington, D.C. part of a mace. 185 Church Street, New York, N.Y. (1841). J. S. Brown.
ADAMSON England, c.1790, PHIM Wheel Barometer and Thermometer in clock = P-B 6/7/68-46; Stick Barometer = X; Wheel Barometer = X. Fleet Street, London. USNM; RSW; Goodison 1.
ADAMSON AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2). London. Goodison 1.
ADAMSON, HUMPHREY England, fl.1668-82, MIM PHIM Calculating Machine = KEN; Clock, pendulum = KEN. made Morland's calculating machine; made wheel and stick barometers; member of the Clockmakers' Company; Loomes said he was not a member of the Clockmakers' Company. near the Turnstile in Holborn; at the House of Jonas Moor, Esq. in the Tower; both in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 1(326); Evans 1; Dewhirst; Calvert 2; Loomes 2.
ADAMSON, JOHN England, c.1686, MIM made free of the Clockmakers' Company on Sept. 29, 1686; may have made only clocks; Loomes only mentions clocks. Clay and Court; Crawforth 11; Loomes 2.
ADCOCK, RICHARD England, c.1659, apprenticed to John Brown 6 in the Joiners' Company, 1652; free in the Company, 1659. Crawforth 7.
ADDISON, G., AND CO. England, c.1830, MIM Celestial Globe = GMM. London. RSW.
ADDISON, JOHN England, c.1800, MIM Orrery = NMM; Globes, pair = MLL; Terraqueous Globe = U. of Utah, Salt Lake City. maker of globes manufactured and published by Malby and Co.; orrery signed "J. Addison"; globes say "manufactured and sold by G. and J. Cary"; made terrestrial globe on Thomas Heath orrery, ADL-DPW1; see John Addison and Co. 37 Parker Street, Little Queen Street; Regent Street; both in London. Maddison 1; RSW; NMM 2; Yonge; ADL.
ADDISON, JOHN, AND CO. England, fl.1820-37, MIM Terrestrial Globe, twelve-inch, stand = Phillips 2/2/84; Terrestrial Globe = D.(1975); Pair of Globes = D.(1975); Terrestrial Globe, miniature = Chicago Historical Society. Phillips globe signed "J. Addison and Co., Globe Makers and by appointment to his Majesty King George IV"; others signed "J. Addison and Co. Globe makers by appointment to His Most Gracious Majesty, George IV." 9 Skinner Street (1820); 117 Regent Street, Piccadilly (1823); 7 Hampstead Road, Tottenham Court Road (1827); all in London. Taylor 2(1472); RSW; Moskowitz 118; Yonge.
ADDISON, L. England, MIM Celestial Globe, miniature, papier-maché = Christie 7/16/68. probably John Addison. USNM; Crawforth 11.RSW.
ADERMAN, CLAS OTTO Sweden, 1826-96, PHIM meteorological instrument maker. Stockholm. Pipping 1.
ADHEMAR France, MIM Terrestrial Globe = CNAM-7255. Adhémar. Cons. Nat'l 1; Destombes 4.
ADIE 1 Scotland, MIM PHIM Garden Sundial = Phillips 10/26/83; Sextant, pocket = Christie 12/21/71 = FRK = RSM; Barometer = Phillips 11/16/76; Universal Equatorial Sundial = Soth. 3/25/86; Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 11/27/86; Sympiesometer No.1181 = FRK = RSM; Box Sextant = RSM. probably either Alexander or John Adie. Edinburgh. Bryden 3; RSW; Clarke et al.
ADIE 2 England, c.1845, MIM NIM PHIM SIM Surveyor's Level = Christie 10/31/67-53; Sextant, pocket = D.(1967); Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 11/27/86; Dumpy Level = WHI. surely Patrick Adie. 395 Strand, 5 Arthur Street West, London Bridge, London. USNM; J.A. Bennett 2; Clarke et al; RSW.
ADIE AND SON Scotland, fl.1835-80, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Barometer, travelling = Soth. 7/21/83; Thermometer, ivory = Soth. 2/8/83; Stick Barometers = X; Surveying Compass = Kenney Sale-171; Theodolite = Soth. 11/27/67-5; Sympiesometer, No. 1708 = Phillips 7/20/83; Robinson-type Balance = RSM; Telescope = Christie 5/6/69; Surveyor's Level = D.(1972); Marine Barometer = D.(1976); Mining Compass D.(1986); etc. Alexander and his second son, John; Taylor thought that the son was Richard; marine barometer is No. 89; "Instrument Makers to the Queen." 58 Princes Street (1835-43); 50 Princes Street (1844-76); 37 Hanover Street (1837-80) all in Edinburgh. Bryden 3 and 8; Goodison 1; Taylor 2(2059)(2060); RSW; Moskowitz 104; G.L'E. Turner 24; Coffeen 13; Nuttall; Clarke et al.
ADIE AND WEDDERBURN Scotland, 1881-99, MIM OIM PHIM Folding Gauge Rod = Kenney Sale-124 = P.C; Telescopes = Soth. 3/19/73, RSM; Barometer, portable = Soth. 5/1/86; Barograph = FRK = RSM. Thomas Wedderburn was foreman with Adie and Son. 37 Hanover Street (1881-82); 17 Hanover Street (1883-99); both in Edinburgh. Bryden 3; Taylor 2(2061); Clarke et al; RSW.
ADIE, A. Scotland, MIM Garden Sundial = D.(1975); Sundial = FRK = RSM; Miner's Dial = RSM; Polarizing Microscope = RSM; Surveying Compass = RSM. surely Alexander Adie. Edinburgh. Wynter Cat; Clarke et al.
ADIE, ALEXANDER Scotland, 1774-1858, MIM OIM PHIM Stick Barometers = X; Sympiesometers = RSM, D.(1967), Atwater Kent Museum, Philadelphia, Pa.; Polarizing Microscope = RSM; Telescope and stand = D.(1989). apprenticed to his uncle, John Miller, 1787; was his partner, 1804-22; his second son, John, joined him in 1835 (Taylor says son Richard); invented and patented sympiesometer in 1818; other sons Richard and Patrick, which see; also see Miller and Adie; first polarizing microscope made 1823-29. 94 Nicholson Street (1804-7); 96 Nicholson Street (1807-10); 8 Nicholson Street (1811-18); 35 Princes Street (1818-34); 15 Nicholson Street (1825-26); 58 Princes Street (1830-34: all in Edinburgh. Bryden 3; Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1069); Middleton 1; USNM; RSW; Clarke et al; Rinaldi 23.
ADIE, JOHN Scotland, fl.1835-81, MIM OIM PHIM second son of Alexander Adie; in partnership with him in 1835; see Adie and Son and Adie and Wedderburn. Edinburgh. Bryden 3; Goodison 1; Middleton 1; Clarke et al.
ADIE, PATRICK Scotland; England, fl.1846-68, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Artificial Horizon = FRK = RSM; Current Meter = FRK = RSM; Telescope = FRK = RSM; Magnetic Variometer = RSM. youngest son of Alexander Adie; made marine barometers; business continued until 1868 at Strand address and went on to 1942; held patents on semicircle, diastameter, level, eidograph, etc.; see Adie 2. 1A Conduit Street (1846-47); 395 Strand (1848-68); both in London. Bryden 3; Goodison 1; RSW; USNM; O'Mara; Clarke et al; Middleton 1.
ADIE, RICHARD Scotland; England, fl.1835-75, MIM OIM PHIM Stick Barometer = X; Cometarium, 1835 = OXF; Sympiesometer = GHS. also made a steam and vacuum gauge and a double telescope; barometer signed "R. Adie Bold Street Liverpool"; was third son of Alexander Adie; Taylor thought that he was partner in Adie and Co. 26 Bold Street (1835); 28 Bold Street (1837);.55 Bold Street (1839); 4 Exchange Building (1868) and 5 Edmund Street (1870); 5 Harington Street (1872-75); all in Liverpool. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(2059 and 2061); Bryden 3; USNM; G.L'E. Turner 24; Clarke et al.
ADMIRAL, JACOB L' Holland, 17th Century, PHIM Coin Balance = Soth. 6/23/87. mastermark of L'Admiral is stamped on the pans and the weights. RSW.
ADRIAENSEN, JAN Holland, 1575-1654, MIM Sundial = Fry Coll. DeRijp. Michel 3; Price 2; RSW.
ADRIAENSZOON, JACOB see Jacob Metius. A.J. Turner 10.
ADRIANO, P. FE. Italy, 1700, MIM Astrolabe, 1700 = BM. ICA-188; "P. Adriano Fe." Turin. Gunther 1; Price 1, 2 and 3; Ward 4; ICA 2; Evans 1; Holbrook 2.
ADZERSEN, KARL Sweden?, 1732, MIM Vertical Sundial, 1732 = USNM. Lydersholm. USNM.
AECHERSPERG, JOHANN PETER Germany, fl.1765-86, PHIM Money Balances, 1765, 1775, undated = DRE; Balances = Köller May, 1972, 11/17/75 (1786); Gold Balances = Den Gamle By, Aarhus (1762), HAK (1773); etc. also Aeckersberg; many signed "J.P. Aeckersberg." Wichtlinghausen im Ober-Barmen. RSW.
AEHNELT, C.G. Germany, 1782, MIM OIM Rule, 1782 = DRE; Telescope = DRE. Dresden. RSW.
AERTRYCKE, PHILIPS VAN Holland, c.1520, NIM compass maker. Bruges; Middelburg. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
AERTS, PETRUS Belgium, 17th Century, MIM Quadrant = X. resembled Lusuerg quadrant in Michel collection. Brussels. Michel 3; Price 2.
AFFLECK, ALEXANDER Scotland, fl.1800-02, MIM Glasgow. Taylor 2(1071).
AGGERE, PETRUS AB see Petrus ab aggere. Bonelli 1.
AGGERIUS, PETRUS see Petrus ab aggere. Gunther 2.
AGGIO, PAUL England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Phillips 2/14/79, Soth. 7/21/87. Colchester. Goodison 1; RSW.
AGNELO, MICHIEL Italy, c.1545, MIM invented an ellipsograph in 1545. Arrighi.
AGNESE Italy, 1554, MIM Compass set inside book cover, 1554 = NMM. RSW.
AGNEW 1 England, see Zanetti and Agnew. RSW.
AGNEW 2 England, c.1840, MIM SIM Circumferentor = P.C. Manchester. Delehar 4.
AGNEW AND ZANETTI England, fl.1825-34, OIM PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2); Stick Barometers = X(2). one wheel barometer signed "Agnew and Zanetti, Exchange Street, Manchester"; others signed "Agnew and Zanetti, 18 Exchange Street, Manchester"; Thomas Agnew and Vittore Zanetti; succeeded Zanetti and Agnew, which see. 94 Market Street (1825-26); 10 Exchange Street (1826-32); 18 Exchange Street (1834); all in Manchester. Taylor 2(1473); Goodison 1.
AGNEW, THOMAS England, 1794-1871, MIM PHIM SIM Wheel Barometers = X(2); Circumferentor = P.C. apprenticed to Vittore Zanetti, 1810; partner with him, 1817; partner with his son, 1825-34; working alone by 1835; circumferentor is signed "Agnew Manchester"; also made thermometers. 94 Market Street (1810-26); 10 Exchange Street (1826-32); 18 Exchange Street (1834); 14 Exchange Street (1841); all in Manchester. Goodison 1; Delehar 4.
AGOSTI, G. England, c.1840, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Bearne's 5-7-96. with hydrometer, thermometer and level; may be same as I. Agosti, which see. Falmouth. RSW.
AGOSTI, I. England, PHIM Marine Barometer = X. may be John Augustus. Falmouth. Goodison 1.
AHL, JOHAN Sweden; Denmark, fl.pre-1755-95, OIM Astronomical Quadrant, 3-foot radius = CRT. apprenticed to Eckström; partner with Steinholtz, 1755-62. Stockholm (pre-1755-62); Copenhagen (1762-95). Pipping 1; RSW.
AHRENS, C.D. England, 19th Century, OIM Microscope = Phillips 12/12/89. London. RSW.
AIANO England, fl.1790-1800, PHIM Stick Barometers = X(2), Christie 5/5/83, Soth. 2/28/80, (1800); Wheel Barometers = Phillips 10/26/83 (4). probably Charles Aiano; Phillips and one other wheel signed "Aiano Canterbury." Canterbury. Goodison 1; RSW.
AIANO, CARLS. England, PHIM variant spelling for Charles Aiano, which see. RSW.
AIANO, CHARLES England, fl.1826-41, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(3), Chrisrie-SK 6/30/89 = D.(1989), Soth.-S 7/17/96; Stick Barometers = X, Soth. 2/4/77; Double Barometer = X. some signed "C. Aiano" or "Chas. Aiano"; Soth. 1977 signed "Carls. Aiano." At the Sign of the Providence; 9 Northgate (1826-28); Northgate (1841); 90-1 Northgate; all in Canterbury. Goodison 1; RSW.
AICHINGER c.1850, MIM Equatorial Sundial with alidade = AMST. Mörzer Bruyns 1; RSW.
AINAO, C. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 5/12/72. misreading for Charles Aiano. Northgate, Canterbury. RSW.
AINSLEY, THOMAS L. England, fl.1858-86, MIM NIM Hadley's Quadrant = PEA-M3535; Instrument = OXF; Octant = Christie-SK 3/31/83; Sextants = Christie 12/21/7, Soth. 3/19/73 and MYS; Pelorus = MYS; Octant = Science and Engineering Museum, Newcastle-upon-Tyne; etc. Christie sextant signed "Thos. L. Ainsley" and MYS one signed "Ainsley"; second octant signed Thomas L. Ainsley; rest signed "T.L. Ainsley"; quadrant also signed "London"; first octant also signed; "Cardiff and Barry Docks"; see Bain and Ainsley. South Shields, Durham; South Shields, Tyne and Wear; Cardiff and Barry Docks; London. Brewington 1; Taylor 2(1072); Crawford 11; RSW.
AIRES, BENJAMIN see Benjamin Ayres. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
AKEN, ABRAHAM VAN Holland, c.1760, MIM PHIM Astrolabe = BOM 3/28/06-564; Fire Engine Model = UTR-Physics Lab.; Planetaria = LEY, GEM. made planetaria and other astronomical and physical instruments; sometimes spelled van Aaken. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1; Daumas 1; Brieux 3; RSW; Mörzer Bruyns 2.
AKENHEAD, ROBERT England, c.1718, T.C.; stationer and seller of instruments and spectacles. at the Bible and Crown up on the Bridge, Newcastle. Calvert 2.
AKERBOOM, JOHANNES Holland, c.1775, NIM Mariner's Compass = Auction, 1981, Holland. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
AKERMAN, ANDREA Åkerman; variant of Anders Åckerman. Price 2; Edell 1.
AKRELL, CARL FREDRIK Sweden, 1779-1868, MIM made and repaired globes; probably son of Fredrik Akrell. RSW.
AKRELL, FREDRIK Sweden, 1740-1804, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1790 = NOR. renewed several Åckerman globes; worked at the Academy of Sciences; also made celestial globes. Stockholm. Pipping 1; RSW.
AL. RI. Italy, initials on pin-gnomon sundial by Carolus Platus, 1593, at BM. Dalton.
ALAMANNI, ANTONIO Italy, c.1641, PHIM Barometers and Thermometers = FLO. Florence. Bonelli 1.
ALAND, JONATHAN Ireland, c.1685, designed instruments to determine longitude. Waterford. Taylor 1(438).
ALBERTI, A. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Stick Barometer = X. probably Angelo Alberti; stick also signed "Sheffield" and its case was made by Charles Guggiari. Sheffield. Goodison 1.
ALBERTI, ANGELO England, fl.1822-25, PHIM made barometers. Fargate, Sheffield. Goodison 1.
ALBERTI, GIANBATTISTA Italy, 1688, MIM Armillary Sphere, 1688 = Brescia; Compass Instruments = Brescia-7 and -32. Michel 3; Price 2.
ALBERTI, LEON BATTISTA Italy, 1404-72, MIM made hodometers. Morpurgo 1.
ALBINO, D. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Christie-N.Y. 4/19/89. the barometer listed by Goodison is signed "Albino, Cheltenham." Cheltenham. Goodison 1; RSW.
ALBINO, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie 4/28/89. Cheltenham. RSW.
ALBINO, JOHN England, fl.1839-60, PHIM made barometers. 47 St. John Street, West Smithfield (1839-49); 63 Hatton Garden (1850-60); both in London. Goodison 1.
ALBRECHT, ANDREAS Germany, d.1628, MIM SIM Surveying Instrument, 1625 = NUR-WI 1262. compass maker; designed the theodolite and plane table made by Michael Bumel. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Evans 1; Weil 1; Bonelli 1; Price 2; Gouk 1.
ALBRECHT, H. Germany, 19th Century, MIM Planetarium = Ineichen 6/5/75. Berlin. RSW.
ALCOCK, JOHN England, 1743, NIM Nocturnal, boxwood, 1743 = HAK. Rohde; RSW.
ALDER 1 USA, NIM T.C.; see Duren and Alder, Alder and Co., Alder and Duren, Alder and Mackay, and W.D. Alder. New York, N.Y. RSW.
ALDER 2 USA, see Choate and Alder. New York, N.Y. RSW.
ALDER AND CO. England, NIM Octant = Christie 7/5/71. Blyth. RSW.
ALDER AND DUREN USA, c.1850, NIM sold nautical instruments; makers? New York, N.Y. RSW.
ALDER AND MACKAY Scotland, c.1825, PHIM Barograph in clock = D.(1972). Edinburgh. RSW.
ALDER, WILLIAM D. USA, c.1859, MIM NIM see De Mory, Gray and W.D. Alder, T.C.; successor to Duren and Alder; see Choate, Alder and Topham. New Bedford, Mass. (1859); 20 Burling Slip, New York, N.Y. D.J. Warner 10; RSW.
ALDERSON, WALTON England, fl.1823-31, MIM clockmaker; made sundials. Leyburn. Loomes.
ALDINUS, FRANCISCUS Italy, 1660, MIM Armillary Sphere, iron, 1660 = ADL-M8. Engelmann 1; Michel 3; Price 2; Yonge; ADL; RSW.
ALDRIDGE, JOHN England, c.1669, MIM OIM member of the Spectaclemakers' Company in 1669. Minories, London. Court and von Rohr 3(24).
ALDRIDGE, T. USA, NIM Navigational Rule = X. Bergen, New Jersey. RSW.
ALDUS, THOMAS England, fl.1659-62, MIM apprenticed to Henry Sutton in the Joiners' Company, June 12, 1652; free in the Company, Mar. 5, 1659; took apprentices. Crawforth 7.
ALEA, YARWAY England, c.1661, apprenticed to John Brown 6 in the Joiners' Company, 1654; free in the Company, 1661. Crawforth 7.
ALESSANDRI, I, AND SCATTOGLIA Italy, 1784, MIM Celestial Globe, 1784 = ROM. Venice. Bonelli 4; Bedini 12.
ALETT, C. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = D.(1976). Oxford. RSW.
ALEXANDER England, c.1790, NIM Quadrant = NMM-S.160. Yarmouth. Taylor 2(910); NMM 2.
ALEXANDER, ALEXANDER 1 Scotland, fl.1812-20, OIM Edinburgh. Taylor 2(1254); Morrison-Low.
ALEXANDER, ALEXANDER 2 England, fl.1812-41, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Hadley's Quadrant = X; Pantograph = Christie 12/12/72; Camera Lucida = OXF. optician to the King, the Duchess of Kent and to Princess Victoria; may be same person as Alexander Alexander 1; invented Graphic Mirror (1841); T.C.; pantograph signed "A. Alexander." 6 High Street opposite Castle Street, Exeter. Taylor 2(1254); Bryden 9; RSW; G.L'E. Turner 24; Crawforth 1.
ALEXANDER, ANDREAS 1666, MIM Sector, 1666 = NUR. Nürnberg? Evans 1.
ALEXANDER, GEORGE Scotland, fl.1813-25, NIM watch and compass maker; held a patent for compass card suspension. 27 Timber Street; 62 Shore (1822-25); both in Leith. Bryden 3; Taylor 2(1255); Clarke et al.
ALEXANDER, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 2/19/87. Norwich. RSW.
ALEXANDER, JOHN Scotland, c.1671, MIM apprenticed to Robert Smith of the Clockmakers' Company in Dec. 1667; freed in the Company, Aug. 1671; his test pieces were one clock and one sundial. Edinburgh. Loomes 2.
ALEXANDRE, B. France; India, MIM PHIM Thermometer = P.C.; Planetarium Clock = UTO 11/2/76; Aneroid Barometer = Phillips 11/16/88. "Opticien"; the barometer is marked "Cannes." Cannes and Luckow; Paris. RSW; Brieux.
ALFIERI England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Manchester. Goodison 1.
ALFIERI, P. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Halifax. Goodison 1.
ALIEZER AND SON England? U.S.A.?, 1790, MIM SIM Graphometer, 1790 = P.C. USNM.
ALIMENIUS, MATTEO CAMPANI see Matteo Campani. Daumas 1.
ALINGHAM, WILLIAM England, fl.1694-1710, MIM advertised as making dials. Rummer Tavern, Chanel (or Cannon) Row, Westminster, London. Taylor 1(482).
ALIOVSY, IOECHI MICUS 1591, MIM Astronomical Plate, 1591 = UTO 11/2/76. also marked "Iohannes Praetorius." RSW.
ALLAM England, fl.1821-46, MIM see Worthington and Allam. Taylor 2(1749).
ALLAN 1 England, NIM Sextant, pocket, with Telescope = D.(1975). could be James Allan. London. RSW.
ALLAN 2 England, probably misreading for Worthington and Allam; see Worthington and Allam. Christie 5/26/76.
ALLAN 3 England, c.1850, PHIM designed and made saccharometers; in competition with Gray and Mackay. Chaldecott 3; RGO.
ALLAN, ALEXANDER Scotland, fl.1806-35, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Saccarometer = RSM. instrument signed "Alexr Allan"; made Thomas Thomson's direct reading saccharometers, used by the Scottish Excise Office; succeeded by Peter Stevenson, his apprentice. Baron Grant's Close (1806-10); 9 Lothian Street (1811-35); both in Edinburgh. Bryden 3; Taylor 2(1073); Goodison 1; Clarke et al; McConnell 4.
ALLAN, JAMES England, fl.1790-1825, MIM SIM Sextants = WHI, Phillips 11/16/88; Repeating Circle, 1811 = Soth. 7/26/65 = Soth. 2/21/66. apprenticed to Fairbone (probably Charles Fairbone 2 of the Grocers' Company); instrument maker and designer; made an improved dividing engine and theodolite; author; sometimes spelled "Allen"; awarded a prize in 1820 by the Commissioners of the Board of Longitude; his son, John Allan, succeeded him in 1825. 13, Blewitt's Buildings, Fetter Lane, London. Society of Arts Transactions, 1810, 1815-16; USNM; Clay and Court; Dewhirst; Taylor 2(912); Daumas 1; Moskowitz 105; RSW; J.A. Bennett 2; Coffeen 39.
ALLAN, JOHN England; USAb.1786 fl.1810-25+, MIM NIM OIM Sextant = USNM; Sextant, miniature, with case = D.(1992). son of James Allan of London, who died in 1825; T.C. states he is son and successor to the late J(ames) Allan, sextant maker and divider; D.J. Warner lists him as "Allen" even though the USNM sextant is signed "J. Allan." Fell Street (1810); 86 Bond Street (1814-15); 1 Fell Street (1819); all in Baltimore, Md; No. 12 Blewitt's Buildings, Fetter Lane, London (after 1825). Smart 1; USNM; D.J. Warner 10; Coffeen 39.
ALLARD, ABRAHAN Holland, c.1713, MIM advertised pocket globes with cases in 1713. Amsterdam. Krogt 2.
ALLARD, KAREL Holland, c.1706, MIM advertised a pair of pocket globes in 1706. Amsterdam. Krogt 2.
ALLEAUME, JACQUES France, c.1610-15, MIM made sectors with points; "Ingénieur du Roi"; set up by Henri IV with a workshop in the Louvre. Louvre, Paris. Daumas 1; Price 2; A.J. Turner 10.
ALLEN 1 Scotland, c.1820, PHIM made sets of solids. near the College, Edinburgh. Bryden 3.
ALLEN 2 USA, misreading for Allam, which see; see Worthington and Allam. Taylor 2(1749).
ALLEN, ELIAS England, fl.1606-d.1654, MIM SIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums, including a mariner's astrolabe (ICA-321) (NMM-11) and a very distinctive type of astronomical compendium. apprenticed to Charles Whitwell of the Grocers' Company in 1602; free of the Company July 7, 1612; admitted to the Clockmakers' Company Oct. 3, 1633; Master, 1636-38; took apprentices in both Companies. Blackhorse Alley, running off the north side of Fleet Street and close to the bridge across Fleet Ditch (1601-11); in the Strand (1613); Sign of the Horse Shoe, near Essex Gate, over against St. Clement's Church, Strand and outside Temple Bar (1616-53); all in London. Taylor 1(112); Coffeen 51; Ward 4; Bryden 16; A. Stimson 3; Maddison 5; J. Brown 1 and 3; Waters 1; J.A. Bennett 2; RSW.
ALLEN, HORATIO USA, MIM made earth and sun instruments; made astronomical instruments. Homewood, South Orange, New Jersey. USNM.
ALLEN, JAMES alternate selling for James Allan, which see. Daumas 1; RSW.
ALLEN, JOHN 1 England, fl.1632-53, MIM Astrolabe-Quadrant, 1633 = BMR; Double Horizontal Sundial = BMR; Universal Ring Sundial on compass stand = ROM-674; Equinoctial Meridian Sundial = ROM-7768; Sector = OXF. apprenticed to Elias Allen of the Grocers' Company on June 25, 1617, may have been the son of Elias Allen; free of the Company Jan. 11, 1632; took Walter Hayes as an apprentice, Feb. 22, 1632; may be John Allen 2 who was a member of the Clockmakers' Company in 1653. near the Savoy, in the Strand, London. Taylor 1(171); Bonelli 1; Price 2; Michel 2; Belgian Inventaire; USNM; J. Brown 1 & 3; RSW.
ALLEN, JOHN 2 England, MIM member of the Clockmakers' Company in 1653; may be John Allen 1. J. Brown 1, 2 and 3.
ALLEN, JOHN 3 alternate spelling for John Allan. Smart 1; USNM.
ALLEN, JOHN 4 England, fl.1842-52, MIM 35 St. Swithin's Lane (1842); 5 Three King Court, Lombard Street (1847-52); both in London. O'Mara.
ALLEN, JOHN 5 USA, 1810-19, MIM OIM T.C. in Dollond sextant box, the sextant having Maskelyne's flap. At the Sign of the Mariner, Thames Street 15, Fells Point, Baltimore. Coffeen 43.
ALLEN, JOSIAH BENNETT USA, 1813-70 fl.1849-70, MIM OIM made reflecting telescopes and microscopes, astronomical and musical instruments; some signed "J.B. Allen." Springfield, Mass.; Thompsonville, Conn. USNM.
ALLEN, M.H. AND T.W. Ireland, c.1838, MIM retailers of a beam-compass invented by W. and A. Smith of London. Dame Street, Dublin. Taylor 2(2063); USNM.
ALLEN, NATHANIEL England, 18th Century, NIM apprenticed to Jonathan Eade in the Merchant Taylors' Company; partner in Eade, Wilton and Allen. London. Crawforth 8; RSW.
ALLEN, T. USA, NIM Sextant = USNM. is he same person as John Allen 2? Baltimore, Md. USNM.
ALLEN, WILLIAM 1 England, 1770-1843, MIM PHIM F.R.S., 1807; may be too long a working period for one man. Plough Court, Lombard Street (1770- ); 29 Seward Street, Goswell Street; both in London. O'Mara; Taylor 2(2064).
ALLEN, WILLIAM 2 England, c.1787, MIM PHIM No. 37 High Street, Birmingham. Bryden 9.
ALLESTREE, RICHARD England, fl.1643-51, MIM paper quadrant in almanac. Taylor 1(203).
ALLFORD, JAMES England?, MIM Horary Quadrant = Soth. 12/16/63-126. RSW.
ALLIS, J.H. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Bristol. Goodison 1.
ALLISTER, MR. USA, misreading of McAllister, Willam Y., Versailles 11/19/78. RSW.
ALLIZEAU France, PHIM Mineralogical Compendium = Soth. 10/28/63-20. Paris. RSW.
ALMENT, JOHN Ireland, 1740-87, MIM OIM SIM Surveying Compasses = P.C., D.(1990); Garden Sundial = D.(1989). optician; Evans also reported him as Almont; worked for John Margas before 1767. Mary's Abbey (1767-74); 34 Mary's Abbey (1775-87); both in Dublin. Bryden 9; Evans 1; Morrison-Low and Burnett; Moskowitz 132; Coffeen 30.
ALMONT Ireland, c.1750, MIM probably John Alment, which see. Dublin. Evans 1.
ALOTTI, C. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Cirencester. Goodison 1.
ALSTON AND CO. England, fl.1789-95, MIM Perpetual Calendar Volvelle = BM-1901/11/15-29. Willmore. Price 3; Ward 4.
ALT, ISAAC England, c.1675, member of the Spectaclemakers' Company; took apprentices. London. Crawforth 6.
ALTENDER, T., AND SONS. USA, MIM made rules. Philadelphia, PA. DATM.
ALTENEDER, T. USA, fl.1850-76, MIM NIM OIM PHIM patented a drawing instrument joint, 1850, and a telescopic range finder, 1862; made drawing instruments. Philadelphia, Pa. USNM.
ALTORFII, JOACHIMUS 1591, MIM Instrument = X. Evans 1.
ALURESONOVO, MEL Spain, c.1648, this name is marked on the back of a mariner's astrolabe made by Andre Ruffo (NMM-64). A. Stimson 3.
ALVERGNIAT France, 18th Century, PHIM Air Pumps = FLO (2). may be predecessor to Alvergniat frères, fl. 1858-90, at 10 rue de la Sorbonne, Paris. Paris? Bonelli 1; G.L'E. Turner 24.
ALWORTH, THOMAS England, 1695, MIM Garden Sundial, 1695 = Phillips 2/2/84. Oxon (Oxford). RSW.
ALZ, M. see Joao Mellorio and M. Alz.
AMADIO England, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Bearne's 2/17/92. London. RSW.
AMADIO AND SON England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2), English, Scottish and Australian Bank Ltd. Francis Amadio 1 and 2. 118 St. John Street Road, London. Goodison 1.
AMADIO, A. England, 1736, PHIM Angle Barometer, 1736 = X. in style of Charles Orme; probably repaired and re-signed by Amadio. Ashby de-la-Zouch. Goodison 1.
AMADIO, F., AND SON England, 1840-44, MIM OIM PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Christie 12/6/78, Phillips 12/2/87; Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 2/26/88. Francis Amadio 1 and son, probably Francis Amadio 2. 118 St. John Street Road, London. Goodison 1; RSW.
AMADIO, FRANCIS 1 England, fl.1820-44, MIM OIM PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(6), Soth. 6/6/75, Soth.-S 9/18/86, Christie-SK 3/3/89. made other philosophical instruments; in partnership with son, 1840-44, probably Francis Amadio 2, which see; often signed "F. Amadio"; the Christie barometer is signed "E. Amadio 118 St. John Street Road, London" but the "E" might be a misreading. 10 St. John Street Road (1820-28); 118 St. John Street Road (1829-44); 2 St. John Street Road; all in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1763); RSW; USNM.
AMADIO, FRANCIS 2 England, fl.1840-60, OIM PHIM Wheel Barometer with clock = X. optician; probably son of Francis Amadio 1, which see; clock is signed "Cummins." 63 Moorgate (1840-41); 35 Moorgate (1842-51); 5 Cowpers Court and 5 Birchin Lane (1852-60); all in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1763).
AMADIO, J. 1 England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. possibly the J. Amadio, optician, who was at a different address. 17a Telegraph Street, Moorgate Street, London. Goodison 1.
AMADIO, J. 2 England, OIM Microscope = D.(1983). 7 Throgmorton Street, London. Coffeen C.
AMADIO, J. 3 England, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometers = Soth. 10/19/87, Phillips 12/2/87. some instruments are signed "Amadio." 6 Shorters Court, City (London?). RSW.
AMALDI, PAOLO Italy, 1844, MIM Radio Latino, 1844 = D.(1970). later catalogue calls it a goniometer. Mantua. RSW.
AMARDIO, F., AND SON misreading for Amadio. RSW.
AMATIUS, F., CAPUC. Italy, c.1750, MIM Regiomontanus-type Sundial, wood = Linton Coll. = Libert et Castor 10/10/80. Belluno. Moreau.
AMBROSINI AND MANZINI England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Portsea. Goodison 1.
AMBROSONE England, c.1830, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Sotheby 12/15/94. Brighton. RSW.
AMELLI Italy, c.1590, MIM Skaphe Dial in gilt-brass box = Evans Coll. Palermo. Gunther 2; Price 2.
AMERICAN SCHOOL APPARATUS CO. USA, fl.1860-65, MIM Hemisphere Globe, 5-inch = MIT. company founded by Franklin C. Brownell. 19 Murray Street, New York, N.Y. Warner 4.
AMERLINUS, ALBERTUS c.1560-70, MIM Drawing Instrument = BM Print Room. Price 2.
AMERLINUS, PAULUS c.1567-69, MIM Quadrant, painted = BM Print Room. Price 2.
AMERY, LEONARD D' see Leonard D'Amery.
AMICI, GIOVANNI BATTISTA Italy, 1786-1863 fl.1811-63, MIM OIM PHIM he made a great many telescopes and microscopes; a sundial, micrometer and a spectroscope are known; dated instruments range from 1812-35. a renowned astronomer and fine instrument maker; designed a prism. Modena; Florence. Bonelli 1, 2 and 4; Pipping 1; Bryden 9; Dewhirst; Clay and Court; G.L'E. Turner 24.
AMIEL England, c.1890, PHIM see Lloyd, Payne and Amiel. Manchester. RSW.
AMMON, ERHARD Germany, 1579, MIM Artillery Level, 1579 = DRE. also marked "Macht Mych." RSW.
AMONTONS, GUILLAUME France, fl.1663-d.1705, MIM PHIM SIM made surveying and architect's instruments, and barometers; invented an air thermometer; described a form of marine barometer in 1695. Paris. Nachet; Hamilton 2; Daumas 1; USNM; Goldschmidt 70; Bedini 8; Price 2; A.J. Turner 10; Middleton 1.
AMSLER, C.T. Switzerland; USA, fl.1848-61, MIM OIM SIM Surveying Compasses = X, D.(1982). importer and manufacturer of mathematical and optical instruments. Philadelphia, Pa. (1848-). Smart 2; USNM; Coffeen.
AMSLER, CHARLES F. MIM probably C.T. Amsler, which see. USNM.
AMUEL, F. Germany, MIM Cannon Sundials = OXF, Miss Wilmott Coll., P. and S. 11/21/1894. Berlin. G.L'E. Turner 24; Evans 1; RSW.
AMUEL, J. see F. Amuel. G.L'E. Turner 24; Evans 1.
ANAAND, THOMAS England, 1683, MIM Gunter Scale, 1683 = P.C. earliest Gunter scale known to date. Delehar 9.
ANDERSEN, NIELS Sweden, 1737, MIM Table Dial, small, 1737 = NOR. RSW.
ANDERSON Scotland, c.1859, PHIM see Marr and Anderson; probably Robert Marr. 14 Renfield Street, Glasgow. Bryden 3.
ANDERSON, DAVID, JR. Scotland, 1597, MIM made a town sundial in 1597. Aberdeen. Loomes 2.
ANDERSON, F. England, 1848, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2). one signed "Anderson, Registered 1586 Sept. 14, 1848 No. 183." Gravesend. Goodison 1.
ANDERSON, J.B. Sweden, MIM Sundial = Evans Coll. owner or maker of dial. Evans 1.
ANDERSON, JOHN England, c.1818, NIM claimed to have made an instrument for locating position at sea by observing the Pole Star. 235 High Street, Poplar, London; Liverpool. Taylor 2(1258).
ANDERSON, N. England?, c.1850, name on a ten-inch celestial globe constructed by C.A. Reitzel. RSW.
ANDERSON, WALTER misreading for Walter Alderson. Loomes.
ANDERSONE, DAVID Scotland, 1597, MIM Sundial, 1597 = Tolbooth, Aberdeen. Aberdeen. Baillie 1.
ANDERTON England, fl.1783-1810, PHIM Apothecary Balances = OXF, X (1810). probably by Anderton and Calley or Anderton, Son and Calley, as Anderton is not known to have worked alone. Birmingham. Taylor 2(1259); Gunther 2; USNM; D. Crawforth-Hitchins.
ANDERTON, JAMES England, fl.1699-1706, MIM son of Nathaniel Anderton; admitted by Patrimony to the Grocers' Company on March 7, 1699; took apprentices. The Minories, London. J. Brown 1.
ANDERTON, NATHANIEL England, fl.1669-92, MIM apprenticed to Walter Hayes of the Grocers' Company on July 5, 1661; free of the Company, May 13, 1669; took apprentices; engraved a plate of a type of quadrant in 1672 for Leybourn's book, "Panorganon." London? Leybourn; Evans 1; J. Brown 1; Clay and Court.
ANDRE, A. France, 1642, MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory and silver, 1642 = Schuhmann Sale-111 = MADEX-87 = Chadenat Sale-32 = P.C.; Butterfield-type Sundials = Schuhman Sale-123, Drout-Richelieu 4/28/88. A. André. Paris. Michel 1; RSW; Price 2.
ANDREAE, JOHAN LUDOVIC variant spelling for Johann Ludwig Andreae. Tooley.
ANDREAE, JOHANN LUDWIG Germany, fl.1688-1726, MIM Celestial Globes = DEU (1715, 1717), NUR 1715), REG (1716), KRM (1716), GOT (1716, 1717), FRA (1717), MUN. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Tooley.
ANDREAE, JOHANN PHILIPP Germany, fl.1721-26, MIM Pillar Dials = SLM (1721), DEU (1724); Celestial Globe, 1726 = DEU-45876. Zinner thought he was Johann Phil. Andrecein, which see. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Lunardi.
ANDRECEIN, JOHANN PHIL. Germany, 17th Century, MIM Ring Sundial, small, with case = MERC-19 = Hamilton Coll. = Soth. 12/12/55-124. Zinner thought that he might be Johann Philipp Andreae. Nürnberg. Hamilton 1 and 2; RSW.
ANDRES, JUAN Bolivia, 1699, MIM Universal Equatorial Sundial, silver, 1699 = ADL-A263. designed for southern latitudes; Cocart-type. La Paz. ADL; RSW.
ANDRESEN, L.I. Denmark, 19th Century, NIM Compass Card = P.C. (1972). in a dry compass. Randers. Price 2.
ANDREWES, NATHAN England, d.1782, MIM Sundial, copper = Church, Ecclesfield. watchmaker. Sheffield. Gatty.
ANDREWS England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. may be W.H. Andrews, c.1790, clockmaker, listed by Baillie; see also H. Andrews. Royston. Baillie 1; Goodison 1; RSW.
ANDREWS AND SONS USA, fl.1848-93, MIM OIM Robert Fisher Andrews and his sons, Robert E. and Charles Andrews; issued a trade catalogue. Buffalo, N.Y. USNM; Smart 1; RSW.
ANDREWS, CHARLES England; USA, 1824-68, MIM OIM worked with his father, Robert Fisher Andrews and his brother Robert E. Andrews as Andrews and Sons, 1848-68. Buffalo, N.Y. and Chicago, Ill. Smart 1.
ANDREWS, H. England, c.1810, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth.-S 7/17/96. see Andrews and W.H. Andrews. Royston. RSW.
ANDREWS, HENRY 1 England, 1744-1815, MIM astronomer; globe maker. Crawforth 11; Price 2.
ANDREWS, JAMES England, MIM free of the Stationers' Company 16 years after he was bound. Crawforth 7.
ANDREWS, JOEL W. USA, 1853, PHIM Stick Barometers = VNN, Sale; Mountain Barometer, 1853 = D.(1988). the mountain barometer is signed "J. Andrews Albany, N.Y. 1855." No. 42 High Street, Albany, N.Y. Coffeen Z; MAD March, 1997; RSW.
ANDREWS, john HENRY 2 England, c.1771, apprenticed to Edward Roberts 1 in the Joiners' Company on Oct. 10, 1771. Crawforth 7.
ANDREWS, RICHARD England, c.1730, MIM apprenticed to Fisher Combs of the Clockmakers' Company on Feb. 8, 1730. J. Brown 3.
ANDREWS, ROBERT E. England; USA1829-1922, MIM OIM worked with his father, Robert Fisher Andrews and his brother Charles as Andrews and Sons, 1848-93. Buffalo, N.Y. and Chicago, Ill. Smart 1.
ANDREWS, ROBERT FISHER England; USA, 1800-68, MIM OIM the father in Andrews and Sons, which see. 14 Webster (1849-52); 171 Main (1852-67); both in Buffalo, N.Y.; also in the Chicago Ill. directories from 1857 to 93. Smart 1.
ANDREWS, W.H. England, c.1790, clockmaker; may be Andrews and/or H. Andrews, which see. Royston. Baillie 1; RSW.
ANDRIESSON, CLAES Holland, pre-1596, NIM Cross-staff (partial), 1596 = RIJ. may be the owner. Goutum. Mörzer Bruyns 2; RSW.
ANDRIVEAU, SAUVET France, c.1850, MIM Orrery = D.(1962). successor to Ch. Dien. 9 rue de Savoie, Paris. Brieux.
ANDRONIKOS Macedonia; Greece, c.50 B.C., MIM Multiple Sundial = Archeological Museum, Tenos. designed the Tower of the Winds with its dials and waterclock in Athens. Kyrrhos, Macedonia; Athens, Greece. Price 2 and 13; Noble and Price; Gibbs.
ANGELI, MICHAELIS Italy, 1812, MIM Horizontal Sundial, paper, wood, 1812 = P.C. "Michaelis Angeli a Nero Capuccini"; a Capuchin. Nero. Price 2.
ANGELO, A. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. see Dangelo and Cadenazzi. Winchester. Goodison 1.
ANGELO, ALBERTI England, fl.1822, PHIM made barometers. Fargate, Sheffield. Taylor 2(1475a).
ANGENIEUX, P. France, OIM made objectives. Usines à Saint-Heand (Loire). USNM.
ANGLICUS, GUILLELMUS France, c.1231, William the Englishman; wrote a text on the universal astrolabe. Marseilles. A.J. Turner 10.
ANGLOIS, L' misreading for Langlois.
ANICH, PETER Austria, 1723-66, MIM Floating Dials = INN(2), SLM, OBE; Polyhedral Dial = OBE; Cube Dials = INN(2), OBE; Celestial Globes, 1758 = NMM-G.133, INN, INN-Wilton(4), INN-BIB, OBE, etc.; Terrestrial Globes, 1758 = INN, INN-Wilton, INN-BIB, OBE, etc. also made wall dials and astronomical clocks. Innsbruck. Zinner 1; Britten; Baillie 1; Anich Cat.; Tooley.
ANIL, JAMES HOLCROFT France, 1824, MIM Triangle, ivory = Phillips 10/5/76. "Engineer." Paris. RSW.
ANNABOLDI, LEWIS England, c.1830, PHIM misreading for Arnoboldi, which see. Taylor 2(1764).
ANNIN, WILLIAM B. USA, 1791-1839, MIM fl.1813-39; globe maker; patent for artificial globe, 1826; engraved maps for Loring globes; worked with George Girdler Smith, an engraver. Boston. Vietor; Bedini 8; Yonge.
ANONE, FRANCIS England, fl.1802-08, OIM PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2). also made telescopes and thermometers; see Frans Anone. 242 High Holborn; 82 High Holborn; 26 High Holborn (1802-08); all in London. Goodison 1.
ANONE, FRANS England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. may be Francis Anone, which see. 51 Fetter Lane, Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
ANONE, FRS. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. probably Francis Anone. Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
ANSCHEUTZ AND CO. England, c.1800, PHIM Index Balance = Christie 6/7/72; Coin Balance = Christie 4/9/75. RSW.
ANSONIA CLOCK CO. USA, c.1922, MIM Horizontal Sundial, aluminium case = WHI, ADL. the instruction book is labled "Sunwatch"; it was made for the Boy Scouts. Bryden 16; ADL; RSW.
ANTHEAUME France, fl.1765-70, OIM made achromatic lenses. Paris. Daumas 1.
ANTHONY, E. AND H.T. USA, c.1850, PHIM made apparatus for ambrotype, Daguerrean and photographic business. New York. Romaine; USNM.
ANTHONY, JACOB USA, c.1788, MIM also a turner. Philadelphia, Pa. Bedini 8.
ANTHONY, JOHN England, c.1773, MIM apprenticed to Thomas Ripley 1 of the Grocers' Company on Dec. 2, 1765; free of the Company on June 3, 1773. J. Brown 1.
ANTONI, GEORGE Austria, late 18th Century, Astronomical Clock, long case = VIU. Vienna. Baillie.
ANTONINO, P. 1744, MIM Pillar Dial, wood, 1744 = Koller 11/17/75. RSW.
ANTONIUS, MARCUS France, 1602, MIM Armillary Sphere, 1602 = MADEX-3. signed "Marcus Antonius Marrolensis Patumum", the last two names being towns. Beauce. Michel 1.
ANTRAM, JOSEPH England, c.1718, MIM member of Clockmakers' Company; took over an apprentice from John Gilbert 1 of the Grocers' Company, 1718; presumed to be a MIM. London. J. Brown 1.
ANZANI see Guggiari and Anzani; may be Anziani, which see. Pelham Street, Nottingham. Taylor 2(2142).
ANZIANI see D. Guggiari and Anziani. Goodison 1.
AO. H. 1748, MIM SIM Compass with sights for plane table, 1748 = P.C. signed "Ao. H." RSW.
APELQUIST, CARL Sweden; England; Sweden, c.1794-1824, MIM studied instrument-making with Ramsden and William Fraser; ran several foundries. Norrköping; Marieberg; Stockholm. Pipping 1.
APFELBACHER, PHILIP, B.D. Germany, 1693, MIM Bow Dividers, wood, 1693 = DEU. RSW.
APIAN, PETER Germany, c.1495-1552, MIM Wall Dial, 1524 = castle, Trausnitz; Celestial Globes, 1541 = Charles V; Pillar Dial = Duke William IV. family name was Bennowitz; instrument designer; author; University of Ingolstadt, 1533; described the nocturnal in 1533 and the torquetum c. 1540. Ingolstadt. Michel 1; Van Ortroy 1; Wattenberg; Zinner 1; Maddison 1. Stevenson.
APIAN, PHILIP Germany, 1531-89, MIM Astrolabe and Cosmolabe = lost; Pair of Globes, 1576 = K.B. Library, Munich. son of Peter Apian; family name was Bennowitz. Ingolstadt; Tubingen. Zinner 1; Wattenberg; Stevenson; Tooley 1.
APPEL, ALOYSI VON Germany, MIM Augsburg-type Sundial = Drecker Coll. Evans 1.
APPLEBY, JOSHUA England, 1705, apprenticed to Daniel Quare 1 in the Clockmakers' Company, 1705. J. Brown 3.
APPOLD England, c.1850, PHIM invented and/or made a "Register Hygrometer." USNM.
APPS, ALFRED England, post-1856, MIM OIM PHIM Mathematical Drawing Instrument Set = D.(1972). optician; T.C. 433 Strand, London, W.C. Calvert 2; RSW.
APRILE, F. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Braintree. Goodison 1.
APRILE, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2); Stick Barometer = X. possibly Josh Aprile, which see. Goodison 1.
APRILE, JOSH England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2). Sudbury. Goodison 1.
AR/CENNI Germany, 1581, MIM Navicula Sundial, 1581 = BM-1893/6/16-8. destroyed. Cologne. Price 3; Ward 4.
ARBON AND KRAP Holland, c.1835, NIM Octants = ANM, AMST; Sextant = ROT; Pocket Sextant = P.C. H.G. Arbon and the Widow A.H. Krap had a shop in Rotterdam, c.1835. Rotterdam. Namur Exhib. Cat; Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2.
ARCHBUTT, J. AND W.E. England, 1867-92, MIM Sector, ivory = D.(1984); Barometer, pocket = PC. John and William Edward (son) Archbutt. 201 Westminster Bridge Road, London. RSW; WEBDB.
ARCHBUTT, JOHN, AND SONS England, fl.1864-66, MIM Sector, ivory = D.(1984). T.C. states that the firm started in 1795; J. Archbutt and Sons fl.1864-66; John and William Edward (son) fl.1867-92. 201 Westminster Bridge Road, London. Crawforth 11; Taylor 2(916); O'Mara; RSW.
ARCHIPOV Russia, see Babkov and Archipov. GEL Notes, 1973.
ARCKEN, VAN Holland, c.1850, MIM Astronomical Instrument = BOM 1906. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
ARCUTT, GEORGE England, c.1698, MIM apprenticed for eight years to William Bennett of the Clockmakers' Company on Feb. 8, 1698. J. Brown 3.
ARDUINO, GIOVANNI Italy, 1754, MIM SIM Bussola Agrimensoria, 1754 = P.C. universal surveying instrument; designer and maker. Vicenza. Brophy.
AREIAENSEN, IAN Holland, MIM Sundial, portable = Fry Coll. could be Jan Areiaensen. Gunther 2.
ARESSE, F. HIERONYMUS DE Spain, 1598, MIM Sundial, portable, 1598 = Evans Coll. an alternative spelling was Arresse. Evans 1; Gunther 2; Michel 3; Earle; Price 2.
ARGAND, JEAN France, c.1800, PHIM Thermometer, silver, case = Ineichen 5/10/76. signed "Argand." Paris. RSW.
ARGILL, THOMAS England, c.1800, MIM apprenticed to Joseph Rust 1 of the Grocers' Company on Feb. 7, 1793; free of the Company on Mar. 6, 1800. J. Brown 1.
ARIANO, CHARLES England, c.1830, PHIM barometer maker; may be misreading for Charles Aiano, which see. 91 Northgate, Canterbury. Taylor 2(1765).
ARIGONI misreading for Origoni in 1841. Goodison 1.
ARLERI, FRA A. Italy, c.1780, PHIM Vacuum Pump = Municipal Museum, Modena. invented by Abbé L. Bacelli. Italian Inventory.
ARLES DEMONTIGNY see Montigny, Arles de. Augarde.
ARMAND, JACQUES-ETIENNE France, 1732-80, MIM Compass Dial, 1780 = NMM-D.139. apprenticed to Jacques Canivet, Nov. 26, 1747, in the "Corporation des fondeurs"; free in the "Corporation", 1755. Paris. NMM 2; Augarde 1.
ARMSTRONG, JOHN 1 England, c.1720, MIM apprenticed to Thomas Bulkeley of the Clockmakers' Company on June 13, 1720. J. Brown 3.
ARMSTRONG, JOHN 2 England, c.1725, MIM apprenticed to James Wilson of the Clockmakers' Company on April 10, 1725. J. Brown 3.
ARMSTRONG, THOMAS, AND BROTHER England, NIM PHIM Sextant = Soth. 4/24/72; Barograph = Phillips 12/12/89; Binocular Microscope = Christie-SK 7/10/80. Manchester and Liverpool. Crawforth 11; RSW.
ARMSTRONG, W., AND CO. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 1/27/89. Chichester. RSW.
ARMSTRONG, WILLIAM GEORGE England, 1810-1900, PHIM Electrostatic Machines = FLO, TEY. Sir William George Armstrong; electrical engineer; first to put in a domestic hydro-electric plant in Cragside in 1840. Cragside, Northumberland. Bonelli 1; G.L'E. Turner 7 and 24; RSW.
ARNABOLDI, JARVIS USA, c.1859, PHIM New York N.Y. D.J. Warner 5.
ARNABOLDI, L. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Phillips 11/16/76. Shoreditch. RSW.
ARNABOLDI, LEWIS England, c.1835, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. signed "Arnaboldi"; also made thermometers. Steep Hill, Lincoln. Goodison 1.
ARNAULD, HEINRICH see Henri Arnault. Zinner 1; Price 2; A.J. Turner 10.
ARNAULT, HENRI Holland; France, fl. 1427-60, MIM Astronomical Clock, 1455 = Charles VII; Astrolabe = NUR (ICA-548); Orrery, 1427 = Duke of Burgundy; Sundials, 1431 = Duke of Burgundy (2). pupil of Johanne Fusoris; sometimes called Heinrich Arnold or Heinrich Arnauld; probably Henricus de Hollandia; astrolabe is signed "Henricus de Hollandia." Zwolle; Paris; Dijon. Poulle 1; Price 1; ICA 2; Zinner 1; A.J. Turner 10.
ARNDT, J.G. Germany, fl.1718-25, MIM Sector = DRE; Triquetrum, 1718 = BRS; Pillar Dial, 1725 = DEU-63427. Zinner 1; RSW.
ARNOLD AND CO. USA, fl.1850-63, MIM SIM Surveying Compass, case = D.(1971). Chicago, Ill. Moskowitz 103.
ARNOLD AND DENT England, fl.1830-40, John Roger Arnold and Edward John Dent; see latter's entry; clock and chronometer makers. 84 Strand, London. Taylor 2(1310); Brewington 1; G.L'E. Turner 24.
ARNOLD, C. Germany, 1731, MIM Instrument = X. Evans 1.
ARNOLD, CHARLES WILSON England, b.1795 d.1829, NIM Octant = NMM. NMM 2; RSW.
ARNOLD, JAMES England, fl.1829-36, MIM OIM PHIM 5 Union Crescent, Whitechapel, London. Taylor 2(1766); O'Mara.
ARNOLD, JOHN ROGER England, 1769-1843, NIM Tide Gauge = AMST. clock and chronometer maker; see Arnold and Dent. London. Mörzer Bruyns 1; J.A. Bennett 2.
ARNOLD, THOMAS USA, c.1830, MIM NIM made quadrants and sextants. Philadelphia, Pa. USNM.
ARNOLDI AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-S 10/19/89. see Donato Arnoldi. Gloucester. RSW.
ARNOLDI, ARNOLDO DI Italy; Holland, c.1600, NIM Quadrant = HAK-1911/462. compass maker; the quadrant is also marked "fiamingo"; made for the Cardinal of Montalto; Amsterdam. Morpurgo 1; Mörzer Bruyns 2; RSW.
ARNOLDI, C.E. AND F. Germany, c.1850, MIM exhibited at the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London. Elgersburg, Gotha, Prussia. G.L'E. Turner 24.
ARNOLDI, DONATO England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2). one signed "D. Arnoldi"; see Arnoldi and Co. Gloucester. Goodison 1; RSW.
ARNOLDI, MATTHIAS Germany, 1691, MIM Diptych Dial, 1691 = MUN-33/179. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Price 2.
ARNOTT, ISAAC England, c.1784, apprenticed to Michael Dancer in the Joiners' Company on Oct. 5, 1784. Crawforth 7.
ARNOULT France, c.1786, OIM worked at the Observatory. Paris. Daumas 1.
ARNOUT 1772, MIM Vertical Pin Gnomon Dial, 1772 = DEU-62546. Price 2.
ARONSBERG, M. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth.-S 1/25/89. Liverpool. RSW.
AROSSI Sweden, PHIM Stick Barometer = NOR. owner? stormy? RSW.
ARRESSE see Aresse.
ARRIGHI, PAULUS-SEBASTIANUS Italy, 1747, MIM Armillary Sphere, 1747 = X. dedicated to Egnatio Danti. Florence. Michel 3.
ARROWSMITH, AARON England, c.1840, MIM Terrestial Globe = Wotton Auction 12/30/96. had George Frederick Cruchley as an apprentice. London. Yonge; ATG 2/1/97.
ARSANDEAUX France, c.1800, MIM PHIM Planetarium = CNAM-1446; Pyrometer = CNAM-1492. Paris. Daumas 1; Grimaldi(986).
ARSENIO, A.F., CAPUCINORUM France, c.1853, MIM made sundials at Aix-les-Bains, Annecy, etc. Gatty.
ARSENIUS, FERDINAND Belgium; Holland, fl.1573-1628, MIM Astrolabe, 1573 = Christie 5/18/53 = NMM; Astrolabes = MAA (1618), KEN; Tympans(2) = CNAM (913, 914). ICA 437, 464, 233; 437 owned by Thomas Whitestones, signed on back "F.A. nepos Gemma Frisi"; worked for Plantin, 1589-1628. Louvain; Antwerp (1607-1618). Gunther 1; Price 1 & 2; ICA 2; Van Ortroy 2; Zinner 1; Tooley; Michel 1 and 2; Rooseboom 1; CNAM Horloges Cat.
ARSENIUS, GUALTERUS Belgium, fl.1554-1579, MIM his work is characterized by exceptionally handsome astrolabes, armillary spheres, astronomical rings, radii astronomici, etc; examples may be seen at ADL, KES, CLU, NMM, LEL, MAA, MAS, MUN, NOR, OXF, AUG, BM, BRC, LEY, KEN, FLO, CNAM, National Museum of History, Mexico City, etc. Arsenius was the nephew of Gemma Frisius, his work is often signed "G.A. Nepos G.F."; made a rete and a tympan for an astrolabe by Muh. bin Fattuh al Khama'iri in Seville, 1223 A.D.; Loyola U., Chicago has a throne from an 86cm. astrolabe. Antwerp; Louvain. Michel 1, 2, and 4; Van Ortroy 2; Zinner 1; Price 1 and 3; Ward 4; Bonelli 1; Rooseboom 1; Garcia Franco 1; D. Rowe; Brieux 2; NMM 2; ICA 2; Gunther 1; Engelmann 1; J.A. Bennett 2; A.J. Turner 10; Syndram; ADL; Islamic Cat. 1989; RSW.
ARSENIUS, REGNERUS Belgium, fl.1565-74, MIM Astrolabes = OXF (1565), SGS (1565), CNAM-3.907 (1569). Roussel-197 is dated 1565; ICA 229, 230, X; Oxf also marked "Nepos G.F."; nephew of Gemma Frisius; Evans thought him uncle of Gualterus Arsenius; Maddison feels he was Gualterus Arsenius and became director of the workshop in 1552 when Mercator went to Duisberg; sometimes seen as Rennerus. Antwerp; Louvain. Zinner 1; Gunther 1; Van Ortroy 2; Michel 1 and 2; Price 1; ICA 2; USNM; Maddison; RSW.
ARSENIUS, REMI see Remigius Arsenius. Michel 2 and 4; Rooseboom 1.
ARSENIUS, REMIGIUS Belgium, c.1569, MIM Nautical Quadrant, 1570 = KEN; Astronomical Ring, Oct., 1569 = X; Astrolabe, Sept., 1569 = X. the astrnomical ring and the astrolabe were both bought by Plantin; this may be Regnerus Arsenius, which see. Louvain. Michel 2 and 4; Rooseboom 1; Mörzer Bruyns 2.
ARSENIUS, RENIER see Regnerus Arsenius.
ARSENIUS, RENNERUS BelgiumMIM see Regnerus Arsenius. USNM.
ARSTALL, GEORGE England, fl.1807-16, PHIM made beam scales and Dicas hydrometers until 1816; see Mary Dicas and Arstall. Liverpool. Bryden 9.
ARTALLI, D. England, PHIM Barometer = P.C.; Stick Barometer = X. Bath. Goodison 1; RSW.
ARTOLET, BERTRAND France, fl.1755-80, MIM apprenticed to Jacques Le Maire in the "Corporation des fondeurs", on July 22, 1731(?); Augarde said he was born 1732, but dates don't agree. Paris. Augarde 1.
ARTONQUELLI Italy, 1764, OIM mentioned in 1764 by Lalande as an instrument maker, probably of telescopes. Daumas 1; Dewhirst.
ARZONI, G. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2); Soth.-S 9/18/86. Canterbury. Goodison 1; Crawforth 11; RSW.
ARZONI, I.H. Holland, c.1800, PHIM Barometer = Fries Museum, Leeuwarden. Leeuwarden. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
ARZONI, J. misreading for G. Arzoni. Crawforth 11; RSW.
ARZT, MARCUS Germany, c.1600, MIM Astronomical Clock = MUN. Munich. RSW.
ASABONE Scotland, c.1850, OIM Telescope = Maritime Museum of British Columbia. USNM card questions the name. Glasgow. USNM.
ASH, JOHN see John Nash. J. Brown 1.
ASH, M. England, PHIM Stick Barometer, walnut = Soth.=S 10/19/89. Birmingham. RSW.
ASHLEY, THOMAS England, c.1749, MIM T.C.; optician. at ye Ggolden Spectacles in Sidney's Alley near Leicester Fields; Cranbourne Alley, Westminster (1749); both in London. Taylor 2(327); Clay and Court; Dewhirst; Daumas 1; Holbrook; Crawforth 1.
ASHMORE AND OSBORNE England, c.1830, OIM Spyglass = MYS. Osborne 1. 42 Burgess Street, Sheffield. Taylor 2(1767); RSW.
ASHMORE, WILLIAM England, c.1825, OIM Telescope = MYS. see Ashmore and Osborn. Sheffield. RSW; Taylor 2(1767).
ASHTON, JOHN England, c.1817, see Thomas Gill. Taylor 2(1341).
ASINI, JOHAN BAPTISTA Italy, 1520-22, MIM NIM Sundial, 1522 = FLO-122; Compass Rose, = FLO-1293. Michel thinks he is 200 years later. Florence. Bonelli 1; Michel 3.
ASINUS, MICHAEL France, 1602, MIM Astrolabe, paper tympans, 1602 = CLU-7024 = Renaissance Museum, Ecouen. ICA-215; Bonelli shows variant dates. Caen. Bonelli 1; Gunther 1; Price 1; ICA 2; Michel 2 and 3; Nachet.
ASKE, HENRY England, c.1688, member of the Clockmakers' Company; George Graham was apprenticed to him on July 2, 1688. London. J. Brown 3; Robischon; Loomes 2.
ASKEY, THOMAS England, fl.1808-18, OIM optician. 77 Litchfield Street (1808); Litchfield Street (1818); both in Birmingham. Bryden 9.
ASLIN England, T.C.; shagreen and morocco case maker. 15 Lower Smith Street, Northampton Square, Clerkenwell, London. Calvert 2; Crawforth 1.
ASNE, MICHAEL L' see Michael Asinus. Michel 3.
ASPHER, PETER Italy, 1586, MIM Celestial Globe, 1586 = NMM-G.41. Padua. Tooley; NMM 2.
ASSELINNE, DAVID France, c.1620, MIM Sundial, portable = Capt. Creagh-Osborne Coll. (1923); Diptych sundials, ivory = Findlay Sale-209 = NMM, ADL-DPW17. the ivory sundial at the ADL has been treated with acid to give it the appearance of tortoiseshell. Dieppe. Gunther 2; Michel 3; Price 2; NMM 2; ADL; RSW.
ASSHETON, RICHARD England, 1659, MIM Folding Rule, pear wood, 1659 = NMM. Taylor 1(279); Dewhirst; Evans 1; Clay and Court.
ASSIER-PERRICAT France, c.1800, PHIM succeeded his father, Antoine Assier-Perricat; associated himself with the widow of Betalli; made barometers and thermometers; "démonstrateur au Lycée des Arts pour la contruction des baromètres." Paris. Daumas 1; Middleton 1.
ASSIER-PERRICAT, ANTOINE France, fl.1771-1805, PHIM Thermometer = GEM. barometer and thermometer maker; "Ingénieur et mbre. de la Société des Arts et Sciences; succeeded by his son; see Bourbon and Assier-Perricat. Rue St. Germain l'Auxerrois Place de l'Ecole, No. 14, Paris. Daumas 1; A.J. Turner 10; Middleton 1.
ASTON AND MANDER England, c.1840-1915, MIM made slide rules; George Mander. London. O'Mara; Moskowitz 111.
ASTON, ISAAC England, fl.1814-27, MIM Slide Rules, boxwood = Kenny Sale-124 = P.C. = ADL-DPW38, Soth. 5/10/76; Rules, folding = Christie 12/18/74, 4/9/75, and 12/8/76. the Kenny rule is four-sided, all are signed "I. Aston." 25 Old Compton, Soho, London. Taylor 2(1262); ADL; RSW.
ASTON, SAMUEL England, fl.1787-1818, MIM rule maker. Cheapside (1787); 5 Water Street (1801); Birchole Street (1818); all in Birmingham. Bryden 9.
ASTON, T. 1 England, c.1840, MIM Slide Rule, ivory and electrum = P.C. marked "The Original Maker." London. Delehar 4.
ASTON, T. 2 England, fl.1856-65, MIM Slide Rules, Routledge-Bolton-type = DEU (2). rule maker; his work is marked "Original Maker." 216 Heneage Street, Birmingham. Crawforth 5; RSW.
ASTON, T. 3 England, c.1856, MIM rule maker. Brueton's Walk, Prospect Row, Birmingham. Crawforth 5.
ASTON, THOMAS 1 England, c.1818, MIM made rules. Coleshill Street, Birmingham. Bryden 9.
ASTON, THOMAS 2 England, c.1828, MIM rule maker. 20 Bartholomew Row, Birmingham. Crawforth 5.
ASTON, THOMAS 3 England, fl.1841-56, MIM rule maker; 25 1/2 Willis Street, Birmingham. Crawforth 5.
ASTON, THOMAS 4 England, fl.1841-56, MIM rule maker; worked in boxwood and ivory. 17 Jenner's Row, Birmingham. Crawforth 5.
ASTON, WILLIAM England, c.1770, MIM made wooden rules. Birmingham. Bryden 9.
ATELIER H. MORIN ET GENSE the workshop of Henri Morin and Gense. RSW.
ATKIN 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Alford, Lincoln. Goodison 1.
ATKIN 2 England, pre-1871, PHIM Stick Barometer = OMM. Newcastle. RSW.
ATKINS England, fl.1818-19, NIM patented, in 1819, a "Meridian Declination Dial for Compass Deviation." Hornsey Road, Islington. Taylor 2(1263).
ATKINS AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2), Soth. 7/21/87. Fenchurch Street, London. Goodison 1; RSW.
ATKINS, GEORGE, AND CO. England, fl.1817-22, OIM Tooley Street, Southwark (1817); Churchyard Alley, Boro' (1822); both in London. Taylor 2(1263).
ATKINS, ROBERT England, c. 1802, PHIM made hydrometers; Society of Artsgave him an award for hydrometers; had Quin as a partner, pre-1802. Craven Street, Strand, London. McConnell 4.
ATKINSON, H. England, c.1790, MIM Levelling Staff = P.C.(1987). to "T. Fenwick"; owner? RSW.
ATKINSON, JAMES 1 England, pre-1665-1711, MIM Taylor said he was apprenticed to Andrew Wakely (of the Joiners' Company?) and succeeded him at his shop; Crawforth found no record; free of the Joiners' Company; admitted to the Clockmakers' Company as Brother in 1668; took apprentices; took his son or nephew, James Atkinson 2, as a partner. St. Savior's Dock near the Griffin (pre-1665); Redriff Wall (Rotherhithe Wall) by Cherry Garden Stairs (south bank of Thames) (1665-1711); both in London. Taylor 1(312); Evans 1; Hamilton 1; J. Brown 1 and 3; Crawforth 7; Robischon; Loomes 2.
ATKINSON, JAMES 2 England, fl.1700-28, MIM NIM Backstaff, 1728 = X. son or nephew of James Atkinson 1; partner with him and successor; advertised Coggeshall's slide rule in 1724. St. Savior's Dock; 21 Cherry Garden Stairs, Rotherhithe Wall; both in London. Taylor (515), 2(3); Clay and Court; Dewhirst; Evans 1.
ATKINSON, JOHN 1 England, d.1673, NIM compass maker. Harwich, Essex. Taylor 1(255).
ATKINSON, JOHN 2 England, fl.1764-95, MIM apprenticed to George Wright 1 in the Grocers' Company on May 11, 1736; turned over to John Farmer 2, a Joiner, on Sept. 25, 1739; free of the Grocers' Company on March 6, 1764; took apprentices. Whitechapel, London (1764-88). J. Brown 1; Crawforth 7.
ATWELL, GEORGE England, 1588?-1659, MIM SIM designed and improved instruments for dialling and surveying; author. Cambridge. Taylor 1(116); DNB.
ATWOOD, AMOS G. USA, 1841-72, MIM made spirit levels. Nashua, NH. DATM.
ATWOOD, GEORGE England, 1740-1807, invented the Atwood Machine in 1780 to find the gravity constant; F.R.S., 1776. Cambridge. Taylor 2(565); G.L'E. Turner 24.
ATWOOD, WILLIAM England, c.1840, OIM Telescope = D.(1986). signed "Wm. Atwood Portable." RSW.
AUBRIUS, I. Germany, 1605, MIM Diptych Sundial, gilt-brass, 1605 = Spaulding Coll. Trecensis. Hamilton 2.
AUBRY, GILLES-CLAUDE France, c.1746, apprenticed to Gilbert François in the "Corporation des fondeurs" on Dec. 13, 1717; master in the "Corporation", June 30, 1746; not known to have mane instruments. Paris. Augarde 1.
AUCH, JACOB Germany, 1765-1842, MIM Calculating machines = DRE (1790) and STU. these were a type of calculating instrument which he had invented; watch and clockmaker; pupil of Philipp Matthaus Hahn. Echterdingen (1765-87); Vaihingen an der enz and Karlsruhe (1787-98); Weimar (1798-1842). Evans 1; Friess.
AUDEBERT, DENYS Holland, fl.1709-63, MIM made armillary spheres; granted patent for terrestrial and celestial globes in 1735. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1.
AUFLEGER, JOSEPH Germany, 1838, MIM Analemmatic Sundial, stone, 1838 = MUN; Cannon Sundial = DEU. see Joseph Ausfleger, surely the same. Price 2; Evans 1.
AUGUST, ERNST FERDINAND Germany, 1795-1870, PHIM coined the word, `Psychrometer' in 1818; inventor. G.L'E. Turner 24.
AUGUST, J., KURFURST VON SACHSEN Germany, fl.1553-86, MIM Sundials, wood, 1560 = DRE-A420 and A422; Sundial, 1569 = DRE-A424. J. August, Kürfurst von Sachsen; designed four mining compasses. Saxony. Zinner 1; A.J. Turner 10.
AUGUSTIN MIM Universal Equinoctial Sundial = Evans Coll. Earle.
AUGUSTUS, JOHN ANTHONY England, c.1830, MIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. signed "Augustus Falmouth"; see I. Agosti. Church Street, Falmouth. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1768a).
AUREL, P. France, MIM Universal Sundial with watch face = OXF. perhaps P. Aurelius. Vienne. Evans 1; Zinner 1; Michel 3.
AURELIUS, PATER 1 Czechoslovakia, 1765, MIM Table Sundials, 1765 = Brünn Stadtmuseum, DEU-1697. also signed "a S. Augustino"; see Pater Aurelius (2) a San Daniele. Brünn. Zinner 1; Czech. Inventory.
AURELIUS, PATER 2 Austria, fl.1762-70, MIM Heliochronometer, 1762 = Brünn Stadtmuseum; Astronomical Clock, 1770 = MUN. also signed "a San Daniele"; see Pater Aurelius (1) a S. Augustino. Vienna. Zinner 1; Czech. Inventory.
AURIFABER, PETRUS see Johann Crolius. Price 2.
AURIFEX see Bernardinus; "goldsmith."
AURRAY, CLAUDE France, 1613, MIM Sundial, 1613 = Museum, Clermont-Ferrand. Gatty.
AUSFELD, H. Germany, c.1850, MIM exhibited in the 1851 Great Exhibition in London. Gotha, Prussia. G.L'E. Turner 24.
AUSFLEGER, JOSEPH Germany, MIM Horizontal Dial, stone = DEU. see Joseph Aufleger, surely the same. RSW.
AUSTEN, HENRY England, c.1712, MIM apprenticed to Richard Conyers of the Clockmakers' Company on April 18, 1700; free of the Company, Sept. 1, 1712; took apprentices. J. Brown 3.
AUSTIN Ireland, OIM Telescope = D.(1976). 39 Westmoreland Street, Dublin. Rinaldi 2.
AUSTIN, JOHN Ireland, fl.1818-20, MIM 2 Essex Quay, Dublin. Morrison-Low and Burnett.
AUSTIN, SAMUEL England, c.1700, free of the Stationers' Company between 1664 and 1747. Crawforth 7.
AUTHENRIETH Germany, MIM NIM Quadrant = HEI. Heilbron. RSW.
AUTOR see R.S. and J. da Silva (J.S. 2); probably author or maker. ADL; RSW.
AUZOUT, ADRIEN France, fl.1667-1729, OIM made telescopes; improved the micrometer; pioneered in metrology; author. Paris. Daumas 1; Bonelli 1; Hamilton; Stebbins; Goldschmidt 70; G.L'E. Turner 24; Price 2; A.J. Turner 10; Middleton 1.
AVERNIK, A.G. see Avernik Gebroeders. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
AVERNIK, GEBRS. Holland, c.1750, NIM Compass, wood, pivoted card = Soth. 3/25/86. entry says "A.G. Avernik" but card is signed "Gebrs. Avernik." Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2; RSW.
AVERY, JOHN USA, 1732-94, MIM SIM Surveying Compasses = Western Reserve Historical Socity, Cleveland, Ohio; P.C. (1787). used by George Washington when surveying for Lord Faifax. New Preston, Conn.; Bridgewater, N.Y. Smart 1; USNM; Bedini 1 and 8; Guthman 1.
AVERY, THOMAS 1 England, d.1843, PHIM balance maker; see W. and T. Avery 1. Birmingham. RSW.
AVERY, THOMAS 2 England, c.1843, PHIM balance maker; see W. and T. Avery 2; son of Thomas Avery 1. Birmingham. RSW.
AVERY, THOMAS C. USA, fl.1846-55, MIM NIM PHIM won a diploma in 1846 for a magnetic bath. 77 Charlton Street, New York City. USNM.
AVERY, W. AND T. 1 England, fl.1817-43, PHIM Balances = PRM, Christie 11/22/78, D.(1977); Double Balance = K. and C. 10/8/75; Set of Coin Scales, steel = Phillips 2/14/79; Butcher's Steelyard = OXF; etc. "Late T. Beach, Patent" on D. balance; some signed "Avery"; some balances may be by W. and T. Avery 2. Digbeth, Birmingham. Giordano 1; Moskowitz 111; G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
AVERY, W. AND T. 2 England, fl.1843-95+, PHIM Pocket Balance = Christie-SK 7/100/80. balance makers; William Avery 2 and Thomas Avery 2 were sons of Thomas Avery 1 of W. and T. Avery 1; they took over firm when their father died in 1843; balance is signed W. and T. Avery Ltd. Birmingham. G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
AVERY, WILLIAM 1 England, PHIM balance maker; see W. and T. Avery 1. Birmingham. RSW.
AVERY, WILLIAM 2 England, fl.1843-, PHIM balance maker; son of Thomas Avery 1; see W. and T. Avery 2. Birmingham. RSW.
AVINC, F. JOSEPH MIM Diptych Dial, ivory, large = OXF. Evans thought him "Avin." Evans 1; RSW.
AVIZARD FRERES France, c.1900, OIM PHIM Barograph, No. 237 = GEM. "Maison de l'Ingr. Chevallier Optn. Avizard Fres. Sucrs.". 21 rue Royale, Paris. G.L'E. Turner 24.
AVRANCHES France, Pillar Sundial, wood = Soth. 2/5/53. surely made for the town of Avranches. RSW.
AXELSON, A.J. Sweden, c.1850, PHIM Balance = STM. Målargränd 6, Stockholm. Pipping 1; RSW.
AYBER, EGIDIUS 1566, MIM Celestial Globe, copper-gilt, 1566 = NUR. Price 2.
AYERSCHOTTELS, GEORG Germany, 1614, MIM Astrolabe, 1614 = GEL. ICA-3102. Nürnberg. Chenekal 2; ICA 2.
AYRES, BENJAMIN Holland, 18th Century, MIM NIM SIM Octants, wood = DOR, RIJ, AMST (partial); Sextant = TEY; Theodolite = LEY; Sun Compasses = LEY, UTR-Physics Lab., TEY; Azimuth Compass with an octant mounted on top = TEY; Vernier Calipers = UTR; Circumferentor = UTR; Set of Drawing Instruments = Burndy Library, Norwalk, Conn; Equatorial Sundial = UTR. invented the vernier calipers; also signed "Aires." Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1; Daumas 1; Zinner 1; RSW; G.L'E. Turner 7; USNM; Evans 1; de Rijk; Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2.
AYSCOUGH, JAMES England, fl.1732-62, MIM OIM PHIM Microscopes = KEN, FLO; Telescopes = KEN, Court Coll., Phillips 12/2/87; Stick Barometers = VAA, D.(1975). apprenticed to James Mann 2, in 1732, in the Spectaclemakers' Company; free of the Company in 1740; partner with Mann 2, 1740-48; James Linnell was apprenticed to him in 1754 and succeeded him; see Mann and Ayscough; T.C.; succeeded by his wife who kept his name on T.C.; Phillips marked "Inv et Fe." Archimedes and Two Pairs of Golden Spectacles, near Castle Tavern, Fleet Street (1740-48); Great Golden Spectacles and Quadrant, Ludgate Street (1740-52 or longer); 33 Ludgate Street (Taylor thinks he was alone in 1749); all in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(226); RSW; Calvert 2; Daumas 1; Bonelli 1; Evans 1; Clay and Court; Dewhirst; Crawforth 1; Court and von Rohr 3(135); Tyler.
AYSCOUGH, MANUEL England, OIM Microscope = WHI. Taylor 2(226).
AYSCOUGH, MRS. JAMES England, fl.1759-66+, MIM OIM PHIM succeeded her husband, James Ayscough; kept his name on the T.C. at the Golden Spectacles and Quadrant, no. 33 in Ludgate Street, near St. Paul's, London. Crawforth 1.
AYTOWN, WILLIAM Scotland, c.1631, MIM Vertical Sundials = Heriot's Hospital, Edinburgh (11). Gatty.
B. 1 1673, MIM Folding Rule, wood, 1673 = OXF. RSW.
B. 2 1770, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1770 = Evans Coll.? Evans 1.
B. 3 MIM Diptych Sundials = D.(1965), ADL-W195. they have fleur-de-lys marks. ADL; RSW.
B. 4 Germany, c.1780, MIM Compass Sundials = D.(1980), OXF, ADL-W182, Christie-G. 5/13/86, Peron et Corsy in Melun, 6/10/79, etc. the "B" is punched on the hour-scale; we agree with Moskowitz who suggests that these sundials were made by David Beringer on the basis of the sundial in WHI, which is identical except that it is signed "David Beringer"; see also "D.B." Nürnberg. Evans 1; Moskowitz 132; ADL; RSW.
B. 5 Germany, 18th Century, MIM Diptych Sundial, wood and ivory = D.(1978). decorated with three-leaf clovers; "B" stamped in compass box. Moskowitz 116.
B. 6 c.1740, MIM Sandglass = AMST. signed on top. Mörzer Bruyns 1.
B.A. 1 Germany, 1561, MIM Astrolabe, 1561 = BASH (lost). ICA-3013. Zinner 1; ICA 2; RSW.
B.A. 2 Germany, c.1550, MIM SIM Surveying Quadrant = BM-97/1/12-1. see Bartholomew, Abbot; see P. Ildephonsus Mahrer. Price 3; Ward 4.
B.A.D. see D.H.S. RSW.
B.A.M. Germany, 1719, MIM Ring Sundial, 1719 = Evans Coll. Evans 1.
B.B. 1 France, 1655, MIM made portable sundials. Blois. Gunther 2; Hamilton 1.
B.B. 2 Germany, c.1750, MIM made sundials. Pipping 1.
B.B.C. Holland, c.1700, MIM Perpetual Calendar = Soth. 12/12/55. RSW.
B.B.G. Holland, c.1590, MIM Sundial with Quadrant = Hamilton Coll. Hamilton 2.
B.C. MIM Sandglass, double = NMM-H.12. NMM 2.
B.D.G. France, 1595, MIM SIM Radio Latino, 1595 = Roussel-9 = NMM; Rule, gilt-brass = MADEX-457. rule is ex-Strauss Coll. Michel 3; Price 2.
B.E. Germany, Zinner said to see "C. Fredensburg", but there is no such entry. Zinner 1.
B.F. Germany, 1600, MIM Celestial Globe, 1600 = DRE. Zinner 1; RSW.
B.H. 1 Austria, fl.1583-84, MIM Astrolabe, 1583 = POB; Nocturnal with Vertical Sundial, 1584 = POB. nocturnal is MADEX-222; astrolabe is ICA-3019. Vienna. Zinner 1; Michel 1; MADEX; Price 2; M.J. Hagen; ICA 2.
B.H. 2 England, c.1750, MIM Universal Ring Sundial = Soth. 11/27/72 = D.(1974). owner?; initials in flowing script. Wynter and Turner; Wynter 1.
B.H. 3 punchmark on Barent Hendricke compass dial at NOR. RSW.
B.K. Germany, 1569, MIM Artillery Level, 1569 = ADL-M203. the initials are punched in a shield with crossed swords between, one of the sword points ends in a cross. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
B.M. 1772?, OIM Martin-type Barrel Microscope = Soth. 4/28/69. RSW.
B.P. 1 1601, MIM Horizontal Sundial, stone, 1601 = X. Brieux 2.
B.P. 2 Germany, late 18th Century, MIM Diptych Sundials, wood and paper = EMA, PTA, REG, STS, WAI, and ZIT. Zinner 1.
B.R.H. "B." over "R.H."; marked on a silver quadrant by Richard Blaxam at the BM. Price 3; Ward 4.
B.S. Germany, 1562, MIM Sundial inside bottom plate of round table clock, 1562 = PIC. also marked "C.S." (2) inside lid. Pippa.
B.T. MIM Astrological Instrument = NAC. Nachet; RSW.
B.V. Italy, MIM Dividers, in the shape of a stiletto = FLO-2515. also marked "Volentieri"; Benvenuto della Vulparia? Bonelli 1; Maccagni 1.
BA. H.F. C. Germany, 18th Century, MIM Horizontal Sundial = WUR. Würzburg. Zinner 1.
BAADEN, FR. LIBE RATUS CARL. AUG. misreading for Fr. Karl Liberatus of Augsburg and Baden. Soth. 5/12/75.
BAAK, TOBIAS Scotland, 1695, MIM Wall Dial, 1695 = Kirkgate, Alloa. also Bachup; master mason; architect. Gatty.
BAARDA, JOHANNES VAN Holland, b.1742-c.1810, MIM also made clocks. The Hague. Rooseboom 1.
BAARDA, PETRUS JOHANNES VAN Holland, 1744-1800?, ivory turner; pupil at "Fundatie van de Vrijvrouwe van Renswoude." The Hague. Rooseboom 1; Mörzer Bruyns 2.
BABBAGE, CHARLES England, 1792-1871, MIM Calculating Machine = Dudley Observatory, Albany, N.Y. invented a calculator; F.R.S. in 1816. 5 Devonshire Place, Portland Place (1815-27); 1 Dorset Street, Manchester Square (1828-71); both in London. Taylor 2(1265); DNB; DSB; RSW; etc.
BABBITT, H.M. USA, 1846, MIM Micrometer, 1846 = Fair of American Institute. Providence, R.I. USNM.
BABINEN, GEBHART see Baeinen. Price 2.
BABKOV AND ARCHIPOV Russia, fl.1770-80, OIM Telescope, large = GEL. worked in instrument shop attached to the Academy of Arts. RSW.
BACCI, GIACOMO Italy, 17th Century, OIM made lorgnettes. Venice. Nachet.
BACELLI, ABBE L. Italy, c.1780, invented a vacuum pump made by Arleri; Abbé L. Bacelli. Italian Inventory.
BACH, L. Germany, 19th Century, OIM Telescope, three-inch = Wellesley College Observatory, Mass. "Optiker." Munich. USNM.
BACHARD DE SARON, J.B. GASPARD France, 1730-94, MIM copied Ramsden's dividing engine, 1775. A.J. Turner 10.
BACHELER France, c.1625, MIM Sundial in lid of watch = Soth. 3/18/74. RSW.
BACHELIER, DANIEL Germany, 1700, MIM Astronomical Clock, 1700 = DRE-C80. Berlin. Zinner 1.
BACHMAYER, JOAN GEORG Germany, 18th Century, MIM Horizontal Sundial, stone = ING. Zinner 1.
BACHMAYR, GEORG JOSEF Germany, 1750, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1750 = WUR. Zinner 1.
BACHUP see Tobias Baak.
BACKER, JAN Johan Bacher van Call?
BACKER, MORTIMER DE Holland, 1657, PHIM Money Scales and Weights, 1657 = FIT-135. Amsterdam. Price 2.
BACKWELL England, c.1780, PHIM Stick Barometer = K. and C. 7/9/75. London. RSW.
BACKWELL, WILLIAM 1 England, fl.1780-1818, MIM compass and drawing instrument maker. 6 Tash Street, Grays Inn Lane, London. Taylor 2(794); Dewhirst; Crawforth 11.
BACKWELL, WILLIAM 2 England, fl.1818-20, OIM son of William Backwell 1. 6 Long Lane, Smithfield, London. Taylor 2(1266).
BADDELY, J. England, c.1800, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Surveying Level = OXF; Telescope, stand = D.; Stick Barometer = Soth.-Chester 9/8/81. possibly Bradderley, which see. Albrighton. Taylor 2(1075a); Daumas 1; Coffeen II; RSW.
BADDELY, JOHN England, c.1800, OIM PHIM Telescope = Soth. 2/28/80; Stick Barometer = Soth.-C 9/8/81. Albrighton. RSW.
BADGER, JOSEPH USA, 1784, MIM Orrery, 1784 = X. New Haven, Conn. USNM.
BADOLLET, J.J. Switzerland?, c.1815, MIM Sundial in pocket watch = MERC-9 = WHI. Hamilton thought he was G.G. Badollet and French. Geneva? Bryden 16; Hamilton 1.
BADSEY, JOHN England, c.1738, apprenticed to John Urings 1 or 2 in the Joiners' Company on July 4, 1738. Crawforth 7.
BAEINEN, GEBHART VON Germany, 1558, MIM Horary Quadrant, 1558 = VIE-F1346. Zinner 1; Michel 3.
BAGATELLE France, c.1750, inventor or maker. Paris. Hamilton 2.
BAHARIE, A. England, c.1840, NIM Sextants = NMM, Soth. 11/9/59-176. may be one instrument. Sunderland. Taylor 2(2067); NMM 2; RSW.
BAIJENS see Bayens. Daumas 1; Rooseboom 1.
BAIJER, JOSEPHUS see Josephus Bayer.
BAILEY 1 England, c.1791, MIM NMM 1.
BAILEY 2 England, 19th Century, MIM Magnetic Compass = Melun 4/24/83. Birmingham. RSW.
BAILEY, CHARLES England, c.1778, apprenticed to Charles Lincoln, an OIM in the Spectaclemakers' Company, on June 11, 1778. Court and von Rohr 3(211).
BAILEY, J.W. England, fl.1850-62, MIM NIM SIM Sextant, case = P.C. sextant signed "Bailey Fenchurch Street, London"; exhibited at the 1862 Exhibition. 162 Fenchurch Street, London. USNM; RSW.
BAILEY, JOHN 1 England?; USA, fl.1775-78+, MIM SIM made surveying instruments; Crawforth questioned his English origin. New York, N.Y.; Fishkill, N. Y. (1778). Bedini 1 and 8; Crawforth 11.
BAILEY, JOHN 2 USA, 1731-1823, MIM SIM Surveying Compass, 1804 = NYS. signed "J. Bailey, Hanover, Mass."; mechanic; clockmaker. Hanover (1804); Lynn; both in Mass. Bedini 1; Smart 1.
BAILEY, JOHN ALYESWORTH USA?, f.1850-84, MIM Burt's Solar Compass and Level = N.Y. Exhib. of the Industry of All Nations, 1853. advertised as manufacturer of Burt's Solar Compass, etc.; partner with William Burt as Burt and Bailey, 1853-56; brass founder. Detroit, Mich. Smart 1; USNM; Elgin.
BAILEY, R. England, OIM Reflecting Telescope = Soth. 3/21/73. Bristol. RSW.
BAILEY, S. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Goodison 1.
BAILEY, T. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Stanion. Goodison 1.
BAILI 1 France, 1663, OIM made telescopes. Paris. Daumas 1; Clay and Court.
BAILI 2 see Bayley 1. Dewhirst; Michel 3.
BAILLE see Bayley 2. Michel 3.
BAILLE AINE ET NEVEU France, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Bretaudiere et Raynaud, Chalon-sur-Saône 6/23/79. Baille Aîné et Neveu. RSW.
BAILLIE, WILLIAM Scotland, 1833, PHIM spirit hyrometer maker. 19 Saltmarket, Glasgow (1833). Bryden 3.
BAILLON, FRANCISCUS see Francus Baillou. Engelmann 1; RSW.
BAILLON, PIERRE Italy, see Pierre Baillou. NMM 2.
BAILLOU, FRANCUS DE Italy, fl.1738-64, OIM Telescope, 1738 = ADL-M431; Objective Lens, 1764 = FLO-3340; Microscope, 1755 = NAC. "Francus de Baillou S.C.R. Majestatis Opticus fecit Mediolani anno 1755" on microscope. Milan. Evans 1; Bonelli 1; Nachet; Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
BAILLOU, PIERRE Italy, c.1721, MIM NIM SIM Plane Table Compass = X; Octant = NMM; Mining Compass, 1721 = P.C. Milan. Bryden 9; NMM 2; RSW.
BAILLY, ROBERTUS DE France, fl.1525-30, MIM Terrestrial Globes, = X (1530), Pierpont Morgan Library, New York. Bailly was an engraver and metal worker; the two globes listed may be the same one. Tooley; Yonge.
BAILY, JOEL USA, 1732-97, MIM SIM Levels = Mason and Dixon (1767); Surveyor's Compass, 1765 = X. worked as a surveyor and instrument maker for Mason and Dixon, 1764-68. West Bradford, Chester County, Pa. Bedini 8.
BAIN AND AINSLEY England, NIM Course Correcter = ADL-A120. ADL; RSW.
BAIN, ALEXANDER Scotland; England, 1810-77, MIM apprenticed to a clockmaker in Wick; in 1827 he went to London where he was a journeyman. Wick; London (1827). Taylor 2(1769).
BAINBRIDGE, WILLIAM OIM Telescope = Philadelphia Maritime Museum, Pa. RSW.
BAINS, ROBERT RAINS England, fl.1816-19, NIM invented a perpetual log. Myton, Kingston-on-Hull. Taylor 2(1269).
BAIRD AND TATLOCK England, PHIM Balances = Christie 2/13/68, K. and C. 10/8/75, 7/14/76. London. RSW.
BAIRD AND TAYLOR misreading for Baird and Tatlock.
BAKER 1 England, c.1830, MIM NIM OIM SIM Folding Rule = DRE; Dumpy Level = AUI; Theodolite = Soth. 10/22/76; Sextant, pocket = Melun 4/24/83; Set of Drawing Instruments, rosewood case = Bearnes 12/6/71; Microscope = FLO-2651. other microscopes appear at auction; surely Charles Baker, which see. 244 High Holborn, London. Moskowitz 108; Bonelli 1; RSW.
BAKER 2 England, c.1835?, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Shrewsbury. Goodison 1.
BAKER 3 England, fl.1809-11, PHIM partner with John Frodsham. London. Goodison 1; Baillie 1.
BAKER 4 England, c.1880, MIM Horizontal Sundial, mahogany case = WHI. Bryden 16.
BAKER AND HOOPER USA, fl.1822-40, MIM NIM Tell-Tale Compass, 1840 = D.(1976); Plotting Graphometer = D.(1993). David Baker and Hooper; Thomas Wightman engraved the compass cards. No. 54 Ann-Street, (on the Draw-Bridgw), Boston, Mass. D.J. Warner 10 and 12; Moskowitz; Coffeen 41.
BAKER, CARVER AND MORRELL USA, c.1900, NIM Marine Compass = PMS. Portland, Maine. RSW.
BAKER, CHARLES England, c.1850, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Microscopes = Christie 12/18/74, Christie-SK 12/1/83, Phillips 5/20/75, 2/14/79, 4/20/83; Stick Barometer = D.(1975); Odometers = Phillips 2/2/84, Christie-SK 12/1/83; Meridian Transit = Keighley Art Gallery and Museum. most instruments signed "C. Baker." 244 High Holborn, London. Stevens and Aked; USNM; Moskowitz 108; RSW; Coffeen A.
BAKER, D. England, c.1830, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-Bill. 4/21/93. Billingshurst. RSW.
BAKER, DAVID USA, b.c.1792-1856, NIM the Whaleman's List showed he was a dealer in nautical instruments; see Baker and Hooper. New Bedford, Mass. Moskowitz, 1976; D.J. Warner 10.
BAKER, EDWARD England, c.1779, MIM grand-nephew of Benjamin Cole 2 and brother-in-law of John Newton; drawing instrument maker; ensign in the Militia, 1779. London. Millburn 11.
BAKER, HENRY England, fl.1848-58, OIM PHIM optician; made barometers and thermometers; had a display in the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London. 90 Hatton Garden, London. Goodison 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; Bonelli 1; Moskowitz 109.
BAKER, RICHARD England, c.1806, MIM apprenticed to Joseph Fairey of the Grocers' Company on March 6, 1806. J. Brown 2.
BAKER, ROBERT 1 England, fl.1685-1712, MIM diallist; author; probably the designer of the "Celestial Hemisphere." The Windmill, without Temple Bar (pre-1706); the Union Coffee House, over against the Royal Exchange; both in London. Taylor 1(439); Dawson 216, 1971.
BAKER, ROBERT 2 England, OIM Nachet thought that he might have been the first maker of a reflecting microscope; doctor. Nachet.
BAKER, WILLIAM 1 England, c.1680, MIM Burford or Oxford. Dewhirst; Taylor 1(416); Evans 1; Gunther 2.
BAKER, WILLIAM 2 England, c.1748, MIM apprenticed to Edmund Blow in the Joiners' Company on July 4, 1738; turned over to Thomas Cole, leatherseller, March 6,1738; turned over to Richard Hut in the Clothworkers' Company on Oct. 20, 1740; free in the Joiners' Company, Aug. 2, 1748. Crawforth 7.
BAKER, WILLIAM 3 USA, fl.1850-54, MIM NIM OIM New York, N.Y. USNM.
BAKEWELL, R. England, 18th Century, MIM Sectors = UTR (wood), DEU (ivory). London. Daumas 1; RSW.
BAKEWELL, RICHARD England, fl.1797-1826, MIM SIM made mining compasses, rules of ivory and boxwood, surveying tapes; succeeded by Isaac Trow. Loveday Street, Birmingham. Bryden 9; Taylor 2(1477); RSW.
BAKKER, CLAES Holland, c.1650, MIM Astrolabe and Sundial on watch case = Michel Coll. Groningen. Michel 1.
BALBRECK France, MIM SIM Wye Level = Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, Pa. Paris. USNM.
BALBRECK FILS AINE France, MIM PHIM Orographe Schrader = CNAM. Balbreck fils aîné; surveying instrument to draw elevation and location of mountains. Paris. Delehar 8.
BALCH, JOHN USA, c.1800, MIM Almanac, rotating, 1800-1900 = D.(1995). Mass. Coffeen 51.
BALCH, THOMAS H. USA, fl.1771-1817, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = Essex Institute, Salem, Mass.; Surveying Compasses, wood = PEA, P.C., D.(1978). Essex Institute and PEA instruments may be only one. at the Sign of the Mariner's Compass, State Street, Newburyport, Mass. Smart 1; Brewington 1; USNM; Warner 12; RSW.
BALDANTONI, A. Italy, c.1700, MIM NIM SIM Cross-staff = KEN; Alidade = X. Ancona. Daumas 1; Holbrook; Price 2; Evans 1; Hamilton 2; USNM.
BALDANTONI, GIUSEPPE Italy, 1784-1873, MIM Ancona; Firenze (1861). Brenni 1.
BALDANTONI, GIUSEPPE, E FIGLIO Italy, c.1861, MIM Magnetic Compass = X. Ancona. Brenni 1.
BALDEN, JOSEPH England, -1817, PHIM see Beach and Balden. Birmingham. G.L'E. Turner 24.
BALDOCK, RICHARD England, c.1721, MIM apprenticed to William Roberts 1 in the Broderers' Company on Nov. 8, 1705; free in the Company, Dec. 6, 1721. Next the Three Tuns in Shoe Lane, London. Crawforth 7.
BALDWEIN AND BUCHER Germany, fl.1561-68, MIM Orrery Clocks = DRE, KAS. Eberhard Baldwein and Hans Bucher. Marburg. Zinner 1; Gunther 1; Baillie 1; RSW.
BALDWEIN AND DIEPEL Germany, fl.1561-63, MIM Astrolabe Clock, 1561-63 = KAS. Eberhard Baldwein and Hermann Diepel. Marburg; Giessen. Lübke.
BALDWEIN, EBERHARD Germany, fl.1558-81, MIM Quadrant, wood = lost; Armillary Sphere = KAS; Azimuth Quadrants = KAS, lost (1569); Celestial Globe = P.C. "mechanicus." Kassel; Marburg. Zinner 1.
BALDWIN, JEDEDIAH USA, fl.1790-1811, MIM SIM Surveying Compass, wood = P.C. (1960). Hanover, New Hampshire. Bedini 1; Smart 1; A.L. King; Price 2; DATM.
BALDWIN, THOMAS England, post-1713, MIM George Dennis was turned over to Thomas Baldwin as an apprentice, after 1713; Baldwin may have been a member of the Clockmakers' Company. J. Brown 3.
BALDWIN, WILLIAM England, c.1655, apprenticed to John Brown 6 in the Joiners' Company, 1655. Crawforth 7.
BALE 1 England, fl.1814-15, MIM see Mitchell and Bale. Taylor 2(1389).
BALE 2 England, c.1845, MIM Celestial Globes = X (1845), Phillips 12/2/87 (1845), Soth. 5/21/73 (1846); Terrestrial Globe, miniature = D.(1971). Soth. globe is five-inch diameter; see Bale and Woodward. Tooley; Moskowitz 102; RSW.
BALE AND WOODWARD England, c.1845, MIM Celestial Globe = Melun 4/24/83. see Bale 2. RSW.
BALE, THOMAS 1 England, c.1704, MIM apprenticed to William Bennett of the Clockmakers' Company; free of the Company on Oct. 2, 1704. J. Brown 3.
BALE, THOMAS 2 England, PHIM Marine Barometer = X. Bristol. Goodison 1.
BALEATO Spain, NIM Azimuth Compasses = MAN-I78 and -I90; Sextant = MAN-I123. Ferrol. Garcia 1.
BALERNA Scotland, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 2/28/80. probably Domenico Balerno. Dundee. RSW.
BALERNA, D. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2). Goodison 1.
BALERNA, L. England, fl.1841-53?, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Phillips 11/26/83, Soth.-Chester 6/20/85. Halifax. Goodison 1; RSW.
BALERNO, DOMENICO Scotland, fl.1846-53, PHIM barometer maker. 14 Yeaman Shore, Dundee. Bryden 3; Goodison 1.
BALES see Bale
BALIE see Bayley 2. Dewhirst.
BALL, JONATHAN USA, 1835, NIM patent for mariner's compass, 1835; example at D. with glass bowl and compass card signed "Hooker New York", surely William Hooker. Buffalo, N.Y.; Newry, Me. USNM; Bedini 8; Coffeen Comm.; Warner 12; RSW.
BALL, THOMAS England, c.1724, MIM apprenticed to Nathaniel Smith of the Clockmakers' Company on Dec. 31, 1711; free of the Company, July 6, 1724. J. Brown 3.
BALLARA misreading for Ballard 1. RSW.
BALLARD 1 England, c.1820, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Soth.-S 10/19/89. Cranbrook. Goodison 1; Baillie 1; RSW.
BALLARD 2 England, fl.1826-28?, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Lamberhurst. Goodison 1.
BALLARD, SAMUEL USA, 1718-93, MIM Boston, Mass. Smart 1.
BALLARD, T. England, c.1805?, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. London? Goodison 1.
BALLARINI, PETER England, 1801-58, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. in partnership with Austin Cattaneo and others, pre-1838; barometer signed "P. Ballarini York." Kings Staith, York. Goodison 1.
BALLESTEROS, MANUEL DE Spain, MIM Universal Ring Sundial = KEN-1938-369. RSW.
BALLESTEROS, PEDRO Spain, 1829, Sundial, 1829 = Man-I149. invented by the Marques de Feria. Madrid. Garcia 1; RSW.
BALLESTRE Spain, PHIM Balance, steel = Soth. 4/22/65-41. Madrid. RSW.
BALLOCK, PHIL. England, MIM Sundial, portable = Col. Baldwin (1890). Gatty.
BALSARY, G., AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = Soth.-C 10/9/86, New House 9/10/93. New House barometer signed "Balsary and Co.". London. ATG 8/28/93; RSW.
BALTHASER, JOHANN Germany, 18th Century, OIM Microscope = WHI. Daumas 1.
BALTUS, MARQUART see Marquart, Baltus. Michel 3.
BALTZER see Baltzer Cambon. Zinner 1.
BALY see Bayley 2. Dewhirst.
BAMASCONI, FRANCIS misreading for Francis Barnasconi, which see. Taylor 2(1771).
BAMBER NIM Rolling Rule = Versailles 4/17/83. RSW.
BAMBER, JAMES Ireland, c.1820, NIM OIM invented an improved ship's log; may be Bamber, which see. Ballymoney. Taylor 2(1479).
BAMBLER, P. MAURUS Germany, MIM Reichenbach. Evans 1.
BAMMAN, JOHANNES Germany, fl.1484-91, MIM Astrolabes = Schweinfurt Museum (1484), KRE (1487). KRE is ICA-604, other is ICA-633; also see "H.B. 1." Smalkaldens. Zinner 1; Price 1; ICA 2.
BANCE England, c.1797?, PHIM Wheel Barometer in bookcase = J. McGarva Coll. = Soth. 11/15/63. Hungerford. Goodison 1.
BANCE AINE France, MIM Diptych Sundial, wood = Soth. 10/21/74. Bance Aîné. Paris. RSW.
BANCKS 1 see Robert Bancks 2.
BANCKS 2 England, fl.1820-27, MIM OIM PHIM son of Robert Bancks 2; referred to as Banks, Jr.; made instruments for Dr. Brewster; see Bancks and Son. 119 New Bond Street (1820-27), London. Taylor 2(921).
BANCKS AND SON England, fl.1810-34, MIM OIM PHIM Rule, ivory = BM-1918/7/12-19; Wheel Barometers = X(2); Spyglass = Soth. 12/15/78. Robert Bancks 2 and a son; "Instrument makers and Opticians to His Majesty." 119 New Bond Street, London (1820-27). Taylor 2(921); Goodison 1; Price 3; Ward 4; RSW.
BANCKS, ANTHONY OLDISS England, fl.1792-96, MIM OIM older brother of Robert Bancks 2; apprenticed to John Kitchingman in the Turners' Company, Aug. 3, 1780; free by patrimony in the Joiners' Company on Aug. 7, 1792; took apprentices; optician. 25 Piccadilly, Strand (1794); 440 Strand (1796); both in London. Crawforth 7; Clifton 1.
BANCKS, ROBERT 1 England, fl.1765-pre-1792, apprenticed to William Murry in the Joiners' Company, 1755; turned over to Philip Jones, member of Framework Knitters' Company in 1757; free in the Joiners' Company, 1765; may have been the father of Anthony Oldiss Bancks and Robert Bancks 2. Crawforth 7.
BANCKS, ROBERT 2 England, fl.1803-38, MIM NIM OIM PHIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums, including ADL; barometers, microscopes, telescopes, sextants, pantographs, sundials, etc. freed by Patrimony in the Joiners' Company, Nov. 5, 1803; instruments are signed "Bancks" or "Banks", all with same address; some may be by his son; T.C.; "Optical and Mathematical Instrument Maker to His Royal Highness, the Prince of Wales"; "Instrument Maker to His Majesty"; Royal appointment to George IV (1820) and to William IV later. 440 Strand ; 441 Strand; 440-1 Strand; New Bond Street (1820); all in London. Taylor 2(921); Goodison 1; Moskowitz 110; Wynter and Turner; Wynter 1; ADL; Clay and Court; Evans 1; Bonelli 1; Calvert 2; Crawforth 1 & 7; Coffeen 12; RSW.
BANDERMAN, W. Germany, MIM Inclinometer = Soth. 11/9/59-179. Berlin. RSW.
BANFIELD England, PHIM Balance = K. and C. 12/3/75. Brighton. RSW.
BANG, T.A. Denmark, c.1812, NIM Marine Compass = Bruce Museum, Greenwich, Conn. Kiopenhavn; enlarged copy of compass card used as table top. Copenhagen. RSW.
BANGS, NIELS ROHR Denmark, c.1830, NIM Azimuth Compass = OMM. Copenhagen. RSW.
BANIDE France, c.1775, OIM made optical instruments for Rochon. Paris. Daumas 1.
BANKEL Germany, c.1780, PHIM Money Balance = DRE. may be misreading for James Bankes, which see. RSW.
BANKES 1 England, MIM SIM Theodolite = Phillips 2/2/84. surely misreading for Robert Bancks 2, which see. 441 Strand, London. RSW.
BANKES 2 see Banks. J. Brown 3.
BANKES, JAMES England, PHIM made folding balances. G.L'E. Turner 24.
BANKS see Bancks. Engelmann 1; RSW.
BANKS AND HATCH USA, fl.1841-44, MIM NIM mathematical instrument makers, 1841; dealers in mathematical and nautical instruments, 1844; see Edward Prince Banks. Sign of the Quadrant and Watch, No. 6 Exchange Street (1841); 72 Exchange Street (1844)' both in Portland, Me.. Portland, Me. Business Directories; RSW.
BANKS, EDWARD PRINCE USA, 1811-92 fl.1834-37, MIM NIM T.C.; see Banks and Hatch. two doors below Merchants Bank, Exchange Street (1834); No. 6 Exchange Street (1837); both in Portland, Me. Smart 1; Moskowitz 102; Portland, Me, Business Directories; RSW.
BANKS, JOHN c.1900, Water Clock, 1682 = X, made by Pearson-Page Co. of Birmingham in the 20th Century. Britten 1; Darius 1.
BANKS, JOSEPH England, c.1830, MIM Terrestrial Globe = Maritime Museum, Horten, Norway. Sir Joseph Banks, President of the Royal Society. Fleet Street, London. RSW.
BANKS, JR. England, son of Robert Bancks; mentioned as maker by Brewster; see Bancks 2 and Bancks and Son. Clay and Court.
BANKS, ROBERT England, see Robert Bancks. Taylor 2(921); Clay and Court; Moskowitz 110.
BANKS, WILLIAM England, c.1734, MIM apprenticed to Fisher Combs of the Clockmakers' Company on Oct. 7, 1734. J. Brown 3.
BANNISTER, H. England, c.1790, PHIM Angle Barometer = P.C. stolen. Lichfield. ATG 5/8/93.
BANNISTER, JAMES England, c.1751, apprenticed to John Sudlow of the Grocers' Company on Aug. 1, 1751. J. Brown 1.
BANYARD, THOMAS England, c.1683, apprenticed to Joseph Wells in the Joiners' Company, Nov. 6, 1683. Crawforth 7.
BARABAN France, c.1850, MIM SIM succeeded by C. Dupressoir, which see; also succeeded by L. Thomas Paris. RSW.
BARADELLE 1 France, 1702, MIM Sundial, octagonal, gilt-brass, 1702 = Soth. 5/10/54. may be misreading of date. Paris. RSW.
BARADELLE 2 France, fl.1752-1814, MIM NIM SIM made sundials including Butterfield-type, inclining and other horizontal types; made circumferentors, globes, sectors and other drawing instruments, etc.; examples may be seen in many museums including ADL; ADL-N6, ADL-W41, ADL-W67; and octant, 1752 at PMM. could be either Jean-Louis-Jacques Baradelle or his son, Nicolas-Eloi Baradelle; see entries for them; Daumas thought that most of the undated sundials were by Jean-Louis-Jacques Baradelle. Paris. Daumas 1; Hamilton 1 and 2; Weil (2)29; NMM 2; USNM; ADL; Price 3; Ward 4; Wynter 1; Nachet; RSW.
BARADELLE FILS France, 1749-1808, Sundial = Prince de Conti Coll. (18th Century). catalogue of instruments, 1778; see Nicolas-Eloi Baradelle. Quai de l'Horloge du Palais, au Quartier Anglais, Paris. Brieux 2; Nachet; Augarde; RSW.
BARADELLE JUNIOR France, MIM SIM Rule, ebony and ivory = MADEX-504; Graphometer = X; Set of Drawing Instruments = P.C. Baradelle Fils. Paris. MADEX; RSW; Bryden 9.
BARADELLE L'AINE France, 1752-94, MIM NIM PHIM SIM Graphometer, 1782 = Versailles 5/6/79; Cam-type Sundial in gold watch case = D.(1985); Spherical Level = Libert et Castor 4/28/82; Equatorial Sundial, gold = NMM; Pair of Globes, wood = Schuhmann Sale-96; Surveying Cross = ADL-W193; Mining Instrument Set = P.C.; Instument Set (1788) = P.C. Baradelle L'aîné; Jean-Louis-Jacques Baradelle, fl.1774-94; Augarde thought him Nicolas-Alexandre Baradelle, c.1761; made nine nautical and mathematical instruments for Courtanvaux. Rue Dauphine, Paris. Courtanvaux; Daumas 1; NMM 2; Philips; A.J. Turner 10; ADL; Augarde; RSW.
BARADELLE LAINE France, MIM Astronomical Ring = Drouot 4/7/87; Sundial = TIM (1987). misinscribed; should read "Baradelle L'aîné." Paris. RSW.
BARADELLE S. OZ. France, MIM Pedometer in watch case = P.C. Paris. RSW.
BARADELLE, CHEZ France, MIM Capuchin-type Sundial = ADL-A---. probably by Jacques or Nicholas Baradelle. Quay del'horloge du Palais à l'Enseigne de l'Observatoire, Paris. RSW.
BARADELLE, J.L.J. France, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial = Pennsylvania Historical Society, Philadelphia, Pa. Jean Louis Jacques Baradelle, which see. Paris. RSW.
BARADELLE, JEAN-LOUIS-JACQUES France, 1752-94, MIM PHIM SIM he made many instruments including sundials, sectors, globes, lodestones, artillery levels, graphometers, etc. member of Guild of "fondeurs ciseleurs"; invented a type of crescent sundial and an artillery level; most instruments signed "Jacques Baradelle"; father of Nicholas-Eloi Baradelle; see Baradelle L'aîné. Paris. Daumas 1; Michel 1; Hamilton 1 and 2; NMM 2; Augarde; Wynter 1; RSW.
BARADELLE, NICOLAS-ELOI France, fl.pre-1774-1814, MIM Universal Ring Sundials = Cardinal de Luynes (pre-1774), NMM (1774; Analemmatic Sundial = NMM; Meridian for a globe, 1774 = CNAM-1449; Ellipse Compass = CNAM-2774; Set of Geometric Figures, wood = CNAM-3824; Sundial = NAC; etc. worked for Abbé Rochon in 1805; see Baradelle Fils; son of Jean-Louis-Jacques Baradelle. Quay de l'Horloge, Paris. Daumas 1; Maddison 1; Michel 3; Cons. Nat'l 1; Destombes 4; Wynter 1; Nachet; NMM 2; Augarde; RSW.
BARADELLEN, JACQUES see Jean Louis Jacques Baradelle.
BARANCA, JOSEPH Italy, 1687, MIM worked with Franc. Ruvolo in producing globes; a terrestrial globe is signed "Franc. Ruvolo fecit. Joseph Baranca Sculpsit Octob. 1687" is at the Chicago Historical Society. Yonge.
BARANDELLE FILS misreading for Baradelle Fils. Lempertz 6/14/76.
BARBA, GIOVANNI DELLA Germany, c.1525, MIM made excellent instruments, spheres, globes, astrolabes, etc. Michel 3.
BARBA, JOSEPH FRANCOIS France, 1760, MIM Astronomical Clock, 1760 = Museum, Nancy. Joseph François Barba. Michel 14.
BARBANTI, CARLO Italy, fl.1829-37, MIM PHIM SIM Drawing Instrument = ROM; Polariscope = FLO; Barometer, De Luc-type = FLM. machinist to the Royal Observatory in 1829 and to the Royal Academy of Sciences in 1837, both in Turin. Turin. USNM; G.L'E. Turner 24; Middleton 1; RSW.
BARBARET, JACQUES France, MIM Sundial and Compass inside lower lid of watch = LOU. ex-Garnier Coll. Paris. Garnier Cat.
BARBER, EDWARD England, c.1674-97, MIM apprenticed in the Joiners' Company in 1667; free of the Company in 1674; took apprentices. Crawforth 7.
BARBER, ISAAC England, c.1676, free of the Spectaclemakers' Company in 1676. Crawforth 6.
BARBER, J. England, c.1850, OIM Telescopes = PMS, Christie-SK 4/17/86. the Christie-SK telescope is signed "Barber London." London. RSW.
BARBERIOS, FELICE Italy, 1680, MIM Astronomical Clock, 1680 = Santa Maria delle Grazie Church, Milan. Milan. Baillie 1.
BARBIER, JEAN France, c.1720, MIM apprenticed to Jean Lefebvre 2 in the "Corporation des fondeurs" on June 27, 1720. Augarde 1.
BARBON 1 England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. 21 Panton Street, Haymarket, London. Goodison 1.
BARBON 2 England, c.1825, PHIM Wheel Barometers = Soth. 5/14/87 & 10/22/87; Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 10/20/89. see Barbon and Co. Fullwood Rents, Holborn, London; 281 Holborn, London. RSW.
BARBON AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Fullwood Rents, Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
BARBON, PETER Scotland, fl.1808-12, OIM Microscope, 1810 = RSM. microscope has 77 Princes Street, Edinburgh as the address. 4 Lothian Street; 18 Nicholson Street (1809); 77 Princes Street (1810); all in Edinburgh. Taylor 2(1076); Goodison 1; Clay and Court; Bryden 3; Morrison-Low 1.
BARBON, S., AND CO. Scotland, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Edinburgh. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1076).
BARCLAY, ADAM Scotland, d.1753, MIM OIM Edinburgh. Bryden 3.
BARCLAY, ANDREW Scotland, c.1870, OIM Telescope = D.(1976); Telescope, Gregorian = Auction, Atlanta, Ga., May, 1987 = D.(1988); Telescope with micrometer eyepiece = FRK = RSM. "engineer." Kilmarnock. Brieux 3; Clarke et al; RSW.
BARCLAY, HUGH Scotland, fl.1727-d.1749, OIM also made watches. Edinburg. Bryden 3.
BARCLAY, W. Scotland, fl.1825-26, MIM invented instrument to measure elevations. Auldeare, near Nairn. Taylor 2(1480).
BARCLAY, WILL. PHIM Stick Barometer, Num. 132 = Christie 12/8/76. RSW.
BARCLAY, WILLIAM Scotland, fl.1731-d.1758, OIM Edinburgh. Bryden 3 and 4.
BARDE France, c.1850, MIM Equatorial Sundial = NYM. Bardé. Paris. Lübke.
BARDIN 1 England, MIM Orrery = Auction, 1915. see H. Bardin. Dewhirst.
BARDIN 2 England, MIM globe maker; either Thomas Marriot or William Bardin, which see. USNM; Yonge..
BARDIN 3 England?, NIM Sextant = D.(1968). RSW.
BARDIN, G.A. England, MIM Celestial Globe = NMM-G.166. London. NMM 2.
BARDIN, H. England, c.1780-85, MIM Tellurium = NMM. see Bardin 1. London. NMM 2.
BARDIN, THOMAS MARRIOT England, fl.1806-27, MIM Terrestrial Globes on sta = P-B 1946 (on stand), Boston Athenaeum, Mass., Wilson Museum, Castine, Me.; Celestial Globes = Wilson Museum (1800), P.C. worked with William Bardin, his father or uncle; member of Girdlers' Company. 16 Salisbury Square, Fleet Street, London. Taylor 2(1077); Crawforth 11; Yonge.
BARDIN, W. AND T.M. England, c.1780-1819, MIM Pairs of Globes = Soth., Wilkinson and Hodge 3/23/23, P-B 10/28/44-936, USNM, APS, Adams Nat'l Historic Site, Mass, (1800, 1807); Terrestrial Globes = Hispanic Society, New York, Essex Institute, Mass. (1798), Schuyler Mansion, (1798), Dartmouth College, New Hamp. (1814), Boston Athenaem, Mass. (1817), P.C. (1819); Celestial Globes = Christie 12/8/76, Essex Institute, USNM, Boston Athenaeum. William and Thomas Marriot Bardin. 16 Salisbury Square, Fleet Street, London. Taylor 2(796a, 1077); Multhauf 1; Bedini 1; RSW; USNM; Moskowitz 102; Crawforth 11; Yonge.
BARDIN, W., AND SON England, MIM Pair of Globes = University Observatory, Coimbra. RSW.
BARDIN, WILLIAM England, fl.pre-1780-1803, MIM Pairs of Globes = NMM-168 and -169, VCW, Longleat House; Terrestrial Globes = Archaeological Museum, Nivelles, Belgium, VCW (1782-2), Phillips 12/12/89 (1783); Celestial Globes = PEA (1782), VCW (1785). in Leathersellers' Company; in Girdlers' Company, 1776; most work signed "W. Bardin"; worked with Thomas Marriot Bardin, which see; collaborated with James Ferguson; Longleat globes are ten-inch, celestial dated "April, 1785", the other dated "1783"; PEA signed "Wright's New Improved Celestial Globe----Made and Sold by William Bardin---Jany. 1, 1782." 16 Salisbury Square, Fleet Street, London. Taylor 2(796a); Belgian Inventory; Moskowitz 102; NMM 2; Crawforth 11; Yonge; RSW.
BARDON misreading for Bardou.
BARDOU France, fl.1819-50, OIM Telescope, enameled = Soth. 122/13/65-106; Telescope = PEA. probably P.G. Bardou; he and A. Bardou shared the same address; firm established in 1819. 55, rue de Chabrol, Paris. USNM; Moskowitz 118; Brewington 1; RSW.
BARDOU AND SON France, post-1850, OIM Telescope, 3-inch = P.C.; Telescopes = P.C.(1987), D.(1976). first P.C. (3-inch) is 38" long; second P.C. is also marked "G B" with a type of ampersand in between. Paris. RSW.
BARDOU AND SONS France, post-1850, OIM Telescope = D.(1977). may be misreading for Bardou and Son. Paris. RSW.
BARDOU ET FILS France, post-1850, OIM Telescopes = MYS. one marked "Charles Hutchinson and Son, Boston." Paris. RSW.
BARDOU, A. France, c.1850, OIM Telescopes = Christie-SK 11/19/87 (2), 8/20/87. 55, rue de Chabrol, Paris. Moskowitz; RSW.
BARDOU, P.G. France, c.1850, OIM made telescopes. 55 rue de Chabrol, Paris. Moskowitz; RSW.
BAREKHAN, J.R. Germany, NIM Sextant = OMM. Bremerhaven. RSW.
BARELLA AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Newcastle. Goodison 1.
BARELLA, A. Holland, PHIM Barometer, double = Christie 12/8/76. Amsterdam. RSW.
BARELLA, D. Holland, PHIM Barometer = Soth.-Mak van Waay April, 1978. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
BARELLI England, c.1790, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-Pulborough 3/1/83. see Josh Barelli and Co. Reading. Goodison 1; RSW.
BARELLI, JNO., AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Stick Barometer = X. Bath. Goodison 1.
BARELLI, JOHN England, PHIM Stick Barometers = X, D.(1975); Barometer = D.(1971). may be Barelli in Della Torre and Barelli, which see; X is signed "J. Barelli"; 1971 D. signed "Jon" with little bar under the "n". London. Goodison 1; RSW.
BARELLI, JOSH, AND CO. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. see Barelli. Reading. Goodison 1; RSW.
BARELLI, JUNO England, PHIM Stick Barometer = Abridge Antique and Auction 2/21/90. may be misreading for Jno. Barelli. Bath. RSW.
BARETTA USA, c.1850?, see McAllister and Baretta. Smart 1.
BARINE, P. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. York. Goodison 1.
BARKER 1 England, c.1736, OIM microscope maker. Nachet.
BARKER 2 England, c.1780, MIM SIM Theodolite = D. Wynter and Turner.
BARKER 3 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer in door of clock = Connoisseur, July, 1911. attributed to William Barker, clockmaker, fl.1747-86. Wigan. Goodison 1; A.J. Hawkes.
BARKER 4 England, NIM Magnetic Compass = Christie 3/9/65-3. signed "Barker's Patents 181/15"; probably Francis Barker, which see. RSW.
BARKER AND SON England, 19th Century, NIM Compass = Peron et Corsy, Melun 6/10/79. probably Francis Barker and Son. London. RSW.
BARKER, FRANCIS England, c.1850, MIM NIM PHIM Sundials, round, slate = Christie 12/18/74 = 4/9/75, P.C. compass designer; see Barker 4. 12 Clerkenwell Road, London. NMM 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
BARKER, FRANCIS, AND SON England, 1848-to present, MIM NIM PHIM Sextant, box = Christie-SK 10/6/83; Augsburg-type Sundial = P.C.; Equatorial Sundials = Soth. 3/14/57-140, 11/9/59-174. also made aneroid barometers; firm continues to produce instruments to this day; most are signed "F. Barker and Son"; T.C. marked "Late Grove and Barker"; "17 years with and successors to J. and G. Simms." "Sundial House", 12 Clerkenwell Road; 23 Great Sutton Street, E.C. (post-1858); both in London. Moskowitz 107; RSW; USNM; Chaldecott 3; RGO.
BARKER, WILLIAM England, c.1711, MIM apprenticed to John Worgan of the Grocers' Company on Oct. 8, 1700; was turned over to William Haddon, Stationer, on Mar. 12, 1700 (os). London. Taylor 1(560); Evans 1; J. Brown 1.
BARLACE England, c.1780, MIM Sectors = Soth. 6/23/87, Nouveau Drouot 5/20/88. both sectors have twelve-inch radii. London. RSW.
BARLING England, post-1740, MIM Soho Rule, boxwood and ivory = P.C. a type of slide rule designed by James Watt, c.1739. Limehouse Hole, London. Delehar 2 and 9.
BARLOW, PETER England, 1776-1862, devised Barlow's Wheel, a machine which demonstrated Faraday's discovery of electro-mechanical rotation. Greenslade, Jr. 1; G.L'E. Turner 24.
BARLOW, THOMAS H. USA, 1789-1865, MIM Planetaria = Washington and Lee University, Lexington Va., Sayre School, Lexington Ky., University of Mississippi, University, Miss. the planetaria were very large, 13 feet in diameter; at least 11 more were made, now all lost; inventor; machinist; published a brochure for the instrument. Lexington Ky.; Cincinnati, Ohio. Langemann.
BARLOW, WILLIAM England, 1544-1625 fl.1580-1618, MIM NIM designed instruments, including a compass with an alidade to determine variation. Winchester (1581); Salisbury (1615). Taylor 1(37); Evans 1; A.J. Turner 10.
BARNABITI Italy, c.1847, OIM made reflecting microscopes. Clay and Court.
BARNARD, I. England, 1784, MIM Gauge, folding, for wine = X; Slide Rule, 1784 = P.C. Queries, S.I.S. Bull. 1, 1983; Delehar 9.
BARNARDA, P. England, fl.1803-11, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. in directories as maker. 22 West Street, West Smithfield, London. Goodison 1.
BARNARDA, P. AND CO. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. see P. Barnarda. Goodison 1.
BARNASCHINA 1 England, OIM Telescope = D.(1973). variant spelling of Barnasconi? London. RSW; Wynter 1.
BARNASCHINA 2 England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. probably Francis Barnasconi. Newcastle-on-Tyne. Goodison 1.
BARNASCHINA, ANTHONY England, fl.1826-28, OIM PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2), Soth. 7/6/73. one X is signed "A. Barnaschina." New Road, Gravesend. Goodison 1; RSW.
BARNASCHINA, L. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Gravesend. Goodison 1.
BARNASCHONE England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Devizes. Goodison 1.
BARNASCHONE, CHAS. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Boston. Goodison 1.
BARNASCHONI AND MONTHI see Bernaschoni and Monthi. Goodison 1; RSW.
BARNASCHONI, B. England, c.1800, PHIM Wheel Barometer = P-B 10/24/42. RSW.
BARNASCONE 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2), Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago. possibly M. Barnascone. Leeds. Goodison 1; RSW; USNM.
BARNASCONE 2 England, c.1825, PHIM Wheel Barometer = D.(1997). Merthyr. ATG 6/14/97.
BARNASCONE, A. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. could be Andrew Barnascone of Boston or A. Bernasconi of Leeds. Goodison 1; RSW.
BARNASCONE, ANDREW England, c.1822, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 7/19/88. signed "A. Barnascone". High Street, Boston. Goodison 1; RSW.
BARNASCONE, G.B. England, c.1780, PHIM Stick Barometers = X, P.C. (1972). 13 St. Michaels Square; 14 St. Michaels Square; both in Southampton. Goodison 1; RSW.
BARNASCONE, J., AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. London. Goodison 1.
BARNASCONE, M. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(4). also spelled Bernasconi. Leeds. Goodison 1.
BARNASCONI, A. England, 19th Century, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-Chester 2/2/84. Leeds. RSW.
BARNASCONI, F., AND SON England, c.1860, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 10/19/87. Francis Barnasconi renamed the firm to be "F. Barnasconi and Son" by 1860. Newcastle. Goodison 1; RSW.
BARNASCONI, FRANCIS England, fl.1827-58, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 2/26/88. signed "F. Barnasconi, Newcastle"; also spelled Barnesconi. 34 The Side (1827-34); 16 Groat Market (1838); 28 Groat Market (1841); 29 Groat Market (1844); 20 High Bridge (1847-53); 35 High Bridge (1855-58); all in Newcastle. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1771); RSW.
BARNASCONI, L. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer with Thermometer = Soth. 12/15/83. signed "L. Barnasconi Trowbridge Warranted." Trowbridge. RSW.
BARNASCONI, LEWIS England, fl.1833-41, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2). may have made barometers. 42 Burgess Street (1833-37); 233 Waingate (1834-41); 19 Waingate (1841); all in Sheffield. Goodison 1.
BARNASCONI, M. England, c.1840, PHIM Wheel Barometers = Soth.-Chester 5/16/85, 7/25/85. Leeds. RSW.
BARNES AND ASPINALL England, PHIM scale makers. G.L'E. Turner 24.
BARNES, WILLIAM England, c.1706, MIM apprenticed to John Johnson 3 of the Grocers' Company on Aug. 24, 1706. J. Brown 1.
BARNESCONI see Barnascone, Barnasconi and Bernasconi. Goodison 1.
BARNETT, ASHER England, fl.1770-77, OIM spectacle grinder and optician. 25 Coleman Street (1770); 25 Froggery (1777); both in Birmingham. Bryden 9.
BARNETT, MORRIS England, PHIM Marine Barometer = MYS. Ramsgate. RSW.
BARNETT, THOMAS England, 1768-1816 fl.1789-1816, MIM OIM PHIM Stick Barometer = X. signed "T. Barnett"; T.C.; apprenticed in the Spectaclemakers' Company, 1782; free of the Company on Dec. 17, 1789; patented a method of aerating fluids, 1802; instrument maker to H.M. Board of Customs and Excise; advertised all kinds of barometers; made telescopes and other instruments. 21 East Street, Lambeth (1789); 61 Great Tower Street; No. 4 Mores Yard, Old Fish Street near Dockers Commons; all in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(797); Dewhirst; Clay and Court; Calvert 2; Court and von Rohr 3(216); Crawforth 1.
BARNI France, c.1825, PHIM Wheel Barometer, diamond-shaped = Doyle 1/24/90. Amiens. RSW.
BARNS, DANIEL England, c.1753, apprenticed to Richard Rust of the Grocers' Company on March 16, 1753. J. Brown 1.
BARNUKA England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Bury. Goodison 1.
BAROCCIO, AMBROGIO Italy, c.1600, MIM Morpurgo 1.
BAROCCIO, GIAMBATTISTA Italy, may be Giovanni Battista Baroccio. Urbino. Price 2.
BAROCCIO, GIOVANNI BATTISTA Italy, 1570, MIM Armillary Sphere, 1570 = ROB. see Giovanni Maria Baroccio; Price thought he was Giambattista Baroccio. Venice; Urbino. Morpurgo 1; Michel 2; Price 2.
BAROCCIO, GIOVANNI MARIA Italy, 1570, MIM Armillary Sphere, 1570 = ROB; Planetary Clock = Bernard Coll., Paris. must be same as Giovanni Battista Baroccio, which see; clock was for the Pope; globe maker. Urbino. Morpurgo 1; Michel 2; Baillie 1.
BAROCCIO, SIMONE Italy, fl.1568-70, MIM son of Giovanni Maria Baroccio; clockmaker; made Commandino- and Guidobaldi-type proportional compasses. Urbino. Morpurgo 1; A.J. Turner 10.
BARON, EDMOND England, c.1693, MIM apprenticed to Thomas Feilder of the Clockmakers' Company on Oct. 7, 1693. J. Brown 3.
BARON, PATRICK Ireland, 1794, OIM optician. 83 Dame Street, Dublin (1794). Morrison-Low and Burnett.
BARR Scotland see White and Barr. Glasgow. USNM.
BARRAND, ROGER France, Aneroid Barometer = D.(1972). "horloger"; reproduction. rue Despiches, Orléans. RSW.
BARRAUD England, fl.1823-45, PHIM Wheel Barometer = D. also made chronometers. 41 Cornhill, London. Wynter and Turner; USNM.
BARRELL, JOHN England?, c.1828, NIM Sextant = Old Gaol Museum, Me. USNM.
BARRERE France, see Girard et Barrère. Christie-SK 4/17/86.
BARRETA, D. England, c.1800, PHIM Stick Barometers = X, D.(1996). may be Dom Barret. 67 Holborn, London. Goodison 1; ATG 7/6/96.
BARRETT England, NIM see Spencer, Barrett and Co.
BARRETT, DOM England, 1783?, PHIM Angle Barometer = X. dated in pencil; may be D. Barreta. Goodison 1.
BARRETT, ROBERT M. England, c.1850, MIM in Great Exhibition of 1851 in London; D. Primavesi was his agent in Cardiff. 4 Jamaica Terrace, Limehouse, London. G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
BARRETT, SIMON England, c.1678, MIM apprenticed to Thomas Claxton in the Clockmakers' Company; turned over to Joseph Wells of the Joiners' Company on July 3, 1668, until 1675; free of the Clockmakers' Company, April 8, 1678; took apprentices. London. J. Brown 3; Loomes 2.
BARRINGTON, THOMAS England, c.1828, MIM 32 Wytch Street, Strand, London. O'Mara.
BARROLL, JOHN England, c.1701, MIM apprenticed to John Wood 1 of the Clockmakers' Company for eight years on June 1, 1701. J. Brown 3.
BARROW AND OWEN England, MIM NIM OIM T.C. in marine compass box; Henry Barrow. 26 Oxenden Street, London. RSW.
BARROW, HENRY England, 1790-1870, MIM NIM PHIM Theodolite = KEN; Telescope = KEN; Mariner's Compass = NMM; Gunner's Level = NMM; Dip Needles = USNM, Royal Greenwich Observatory, Hurstmonceaux Castle; Actinometer = KEN; Barometer, Thermometers (2) = P. & S. 2/4/1876. might have been apprenticed to either George Dollond 1 or Edward Troughton 2 as he did work for both of them before 1829; appointed MIM under the Surveyor General of India (1830-39); succeeded to the business of Thomas Charles Robinson in 1842; became "Robinson and Barrow" (1842-50); also made balances; invented a new dip needle. London (pre 1830); Calcutta (1830-39); 38 Devonshire Street, London (1842-43); 26 Oxenden Street, London (1845-64). Pipping 1; RSW; Bryden 8; Taylor 2(2069); McConnell; USNM; NMM 2; Stock 1 & 2.
BARROW, HENRY, AND CO. England, fl.1850-69, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Thermometer = Soth. 3/11/77; Telescope, three-draw = Phillips 1/30/84; Sextant, box = Phillips 10/26/83; Protractor, full, with sights = Drouot 4/7/87. some signed "H. Barrow and Co.; one carries the East India Co. trademark; also made theodolites, magnetic compasses, etc.; see Henry Barrow. 26 Oxenden Street, London. O'Mara; RSW; USNM; Stock 1 & 2.
BARROW, JOHN England, 1792, MIM author. London. Dawson 216, 1971.
BARROW, W., AND W. LOVELACE England, pre-1756, PHIM T.C.; made artificial magnets; partnership broke up in 1756. at the Golden Lion in St. Martins Le-Grand, London. Calvert 2; Crawforth 1.
BARROW, WILLIAM England, c.1756, NIM PHIM Compass, 1756 = NMM. T.C.; see W. Barrow and W. Lovelace; made artificial magnets; left London in 1756. London; Woolton near Prescott, Lancs. (1756). NMM 2; Calvert 2.
BARRY England, c.1800, MIM NIM Telescope, pocket = Soth.-N.Y. 2/23/79; Octant = Seamans Institute, New York; Sextants = MYS, LIM, Soth. 10/17/60-157; Circular Protractor = D.(1976). probably Richard Barry, which see. London. Moskowitz, 1976; RSW; USNM.
BARRY, JOSEPH Ireland, fl.1780-1824, MIM SIM Circumferentor = X. also a watchmaker. Cork. Mollan 1 and 2; SIS Bulletin #1, 1983; Morrison-Low and Burnett.
BARRY, M. England, fl.1815-25, MIM continued Richard Barry's business. Navigation Warehouse, Minories, London. Moskowitz 112; USNM; Brewington 1.
BARRY, RICHARD England, fl.1799-1820, MIM NIM OIM Telescopes = PEA, P.C.(1969); Protractor, full, with arm = D. (1976); Sextant, ebony = D.(1993). sextant scale is signed "I.R." (8); T.C. 290 Wapping Street (1799-); 106 Minories; Navigation Warehouse, Minories (1810-15); all in London. Moskowitz 112; Taylor 2(925); Brewington 1; Calvert 2; Crawforth 1; Coffeen 43.
BARSTON, JOHN England, fl.1738-40, patented a quadrant, 1738; Joseph Turner worked with him on the quadrant. Hatton Garden, London. Taylor 2(228); Dewhirst; Evans 1; Millburn 8.
BART, JOHANN Germany, c.1525, MIM see Giovanni della Barba. Michel 3.
BARTENSCHLAGER, J.C. Germany, 1713-99, MIM SIM Universal Ring Sundial = SCH-5269; Table Sundials = SCH-5268, ZUS-LM2639, and ZUR(2); Graphometer = ZUR; Surveying Instruments = SCH and ZUS; Sector = Soth. 10/17/60-132. Schaffhausen. Zinner 1; RSW.
BARTHELEMY France, c.1790, PHIM Hydrometer, silver, case = Drouot 11/7/75. "Md Orfèvre et Joailler de Lunel"; Barthélémy. dans la Grand'rue, vis-à-vis le Bureau de la Colerie, No. 346, Paris. RSW.
BARTHELMES Germany, c.1830, PHIM Barometer = DRE. Gotha. RSW.
BARTHOLOMAEUS, S. Germany, 1736, MIM Sundial, stone and brass, 1736 = FRA. Zinner 1.
BARTHOLOMEW, ABBOT Germany, 1550, MIM Chalice Dial, 1550 = BM-1896/12/14-1. see B.A. 2. Aldersbach. Price 3; Ward 4; Evans 1; Gatty.
BARTLETT, JOHN 1 England, c.1754, MIM apprenticed to John Gilbert 1 of the Grocers' Company on Dec. 18, 1746; turned over to John Urings 2 in the Joiners' Company by Barbara Gilbert, administrator, on March 18, 1752; free in the Grocers' Company, Feb. 5, 1754. J. Brown 1; Crawforth 7.
BARTLETT, JOHN 2 England, c.1900, Roman Sundials, copies = Wray Sale-78 = OXF (falsely dated 1640), ADL-T46 (falsely dated 1642). by D.B. Sheahan of New York City; address marked on sundials is "Chester." Michel 1; Dyer; Fox 2; Tomlinson 1; RSW.
BARTLETT, MOSES England, d.1709, MIM sundial recorded. Exeter. Loomes 2.
BARTLETT, WILLIAM England, c.1700, apprenticed to Elizabeth Toogood in the Joiners' Company, July 16, 1700. Crawforth 7.
BARTOLLA, G. England, c.1775, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 12/15/72. Barford. RSW.
BARTON 1 England, 18th Century, MIM Ramsden worked under him. Nachet .
BARTON 2 England, 19th Century, OIM Telescope, three-draw = Christie-SK 4/14/89. Strand, London. RSW.
BARTON, JOHN England, fl.1791-1815, NIM invented a type of floating compass. 36 Old Bond Street; upper Belgrave Square, Pimlico; both in London. Taylor 2(926).
BARTON, PETER misreading for Peter Barbon. Morrison-Low; RSW.
BARTRAM, ABRAHAM England, c.1602, apprenticed to Charles Whitwell of the Grocers' Company on June 24, 1602. J. Brown 1.
BARTS England, MIM Sundial, portable, case = Central Museum and Art Gallery, Northampton. London. Stevens and Aked.
BARTSCH, JACOB Holland, 1600-33, MIM Instrument, 1624 = LEY. also marked "Jac. ab Leiden." Leiden. Price 2; RSW.
BARTSCHERER, HANS Sweden, fl.1563-82, MIM Cube Dial, 1580 = STH-12580. Stockholm. Zinner 1.
BARUCKER Germany, 18th Century, OIM made Cuff-type microscopes; optician; possibly W. Burucker, which see. Nürnberg. Nachet; RSW.
BASERGA France, c.1805, MIM succeeded by his son, A. Baserga. 54 Quai des Orfevres et 15 Place Dauphines, Paris. USNM.
BASERGA, A. France, c.1830, MIM succeeded his father, Baserga. Paris. USNM; RSW.
BASERGA, F., AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Ipswich. Goodison 1.
BASNETT early spelling for Bassnett. Moskowitz 101.
BASS England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Northampton. Goodison 1.
BASS, GEORGE England, fl.1706-69, OIM apprenticed in 1706 to Ralph Sterrop of the Spectaclemakers' Company; free of the Company on March 28, 1716; Master of the Company in 1747; took apprentices; made early achromatic lenses in 1733 which had been invented by Chester Moor Hall. Bridewell Precinct (1733); Fleet Ditch (1764); both in London. Taylor 2(6); Daumas 1; Dewhirst; Court and von Rohr 3(82); A.J. Turner 10.
BASSANO, CHRISTOPHER Italy, fl.1700-50, MIM Sundial = E.C. Middleton Coll. Evans 1.
BASSETT USA, MIM Bassett Adder = D.(1984). Chicago, Ill. Moskowitz 127.
BASSETT, N. USA, 1836, patented a surveying compass, 1836. Wilmington, Del. USNM.
BASSETT, THOMAS England, c.1669, MIM apprenticed by turnover to Isaac Webb of the Clockmakers' Company on Jan. 18, 1669. J. Brown 3.
BASSNET, JAMES see James Bassnett.
BASSNETT England, c.1840, NIM Quadrant = PMS; Hadley's Quadrant = PEA-M3274; Octants = PMS (2), BMM, NMM, Dukes County Historical Society, Edgartown, Mass. one PMS marked "G.W." on ivory scale, the other "SBR"; surely James Bassnett. Liverpool. NMM 2; Brewington 1; RSW; Moskowitz 101; USNM.
BASSNETT, J., AND H. DUREN England; USA, c.1850, NIM Octant = PMS. James Bassnett and his New York dealer, Henry Duren. Liverpool and New York, N.Y. RSW.
BASSNETT, JAMES England, fl.1829-57, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Barometer = PEA-751; Stick Barometers = PMS, VNN, MYS; Telescope = Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, Ill.; Marine Barometer = MYS; Sextant = SFM; Quadrant = D.(1972). changed name from Basnet to Bassnett in 1841; spelling variants are Bassnet and Basnett; optician; watch and clockmaker; T.C.; in partnership with son, Thomas?, 1857-60. 4 Barnes Court, Shaws Brow (1829); 13 Roberts Street North (1834-37); 1 Roberts Street (1841-51); 58 Roberts Street (1857); 8 Roberts Street (1857-60); all in Liverpool. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(2070); Brewington 1; Moskowitz 101; Bryden 9; USNM; Crawforth 6; RSW.
BASSNETT, JAMES, AND SON England, fl.1855-65, MIM OIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Stick Barometer = Soth. 7/16/76; Marine Compass = Soth.-PB pre-1980; Telescope = Christie-SK 4/14/89. opticians; probably the son was Thomas Bassnett; both barometers and telescope signed "Bassnett and Son"; compass signed "J. Bassnet and Son, Liverpool". 8 Roberts Street, Liverpool. Bryden 9; Moskowitz 104; Brewington 1; Goodison 1; RSW.
BASSO, FRANCESCO Italy, fl.1560-70, MIM also a cartographer. Milan. Tooley.
BASTARD, WILLIAM England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
BASTICK AND DRIVER England, PHIM T.C.; scale makers; "late forman and apprentice to Mr. Vandome." No.2 Holywell Row, Worship Street, near Finsbury Square, London. Calvert 2.
BASTIEN L'AINE France, 1842, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1842 = BOM 3/28/06-556. Bastien L'aîné. Rue St André des Arts, 60, Paris. RSW.
BAT. LUGD. 1640, MIM Diagonal Scale, 1640 = SKO. may be Lugdini for London. Price 2; Bedini 5; RSW.
BATCH, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Chichester. Goodison 1.
BATE England, fl.1807-49, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums including a terrestrial globe on tellurian, ADL-L34, garden sundial at Washington Old Hall, Washington Village, County Durham; a wooden protractor, 1846, at BM; mountain barometer in a cane; Bate's Ready Reckoner; Thomson's Lunar Corrector (No. 209), etc. could be Robert Brettell Bate or his son; ADL tellurian is reputed to be by Sauter and Gyldenstolke. 17 Poultry, Cheapside; 20/21 Poultry, Cheapside; both in London. Taylor 2(1079); Goodison 1; Dewhirst; Brewington 1; Price 3; Ward 4; Moskowitz 107; Mörzer Bruyns 1; Delehar 9; ADL; Yonge; Coffeen 35; RSW.
BATE AND POULTRY misreading for Bate in Poultry. RSW.
BATE AND SON England, pre-1840-49, Robert Bretsell Bate and son. London. Taylor 2(1079); Moskowitz 105.
BATE, BARTHOLOMEW England, 1806-95, OIM apprenticed to Robert Brettell Bate, his father, of the Spectaclemakers' Company on Jan. 24, 1822, free of the Company on Jan. 27, 1829; see Bartlett Bate. Clay and Court; Taylor 2(1079); Court and von Rohr 3(249).
BATE, BARTLETT England, c.1822, OIM PHIM optician; took out a patent for improvements in hydrometers and saccharometers; called Junior; may be Brettell or Bretsell Bate or may be confused with Bartholomew Bate; may be the son of Robert Bretsell Bate or may be a ghost except for the "Jr." of the Poultry, London. Taylor 2(1079); Clay and Court; Court and von Rohr 3(249).
BATE, HENRY France, c.1274, wrote a treatise on the astrolabe. Malines. Gunther 1; A.J. Turner 10.
BATE, JOHN England, 1809-40, PHIM worked with his father, Robert Brettell Bate. London. McConnell 4.
BATE, JOHN 1 England, c.1626, MIM made gunner's scales; may be John Bates. London. Taylor 1(52); Evans.
BATE, JOHN 2 Ireland, 1750, MIM Sundials = X (1750), Soth.-PB pre-1980. Dublin. Morrison-Low and Burnett; RSW.
BATE, JOHN 3 England, c.1832, OIM London. Taylor 2(1773).
BATE, P. England, 18th Century, MIM Sundial = Christie-SK 11/27/86. RSW.
BATE, PHILIP Ireland, fl.1761-62, MIM Nicholas Street, Dublin. Morrison-Low and Burnett.
BATE, ROBERT BRETTELL England, 1782-1847, MIM NIM OIM PHIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums; they include orreries, microscopes, dials, telescopes, globes, octants, barometers, etc.; Meridian Transit = ADL-A138. T.C.;made free of the Spectaclemakers' Companyby redemption in 1814; Master of the Company, 1828-30; took his son, Bartholomew, as apprentice in 1822 and as partner before 1840; Brettell also appears as Brettel and Bretsell; some instruments are signed "R.B. Bate"; "Optician in Ordinary" to George IV in 1818, to William IV in 1830 and to Queen Victoria in 1837; also acted as dealer; T.C. 17 Poultry; 20/21 Poultry (1830); both in Cheapside, London. Taylor 2(1079); Goodison 1; Moskowitz 105; Brewington 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; Price 3; Ward 4; Calvert 2; Crawforth 1 & 7; Court and von Rohr 3(238); McConnell 4; ADL; RSW.
BATECIN, S. LAUR. Italy, NIM Compass in gimbals = FLO-3176. Venice. Bonelli 1.
BATEMAN, JOSEPH England, fl.1823-40, MIM made an eight-foot slide rule. Middlesex. Taylor 2(2071).
BATEMAN, T. England, MIM globe maker; succeeded by John Newton. at the Globe and Sun in Chancery Lane, Fleet Street, London. Crawforth 1.
BATENBURG AND CO. Holland, c.1790, NIM Octants, ebony and ivory = ADL-A192, Christie 12/18/74. Rotterdam. ADL; RSW.
BATENBURGH, JAN VAN see Jan van Call. Rooseboom 1.
BATERNA 1780, PHIM made barometer, c.1780; Baserga? Halifax. USNM.
BATES England, c.1760, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2), Phillips 4/20/83. Kettering. Goodison 1; RSW.
BATES, JOHN see John Bate 1. Taylor 1(52); Evans 1.
BATES, RICHARD England, MIM T.C. at the Quadrant without Newgate facing the Old Bailey, London. Crawforth 1.
BATES, THOMAS England, c.1686, apprenticed to John Worgan of the Grocers' Company on June 3, 1686. J. Brown 1.
BATH, ABRAHAM Abraham, Bath; misreading of name on globe in the Chicago Historical Society; see Abraham 1 and Jacob Abraham. Yonge; RSW.
BATHER England, PHIM Chondrometer = Christie-SK 10/6/83. Haymarket. RSW.
BATIS, IOANNES Italy, c.1575, MIM Horary Quadrant = FLO-2525. for latitude 42°. Bonelli 1; Michel 3.
BATKA, WENZD Czechoslovakia, c.1850, MIM in the 1851 Great Exhibition in London. Prague (Austria). G.L'E. Turner 24.
BATTELL, AFFABELL England, fl.1737-48, MIM apprenticed to John Potten in the Broderers' Company, Jan. 15, 1707; free in the Company, June 8, 1737; assistant compass maker at Deptford Yard, 1741-48. Beaufort Buildings in the Strand, London (1737). Crawforth 7.
BATTEN, EDWARD England, c.1671, MIM apprenticed by turnover to John Marke of the Clockmakers' Company on Jan. 16, 1671. J. Brown 3.
BATTENBURG AND CO. misreading for Batenburg and Co. RSW.
BATTENBURGH see Jan Bacher van Call. Michel 3.
BATTI see Moretti and Batti.
BATTINI, B. Italy, 1721, MIM Horizontal Sundial, silver and ivory, 1721 = Michel Sale-7. the bottom has an engraved cruciform motif. RSW.
BATTISTA, B.D. England, c.1860, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-S 1/27/88. Downham. RSW.
BATTISTESSA see Zerbonie, Battistessa and Co. RSW.
BATTISTESSA AND CO. 1 Scotland, c.1825, PHIM Wheel Barometers = P.C. (1974); Soth.-S 1/27/88. 8 and 9 Calton Street, Edinburgh. RSW.
BATTISTESSA AND CO. 2 England, fl.1830-43, PHIM made barometers and thermometers; see Battistessa, Molteni and Guanziroli; see Zerboni, Battistessa, Molteni and Guanziroli. 13 Baldwins Gardens (1830-33); 106 Hatton Garden (1840-43); both in London. Goodison 1.
BATTISTESSA, MOLTENI AND GUANZIROLI England, c.1834, PHIM made barometers. 13 Baldwins Gardens, London. Goodison 1.
BAUDEN Belgium, c.1800, MIM Alidade = DOR. Mons. RSW.
BAUDOU France, c.1788, PHIM made a balance barometer in 1788. Grenoble. Middleton 1.
BAUER, CARL Germany, c.1820, MIM Terrestrial Globe, miniature, box = Soth. 6/23/87. globe marked "P.B. 5"; published a pocket globe with the celestial gores on the outside of the case. Nürnberg. Edell 1; RSW.
BAUER, JOH. BERNARD Germany, fl.1790-1801, MIM Celestial Globe, 1792 = BAM; Terrestrial Globes = Markisches Museum, Berlin (1801), Soth. 6/9/25; Globe, 1800 = X; Planetarium, 1791 = BAM. "mechanicus"; see Klinger and Bauer. Nürnberg. RSW; Tooley.
BAUER, JOHANN Germany, 1639, MIM Celestial Globe, 1639 = Berlin-Babelsberg University Observatory. see Jan van Call; may be same man. Callens. Zinner 1; Price 2.
BAUER, KILIAN Germany, fl.1725-26, MIM Pillar Sundials, 1725, 1726 = WUR. Würzburg. Zinner 1.
BAUER, P. Germany, 1683, MIM Equatorial Sundial, 1683 = OXF. Zinner 1.
BAUGH, JOHN England, c.1672, apprenticed to Walter Hayes of the Grocers' Company on June 24, 1672. J. Brown 1.
BAUM, J., AND CO. England, c.1875, MIM Horizontal Sundial, folding = WHI. marked "Birmingham Patent", but no patent found. Birmingham. Bryden 16.
BAUMANN Germany, fl.1760-1830, MIM NIM SIM Circumferentor = STL; Repeating Circle = AMST. Stuttgart. Daumas 1; Evans 1; Mörzer Bruyns 1.
BAUMGARTINGER, JEAN ERASME Germany, 18th Century, MIM Table Sundial, octagonal = Rosenheim Sale-374; Equatorial Sundial, copper-gilt and silvered = MADEX-152 = P.C.. Mergentheim. Michel 3; MADEX.
BAUMGARTNER, FRIEDRICH Germany, 1759-1843, Baumgärtner; wrote on new mechanical instruments. Leipzig. Michel 3.
BAUSCH, J.J. Germany?, PHIM Microscope, pocket, wood = HAR. "Excelsior Microscope." RSW.
BAUSSARD France?, 1790, MIM Water Clock, 1790 = CNAM. Cons. Nat'l 2.
BAUSSE, JOHANN GEORG Germany, fl.1750-84, MIM made Copernican and Tychonic planetaria, now lost. Gotha. Zinner 1; USNM.
BAXTER USA, NIM see Nickerson and Baxter. Boston, Mass. RSW.
BAXTER, JOHN England, fl.1825-26, MIM 32 John Street, Birmingham. Taylor 2(1481).
BAXTER, ROBERT England, c.1830, OIM Livery Street, Birmingham. Taylor 2(1774).
BAXTER, WILLIAM England, c.1752, apprenticed to John Gilbert 2 of the Grocers' Company on Mar. 19, 1752. J. Brown 1.
BAYENS GEBROEDERS Holland, fl.1798-1850, MIM OIM SIM Microscopes = LEY (1798), LEY; Circumferentor = Christie-SK 9/11/86. Pieter and Adrianus Bayens; see Dellebarre and Bayens Gebroeders. Delft. Rooseboom 1; Daumas 1; J.A. Bennett 2; RSW.
BAYENS, ADRIANUS Holland, fl.1790-post-1842, MIM OIM see Bayens Brothers; see Dellebarre and Bayens Brothers. Delft. Rooseboom 1; Daumas 1.
BAYENS, PIETER Holland, 1744-1846, MIM OIM Plane Table Alidade = Christie-SK 11/19/87. see Bayens Brothers; see Dellebarre and Bayens Brothers. Delft. Rooseboom 1; Daumas 1; RSW.
BAYER, JOSEPH Germany, c.1771, MIM Augsburg-type Sundial = Soth. May, 1903 = Evans Coll. = OXF-G.434. marked "Soc. Jesu fecit." Augsburg. Zinner 1; Bobinger 2; Evans 1; Michel 3; Maddison 1; RSW; Gatty.
BAYER, MARTIN Germany, c.1559, MIM clockmaker; see M.B. 3. Annaberg. Bobinger 2.
BAYLEY 1 England, fl.1663-70, OIM Monconys called him Baili (1666); member of the Spectaclemakers' Company, 1663; optician. in St. Paul's Churchyard, London. Taylor 1(295); Daumas 1; Michel 3; Dewhirst; Court and von Rohr 3(III).
BAYLEY 2 sometimes Baili, Bailie, Baly, Baylie, Baille. Michel 3.
BAYNHAM, CHARLES England, c.1744, apprenticed to George Adams 1 of the Grocers' Company on Mar. 8, 1742; turned over to William Collier, Goldsmith, on Oct. 27, 1744. J. Brown 1.
BAYSER Germany, MIM Inclinable Sundial, case = MADEX-133 = P.C. may be Beyser. MADEX.
BAYSER, BOE Denmark, 1735, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1735 = Drecker Coll. Price 2.
BAZERGA, GEBROEDEN Holland, c.1830, PHIM Stick Barometer = Phillips 4/20/83. "Gebroeden Bazerga tot Rotterdam." Rotterdam. RSW.
BAZZANTI, ISIDORUS GASPAR Italy, 1760, OIM Solar Microscope, 1760 = FLO-3229. Bonelli 1.
BEACH AND BALDEN England, -1817, PHIM Thomas Beach and Joseph Balden; balance makers; succeeded by W. and T. Avery 1 in 1817. Birmingham. G.L'E. Turner 24.
BEACH, LEWIS USA, fl.1830-46, MIM made rules and squares. Mass.(1830-46); Bennington, Vermont (1859). DATM.
BEACH, THOMAS England, c.1800, PHIM made balances; T.C.; was partner with Joseph Balden; succeeded by W. and T. Avery. No. 11 in Digbeth, Birmingham. Giordano 1; Calvert 2; G.L'E. Turner 24.
BEAL, JOHN England, c.1826, MIM had James Prentice as an apprentice, c.1826; was he possibly John Beale 1 or 2? London. Smart 1; RSW.
BEALE, JOHN 1 England, c.1812, MIM Middlesex. Taylor 2(1273).
BEALE, JOHN 2 England, 19th Century, MIM OIM PHIM T.C. No. 76 Maid Lane near the Borough, London. Calvert 2; Crawforth 1.
BEAN, FOWLER England, fl.1781-91, apprenticed to George Adams 2 of the Grocers' Company on June 18, 1773; free of the Company on March 1, 1781; described himself as "surgeon" and took his two sons as apprentices. J. Brown 1.
BEARD, CORNELIUS England, c.1670, MIM apprenticed by turnover to Edward Thorogood of the Clockmakers' Company on Oct. 7, 1670; turned over to James Atkinson 1 of the Clockmakers' Company. J. Brown 3.
BEARELLI see Riva and Bearelli. RSW.
BEARETTI, PETER England, c.1833, PHIM barometer and thermometer maker. 26 Great Bath Street, Clerkenwell, London. Goodison 1.
BEASARDO, P. Germany, 1553, MIM Equatorial Sundial, 1553 = Drecker Coll. Price 2.
BEATTIE see Proctor and Beattie. London. RSW.
BEAUJEU, FRANQUE A. France, MIM Garden Sundials = Peron et Corsy, Melun 6/10/79. Rhône. RSW.
BEAUJEU, LIENARD DE Canada, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial = X. "Nouvelle France." "Antiques", 1965, 87:336-7.
BEAULIEU, A. Belgium, c.1790, OIM made optical squares; showed in the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London. Brussels. USNM; J.A. Bennett 2.
BEAUME France, pre-1782, PHIM Beaumé; invented an areometer. Courtanvaux.
BEAUMONT, PHILIP England, c.1689, MIM apprenticed to Withers Cheney of the Clockmakers' Company on Aug. 15, 1689. J. Brown 3.
BEAUTEMPS DE ST.-POURCIN, P. France, c.1575, MIM Polyhedral Sundial, mounted on an atlas figure = D.(1976). signed also "Inventeur." Avergne. Brieux 3; A.J. Turner 10.
BEAUTIN France, c.1820, MIM Window Dial, glass, with noon cannon = Satterlee Coll. "Opticien de la Reine." Rue de Castiglione No. 8, Paris. Hamilton 2.
BEAUVAL, FIRMIN DE France, c.1485, designed an astronomical clock. Amiens. Weil 2(23).
BEAVER, SAMUEL England, c.1828, apprenticed to William Green 2 in the Joiners' Company on Dec. 4, 1828. Crawforth 7.
BEAVES England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Trowbridge. Goodison 1.
BEAVISS, EDWARD England, 1760, MIM Orrery, 1760 = Soth. 12/16/63-112. RSW.
BECHADERGUE, P. France?, 18th Century, MIM Dividers, wood = D.(1982). Coffeen A.
BECHER, A.B. England, fl. 1836-44, invented an artificial horizon c.1843. London. McConnell 4.
BECHLIN pre-1798, PHIM made magnets. Pipping 1.
BECHTLER USA, MIM SIM Surveying Level, hand-held = North Carolina State Archives. Rutherford County, North Carolina. USNM.
BECK see R.and J. Beck; see Smith and Beck.
BECK, G. England, fl.1780-1840, NIM Quadrant = Auction, August, 1807. invented a quadrant, theodolite and protractor patented in 1780. Taylor 2(1080); KEN.
BECK, GEORGE W. USA, c.1834, PHIM manufactured and sold electrical machinery of various kinds. Boston, Mass. USNM.
BECK, JOSEPH England, c.1847, OIM microscope maker; worked with his brother, Richard Beck 2, as R. and J. Beck. London. Moskowitz 132.
BECK, R. AND J. England, fl.1847-94, OIM Microscope = D.(1989). Richard and Joseph Beck. 31 Cornhill, London. Moskowitz 132.
BECK, RICHARD 1 England, 1637, apprenticed to Daniel Quare 1 of the Clockmakers' Company in 1673. J. Brown 3.
BECK, RICHARD 2 England, fl.1847-, OIM worked first with James Smith 3 as Smith and Beck; later with his brother, Joseph Beck and James Smith 3; after 1866 worked alone with Joseph Beck. London. Moskowitz 111.
BECKER England, PHIM Balance, case = Peron et Corsy, Melun 6/10/79. probably Jecker. London. RSW.
BECKER AND SONS USA, post-1836, MIM NIM SIM founded by Christopher Becker 2, which see. Brooklyn, N.Y. RSW.
BECKER'S SONS Holland?; USA, c.1860, PHIM Specific Gravity Balance = D.(1972). New York, N.Y. Moskowitz 104.
BECKER, A. Germany, c.1850, PHIM Barometer = DRE. Gotha. RSW.
BECKER, ANDREAS Germany, 1607, MIM Astrolabe, 1607 = Elblag Museum, Poland. ICA-594; offered to the Boerhave Museum, June, 1988. Zinner 1; Price 1; ICA 2; RSW.
BECKER, C. England, c.1850, PHIM Galvanometer = Royal Institution, London; Heliochronometer = D.(1987). London. Coffeen 16; RSW.
BECKER, CHRISTOPHER 1 Holland, 1806-90, PHIM Physical Instruments = LEY, GRO. Groningen. Rooseboom 1.
BECKER, CHRISTOPHER 2 Holland; USA, 1806-90, MIM NIM PHIM SIM Theodolites = P.C., Christie-Amst 10/22/81-623. made astronomical and nautical instruments; made first analytical balance in the U.S; see Becker's Sons; founded Becker and Sons in Brooklyn, N.Y. post-1836; Christie theodolite is signed "Becker Arnhem"; had display in Great Exhibition of 1851 in London as from Arnhem. Arnhem (1851); New York, N.Y. USNM; G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
BECKET, JOHN England, c.1698, MIM apprenticed to Richard Conyers of the Clockmakers' Company on Dec. 15, 1698. J. Brown 3.
BECKETT, BENJAMIN England, c.1767, apprenticed to John Urings 2 in the Joiners' Company on March 3, 1767. Crawforth 7.
BECKHER, JOHANN Austria, 1726, MIM Celestial Globe, 1726 = NUR-WI1212. invented by R.P. Michael Caucigh. Linz. Zinner 1; Globus Dec., 1956.
BECKIT, ROBERTUS England, 1597, MIM Sector with bow, 1597 = P.C. = OXF. steel points. Calvert 3; A.J. Turner 10; RSW.
BECKMAN, L. USA, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = Gurley Museum, Troy, N.Y. Toledo, Ohio. USNM.
BEDFORD, HILKIAH England, 1634-89, MIM Universal Ring Sundials = NMM, OXF, FLO, LAW, PAK, Foster's Sales Rooms, May, 1916, London Museum, Soth. 6/23/69; Quadrant = Soth. 10/22/76; Gunter Quadrant and Nocturnal = TIM; Dialing Rule = KEN. apprenticed to John Thompson 1 of the Stationers' Company in 1646; free of the Company in 1654; admitted to Clockmakers' Company in 1667; took apprentices. Hosier Lane (-1666); at the Sign of the Globe, near Holborn Conduit; in Fleet Street, near end of Fetter Lane (1666-89); all in London. Taylor 1(284); Maddison 1; Clay and Court; Dewhirst; Michel 3; J. Brown 1 and 3; A.J. Turner 8, 9 & 10; RSW.
BEDINGTON, JOHN England, fl.1845-52, T.C. No. 40 Digbeth, Birmingham. Crawforth 1.
BEDOS DE CELLES France, author; designed sundials.
BEDWELL, THOMAS 1 England, 1546-95, designed a carpenter's rule. London. Taylor 1(41).
BEDWELL, THOMAS 2 England, fl.1825-49, MIM PHIM made barometers and thermometers. Leman Street, Goodmans Field (1825); 53 Great Alie Street (1834-45); 3-4 Little Alie Street (1846-49; all in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1483).
BEEFE, NICOLAS DE Holland, fl.1761-67, MIM The Hague. Rooseboom 1.
BEELDSNIJDER, FRANCOIS Holland, 1755-1808, OIM Microscope objective, achromatic, 1791 = UTR-Physics Lab. François Beeldsnijder. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1; Daumas 1.
BEELING, Z. see Boyling 2. Zinner 1.
BEER, JOOST DE Holland, fl.1620-30, MIM Sundial, 1625 = ROM; Astronomical Compendium = LEY-A74; Dutch Box Sundial, silver and ivory = Wray Sale-38. delivered instruments for Jacob van Neck's expedition; surely the maker of a pocket sundial signed "I.B." (10) at AMST, which see; perhaps the same as Joost Peer. Amsterdam. Zinner 1; Rooseboom 1; Price 2; Mörzer Bruyns 2.
BEERS, JAMES M. USA, c.1810?, MIM Wheelbarrow Hodometer = USNM. New Haven, Conn. USNM.
BEERS, SMITH USA, 1839, MIM held a patent on a hodometer, 1839. Waterbury, Conn. USNM.
BEETS, CORNELLIS Germany, c.1787, NIM Compass Roses = HAM, Focke. Hamburg. RSW.
BEHAIM, CASPAR see Chasparus Bohémus. Vincent 2.
BEHAIM, HANS 1740, PHIM Weather Forecaster, 1740, #37 = MUN. RSW.
BEHAIM, MARTIN Germany, 1459-1507, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1492 = NUR. the globe is of cardboard covered with vellum. Nürnberg. Behaim Cat., 1957; Crone; Winter; Culver; Candee; Stevenson; DSB; A.J. Turner 10; Yonge.
BEHAIM, MORITZ Austria, 1559, MIM Quadrant with Sundial = FRA; Astronomical Clock, 1559 = Spitzer = Paul Garnier Coll. Vienna. Neumann 1 & 3.
BEHAMB, MAURICUS Germany, 1558, MIM Evans thought that Behaim and Behamb were the same person; he said the town was Frankfort. Frankfort. Evans 1.
BEHRINGER see Beringer.
BEIGHTON, HENRY England, 1687-1743, designed and made an improved plane table; constructed an hodometer; F.R.S., 1720; engineer and land-surveyor; author. Griff, Warwickshire; Chilversloton, near Nuneaton. Taylor 1(550) and 2(9); DNB; Middleton 1.
BEILBY 1 England, c.1810, MIM PHIM Universal Equatorial Sundial = Soth. 1/22/73; Universal Ring Sundial = WHI-1661; Sundial, circular, with lid = Soth. 4/29/77; Stick Barometer = D.(1973), Soth. 5/18/89 = Soth.-S 10/19/89. see Richard Beilby; see Charles Beilby. Bristol. Bryden 9 and 16; Wynter 2; RSW.
BEILBY 2 England, see Proctor and Beilby. Birmingham. Bryden 9; RSW.
BEILBY, CHARLES England, fl.1809-19, MIM OIM PHIM Telescope, three-draw = Christie-SK 10/6/83. T.C. 2 Clare Street, Bristol (1814-19). Bryden 9; RSW; Calvert 2; Crawforth 1.
BEILBY, R. AND C. England, fl.1809-13, MIM OIM PHIM Richard and Charles Beilby. 2 Clare Street, Bristol. Bryden 9.
BEILBY, RICHARD England, fl.1809-20, MIM OIM PHIM see R. and C. Beilby. 2 Clare Street, Bristol. Bryden 9.
BEILLY misreading for Beilby.
BEIPOLTH, JOHANN see Johann Deilpolth.
BEITELROCK, JOHANN Germany, 1736, MIM Astrolabe Clock, 1736 = Museum of Decorative Arts, Prague. Augsburg. Bruton.
BEITENMAN, JOHN USA, c.1775, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = D.(1986). Coffeen 12.
BEKA AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = K. and C. 3/28/73. Norwich. RSW.
BELCHER AND BROTHERS USA, c.1830, MIM Gunter's Scales = MYS (2). misreading for Belcher Brothers. New York, N.Y. DATM; RSW.
BELCHER BROS. USA, fl.1829-37, MIM Gunter's Scales, wood = USNM, X. New York, N.Y. Bryden 9; USNM; Philip E. Stanley.
BELCHER BROS. AND CO. USA, c.1835, MIM Gunter's Scale, wood = D.(1972). New York, N.Y. Moskowitz 104; DATM.
BELCHER BROTHERS USA, fl.1822-77, MIM Gunter's Scales = PEA, D.(1979); Slide Rule, folding = D. (1972); Square, wood = Essex Institute, Salem, Mass. Thomas, William and Charles Belcher. New York, N.Y. Moskowitz 103; Brewington 1; Philip E. Stanley; RSW; Bedini 8.
BELCHER, CHARLES, THOMAS AND WILLIAM USA, fl.1837-43, MIM rule makers; T. and W. Belcher and Co. may really be Thomas and William and Charles Belcher. 17 Platt, New York, N.Y. (1837-43). USNM.
BELCHER, T. AND J. USA, misreading, see T. and W. Belcher. DATM.
BELCHER, T. AND W. AND C. USA, fl.1824-26, MIM Gunter Scale, wood = Maine Historical Society, Portland. Thomas and William and Charles (or is the "C" for Co.?) Belcher. New York, N.Y. RSW.
BELCHER, T. AND W., AND CO. USA, fl.1825-26, MIM rule makers; see T. and W. and C. Belcher. 146 Division (1824); 141 Mulberry (1825-26); both in New York, N.Y. USNM; Bedini 8.
BELCHER, THOMAS USA, fl.1823-29+, MIM rule maker. New York, N.Y. Bedini 8.
BELCHER, ZACHARIAH England, c.1822, MIM made wood and ivory rules. 4 Knight Street, Sheffield. Taylor 2(1485).
BELKMEER, PETRUS Holland, 1732, OIM Microscope, 1732 = Optical Convention Cat., Leyden? Enkhuisen. Rooseboom 1.
BELL, EDMOND England, c.1704, MIM apprenticed to John Wood 1 of the Clockmakers' Company on June 5, 1704. J. Brown 3.
BELL, H., AND CO. England, PHIM balance makers. G.L'E. Turner 24.
BELL, HENRY Scotland, fl.1856-81, NIM OIM worked with Isaac Bell, 1860-62. 48 Maxwell Street (1856-57); 50 Maxwell Street (1858-59); both in Glasgow. Bryden 3.
BELL, I. AND H. Scotland, fl.1860-62, NIM Isaac and Henry Bell. 54 St. Enoch Square (1860-61); 70 1/2 Great Clyde Street (1862); both in Glasgow. Bryden 3.
BELL, ISAAC Scotland, fl.1838-59, NIM compass maker; see I. and H. Bell. Delftfield Lane (1839-44); 16 York Street (1847-48); 50 Maxwell Street (1849-57); 52 Maxwell Street (1858-59); all in Glasgow. Bryden 3.à
BELL, JAMES Scotland, fl.1836-61, OIM PHIM after 1839 he is listed as a clock and machine maker. 54 South Bridge Street, Edinburgh (1836-38). Taylor 2(2073); Bryden 3; Clarke et al.
BELL, JOHN 1 England, c.1667, MIM admitted to the Clockmakers' Company in 1667. London. Taylor 1(310); Clay and Court; J. Brown 3.
BELL, JOHN 2 England, c.1699, MIM apprenticed to Nathaniel Smith of the Clockmakers' Company on March 20, 1699. J. Brown 3.
BELL, JOHN 3 England, 1710, MIM may be John Bell 1. London. Evans 1.
BELLA, DELLA England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2). Preston. Goodison 1.
BELLANGER, P. France, 1658, MIM Instrument, 1658 = X. Blois. Evans 1.
BELLANI, ANGELO Italy, c.1835, PHIM Thermographs = FLO-1794 (1835), FLO-2025. Bonelli 1.
BELLANI, ANGIOLO MARIA Italy, 1786-52, PHIM made barometers, thermometers and meteorological instruments. Monza; Milan. Brenni 1.
BELLARMATUS, HIERONYMUS France, 1541, MIM Sundial, ivory, 1541 = Prince de Conti Coll, 1771. 7° east magnetic deviation. Blois. Evans 1; Hellman; Hamilton 2; Le Monnier; Vivielle 2.
BELLATTI AND SON England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Newark. Goodison 1.
BELLATTI, C. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Burton. Goodison 1.
BELLATTI, L. 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. may be Louis S. Bellatti, which see. Lincoln. Goodison 1.
BELLATTI, L. 2 England, c.1825, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2); Angle Barometers = D.(1982), D.(1973). probably Lewis Bellatti; D.(1973) is signed "Bellatti of Grantham." Grantham. Goodison 1; Antiquarian Horology, Vol. 13, No. 3, March 1982; RSW.
BELLATTI, LEWIS England, c.1822, OIM optician; jeweler; may have sold or made barometers; see L. Bellatti 2. High Street, Grantham. Goodison 1.
BELLATTI, LOUIS S. England, c.1856, PHIM may be barometer maker; may be L. Bellatti 1. 34 Steep Hill, Lincoln (1856). Goodison 1.
BELLEJEAN France, MIM Neuveville. Evans 1.
BELLET France, fl.1790-1825, NIM Repeating Circle, 1805 = CNAM; Borda Circle = FGM; Surveying Compass = Melun 4/24/83. principal worker for Etienne Lenoir. Paris. Daumas 1; Italian Inventory; RSW.
BELLETTI, PAOLO Italy, fl.1680-89, OIM Telescope, 1680 = D.(1973); Telescopes, refracting = Waddesden Manor (1682), P.C. (1689). Bologna. Rizzo/Garisenda Antiquariato; G.L'E. Turner 30; RSW.
BELLHOUSE, E.T., AND CO. England, PHIM Force Pump = College of Technology, Manchester. Eagle Foundry. Manchester. Lowery.
BELLI, GIUSEPPE Italy, PHIM invented and made hygrometers, electric machines, electric magnetic models; invented an improvement in the pneumatic pump. Pavia. Brenni.
BELLIENI France, c.1812, MIM SIM Theodolite = Christie 6/7/72; Inclinometer, pocket = D.(1986); Telescopic Compass = P.C. Nancy. Coffeen 13; J.A. Bennett 2; RSW.
BELLIENI, SCHIOVETTI France, NIM OIM Rhumb Line Finder = P.C. optician; Belliéni. Brest. RSW.
BELLING, J. England, 18th Century, MIM Ring Sundial = Soth. 2/28/80. Fore Street, Bodmin. RSW.
BELLINGAM, JOHN R. England, c.1675, OIM member of the Spectaclemakers' Company; took apprentices. Crawforth 6.
BELLINGER, CHARLES England, c.1687, MIM apprenticed to John Bellinger 1 of the Clockmakers' Company from date of indenture, Sept. 29, 1686, taken with a non-member of the Company. J. Brown 3.
BELLINGER, JOHN 1 England, fl.1686-1720, MIM NIM Rule, 1699 = P.C; Nocturnal, boxwood = Bonhams 3/11/77; Davis Quadrants = Whaling Museum, Nantucket, Mass., Christie-SK 11/27/86. apprenticed by turnover to Robert Starr of the Clockmakers' Company on Aug. 14, 1677; free of the Company, July 5, 1686; took apprentices; rule made for Thomas Scalinger; nocturnal and quadrant signed "J. Bellinger". Taylor 1(510); J. Brown 3; RSW.
BELLINGER, JOHN 2 England, fl.1726-32, MIM apprenticed to his father, John Bellinger 1, of the Clockmakers' Company on March 3, 1706; free of the Company, Jan. 17, 1726. J. Brown 3.
BELLINGER, JOHN 3 England, c.1730, MIM apprenticed to his father, John Bellinger 2, of the Clockmakers' Company on April 6, 1730. J. Brown 3.
BELLINGER, WILLIAM England, c.1732, MIM apprenticed to his father, John Bellinger 2, of the Clockmakers' Company on Oct. 9, 1732. J. Brown 3.
BELLISA, FRANCESCO Italy, MIM Calendar in clock case = TIM. Aquila. RSW.
BELLONI, F. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
BELLOTTI variant spelling for Belotti. Goodison 1.
BELLOTTI AND GUGERI see Belotti and Gugeri. Goodison 1.
BELLWORTH England, PHIM Stick Barometer = Phillips 11/16/76. London. RSW.
BELNET France, c.1861, MIM see Thuret et Belnet Dijon. RSW.
BELOTTI England, see Gugeri and Belotti. Taylor 2(2142); Goodison 1.
BELOTTI AND GUGERI England, fl.1829-36, PHIM Stick Barometers = X, Soth. 12/14/89; Wheel Barometer = X. Andrew Gugeri; changed to Gugeri and Belotti after 1838; the stick barometer has only London as an address; the wheel barometer shows the Holborn, London address; made thermometers and looking glasses 15 Upper Union Court, Holborn (1829); 16 Charles Street, Hatton Garden (1830-36); both in London. Goodison 1; RSW.
BELOTTI, THOMAS England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 2/28/80. St. Ives. RSW.
BELTRAMI, LUIGI Italy, c.1800, MIM made instruments devised by Carlo Castelli. Milan. Emil Offenbacher 22, 1970.
BELTRAMI, MARTINI Holland, c.1790, PHIM Barometers = LEY; Thermometers = LEY. Leeuwarden. Daumas 1.
BELTRAMI, MARTINI, EN COMP. Holland, c.1800, PHIM made a mercury barometer, c.1800. Leeuwarden. USNM.
BEMBO, PIETRO Italy?, 1547, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1547 = X. Tooley.
BEMBRIDGE, THOMAS England, c.1683, MIM apprenticed by turnover to Robert Starr of the Clockmakers' Company on Aug. 16, 1669; free of the Company on May 23, 1683. J. Brown 3.
BEMELMANS, NICOLAS Austria?, c.1738, MIM maker or dealer; supplied a large collection of instruments to Charles, Duke of Lorraine, Regent-Prince of Belgium. Vienna? Michel 14.
BEMIS AND CALL CO. England, c.1850, MIM Bow Dividers, = D.(1971). "Cast Steel." Moskowitz 103.
BEMIS, SAMUEL AMERICANUS USA, 1790-1881, MIM SIM Graphometer, 1810 and 1860 = Henry Ford Museum, Dearborn Mich. Professor of History, Yale University; made clocks and watches; dentist. Keene, New Hampshire (1806); Boston, Mass. (1817). Smart 1; Price 2.
BENARD, F. France, c.1600, see Chauvin. Paris. Baillie 1; Britten.
BENARD, JEHAN France, 1611, MIM Sundial in watch lid = BM. Paris. Baillie 1.
BENBRICKE, JAMES England, c.1671, MIM apprenticed by turnover to Hilkiah Bedford of the Clockmakers' Company on June 5, 1671. J. Brown 3.
BENBRIDGE see Bembridge. J. Brown 3.
BENCI, CARLO Italy, 1616-76, MIM Pair of Globes, 1671 = X. Tooley.
BENDON England, PHIM see Keyzor and Bendon. Bell 2; Goodison 1; Moskowitz 114.
BENEDETTI, GIOVANNI BATTISTA Italy, c.1574, MIM invented an instrument, presumably to construct sundials; author. Turin. Schatzki, 1970.
BENEEDEN Denmark?, 1763, NIM Octant, 1763 = Roussel Sale-81. signed on front "Beneeden het Lohat" below cupid; marked "Jens Nickelsen" on mirror support; also marked "Capt. Cornelis Strop 1763." Lohat. RSW.
BENELLI, F. Italy, 1813, PHIM Measure, 1813 = FLO-1429. Bonelli 1.
BENER see Benner. RSW.
BENER, PHILIPP JAKOB Germany, fl.1582-1633, MIM goldsmith; father of Johannes Benner; made pillar sundial signed "P.I.B.", 1629, at University Art Museum, Uppsala, Sweden. Augsburg. Bobinger 2.
BENETJINK AND CO. England, c.1840, PHIM Stick Barometer = K. and C. 9/29/76. London. RSW.
BENEVOLO France, PHIM Machine à Vapeur = D.(1966). Bénévolo. Passage de l'Hôtel Dieu 22, Lyon; Paris. RSW; Brieux 3.
BENHAM, JOHN England, 18th Century, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Collumpton. Goodison 1; Baillie 1.
BENNECKE Germany, 1792, MIM OIM SIM Graphometer, 1792 = P.C. optician; variant spelling is Benecke. Berlin. Daumas 1; Brieux 3.
BENNER see Bener. RSW.
BENNER, JOHANNES Germany, 1620-59+, MIM Astrolabe Clock = Christie 6/20/74. son of Philipp Jakob Bener, which see. Augsburg. Bobinger 2; RSW.
BENNET 1 England, fl.1785-1814, MIM SIM Theodolite = Auction, 1803. London. Taylor 2(799).
BENNET 2 variant spelling for Bennett.
BENNET, JOHN England, c.1710, MIM SIM Protractor = KEN; Compass = OXF; Circumferentor = NMM-T.22; Rule, ivory = Soth. 10/17/60-130. sometimes spelt "Bennett"; T.C. at BM; member of the Spectaclemakers' Company. London. Taylor 1(556); Maddison 1; Dewhirst; Evans 1; Clay and Court; RSW.
BENNET, NEHEMIAH USA, 1775, MIM SIM Surveying Quadrant, 1775 = D.(1992); Alidade for plane-table, 1777 = USNM - 319076. both instruments signed "N. Bennet"; see Noah Bennet. Middleboro, Mass. USNM; Bedini 1 and 8; Coffeen 36.
BENNET, NOAH USA, 1777, MIM SIM possibly Nehemiah Bennet. Middleboro, Mass. USNM; Bedini 1 and 8; RSW.
BENNET, THOMAS England, fl.1775-94, MIM made sandglasses. 49 Wade Street (1775); Bridewell Lane (1793-94); both in Bristol. Bryden 9.
BENNETT 1 Ireland, fl.1780-1800, MIM Compass Sundial = OXF. Cork. Taylor 2(1082); Michel 3; Britten; Gunther 2; Dewhirst; Evans 1.
BENNETT 2 Ireland, PHIM Marine Barometer = GMM. see F. Bennett; see J. Bennett 2. Cork. RSW.
BENNETT, ANTHONY England, c.1841, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. barometer signed "Bennett" plus address. High Street, Kettering. Goodison 1.
BENNETT, F. Ireland, c.1815, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth. 7/21/83. see Bennett 2. Cork. RSW.
BENNETT, J. 1 England, 1775, MIM Sundial, round, 1775 = Soth. 2/28/80. London. RSW.
BENNETT, J. 2 Ireland, c.1800, PHIM Stick Barometer = D.(1987). see Bennett 2. Cork. RSW.
BENNETT, JOHN 1 England, fl.1712-50?, MIM SIM Theodolite = KEN. apprenticed to his father, William Bennett, of the Clockmakers' Company; free of the Company on Sept. 29, 1712; took apprentices. High Holborn, London. Taylor 2(10); J. Brown 3; Clay and Court.
BENNETT, JOHN 2 England, fl.1743-68, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Circumferentors = ADL-M156, NMM-T.22, KEN, Christie-SK 3/31/83; Pantograph, 1767 = Burton Constable; Pair of Globes = Temple Newsham, Leeds; Telescope, double prism eyepiece = VCW; Theodolite = Soth. 12/19/66-67; Stick Barometer = WHI. most instruments signed "J. Bennett"; made "Fowler's Sliding Rule and Halfpenny's Tangent Rule"; "Instrument maker to their Royal Highnesses William, Duke of Gloucester, Prince Henry and Prince Frederick"; T.C.; opposed Peter Dollond's patent in 1754; not a member of the Spectaclemakers' Company. The Globe, Crown Court, between St. Ann's, Soho and Golden Square, London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(332); Crawforth 1; Michel 3; Engelmann 1; E. Hall; Calvert 2; Maddison 1; C.N. Robinson; ADL; RSW.
BENNETT, JOHN 3 England, c.1715, MIM apprenticed to Richard Bennett 2 of the Clockmakers' Company on Oct. 10, 1715. J. Brown 3.
BENNETT, JOHN 4 England, c.1733, MIM apprenticed to William Bennett of the Clockmakers' Company; turned over to Richard Bennett 2 of the Clockmakers' Company; free of the Company on April 2, 1733. Hatton Wall, St. Andrews Holborn, London. J. Brown 3.
BENNETT, JOHN 5 England, c.1850, MIM Stick Barometers = WHI, D.(1976), Soth. 10/19/87. in the 1851 Great Exhibition, London. 65 Cheapside, London. G.L'E. Turner 24; Goodison 1; RSW.
BENNETT, JOHN 6 England, fl.1731-59, MIM John Cobham turned over to him, in the Clockmakers' Company on May 6, 1732; took eleven apprentices. J. Brown 3.
BENNETT, JOSEPH England, c.1828, MIM 133 Goswell Street and 10 E. Harding Street, London. O'Mara.
BENNETT, L. England, fl.1799-1826, MIM 26 Charles Street, Hatton Garden, London. Taylor 2(1277); Dewhirst; Crawforth 6.
BENNETT, RICHARD 1 England, c.1663, apprenticed to John Blighton 1 or 2 of the Grocers' Company on March 2, 1663. J. Brown 1.
BENNETT, RICHARD 2 England, fl.1715-29, MIM apprenticed to his father, William Bennett, of the Clockmakers' Company on Sept. 29, 1707; free of the Company, July 4, 1715; took apprentices. J. Brown 3.
BENNETT, THOMAS 1 Ireland, fl.1809-67, MIM NIM OIM Stick Barometer = D.(1996). T.C.; taken over by Reynolds and Wiggins, 1867. Patrick Street (1809-12); 2 Patrick Street (1820); 65 Patrick (1824); 124 Patrick Street (1844-67); all in Cork. Soth. 9/20/83-98; RSW; Morrison-Low and Burnett; AH Summer, 1996.
BENNETT, THOMAS 2 England, fl.1832-40, MIM PHIM T.C. 162 Goswell Street, London. O'Mara; Taylor 2(1777).
BENNETT, WILLIAM England, fl.1687-1733, MIM apprenticed by turnover to John Brown 1 of the Clockmakers' Company on April 2, 1677; free of the Company, Sept. 29, 1687; took apprentices. J. Brown 3.
BENOIT FILS, JEAN France, c.1800, MIM constructor, technician, clockmaker; firm founded in 1791. Besançon. USNM.
BENSON, FREDERICK England, c.1796, apprenticed to Anthony Oldiss Bancks in the Joiners' Company on Aug. 16, 1796. Crawforth 7.
BENSON, J.W. England, PHIM Barometer, pocket = K. and C. 12/12/73. Ludgate Hill, London. RSW.
BENSON, JOHN USA, fl.1793-98, OIM made lenses; imported telescopes. Birmingham, N.Y.; 12 Princess Street; 106 Pearl Street; 147 Pearl Street, at the Sign of the Green Spectacles; all in New York, N.Y. Bedini 1 and 8.
BENTLEY, G. England, c.1850, MIM Engineer's Set Square = D.(1975). RSW.
BENTLEY, THOMAS England, c.1766, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Darlington. Goodison 1; Baillie 1.
BENTWICKE, JAMES England, c.1671, Bentwicke's apprentice was turned over to Hilkiah Bedford of the Clockmakers' Company on June 2, 1671. J. Brown 3.
BENZONI, A. England, c.1800, PHIM Wheel Barometer = D.(1976). Sheraton style. RSW.
BERANGER, ANE. MAISON France, c.1850, PHIM Countertop Balance = Phillips 2/15/89. (Ancienne Maison Beranger); "Usines de la Mulatière"; see Joseph Beranger et Cie. Lyon. RSW.
BERANGER, DAVID Germany, 1806, MIM Astronomical Sundial, 1806 = MERC-115; Cube Sundial = MERC-163. surely misreading for David Beringer. Hamilton 1; RSW.
BERANGER, JOSEPH France, 1847, PHIM Béranger; invented a sensitive balance in 1847. G.L'E. Turner 24.
BERANGER, JOSEPH, ET CIE. France, c.1850, PHIM in 1851 Great Exhibition, London. 97 Rue Centrale, Lyons. G.L'E. Turner 24.
BERCINI England, PHIM see Wheelhouse and Bercini. Goodison 1.
BERENDT Holland, c.1777, MIM Perpetual Calendar = X. Groningen. Michel 3.
BERENGER Germany, MIM Cube Sundial = Drouot 4/26/67-42. surely David Beringer. RSW.
BERG, F.L. Germany, MIM Augsburg. Evans 1.
BERG, FRANS JOHAN Sweden, 1825-98, MIM OIM SIM Telescopic Level, 1850 = NOR; Alidade = STM; Dumpy Level = P.C. (1987). business founded in 1850; made surveying, mining, and drawing instruments; T.C. Kammakaregaten 19 (hörnet af Drottinggaten), Stockholm. Pipping 1; Calvert 2; RSW.
BERG, JOHANN DANIEL VOM Germany?; Belgium?, c.1795, PHIM Money Balances = Koller 11/17/75, Soth. 10/3/88; Balance = DRE. is Daniel the surname? in der Bergischen Haupstadt, Lennep, 179. RSW.
BERGANER, MICHAEL Austria, misreading for Michael Bergauer. MADEX-64.
BERGAUER Germany, MIM Quadrant = P.C.(1976). modern English forgery. signed Bergauer of Augsburg but was made in London. Brieux 4.
BERGAUER, JOHANN MICHAEL Austria, fl.1716-35, MIM Mechanical Equatorial Sundials = BM-OA/384, NUR, INN, Beyer Coll., Diözesan Museum, Brixen, etc. Ward thinks c.1690. Innsbruck; Vienna. Zinner 1; Price 3; Ward 4; Baillie 1; W. Eckhardt 3.
BERGAUER, MICHAEL Austria; Germany, c.1671, MIM Mechanical Equatorial Sundials = BMR, NMM, BM, OXF, INN (1671), NUR, HEI, USNM, PRA, etc. some made in Innsbruck, others in Augsburg; probably invented this type of sundial. Innsbruck; Augsburg. Josten; Zinner 1; Michel 1; Dewhirst; Price 3; Ward 4; Bobinger 2; Chandler and Vincent.
BERGE England, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Sextant = D.(1986). many instruments are signed "Berge"; some are marked "Berge London late Ramsden" it is difficult to determine whether John or Matthew Berge made them. London. Goodison 1; Bedini 5; Wynter 1; Serrio; Moskowitz 105; Coffeen 14; RSW.
BERGE, JOHN England, 1742-1808, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Octant = D.(c.1976); Telescope = P.C.; Mirometer = WHI-399; Sextant, box = X; etc. apprenticed to Peter Dollond of the Spectaclemakers' Company, 1756; free of the Company in 1773; worked for Dollond until 1790; Taylor and Wynter think John Berge was responsible for the instruments signed "late Ramsden"; Crawforth and Goodison think that Matthew Berge was the maker. 59 St. Paul's Churchyard (1756); Johnson Court, Fleet Street (1791); 3 Crane Court, Fleet Street (1797-1803); 26 Lower Eaton Street, Pimlico (1805-07); all in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(571); Dewhirst; USNM; Court and von Rohr 3(193); Crawforth 6; RSW.
BERGE, MATTHEW England, fl.1802-51, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums, including sextants, surveying compasses, gunner's calipers, stick barometers, Gunter's scales, telescopes, etc. above instruments all signed "M. Berge late Ramsden"; son or nephew to John Berge, which see; also see Berge; worked for Ramsden and succeeded him; may have been apprenticed to him; T.C. 119 Piccadilly, London (c.1819). Taylor 2(1083); Goodison 1; Dewhirst; Evans 1; Moskowitz 105; USNM; Crawforth 1 & 6; J.A. Bennett 2; RSW.
BERGEN USA, see Doty and Bergen. RSW.
BERGER England, c.1800, "late Ramsden"; misreading for Berge. Daumas 1.
BERGER, C.L., AND SONS USA, MIM SIM Plane Table = Mystic Seaport, Conn.; Theodolite = P.C. No. 37 Williams Street, Boston, Mass. USNM; RSW.
BERGER, L., AND SON USA, MIM SIM Field Theodolite = Christie 12/21/71. Boston, Mass. RSW.
BERGER, MATTHIAS Germany, MIM Astronomical Instrument = NOR. Nürnberg. RSW.
BERGERE, VAN DER Holland, fl.1800-21, OIM microscopes in 1800 and 1821 catalogues. Rooseboom 1.
BERGERON France, 1796, MIM Ornamental Lathe, 1796 = P.C. (1988); Set of Turning Tools = Christie-SK 5/24/90. à la Flotte d'Angleterre, Paris. RSW.
BERGNA, J. BAPTIST England, fl.1830-40, PHIM barometer maker; some barometers signed "J.B. Bergna", others "Baptist Bergna"; see Grassi, Bergna and Origoni. St. Nicholas Churchyard, Newcastle. Taylor 2(2074); Goodison 1.
BERHAIM, MARTIN see Martin Behaim. Candee.
BERI AND PATERA England?, c.1780, PHIM Barometer = X. Leek. USNM.
BERI, G. England, c.1770?, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
BERIDGE England, c.1748, PHIM made a certain type of thermometer; watchmaker. Boston. Chaldecott 2.
BERIGER see Beringer. Bonelli 1.
BERINGER, A. France, MIM Sundial (dated 1708) = P.C. Bedini thinks it is by D.B. Sheahan. Dieppe. Price 2; Bedini 6.
BERINGER, D. Germany, MIM SIM Surveying Instrument = OXF. "D. Beringer fecit"; possibly David Beringer, which see. RSW.
BERINGER, D., AND G.P. SEYFRIED Germany, c.1800, MIM Cube Sundials , wood and paper = BRS, FLO, MUN, WUR, LIE, KAS, UTR, Soth. 2/28/75; etc; Cube Sundial, silver = ADL-M327; etc. David Beringer; the ADL sundial is mounted on a later base. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Engelmann 1; Michel 1; Chandler and Vincent 2; Price 2; de Rijk; ADL; RSW.
BERINGER, DAVID Germany, 1756-1821, MIM many wood and paper cube and diptych sundials exist; some of the latter have two volvelles on the lid and sometimes are in French; compass sundials are at OXF, WHI and ADL, etc.; brass horizontal sundial is at OXF; a pair of globes, signed "David Beringer", are in a P.C.; we agree with Moskowitz that compass sundials signed "B." or "D.B." were made by Beringer; an artillery level is at NYC. some of the sundials are signed "D. Beringer"; wooden diptychs often signed "Verfertigt von David Beringer." Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Price 3; Ward 4; Michel 1; Bonelli 1; Moskowitz 109; Monreal; Garcia 1; Engelmann 1; Hamilton; Wynter 1 and 2; USNM; Nachet; Chandler and Vincent 2; Bryden 16; ADL; Syndram; RSW.
BERINGERUS, P. Germany, 1750, MIM Universal Ring Sundial, 1750 = NMM-D.1. signed "P. Beringerus Herzog Can:Soreth"; may be owner. NMM 2.
BERKETTS see Becket. J. Brown 3.
BERLE, JEAN DE France, c.1400, MIM pupil of Johannes Fusoris. Paris. Poulle 1; A.J. Turner 10.
BERLINGER Austria, post-1769, MIM Astronomical Clock = P.C. Vienna. Tardy.
BERNARD DE VERDUN France, c.1250, may have devised the torquetum. Verdun. A.J. Turner 10.
BERNARD, DESIRE F. France, c.1850, MIM Desiré F. Bernard; in the 1851 Great Exhibition, London. 30 rue des Maroursets, Paris. G.L'E. Turner 24.
BERNARDA see Cermanati and Bernarda.
BERNARDI, DANIEL Italy, 1629, MIM Cruciform Dial, 1629 = MADEX-80 = Prin Coll. = NMM-D.44. Michel 1; Dewhirst; MADEX; NMM 2.
BERNARDI, N. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. London. Goodison 1.
BERNARDINUS Italy, 1565, MIM Astrolabe, 1565 = Museo Civico Malatestiano, Fano. "Aurifex." Italian Inventory.
BERNARDUS France, c.1680, MIM Astronomical Compendia = OXF-B, Evans Coll. = D.(1988). first name. Maddison 1; D. Brieux 1.
BERNASCHONI AND MONTHI England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X (2); Stick Barometers = X, Soth. 2/28/80. one of the wheel barometers is signed "Barnaschoni and Monthi"; one of the stick barometers is signed "Bernaschoni and Monti." Leicester. Goodison 1; RSW.
BERNASCHONI AND MONTI Barometer=P.C. see Bernaschoni and Monthi. RSW; WEBDB.
BERNASCONE England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Merthyr. Goodison 1.
BERNASCONE, L. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie 4/19/78. Sheffield. RSW.
BERNASCONI England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-S 10/19/89. see M. Bernasconi. Leeds. RSW.
BERNASCONI, A. 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Newcastle. Goodison 1.
BERNASCONI, A. 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-West Sussex 10/18/83. "Warranted." Boston. RSW.
BERNASCONI, M. England, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Soth.-S 1/27/88, Soth.-S 7/17/96. variant of M. Barnasconi? Leeds. Goodison 1; RSW.
BERNHARDUS France, c.1600, MIM Sundial = Evans Coll. = OXF? Dewhirst; Price 2.
BERNIE France, MIM Sundial, octagonal, small = Wray Sale-62. probably Bernier. Paris. RSW.
BERNIER France, fl.1783-1820, MIM OIM SIM Pantograph = Spitzer Sale-2870; Rules = MADEX-499, WHI, Roussel Sale; Sector = Soth. 10/17/60-134; Butterfield-type Sundials = P.C., D., Drouot 4/26/67-45, Libert et Castor 4/28/82, Drouot 4/7/87; Telescopic Quadrant = NAC; Folding Square = BIR; Protractor = VCW; Graphometers = Chayette 6/28/86, P.C. probably successor to Langlois; WHI has 30 inches on one side, 80 cm. on the other. au Niveau à la Sphère; en la Cité; both in Paris. Daumas 1; Michel 1; Dewhirst; Nachet; RSW.
BERNIERES, M. France, c.1774, OIM constructed a burning glass for M. Trulaine de Montigny of the Académie des Sciences, Paris. Paris. Spargo 1.
BEROSSUS c.300 B.C., MIM invented an early sundial, the hemicycle. Cousins.
BERQUEZ England, c.1820, PHIM Wheel Barometer and clock = Soth.-Chester 3/9/83. Vere Street, Cavendish Square, London. RSW.
BERQUIN, JEAN France, 18th Century, MIM Ring Sundials = WHI-733, McVitty Coll. WHI is silver, 1650?, and with leather case. Bordeaux. Bryden 16; Hamilton 2; RSW.
BERRICK, RALPH England, c.1770, MIM rule maker. Queen Street, Wolverhampton. Bryden 9.
BERRINGER England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. London. Goodison 1.
BERRINGTON, JOHN England, c.1822, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. signed "J. Berrington, Leicester." High Street, Leicester. Goodison 1.
BERRY 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Great Windmill Street, Hay Market, London. Goodison 1.
BERRY 2 see Newton and Berry; see Newton Son and Berry. London. RSW.
BERRY 3 England, c.1777, OIM PHIM optician; succeeded by Matthew Wisker, a barometer maker. Spurriergate, York. Goodison 1.
BERRY AND BERRY England, post-1700, MIM globe makers; William and E. Berry. Holborn Court, London. Taylor 1(331).
BERRY AND MACKAY Scotland, fl.1879-1975, NIM Octants = Christie 3/31/83, FRK = RSM. made clocks and watches; started out as James Berry and Alexander Spence Mackay, 1879-90; Mackay worked alone until his death in 1914; firm taken over in the 1940's by Walter Murray, who may have already been working for the firm; the firm closed in 1975 when Murray died. Aberdeen. Clarke et al; RSW.
BERRY, A. England, c.1830, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Bearne's 3/11/97. Hertford. RSW.
BERRY, D. 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Huntingdon. Goodison 1.
BERRY, D. 2 England, c.1780, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Phillips 1/13/76. Nottingham. RSW.
BERRY, E. see William Berry.
BERRY, G., AND SON England, NIM Sextant = Soth. 12/15/78. West Hartlepool. RSW.
BERRY, GEORGE ALLAN Scotland, fl.1857-86, NIM son of James Berry; see James Berry and Son, 1857-64; was made a member of the Hammermen Incorporation in 1866. Aberdeen. Clarke et al.
BERRY, J. 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Soth. 5/18/89. Soth. signed "J. Berry Berwick St. John"; maybe J. Berry 2, 3 or 4 at different addresses. 16 Berwick Street, Soho, London. Goodison 1; RSW.
BERRY, J. 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. may be J. Berry 1, 3 or 4 at different addresses. 12 Little Chapple Street, Soho, London. Goodison 1; RSW.
BERRY, J. 3 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. may be same as J. Berry 1, 2 or 4 at different addresses. 78 Wardover Street, Soho, London. Goodison 1; RSW.
BERRY, J. 4 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie 1/26/90. may be J. Berry 1, 2 or 3 at different addresses. 17 Noel Street, Soho, London. RSW.
BERRY, JAMES Scotland, 1808-90, NIM OIM Sextant = Christie-SK 5/17/78. apprenticed to William Spark; admitted to the Hammermen, 1837; made clocks, watches and chronometers; took his son, George Allan Berry, as a partner in James Berry and Son, 1856-64; took Alexander Spence Mackay as partner in Berry and Mackay, 1879-1890; firm lasted until 1975. 52 Castle Street (1835-52); 53 Marischal Street (1852); 88 Union Street (1853-56); all in Aberdeen. Bryden 3; Clarke et al; RSW.
BERRY, JAMES, AND SON Scotland, fl.1857-65, NIM OIM Sextant = Soth. 10/28/86. James Berry and George Allan Berry, 1857-64; son worked alone, 1866-78. 88 Union Street (1857-60); 29 Union Street (1861); 29 St. Nicholas Street (1862-64); 59 1/2 Marischal Street (1865); all in Aberdeen. Bryden 3; Clarke et al; RSW.
BERRY, JOH. England, c.1836, MIM 14 Jamaica Terrace, Limehouse, London. O'Mara.
BERRY, JOHN England, fl.1738-65, PHIM Angle Barometer = X. The Dial near the Cross, Manchester. Goodison 1.
BERRY, T. Scotland, PHIM Stick Barometer = Christie-Glasgow 5/19/82 lot #36. Aberdeen. Clarke et al.
BERRY, WILLIAM England, 1639-1718, MIM apprenticed to Joseph Moxon of the Weavers' Company in 1656; free of the Company, 1664; globe maker; publisher; his grandson was William Watkins 1; some of the addresses probably the same place; partner with Robert Morden as Morden and Berry, (1669-70). The Blue Anchor, Middle Row, Holborn, just outside Holborn Bars (1669); The Globe near the New Exchange on the north side of the Strand (1674); at the Globe between Charing Cross and Whitehall (1680); The Globe, Craggs Court near Charing Cross (1681-1700); Holborn Court, between Holborn and Gray's Inn; Sign of the Globe, between Charing Cross and Whitehall; all in London. Taylor 1(331); Evans 1; Tooley; Tyacke 1.
BERSELIUS, HADRIAN AMEROCCIO Italy, 1522, MIM Astrolabe, 1522 = Fry Coll. Price thought the astrolabe was c.1380; ICA-202; owner? Michel 2; Price 1; ICA 2; Gunther 1.
BERT, PAUL France, 1767, MIM Globe Sundials, stone, 1767 = MADEX-173 & -174 = NMM-Caird; Globe Sundials, ivory, 1767 = Drouot Richelieu 4/28/88. Michel 1; Dewhirst; NMM 2; RSW.
BERTHAUD, L'ABBE France, MIM SIM Circumferentor = P.C.(1965). l'Abbé Berthaud. RSW.
BERTHAUX France, MIM Celestial Globe = CNAM-7432; Armillary Sphere = CNAM-7444. Cons. Nat'l 1; Destombes 4.
BERTHELEMY, A. France, 19th Century, MIM OIM Telescopic Level = La Rochelle 7/16/83. Berthélémy; succeeded by A. Lepetit. Paris. Christie 12/18/74; J.A. Bennett 2; RSW.
BERTHERAN, M. France, c.1560, MIM Sundial in base of clock = Soth.-NY 6/22/88. needle in compass box probably is a replacement. RSW.
BERTHET France, c.1750, NIM mounted a micrometer on a quadrant. Paris. Daumas 1.
BERTHET, ANDRE France; Portugal, 1774, MIM Mechanical Equatorial Sundial, 1774 = Ineichen 10/18/74; Heliochronometer, case = LIM. "Horloger"; see Berthet; André Berthet. Lisbon. RSW.
BERTHOUD, FERDINAND Switzerland; France, 1729-1807, MIM NIM Tide Timer, 1788 = AMST; Celestial Globe on clock = Hertford House, London. Paris. USNM; Mörzer Bruyns 1; Grimaldi (975); Cajori; J.A, Bennett 2.
BERTHOUD, PIERRE-FREDERIC France, c.1750, MIM Sundial = Musée de la Chaux-des-Fonds. Pierre-Frédéric Berthoud. Couvet. RSW.
BERTHROUD France, misreading for Berthoud. Grimaldi (975).
BERTIE, GEORGE USA, fl.1807-08, MIM Georges Street, Baltimore, Md. Smart 1.
BERTIN, JEAN France, c.1830, PHIM Steam Apparatus = ADL-M412. "Bertin inv. No. 175." Engelmann 1; Michel 1; ADL; RSW.
BERTINI, D. Italy, 1796, PHIM Electric Machine, 1796 = Lycée, Lucca. Italian Inventory.
BERTINI, MICHELE Italy, c.1780, MIM Universal Equatorial Sundial, 1780 = WHI. Bryden 16; Price 2.
BERTOLA, ANTONIO BARTOLOMEO Italy, c.1763, MIM OIM made astronomical instruments. Morpurgo 1.
BERTONI, ANGIOLO Italy, fl.1850-61, OIM Florence. Brenni 1.
BERUCKER Germany, c.1768, OIM made solar microscopes. Nürnberg. Clay and Court.
BERVILLE, MATTHIEU France, c.1690, MIM Bloud-type Sundials = Wray Sale-138, D.(1964). Dieppe. Michel 1; Dewhirst; RSW.
BERZELIUS, JONS JACOB Sweden, 1779-1848, MIM Baron Jöns Jacob Berzelius; chemist; secretary to the Academy of Sciences; invented a slide rule for atomic weights, c.1830. Stockholm. Pipping 1; RSW.
BESANCENOT France, 1759, MIM Sundial, oval, 1759 = NAC. Besançenot. Is-sur-Tille. Michel 3; Nachet.
BESERGA England, see Monti and Beserga. Bell 2.
BESNOS England, c.1849, MIM Armillary Sphere = CNAM. misreading for Desnos. Paris. Grimaldi(991).
BESOZZI, B. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Christie-SK 10/20/89. the barometer at Christie was marked "Shaftsbury." Weymouth; Shaftsbury. Goodison 1; RSW.
BESSARD, TOUSSAINCTS DE France, c.1574, MIM invented a canometer to find the meridian and a micrometer for directional measurements; author. Rouen. RSW.
BESSLER, JOHANN ERNEST ELIAS Germany, 1680-1745, PHIM made a "perpetuum mobile"; called himself "Orffyrius." Kassel? USNM.
BESSON, JACQUES France, c.1567, author; designed instruments for astronomy, surveying and navigation including the "cosmolabe." Paris. O'Neal; Poggendorf; Dawson 216, 1971.
BEST, ROBERT USA, fl.1811-31, MIM PHIM repaired philosophical and mathematical instruments; watchmaker. Cincinnatti, Ohio. "Antiques", July, 1974.
BESTER, OWEN HIBBARD USA, 1809-57, MIM OIM PHIM Washington, D.C. Smart 1; USNM.
BETALLI France, c.1800, PHIM Wheel Barometer = CNAM. same as Christophe Bettally. Paris. Daumas 1.
BETTALLY, CHRISTOPHE France; England, fl.1770?-88, PHIM Wheel Barometer and Thermometer = Bute Coll. (1787) = D. (1967); Stick Barometer = X; Vacuum Pump = FLO-1537. surely same as Betalli; stick barometer is signed "Bettally London"; other signed "C. Bettally fecit London 1787"; T.C.; made physical instruments in glass. Paris; 1 Charlotte Street, Pimlico (1787); 292 Oxford Street, opposite Stratford Place (1788); both in London. Goodison 1 and 5; Bonelli 1.
BETTALLY, JOSEPHE France, fl.1768-71, PHIM Wheel Barometer, 1771 with a Thermometer, 1768 = Christie 6/22/89. Paris. RSW.
BETTESWORTH, J. England, c.1800, MIM succeeded by William Garrard. The Naval Academy, Ormond House, Paridise Row, Chelsea, London. Taylor 2(838); NMM 2.
BETTINI, MARIO Italy, 1582-1657, MIM invented instrument for tracing the meridian. Bologna. Boffito; Michel 3.
BETTS, JOHN England, fl.1839-63, MIM Globe, portable, 1850 = X. publisher. 115 Strand; 7 Compton Street Brunswick Square; both in London. Taylor 2(2075); Tooley.
BETTS, THOMAS England, c.1818, MIM rule maker. Inge Street, Birmingham. Bryden 9.
BEUCKEL 1763, MIM Diptych Sundial, wood, 1763 = P.C. date could be 1768. RSW.
BEUERLEIN, JOACHIM misreading for Joachim Deuerlin. Zinner 1.
BEVAN, BENJAMIN England, fl.1804-38, MIM engineer; modified the Dunn-type accounting slide rule in 1822; invented a self-registering rain-gauge. Leighton Buzzard, Bushey Heath. Taylor 2(1084); Delehar 2 and 9.
BEVAN, E. England, PHIM Marine Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
BEVAN, SYLVANUS England, c.1817, invented an improved slide rule. Taylor 2(1279); G.L'E. Turner 24.
BEWTON, ARNOLD England?, 1865, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1865, on stand = Lesieur et Le Bars, Le Havre 7/9/90. RSW.
BEYER, JOHANN Germany, 1673-1751, MIM Celestial Globe, 1718 = KAS. Hamburg. Zinner 1; Tooley.
BEYERINCK Holland, fl.1829-45, OIM Telescope = LEY. Leiden. RSW.
BEYSER, JEAN-DAVID Germany, 18th Century, MIM Mechanical Equatorial Sundials = OXF, MEM; Augsburg-type Sundials = Spaulding Coll., P.B. 1/22/54-55, OXF; Sundials, horizontal = OXF, CLU, USNM, MERC-49 (silver), Schuhmann Sale-134, Lempertz 6/14/76; Perpetual Calendars = D.(1972), Soth. 3/27/72. D. calendar is in lid of case of L.T.M. sundial. Mannheim. Maddison 5; Zinner 1; Michel 1 and 3; Daumas 1; Hamilton 1 & 2; Wynter and Turner; USNM; Dewhirst; RSW.
BEZARD France, c.1769, OIM optician; lens maker. Quai de l'Horloge, Paris (1769). Daumas 1; Nachet.
BIANCHETTI, I. France, c.1850, NIM Hadley Quadrant = NMM-S.189; Octant = Christie-SK 10/23/87. T.C. 1 rue Beauvais, Marseilles. NMM 2; RSW.
BIANCHI 1 Holland, fl.1740-78, PHIM made barometers and thermometers. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1; Daumas 1.
BIANCHI 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Stick Barometer = X. probably George Bianchi. Ipswich. Goodison 1.
BIANCHI 3 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Manchester. Goodison 1.
BIANCHI 4 France, 18th Century, MIM SIM Graphometer = D.(1980). rue de Coq, St. Honoré 11, Paris. Coffeen I; Moskowitz 120.
BIANCHI AND CO. Holland, pre-1793, MIM OIM PHIM made solar microscopes, pumps, etc.; by 1793 owners of a fancy-goods shop. Kalverstraat over de Gapensteeg, Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2; Rooseboom 1.
BIANCHI AND PRIMAVESI Holland, PHIM Barometer = LEY. Amsterdam. RSW.
BIANCHI AND SONS France, 1831, MIM worked in 1831. Paris. USNM.
BIANCHI, A., AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-S 10/19/89. RSW.
BIANCHI, B. 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Portsmouth. Goodison 1.
BIANCHI, B. 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Tunbridge Wells. Goodison 1.
BIANCHI, B. 3 France; Italy?, c.1820, PHIM see Fioruzzi e Bianchi. Paris; Piacenza? Brenni 1.
BIANCHI, BARTHELEMY NIM Sextant = CNAM-6692. Cons. Nat'l 1; Destombes 4.
BIANCHI, CAMPORINO Belgium, NIM Spyglass, ivory = Soth. 12/13/65-95. Brussels. RSW.
BIANCHI, F., AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Leicester. Goodison 1.
BIANCHI, G. 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Stick Barometer = X. could be either G. Bianchi 2 or 3 or George Bianchi. Goodison 1.
BIANCHI, G. 2 Scotland, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Edinburgh. Goodison 1.
BIANCHI, G. 3 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 7/16/76. Windsor. RSW.
BIANCHI, GEORGE England, fl.1805-16, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Christie-SK 5/8/86; Stick Barometer = X. all signed "G. Bianchi Ipswich." St. Clements Street (1805-08); Westgate Street (1809-16); both in Ipswich. Goodison 1; RSW.
BIANCHI, P. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Barometer = Soth. 2/4/77. wheel marked "Lane End"; other marked "Blandford." Lane End, Blandford. Goodison 1; RSW.
BIANCHI, PRIMAVESI AND CO. Holland, c.1771, OIM made optical instruments. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1.
BIANCHI, V. Ireland, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, D.(1976), Christie-SK 10/20/89. the barometer at Christie's is marked "Belfast." Dublin; Belfast. Goodison 1; RSW.
BIANCHII, FILIPPO E XAVIER DI Italy, fl.1764-66, MIM PHIM Mechanical Equatorial Sundials = DEU, KEN-1923/404; Equatorial Sundials = VEN (1764), Soth. 5/19/96-46 (1754); Universal Equatorial Sundial, No. 3, 1764 = P. and S. 3/20/96; Air Pump, No. 93, 1766 = PRA. "Filippo and Xavier Fratelli di Bianchii"; also spelled "Bianchy." Venice. Evans 1; Michel 3; Czech. Inventory; D. Bachman (1983); Earle; RSW.
BIANCHINI, ANTONIO Italy, 1564, MIM SIM Surveying Sector, with dials, 1564 = FLO-2511. see A.B. 1; clockmaker. Venice. Bonelli 1; Michel 2; Price 2.
BIANCHINI, FRANCESCO Italy, 1662-1729, MIM inventor or maker. Verona. Hamilton 2.
BIANCHINI, P. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = D.(1972). RSW.
BIANCHY 1 Austria, 1767, PHIM Thermometer, 1767 = X. Vienna. Daumas 1.
BIANCHY 2 France, 1785, PHIM made physical apparatus. Paris. Daumas 1.
BIANCHY 3 Holland, c.1790, PHIM made barometers. Daumas 1.
BIANCHY 4 see Bianchi.
BIANCHY, DI MIM Mechanical Equatorial Sundial = P.C. probably Filippo e Xavier Fratelli di Bianchii, which see. RSW.
BIANCHY, R. France, c.1785, PHIM Barometer = CNAM. Rue St. Honoré No. 252, Paris. Middleton 1.
BIANELI England, 19th Century, PHIM Stick Barometer = Phillips 9/10/86. Ipswich. RSW.
BICKERTON, JOHN England, c.1735, MIM Samuel How turned over to him as an apprentice; may have been a member of the Clockmakers' Company. J. Brown 3.
BIDAULT, C. France, 1650, MIM Equatorial Sundial, case, 1650 = Evans Coll. = OXF; Table of Latitudes = Evans Coll. au Palais des Galleries, quai de l'Horloge, Paris. Evans 1; Dewhirst; Nachet; Price 2; Britten; RSW.
BIDAULT, JACQUES France, post-1762, MIM Garden Sundial = Picard, Drouot Richelieu, Dec. 11, 1991. perhaps related to C. Bidault, which see; apprenticed to Clerget. Quay de l'Horloge, Paris. RSW.
BIDDELL, JONAS England, c.1756, apprenticed to John Farmer 2 in the Grocers' Company on Nov. 2, 1756. Crawforth 7.
BIDDLE USA, pre-1776, OIM repaired telescope now at Library Company, Philadelphia, Pa. Philadelphia, Pa. RSW.
BIDDLE, OWEN USA, 1737-1799, MIM clockmaker; made a planetarium. North Ward, Philadelphia; Chester County; both in Pa. Bedini 1 and 8;; USNM.
BIDER, FRANCIS England, 1716, MIM Universal Ring Sundial, 1716 = OXF-Evans. Evans 1.
BIDLAKE, JAMES 1 England, 1767-1805, MIM also made clocks and watches. 31 Minories, (until 1782); 16 Sun Street, Bishopsgate Without (1799-1805); both in London. Taylor 2(572).
BIDLAKE, JAMES 2 England, fl.1820-27, MIM watch and clockmaker; son of James Bidlake 1. 48 (or 8) Chiswell Street, London. Taylor 2(1489).
BIDSTRUP, JESPER Denmark; England; Denmark, fl.1762-1802, MIM OIM PHIM Telescopes = ROS, Soth. 4/27/64-140, D., AUI, Videnskabs- historisk Museum, Aarhus; Mechanical Powers Apparatus = Sor° Akademi, Sor°. worked first with Nairne and Blunt, 1788; by 1793 was working by himself; had a catalogue; appointed "Royal City Mechanicus" upon his return to Copenhagen. Copenhagen; 36 St. Martin's Street, Leicester Square, London (1793); Copenhagen. Brieux 3; Chaldecott 3; Taylor 2(438); Dewhirst; RSW.
BIE, C. DE Holland, c.1689, NIM Magnetic Compass = D.(1986). compass maker. The Hague. Schück; Coffeen Z.
BIEHELER, LANDELINUS Germany, fl.1781-84, MIM Celestial Globe, 1781 = FRE; Terrestrial Globe, 1784 = FRE. Freiburg. Zinner 1.
BIENNAIS, MARTIN GUILLAUME France, 1764-1843, MIM Instrument Set in travel case = Musée Carnavalet; Rule, folding, mother-of-pearl = D. "orfèvre de Leurs Majestés Imperiales et Royales"; "Me. Tabletier ébeniste"; travel case belonged to Napoleon; rule from travel case of the Duchess d'Otrante; made magnificent traveling cases. au Singe violet, rue St.-Honoré, No. 283, Paris (1809-19). "Connaissance des Arts", Oct., 1980; Versailles 11/19/78; RSW.
BIENVENU France, c.1775, PHIM made physical apparatus. 18, rue de Rohan, Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet.
BIETTE France, c.1820, OIM PHIM Telescope = P.C. (1973); Marine Barometer = Drouot Richelieu 4/28/88. Lyon. Troadec; RSW.
BIFEZZI, G. Italy, 1835, MIM Telemeter, 1835 = FGM. Naples. Italian Inventory.
BIGAS England, PHIM Hydrometer = A-P 3/15/76. "Patented". Liverpool. RSW.
BIGG, BENJAMIN England, c.1679, MIM apprenticed by turnover to Robert Cooke of the Clockmakers' Company on Feb. 3, 1679. J. Brown 3.
BIGGS, B. England, c.1800, NIM Octant = P.C.; Sextant = ADL-A249. Swansea; Cardiff. Taylor 2(1085); ADL; RSW.
BIGGS, EDMUND England, c.1695, MIM apprenticed to John Bellinger 1 of the Clockmakers' Company on Dec. 12, 1695. J. Brown 3.
BIGGS, SAMUEL England, c.1752, apprenticed to John Urings 2 in the Grocers' Company on March 9, 1752. Crawforth 7.
BIGGS, THOMAS England; USA, fl.1785-1822, MIM NIM OIM SIM Hadley Quadrant, 1785 = Virgina Historical Society, Richmond, Va.; Octant, 1792 = P.C. T.C. in Adams' quadrant; apprenticed to Benjamin Condy, up to 1776; soldier, 1776-1781; worked in New York for eight years; returned to Philadelphia; succeeded Benjamin Condy in 1792; made and dealt in instruments. 32 Well-Fleet Street, London; Philadelphia, Pa.; No. 8 Water Street; 60, facing Beekman's Slip (1786); 32 Wall Street, near the Coffee House; both in New York, N.Y.; 81 South Front Street (1792); 85 South Front Street (1801-06): at the Sign of the Sextant (1815), 66 South Front Street (1807-21); all in Philadelphia, Pa. Bedini 1 and 8; Smart 1; Gillingham; USNM; D.J. Warner 8; DATM; RSW.
BIGNELL England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. London. Goodison 1.
BIGOT, E. French Guiana, MIM Cruciform Sundials = MERC-14 (176)= WHI, ADL-DPW47. may be one sundial, Bryden 16 does not show it, although Hamilton stated that it was sold to Whipple. Cayenne. Hamilton 1 and 2; ADL; RSW.
BIHLER, JOHANN PHILIP Germany, c.1750, MIM Equatorial Sundial = Huelsmann Coll. hour-plate is star-shaped; fitted case. Augsburg. Syndram.
BILD, VEIT Germany, 1484-1529, MIM astronomer; sundial maker. Augsburg. Bobinger 2.
BILDT, BAUKE EISMA VAN DER Holland, 1753-1831, OIM Telescopes = LEY, LOS, UTR, Eisinga's House, Franeker, Bom Auctions 1906 & 1910. succeeded his great-uncle, Jan van der Bildt 1, c.1791. Franeker. Rooseboom 1; Mörzer Bruyns 2; Daumas 1. USNM; RSW.
BILDT, JOHANNES VAN DER 1 Holland, 1709-91, OIM Telescopes = ZUR, UTR; LEY, Eisinga's House, Franeker, Dr. Coopman's House, Franeker (No. 368), LOS, TEY, P.C., Frisian Maritime Museum, etc. worked with his two sons; his great-nephew, Bauke Eisma van der Bildt succeeded to the business c.1791; full name was Jan Pytters van der Bildt; taught in high school in Franeker. Franeker. Rooseboom 1; Daumas 1; Zinner 1; G.L'E. Turner 28; Mörzer Bruyns 2; RSW.
BILDT, JOHANNES VAN DER 2 Holland, 1736-1779, OIM Telescopes = LEY, AMST, Eisinga's House, Franeker. son of Jan van der Bildt 1. Franeker. Rooseboom 1; Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2; RSW.
BILDT, LUBBERTUS VAN DER Holland, 1738-80, OIM PHIM Instruments = LEY, UTR (Physics Dept), Eisinga"s House, Franeker. Franeker. Rooseboom 1; RSW.
BILLAUX L'AINE France, c.1787, PHIM made physical apparatus; also spelled Billeau and Billiaux; Billaux l'Aîné. Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet.
BILLIAUX France, c.1782, PHIM see Greppin et Billiaux. Paris. A.J. Turner 10.
BILLING, JOSEPH England, c.1830, OIM 14 Maryland Street, Birmingham. Taylor 2(1778).
BILLING, R. England, c.1703, MIM bookseller with G. Briant, may have been instrument makers. at the King's Head, Cornhill, London. Taylor 1(536).
BILLINGHURST, ANTHONY England, c.1672, MIM apprenticed by turnover to Hilkiah Bedford of the Clockmakers' Company on July 1, 1672. J. Brown 3; A.J. Turner 9.
BILLON France, 1787, MIM made instrument to draw ellipses. Paris. Daumas 1.
BINDA 1 France, MIM Cannon Sundials = NOR (2). Marseilles. RSW.
BINDA 2 France, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Versailles 4/17/83. "Opticien". RSW.
BINDA, GIOVANNI England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = D.(1973). York. RSW.
BINGHAM England, c.1825, Captain, R.N.; invented a perpetual log. 22 Arundel Street, Strand, London. Taylor 2(1779).
BINGHAM, CHARLES England, fl.1808-18, MIM Table of Equation of Time, silver = BM-1897/3/15-2. signed "C. Bingham"; Price thought London and 18th Century; made sundials. Ann Street, Birmingham. Taylor 2(1779a); Bryden 9; Price 3; Ward 4.
BINGLEY, WILLIAM, AND SON England, 1808-18, PHIM made plates for batteries and piles. Bishopgate Street, Islington, Birmingham. Bryden 9.
BIOLA, B. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Cambridge. Goodison 1.
BIOLO, B. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Norwich. Goodison 1.
BION FILS France, son of Nicholas Bion. Paris. Daumas 1.
BION, L. MIM Universal Ring Sundial, case = Soth. 5/19/86-64. possibly Nicholas Bion. RSW.
BION, NICHOLAS France, 1652-1733, MIM his wide range of very well made instruments is illustrated in his book of 1709 on the construction and use of mathematical instruments; his production was very large and examples can be seen in numerous museums. his book was translated into English in 1723 by Stone, and into German in 1717 by Doppelmayer; "Ingénieur du Roi pour les Instruments de Mathématique"; T.C.; Lordelle was successor. quay de l'Horloge du Palais à l'enseigne du Soleil d'or (1699-1702 and 1708); au Quart de Cercle Géométrique sur le quay de l'orloge du Palais (1704); both in Paris. Daumas 1; Michel 1 and 2; Maddison 1 and 5; Josten; Bonelli 1; Price 3; Ward 4; NMM 2; USNM; Wynter 1; Hamilton 2; Tooley; Dewhirst; Moskowitz 109; Calvert 2; Engelmann 1; DSB; J.A. Bennett 2; Bryden 16; ADL; Syndram; Nachet; RSW.
BIRCH, WYRLEY England, MIM Vertical Plate Dial = Evans Coll.= OXF. Evans 1; Dewhirst.
BIRD, JOHN England, 1709-76, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums including miniature sextant, ADL-A288, mural quadrants at Technical Museum, Milan and NMM (1750), theodolite at Palermo Observatory, meridian telescope at MLL, stick barometer and thermometer at Herschel Home Museum, Bath; etc. apprenticed to Jonathan Sisson 2 in 1740; worked for him and George Graham; author; last great instrument maker to divide his scales by hand; T.C.; opposed Peter Dollond`s patent. Durham (1709-40); Sea Quadrant, Court Gardens; Sea Quadrant near the New Exchange Buildings (1748-63); both in Strand, London. Taylor 2(232); Goodison 1; Middleton 1; Maddison 1; Mörzer Bruyns 1; Stimson 2; Moskowitz 4 & 7; USNM; King 1; ADL; RSW; Daniel; Pipping 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; Garcia 1; DNB; DSB; J.A. Bennett 2; Crawforth 1; de Rijk; Coffeen 11; A.J. Turner 10.
BIRD, THOMAS England, c.1822, OIM High Street, Sheffield. Taylor 2(1490); Dewhirst.
BIRDSTRUP, J. misreading for Jesper Bidstrup. Taylor 2(438); Dewhirst; Chaldecott 3; RSW.
BIRKHEAD, JOHN England, c.1722, MIM apprenticed to Joseph Smith 1 of the Clockmakers' Company on July 2, 1722. J. Brown 3.
BIRNIE, JOHN Ireland, fl.1775-85, MIM Universal Ring Sundial = Bigger Coll. clockmaker. Templepatrick, Co. Antrim. Bigger; Baillie 1.
BISCHOFF, J.P. Germany, fl.1780-90, MIM Heliochronometer = Huelsmann Coll.; Instrument = DEU. Ansbach. Syndram; RSW.
BISHOP 1 England?, PHIM Wheel Barometer = APS. London? Multhauf 1.
BISHOP 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. see John Bishop. Sherborne. Goodison 1; Baillie 1.
BISHOP, JAMES Scotland, c.1794?, PHIM Stick Barometers = X, Christie-SK 5/15/96. clockmaker; X instrument signed "Jas. Bishop Edinburgh"; Christies signed "Jas. Bishop Musselburgh." Edinburgh. Goodison 1; Baillie 1; RSW.
BISHOP, JOAQUIM USA, fl.1845-57, MIM NIM PHIM made philosophical and chemical instruments. Philadelphia, Pa. USNM.
BISS, JOHN England, c.1746, apprenticed to John Farmer 2 in the Grocers' Company on Oct. 14, 1746. Crawforth 7.
BISSAKER, ROBERT England, fl.1642-54, MIM Slide Rule, wood, 1654 = KEN. made shipbuilder's rule. Ratcliff over against the Red Lyon Tavern, London. Bryden 9; Taylor 1(200); Dewhirst; Daumas 1; Clay and Court; A.J. Turner 10.
BISSEKER see Bissaker.
BITHRAY, STEPHEN England, fl.1827-60, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie-SK 1/22/88; Stick Barometers = X, Heathcote Ball 12/14/90, Phillips 10/5/76; Telescopes = D.(1982), Soth.-West Sussex 6/21/83; Compass Sundial = KEN-1947-280; Sextant with Telescope = Soth. 11/13/61-70; Universal Equatorial Sundial, case = Soth. 3/25/86. also made microscopes; "Bithray successor to J. Smith, Royal Exchange, London." North Piazza (or North Gate), 29 Royal Exchange, London. Taylor 2(1491); Goodison 1; Dewhirst; Clay and Court; Lake Forest, Ill. Antique Show, June 1982; RSW.
BITTERLIN Germany, MIM Compass = Strasbourg. Colmar. Evans 1.
BIZOT, J.L. France, 1702-81, MIM Vertical Dial = House, Faubourg Tarragnoz, Besançon, 1757; Floor Dial = Madeleine Church, Besançon. Bizot was counselor to the Presidial of Besançon; vertical dial was destroyed in 1880. Besançon. Gatty; COMP Vol. 1, No. 2.
BLACHFORD AND CO. England, NIM probably Robert and William Blachford. Minories, London. Taylor 2(1086).
BLACHFORD AND IMRAY England, fl.1836-42, NIM OIM PHIM Gunter Rule, sliding = D.(1980); Wheel Barometer= Christie-SK 5/15/96. Robert Blachford and James Imray were partners, 1836-42. 116 Minories; Navigation Warehouse; both in London. Taylor 2(1086); Brewington 1; O'Mara; Moskowitz 120; RSW.
BLACHFORD, ROBERT England, fl.1804-42, NIM OIM Telescope = PEA; Sextant = D.(1989). signed "Blachford"; worked with William Blachford at the Warehouse in the Minories; it was Blachford and Co. at Leadenhall Street; James Imray joined him in 1836. Navigation Warehouse, Little Tower Hill (1804-20); 137 Minories 1805; 114 Minories (1810-17); 79 Leadenhall Street (1821-25); 116 Minories (1836-40); all in London. Taylor 2(1086); Brewington 1; Moskowitz 120; O'Mara; RSW.
BLACHFORD, WILLIAM England, c.1830, OIM worked with Robert Blachford in the Minories; perhaps Blachford and Co. Minories, London. Taylor 2(1086).
BLACKBURN England, see Moffett and Blackburn; T.C. Calvert 2.
BLACKBURN, CUTHBERT England, fl.1847-48, PHIM see Johnson and Blackburn; barometer and thermometer maker. 34 Hatton Garden (1847-48); 7 Alfred Street, City Road (1848); both in London. Goodison 1; Bell 2.
BLACKBURNE, R. England, c.1850, NIM Mariner's Journalets = P.C.(1986), D.(1986). plotting device; D. also marked "aBn.", letters being in reverse. London. Multhauf 3; Coffeen 12.
BLACKIE England, c.1825, OIM microscope maker. Clay and Court.
BLACKIE, WILLIAM Scotland, fl.1834-38, OIM made jewel lenses for microscopes. Edinburgh. Bryden 3.
BLACKWELL, J. England, c.1820, OIM Telescope = Frau Dr. Gustav Bloch Coll., Vienna. watchmaker. 43 Plumben Street, City Road, London. Britten; RSW.
BLACKWOOD, W. AND J.T. England, NIM Octant = Christie 3/29/60-9. North Shields. Morrison-Low 1; RSW.
BLADEL, JOSEPH Germany?, 18th Century, MIM Crescent Sundial = ZAG. Zinner 1.
BLADO- England, c.1800, NIM name appears on a Hadley's quadrant shown on Thomas Swann's T.C.; may be owner or maker. Crawforth 1.
BLADON see Bleyghton. Taylor 1.
BLAEU, WILLEM JANSZOON Holland; Italy, 1571-1638, MIM he made many celestial and terrestrial globes of different sizes including a 67.7 cm. celestial globe, 1640 = ADL-M440, a printed astrolabe, telluriums to be found at LEY, BAU, WOL, KAS and AMST, etc.; a mural quadrant at LEY. pupil of Tyche Brahe on Hven; designed a Copernican armillary sphere; dated globes range from 1602-40. Alkmaar; Amsterdam; Venice. Koman; Rooseboom 1; Zinner 1; Stevenson; Gunther 1; Bonelli 1; Michel 2; Daumas 1; Belgian and Italian Inventories; Millburn 5; Wynter 1; Mörzer Bruyns 1 and 2; NMM 2; DSB; ADL; T. Campbell; Yonge; RSW.
BLAGRAVE, JOHN England, b.1558? d.1612, designed many fine astronomical and surveying instruments, including his Mathematical Jewel, Uranical Astrolabe, three-legged compass, running staff, armillary sphere, etc; author. Reading. Taylor 1(52); Dewhirst; Gunther 1 and 4; Michel 1, 2 and 3; Engelmann 1; D. King; DNB; ADL; John Collins; Blundeville; John Palmer; RSW.
BLAIR USA, see Booth, Garrett and Blair. USNM.
BLAIR, ARCHIBALD Scotland, c.1827, OIM 16 Broughton Place, Edinburgh (1827). Bryden 3.
BLAIR, H.G., AND CO. England, fl.1829-60, NIM T.C. in OOM Hadley octant case; compass adjusters; made chronometers; opticians. Bristol (1829); 95 Bute Street, Cardiff (1860). Bryden 9; Calvert 2; Crawforth 1; RSW.
BLAIR, ROBERT Scotland, fl.1783-1828, invented the aplanatic telescope. Edinburgh. Taylor 2(802).
BLAKE, JOHN England, fl.1766-1820, MIM apprenticed to John Urings 2 in the Joiners' Company, July 23,1752; free in the Company, May 6, 1766; took apprentices. near Hermitage Bridge, near Broad Street, Ratcliff (1766-73); New Ratcliff (1774-76); near Ratcliff Cross (1801); near Brewers Meeting, Stepney (1820); all in London. Crawforth 7.
BLAKELEY, BENJAMIN England, fl.1832-36, MIM PHIM 11 High Street, Lambeth, London. Taylor 2(1780); O'Mara.
BLAKELY England, c.1780, MIM Drawing Instrument Set = NMM. London. NMM 2.
BLAKENE England, 1342, MIM Astrolabe, 1342 = BM-1853/11/4-1. ICA-292. Gunther 1; Price 1 and 3; Ward 4; ICA 2; Michel 3; Dewhirst.
BLAKENEY see Cameron and Blakeney. RSW.
BLAKENEY AND CO. England, NIM Octant, brass with ivory scale = Christie-SK 10/6/83. Sunderland and Howe. Morrison-Low 1; RSW.
BLAKENEY, J.B., AND CO. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = OMM. see J.W. Blakeney and Co. South Shields. RSW.
BLAKENEY, J.W., AND CO. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = VNN. see J.B. Blakeney and Co. Hull and Sutherland. RSW.
BLAKEY, G.H. England, Master, R.N.; invented a stadiometer, c.1850; instrument made by W. Heath, Devonport. G.L'E. Turner 24.
BLAKSLEE, ZIBA USA, 1768-1834, MIM SIM made surveying instruments, clocks and bells. Newtown, Conn. Bedini 1; Smart 1.
BLANC, JACQUES Switzerland, PHIM Money Balances = Stadtmuseum, Meissen. Geneva. RSW.
BLANCHINI, ANTONIUS see Antonio Bianchini. Bonelli 1.
BLANCKE BZ., HENDRIK Holland, fl.1816-26, NIM compass maker. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
BLAND, EDWARD England, c.1668, apprenticed to Walter Hayes of the Grocers' Company on Aug. 19, 1668. J. Brown 1.
BLAND, JOSEPH England, c.1700?, MIM diallist. Beeston, Nottinghamshire. Taylor 1(516).
BLASER, JACOB Switzerland, MIM Hohenmesscheibe = Stuker 11/22/66. Berne. RSW.
BLASET France, fl.1769-72, OIM optician. Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet.
BLATCHFORD AND IMRAY see Blachford and Imray. O'Mara.
BLATON see Bleyghton. Taylor 1(163).
BLATT, I. England, 20th Century?, PHIM Stick Barometers = D.(1975), K. & C. 12/12/73. Brighton. RSW.
BLATTNER, JACOB Switzerland; USA, 1812-88, MIM SIM Surveying Compasses = P.C.; Clark County Historical Museum, Vancouver, B.C., Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis, D.(1990), D.(1987). Berne; St. Louis, Mo. USNM; Smart 1; Coffeen 16; RSW.
BLAUWE, P.D. Belgium, 1777, MIM Perpetual Calendar, disc, 1777 = BM-1901/11/15-16. Gend. Price 3; Ward 4.
BLAVET France, 1769, OIM made lenses and mirrors. Quai de l'Horloge, Paris. Nachet.
BLAXAM, RICHARD England, 1651, MIM Quadrant, silver, 1651 = BM-1855/5/9-1 (destroyed). also has monogram of "B." over "RH."; usually listed erroneously as "Bloxham." Price 3; Ward 4; Taylor 1(250); Clay and Court; Dewhirst.
BLAYTON, EDWARD England, c.1612, apprenticed to Elias Allen of the Grocers' Company on July 7, 1612. J. Brown 1.
BLENAERTS, I. France, 1770, MIM Sundial, 1770 = OXF. Malines. Michel 3.
BLENKINSOP, JOHN England, c.1793, apprenticed to Dudley Adams of the Grocers' Company on July 4, 1793. J. Brown 1.
BLENLER misreading for Bleuler. K. and C. 3/28/73.
BLEUBER misreading for Bleuler. Christie 2/8/79.
BLEULER, JOCK Globe, miniature = D.(1997). misreadimg for John Bleuler. ATG 10/14/97.
BLEULER, JOHN England, c.1757-1829, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums , including a microscope, 1788, sextants, an orrery, sundials, an ivory thermometer, a barometer, Miniature Terrestrial Globe, etc. apprenticed to Henry Raines Shuttleworth of the Spectacle- makers' Company in 1771; free of the Company, Oct. 7, 1779; Master of the Company 1792, 1795, 1811; worked with Shuttleworth until 1791; succeeded to Thomas Whitford's business, 1791; T.C., optician. Mr. Shuttleworth's, 23 Ludgate Street; 27 Ludgate Street, (1791); both in London. Taylor 2(687); Daumas 1; Brewington 1; Dewhirst; Crawforth 1; Moskowitz 105; Calvert 2; Court and von Rohr 3(200); USNM; J.A. Bennett 2; Sotheby's 5/11/94; RSW.
BLEWLER misreading for Bleuler. Brewington 1.
BLEYGHTON, JOHN England, fl.1630-34, MIM may be the same as John Blighton 1. near Bull Head Tavern in Tower Street, London. Taylor 1(163); Dewhirst; Evans 1; J. Brown 1.
BLIGHTON, JOHN 1 England, fl.1620-54?, MIM apprenticed to Elias Allen of the Grocers' Company; free of the Company on Aug. 16, 1620; may be John Bleyghton. J. Brown 1.
BLIGHTON, JOHN 2 England, fl.1654-, MIM free of the Grocers' Company by Patrimony on Aug. 9, 1654; might mean that his father, John Blighton 1, had died and thus the last three apprentices in his father's list would have been his. J. Brown 1.
BLIGNY, AUGUST 18th Century, MIM SIM Carpenter's Square with pivoted index = LOS. USNM; RSW.
BLISS AND CO. USA, c.1845, NIM Bearing Sight Instrument = MYS. New York, N.Y. RSW.
BLISS AND CREIGHTON USA, c.1845, MIM NIM SIM John Bliss 1 and Creighton. New York City. USNM.
BLISS, JOHN (1), AND CO. USA, fl.1845-78, MIM NIM PHIM SIM Marine Compasses = PMS, Nat'l Museum of Canada, D.(1978); Surveying Compass = USNM; Bliss Taffrail Log = D.(1971). log patented 1864 and 1878.; started as Bliss and Creighton; T.C. 2 Burling Slip; 128 Front Street, between Wall and Pine; all in New York, N.Y. USNM; Brewington 1; Moskowitz 132; J.A. Bennett 2; RSW.
BLISS, JOHN 1 USA, 1795-1857, MIM NIM SIM Surveying Compasses = D.(1960); Marine Compass = Glenbow Museum, Canada; Alidade = D.(1997). became John Bliss and Co. in 1845. 42 Fulton Street, New York, N.Y. USNM; Moskowitz 103; Brewington 1; Bedini 6; J.A. Bennett 2; MAD June 1997.
BLISS, JOHN 2 USA, fl.1840-78, NIM New York, N.Y. J.A. Bennett 2.
BLISS, MOSES BRIDGMAN USA, 1798-1885, MIM Garden Sundial with compass and analemma = D.(1980). sundial registered in Maine. Mass.; Maine; Wis. Moskowitz 120.
BLOCH, ABRAHAM Germany, 1583, MIM Calendar Plate, 1583 = MUN-1294. Bayreuth. Zinner 1.
BLOCK, FRANCIS England, c.1689, MIM apprenticed to John Bellinger 1 of the Clockmakers' Company on July 18, 1689. J. Brown 3.
BLOCKER, SYMEN DIRCKXSEN Holland, c.1626, MIM marked on mariner's astrolabe at SKO, (NMM-13); thought to be owner; copy of it is at STK. Waters 1; A. Stimson 3; Mörzer Bruyns 2.
BLOK, TJEPKE see Keimpe Zeilmaker en Tjepke Blok. Rooseboom 1.
BLOMBERG, MARTINUS Sweden, c.1575, MIM Horizontal Sundial, silver = NOR-81.147. Stockholm. Swedish Exhib. Cat., 1952; RSW.
BLOND, C. misreading for C. Bloud. Pugsley Sale.
BLOND, C.H. misreading for C. Bloud. Stewart, et al.
BLONDEAU France, 18th Century, MIM Square = Spitzer-2869; Level = Spitzer-2824 = And.-Spitzer Sale-5; Universal Ring Sundial = MADEX-218 = CNAM; Sector = ADL-M89. universal ring sundial had five sundials added at a later time and is signed "Blondeaux"; could be B., or Nicholas or Roch Blondeau. Paris. Daumas 1; Cons. Nat'1 1; Destombes 4; Hamilton 2; ADL; RSW.
BLONDEAU, B. France, 18th Century, MIM sundial maker. Paris. Daumas 1.
BLONDEAU, NICOLAUS France; Italy, fl.1694-1706, MIM SIM Universal Ring Sundials = CNAM, Nouveau Drouot 5/20/88, D.(1986), OXF-B112, TIM, Drecker Coll.= P.C., etc.; Military Protractor = ADL-M125; Sector, 1694 = OXF; Pair of Dividers, = NMM (1694); Compass = P.C.(1965); Surveying Quadrant, 1695 = P.C.; Ellipsometer Track = HAK; Gunnery Calipers = MAA. calipers signed "N. Blondo"; OXF sector signed "Nicolaus Blondo fecit" (the final "o" has an acute accent over it); the Nouveau Drouot and D.(1986) universal ring sundials all have an inner rotating ring divided into 15-minute intervals, to give Italian or Babylonian hours as well as local suntime. Paris (1694-95); Naples (1706). Daumas 1; Engelmann 1; Michel 3; Gunther 2; Josten; NMM 2; Coffeen 12; ADL; RSW.
BLONDEAU, PETRUS see Petrus Blondeus. Daumas 1; Michel 3.
BLONDEAU, ROCH France, fl.1664-90, MIM SIM Sector, 1670 = Soth. 12/19/66-53; Rule, 1668 = CNAM; Butterfield-type Sundials = OXF-B71 and B72, WHI (silver) (1673), MADEX-91 = NMM (1670), Christie 2/13/68-38, LEY, ADL-M89; Rule, folding, silver, 1670 = A-P 3/15/76; Horizontal String-gnomon Sundial, 1667 = WHI; Pocket Sundial, 1664 = D.(1994); etc. "ingénieur du roi en instruments des mathématiques." à l'enseigne de la Boussole, Quai du Grandcours-d'Eau, Ile de la Cité, Paris (1665). Daumas 1; Michel 1; Dewhirst; Engelmann 1; Evans 1; Josten; Bryden 11 and 16; Coffeen 46; ADL; RSW.
BLONDEAUX see Blondeau. MADEX.
BLONDEL ET MELLY Switzerland, 1840, MIM Zakhorloge, 1840 = AMST. Geneva. Mörzer Bruyns 1.
BLONDEL, HENRY 1707, MIM Sundial, copper, 1707 = P.C. for 48°. RSW.
BLONDEUS, PETRUS France; Italy, c.1700, MIM Recipiangle = ADL-M107. the instrument is signed "Petrus Blondeus Gall. fecit Romae"; he was a Frenchman working in Rome; the invention of the recipiangle is credited to Silvius Maggirius. Rome. Engelmann 1; Daumas 1; Michel 3; ADL; RSW.
BLONDO, NICOLAUS see Nicolaus Blondeau. RSW.
BLONO, NICOLO Italy, MIM Instrument = NMM. probably Nicolaus Blondeau. Naples. NMM 2; RSW.
BLOUD many Bloud-type sundials are signed "Bloud"; could be by Charles, Charles le Jeune, Gabriel, Jacques or Jean Bloud.
BLOUD, CHARLES France, fl.1653-80, MIM Bloud-type Sundial, large, 1653 = HAR; a great number of his portable sundials are found in numerous collections, including ADL, WHI, OXF, etc. Huguenot; he invented a magnetic azimuth sundial now known as the Bloud-type; they were usually of ivory but a few tortoise- shell ones exist; a sliding hour scale within the compass box is adjusted to the time of year by turning the volvelle on the back; when the sundial is aligned with the sun, the compass needle points to the proper hour; usually signed "Fait et Invent par Charles Bloud à Dieppe" on back plate. Dieppe. Michel 1 and 3; ADL; Syndram; Bryden 16; Daumas 1; Maddison 1 and 5; Josten; Vivielle 1; Monreal; Price 2 and 3; Ward 4; USNM; NMM 2; Tardy; Nachet; Hamilton 1; T. Murdock; RSW.
BLOUD, CHARLES, LE JEUNE France, c.1700, MIM Diptych Sundials, ivory = WUP, Lempertz 4/28/61, Christie 11/24/83; Bloud-type Sundial, ivory = Soth. 11/13/61-81. Dieppe. RSW.
BLOUD, GABRIEL France, c.1666, MIM Bloud-type Sundials, ivory = ADL-N20, MADEX-168 = Musée, Dieppe, MERC-88, PMM, etc.; Diptych Sundial, ivory = P.C. probably son or brother of Charles Bloud. Dieppe. Michel 3; Hamilton 1 and 2; ADL; RSW.
BLOUD, I. France, c.1670, MIM Horizontal Sundials = BM, Soth. 12/12/55/ (ivory). BM gnomon is for 50° latitude; maybe Jacques or, less likely, Jean Bloud. Ward 4; RSW.
BLOUD, JACQUES France, c.1666, MIM Bloud-type Sundial, ivory = MERC-60. possibly son or brother of Charles Bloud. Dieppe. Hamilton 1 and 2; RSW.
BLOUD, JEAN France, c.1690, MIM Horizontal Sundial, ivory and silver = OXFB-201. Dieppe. Maddison 5.
BLOUD, KAREL France, MIM Montfoort. Evans 1.
BLOW, EDMUND England, fl.1704-38, MIM NIM Napier's Bones, 1715 = OXF; Backstaff, 1736 = WHI. apprenticed to Grace Wells in the Joiners' Company, Aug. 6, 1695; free in the Company, June 13, 1704; took apprentices; the bones were made for Mr. Julius Deeds; the backstaff was made for James M'Culloch. Golden Quadrant, Plow Alley, Union Stairs, Wapping; Virginia Street; both in London. Taylor 1(570) and 2(14); Dewhirst; Crawforth 7; RSW; J.A. Bennett 2.
BLOW, F. see Edmund Blow.
BLOXAM, JAMES MACKENZIE England, 1843, invented depleidoscope in 1843, made and sold by E.J. Dent who named the instrument. Coffeen; G.L'E. Turner 24.
BLOXHAM, RICHARD misreading for Richard Blaxam. Taylor 1(250); Price 3; Dewhirst; Clay and Court.
BLOYD, C. misreading for C. Bloud. Bernal Sale.
BLUNDY, CHARLES England; USA, fl.1753-60, PHIM made or sold thermometers. London; Church Street, Charleston, S.C. Bedini 1.
BLUNT 1 see Nairne and Blunt.
BLUNT 2 England, OIM Spyglass = USNM. could be Edward or Thomas Blunt. London. USNM.
BLUNT AND CO. USA, fl.1868-78, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM George William Blunt; succeeded Blunt and Nichols. New York, N.Y. Moskowitz 103; Brewington 1.
BLUNT AND NICHOLS USA, fl.1866-68, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Edmund Blunt 2, F.M. Nash and John H Nichols were partners in Blunt and Nichols; succeeded by Blunt and Co., in 1868; Nichols was the Blunts' uncle. New York, N.Y. Smart 1.
BLUNT AND SON 1 England, 1802 and 1814, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Thomas Blunt 1 and possibly William Blunt or Thomas Blunt 2. London. Wess 1.
BLUNT AND SON 2 England, fl.1822-24, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Thomas Blunt 1 and Edward Blunt. London. Wess 1.
BLUNT, CHARLES 1 England, fl.1811-18, MIM NIM OIM SIM Surveying Compass = Soth. 4/22/65-53; Instrument = NMM; Alt-azimuth Quadrant = WHI; Telescope, single draw = Christie-SK 4/14/89. T.C.; made sextants, alt-azimuth circles and pocket theodolites; compass is signed "C. Blunt." Cornhill; 38 Tavistock Street (1817); both in London. Taylor 2(1281); Wess 1; J.A. Bennett 2; RSW.
BLUNT, CHARLES 2 Sir Charles Blunt; marked on a sundial, ADL-T22, which is signed "H.C. 1591"; it is the work of D.B. Sheahan of New York, N.Y. c.1900. ADL; RSW.
BLUNT, E. England or USA, OIM Telescope = MYS. could be Edmund or Edward Blunt. RSW.
BLUNT, E. AND G.W. USA, fl.1826-66, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums. Edmund (1) and George William Blunt, sons of Edmund March Blunt; manufactory at Elizabeth, N.J., listed as being formerly Hermann Wendt (1859). 149 Fly Market Street (1826); Maiden Lane; 179 Water Street, corner of Burling Slip and West Hooker Street; all in New York, N.Y. Moskowitz 103; Smart 1; Brewington 1; USNM; Bedini 8; RSW; J.A. Bennett 2; D.J. Warner 10; DATM.
BLUNT, EDMUND 1 USA, 1799-1866, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM son of Edmund March Blunt; older brother and partner of George William Blunt; see E. and G.W. Blunt. New York, N.Y. Smart 1; Moskowitz 103; J.A. Bennett 2; D.J. Warner 10.
BLUNT, EDMUND 2 USA, 1842-94, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM son of Edmund Blunt 1; partner in Blunt and Nichols with F.M. Nash and John H. Nichols, 1866-68; this firm became Blunt and Co. in 1868, and Edmund was succeeded by his brother, William Sinclair Blunt at that time; he established the New York Optical Works that same year. 16 Burling Slip, New York, N.Y. (1868-94). Smart 1
BLUNT, EDMUND MARCH USA, 1770-1862, MIM NIM Nautical Compass = USNM. publisher; set up chart and quadrant shop, 1812; his sons, Edmund (1) and George William Blunt, carried on the firm; Warner 12 says that son-in-law, William Hooker, took over 202 Water Street in 1819. Newburyport, Mass. (1793-1811); at the Sign of the Quadrant, 202 Water Street, corner of Beekman Slip, New York, N.Y. (1811-62). USNM; Brewington 1; Bedini 8; D.J. Warner 10 and 12.
BLUNT, EDWARD England, c.1828, MIM PHIM Barometer = Christie 8/2/72. son of Thomas Blunt 1; could be Blunt and Son, 1822-24; free by Patrimony in 1825; took over the business; barometer is signed "E. Blunt"; spirit level signed "Pool-London." 22 Cornhill, London. O'Mara; Wess 1; RSW.
BLUNT, GEORGE WILLIAM USA, 1802-78, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM younger son of Edmund March Blunt and younger brother of Edmund Blunt 1; see E. and G.W. Blunt. New York, N.Y. Smart 1; Brewington 1; Moskowitz 103; Bedini 8; J.A. Bennett 2; D.J. Warner 10.
BLUNT, JOHN England, c.1767, NIM Sextants = Soth. 3/21/73, Christie 12/17/75. compass maker; catalogues think he is 1800 or later; may be two men. Wapping Dock, London. Taylor 2(576); RSW.
BLUNT, ROBERT England, c.1789, MIM apprenticed to George Adams 2 of the Grocers' Company on Sept. 5, 1782; free of the Company on Dec. 3, 1789. J. Brown 1.
BLUNT, T. AND T. England, c. 1822, MIM OIM PHIM Sets of Drawing Instruments = P.C., Decatur House, Washington, D.C.; Microscope = Phillips 11/16/76; Rule, ivory = P.C.; Hydrometers = X (de Luc-type), Phillips 5/20/75; Garden Sundial = D.(1975); Telescope, Gregorian = Moose Factory Museum, Ontario; Barometer = P.C. perhaps Thomas Blunt 1 and 2. 22 Cornhill, London. USNM; Delehar 3; Wess 1; RSW.
BLUNT, T., AND SON England, c.1822, OIM Microscope = P.C.; Telescope = Christie 4/9/75. Thomas Blunt and Son; telescope signed "Blunt and Son." 22 Cornhill, London. O'Mara; RSW.
BLUNT, T.T. misreading for T. and T. Blunt? Soth. 2/8/83.
BLUNT, THOMAS 1 England, fl.1760-1822, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums, including barometers, microscopes, telescopes, sundials, levels, dipping needles, orreries, etc. apprenticed to Edward Nairne of the Spectaclemakers' Company in 1760; free of the Company in 1771; Master of the Company 1782-94; partner of Nairne, 1774-93; worked alone, 1793-1805; had son in business in 1805; "Mathematical Instrument Maker to His Majesty"; T.C.; see Nairne and Blunt; see T. and T. Blunt; see T. Blunt and Son; succeeded by Thomas Harris.. 22 Cornhill; 136 Minories (1814-20); both in London. Taylor 2(577); Goodison 1; Clay and Court; Symonds; Moskowitz 112; Wynter and Turner; Dewhirst; Multhauf 1; USNM; Pipping 1; Court and von Rohr 3(180); Calvert 2; Crawforth 1 & 6; Wynter 1; Wess 1; Bryden 16; RSW.
BLUNT, THOMAS 2 England, c.1811., MIM OIM free of the Spectaclemakers' Company on March 2, 1811; may have been son in Blunt and Son 1. 18 Ivy Lane, London. Dewhirst; Court and von Rohr 3(241); Wess 1.
BLUNT, WILLIAM England, c.1825, MIM Rev. William Blunt, son of and apprenticed to Thomas Blunt 1 of the Spectaclemakers' Company, June 1, 1816; free of the Company on Oct. 11, 1825. Court and von Rohr 3(244); Wess 1.
BLUNT, WILLIAM SINCLAIR USA, 1837-1903, MIM SIM in 1868 he replaced his brother, Edmund Blunt 2 in Blunt and Co. with F.M. Nash as a partner. New York, N.Y. Smart 1.
BLYDENBURGH AND GILES USA, fl.1838-42, MIM SIM Transit = D.(1983). Samuel Blydenburgh and Edward Giles; also sold nautical, optical and philosophical instruments. Philadelphia, Pa. Smart 1; USNM; Coffeen E.
BLYDENBURGH AND HYDE USA, c.1847, MIM Samuel Blydenburgh and Joseph Hyde; machinists. 1 Fetter Lane, Philadelphia, Pa. Smart 1.
BLYDENBURGH, SAMUEL USA, 1802-52, MIM see Blydenburgh and Giles; see Blydenburgh and Hyde. Philadelphia, Pa. Smart 1; USNM.
BLYTON see Blighton. J. Brown 1.
BOARDMAN England, 1709, MIM Perpetual Calendar, 1709 = D.(1975). Wynter 1.
BOBY see Schulen and Boby.
BOCHSEN, JOHANN CARL France, 1616, Bochsen designed an artillery level in 1616; author; in a mms. in Ulm he takes the title "Meisterey." Strasbourg. RSW.
BOCKELTS, JAN Holland; Germany, fl.1607-40, MIM Sundials in watch lids = Mallett Coll., NYM (Morgan Coll.) the sundial in the NYM is signed "Jan Bockelts Aachen." Aachen. Vincent 2; Baillie 1.
BOCKSTAEL, VAN France, d.1740, MIM Equatorial Sundials = Musée, Nancy (2). "Machiniste du Roy." Nancy. Michel 3 and 14.
BODDINGTON, JOHN England, c.1734, MIM Perpetual Calendar = BM-1930/1/6-1 apprenticed to Simon Cade of the Clockmakers' Company on April 5, 1725; free of the Company, Oct. 7, 1734. Threadneedle Street, London. Price 3; Ward 4.
BODEUR France, 1819, PHIM Barometer, 1819 = CNAM. Quai de l'Horloge, Paris. USNM; Middleton 1.
BODIN, FRIEDRICH Germany?, 1788, MIM Lippspring. Evans 1.
BODSON France, c.1800, OIM optician; made lenses and mirrors. Quai de l'Horloge, Paris. Nachet.
BODUMONT, J.B.F. Belgium, 1796, MIM Sundial, slate, large = X; Tellurium = X. rue de l'Intendant, Brussels. Michel 3.
BOEHM, ANDREAS Germany, 1720-90, OIM PHIM Geissen. Daumas 1.
BOEKENES, P. Holland, 1707, NIM Cross-staff, three vanes, 1707 = HAK. Mörzer Bruyns 2; RSW.
BOEKMER, TOBIAS misreading for Tobias Volkmer. "Engineering", post-1944.
BOELAU, G. Ireland?, c.1850, MIM Clinometer = D.(1972). Moskowitz 104.
BOERNAVE, JEHAN France, 1354, MIM Astrolabe Clock = Strasbourg Cathedral. destroyed c.1550. Strasbourg. Gunther 1.
BOETHIUS, A.M.S. fl.480-525, MIM was commissioned by Theodoric to construct a water clock and sundial for Gundibald, King of the Burgundians. Cousins.
BOFFAT see Buffat.
BOFFI, A. AND P. England, c.1840, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth., 6/6/96. see P. and A. Boffi. Hastings. RSW.
BOFFI, L. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Hastings. Goodison 1.
BOFFI, P. AND A. England, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometers = Soth. 7/21/87, D.(1990). D.(1990) is signed "P.A. Boffi." RSW.
BOFFY, L. England, c.1850, PHIM Stick Barometer = Christie 4/25/91. Hastings. RSW.
BOGGAIA, D. England, c.1839, PHIM barometer and thermometer maker. 29 1/2 Great Warner Street, London. Goodison 1.
BOHAIM see Behaim.
BOHEIM, MORITZ see Moritz Behaim. Neumann 1.
BOHEMUS, CHASPARUS Austria, 1568, MIM Astrolabe Clocks = Spitzer Sale = Chauteau d'Anet (1568), Morgan Coll. = NYM (1568). Chasparus Bohémus; alternative spelling is "Caspar Böheim." Vienna. Tardy 1; Vincent 2; Van Cittert; Neumann 1.
BOHINI DE PORTARIS Italy, 17th Century, MIM Astrolabe = Castello Sforzesco, Milan. might be ICA-2059 or -2061. Italian Inventory; ICA 2.
BOHLING, CHRISTIAN see Christian Boyling. Michel 3.
BOHM, MARCUS Germany, c.1660, MIM Astrolabe Table Clock = UTR. Gunther 333; Van Cittert thought c.1600. Augsburg. Gunther 1; Michel 3; Britten; Van Cittert; de Rijk.
BOHME, PROF., AND M. REITER Austria, MIM Starfinder, celestial globe with two telescopes = AUI. "Pat. des Prof. Bohme, etc." Innsbruck. RSW.
BOIG, JOHN Scotland, fl.1649-d.1663, MIM Edinburgh. Bryden 3.
BOIJLING see Boyling.
BOISSIER Germany, MIM Equatorial Sundial = HEI. Berlin. RSW.
BOITTE France, MIM see Girard and Boitte. RSW.
BOJSI, PAUL England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Rayleigh. Goodison 1.
BOKMA, ALLE JANS Holland, 1801-80, MIM Planetarium, 1841 = Eisinga's House, Franeker; Tellurium = FRI. mill maker. Workum. Rooseboom 1; RSW.
BOLING, Z. Z. Böling; see Z. Boyling. Zinner 1.
BOLLAND, WILLIAM PHIM Beam Balance, pocket = Christie-SK 2/9/84. RSW.
BOLLEN, E.R. Germany, 1697, MIM Instrument, 1697 = X. Hertogenbosch. Evans 1.
BOLLES, WILLIAM USA, 1800-67, designed a trigonometer, 1824. New London, Conn. Brewington 1; Bedini 8.
BOLLETTI, L. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
BOLLING Germany, 1709, Bölling; possibly Z. Boyling. Kassel. Evans 1.
BOLLON see Thomas Bolton. Bryden 9.
BOLLORE, LOUIS France, NIM Marine Compass, small = Versailles 4/17/83. Concarneau. RSW.
BOLONGARO AND SON England, fl.1848-60, PHIM made barometers and thermometers; "Printers and Publishers to the Queen"; Dominic and Peter Bolongaro. 32 Market Street (1845-54); 30-32 Market Street (1855-60); both in Manchester. Goodison 1.
BOLONGARO, DOMINIC Italy; England, 1817?-60, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. making barometers by 1843; his son, Peter, was partner, 1848-60; worked with Vittore Zanetti up to 1817. 2 Old Millgate (1817-30); 14 Market Street (1832-33); 32 Market Street (1834-54); 30-32 Market Street (1855-60); all in Manchester. Goodison 1.
BOLONGARO, PETER England, fl.1848-60, PHIM son of Dominic Bolongaro; see Bolongaro and Son. Manchester. Goodison 1.
BOLTER, HUGH England, fl.pre-1638-72, OIM apprenticed into the Woodmongers' Company; free of the Company in 1666; transferred to the Spectaclemakers' Company in 1666; worked for Robert Hooke. Little Minories, London (1670-72). Taylor 1(275); Court and von Rohr 3(18); Crawforth 6.
BOLTON 1 England, fl. c.1837-50, MIM Rule, ivory = Soth.-Chester 9/22/83; Sectors, ivory = Phillips 2/2/84, D.(1984); Routledge-type Slide Rule, ivory = Christie-SK 11/15/79. the rule from the Soth. Cat. is from a set of drawing instruments. RSW.
BOLTON 2 MIM Bolton's Cypher Wheel = D.(1973). Wynter 1.
BOLTON, D. England, c.1815, MIM Garden Sundial = BM-1926/10/16-10. made for Queen Caroline. London. Price 3; Ward 4.
BOLTON, FREDERICK AND HENRY England, c.1837, MIM successors of Thomas Bolton. 62 Loveday Street, Birmingham. Taylor 2(2018).
BOLTON, JOHN England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Durham. Goodison 1; Baillie 1.
BOLTON, THOMAS England, fl.1808-45, MIM Set of Mathematical Instruments, case = X; Garden Dial = X. Bryden says (Bollon?), 1808-18 and rule maker; Clay and Court thought instrument set c.1780; may be two makers. 6 Colmore Row (1808; Colmore Row (1818); 61 and 62 Loveday Street; all in Birmingham. Bryden 9; Taylor 2(1782); Clay and Court; Dewhirst; Crawforth 6.
BOMBARDA see Augustinus Cucco, bombarda. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
BOMBELLI, BALDASSARO England, c.1830, PHIM made barometers. 6 King Street, Whitehaven. Taylor 2(1783).
BOMBERG, CARL Germany, OIM Refracting Telescope = P.C. four-inch. Fredinau Strasse, Berlin. RSW.
BON, JEAN France, c.1820, Jambon? Coffeen Note.
BON, JOHN Scotland, fl.1840-46, NIM Octant = D.(1976); Marine Barometer = Soth. 4/28/88. also made chronometers and watches; succeeded by Mrs. John Bon by 1850; signature on back of compass card in azimuth cmpass by Thomas Smith. 17 Dock Street (1840); 25 Dock Street (1845); 26 Dock Street (1846); all in Dundee. Taylor 2(2082); Bryden 3; Moskowitz; Clarke et al; RSW.
BON, MRS. JOHN Scotland, fl.1850-53, NIM succeeded her husband after 1846; by 1853 she was no longer listed as a NIM. 24 Dock Street East, Dundee (1850). Bryden 3; Clarke et al.
BONALDO, MARCO Italy, 1677-99, MIM Pair of Globes = Widener Library, Harvard U., Cambridge, Mass. the celestial globe is dated 1677, the terrestrial, 1699. Venice. Yonge.
BONANNI, P. PHILIPPE Italy, c.1689, OIM made microscopes; author. Daumas 1; Nachet; Price 2.
BONAR, JOHN Scotland, fl.1623-34, MIM Equatorial Sundial, Dec. 11, 1623, slate = Dumfries Burgh Museum; Sundials, slate = Kirkcudbright (1623), Loudoun Castle (1634), Soth. 10/15/73 (1634) = Soth. 6/24/74 = D, RSM, Bangor Heritage Center. Johanne? Aerae = Ayr. Gatty; Wynter and Turner; USNM; Rohr and Somerville; RSW; Clarke et al; Somerville.
BOND, A. England, c.1850, OIM Microscope, double pillar = D.(1981). London. Moskowitz 122.
BOND, HENRY England, c.1600-78, developed a ship-builder's scale; may be the Henry Bond who observed variations in the compass in 1662. London. Bryden 9; Bedini 8.
BOND, JOHN England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X. one barometer is signed "Bond Okehampton", the other "John Bond." Okehampton. Goodison 1.
BOND, THOMAS England, c.1685, MIM apprenticed to Withers Cheney of the Clockmakers' Company on April 30, 1685. J. Brown 3.
BOND, W. England, 1795, MIM Garden Dial, 1795 = D.(1975). RSW.
BOND, WILLIAM USA, fl.1781-1823, MIM NIM Horizontal Sundial, 1781 = X; Octant, ebony, 1823 = UTR. apprenticed in 1769; naturalized in 1785; father of William Cranch Bond. 152 State Street, Boston, Mass. Price 2; Evans 1; Carlaw.
BOND, WILLIAM CRANCH USA, 1789-1859, MIM PHIM astronomical and meteorological instruments, 1819; son of William Bond; showed in the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London; Director of Harvard College Observatory, Cambridge (1839-). Dorchester, Mass. USNM; Bedini 8; J.A. Bennett 2; Carlaw.
BOND, WILLIAM, AND SON USA, c.1850, MIM NIM in the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London. Boston, Mass. G.L'E. Turner 24.
BONET see Bonetus de Latis.
BONETUS DE LATIS France, c.1490, MIM Astrolabe on a finger ring = X. made for Pope Alexander; Gunther 172. Gunther 1; Michel 3; Bonelli 1.
BONFA, R.P., S.J. France, fl.1672-73, MIM Wall Dial, 1672-73 = facade of the Jesuit College (now a girls' high school, Grenoble. Grenoble. Boursier.
BONIUS, JOANNES Germany, fl.1573-91, MIM Astronomical Compendia = ADL-M366, KEN, FRA, VAA; Diptych Sun- dial, gilt-brass = LIE; Perpetual Calendar, 1591 = Rein Stift. Boone? Bamberg? Zinner 1; Michel 1 and 2; Engelmann 1; Evans 1; Rooseboom 1; ADL; RSW.
BONNE France, 1727-94, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1783 = CNAM-768; Celestial Globe = Dépôt de la Marine, Paris. "Ingénieur-hydrographie de la Marine." Paris. Cons. Nat'l 1; Destombes 4; Michel 3; Brieux 2; Howse 2.
BONNEAU, VINCENT France, 1574, MIM Nocturnal with Quadrant, 1574 = WHI. "Faict à Sens par Vincent Bonneau." Sens. Bryden 16; Hamilton 2; RSW.
BONNEMAIN 1626, MIM SIM Surveying Cross, 1626 = BMR. Michel 7; A.J. Turner 10.
BONNES France, 18th Century, MIM Analemmatic Sundial = OXFB-237. Maddison 5.
BONNET France, c.1850, MIM in Great Exhibition of 1851 in London. 5, Chemin de Ronde de la Barriere, Ménilmontant. G.L'E. Turner 24.
BONNEVIE, CLAUDE France, fl. 1654-87, MIM Horizontal Sundials, silver, oval = NMM-D.125 (Caird), D.(1997); Watch, enameled = Musée Paul Dupuy. NMM is ex-Bernard Coll.; watch is signed "Claude Bonnevye." Paris. Hamilton 2; Nachet; Tardy 1.
BONONIE, PEREGRINA SPANIOLUS 1637, MIM Square, 1637 = ROM-4080. Price 2.
BONSIGNORI, DOM STEFANO Italy, fl.1570-87, made polyhedral sundials of wood and leather; for instruments see D.S.B.F.F., D.S.F.F., D. Steph. B.F.F.; possibly D. Stephanus; sometimes spelled "Buonsignori." Florence. Bonelli 1; Michel 3.
BOOK see Boig. Bryden 3.
BOOKER, FRANCIS AND JOHN Ireland, fl.1761-73, OIM T.C. shows microscope and telescope. Essex Bridge, Dublin. Morrison-Low and Burnett.
BOOKER, JOHN Ireland, fl.1774-89, sold looking glasses; see Francis and John Booker. 6 Essex Bridge; 4 Jervis Street; both in Dublin. Morrison-Low and Burnett.
BOONE see Joannes Bonius. Engelmann 1; Michel 1 and 2; Rooseboom 1; RSW..
BOONEN, J. STAATS Holland, fl.1823-40, NIM succeeded Johannes Gerard Hulst van Keulen van de Velde in 1823; succeeded by Jacob Swart although the firm continued under the name of "Gerard Hulst van Keulen." Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
BOONIUS see Bonius. Rooseboom 1.
BOOSMAN, W. Holland, 19th Century, NIM Compass Rose = AMST. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 1.
BOOSMAN, WILLEM, EN CO. Holland, 1836-1926, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Horseshoe Magnet = LEY; Compass = KRO; Instruments = ROT; Compasses = AMST (19); Sextant = AMST. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2.
BOOTH, GARRETT AND BLAIR USA, 1836-99, PHIM made chemical and physical instruments. 404 and 406 Locust Street, Philadelphia, Pa. USNM.
BOOZ Germany, 18th Century, MIM SIM Protractor and Compass = BAM. made geodetic instruments. Aschaffenburg. Michel 3.
BORBIGE, CHARLES England, c.1830, MIM Wheel Barometer = X. 1 King Street, Whitehaven. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1784).
BORCH, HANS MIM Horizontal Sundial, lead = Den Gamle By, Aarhus. RSW.
BORDA, JEAN CHARLES, CHEVALIER DE France, 1733-99, NIM Reflecting Circles = PMM, PEA-M4082. improved the reflecting circle in 1787; author. Paris. Daumas 1; Brewington 1; Italian Inventory; G.L'E. Turner 24.
BORDER, G. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Sleaford. Goodison 1.
BORDES, LOUIS France, fl.1700-47, MIM inventor or maker. Lyon. Hamilton 2.
BORDESSA AND EATON England, c.1855, PHIM barometer and thermometer makers; see Novati, Bordessa and Eaton. London. Goodison 1.
BORDESSA, PIETRO England, fl.1834-60, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. signed "P. Bordessa Chester"; sometimes found as Peter Bordesa. 33 Bridge Street Row, Chester. Goodison 1.
BORDOGNA Italy, 1780, MIM Instrument, 1780 = X. Milan. Evans 1.
BORDOGNA, ANTONIO Italy, c.1810, MIM made meteorological and magnetic instruments; compasses and astronomical instruments. Milan. Brenni 1.
BORDOLI AND CASSAROTI England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Stamford. Goodison 1.
BORDOLI, BERNARD England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Marlborough. Goodison 1.
BORDOLI, P. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. 22 Charles Street, Hatton Garden, London. Goodison 1.
BOREL, PIERRE France, 1620-89, OIM made a telescope for l'observatoire de Paris in 1673; member of l'Académie Royal des Sciences, 1674. Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet.
BORELLI 1 Italy, 1608-79, OIM pupil of Galileo; made 40' and 60' telescopes. Dewhirst.
BORELLI 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 5/18/89. RSW.
BORELLI, D. England, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie-SK 11/21/95; Thermometers = Christie-SK 11/21/95. thermometers signed "Borelli Farnham." Farnham. RSW.
BORELLI, G. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
BORG, ERIC fl.1737-67, MIM globe maker. RSW.
BORGER France, 1753, NIM compass maker. Paris. Schück.
BORGER, IVER JENSEN Denmark, fl.1755-99, MIM NIM Compasses = P.C., PEA, ADL-N50; Hanging Compasses = CRT, Soth. 11/16/87; Compass Sundial = Ineichen 10/20/75; Compass Rose, paper = GMM. compass card is one of four in a crown compass at PEA, see also Benjamin Brown. Copenhagen. Brewington 1; RSW.
BORINI England, c.1810, PHIM Wheel Barometer = D.(1965). Birmingham. RSW.
BORINI, P. 1 England, 19th Century, PHIM Wheel Barometers = Soth. 7/16/76, X(3); Stick Barometer = X. the stick and two wheels signed "P.Borini." Bull Street, Birmingham. Goodison 1; RSW.
BORINI, P. 2 England, c.1818, PHIM made barometers and thermometers; see Peter Borini and Co. Snowhill, Birmingham. Goodison 1; Bryden 9.
BORINI, PETER, AND CO. England, c.1808, OIM PHIM opticians. 14 Edgbaston Street, Birmingham. Goodison 1; Bryden 9.
BORIUS Holland?, pre-1794, OIM telescope mentioned in catalogue of 1794. Rooseboom 1.
BORLACE, J. 1724, MIM Universal Ring Sundial, silver, 1724 = P.C.(1983). RSW.
BORNER, JOHAN HENRICH Germany, 1693, MIM Vertical Disc Sundial, 1693 = KEN-1938/337. Johan Henrich Börner; has perpetual calendar. Zinner 1; RSW.
BORNIER misreading for Bernier. RSW.
BORRELLI, J. England, c.1830, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 10/16/86. Basingstoke. RSW.
BORRIUS see Borius. Rooseboom 1.
BORROMEI, JULES 1775, MIM Plotting Protractor, 1775 = ADL-M98. instrument invented by Robequi. Daumas 1; Michel 3; Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
BORSARI, BONIFACIO Italy, 1760, MIM Armillary Sphere, 1760 = Modena Museum? Modena. Michel 3.
BOS, JOHANNES Belgium, fl.1591-1623, MIM Astrolabe, 1597 = ADL-M33A; Calculating Device, 1623 = Soth. 3/11/52. son of Jacob Bos, cartographer; he made several astrolabes dated between 1591-97; some are dated "Marti 24 1597"; these last seem to be copies, in a smaller size, of ADL-M33A, including HAR, WHI, etc. Antwerp; Rome. Engelmann 1; Maddison; Price 1 and 5; Zinner 1; Michel 3; Rooseboom 1; Gunther 1; Hollands Glorie; ADL; RSW.
BOS, SALOMON EN JAN Holland, c.1799, NIM Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2; Rooseboom 1.
BOSCH, ANDREAS see Andreas Busch. Zinner 1; Baillie 1.
BOSCH, D. VAN DER Holland, fl.1821-50, MIM Rule = AMST; Parallel Rules, 1821 = RIJ. Rotterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 1 and 2.
BOSCH, S. see P. Odenkirchen.
BOSE, GEORG MATTHIAS Germany, c.1743, improved the electrical machine. A.J. Turner 10.
BOSIUS, IOANNES see Johannes Bos. Michel 3.
BOSSAGE, NICOLAS France?, c.1790, PHIM Thermometers, mercury = GEM (2). de Saussure Coll. A.J. Turner 10.
BOSSI, L. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Hastings. Goodison 1.
BOSSI, P. England, PHIM WQheel Barometer = X. Rayleigh. Goodison 1.
BOSTOCK, J. England, c.1765, OIM Microscope = D.(1983); Microscope, Watkins-type = D.(1986). London. Coffeen.
BOSWELL, SAMUEL England, fl.1709-57, MIM apprenticed to Thomas Cooke 1 of the Joiners' Company Sept. 9, 1701; free in the Company on May 5, 1709. Spittalfields, London. Crawforth 7.
BOTJES, WILDRIK Holland, 1814-74, MIM Planetariums = X(2), Eisiga's House, Franeker, (1857-58). Nieuwe Pekela. Baillie 1; RSW.
BOTTA, LOUIS England, c.1780, PHIM Wheel Barometers = Soth. 6/6/75, 1975 Sales Cat., X. sometimes Luigi Botta. Evesham and Worcester. Goodison 1; RSW.
BOTTI, GIOVANBATTISTA AND MATTEO Italy, pre-1776, MIM SIM Sundial = FLO-2506; Graphometer = FLO-187. Bonelli 1; Michel 3.
BOTTOMLEY England, c.1850, NIM Sextant = Christie 12/12/72. 11 Billiter Street, London. RSW.
BOTTOMLY, J. USA, MIM Protractor = X. DATM.
BOUCART France, MIM PHIM Cameras Lucida = Soth. 12/2/74, Christie 11/22 78; Horizontal Sundial = Chez Boucart; Cannon Sundial = Cranbrook Institute of Science, Michigan. sundial maker; "Constructeur." Quai de l'horloge 35, Paris. Boursier; USNM; RSW.
BOUCART, MAISON France, MIM Sundial = Maison Boucart. 35 Quai de l'horloge, Paris. Boursier.
BOUCHER ET LESNE France, c.1810, OIM Boucher et Lesné; opticians and lens makers. au Soleil et à la Gerbe d'or, 3 Quai de l'horloge, Paris. Nachet.
BOUDHUINE France?, 19th Century, NIM Reflecting Circle = PMM. RSW.
BOUDRY see François Ducommun-dit-Boudry. RSW.
BOUFFLER, R. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. 17 Leather Lane, Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
BOUFFLER, ROBERT England, c.1839, PHIM made barometers and thermometers. 7 Bell Court, Grays Inn Lane, London. Goodison 1.
BOUGLOUX France, c.1830, PHIM Thermometer = Nouveau Drout 5/20/88. "élève et succ. de Mr. Vincent." Quai Pelletier No. 30, Paris. RSW.
BOUGUER, PIERRE France, 1698-1758, PHIM barometer maker; constructed the first effective photometer. Poggendorff; DSB; Wolf; Middleton 1; A.J. Turner 10.
BOUILLY France, MIM SIM Graphometer, copper = And.-Spitzer-32. Paris. RSW.
BOUJUS see Bovius.
BOULANGER, LOUIS France, fl.1500-50, MIM Globe, 1514 = X. sometimes spelt Boulenger; astronomer and geographer. Albi. Tooley; Hamilton 2; Price 2; Gunther 2.
BOULBY, GEORGE England?, 1813, MIM Polyhedral Sundial, 1813 = X. RSW.
BOULTER, BENJAMIN England, c.1776, apprenticed to Michael Dancer in the Joiners' Company on Oct. 1, 1776. Crawforth 7.
BOULTER, JAMES USA?, c.1850, MIM made mathematical drawing instruments. USNM.
BOULTON, THOMAS England, c.1645, apprenticed to John Brown 6 in the Joiners' Company, 1645. Crawforth 7.
BOUQUET ET GEORGES OBERHAUSER France, c.1830, OIM Microscope = NAC. Trécourt was also involved with this microscope. Paris. Nachet.
BOUR France, post-1817, MIM Orrery = VNN. invented by Ch. Rouy, 1817, Paris. Paris. RSW.
BOURBON ET ASSIER-PERRICAT France, c.1771, PHIM Thermometer = CNAM; Barometer = CNAM. André Bourbon and Antoine Assier-Perricat. Paris. Daumas 1.
BOURBON, ANDRE France, fl.1751-71, PHIM Barometers = Lehmann Sale-31, Academy of Sciences, Paris, 1751; Thermometers = COR, Academy of Sciences, Paris, 1752. André Bourbon; took Antoine Assier-Perricat as partner, c. 1771. Paris. Daumas 1; RSW.
BOURBON, M. LANGE DE see Lange de Bourbon, M. Hamilton 2.
BOURBON, MICHAEL France, fl.1735-53, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial, 1735 = MERC-45 = OXFB-209; Sundial, silver, 1753 = Soth. 5/10/54-134. 1753 dial may be Butterfield-type. Paris. Maddison 5; Michel 3; Hamilton 1; F.J.B. Watson; RSW.
BOURDIN see Bourdon. Weschler 5/22/76.
BOURDON, EUGENE France, 1808-84, PHIM Aneroid Barometer in clock base = Weschler 5/22/76. Eugène Bourdon; invented the aneroid barometer, 1849. 74 Faubourg du Temple, Paris. G.L'E. Turner 24; Middleton 1; DSB; RSW.
BOURET, VDA DE CH. France, c.1850, MIM label on Spanish terrestrial globe. Paris. Moskowitz 104.
BOURETTE, E.H. France, fl.1841-62, PHIM made thermometers. rue Saint-Maur, 131, Paris. USNM.
BOURGAUD France, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial = USNM (1964). Nantes. USNM.
BOURGEOIS, JACQUES France, c.1645, OIM made mirrors and lenses. rue Saint-Denis, près Saint-Jacques, Paris. Nachet.
BOURGOIS France, PHIM Altimeter Barometer = Phillips 2/2/84. 27 Rue des Pyramides, Paris. RSW.
BOURIOT, L'ABBE, DE L'ETANG France, fl.1765-70, OIM L'Abbé Bouriot de l'Etang; amateur; made achromatic lens. Daumas 1.
BOURN England, c.1839, PHIM made barometers. 40 Bull Street, Birmingham. Goodison 1.
BOURNE AND SON England, fl.1799-1802, MIM Thomas Bourne 1 and 2. London. Crawforth 7.
BOURNE, JOSHUA England, fl.1744-67, MIM apprenticed to John Urings 1 in the Joiners' Company on April 4, 1731; free in the Company, Oct. 2, 1744; took apprentices. Goodmans' Fields, London. Crawforth 7.
BOURNE, THOMAS 1 England, fl.1767-1821, MIM apprenticed to Joshua Bourne in the Joiners' Company on June 3, 1755; free in the Company, May 5, 1767; listed as Bourne and Son, 1799-1802; may have taken apprentices. Bethnal Green Road (1803-09); Hog Row, Bethnal Green Road (1821-38); both in London. Crawforth 7.
BOURNE, THOMAS 2 England, fl.1801-03, MIM younger son of Thomas Bourne 1; free in the Joiners' Company by Patrimony on March 3, 1801, on the report of William Williams 3 and Michael Dancer; the apprentices listed to him might have been his father's. Crawforth 7.
BOURNE, WILLIAM England, fl.1565-88, designed nautical instruments; wrote in 1574 a description of the log line. Gravesend. Taylor 1(38); Bedini 8; A.J. Turner 10.
BOUTORDO France, 18th Century, PHIM Coin Balance = Soth. 10/3/88. also marked "D.O.R." with anchor. RSW.
BOUTY, EDOUARD France, NIM Borda Circles = D.(1967), Soth. 2/25/86. Paris. USNM; RSW.
BOUVERI England, also spelled Bouverie; see Francis Boveri. Goodison 1.
BOVERI, FRANCIS England, fl.1830-41, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. also made thermometers. 9 Eyre Street Hill, London. Goodison 1.
BOVIUS, FRANC. XAVER JOSEF Germanyfl.1711-19, MIM SIM Sundials, stone = AUG (1711), KEN-1880-33 (1712), GRA-7655 (1715), EIS (1716), SOL (1716), MUN (1718), FRA (1718), ADL-M286 (1719); Surveying Instrument = MOS. "Franc. Xaveri Josephus Bovius SS can. exam. et approb. Presbyter Eystettensis invent fecit"; see F.B.P. Eichstatt. Zinner 1; Michel 3; Evans 1; Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
BOVOLENTA, ANTO FABRIS Italy, MIM SIM Quadrant = Christie 2/8/66-6; Alidade for plane table = ADL-M134; Rule = P.C. Fabris probably means maker; ADL is signed "Fabris Bovolenta." Engelmann 1; Michel 3; ADL; RSW.
BOWDITCH, NATHANIEL USA, 1773-1838, MIM Horary Quadrant, Aug. 20, 1792 = PEA-M9819. author of "American Navigator." Boston, Mass. Bowditch; Brewington 1; Loring; Taylor 2(689); Burstyn; Bedini 8; DSB.
BOWE, JOHN England, c.1699, apprenticed to Thomas Cooke 2 of the Joiners' Company in 1699. Crawforth 7.
BOWEN, EMANUEL England, fl.1720-67, MIM Planisphere = Soth. 10/17/60-148. geographer to George II, 1748-60. Taylor 2(153).
BOWEN, RICHARD England, c.1678, MIM apprenticed to Joseph Wells of the Clockmakers' Company; free of the Company on Dec. 2, 1678. J. Brown 3.
BOWEN, THOMAS England, c.1830, OIM 27 Market Place, Manchester. Taylor 2(1785).
BOWER England, PHIM Stick Barometer = D.(1976). "Model Barometer". St. Neats. RSW.
BOWERMAN, R. England?, c.1770, MIM Gunter's Rule. signature stamped, may be owner, though another name is carved on the rule. Coffeen 55.
BOWERS, JOHN England, c.1761, apprenticed to John Farmer 2 in the Joiners' Company on June 30, 1761. Crawforth 7.
BOWLES, DANIEL England, c.1767, apprenticed to John Atkinson 2 of the Grocers' Company on March 6, 1764; turned over to Richard Rust of the Company on March 26, 1767. J. Brown 1.
BOWLES, J.S. England, c.1830, MIM Quadrant Sundial, slate. 1830 = South Wilts. and Blackmore Museum, Salisbury. Stevens and Aked.
BOWLES, THOMAS SALTER USA, b.c.1765-1821, MIM NIM SIM Surveyor's Compasses, wood = Bedini Coll., D.(pre-1967), P.C., Streeter Coll., Yale University / Bennington Museum, Vermont; Compass Card from surveying compass = Dartmouth College Museum, Hanover, New Hamp. some compass cards engraved by Joseph Callender. Portsmouth, New Hampshire. Bedini 1 and 8; Smart 1; Price 2; USNM; D.J. Warner 10 and 12; DATM; RSW.
BOWLEY, WILLIAM England, fl.1809-16, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X. barometers signed "Bowley Salop"; also made thermometers; T.C. in FIT (WHI). Wyle Cop, Shrewsbury. Goodison 1.
BOWMAN, EDMUND USA?, 1785, MIM Sundial, 1785 = Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. USNM.
BOWMAN, ROBERT Scotland, c.1802, OIM Calton Hill Observatory, Edinburgh. Bryden 3.
BOWSKILL England, NIM Marine Compass = Versailles 11/20/83. London. RSW.
BOWYER, WILLIAM England, 1630, MIM Garden Sundial, copper, 1630 = Essex Institute, Salem, Mass. clockmaker. London. RSW.
BOXER, J. England, 19th Century, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Phillips 2/2/84. "warranted." Folkestone. RSW.
BOY DE MORNAS, CLAUDE France, fl.1761-68 d.1783, MIM Celestial Globe = HAY. Paris; Lyon. Yonge.
BOYER France, c.1800, MIM Mechanical Equatorial Sundial = Appay, Cannes 5/14/88. Amiens. RSW.
BOYER, J.H. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
BOYLE, ROBERT England, 1627-91, scientist; invented the hydrometer and named it; developed an air pump at Oxford with Robert Hooke. Oxford; London. G.L'E. Turner 20; Middleton 1; USNM; DNB; DSB.
BOYLING, CHRISTIAN Germany, fl.1669-77, MIM SIM Circumferentor, 1669 = GRA-7678; Artillery Levels = ROU-217 = Rosenheim-319 = ADL-M206 (1675), OXF (1677), Auction Sale, 1903 (1671); Augsburg-type Sundial, 1676 = NOR; Perpetual Calendars = Marouf III 3/27/71 (on base of sand-box), TIM = Christie 4/14/88 (on top of silver pill box, 1677). the "y" in Boyling has an umlaut over it; "Mechanicus"; silver pill box has hall-mark for 1677. Dresden. Zinner 1; Michel 3; Engelmann 1; ADL; Evans 1; A.J. Turner 10; RSW.
BOYNTON, G.W. England?, OIM Telescope = D.(1978). RSW.
BR---- England, NIM Octant = Pannett Park Museum, Whitby. ivory scale signed "SBR", for Spencer, Browning and Rust. Bristol. RSW.
BRABY England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Tunbridge Wells. Goodison 1.
BRACEGIRDLE England, PHIM Barometer with feet = X. London. Goodison 1.
BRACHER, GEORGE England, fl.1826-38, MIM OIM PHIM Telescopes = PEA, D.(1976), Dukes County Historical Society, Edgartown, Mass., Whalers' Village Museum, Lahine, Maui. made telescopes for E.A. Kutz (1), New York, City; Taylor dated him a century earlier; telescopes signed "G. Bracher." 19 King Street, Commercial Road, London. Taylor 2(1496); O'Mara; Brewington 1; RSW.
BRACHER, H. England, c.1820, OIM Telescope, refracting = Soth. 10/19/87. London. RSW.
BRACHET Germany, MIM Universal Sundial, folding gnomon = P.B. 1/22/54-28. Hannover. RSW.
BRADBURN England, c.1840, MIM Gunter Rule, boxwood = D.(1975). Birmingham. Moskowitz 110.
BRADBURY, A. England, c.1822, MIM 28 Hollis Street, Cavendish Square, London. O'Mara.
BRADDERLEY England, 1760, MIM SIM Theodolite, 1760 = X. Taylor thinks may be same as J. Baddely. Daumas 1; Taylor 2(578).
BRADEL, JOSEPH Germany, see Joseph Bradl. RSW.
BRADFIELD, WILLIAM HENRY England, fl.1838-46, OIM 30 Royal Street, Lambeth, London. Taylor 2(2085).
BRADFORD England, c.1820, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Octant = Bowes Museum; Hadley Quadrant = OMM; Inclinable Sundials = Soth. 3/10/87, Gilbert 8/27/76, NOR; Telescopes = Soth. 3/12/62, D.(1982); Sextants = PEA, D.(1972), Historical Society of Delaware; Circumferentor = D.(1975); Marine Barometer = Phillips 10/26/83. could be George, Isaac or John Bradford 2; all worked at same address; octant was given as a prize in 1863. 99 Minories; 136 Minories; both in London. Taylor 2(929 and 929a); Brewington 1; Moskowitz 108; Coffeen B; USNM; RSW.
BRADFORD AND SON England, c.1825, NIM Octant = D.(1987). 136 Minories, London. Coffeen 15.
BRADFORD, GEORGE England, fl.1817-46, MIM NIM OIM Hadley Quadrants, ebony = NMM, PEA; Sextants = PEA, Victory Museum, Portsmouth; Telescopes = PEA, P.C., HAM, Honfleur 6/17/79; Compass = AMST; Circumferentor = WHI. uncle of John Omer; T.C. 99 Minories (1817-36); near Tower Hill (1843); both in London. Taylor 2(1284); Brewington 1; Soth. 7/7/78; Mörzer Bruyns 1; Moskowitz 108; Calvert 2; Crawforth 1; J.A. Bennett 2; RSW.
BRADFORD, I., AND SON England, OIM Telescope = DeLuca 8/1/87. London. RSW.
BRADFORD, ISAAC England, fl.1795-1822, MIM NIM Mariner's Compass = Christie-SK 10 23/87. T.C.; worked with his brother, John Bradford 2; see Isaac Bradford and Co.; see Isaac and John Bradford (2). Wapping Old Stairs; 136 Minories; both in London. Taylor 2(929); Collins 1; RSW.
BRADFORD, ISAAC AND JOHN England, fl.1795-1822, MIM NIM Isaac Bradford and his brother, John Bradford 2. 87 Bell Dock, Wapping (1795-1800); 69 Bell Dock, Wapping (1805-15); 136 Minories; all in London. Taylor 2(929, 929a).
BRADFORD, ISAAC, AND CO. England, NIM Octant, ebony = TIM (1987). 136 Minories, London. RSW.
BRADFORD, JOHN 1 England, fl.1654-56, MIM Taylor 1(261); Dewhirst; Evans 1; Clay and Court; Daumas 1.
BRADFORD, JOHN 2 England, fl.1795-1822, MIM NIM worked with his brother, Isaac Bradford, 1817-22. London. Taylor 2(929a); Coffeen B.
BRADL, JOSEPH Germany, fl.1756-70, MIM Augsburg-type Sundial = AUG. Oberhausen. RSW .
BRADLEE, J. see John Bradley. RSW.
BRADLEY, JAMES 1 England, 1693-1762, Astronomer Royal, 1742-62; F.R.S.in 1719; made a clock-driven telescope with his uncle, James Pound in 1719; discovered the aberration of light, 1728, etc. London. Taylor 1(470)and 2(16); DNB; DSB; Dewhirst; Bedini 8.
BRADLEY, JAMES 2 England, c.1786, MIM member of the Feltmakers' Company; took over Rowland Tiddler as an apprentice from William Morris of the Grocers' Company on Sept. 12, 1786; Tiddler became a MIM in the Grocers' Company. J. Brown 1.
BRADLEY, JOHN England; Russia, fl.1710-16, MIM Analemmatic Sundial = MLL; Universal Ring Sundial = GEL. apprenticed to John Worgan of the Grocers' Company in 1697; turned over to Jonathan Roberts, Embroiderer; free of the Grocers' Company in 1704. Navigation School, Moscow; Naval Academy, St. Petersburg (1715). Taylor 2(17); Chenekal; J. Brown 1.
BRADSHAW, J. England, Water Clock, 1690 = Neumarkt 10/8/71. surely a modern object. RSW.
BRAGAZZI, A. AND J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. see Bregazzi. Ashburn. Goodison 1.
BRAGONZI, P. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
BRAHAM BROS. England, MIM Protractor and Parallel Rule = Christie-SK 3/31/83. Bath. RSW.
BRAHAM, JAMES England, c.1850, MIM PHIM Compass and Thermometer on column = Soth.-Chester 6/9/83; Wheel Barometer = X; Stick Barometer = D.(1973). thermometer gives full name and address; wheel barometer signed "Braham Torquay"; "Clockmaker to the Duchess of Clarence." 8 The Strand, Torquay. Goodison 1; RSW.
BRAHAM, JOHN England, 1797-1856, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Microscope = Wellcome Institute; Plotting Rule = OXF; Instrument = KEN; Telescope with stand = P.C.; Stick Barometers = X(2); Wheel Barometers = X(2), Christie-SK 10/20/89; Theodolite = D.(1979); Telescope, refracting = Soth. 3/10/87. P.C. telescope, rule and one wheel barometer signed "Braham Bristol"; other telescope signed "Braham Bath"; one stick barometer signed "Braham Bath and Bristol." 42 College Green, Bristol (1830); 8 Pulteney Bridge, Bath (1833); 10 St. Augustines Parade, Bristol (1833-42); 5 York Buildings, Bath (1837); 17 St. Augustines Parade, Bristol (1851-56). Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1788); O'Mara; Bryden 9; RSW; Moskowitz 119; G.L'E. Turner 24.
BRAHE, TYCHO Denmark; Czechoslovakia, 1546-1601, Pin Gnomon Sundial, 1578 = DEU. astronomer; author; teacher; designer of many important large instruments that he used in his observatories on Hven and in Prague. Hven; Prague. Brahe; Dreyer; Michel 3; Repsold; Raeder and Strömgren; Maddison; Grimaldi; Tooley; Price 2; DSB; A.J. Turner 10.
BRAMAN, J. England, pre-1867, MIM Instrument = Royal Institution. invented and made by J. Braman; belonged to Faraday. London. RSW.
BRAMBANA AND CO. England, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 3/7/75. see P. Brambano. RSW.
BRAMBANO, P. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. see Brambana and Co. Evesham. Goodison 1.
BRAMEN, THOMAS Holland, c.1675, MIM planetarium mentioned in 1765 collection catalogue. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1.
BRAMER, BENJAMIN Holland; Germany; Czech., 1588-1652, brother-in-law and student of Jost Bürgi; author; architect to the Prince Elector in Marburg; may have been the father of Willem Bramer, according to Rooseboom; made improvements to some surveying instruments. Kassel (1591-1604); Prague (1604-09); Kassel (1609-12); Marburg (1612-30); Kassel (1630-34); Ziegenhain (1635-52). Zinner 1; Michel 3; DSB; Rooseboom 1.
BRAMER, PAULUS Holland, 18th Century, MIM Cube Sundials = Spitzer-2852, Ken-93. may be one sundial. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1; Zinner 1; Michel 3.
BRAMER, WILLEM Holland, fl.1686-1734, MIM clockmaker; Rooseboom thought that he might be son of Benjamin Bramer. Zwolle. Rooseboom 1.
BRANCHLE, T. Germany, I. Brauchle?. Munich. Evans 1.
BRAND FRERES Belgium, c.1800, MIM SIM Augsburg-type Sundial, case = D.(1972); Graphometer = Soth. 3/10/87. Brand Frères; "Opticiens du Roi." Brussels. Moskowitz 104; RSW.
BRAND, G. 1 see Gerardus Brand.
BRAND, G. 2 see Georg Brand.
BRAND, GEORG Germany, 18th Century, MIM Ring Sundial = OXFB-34; Equatorial Sundial = OXFB-101. Zinner thought he might be Gerardus Brand. Augsburg. Zinner 1; Josten.
BRAND, GERARDUS Holland, 1594-1659, MIM Diptych Sundials = NOR, LIN, MOS (1653); Sundial, pocket = Maritime Museum, Groningen; Equatorial Sundial = OXF; Hour Scale from Compass Sundial = NOR; Sundial, oval, in ivory box = MERC = McVitty Coll. = P.B. 1/22/54-53. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1; Zinner 1; Hamilton 1 & 2; RSW.
BRAND, J. Holland, see Gerardus Brand. Hamilton 1 and 2.
BRANDEGGER Germany, c.1800, MIM NIM Measuring Instrument = Stuker 11/22/66; Sextants = BAM, Soth. 6/23/87. Ellwangen. Evans 1; RSW.
BRANDER AND CO. England, c.1760, NIM Compass in gimbals = D.(1971). signed on compass card. 82 Minories, London. Moskowitz 102.
BRANDER UND HOSCHEL Germany, 1774-83, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Alidade, large = AUG; Reflecting Quadrant = ADL-M184; Sextants = OXF, Christie-SK 4/17/86; Theodolite = Soth. 4/22/65-49; Microscope = KEN; Meridian Compasses = D., P.C.; Instrument Set, silver = OXF; Artillery Level = BAM; Meridian Sundial = AMST; Equatorial Sundials = ADL-W228, Harburg Museum, DEU, ZUR; Protractors, full = Christie-SK 4/17/86, Huelsmann Coll. (with vernier); Compass = P.C. (1987). Georg Friedrich Brander and his son-in-law, Christof Kaspar Höschel. Augsburg. Zinner 1; Bobinger 2; Brachner; Wissner; Mörzer Bruyns 1; Engelmann 1; J.A. Bennett 2; Syndram; ADL; RSW.
BRANDER, C.G., AND SON England, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth. 6/1/88. includes an "Improved Sympiesometer." London. RSW.
BRANDER, GEORG FRIEDRICH Germany, 1713-83, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM noted prolific instrument maker; his instruments are found in many museums,the principal collection being at DEU; the quality ranges from magnificent to mediocre. pupil of J.G. Doppelmayer in Nürnberg; invented quite a few new types of instruments, star-finder and mirror dividers, etc.; took his son-in-law, Christof Kasper Höschel, as a partner, 1744-83; one of the microsopes at the DEU is signed "G. F. Brander Ratisb." (Regensburg); most of the instruments however have Augsburg as an address. Regensburg; Augsburg (1734). Zinner 1; Brachner; Wissner; Daumas 1; Maddison 5; Bobinger 2; Michel 3; Price 3; Ward 4; Bonelli 1; Pipping 1; USNM; Nachet; Clay and Court; J.A. Bennett 2; A.J. Turner 10; RSW.
BRANDER, J.F. Germany, misreading for G.F. Brander. NAC.
BRANDIS AND SONS USA, fl.1916-20, NIM Sextants = USNM, ADL-L46b, D.(1990). ADL is on loan from Navy; D. marked "No. 3227", its frame marked "Navy 845." Brooklyn, N.Y. ADL; USNM; RSW.
BRANDIS, F.E., SONS AND CO. USA, fl.1890-1916, NIM Mechanical Navigator = USNM; Wye Level = Gurley Museum, Troy, N.Y. Brooklyn, N.Y. USNM; Smart 1.
BRANDRETH AND WILLDEY England, fl.1711-13, MIM OIM Timothy Brandreth and George Willdey; "late servants to Mr. Yarwell and Mr. Sterrop"; produced maps; T.C. Sign of Archimedes and Globe, Ludgate Street (1711); in Exchange Alley running out of Cornhill (1712); both in London. Taylor 1(498 and 517); Calvert 2; Crawforth 1; Tyacke 1.
BRANDRETH, TIMOTHY England, 1677-1714, MIM OIM apprenticed to John Yarwell and Ralph Sterrop of the Spectaclemakers' Company in 1693; free of the Company, 1701; took apprentices; made instruments, as journeyman, for John Marshall; partner to George Willdey, 1707-13; made maps. Sign of the Archimedes and Globe, near Ludgate (1711); in Exchange Alley running out of Cornhill (1712); both in London. Taylor 1(517); Clay and Court; Evans 1; Tyacke 1; Court and von Rohr 3(69).
BRANDT, G. see Gerardus or Georg Brand. Zinner 1.
BRANHAM, JAMES England, misreading for James Braham. RSW.
BRASELMANN, JOHANN PET. Germany, fl.1776-79, PHIM Money Scales = HAK (1779), DRE, Phillips 4/20/83; Balances = Pharmacy Museum, Cracow, Phillips 2/2/84. Wichlinghausen in Oberbarman. RSW.
BRASHER, G. England, OIM Telescope = MYS. London. RSW.
BRASSI, F. HIERONOMI Italy1591, MIM Azimuth Quadrant, 1591 = POB. also signed "Graecius." Destombes 1.
BRAUCHLE, I. Germany, 18th Century, MIM Universal Ring Sundials = SLM, OXF. OXF is on stand with compass. Munich. Zinner 1; Michel 3; Evans 1.
BRAUCHLER, I. surely I. Brauchle. Evans 1.
BRAUER Germany, 19th Century, MIM Transit = KEN. J.A. Bennett 2.
BRAUN, ANTONIUS Czechoslovakia; Austria, 1685-1728, MIM NIM OIM Sundial, silver and brass, 1716 = OXF; Astrolabe with compass, 1716 = Lanna Coll-1220; Universal Ring Sundial on stand, 1719 = ADL-M313; Ring Sundial, 1720 = Miller Coll.; Parallel Rule, 1722 = Warren Coll. = P.B. 10/9/43-120; Telescope, parchment = DEU-34362; Astronomical Instrument = Auction Sale, 1943; Linear Rule, 1722 = D.(1987). linear rule signed "Invenit et Fecit"; Price and Daumas say the telescope was marked "de Löwenfeld"; developed a multiplying machine. Prague (1720); Vienna (1724). Zinner 1; Culver 1; Habacher; Daumas 1; Engelmann 1; Price 2; A.J. Turner 10; ADL; cOFFEEN 17; RSW.
BRAUND, J. England, c.1690, PHIM Barometer with Thermometer = Soth., Wilkinson and Hodge 2/9/23. London. RSW.
BRAUNHOFFER, MATHIAS Germany, 1759, MIM Circle Measuring Instrument, 1759 = Pressburg Museum. Augsburg. Fischer.
BRAUNMULLER, JOSEF ANTON Germany, 1763-1800, MIM Augsburg-type Sundials = AUG, ZUR. signed "Anton Braunmüller." Augsburg. Zinner 1; Bobinger 2; RSW.
BRAUNSHARDT Germany, OIM Telescope, ivory and brass = DRE (lost). RSW.
BRAY, JOHN England?, c.1820, MIM SIM Surveying Compasses = P.C., D.(1978). Moskowitz 116; RSW.
BREAKS, THOMAS England, 1771, improved the theodolite; author. Moskowitz 104.
BRECAZZI England, misreading for Bregazzi. RSW.
BRECHTE, ROGER France?, 1537, MIM Vertical Sundial with Quadrant and Calendar, 1537 = OXF. Gunther 2; Michel 3.
BRECKNEEL England, c.1850, PHIM Balance = K. and C. 7/13/73. Birmingham. RSW.
BREE, CORNELIS JANSZ. DE Holland, c.1672, NIM marine compass maker; head of the compass makers guild in 1672. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
BREE, WEDUWE CORN. DE Holland, c.1744, NIM compass maker; widow of Corn. de Bree. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2 & 5.
BREED, AARON USA, 1791-1861; fl.1810-60, MIM NIM OIM SIM Surveying Compass, wood = Old Sturbridge Village Museum, Mass.; Surveying Compass, brass = Henry Ford Museum, Dearborn, Mich.; Marine Compass, dry = DeLuca Auction 3/21/81. T.C. at the Sign of the Quadrant, No. 2 Rowe's Wharf, opposite Purchase Street; No. 166 Broad, corner of Purchase Street; No. 143 Broad Street, head of India Wharf; all in Boston, Mass. Bedini 1 and 8; Smart 1; USNM; D.J. Warner; Chaldecott; DATM.
BREEM BURGH, JAN Holland, c.1740?, NIM Compass Card = AMST. marked on the back "Iacob de Iong in Amsterdam"; Jong may be the maker. Edam. Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2.
BREESE, JAS. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-S 10/19/89. Wisbech. RSW.
BREGAZZI 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. probably Samuel Bregazzi, which see. Derby. Goodison 1.
BREGAZZI 2 England, c.1790, PHIM Wheel Barometers = D.(1970), X(2), Phillips, Son and Neall Jan. 1971. probably Innocent or Peter Bregazzi; D. and Phillips barometers signed "Breggazzi". Nottingham. Goodison 1; RSW.
BREGAZZI, INNOCENT England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Dursley. Goodison 1.
BREGAZZI, IT. AND PR. England, fl.1825-34, PHIM made barometers and thermometers; Innocent and Peter Bregazzi, brothers; T.C. High Pavement, Nottingham. Goodison 1.
BREGAZZI, J.P. England, c.1800, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie-SK 10/20/89. Nottingham. RSW.
BREGAZZI, J.P. AND T. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2). probably Innocent and Peter Bregazzi. High Pavement, Nottingham. Goodison 1.
BREGAZZI, PETER England, fl.1825-42, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2). barometers signed "P. Bregazzi"; worked with his brother, Innocent, 1825-34. Bridlesmith Gate, Nottingham (1840-42). Goodison 1.
BREGAZZI, S., AND CO. England, c.1809, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2), Soth. 12/17/87. Willow Row, Derby. Goodison 1; RSW.
BREGAZZI, SAMUEL England, c.1830, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X (2); Barometer, Thermometer and timepiece in Gothic tower = John Harrison, 1830 = Bagshaws of Ashbourne Auction House, July, 1946; Angle Barometer = Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, Pa. wheel barometers signed "S. Bregazzi"; one says "Darby." Queen Street, Derby. Goodison 1.
BREGENS, BENEDICT Germany, 1690, OIM Burning Glass, 1690 = FLO-2545. Dresden. Bonelli 1.
BREGNA see Grassi, Bregna and Origoni. Taylor 2(1869).
BREGUET, ABRAHAM-LOUIS France, 1747-1823, PHIM Thermometers = Christie 7/16/68-173, BM; Pedometer = BM. watchmaker; invented bi-metallic thermometer, 1820. Paris. G.L'E. Turner 24; C. Breguet; Ward 4.
BREGUET, ANTOINE LOUIS France, c.1770, MIM Paris. C. Breguet.
BREGUET, LOUIS-FRANCOIS-CLEMENT France, 1804-83, PHIM Thermometer = FLO-367; Resistor = FLO-494. Louis-François-Clement Breguet; grandson of Abraham-Louis Breguet. Paris. Bonelli 1; C. Breguet; DSB.
BREHMER, E.F. Sweden, c.1855, MIM Kammakargatan 62; Normalmsgaten 20; both in Stockholm. Pipping 1.
BREITHAUPT, CARL WILHELM Germany, c.1790, MIM son of Johann Christian Breithaupt; brother of Friedrich Wilhelm Breithaupt; made astronomical instruments. Kassel. J.A. Bennett 2; von Mackenson 3.
BREITHAUPT, F.W., UND SOHNE Germany, c.1850, MIM NIM PHIM SIM Theodolites = DRE, Clock Museum, Warsaw, Christie 12/12/72; Meter = P.C.(1973); Compass = DRE. also made balances; they were in the 1851 Great Exhibition in London. Kassel, Hesse, Prussia. G.L'E. Turner 24; J.A. Bennett 2; RSW; von Mackenson 3.
BREITHAUPT, FREDRICK WILLIAM Germany, 1780-1855, MIM Artillery Level = Christie 4/9/75; Mining Compass = P.C.; Sundial, watch-type = USNM. succeeded his father, J.C. Breithaupt. Kassel. Zinner 1; Daumas 1; J.A. Bennett 2; RSW; von Mackenson.
BREITHAUPT, JOHAN CHRISTIAN Germany, 1736-99, MIM OIM Ruling Engine = KAS; Mural Quadrant = KAS; Semi-Circles = KAS (2). succeeded by his son, Fredrick William Breithaupt. Kassel. Zinner 1; Kirchvogel; Daumas 1; J.A. Bennett 2; von Mackenson 3.
BREITINGER Switzerland, PHIM Stick Barometer = DEU. Zurich. Middleton 1.
BREMER, GABRIEL Sweden, fl.1770-90, OIM apprenticed to Henrik Holmbom. Stockholm. Pipping 1.
BRENNER see Bener. Zinner 1.
BRENNER AND SIBE Denmark, fl.1556-1600, MIM Astronomical Clock = ROS. Copenhagen. Baillie 1.
BRENNER, STEFFEN Denmark, fl.1556-1602, MIM Astrolabe Clock, 1588 = Tihloror Museum, Lubeck. see Brenner and Sibe. Copenhagen. Baillie 1; Maurice 1.
BRENTA, DOMINICUS Italy; Holland, fl.1760-85, PHIM Barometer = P.C. also made mirrors. Varenna (-1760); Holland. USNM.
BRENTA, JOSEPH Holland, PHIM Stick Barometer = Christie 4/28/82. Amsterdam. RSW.
BRENTEL, GEORG Germany, fl.1573-1619, MIM Chalice Sundial, paper, 1608 = CRT. also designed various types of sundials; Price thought Brentel was from Nürnberg. Lauingen. Zinner 1; Price 2.
BRESTBARTA, C. England, c.1830, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth., 6/6/96. Northampton. RSW.
BRETON France, c.1850, PHIM Thermometer = Versailles 11/20/83. RSW.
BRETON FRERES France, c.1840, MIM OIM PHIM Model of Rack and Pinion = Soth. 11/21/74; Solar Microscope = A-P 3/15/76; Model Jack = OXF; Equatorial Sundial = Gersaint 7/20/96. Breton Frères. Rue Dauphine 23 (25), Paris. G.L'E. Turner 24; USNM; RSW.
BREWING misreading for Browning. Peron et Corsy, Melun 6/10/79.
BREWSTER, DAVID Scotland1781-1868, scientist; invented the kaleidoscope; held various patents including a micrometer telescope with William Harris 1, c.1809; F.R.S. in 1815; author. Edinburgh. Taylor 2(1088); Dewhirst; G.L'E. Turner 24; DNB; DSB; Wynter 1; Morrison-Low 4; RSW.
BREZI see Brzezi.
BRIANT, G. England, c.1703, bookseller with R. Billing; may have been instrument makers. King's Head, Cornhill, London. Taylor 1(536).
BRICKHEAD see Birkhead. J. Brown 3.
BRICKHILL, JAMES England, c.1688, MIM apprenticed, by turnover, to Robert Jole of the Clockmakers' Company, for eight years, on Oct. 5, 1668. J. Brown 3.
BRIDGER, RICHARD England, fl.1707-17, MIM PHIM apprenticed to Francis Hauksbee 1; carried on the business for Hauksbee's widow; see Vream and Bridger. Upper end of Hind Court, Fleet Street, London. Goodison 1; Taylor 1(551) and 2(18); Evans 1.
BRIDGES, HENRY England, fl.1730-41, MIM Astronomical Clock, monumental = X. Waltham Abbey. Baillie 1.
BRIDGES, THOMAS Englandc.1761, MIM apprenticed to Christopher Jacobs; ran away before 7/20/1761. Wolverhampton. Bryden 9.
BRIEF, FRANCIS England?, 1575?, MIM Polyhedral Sundial = ADL-M318. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
BRIERE France, 1789, MIM Sectors = Wray Sale, VCW, NYC-156-27-349; Square = D.(1964); Set of Drafting Instruments, silver, 1789 = P.C.; Graphometer = KEN. Brière; the drafting set is signed on the protractor. Paris. Industrial Museum of New York Cat.; Bedini 8; RSW.
BRIGGS see Lewis and Briggs. Taylor 2(623).
BRIGGS, FRANCIS England, c.1718, MIM apprenticed to William Bennett of the Clockmakers' Company on May 5, 1718. J. Brown 3.
BRIGGS, JAMES England, c.1804, apprenticed to Ebenezer Hoppé in the Joiners' Company on Jan. 10, 1804. Crawforth 7.
BRIGGS, MATTHEW England, c.1785, MIM apprenticed to Edward Roberts 1 in the Joiners' Company on June 7, 1785; made excise insruments. London. Crawforth 7.
BRIGGS, WILLIAM England, c.1819, MIM globe maker; worked for Thomas Marriott Bardin in 1819. London. Millburn 11.
BRIGHTLY, CHARLES H. USA, 1816-97, MIM SIM Wye Level = Gurley Museum, Troy, N.Y. partner with Charles S. Heller in Heller and Brightly, 1870-89; initial is H. or S. Philadelphia, Pa. USNM; Smart 1.
BRIGUET Germany, c.1800, MIM Quadrant with equation of time, silver = Evans Coll. Paris. Evans 1.
BRIN, N. Germany, 17th Century, MIM Universal Ring Sundial = O-P-6. Nürnberg. Monreal.
BRIND, WILLIAM England, PHIM T.C.; "from Mr, Reed's." at the Hand and Scales in Carey Lane in Foster Lane, Cheapside, London. Calvert 2.
BRINK, VAN DEN Holland, c.1830, see Krap and van den Brink. Rotterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 1.
BRINKMAN, C., AND D.B. SELTER Holland, c.1860, MIM NIM makers and repairers of instruments; T.C. in octant box at BRE. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2; RSW.
BRINKMAN, J.G. Germany, 18th Century, OIM Microscope = UTR. Bremen. Daumas 1.
BRIOT, I.F. France, 19th Century, MIM Floating Sundial, paper = ADL-N10. manuscript. ADL; RSW.
BRIOYS, JEAN 1644, MIM SIM Circumferentor, 1644 = DOR. RSW.
BRISCALL England, PHIM Barometer = D.(1972). Birmingham. John Bell.
BRISSYEUS, STEPHEN France, pre-1690, MIM OIM mentioned by Bonanni in 1690 as an instrument maker. Grenoble. Dewhirst; Clay and Court.
BRISTOW, JOHN England, fl.1775-95, MIM engine-maker (instruments). 47 Ratcliff Highway; 12 Mansion House Street; both in London. Taylor 2(691).
BRISTOW, MARGARET AND JAMES England, c.1820, MIM probably daughter and son of John Bristow; T.C. Taylor 2(691).
BRISTOW, MARY England, fl.1796-1805, MIM widow of John Bristow; presumably mother of Margaret and James Bristow. London.. Taylor 2(691).
BRISTOW, MARY, AND SONS England, c.1805, MIM widow and sons of John Bristow. London. Taylor 2(691).
BRIT, WALTER England, 1395, MIM Horary Quadrant, 1395 = OXF? Gunther 2.
BRITTON, W. England, c.1840, OIM Goring Aplanatic Engiscope = Crisp Coll. Taylor 2(2087); Clay and Court.
BROADBELT, MICHAEL England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Knaresborough. Goodison 1.
BROADHURST, CLARKSON AND CO. England, c.1850, OIM Telescope, refracting = Soth. 6/23/87. 63 Farringdon Road, London. RSW.
BROCI England, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 10/19/87. RSW.
BROCK, B. England, c.1753, OIM Solar Microscope = X. see G. Brock. London. Taylor 2(443).
BROCK, G. England, c.1775, OIM Solar Microscope = X. may be same as B. Brock. London. Clay and Court.
BROCOT Germany?, PHIM Barometer on clock = Keglemann Auctionhaus 6/8/74. RSW.
BRODARD France, c.1800, PHIM made barometers. Paris. Daumas 1.
BRODERICK, WILLIAM Ireland, c.1824, PHIM Barometer and Thermometer on clock = Armagh County Museum, The Mall. Dublin. Stevens and Aked; G. Fennel; Morrison-Low and Burnett.
BRODSORG, S. see S.B. 1. Gunther 1.
BROEDE, H. Holland, c.1742, NIM compass maker. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
BROEN, JOANNES DE c.1650, MIM Celestial and Terrestrial Globes = Lehmann Sale-307. only one is signed. RSW.
BROGGI, GILLANDO England, fl.1826-28, PHIM Wheel Barometers = P.B. 5/31/39, X(6), Soth. 5/14/87 = 10/22/87; Stick Barometer = X. stick barometer signed "Broggi Chelmsford"; some wheel barometers are signed "G. Broggi", two are signed "G. Broggi Chelmsford", one is "G. Brogi", others, "G. Broggio." Maulsham, Chelmsford. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1789); RSW.
BROGGIO, G. see Gillando Broggi. RSW.
BROGI, G. see Gillando Broggi. RSW.
BROKAW, ISAAC USA, c.1771, MIM may have been instrument maker; son-in-law of Aaron Miller. Philadelphia Pa.; New Jersey? Bedini 1; USNM.
BROMAN, ANDERS Sweden, c.1816, PHIM Electrical Machine = SWE. Pipping 1.
BROME see Broom. Taylor 1(368).
BRONLUND, R.J. Sweden?, c.1850, NIM Marine Compass = OMM. Porsgrunn. RSW.
BRONNE, JOHN T.C.; misreading for John Browne (3). Pearsall.
BROOK, ABRAHAM England, c.1789, PHIM Barometer with Thermometer - USNM. devised an electrometer; barometer and thermometer signed "Brook Norwich." Norwich. USNM; Schuman Cat. XXIII, 1970.
BROOKE England, MIM Dividers, iron = Soth. 10/15/73. Sheffield. RSW.
BROOKE, CHRISTOPHER see Christopher Brookes. Taylor 1(230); J. Brown 1.
BROOKE, JACOBUS England, 1698, MIM Sundial, rectangular, 1698 = Soth. 2/5/53 = P.C. (1990). RSW.
BROOKES AND HAWKES England, NIM Binnacle Compass = Christie-SK 2/9/79. Birmingham. RSW.
BROOKES, CHRISTOPHER England, fl.1649-51, MIM apprenticed to Elias Allen of the Grocers' Company in 1629; free of the Company, 1639; married to the daughter of William Oughtred; worked in metal; designed and made quadrants and planispheres; the name sometimes appears as Brooks. Oxford. Taylor 1(230); J. Brown 1.
BROOKES, THOMAS England, 1695, MIM Gunner's Calipers = D.(1994). might be owner? Coffeen X (1994).
BROOKS England, c.1850, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Microscope = Christie 5/26/76; Wheel Barometer = Soth. 7/21/83; Augsburg-type Sundial = Soth. 3/10/87; Drum Sextant = Kelton Coll. (1990). Ludgate Street, London. RSW.
BROOKSBY, THOMAS England, PHIM free of the Blacksmiths' Company 24 years after he was apprenticed; scalemaker. Crawforth 7.
BROOM England, c.1674, OIM glass grinder for Robert Hooke. St. Paul's Churchyard, London. Taylor 1(368).
BROSONI, M. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Brighton. Goodison 1.
BROSSET FRERES France, c.1855, MIM OIM SIM Surveying Compass = Peron et Corsy, Melun 6/10/79; Telescopic Level = D.(1975). "Brosset Frères." 22 Puedes Fianes-Bourgeois, Paris. J.A. Bennett 2; RSW.
BROUGHTON, WILLIAM England, 1679, MIM Nocturnal, fruitwood, 1679 = Soth. 2/2/76. "for both Bears." RSW.
BROURBER, ALEXANDER see Alexander Brourbrer. Michel 3.
BROURBRER, ALEXANDER MIM Universal Ring Sundial, small = Roussel Sale-234. Michel 3; RSW.
BROUSSON, MARC HENR Germany, MIM Pedometer = Evans Coll. = OXF? accent mark over `n' in Henr. Neirwied. Evans 1.
BROUWER, REINIER Holland, c.1708, NIM Marine Compass = WMH. Hoorn. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
BROWGI, GILLANDO see Gillando Broggi. Goodison 1.
BROWN 1 England, 1792-96, NIM OIM Octant, 1792 = RSM; Hadley Quadrant, 1796 = MYS. Bristol. Bryden 9; RSW.
BROWN 2 England, c.1799, OIM made telescopes. Taylor 2(930); Daumas 1.
BROWN 3 England, c.1850, OIM Microscope = D.(1980). signed "Brown London", but might be of French origin. London. Moskowitz 121.
BROWN 4 see Browne.
BROWN AND CHALMERS Scotland, fl.1838-42, NIM George B. Brown or H. Brown and James S. Chalmers. 37 Bridge Street (1838-40); 48 Bridge Street (1841-42); both in Leith. Bryden 3.
BROWN AND HEARTTE USA, fl.1830-31, MIM NIM OIM SIM Surveying Compass = GUR. John G. Brown and Isaac T. Heartte; T.C. at the Sign of the Quadrant, Baltimore, Md. (1830). Smart 1; USNM.
BROWN AND HUNT USA, fl.1834-37, MIM NIM OIM Sextants = Peabody Museum, Yale University. Edmund Brown and Harvey W. Hunt; T.C. Sign of the Compass Card, 190 Water Street (1834-35); Sign of the Compass, 27 Fulton, one door from Water Street, near Holt's Hotel (1835-37); both in New York, N.Y. Smart 1; USNM.
BROWN, ANDREW Scotland, fl.1817-21, MIM 100 High Street, Glasgow. Bryden 3.
BROWN, B. Scotland, PHIM Double Barometer = P.C. Edinburgh. Goodison 1.
BROWN, BENJAMIN England, fl.1797-1831, MIM NIM OIM Octant = MYS; Telescope = WHI; Crown Compass = PEA. may be Brown 1 or 2; sometimes spelled Browne; T.C.; foul anchor on scale of octant; telescope signed "Browne Bristol"; the crown compass at PEA is signed "B. Browne Bristol" but has three other cards on top; see I.I. Borger, James Gale, and Gray and Lisset. the Quay (1813); Quay and 14 Wilson Street (1814-24); 2 Old Park Hill and opposite Crane No. 7 (1829-31); all in Bristol. Taylor 2(930a and 1497); Bryden 9; Brewington 1.
BROWN, BUSH G. USA, 1820-63, MIM see E. Brown and Son. New York, N.Y. Smart 1.
BROWN, D., AND SON USA, c.1833, MIM NIM owned their own dividing engine. Providence, R.I. Bedini 8.
BROWN, DAVID STEPHENS England, PHIM made self-acting sympiesometer and barometer. Eton Lodge, Ashby Road, Islington, London. USNM.
BROWN, E., AND SON USA, fl.1841-63, MIM NIM PHIM SIM Surveying Compass = P.C.; Transit = WHI; Octant = USNM; Theodolite = D.(1981). T.C. at PEA; T.C. in box of Gennert and Holzke Wye Level; Edmund Brown and Son; octant signed "E.W. Brown and Son." New York, N.Y. Brewington 1; USNM; Smart 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; Coffeen H; Moskowitz 122; Garcelon 33.
BROWN, E.W., AND SON see E. Brown and Son.
BROWN, GEORGE Scotland, 1650-1730, MIM Rotulas Arithmetica = RSM (1699,incomplete), (1699), (1700), (1701). Rev. George Brown; patented his Rotula Arithmetica, a simple calculator, in 1698. Edinburgh. Bryden 15; Morrison-Low 1; RSW.
BROWN, GEORGE B. Scotland, fl.1836-37, NIM H. Brown probably was his brother. 38 Shore, Leith. Taylor 2(2088); Bryden 3.
BROWN, GEORGE G. England, c.1850, NIM Binnacle = MAN-I65. compass rose signed "Imray, Son and Co. London." London. Garcia 1.
BROWN, H. Scotland, c.1837, NIM George B. Brown was probably his brother. 38 Shore, Leith. Taylor 2(2088a); Bryden 3.
BROWN, H.L., AND SON England, PHIM Aneroid Barometer = D.(1976). Sheffield. RSW.
BROWN, J., AND C.S. FRANCIS USA, c.1836, MIM OIM astronomical instrument makers. New York, N.Y. USNM.
BROWN, JAMES Scotland, fl.1773-89, PHIM Hydrostatic Glass Bubbles = RSM (4). T.C.; made hydrostatical bubbles invented by Alexander Wilson; the business was continued by William Twadell from 1789 to 1792. Irongate, Glasgow. Calvert 2; Crawforth 1; Bryden 3; Clarke et al; RSW.
BROWN, JOHN 1 England, fl.1654-97, MIM OIM PHIM Nocturnal, boxwood = Gabb Coll. = NMM-N.20; Triangular Quadrant, fragment = OXF; Quadrant, ivory = BM-1923/2/6-2; White's Rule, 1663 = Pepys; Timber Rule, small, 1663 = Pepys; Spiral Calculator, 1664 = Pepys; Telescope, 1666 = Pepys; Perspective Instrument (Wren's design), 1669 = Pepys; Vertical Sundial, boxwood = NMM-D.341. son of Thomas Brown 1; father of Thomas Brown 2; apprenticed in the Joiners' Company; free in the Company sometime between 1627 and 1654; see J.B. 2; admitted to the Clockmakers' Company in 1667 as a Brother; took apprentices; Master of the Company in 1681; T.C.; invented a triangular quadrant; see Crawforth 7 for further information. see Brown, John 1 (cont.). see Brown, John 1 (cont.).
BROWN, JOHN 1 (CONT.) Dukes Place (1661); Sign of the Sun Dyal (later Sphere and Sun Dial or Sphere and Dial), Minories; both near Aldgate, London. Taylor 1(224); Goodison 1; Dewhirst; Latham and Matthews, vols. 4,5,7,9; Price 3; Ward 4; Wynter and Turner; Daumas 1; Calvert 2; J. Brown 1 and 3; NMM 2; Clay and Court; Crawforth 7; Robischon; Rabone 1; RSW.
BROWN, JOHN 10 Scotland, 1708, MIM Polyhedral Sundial, 1708 = Bowland, Galashiels. Edinburgh. Somerville.
BROWN, JOHN 2 England, c.1654, MIM apprenticed to John Johnson 1 in the Joiners' Company, Jan. 8, 1627; free of the Company on Aug. 7, 1654; may be John Brown 1. Crawforth 7.
BROWN, JOHN 3 Englandc.1627, MIM apprenticed to William Hammond of the Joiners' Company in 1627; may be John Brown 1. Crawforth 7.
BROWN, JOHN 4 England, c.1629, MIM apprenticed to Henry Wylan in the Joiners" Company, 1629; may be John Brown 1. Crawforth 7.
BROWN, JOHN 5 England, c.1635, MIM apprenticed to Christopher Turner in the Joiners' Company, 1635; may be John Brown 1. Crawforth 7.
BROWN, JOHN 6 England, fl.1642-99, MIM had fourteen apprentices in the Joiners' Company; could have been John Brown 1-5 or another man. London. Crawforth 7.
BROWN, JOHN 7 England, c.1703, MIM apprenticed to Walter Henshaw of the Clockmakers' Company on Feb. 13, 1703. J. Brown 3.
BROWN, JOHN 8 England, c.1808, apprenticed to John Corless in the Joiners' Company on May 3, 1808. Crawforth 7.
BROWN, JOHN 9 England, c.1830, OIM 51 Dean Street, Newcastle. Taylor 2(1790).
BROWN, JOHN G. USA, 1805-post-48, MIM worked for Richard Patten for many years in New York, N.Y.; partner with Isaac T. Heartte as Brown and Heartte, 1830. New York, N.Y.; Baltimore, Md. (1830-39); Washington, D.C. Smart 1; USNM.
BROWN, JOHN ROGERS USA, 1810-76, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = X. invented first automatic machine for graduating rules, 1850. Providence, R.I. Smart 1; USNM.
BROWN, JOSEPH R. USA, c.1852, MIM made rules, standards. Providence, R.I. DATM.
BROWN, M. England, c.1802, OIM made a special type of telescope. London. USNM.
BROWN, R., AND SONS England, c.1850, PHIM balance makers. G.L'E. Turner 24.
BROWN, S.G. USA, NIM Marine Compass in binnacle = K. and C. 3/19/75. may be S.B. Brown. Watfford. RSW.
BROWN, T. England, Water Clock, variant, 1631 = D.(1973). modern work. York. RSW.
BROWN, THOMAS 1 England, fl.1627-53, MIM Gunter's Quadrant, circular, ivory = P.C.(1987). sometimes spelled `Browne'; father of John Brown 1; apprenticed to Launcelot Smith in the Joiners' Company; free of the Company in 1623; took apprentices; made a circular, wooden slide rule in 1631; made Napier's bones, etc. The Globe, Fenchurch Street, near Northumberland Alley, Aldgate, Minories, London. Taylor 1(154); Dewhirst; Evans 1; Clay and Court; Daumas 1; RSW.
BROWN, THOMAS 2 England, fl.1676-79, MIM apprenticed by turnover to his father, John Brown 1, of the Clockmakers' Company, on April 5, 1669; free of the Company, July 3, 1676; took an apprentice; "Thomas Browne" was an alternative spelling. J. Brown 3.
BROWN, W.H., AND CO. England, 19th Century, MIM Slide Rule, boxwood, with index = D.(1986). Birmingham. Coffeen 13.
BROWN, WILLIAM England, c.1797, apprenticed to John Browning 1 of the Grocers' Company on Jan. 5, 1797. J. Brown 1.
BROWNE, B. England, fl.1797-1831, MIM T.C. at PEA; see Benjamin Brown. The Quay, Bristol. Taylor 2(930a); Brewington 1.
BROWNE, DANIEL England, fl.1614-34, MIM made brass instruments. Cricklade, London. Taylor 1(127); Evans 1.
BROWNE, JOHN 1 England, see John Brown 1. Calvert 2; Robischon; Rabone 1; RSW.
BROWNE, JOHN 2 England, c.1650, apprenticed to John Brown 6 in the Joiners' Company in 1650. Crawforth 7.
BROWNE, JOHN 3 England, fl.1750-75, NIM Backstaff = Soth. 1960. also made compasses; T.C. near Wapping Old Stairs; Southwark; both in London. Taylor 2(450); Calvert 2; Crawforth 1.
BROWNE, JOHN 4 England, c.1750, NIM compass maker. No. 5 Stoney Lane near Pickle Herring Stairs, Southwark, London. Delehar 1.
BROWNE, ROBERT England, fl.1705-30, devised sextants and quadrants. near St Katherine's Dock, London. Taylor 1(548).
BROWNE, WILLIAM England, c.1790, NIM Hadley's Quadrant = Soth. 3/10/87. might possibly be William Brown, which see. Wapping, London. RSW.
BROWNELL, FRANKLIN C. USA, fl.1855-60+, educator; hired by Dwight Holbrook in 1855 as a promoter, wrote manuals; he founded the American School Apparatus Co. of New York, N.Y. in the 1860s. Hartford, Conn.; New York, N.Y. D,J. Warner 4.
BROWNING 1 England, c.1780-1830, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Spectroscopes = OXF. probably John Browning 1; see Spencer, Browning and Rust; see Spencer, Browning and Co; see Browning and Rust. London. Taylor 2(805); Brewington 1.
BROWNING 2 USA, c.1825, MIM NIM SIM Surveying Compasses, wood = Henry Ford Museum, Dearborn, Mich., P.C.; Octant = De Young Museum, San Francisco. P.C. and octant signed "Baltimore"; other instrument signed "Boston"; probably Samuel Browning 1. Boston, Mass.; Baltimore, Md. Smart 1; USNM; DATM.
BROWNING 3 USA, c.1803, MIM OIM see Newell and Browning. Merchants' Row, Boston, Mass.(1803). Smart 1.
BROWNING AND RUST England, c.1835, NIM Octant = OMM; Sextant = PMS. London. USNM; RSW.
BROWNING AND SON USA, fl.1816-41, MIM SIM Surveying Compasses = GUR, Old Sturbridge Village, Mass. Samuel (1) and Samuel S. Browning, father and son. 67 Broad Street, Boston, Mass. Smart 1; USNM; DATM; RSW.
BROWNING, GEORGE England?, 1782, NIM Octant, mahogany, 1782 = Soth. 12/19/66-16. RSW.
BROWNING, JOHN 1 England, fl.1782-1838, MIM OIM PHIM Microscope = D.(1972); apprenticed to Richard Rust of the Grocers' Company on March 1, 1768; free of the Company, July 4, 1782; brother of Samuel Browning 1; according to the addresses John Browning appears not to have been involved in any firm; Taylor's addresses were different. 49 Virginia Street (1782); Pennington Street, Ratcliffe Highway (1793); Prince's Square, Ratcliffe Highway (1797); 25 Prince's Square (1800); 17 Wellclose Place, New Road, St. George in the East (1803); all in London. Taylor 2(805); Moskowitz 104; Coffeen B; USNM; J. Brown 1; RSW.
BROWNING, JOHN 2 England, fl.1803-, MIM apprenticed to his father, Samuel Browning 1, of the Grocers' Company on Sept.3, 1795; free of the Company, May 5, 1803. J. Brown 1.
BROWNING, JOHN 3 England, fl.1860-72, OIM PHIM Spectroscope, hand = D.(1991). T.C.; "Optical and Physical Instrument Maker to Her Majesty's Goverment, The Royal Observatory, Kew Observatory, etc."; probably was the successor to Spencer, Browning and Co., c.1860. 111 Minories E. (1860-72) and 63 Strand (1872); 6 Vine Street, E.C.(factory); all in London. Calvert 2; Moskowitz 4; Chaldecott 3; RGO; Gemmary III.
BROWNING, RICHARD England, c.1818, MIM admitted to the Grocers' Company by Patrimony on Dec. 3, 1818; son of Samuel Browning 1; partner in the firm of Spencer, Browning and Rust 2 with his brother, William and with Ebenezer Rust 2 from 1819 until 1840 when the name of the firm changed to Spencer, Browning and Co. 66 Wapping (1818-39); 111 Minories (1839); also at 6 Vine Street (1848); all in London. J. Brown 1.
BROWNING, SAMUEL 1 USA, 1778-1864, MIM NIM see Browning 2; clockmaker; partner with Joseph Newell, as Newell and Browning, 1803; T.C. engraved by Thomas Wightman. 4 Dock Square (1805); 35 Broad Street (1809); 77 Broad Street (1816-25); 282 Washington (1829-41); all are in Boston, Mass.; Baltimore, Md. Smart 1; USNM; Warner 12.
BROWNING, SAMUEL 2 England, fl.1782-1819, MIM NIM Octant = VNN. brother of John Browning 1; apprenticed to Richard Rust of the Grocers' Company on Feb. 5, 1767; free of the Company, July 4, 1782; partner in Spencer, Browning and Rust 1 with Ebenezer Rust 1 and William Spencer 2. 327 Wapping Street, London (1782-83); Eaton Socon, Beds. (1786-92); Wapping, London (1795-1819). J. Brown 1; RSW.
BROWNING, SAMUEL 3 England, c.1792, apprenticed to Samuel Browning 2, his father, in the Grocers' Company on June 7, 1792. J. Brown 1.
BROWNING, SAMUEL S. USA, c.1803-35, MIM OIM son of Samuel Browning 1. Boston, Mass. Smart 1.
BROWNING, WILLIAM England, fl.1819-40, MIM brother of Richard Browning; Spencer, Browning and Rust 2 was run by Ebenezer Rust 2 and William and Richard Browning, 1819-40, a continuation of the original firm. London. J. Brown 1.
BRUCE England, see Wilson and Gillie, Bruce and Son. Cardiff.
BRUCE, J., AND SONS England, NIM PHIM Marine Compass = NOR; Marine Barometer = D.(1972). Liverpool. RSW.
BRUCE, JOHN England, fl.1865-96, NIM PHIM Sextant = Melun 4/24/83; Octant, ebony and brass = Soth. 12/8/69; Marine Barometer = DeLuca 10/21/95. octant signed "J. Bruce Liverpool"; T.C. in sextant case; also made chronometers. Wopping?, Liverpool. Bryden 9; Crawforth 1. RSW; Nautical Brass Jan/Feb, 1996.
BRUCE, JOHN, AND SON England, NIM Sextant = Christie-SK 2/8/79; Position Indicator = Soth. 7/15/63-152. Liverpool. RSW.
BRUCE, WILLIAM England, fl.1806-27, brass and optical turner; worked with Charles Robert West on a portable telescope, 1806. 16 King's Head Court, Shoe, Lane, London. Taylor 2(1092).
BRUCKNER, G. 1842, MIM Pair of Globes, 1842 = X. Tooley.
BRUFF, CHARLES OLIVER USA; Canada, 1735-1817, MIM loyalist. New York, N.Y.; Tarrytown, N.Y. (1777); New York, N.Y.; Shelburne, Nova Scotia (1783). Bedini 8.
BRUGGER AND HOFFMEYER England, c.1822, PHIM made barometers and clocks. Norfolk Street, Lynn Regis. Goodison 1.
BRUGGER AND STRAUB England, fl.1845-60, PHIM barometer and thermometer makers? German clock and watchmakers, 1856. 79 High Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
BRUGGER, LORENZ AND A. England, fl.1843-44, PHIM made barometers and thermometers; see Brugger and Straub. 79 High Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
BRULAT ET CHOARET France, 18th Century, MIM Sundial = D.(1970). Lyon. Merzbach.
BRUMELL, G.T. England, post-1839, MIM Slide Rule, Hawthorn-type = P.C. Delehar 2 and 9.
BRUN, J. England, 1772, OIM Microscope, 1772 = KEN. Clay and Court.
BRUNDELL, PHILIP GEORGE England, c.1795, apprenticed to John King 2 of the Grocers' Company on Feb. 5, 1795. J. Brown 1.
BRUNDL, J. Sweden?, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial = NOR. Zinner 1.
BRUNELL, J. MIM Butterfield-type Sundial = NOR. scales for 59° and 63°20'. RSW.
BRUNER France, NIM Meridian Circle = PMM. RSW.
BRUNER AND CO. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
BRUNER, ERASMUS Germany, c.1600, MIM Instrument = DRE. there is a tower clock case at OXF signed Asmus Birin Bruner, 1577 = Mallett Coll.-120. Augsburg. Evans 1; Maddison 7.
BRUNI Italy, 1787, MIM Horary Quadrant, 1787 = Koller 11/17/75. Bologna. RSW.
BRUNI, POMPILIO Italy, d.1668, MIM NIM also made compasses. Urbino. Morpurgo 1.
BRUNI, THEOPHILI Italy, 1640, MIM Astronomical Clock, 1640 = Naval Museum, Venice. Venice. Italian Inventory.
BRUNN, LUKAS Germany, fl.1598-1620, MIM Protractor = DRE; Rules = DRE(2). invented a measuring instrument with screw micrometer, made by Christoph Trechsler. Annaberg. Zinner 1; Evans 1; RSW.
BRUNNER, CASPAR Germany, c.1555, MIM Rule, folding, 1555 = HAK; Artillery Level, 1556 = DRE. Nürnberg. RSW.
BRUNNER, IGNATIUS England, fl.1849-60, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 4/17/86. wheel signed "I. Brunner Birmingham"; stick signed "Brunner" with full address. 66 Edgbaston Street, Birmingham. Goodison 1; RSW.
BRUNNER, JOHANN Germany; France, 1804-62, MIM OIM SIM succeeded by his sons, Emil and Otto; perhaps worked with them, 1855 on. rue de Vaugirard, 183, Paris. Pipping 1; Poggendorff; USNM.
BRUNTON England, NIM Sextant = MYS. London. RSW.
BRUSH, THOMAS England, fl.1643-56, MIM made garden sundials. Taylor 1(225).
BRUYN, WEDUWE W. Holland, fl.1826-35, MIM NIM the widow of W. Bruyn; instrument and compass maker. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
BRUYNEEL, CORNELIS Holland, c.1684, NIM compass maker. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
BRYAM, E.M. USA, c.1846, see Ephraim N. Byram. USNM.
BRYAN, EDWARD England, MIM Level = Melun 2/24/83. 24 Cross Street, Manchester. RSW.
BRYAN, THOMAS England, 1656, MIM Garden Sundial, 1656 = MYS. RSW.
BRYANT, J. England, c.1825, MIM Garden Sundial, bronze = D.(1982). (check Pearson Page Pictures)? Coffeen A.
BRYN see Jong and Bryn. Rooseboom 1.
BRYSON Scotland, c.1830, NIM Sextant, pocket = Soth. 2/28/80. Edinburgh. RSW.
BRYSON, ALEXANDER Scotland, 1816-66, MIM NIM PHIM eldest son of Robert Bryson 1; made meteorological instruments including thermometers and barometers; member of the Society for the Promotion of Useful Arts in Scotland; trained in Musselburgh and London. Edinburgh (1844-66). Clarke et al.
BRYSON, JAMES MACKAY Scotland, 1824-94, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Stick Barometer = X; Wheel Barometer = X; Surveying Compass = Soth. 2/8/83; Microscopes = Christie-SK 7/10/80, FRK = RSM (3); Spectroscope = FRK = RSM; Scale, boxwood = RSM; Rain Gauge = RSM; Thermometer, maximum, mercury = RSM; etc. son of Robert Bryson 1; brother of Alexander and Robert (2) Bryson; worked under Repsold in Hamburg,1843, and later under Merz in Munich; set up as an optician in 1850; worked independently; member of the Edinburgh Merchant Company; instruments signed "Bryson Edinburgh." 65 Princes Street (1850-52); 24 Princes Street (1853); 60 Princes Street (1855-66); 60A Princes Street (1867-93); all in Edinburgh. Goodison 1; Bryden 3; Clarke et al; RSW.
BRYSON, ROBERT 1 Scotland, 1778-1852, MIM PHIM a Hammerman, 1815; noted clockmaker; interested in instruments involving time pieces; made self-registering barometers and thermometers; father of Robert Bryson 2 and Alexander Bryson; founding member of the Society for the Promotion of Useful Arts in Scotland; influential member of the scientific community in Edinburgh; see Robert Bryson and Son(s). The Mint, High Street (1810-15); 5 South Bridge opposite to Hunter's Square (1815-40); 66 Princes Street (1840-52). Clarke et al.
BRYSON, ROBERT 2 Scotland, 1819-86, MIM PHIM son of Robert Bryson 1; worked with his father and brother Alexander as Robert Bryson and Son(s). Edinburgh. Clarke et al.
BRYSON, ROBERT, AND SON(S) Scotland, 1844-86, PHIM clockmakers; also made meteorological instruments; Robert Bryson 1 and his sons Robert Bryson 2 and Alexander Bryson. 66 Princes Street, Edinburgh. Clarke et al.
BRZEZI, STEPH A. Czechoslovakia, 1573, MIM Sandglass, four-part, 1573 = Museum Kradec Kralové, Bohemia. Brezi? Czech. Inventory.
BUC, N. DU France, c.1666, NIM compass maker. Dieppe. Schück.
BUCH, D. ZACCARIAS Germany, fl.1593-1633, MIM Armillary Spheres = Hamilton Coll. (1593), AMST (1633). the AMST instrument is signed "D. Zaccarias Buch. Aquensis"; the Hamilton sphere is signed "Zacharias Bucha." Aquensis. Mörzer Bruyns 1; Hamilton 2; Michel 3.
BUCHAN, L. Scotland, c.1835, MIM PHIM Barometer, portable = RSM. Taylor thoght that he was a Scot. Manchester. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(2089); Morrison-Low 1.
BUCHANAN, A. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
BUCHANAN, JOHN England, fl.1710-11, MIM made sundials. Steeple Bumpstead, Essex. Taylor 1(557).
BUCHART see Bucher. Baillie 1.
BUCHART, JOHAN HEINRICH Germany, 1686, MIM Sundial, composite, 1686 = KAS; Mathematical Instrument Set, 1686 = KAS. Hamburg. Michel 3; RSW.
BUCHER, HANS 1 Germany, fl.1561-79, MIM Orrery Clock = DRE; Celestial Globes, 1575, 1577 = lost. see Baldwein and Bucher. Marburg. Zinner 1; Baillie 1.
BUCHER, HANS 2 Germany, 1570, MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory, 1570 = Soth. 1/27/48-148 = 16/17/75. probably misreading for Hans Ducher. RSW.
BUCHER, HANS 3 Germany, 1750, MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory, 1750 = Koller 11/17/75. Marburg. RSW.
BUCK, J. England, c.1850, MIM PHIM Drawing Compass = Versailles 11/20/83; Balance, folding = DRE. "maker". New Gate Street (London?). RSW.
BUCK, J.W. England, c.1850, PHIM Barometer = Soth. 5/31/89. "Improved Marine." 36 High Street, Wapping (London). RSW.
BUCKHAM, A. USA, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = P.C. Smart 1.
BUCKLEY, AND. England, fl.1716-18, MIM Perpetual Calendars = Wray Coll. (1716), BM-1901/11/15-4, Bodleian Library, Oxford. Price 3; Ward 4; Evans 1; Wray; Gunther 2.
BUCKLEY, JOSEPH Ireland, fl.1832-59, MIM OIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 2/28/80; Protractor with Rule = D.(1995). optician; the barometer is signed "J. Buckley Dublin." 14 Lower Sackville Street, Dublin. Bryden 9; Morrison-Low and Burnett; offeen 51; RSW.
BUCKLEY, WILLIAM England, 1519-71, MIM Ring Sundial, 1546 = Princess Elizabeth (1546). may be W.B. 1. Lillieshal, Shropshire; London. Taylor 1(14); RSW.
BUCKNALL, WILLIAM England, 1731, received a patent in 1731 for an astronomical instrument. Millburn 8.
BUDD England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Banbury. Goodison 1.
BUEHLER, JAMES A. England, fl.1740-1800, MIM globe maker. Tooley.
BUEL, ABEL USA, 1742-1822, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = Conn. Historical Society, Hartford, Conn. sometimes spelled as "Buell." New Haven, Conn. Smart 1.
BUFFAT France, 1682, invented the sidérostat. Toulouse. Nachet.
BUFFHAM USA, c.1850, OIM Telescope, tin and brass = D.(1988). has three- and six-inch lenses. Milburn, Lake County, Illinois. RSW.
BUFFHAM, WILLIAM England, OIM Microscope = Phillips 6/15/76. Rochdale. RSW.
BUFFON France, MIM Cannon Sundial = Jardin des Plantes (Jardin Royal), Paris. Paris. Boursier.
BUHLE, GEB. Germany, 1853, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1853 = BOM 3/28/16-557. Berlin. RSW.
BUHLER, J.A. Germany, MIM Terrestrial Globe, miniature = Soth. 2/9/61. Nürnberg. RSW.
BUIRD, EDWARD Scotland, fl.1674-80, a sea captain; imported nautical instruments. Leith. Bryden 3; Clarke et al.
BULBRECK France, c.1850, MIM made Burnier's combined compass and clinometer. Paris. USNM.
BULFORT see Newbord and Bulfort. RSW.
BULKELEY, THOMAS England, c.1715, MIM apprenticed to Thomas Feilder of the Clockmakers' Company on June 11, 1707; free of the Company, Dec.17, 1715; took an apprentice. J. Brown 3.
BULL 1 England, c.1830, NIM Octant, ebony and ivory = Soth. 6/9/77. 113 Upper East Smithfield, London. RSW.
BULL 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Bedford. Goodison 1.
BULL, JOHN England, c.1582, MIM made rules, compasses and geometrical instruments in metal; may have held office at the Mint. Exchange Gate, London. Taylor 1(59); Evans 1; Dewhirst; Michel 3; Gunther 4; A.J. Turner 10.
BULL, WILLIAM England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Stratford, Essex. Goodison 1.
BULLA, A. England, c.1830, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. see Bulla, Grasi and Fontana. Exeter. Goodison 1.
BULLA, GRASI AND FONTANA England, c.1830, PHIM barometer makers; variant is Bulla, Grassi and Fontana; probably A. Bulla and B. Fontana. 134 Fore Street, Exeter. Goodison 1.
BULLANT, JEAN France, fl.1561-72, MIM Armillary Sphere = X. tradition says that he made the sphere for Catherine de Medici, c.1572; wrote book on sundials, 1561. NYM Bulletin, Summer, 1966; Weil 2(19); Nachet; Price 2.
BULLET, PIERRE France, 1639-1716, invented the "pantomètre" about which he wrote. Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet; Price 2.
BULLOCK England, c.1780, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, K. and C. 3/19/75. K. and C. has thermometer on it; X could be F. Bullock. Melkesham. Goodison 1; RSW.
BULLOCK, F. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Corsham. Goodison 1.
BULLOCK, JAMES England, fl.1776-94, MIM Mathematical Machine = OXF; Calculating Machines = KEN, (see Sotheby 1994 note), Aubert Sale, 1806. the calculating machine was invented by Viscount Mahon (later Lord Stanhope) in 1777; Sotheby's offered, by private treaty, a calculating machine in 1994; clockmaker; his son, Edward, was apprenticed to David Cateay in 1776. Leather Lane; Furnival's Inn; both in London. Taylor 2(807); A.J. Turner 10; RSW.
BULMAIN AND DENNIES USA, c.1799, NIM New York, N.Y. Bedini 1.
BULMAN, HANS see Jakob Pühlmann. Zinner 1.
BULTE, DANIEL England, c.1663, MIM apprenticed to Ralph Greatorex of the Clockmakers' Company; free of the Company on April 6, 1663. J. Brown 3.
BUMA SIBOUT 1747, MIM Ring Sundial, silver, 1747, with case = Soth. 12/12/55. probably not the maker's name. RSW.
BUMEL, MICHAEL Germany, fl.1613-33, MIM SIM Surveying Instrument, 1613 = STU; Plane Table with Alidade and Sundial, 1625 = FLO-150; Pedometer, 1626 = NUR-WI1320; Graphometer, 1633 = STU-12870; Horary Quadrant = SLM. see M.B. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Bonelli 1; Michel 3; Price 2.
BUNDERS, JAN Holland, 1797, MIM grandson and pupil of Jan van Deijl; see Jan van Deijl en Zoon. Rooseboom 1.
BUNDERS, JAN VAN DEIJL Holland, 19th Century, OIM PHIM Barometer = X. probably great grandson of Jan van Deijl 2. made telescopes; see Jan Van Deijl Bunders en Zoon. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1; Daumas 1.
BUNDERS, JAN VAN DEIJL, EN ZOON Holland, c.1850, PHIM Barometer = X. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1.
BUNDOCK, C. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer, with clock = Soth. 5/14/87. London. RSW.
BUNTEN France, fl.pre-1828-43, NIM PHIM Barometers, Siphon-type = OXF (1840), CNAM (1841); Mountain Barometer = Nisbit 4/4/1860; Marine Compass, small = PMM. made standard thermometers. Quai Pelletier 30, Paris. Dewhirst; USNM; Chaldecott 3; RGO; Middleton 1; RSW.
BUNTING, THOMAS England, c.1724, apprenticed to John Crooke 1 or 2 in the Joiners' Company on May 12, 1724. Crawforth 7.
BUONSIGNORI, DOM STEPHANO see Dom Stephano Bonsignori. Bonelli 1 and 2; Michel 3.
BURACKER MIM Floating Sundial = UTC. probably Burucker.
BURATTINI, TITO LIVIO Italy; Poland, fl.1659=80, MIM OIM Lens = FLO (1690 inventory); Calculating Machine = FLO-3179 (?). made microscopes and telescopes; made telescopes for Hevilius; he gave a calculating machine to one of the Medici and may have been the maker. Warsaw (post-1670). Bonelli 1; Daumas 1.
BURBIDGE England, c.1820, MIM Terrestrial Globe, miniature, case = Soth. 5/21/73. London. RSW.
BURBRIDGES see Burgoyne, Burbridges, and Squire. RSW.
BURCKARDT, JOANN: AD: Germany, 1692, MIM Universal Ring Sundial, 1692 = Habsburg, Feldman S.A. Auction, Geneva 1987. solid center plate with alidade. Munich. Delehar 5.
BURDEN, PETER England, c.1682, apprenticed to John Worgan of the Grocers' Company on Feb. 7, 1682. J. Brown 1.
BURDETT, HENRY England, c.1734, MIM apprenticed to Simon Cade of the Clockmakers' Company on Sept. 2, 1723; free of the Company, Oct. 7, 1734; took an apprentice, Willand Challand (Shalland), 1737/38. Crooked Lane, London. J. Brown 1; Clifton 1.
BURDETT, WILLIAM Holland, MIM Inclinable Sundial, round, case = DRE. Amsterdam. RSW.
BURDON, E., ET RICHARDS misreading for E. Bourdon et Richards. Brewington 1.
BURDY, WILLIAM England, fl.1806-23, MIM Camden Town, Middlesex; Fulham, London. Taylor 2(1094).
BUREAU, THOMAS England, fl.1756-60, OIM Microscope = OXF; Microscope, pocket, 1756 = Crisp Coll. ownership of the OXF microscope is attributed to George III, of England. Taylor 2(452); Nachet; Gunther 2.
BUREL, COL. c.1829, invented a plummet level, 1829. USNM.
BURFORD, EDMUND GOODWIN England, c.1778, apprenticed to John Gilbert 2 of the Grocers' Company on Jan. 9, 1778. J. Brown 1.
BURGE misreading for Berge. Christie 12/18/74.
BURGE, CALEB England, c.1682, MIM apprenticed to Simon Barrett of the Clockmakers' Company on April 13, 1682. J. Brown 3.
BURGE, JUSTE see Jost Burgi. Hamilton 2.
BURGE, M. England, 1851, NIM Sextant, 1851 = NMM. possibly M. Berge. Taylor 2(1083); NMM 2.
BURGER, GEORG MATHAUS Germany, 1750-1825, MIM Heliochronometers = O-F 5, Drecker Coll., Schmitt-Friderich Coll., DEU-1679, Traunstein Heimatmuseum-1344. "Mechaniker"; all signed "Mathäus Burger." Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Monreal; Lunardi.
BURGER, M. GEORG ARNOLD Germany, 1649-1712?, MIM Evans 1; Doppelmayer.
BURGERS UND CO. Germany, MIM Sector = DRE. Cologne. RSW.
BURGES, BARTHOLOMEW USA, 1740-1807, MIM made an orrery; lecturer. Boston, Mass. Hindle 1; Bedini 1 and 8.
BURGESS, GEORGE JAMES England, c.1789, apprenticed to William Morris 1 of the Grocers' Company on April 2, 1789. J. Brown 1.
BURGESS, ROGER England, c.1737, MIM apprenticed to William Dean in the Broderers' Company on March 5, 1728; free in the Company, Oct. 5, 1737. Vere Street, Clare Market, London. Crawforth 7.
BURGH, IAN BREEM Holland, c.1730, NIM Compass Rose = AMST. Edam. Mörzer Bruyns 1.
BURGH, JAN VAN DER Holland, 1690, NIM Parallel Rules, 1690 = AMST. Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2.
BURGH, JUST see Jost Bürgi.
BURGI, JOST Switzerland; Germany, 1552-1632, MIM SIM a notable maker of fine instruments, his work covered a wide range including an astrolabe (KAS), astronomical sextant (PRA), globe clocks (BASH), (GOT), (CNAM), proportional dividers (KAS), etc. Jost Bürgi; thought to have invented the proportional dividers; worked for Wilhelm IV at Kassel; see"I.B." (12). Lichtensteig; Kassel (1584-1623). Zinner 1; Michel 3; Evans 1; Baillie 1; Josten; Horsky; Horsky and Skopova; Maddison 5; Daumas 1; Aked; Von Mackensen (1983); DSB; J.A. Bennett 2; RSW.
BURGOYNE, BURBIDGES, AND SQUIRE England, MIM 16 Coleman Street, London. USNM.
BURI see Burry. Britten.
BURKETT, EDWARD England, c.1700, MIM apprenticed to William Sellars of the Clockmakers' Company on April 16, 1700. J. Brown 3.
BURLEIGH, M. England, MIM Calculating Scale = ADL-N41. also marked "M.B." ADL; RSW.
BURLESTER, E. South Africa, OIM Microscope = Christie-SK 2/9/84. see Burmester, probably the same man. Cape Town. RSW.
BURLINI, BIAGIO see Biasio Burlini. Brieux 2.
BURLINI, BIASIO Italy; England, 1720-60, OIM Telescope = KEN; Microscopes = LEY, NAC, Natural History Museum, Antwerp, Crisp Coll. "Prof. in Venig"; author; Crisp signed "Elaboratum a Blasis Burlini Venitiis Optico", according to Clay and Court. Venice; at Archimedes, London. Brieux 2; Daumas 1; Belgian Inventory; Nachet; Crisp Coll.; Clay and Court; RSW.
BURMEISTER, JOCHAM Germany, 1777, NIM Hanging Compass = NMM-C152. Lubeck. NMM 2.
BURMESTER South Africa, OIM Telescope, single draw = Phillips 2/14/79. see E. Burlester, probably the same man. Cape Town. RSW.
BURNABY, THOMAS England, c.1697, MIM apprenticed to Thomas Tuttell of the Clockmakers' Company on June 7, 1697. J. Brown 3.
BURNAP, DANIEL USA, 1759-1838, MIM SIM Surveying Compass, 1791 = Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland, Ohio. clockmaker; also made wooden and brass surveying compasses. East Windsor; Coventry; both in Conn. Bedini 1, 8 and 17; Price 2; Smart 1.
BURNCKER see W. Burucker. Daumas 1.
BURNELL, RICHARD England, c.1801, apprenticed to Charles Fairbone 1 of the Grocers' Company on Feb.6, 1794; turned over to Richard Lomas of the Wheelwrights' Company on Feb.12, 1794; free of the Grocers' Company on May 7, 1801. J. Brown 1.
BURNETT 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Durham. Goodison 1.
BURNETT 2 Ireland, c.1860, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-S 7/23/87. Dublin. RSW.
BURNHAM USA, c.1831-42, MIM a partner in the firm of Robinson, Burnham and Co., 1831-42; probably from Essex, Mass. Danvers, Mass. Smart 1.
BURNIER, CAPT. France, c.1850, MIM invented a type of compass and clinometer, 1850. Paris. USNM.
BURNS England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Epsom. Goodison 1.
BURNTHWAITE, GEORGE England, MIM Protractor, full = P.C. Lamonby. RSW.
BURON France, fl.1830-51, NIM Octant, case = D.(1976). 8, rue des Trois Pavillons, Paris. Brieux 3; G.L'E. Turner 24.
BURROUGHS, ROBERT S. USA, c.1840, NIM made or sold nautical compasses. Warner 12.
BURROW England, 19th Century, PHIM Barometer = Phillips 9/10/86. Malvern. RSW.
BURROW AND THOMS England, c.1847, PHIM 289 Strand, London. O'Mara.
BURROW, W. AND J. England, c.1810, MIM Slide Rule = D.(1983). 62 and 63 Great Tower Street, London. Moskowitz 125.
BURRY, JACOB France, 1667-1722, MIM Cruciform Sundial = Feill Coll. Paris. Baillie 1; Britten.
BURSILL AND CO. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. London. Goodison 1.
BURT AND BAILEY USA, fl.1835-56, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = Sacramento County Historical Society, Cal. William Burt and John Aylesworth Bailey. Jefferson Avenue between Bates and Randolph (1853-54); 213 Jefferson Avenue (1855-56); both in Detroit, Mich. Smart 1; Elgin.
BURT AND WATSON 1 USA, fl. 1857-58, MIM SIM Burt's Solar Compasses = Henry Ford Museum; Burt's Equatorial Sextant = Michigan Museum of Surveying, Lansing. William Burt and Thomas Watson. Detroit, Mich. Elgin; Leiserowitz.
BURT AND WATSON 2 USA, 1860, MIM SIM Burt Solar Compass = Dossin Great Lakes Museum, Detroit, Mich. William Austin and John (2) Burt and Thomas Watson. Detroit, Mich. Elgin; RSW.
BURT, J. AND W. USA, fl.1856-57, MIM John Burt 2 and his brother, William Burt; W.H. Fawcett, a MIM, worked for them. 214 Jefferson Avenue, Detroit, Mich. Smart 1.
BURT, JOHN 1 England, c.1824, apprenticed to William Elliott 1 in the Joiners' Company on March 31, 1824. Crawforth 7.
BURT, JOHN 2 USA, 1814-86, MIM surveyor with his father, William Austin Burt, 1840-50; partner with his brother, William Burt in J. and W. Burt, 1856-57; also a partner in Burt and Watson, 1857-58; invented a type of lock for canals. Detroit, Mich. Smart 1.
BURT, PETER England, fl.1813-27, devised a new binnacle, log and steering compass. 4 Providence Place, Commercial Road, Limehouse, London. Taylor 2(1286); Bedini 8.
BURT, WILLIAM USA, 1825=98, MIM SIM son of William Austin Burt; partner with John A. Bailey, 1853-56; partner with his brother, John Burt 2 as J. and W. Burt, 1856-57; partner with John Burt 2 and Thomas Watson in Burt and Watson, 1857-58. Detroit, Mich. (1814-66); Marquette, Mich. Smart 1.
BURT, WILLIAM AUSTIN USA, 1792-1858, MIM Equatorial Sextants = D.(1993, U.S Naval Obs., USNA. invented the solar compass in 1836, a typewriter in 1829, and the equatorial sextant c.1855; see William Burt and Watson. Petersham, Mass.; Wales Township, Erie County, N.Y. (pre-1824); Mount Vernon, Mich. (1824); Detroit, Mich. Smart 1; Bedini 8; Coffeen 43; RSW.
BURTON England, c.1750, MIM NIM Sextant = Leigh and Soth. 4/10/1794. Ramsden started as an engraver to a Burton in 1751, perhaps Mark Burton, which see. London. Goodison 1; Daumas 1; RSW.
BURTON, EDWARD England, MIM OIM 47 Church Street, Minories, London. USNM.
BURTON, GEORGE 1 England, fl.1772-1815, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Stick Barometers = Gloucester Museum, Christie-SK 9/11/86, X. "X" is signed "G. Burton"; the others signed "Burton London"; he was probably the Burton whose instruments were carried on Cook's second voyage by William Wales and another set was given to Mr. W. Gooch when he went to join Vancouver in the Pacific in 1791; it is unlikely that John Burton was the maker involved. 136 High Street Borough, Southwark, London. Taylor 2(694); Goodison 1; RSW.
BURTON, GEORGE 2 England, c.1830, MIM NIM PHIM 3 Devonshire Buildings, Great Dover Street, London. Taylor 2(1791).
BURTON, JAMES England, fl.1828-46, OIM PHIM 10 Great Bell Alley (1828-29); 10 Western Street, Pentonville; 25 Pleasant Row, Pentonville; all in London. Taylor 2(1792); O'Mara.
BURTON, JOHN England, fl.1758-75, OIM might have been the Burton who furnished instruments for Cook's second voyage but more likely it was George Burton 1; opposed Peter Dollond's patent in 1764. Johnson Court, Fleet Street, London. Taylor 2(453); Court and von Rohr 3(XXVI).
BURTON, JON. Ireland, c.1780, MIM Garden Sundial, "made for Henry Percy" = D.(1973). Dublin. RSW.
BURTON, JOSEPH England, c.1822, OIM 15 Blackfriars Bridge, near the Magdalen, London. Taylor 2(1499); Dewhirst.
BURTON, MARK England, fl.1730-69, d,1786, MIM OIM PHIM barometer and thermometer maker; divided scales; T.C.; possibly successor to G. Lyford; took apprentices, including Jesse Ramsden; Clay and Court thought him 20 years later. Euclid's Head, near New Church, Strand; Denmark Court, Strand (1755); Strand (1763-69); all in London. Taylor 2(454); Goodison 1; Clay and Court; Clifton 1.
BURTON, W. England, c.1750, MIM Sector = Soth. 2/20/85 = D.(1991). Coffeen 35; Clifton 1; RSW.
BURUCKER, W. Germany, 1728-80, MIM Pillar Sundials, wood = CNAM-13.591, Luipold Museum, Würzburg, LID-M43, Drecker Coll., STS, NUR-WI1300, BASH-1917/856, D.(1984); Sundials = AMST, Koller 11/17/75; Magnetic Compass = P.C.; Calendar, pendant = OXF; Equatorial Sundial = OXF; Horizontal Sundials = Drecker Coll.(3); Artillery Level = P. and S. 3/20/1896 = OXF. Koller sundial is polychrome paper dial in brass sphere; the OXF instrument is also marked "W.B." (1), which see. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Esdaille; Lunardi; Coffeen F; Cons. Nat'l 2; Mörzer Bruyns 1; Daumas 1; RSW.
BURY see Burry. Britten.
BUSBY, SAMUEL England, c.1811, invented a compass to show the time of longitude. Taylor 2(1287).
BUSCH AND OEHLSCHLAGER Germany, fl.1654-64, MIM Copernican Planetaria = MLL, Frederiksborg Castle, Denmark, Andreas Busch and Adam Oehlschläger. Limburg; Gottorp. Zinner 1; Michel 3; H.C. King 2.
BUSCH, ANDREAS Germany, fl.1654-64, MIM worked for Duke Ferdinand IV; see Busch and Oehlschläger. Limburg; Gottorp. Zinner 1; Michel 3; King 2.
BUSCH, C.C., AND CO. USA?, PHIM Kalaidoscope = Maria Mitchell House, Nantucket, Mass. RSW.
BUSCH, E. Germany, c.1850, OIM in the 1851 Great Exhibition, London. Rathenow, Prussia. USNM; G.L'E. Turner 24.
BUSCH, ELIAS Germany, MIM Augsburg-type Sundial = Soth. 7/23/62-10. RSW.
BUSCHMAN, JNO. Germany, c.1692, MIM Sundial with Compass on table clock = SPI-Anderson 3/25/27. RSW.
BUSCHMANN, CASPAR 1 Germany, c.1536-1613, MIM Calendar Clock = ADL-M378. clockmaker; signed "Cas: Bu." Augsburg. Engelmann 1; Bobinger 2 and 3; ADL; RSW.
BUSCHMANN, CASPAR 2 Germany, c.1563-1629, MIM Astronomical Compendium with Regiomontanus-type Sundial and a Nocturnal, 1611 = BEK; Compass and Calendar, 1628 = CLU; Astronomical Compendium = DEU; Sundial, 1628 = Middelburg Zeeuwsch Genootschap der Wetenschappen. signature on the 1611 sundial is "Caspar Buschman automatarius in Augusta Anno 1611." Augsburg. Bobinger 2 & 3; Zinner 1.
BUSCHMANN, DAVID Germany, 1626-1701, MIM Vertical Sundial on a table clock = MUN; Equatorial Sundials on clocks = VIE, Feill Coll., P.C.(1918-Frankfort). VIE has a sundial and an armillary sphere on a clock. Augsburg. Zinner 1; Bobinger 2 and 3; Michel 3.
BUSCHMANN, HANNS see Johann Buschmann 1. Bobinger 2 and 3.
BUSCHMANN, JOHANN 1 Germany, c.1600-62, MIM Diptych Sundial, round = MUN-33/234; Sundial in pocket watch = SPI-2731; Planispheric Sundial = Prin Coll. = NMM; Proportional Compasses, = NUR (1635), THO. member of the Clockmakers' Guild; SPI signed "Hanns Buschmann." Augsburg. Bobinger 2 and 3; Zinner 1; NMM 2; A.J. Turner 10; RSW.
BUSCHMANN, JOHANN 2 Germany, c.1632-76, MIM Magnetic Azimuth Sundial = MADEX-105 = NMM-D.60; Ring Sundial = Stuker 2/7/58-3442 = Weil = P.C.; Pin-gnomon Horizontal Sundials = MUN-33/234, Prin. clockmaker. Augsburg. Bobinger 2 and 3; Zinner 1; NMM 2.
BUSH, JOSEPH England, c.1700, MIM free of the Stationers' Company after 1664 and before 1747. Crawforth 7.
BUSH, MARGARET England, c.1763, MIM member of the Stationers' Company for at least 15 years after William Bush's death; took apprentices. Crawforth 7.
BUSH, R., AND CO. England, c.1816, PHIM made a brass and copper still, in use for many years; seized by the I.R.S. in 1951. Bristol. USNM.
BUSH, WILLIAM England, pre-1763, MIM free of the Stationers' Company; succeeded by his widow, Margaret Bush. Crawforth 7.
BUSHELL, EDWARD England, c.1687, MIM apprenticed to William Bennett of the Clockmakers' Company on Oct.3, 1687. J. Brown 3.
BUSHELL, SAMUEL England, c.1690, MIM apprenticed to Withers Cheney of the Clockmakers' Company on July 12, 1690. J. Brown 3.
BUSNELL, WALTER India, 19th Century, MIM Equatorial Sundial = Phillips 10/26/83. Calcutta. RSW.
BUSS England, MIM Slide Rule, Proof, ivory = D.(1981). 48 Hatton Garden, London. RSW.
BUSS, THOMAS O'DEMPSEY England, 1847- 83, PHIM Saccharometer = D.(1972); Sikes' Hydrometer = Christie 5/15/73; Hydrometer Sets = Longleat House, Wilts.(2); etc. successor to R.B. Bate. 33 Hatton Garden; 3 Upper East Smithfield, Tower Hill; both in London. G.L'E. Turner 24; Moskowitz 104; RSW; Coffeen A; USNM.
BUSS, THOMAS ODEMCY see Thomas O'Dempsey. G.L'E. Turner 24.
BUSSY, WILLIAM England, c.1714, MIM apprenticed to William Bennett of the Clockmakers' Company on Oct.26, 1714. J. Brown 3.
BUSUCKER see W. Burucker. Zinner 1; RSW.
BUTCHER, CHAR. England, MIM Garden Sundial = Chicheley Hall, Newport Pagnell. for 52°10' latitude. Bedford. RSW.
BUTCHER, JOHN England, c.1786, apprenticed to John Parminter 1 of the Grocers' Company on Dec.3, 1778; free of the Company on Feb.2, 1786. J. Brown 1.
BUTERFIEL Butterfield-type Sundial = Christie-N.Y. 4/3/85 = D. naive copy of a Butterfield-type sundial. Moskowitz ; RSW.
BUTERFIELD instruments signed this way are sometimes contemporary copies of the very popular sundials made by Michael Butterfield. Moskowitz 102; RSW.
BUTLER England, 1630, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1630 = Christie-SK 11/15/79. London. RSW.
BUTLER AND POWELL England, c.1818, MIM rule makers. Lionel Street, Birmingham. Bryden 9.
BUTLER, JAMES England, c.1765, MIM apprenticed to Francis Morgan in the Joiners' Company on November 19, 1765; listed as a MIM in the directories. London. Crawforth 7.
BUTT, MR. England, c.1815, OIM made a short Cassegrain telescope. The Paragon, Kent Road, London. USNM.
BUTTERFIELD, HORACE S. USA, c.1815, MIM made an astronomical calculator with Olof Ohlson. Portland, Oregon. A.H. Brown.
BUTTERFIELD, MICHAEL England; France, 1635-1724, MIM OIM SIM Butterfield made a wide range of well made instruments. an Englishman who spent his working life in Paris, from before 1665 to his death in 1724; master and juror (1702-04) in the "Corporation des fondeurs"; "Ingénieur du Roi"; best known as the developer of the Butterfield-type sundial; many copies and forgeries of his work exist. England (1635-pre-1665); Aux Armes d'Angleterre, Faubourg Saint-Germain, rue Neuve-des-Fossés (1678); Quai des Morfundus, Ile de la Cité (1691); both in Paris. Daumas 1; Taylor 1(369) and 2(22); Coffeen A; Mörzer Bruyns 1; USNM; Michel 1; Dewhirst; Price 3; Ward 4; Belgian Inventory; Hamilton 2; Wynter 1; Stewart; Moskowitz 110; Lister; Engelmann 1; J.A. Bennett 2; Bryden 16; Bonelli; A.J. Turner 10; Rinaldi 23; Syndram; Augarde; ADL; RSW.
BUTTERWORTH, JOHN England, c.1759, MIM clockmaker; engraver; may have made sundials. Bull and Bear Yard, Leeds. Loomes.
BUTTI 1 Holland, PHIM Barometer = LEY. Amsterdam. RSW.
BUTTI 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Taunton. Goodison 1.
BUTTI GEBROEDERS EN STOPANNI Holland, fl.1794-1817, PHIM Barometer = WMH. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
BUTTI, BARNASCHINA AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Francis Barnaschina? Newcastle-on-Tyne. Goodison 1.
BUTTI, DONATI Italy; Holland, c.1794, PHIM made barometers and thermometers; see the Gebroeders Butti en Stopanni as well as D. Butti and Sons; partner with Solaro in 1817. Milan; Amsterdam (1794-1817). Mörzer Bruyns 2; Crommelin; Daumas 1.
BUTTI, DTO, EN ZONEN Holland, c.1800, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie April, 1978. made thermometers. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
BUTTI, L. Scotland, fl.1825-67, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. carver and gilder. 232 Cargate (1825-26); 1 and 2 Ronaldson's Buildings (1836); 2 Springfield Buildings (1848-52); all in Leith; 14 Hanover Street, Edinburgh (1853-67). Goodison 1; Morrison-Low.
BUTTI, LOUIS JOSEPH Italy; Scotland, fl.1823-24, OIM PHIM worked with John Zenone as Zenone and Butti; dealt in telescopes and, probably, barometers. 5 Calton Street, Edinburgh. Clarke et al.
BUTTIERI, CARLO ANTONIO Italy, OIM Telescope, cardboard = D.(1986). signed on the objective lens. Rome. Wynter 1.
BUZZOFO, HIERONIMO DE ANTONIO Italy, 1562, MIM NIM SIM Cross-staff, wood and brass, 1562 = BM-1901/7/20-1. Price 3; Ward 4.
BYGRAVE, RICHARD England, c.1742, OIM apprenticed to George Bass, an OIM in the Spectaclemakers' Company, March 27, 1733; free in the Company on Feb. 28, 1742 Court and von Rohr 3(136).
BYNTER, JORG Germany, 1485, MIM "compastmacher" in 1485. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
BYRAM, EPHRAIM N. USA, fl.1836-46, MIM NIM made a "Universal Planetarium", c.1836; received an award for an improvement in the suspension of the marine compass, c.1846. Sag Harbor, Long Island, N.Y. USNM; Warner 12.
BYRD, JOHN England, c.1760, MIM Garden Sundial = Palacio Réal, Madrid. misreading for John Bird, which see. London. RSW.
BYWATER AND CO. England, c.1840, NIM Quadrant = D.(1976). Liverpool. Rinaldi.
BYWATER, DAWSON AND CO. England, c.1835, MIM NIM Octant = D.(1975); Compass, portable = Soth. 5/25/68; Marine Compass = Soth. 3/25 86. see John Bywater, Dawson and Co. No. 18 Pool Lane , Liverpool. Bryden 9; RSW.
BYWATER, JOHN England, fl.1816-35, MIM NIM OIM PHIM invented a corrected compass for deviation; see John Bywater, Dawson and Co.; see Bywater, Dawson and Co; optician. 49 Gloucester Street (1816); 44 Seymour Street (1832-35); 18 Pool Lane; all in Liverpool. Taylor 2(1288); Goodison 1; Crawforth 6.
BYWATER, JOHN, AND CO. England, MIM PHIM Marine Barometer = P.C.(1976). opticians; agent for Dollond telescopes. 18 Pool Lane, Liverpool. Crawforth 6; RSW.
BYWATER, JOHN, DAWSON AND CO. England, fl.1819-32, MIM NIM OIM agents for Adie, Dicas and Willis; T.C.; see John Bywater; see Bywater, Dawson and Co. 20 Pool Lane, Liverpool. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1288); Moskowitz 101.
C. 1 France, 16th Century, MIM Astronomical Compendium = Koller 11/17/75. punchmark is "C." RSW.
C. 2 c.1550, MIM Dividers = P.C.(1987). RSW.
C. DES P. France?, MIM Sector = Drouot 4/26/67-71. RSW.
C. KO. see C.K.F. RSW.
C.A.B. Germany, 1600, marked on an astronomical ring, dated 1600, at OXF signed "Succa"; also marked "I.A.D." and "A." (2). Zinner 1; Hamilton 1 and 2; RSW.
C.A.D. 18th Century, MIM Table Sundial, circular = Koller 11/17/75. RSW.
C.B. England, c.1650, MIM probably Christopher Brookes; author. Wadham College, Oxford. Dewhirst; Clay and Court.
C.B.A. 1 see C.A.B. Hamilton 2.
C.B.A. 2 Germany, MIM Rule with Level = TIM. may be scale markings. RSW.
C.C. 1 MIM Compass Sundials, brass in round ivory boxes = NOR, OXF. punchmark on hour scale. Evans 1; RSW.
C.C. 2 c.1850, PHIM Electrical Apparatus = D. Brieux 2.
C.C., SIR England, 1667, see Sir Charles Cotterel. RSW.
C.D. 1 16th Century, MIM Artillery Level = LOS. RSW.
C.D. 2 MIM Compass, three legs = ADL-M72. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
C.D. 3 c.1830, MIM Cannon Sundial = Versailles 2/28/82. RSW.
C.D.P. France, c.1800, not an instrument maker; abbreviation for "Calibre Des Pieces." Christie 4/3/85.
C.F.Z.K. Germany, 1570, MIM Diptych Sundial, 1570 = Rosenheim Sale. may be owner; sundial also marked "V.S." RSW.
C.G. 1 Germany, fl.1572-76, MIM Polyhedral Sundial, wood, 1572 = VIE; Horary Quadrant, 1574 = BASH. Zinner 1; Michel 3; Evans 1; Price 2
C.G. 2 Holland?, 17th Century, MIM Compass Sundial, ivory box = OXFB. Maddison 5; Evans 1.
C.G. 3 England, c.1700, MIM Vertical Sundial, east declining = OXF. Cornwall. RSW.
C.H. 1677, MIM Compass Sundial in bone sphere, 1677 = WRAY-85; Capuchin Sundial, wood = SLM. Zinner 1; RSW; Haupolter.
C.H.B. Germany, MIM Vertical Sundials = P.C., Soth. 12/17/62-112. the Soth. instrument is like Roman "Ham" sundial. Zinner 1; RSW.
C.H.M.A.D. Germany, 1601, MIM Horizontal - Vertical Sundial, 1601 = Drecker Coll. misreading for C.T.M.F.D.? RSW.
C.H.R.S.S. Germany?, 1596, MIM Sundial, 1596 = FLO-2511. Bonelli 1 called it a sundial but Bonelli 5 picture is of artillery level. Bonelli 1 and 5.
C.I. Germany, 16th Century, MIM Artillery Instrument = VIE-AR3102. Zinner 4.
C.I.K./A.M. MIM Ring Sundial, cast pewter = NOR. "C.I.K." over "A.M." (6). RSW.
C.I.R.S.T. 1701, see C.T.P.M.A. Czech. Inventory.
C.K. see C.K.F. RSW.
C.K.F. Germany, fl.1631-48, MIM Diptych Sundial, 1631 = MERC-105 = Soth. 12/12/55 = 3/27/72; Artillery Level, 1648 = KES; Instrument = Koller, Nov. 1967; Astronomical Compendium = Drouot 6/16/65. Koller signed "C. Ko."; Drouot signed "C.K."; probably Christoph Köhler. Dresden. Zinner 1; Hamilton 1 and 2; RSW.
C.L. 1 16th Century, MIM Artillery Level = VIE-742. Zinner 4.
C.L. 2 17th Century, MIM Dividers = Soth.-P-B 6/14/76. fleur-de-lys under monogram. RSW.
C.M. England, c.1780, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth.-West Sussex 10/18/83. Portsmouth. RSW.
C.M. DE W. Holland, 1797, MIM Horizontal Sundial, marble, 1797 = UTR. "C.M. de W. fec. et exc." Amsterdam. de Rijk; RSW.
C.N.A.L. owner? on astrolabe at CLU, also signed "Nepos Gemmae Frisii fecit Lovani 1661"; re-engraved from 1561; ICA-234. Price 1; ICA 2; Nachet; Cluny Cat.
C.P. 1 Germany, 16th Century, MIM Astronomical Compendium, box = P. and S. 3/20/1896. probably the owner. RSW.
C.P. 2 England, c.1800, "C.P." is marked on the dial plate of a horizontal sundial, WHI-1191; the wind rose is marked "H." (4) and the compass card is marked "R.G." (1), perhaps Ralph Greatorex? Bryden 16.
C.R. 1 c.1663, MIM Sundial, silver = Soth. 11/5/28-424. epact tables for 1663-1700; tide table. RSW.
C.R. 2 France, MIM Horizontal Sundial = P.C. signed "C. deposé R." RSW.
C.R. 3 Germany, c.1750, OIM Microscope = BIL. Nürnberg. Purtle.
C.R.W. c.1575, MIM Astrolabe = BRN. Louvain-type. Czech. Inventory.
C.S. 1 Germany, fl.1546-1602, MIM probably Christopher Schissler; many instruments signed this way; Zinner thought initials might also stand for Christopher Senft. Augsburg. Zinner 1; Evans 1; Bobinger 1; Drechsler 2; RSW.
C.S. 2 Germany, this mark is inside the lid of a table clock signed "B.S." there is a sundial on the bottom plate of the clock. Pippa.
C.S. 3 Germany, 1646, MIM Artillery Level, 1646 = AUG-3547. dolphin on front; Christopher Schissler der Junger? Price 2; RSW.
C.S. 4 Germany, Astronomical Compendium, wood and silver, 1565 = Physics Institute, Padua. modern work; see Georg Hartmann for similar sundial by same maker. Augsburg. RSW.
C.S. CO. USA, distributor or dealer for Stanley and Co. Pine Meadow, Conn. DATM.
C.S.A.P. 1633, MIM Artillery Level, 1633 = HAK. also marked "Elias Innsel." RSW.
C.S.L. MIM Full Protractor = D.1968). RSW.
C.S.S. Germany, fl.1578-87, MIM Dividers with altimeter scale, 1578 = ZUS; Dividers with Sundials = VIG (1584), VIE (1587). may be Christopher Schissler Senior. Zinner 1; Egger; RSW.
C.T. 1 Germany, 1534, MIM Rule, 1534 = DRE. Drechsler 2.
C.T. 2 the initials are marked on a nocturnal with sundial; the months have Italian initials; the owner was Caesar Sambara, Bishop of Tortona; WHI-734, 1548. Hamilton 1; Whipple 1; Bryden 16.
C.T. 3 England, 1581, MIM Polyhedral Sundial, stone, 1581 = Corpus Christi College, Oxford. Charles Turnbull, which see; author. Lincolnshire. Gatty.
C.T.C.F. Germany, 1609, MIM Micrometer, 1609 = DRE. Christoph Trechsler or his son? Dresden. Zinner 1.
C.T.D. Germany, 1598, MIM Astronomical Compendium, 1598 = BEK. "Christoph Trechsler, Dresden." Dresden. Zinner 1; RSW.
C.T.D.E.M. Germany, fl.1611-24, MIM NIM SIM many instruments signed this way within this period; "Christoph Trechsler Der Elder Mechanicus." Zinner 1; Michel 15; Maddison 5; Josten; Drechsler 2; Société Belge; Czech. and Polish Inventories; Trois Siècles; Price 3; Ward 4; Engelmann 1; ADL; Syndram; RSW.
C.T.D.E.M.F. Germany, 1614, MIM Artillery Level, 1614 = DRE. "Christoph Trechsler Der Elder Mechanicus Fecit." Zinner 1.
C.T.F. Germany, 1589, MIM SIM Surveying Instrument, 1589 = DRE. "Christoph Trechsler Fecit"; signed "C.T.F. Anno 1589 M.S."; it is "M.S." (5); also marked "A.B. Riesen." Zinner 1 and 4; Josten; Gunther 2; Kirnbauer 2; Dreschler 2; Bonelli 1; RSW.
C.T.M. Germany, fl.1604-20, MIM Rule, 1604 = DRE; Pairs of Dividers, 1604 = OXFB, Soth, 2/15/53; Artillery Levels = HAK (1605), DRE (1609); Range Finder, wood, 1605 = DRE; Circles = P.C. (1605), DAR (1620); Level, 1608 = Soth. 12/8/69; Dividers, 1623 = HAK. "Christoph Trechsler Mechanicus." Zinner 1; Maddison 5; Drechsler 2; RSW.
C.T.M.D. Germany, fl.1607-09, MIM Quadrant, 1607 = DRE; Artillery Level, 1609 = ADL-M200; Sundial = DRE. "Christoph Trechsler Mechanicus Dresden." Dresden. Zinner 1; Körber 1; Drechsler 2; Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
C.T.M.F. Germany, fl.1603-15, MIM SIM Circle, 1603 = DEU; Nocturnal, 1603 = P.C.; Surveying Instrument, 1608 = OXF; Sector, 1615 = DRE. "Christoph Trechsler Mechanicus Fecit." Dresden. Zinner 1; Dewhirst; Gunther 2 and 6; Drechsler 2.
C.T.M.F.D. Germany, 1609, MIM Micrometer, 1609 = DRE. "Christoph Trechsler Mechanicus Fecit Dresden." Dresden. Zinner 1.
C.T.P.M.A. 1701, MIM Analemmatic Sundial, 1701 = Museum of Arts and Sciences, Brno. also marked "C.I.R.S.T." and "Bene Sociantur." Czech. Inventory.
C.T.S.M. Germany, 1624, MIM Diptych Sundial, 1624 = Goteborg Museum. "Christoph Trechsler Sohn Mechanicus." Dresden. Zinner 1.
C.T.S.M.F. Germany, 1623, MIM SIM Graphometer, 1623 = DRE-521. "Christoph Trechsler Sohn Mechanicus Fecit." Zinner 1; Drechsler 2.
C.V. MIM Horizontal Sundial = USNM. may be "G.V." USNM.
C.W. 1 England?, 1610, MIM Astronomical Compendium = Christie 7/16/68 = P.C.; Case of Drawing Instruments = KEN. both may be by Charles Whitwell. Taylor 1(88); Wynter and Turner; RSW.
C.W. 2 Germany, 1694, MIM Perpetual Calendar, 1694 = Koller 11/17/75. Gotha. RSW.
C.W. 3 c.1900, Horary Quadrant = ADL-T27. the work of D.B. Sheahan but in the style of Christopher Wren. Fox 2; Tomlinson 1; ADL; RSW.
CABASSON Germany, c.1850, MIM OIM SIM Telescopic Levels = La Rochelle 7/16/83, Versailles 11/20/83; Mining Dial = P.C.(1987). the telescopic levels may be one instrument. Paris. RSW.
CABEO, NICOLO Italy, 1585-1650, S.J.; developed a compass with a dipping needle; author; recognized and described electrical repulsion; professor of mathematics at Padua when Galileo was there. Ferrara; Padua. Zeitlin and Ver Brugge Cat.; DSB.
CABER, CHARLES, AND CO. USA, OIM Telescope = MYS. "Wanderer Telescope." New Bedford, Mass. RSW.
CABINET DU ROY France, c.1650, Armillary Sphere = ADL-M7. an address, not a name. Versailles. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
CABOGA, C. MARII see G. Maru. USNM; Thielmann; RSW.
CABRIER Holland, c.1704, PHIM made barometers and gave them English makers' names. Amsterdam. J. Brown 3.
CABRIER, CHARLES England, fl.1697-1724, MIM Astronomical Clock = Feill Coll. Lombard Street, London. Baillie 1.
CADDEI, GIOVANI Italy, MIM Garden Sundial, round = Delft Sundial Exhib. (1984). RSW.
CADE, SIMON England, fl.1688-1730, PHIM Stick Barometers = X, D.(1976), K. and C. 4/7/76. apprenticed to Henry Wynne of the Clockmakers' Company on April 12, 1680; free of the Company, April 12, 1688; took apprentices; D. barometer is in olivewood. Charing Cross, London. Goodison 1; Taylor 1(456); J. Brown 3; Baillie 1; Dewhirst; Evans 1; RSW.
CADENAZZI England, see Dangelo and Cadenazzi. Winchester. Goodison 1.
CADGELL, THOMAS England, c.1682, MIM apprenticed for eight years to William Elmes of the Clockmakers' Company on June 3, 1682. J. Brown 3.
CADOL France, 18th Century, MIM Artillery Instrument = Stuker (1961). Cadot? RSW.
CADOT France, fl.1747-53, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial, 1751 = Versailles 4/17/83; Sector, 1747 = OXF; Sundial, 1748 = McVitty Coll. = P-B 1/22/54; Graphometer, 1753 = KEN. does not appear to be Michel Cadot. Lyon. Gunther 2; Hamilton 2; RSW.
CADOT, MICHEL France, fl.1730-53, MIM SIM made many Butterfield-type sundials (including one dated 1742 in the Huelsmann Coll and another, 1740, in Soth. 12/12/55) and mathematical instruments, including sectors, theodolites and rules; examples may be seen in many museums including the ADL, BM, OXF, etc.; Sector, 1733 and Folding Square, 1733 = HAR apprenticed to Jean-Baptiste-Nicolas Delure in the "Corporation des fondeurs, 1718; Master n the Corporation; son-in-law of Henry Macquart, 1720; see Macquart and Cadot. Quay de l'Horloge, Ile de la Cité (1730); à l'Astrolabe (1734); both in Paris. Daumas 1; Hamilton 1 and 2; Michel 1 and 3; Nachet; Dewhirst; Gunther 2; Körber 1; Price 3; Ward 4; Engelmann 1; Syndram; Augarde; Giordano X; ADL; RSW.
CAELLINS, MARCUS ANTONIUS Italy, 1684, MIM Astronomical Instrument, 1684 = MIM-312. Caellius? Rome. Chenakal 4.
CAESIUS see Blaeu. Zinner 1.
CAETANI see Joseph-Maria Cavaliero, Baron of San Caetani. Gunther 2; Evans 1.
CAFFIERI Italy; France, c.1750, OIM made the decorated brass tubes for Magny's microscopes; either Giacomo or Filipo. Daumas 1; Morpurgo 1.
CAFFIERI, J. France, c.1710, MIM J. Caffiéri; signed on base of astronomical clock by Fardoil; also marked "A. Coypel." Trois Siècles.
CAFSERA England, 19th Century, PHIM Wheel Barometer = D.(1979). Cassera? Stourbridge. Antique Collector, Oct. 1979.
CAGNI, I. Italy, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Middleton 1.
CAGNOLI Italy, MIM Quadrant = Bologna University Observatory. Bonelli 4.
CAHUET France, fl.1770-72, OIM Quai de l'Horloge, Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet.
CAIETANUS, P., CAPUC. see P. David a San Cajetanus, Capuc. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
CAIL England, MIM NIM SIM Protractor = Phillips 10/5/76; Surveying Level = Phillips 10/26/83; Level = Soth. 10/28/86; Sextants, pocket = Christie 7/29/76, Soth.-C. 6/26/85; Mining Dial = Soth. 6/23/87; Parallel Rules = ADL-W163; Rule = ADL-W160; etc. either John or Septimus Anthony Cail. Newcastle-on-Tyne. ADL; RSW.
CAIL AND SONS England, MIM NIM Sextant, incomplete = Christie-SK 1/31/85. Newcastle. RSW.
CAIL, JOHN England, fl.1825-65, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Stick Barometer = Soth-S 1/25/89; Theodolite = RSM; Quintant, 1825 = NMM; Octants, ebony = Rye Museum, Soth. 4/28/69; Telescope = Soth. 1/22/73; Circular Slide Rule = Cooke's Shop, CMY; Sextant, copper and wood = NMM; Circumferentor = Dean and Chapter, Durham Cathedral; Sector, ivory = ADL-W117; Protractor = ADL-W115; Parallel Rule = ADL-W163; etc. worked for Troughton in London; partner with his brother, Septimus Anthony Cail, 1851-53; T.C.; Rye octant is marked "improved." 2 New Bridge Street (1823-37); 44 Northumberland Street (1838-39); 61 Pilgrim Street (1841-53) and 45 Quay Street (1841-53); 8 Grey Street(1853-55) ; 21 Grey Street (1855-58); all in Newcastle-on-Tyne. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1500); Calvert 2; KEN; Moskowitz 115; Crawforth 1; Delehar 2; Coffeen 11; ADL; RSW.
CAIL, JOHN AND SEPTIMUS ANTHONY England, fl.1851-53, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM brothers. 45 Quay Street, Newcastle-on-Tyne. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1095 and 1500); Moskowitz 115.
CAIL, SEPTIMUS ANTHONY England, fl.1857-84, MIM NIM PHIM Hadley Quadrants = NMM, OMM; Sextant, ebony and ivory = ADL-W217; Octant = Glasgow Art Museum; T.C.; usually signed "S.A. Cail." Newcastle-on-Tyne. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1095); Price 2; Moskowitz 115; Crawforth 6; ADL; RSW.
CAIRNS England, c.1850, OIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Barometer = AMST; Telescope = D.(1974). probably Alexander Cairns. which see. 12 Waterloo Road, Liverpool. Goodison 1; Mörzer Bruyns 1; RSW.
CAIRNS, ALEXANDER England, pre-1842-c.1869, NIM OIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Sextant = San Francisco Maritime Museum; Octant = D.(1974); Quadrant = Mystic Seaport, Conn. T.C.; optician; chronometer and watchmaker; sold nautical instruments. 12 Waterloo Road; 13 Waterloo Road (1869); both in Liverpool. Goodison 1; Moskowitz 108; RSW.
CAJETANUS, P. DAVID A SAN, CAPUC. Austria, 1726-82, MIM Horizontal Sundials, stone = Koller 11/17/75, BEK; Sundial, 1750 = Soth. 12/12/55 = Ader Picard 3/16/81; Horizontal Sundial, brass and marble, 1742 = ADL-M282. the ADL instrument is signed "P. Caietanus Capuc." and probably was not made by David as he would have been only 16. Vienna. Zinner 1; Moreau; Price 2; Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
CAL, DIRCK VAN Holland, 1650, MIM made a celestial globe in 1650. Steenwijk. Rooseboom 1.
CALANI AND CO. PHIM Thermometer = Soth. 10/17/60. RSW.
CALDERA, SERAPHANO see Serafino Antonio Maria Calderara. Taylor 2(2091); Dewhirst.
CALDERARA, S. AND A. England, PHIM Angle Barometer = Soth. 7/21/83. probably Serafino Calderara. London, Goodison 1; RSW.
CALDERARA, SERAFINO ANTONIO MARIA England, fl.1831-60, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Stick Barometer = Soth. 12/14/95. X is signed "S. Calderara London"; Soth. signed with address "Leather Lane, Holb., London." 16 Kirby Street (1831-33); 78 Leather Lane, Hatton Garden (1834-51); 42 Baldwins Gardens (1852-60); 2 Kings Terrace, Bagnippe Wells Road (1854-55); all in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(2091); Dewhirst; RSW.
CALDERON ES TARSA Hungary, c.1850, MIM PHIM Aneroid Barometer = Christie 5/5/70; Compass = P.C.(1987). Budapest. RSW.
CALDINI, GIUSEPPE Italy, c.1780, PHIM Electrostatic Machine = FLO. "Mecanico." Florence. Bonelli 1; RSW.
CALE, WILLIAM England, Water Clock, 1700 = CAS. modern work from Birmingham. London. RSW.
CALEHOF see Kalthoff. Dewhirst.
CALL 1 England, MIM Set of Drawing Instruments = Phillips 10/5/76. surely misreading for "Cail." Newcastle-on-Tyne. RSW.
CALL 2 see Bemis and Call Co.
CALL, JAN BACHER VAN Holland, fl.1644-67, MIM PHIM Nocturnal, 1647 = OXF. made sundials, clocks, pumps, etc; Zinner listed him as "Johan Bacher Van Call." Batenburg; Nijmegen. Rooseboom 1; Zinner 1; Gunther 2; Michel 3.
CALL, JAN BECKER see Jan Bacher van Call. Rooseboom 1.
CALL, JAN VAN Holland, MIM PHIM see Jan Bacher van Call. Batenburg; Nijmegen. Rooseboom 1; Gunther 2; Zinner 1.
CALLAGHAN 1 England, c.1840, NIM OIM Hadley Quadrant = PEA; Telescope, refracting = Soth.-S 7/23/87. 45 Great Russell Street, London. Brewington 1; RSW.
CALLAGHAN 2 England, c.1860, OIM PHIM Barometer = X; Barograph = Christie-SK 2/9/79; Telescopes = FRK-T42, Phillips 2/14/79; Spyglass = Christie 2/12/72. barometer signed "Callaghan." 23a New Bond Street, corner of Conduit Street, London. Goodison 1; Frank; RSW.
CALLAGHAN AND CO. England, c.1850, PHIM Aneroid Barometer = Christie-SK 4/17/86. RSW.
CALLAGHAN, W. England, c.1850, MIM may be the same as Callaghan 1. 45 Great Russell Street, Bloomsbury, London. G.L'E. Turner 24.
CALLCOTT, JOHN England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Cotton. Goodison 1.
CALLENDER, J. England, c.1820, OIM made a sea-telescope and stand. 19 Plough Court, Fetter Lane, London. Taylor 2(1501).
CALLENDER, JOSEPH USA, 1751-1821, Compass Cards = D, Eldred 10/11/75. apprentice of Paul Revere; engraved compass cards for T.S. Bowles, Gedney King, Samuel Emery, D. Pearson, Newell and Son, etc. Boston, Mass. Brewington 1; Moskowitz 103; Bedini 8; Rudd; Warner 12; RSW.
CALLICUM, W. England, 1598, NIM Quadrant, 1598 = D.(1965?) = Soth. 6/8/70. RSW.
CALLOW, JOHN England, fl.1797-1808, MIM NIM also made compasses and dog collars. Ashted Row (1797); 31 Ashted Row (1801-08); both in Birmingham. Bryden 9.
CALLOW, MARY ANN England, c.1818, MIM NIM also made compasses and dog collars; probably the widow of John Callow. Steelhouse Lane, Birmingham. Bryden 9.
CALLOW, R. England, c.1750, MIM Ring Sundial = WHI. Bryden 16.
CALOMBO, LEONIDE USA, c.1867, PHIM New York, N.Y. D.J. Warner 5.
CALONNE France, c.1750, MIM Architect's Etui with Instruments = Versailles 5/6/79. Paris. RSW.
CALTENBACK, FULLER AND CO. England, c.1850?, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie-SK 1/22/87. 77 Blackman Street, Borough, London. Bell 2; RSW.
CALTHOFF see Kalthoff. Rooseboom 1.
CALTIN, B. 1728, MIM Astronomical Clock and Sundial, 1728 = MADEX-16A = Strauss Coll. = NMM. MADEX; NMM 2.
CALVI, DR. CARMELUS Italy, 1755, MIM SIM Circumferentor, 1755 = Stucker, 1958. maker. RSW.
CAM France, 19th Century, MIM Equatorial Sundial = Christie-SK 9/11/86. Rue de la Paix, 24, Paris. RSW.
CAM, J. England, OIM Telescope = FRK-T133. London. Frank.
CAMBON, BALTZER 1642, MIM Astrolabe, cardboard, 1642 = LUN. ICA-613. Price 1; Zinner 1; ICA 2.
CAMDEN, WILLIAM England, c.1710, MIM Sundial inside lid of watch = OXF. Weldon Coll. London. RSW.
CAMENADE, CAREL ANTHONIJ Italy; Holland, 1761-1809, MIM PHIM made barometers and calipers. Milan; Delft. Rooseboom 1; Daumas 1.
CAMERON AND BLAKENEY Scotland, fl.1853-60, MIM NIM PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth. 10/22/87; Sympiesometer = Soth 12/5/72; Wheel Barometer = Christie-SK 1/12/83; Octant = NMM; Telescope = FRK = RSM; Azimuth Dial = FRK = RSM. Paul Cameron and John Blakeney. Glasgow. Clarke et al; RSW.
CAMERON, ALEXANDER Scotland, fl.1818-48, NIM Octant, with case = Christie 2/8/66-2 = FRK = RSM. watch and clockmaker; probably only a dealer. High Street (1818-24); Overgate (1829-48); both in Dundee. Frank; Bryden 3; Clarke et al.
CAMERON, J.R. England, fl.1840-52, NIM PHIM Marine Barometer = Jared Coffin House, Nantucket, Mass.; Tell-Tale Compass = PEA; Sextants = PEA, Koller June, 1967, Soth. 12/19/66-10. T.C. in case for Chrichton octant (1852) in Kelton Coll. (1990); octant was made for A. Dobbie. 54 South Castle Street; 14 South Castle Street near the Customs House (1852); both in Liverpool. Brewington 1; Calvert 2; USNM; Clarke et al; RSW.
CAMERON, PAUL Scotland, 1814-70, MIM OIM PHIM Compass Card = NMM. author, 1848; took John Blakeney as his partner, 1853-60; firm became Paul Cameron and Co., 1861-64, 1866-69; firm was Houston and Cameron in 1865; exhibited at the London Exhibition of 1851. 87 London Street, Glasgow (1851-54). Bryden 3; Clarke et al.
CAMERON, PAUL, AND CO. Scotland, fl.1861-69, MIM NIM PHIM interrupted in 1865 when firm's name was Houston and Cameron. 11 and 19 Howard Street (1861-64); 25 Howard Street (1866-67); 2 York Place (1868); 178 Broomielaw (1869); all in Glasgow. Clarke et al.
CAMILLUS Italy, 1554, MIM Armillary Sphere = VAA. could be Camillus Vulparia? Florence. Grimaldi (706).
CAMINADA Italy; Holland, c.1790, PHIM made barometers; glass blower. Daumas 1.
CAMINADA GEBR. Holland, c.1850, MIM Linear Dividing Machine = P.C. (1973); Dividing Circle = P.C. (1973). Rotterdam. RSW.
CAMINADA, J. Holland, fl.1820-61, MIM PHIM made barometers and calipers. Delft. Rooseboom 1.
CAMINADA, L. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Manchester. Goodison 1.
CAMINADA, P. England, c.1820, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(4), Soth.-S 1/10/90; Barometer = Soth. 7/3/70. Taunton. Goodison 1; RSW.
CAMMACK see Foster and Cammack. RSW.
CAMMENADE, CAEL ANTHONY see Carel Anthonij Camenade.
CAMOTTA, MRS. ANN England, c.1860, PHIM made barometers; probably widow of Richard Camotta. 14 Bull Green, Halifax. Goodison 1.
CAMOTTA, RICHARD England, fl.1830-41, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. signed "Camotta Halifax." 14 Bull Close (1830); 12 Bull Green (1841); both in Halifax. Goodison 1.
CAMOZZI, CHARLES England, fl.1830-52, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(3). all signed "C. Camozzi Bicester"; succeeded by his widow, Eleanor Camozzi, in 1852. Market End (1830); Market Place (1832-50); both in Bicester. Goodison 1.
CAMOZZI, ELEANOR England, 1852, PHIM succeeded her husband, Charles Camozzi, in 1852; barometer maker or dealer. Bicester. Goodison 1.
CAMP, ALB. U.D. Holland, c.1742, NIM Alb. u.d. Camp; compass maker. Buitenkant, Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
CAMPANI, GIOVANNI Italy, see Giuseppe Campani. Baillie 1.
CAMPANI, GIUSEPPE Italy, 1620-96, OIM a renowned maker of telescopes and microscopes; his work is found in many museums, including KEN, KAS, NAC, POB (2)(1673), FLO, Zeiss Jena (1696) etc.; dated examples range from 1669-1696; brother of Matteo Campani; author; clockmaker. Spoleto; Rome. Bonelli 1 and 4; Morpurgo 1; Daumas 1; Nachet; Paris 1900; Gunther 2; Italian Inventory; Purtle; Trois Siècles; Bryden 11; Drechsler 2; Bedini 11; DSB; Clay and Court; A.J. Turner 10.
CAMPANI, MATTEO Italy, fl.1660-80, MIM brother of Giuseppe Campani; made clocks and watches; author; devised instruments for his brother. Rome. Daumas 1; Nachet; Morpurgo 1; Baillie 1; Britten; Zeitlin No. 214; Michel 3; Bedini 11 and 14.
CAMPBELL 1 England, PHIM Marine Barometer = D.(1989), Cardoza Auction 8/26/89. see John Campbell 2. Liverpool. RSW.
CAMPBELL 2 Germany, NIM Compass Rose = HAM. Hamburg. Schück 2.
CAMPBELL, CHARLES USA?, 1798, MIM Astronomical Clock, 1798 = X. USNM.
CAMPBELL, J. 1 England, c.1850, NIM Octant = LIM. Liverpool. RSW.
CAMPBELL, J. 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Gatehouse (York?). Goodison 1.
CAMPBELL, JOHN 1 England, 1720-90, improved Hadley' quadrant; devised a sextant; Vice-Admiral in the Royal Navy. Taylor 2(335); Brewington 1.
CAMPBELL, JOHN 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. see Campbell 1 and J. Campbell 1. 6 South Castle Street, Liverpool. Goodison 1; RSW.
CAMPBELL, W., AND CO. Germany, NIM Sextant = X. see Campbell 2. Hamburg. Dewhirst; RSW.
CAMPI, GIO. BATTA Italy, c.1750, OIM T.C.; optician. Genoa. Calvert 2; KEN.
CAMPI, JOHN England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Wolverhampton. Goodison 1.
CAMPINI, JEAN-JUSTIN Italy, 1639-98, OIM lens maker; designed microscopes; author; nom de plume was Carlo di Napoli. Naples. Nachet; RSW.
CAMPIONE 1 England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Oxford. Goodison 1.
CAMPIONE 2 Scotland, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Christie 12/17/75. Christie signed "Campioni Edinburgh." Edinburgh. Goodison 1; RSW.
CAMPIONI Scotland, see Campione 2. RSW.
CAMPIONI AND CO. Scotland, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Edinburgh. Goodison 1.
CAMPONOVO, ANGELO England, c.1846, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2), Christie-SK 6/24/88. one X signed "Camponovo Summers Town, Oxon."; the other X and Christie-SK signed "Camponovo Oxford." St. Thomas's Parish, Oxford. Goodison 1; RSW.
CANBY, J., AND SON England, 19th Century, OIM Telescope = Christie-SK 11/27/86. South Castle Street, Liverpool. RSW.
CANISIUS, DANIEL Holland, 18th Century, NIM Reflecting Circle = AMST. Daniél Canisius; owner? Rotterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 1 and 2; RSW.
CANIVET, JACQUES France, fl.1743-74, MIM OIM SIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums, including ADL; dated ones range from 1750-72. nephew, pupil of, and successor to Claude Langlois; "Ingénieur du Roi" and "Ingénieur en Instruments de Mathématique de Messieurs de l'Académie Royale des Sciences" (1756-74); Master of the "Corporation des fondeurs, 1743; took over Jean-Baptiste Lordelle's shop sign; took apprentices; made many instruments for Courtanvaux; succeeded by Lennel. Place de la Marché Neuf (1743); à la Sphère, Quai de l'Horloge (1747); both on the Ile de la Cité, Paris. Daumas 1; Brieux 3; Courtanvaux; Trois Siècles; Wynter and Turner; Coffeen 14; Michel 3; J.A. Bennett 2; Bryden 16; ADL; Augarde; RSW.
CANNON, F.W. England, see W.F. Cannon. RSW.
CANNON, W. England, c.1820-40, PHIM Wheel Barometer = D.(1980). surely W.F. Cannon. Shadwell. RSW.
CANNON, W.F. England, c.1850, NIM Sextants = Christie-SK 4/17/86, Soth. 10/28/86, MYS, Seamans Institute, New York; Marine Compass = OMM; Octants, ebony = Pugsley Sale, Christie-SK 2/9/84. compass and octant signed "W.F. Canon"; Institute sextant signed "W.K. Cannon"; surely the same man. 177 Shadwell; 175 High Street, Shadwell; both in London. USNM; RSW.
CANOVA, PETER England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Halesworth. Goodison 1.
CANTI, C.A. 1 England, c.1830, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Phillips 10/26/83, Soth. 4/28/88. X has first address; Phillips has the other and may be for C.A. Canti 2. Malling, Kent; 16 Brooke Street, Holborn (London). Goodison 1; RSW.
CANTI, C.A. 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Soth. 2/4/77. X signed "C.A. Canti, Jr." 59 Shoe Lane, Holborn, London. Goodison 1; RSW.
CANTI, C.A., AND SON England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. 16 Brooke Street, Holborn (London). Goodison 1.
CANTI, E. England, c.1775, PHIM Barometer = Christie 2/19/70. Town Malling, Kent. RSW.
CANTLEY England, c.1726, MIM sundial maker; taught James Ferguson the art. Earle.
CANTON, J. England, 1753, PHIM Electroscope, 1753 = DEU. London. Wheatland 2.
CANTONI, B. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 2/19/87. "Warranted." Horsham. RSW.
CANTY, C.A. see C.A. Canti 2. London. RSW.
CANTZLER Germany, c.1790, MIM Kantzler? Daumas 1.
CANVA, FRANCISCO ANTON Spain, NIM Marine Compass = ROM. Barcelona. Price 2.
CANZ, GIOVANNI Italy, MIM Sandglass = TRE; Marine Compass = TRE. Trieste. RSW.
CANZIUS, JACOB HENDRIK ONDERDEWYNGAART see Onderdewyngaart Canzius. Mörzer Bruyns 2; Rooseboom 1; Brieux 2; Crommelin 1; Multhauf 1; KEN; Daumas 1; Clay and Court; Nachet.
CAPADORA, D. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer with Thermometer = Soth. 6/6/75. may be variant spelling for "Capoduro." Cirencester. RSW.
CAPADURO England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Deal. Goodison 1.
CAPADURO, DOMENICO England, c.1830, OIM Lombard Street, Margate. Taylor 2(1793).
CAPELLA, J. England, c.1780, PHIM Wheel Barometer = D.(1975). Coventry. RSW.
CAPELLA, L. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. could be L. Casella. Goodison 1; RSW.
CAPELLA, MICHAEL England, c.1854, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. signed "M. Capella" with address. 53 Edgbaston Street, Birmingham. Goodison 1.
CAPELLI England, PHIM made barometers; see Stringa and Capelli. Newport. Goodison 1.
CAPI France, pre-1782, PHIM Barometer = COR. Paris. Courtanvaux.
CAPILUPI, GIULIO Italy, 1609, MIM Astronomical Compendium, 1609 = P.C. designed a universal sundial; author. Mantua. Morpurgo 1; RSW.
CAPO, ANTHONY Ireland, fl.1819-54, OIM PHIM Barometer, 1819 = X. spelled "Cappo" from 1839 on; optician. 154 Millfield (1819-20); 164 Millfield 1839-40); 168 Millfield (1843-46); 160 Millfield (1850-54); all in Belfast. G. Fennell; Morrison-Low and Burnett.
CAPPI, WILLIAM England, fl.1844-50, PHIM barometer and thermometer maker. 11 Bakers Row, Clerkenwell, London. Goodison 1; Dewhirst.
CAPPO, JOSEPH 1 Ireland, fl.1835-80, PHIM weather-glass maker; philosophical and chemical instrument maker; may be related to and successor to Anthony Cappo. 168 Millfield (1835); 202 North Street (1839); 164 Millfield (1840); 147 Millfield (1856); 24 Portland Street (1858); 14 Portland Street (1860-61); 5 Portland Place (1863-80); all in Belfast. Morrison-Low and Burnett.
CAPPO, JOSEPH 2 Scotland, fl.1847-53, PHIM made hydrometers. Buchanan Court, 75 Argyll Street (1847-52); 404 Parliamentary Road (1853); both in Glasgow. Bryden 3.
CAPPO, JOSHUA Ireland, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Belfast. Morrison-Low and Burnett.
CAPPY France, 1767-80, PHIM Thermometers = CNAM; Barometers = CNAM. Rue et Place Royale, Paris. Daumas 1.
CAPPY ET MOSSY France, fl.1768-80, PHIM Aerometer = CNAM; Thermometer = CNAM; Barometer = D.(1970); Weather Instrument = D.(1970). Rue et Place Royale, Paris. Daumas 1.
CAPPY ET NEVEU France, 1776, PHIM Thermometer, 1776 = CNAM. Rue et Place Royale, Paris. Daumas 1.
CAPRA, ALLESSANDRO Italy, c.1678, invented a hodometer. Bologna. Morpurgo 1; Weil 2.
CAPRA, BALDASSAR Italy, c.1580-1626, claimed to have been making sectors for six years in 1607. Milan. Daumas 1; DSB; Gunther 2.
CAPRANI, G., AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Norwich. Goodison 1.
CAPRANI, L. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Leicester. Goodison 1.
CAPUCCINI, NETO Italy, 1812, MIM Sundial, 1812 = P.C. USNM; RSW.
CAR. PL. see Carolus Platus. Michel 3.
CARACIA, C. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Edenbridge. Goodison 1.
CARACIA, JOSEPH England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Christie 1/26/90. Edenbridge, Kent. Goodison 1; RSW.
CARAFA, GIOVANNI Italy, c.1550, MIM globe maker. Rome? Globus, Dec., 1956.
CARCANI variant spelling for "Carcany", which see. RSW.
CARCANO France, Carcanô; see Carcany.
CARCANY France, c.1775, PHIM Wheel Barometers = D.(1973), BEK; Barometers = P-B 3/18/39, Koller Nov. 1968; Stick Barometer = Soth. 6/4/92. P-B signed "Carcanô"; Koller signed "Carcani"; Soth signed "Carcano." Place Dauphine No. 2, Paris. RSW.
CARD, CHARLES England, fl.1785-1820, MIM apprenticed to Robert Tangate 1 in the Joiners' Company on Sept. 3, 1776; free in the Company, Nov. 1, 1785; took apprentices. Martlett Court, Bow Street, Covent Gardens (1786); 10 Rolls Building, Fetter Lane (1788-20); both in London. Crawforth 7.
CARDAN England, c.1600, MIM Gunther 2.
CARE Italy, 1778, MIM Quadrant, 1778 = X. Venice. Daumas 1; Nachet; Hamilton 2.
CAREY misreading for Cary.
CAREY, J. AND W. England, misreadimg for J. and W. Cary. Soth.-Wilkinson and Hodge 11/28/24.
CARGRAVE England, 1778, MIM Wall Sundial, 1778 = Leyburn, Yorks. also signed "J.B."; full name may be "J.B. Cargrave." RSW.
CARINALLI, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Gloucester. Goodison 1.
CARIOLI, A. England, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Christie-SK 4/17/86, 10/20/89. Whitby. Goodison 1; RSW.
CARITAT, H. USA, c.1799, MIM astronomical instrument maker? 153 Broadway, New York. Bedini 1.
CARK, PAUL MIM SIM Graphometer = ZUR. Zinner 1.
CARLAW, DAVID Scotland, 1832-1907, MIM Drafting Protractor = Soth. 12/19/66-38 = FRK = RSM. apprenticed to Thomas Rankine Gardner in 1846; made instruments for Lord Kelvin. South Portland Street (1860); Sydney Court, 62 Argyle Street (1865-71); Havelock Buildings, 75 East Howard Street (1872-74); Ropewalk Lane (1875-97); Finnieston Street (1897-1907); all in Glasgow. Frank; House; Clarke et al; RSW.
CARLILL, JOHN England, c.1837, MIM NIM OIM Northside, Old Dock, Hull. Taylor 2(2093).
CARLL, JOHANN Germany, 1587-1665, MIM Bow Compass = NUR WI-1532. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Lunardi; RSW.
CARLO DI NAPOLI see Jean-Justin Ciampini. Nachet.
CARLO, CRINDEL misreading for Carlo Grindel. Czech. Inventory.
CARMAN England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. London. Goodison 1.
CARNIVET see Canivet. Evans 1; RSW.
CARNOVA, P. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Charlesworth. Goodison 1.
CAROANI France, c.1780, PHIM Barometer = Koller Oct. 1969. Rue et Faubourg St. Antoine, Paris. RSW.
CAROCHE, C. France, c.1792, OIM made a twenty-two-foot telescope; may be "Carochez." USNM.
CAROCHET France, see Carochez. Nachet.
CAROCHEZ, NOEL-SIMON France, fl.1767-1813, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Folding Square = P.C.; Graphometer = Chayette 6/28/86; Telescope = Prin Coll; Angle Barometer = D.(1988). Noël-Simon Carochez; apprenticed to P. Vallée, 1759; turned over to Berin de la Croix, 1761; Master in the "Corporation des fondeurs"; "Ingénieur du Roi"; "Opticien de Monsieur"; inventoried Passsement's estate, 1769; made achromatic lenses and physical instruments, etc. Le Pont Nôtre Dame, côte de Saint-Denys-de-la-Chartre (1769); Rue de la Pelleterie (1774); Quai de l'Horloge (1789);last two on the Ile de la Cité; Place de Cambrai (1792); Place de Grève, près l'Hôtel de Ville (no date); all in Paris. Augarde; Daumas 1; Nachet.
CAROCHEZ, VEUVE France, MIM Sector = Drouot 4/26/67-71. Paris. RSW.
CARON, VEUVE France, c.1770-72, OIM Quai de l'Horloge, Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet.
CARONCHEZ France, 18th Century, MIM Square = P. and S. 3/8/1895. probably Carochez. Paris. RSW.
CARONNI France, PHIM made wheel barometers. Rue de Faubourg St. Antoine, à côte de la fontaine de la rue Charone, Paris. ?
CAROUCHER France, MIM Square = Evans Coll. probably Carochez. Paris. Evans 1.
CARPANTIER, J. France, 19th Century, MIM Level = A-P 3/15/76. possibly a misreading of J. Carpentier. Paris. RSW.
CARPENTER England, OIM Microscopes = Christie-SK 5/10/77; Soth.-S 7/23/87. made an improved compound folding microscope; surely Philip Carpenter. 24 Regent [Street], London. RSW.
CARPENTER AND WESTLEY England, fl.1835-1900+, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Barometers = X, KEN, OXF, D.(1972); Octant with telescopic sights = P.C.; Opera Glasses = WHI; Microscopes = BIL, Soth. 12/8/69, 2/8/83 and 10/3/88; Telescope = Soth. 12/13/65; Level = P. and S. 4/21/1898; Sector, Rule with Protractor, Parallel Rule, ivory = D.(1984). Philip Carpenter; dealt also in globes; T.C. 111 New Street, Birmingham (1835); 24 Regent Street (1838); 21 Regent Street; both in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1795); Calvert 2; Dewhirst; Whipple 1; Purtle; Moskowitz 108; Coffeen B; G.L'E. Turner 24; Crawforth 1 & 6; Middleton 1; RSW.
CARPENTER, PHILIP England, fl.1817-38, MIM OIM Compass = WHI; Spy Glass = Susquehanna County Historical Society, Pa.; Microscopes = KEN, P.C.(3), WHI, Christie 12/17/75, Soth. 3/25/86, D.(1995); Telescope, 7-draw = D. (1997). optician; made Brewster's kaleidoscope; T.C.; see Carpenter and Westley; the London shop was called "Microcosm"; D. signed "Carpenter's Improved Microscope for Opake and transparent Objects, 24 Regent Street, London." Bath Row (1817); 111 New Street (1824); 33 Navigation Street (1829); all in Birmingham; 24 Regent Street, London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1794); KEN; Calvert 2; USNM; Gunther 2; Whipple 1; Moskowitz 108; Bryden 9; Crawforth 1; Coffeen 58; RSW.
CARPENTER, THOMAS England, c.1830, NIM compass maker. New Canal Street, Birmingham. Taylor 2(1794).
CARPENTER, WILLIAM England, c.1808, OIM optician. Inge Street, Birmingham. Bryden 9.
CARPENTIER, J. France, c.1877, PHIM Galvanometer = D. succeeded Ruhmkorff at his death. Paris. G.L'E. Turner 24; Brieux 1.
CARPENTIERE, ANDRIES France, c.1750, MIM garden sundial at Dunham Massey attributed to him. RSW.
CARR, GRIFFITH England, c.1718, apprenticed to Thomas Cooke 2 in the Joiners' Company in 1718. Crawforth 7.
CARR, H. England, MIM Horary Quadrant, wood = Newcastle Science and Engineering Museum. RSW.
CARR, JOHN England, c.1823, devised way to increase field of view of telescopes. Bristol. Taylor 2(1503).
CARRARESI, GIOVANNI Italy, fl.1851-54, PHIM made electrical apparatus. Florence. Brenni 1.
CARRE, E. Germany, c.1840, PHIM Electrostatic Apparatus = D. E. Carré. Brieux 3.
CARRE, PAUL France, 1652, NIM Holland Circle, 1652 = OXF. Paul Carré; punchmark is a heart pierced by an arrow. Paris. Maison Française.
CARREW, JOHN WILLIAM England, fl.1836-58, MIM PHIM Taylor thought he was John Carrew. 18 Wapping Lane (1836-40); 13 Wapping Lane (1842-58); both in London. O'Mara; Taylor 2(2094).
CARRIEU France, c.1840, MIM SIM Surveying Circle = D.(1986). "Ecole de chalons." Coffeen 13.
CARROCHEZ see Carochez. Daumas 1.
CARROLL, NICHOLAS England, 1842, MIM Sundial, slate, 1842 = P.C. Rattoo. RSW.
CARRON, JEAN FRANCOIS France, 1787, MIM Mathematical Instrument Set, 1787 = MADEX-473. Jean François Carron. MADEX.
CARRY see Cary. Daumas 1; Brieux 3.
CARSARTELLY England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. probably variant of "Casartelli." Goodison 1.
CARSATELLI England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. probably a variant of "Casartelli." Goodison 1.
CARTA, GEORGE England, fl.1839=52, OIM PHIM optician; barometer maker. 252 High Street, Exeter. Goodison 1.
CARTAILIER France, MIM SIM Graphometers = PSH, Soth. 11/13/61 = D.(1965), Ineichen 6/7/75, 10/20/75. some may be same instrument. Avignon. Paris 1900; RSW.
CARTARIUS see Mario Cartaro.
CARTARO, MARIO Italy, fl.1560-91, MIM Celestial Globes, 1577 = ROM(2), FLO; Terrestrial Globe, 1577 = ROM. also signed as "Cartarius." Viterbo; Rome; Naples. Bonelli 4; Michel 3; Italian Inventory; Globus, Dec. 1956; Tooley 1; Bedini 12.
CARTE, JOHN England, fl.1695-1703, MIM Altitude Sundials with perpetual calendars = OXF; KEN. member of the Clockmakers' Company; author; advertised a "Great Geographical Clock." Coventry; Dial and Crown near Essex Street, Strand; Lombard Street (1696); Garden Court, Middle Temple; all in London. Taylor 1(495); Dewhirst; Britten; Gunther 2 and 6; Michel 3.
CARTER Englandc.1740, PHIM Barometer = D.(1968). Ripon. RSW.
CARTER, FREDK. England, c.1800, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth. 12/15/72. Hart Street, Bloomsbury, London. RSW.
CARTER, G. England, c.1830, OIM Refracting Telescope = Bearne's 2/17/92. with stand and case. Exeter. RSW.
CARTER, HENRY England, fl.pre-1717 to post-1724, MIM took Anthony Lamb, his nephew?, as an apprentice, 1717-24. near St. Clement's Church, Strand, London. Taylor 2(154a); Baber; Smart 1; Bedini 7.
CARTER, J. England, 19th Century, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth. 5/14/87. 61 Cornhill (London). RSW.
CARTER, N. England, c.1830, PHIM Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 4/7/86. Salisbury. RSW.
CARTER, THOMAS England, fl.1784-1811, made instrument cases. Crawforth 1.
CARTILLA, CARMELO Italy, 1720, MIM Armillary Sphere, 1720 = ROM. Turin. Michel 3; Tooley; Globus, Dec. 1956.
CARTLAND, GEORGE Ireland, 1824, OIM optician. 8 Rosemary Street, Dublin. Morrison-Low and Burnett.
CARTON, WILLIAM England, c.1721, free in the Joiners' Company in 1721; took apprentices. London. Crawforth 7.
CARTWRIGHT AND SON England, c.1840, OIM PHIM Stick Barometer with Thermometer = Soth.-Bearne 4/4/78. see C. Cartwright and Son. Preston. RSW.
CARTWRIGHT, C., AND SON England, c.1840, OIM PHIM Student's Microscope = Soth. 6/8/70. Preston. RSW.
CARUGHI England, see Gugeri and Carughi.
CARUGHI, PAUL England, fl.1839-60, PHIM Wheel Barometers = D.(1976), Phillips-Leeds 12/16/87. also made thermometers; see Gugeri and Carughi; see Paul Carughi and Co.; Phillips-Leeds signed "P. Carughi, High Holborn." 15 Brook Street (1839); 128 Holborn (1841-43); 16 Charles Street, Hatton Garden (1844-45); 38 Brook Street (1846-47); 139 High Holborn (1852-60); all in London. Goodison 1; RSW.
CARUGHI, PAUL, AND CO. England, pre-1846, PHIM barometer and thermometer makers. London. Dewhirst.
CARVALHO DA COSTA, ANTONIO Portugal, 1650-1714, designed a mariner's astrolabe. Lisbon. Weil 2(25).
CARVER see Baker, Carver and Morrell. RSW.
CARVER, ISAAC England, fl.1667-1728, MIM Sectors, ivory = KEN (1683), P.C. (1704); Everard-type Slide Rules = P.C. (1686), OXF (1688), KEN (1689); Level, 1696 = GEL; Goniometer, 1696 = GEL; Slide Rules = KEN (1700, 1713), OXF, Soth. 7/15/63; Triangular Sector, 1704 = D.(1975); Globe Sundial, 1708 = X; Log Slide Rule, wood, 1710 = P.C.; Drawing Instrument = GEL. author, 1687; T.C.; watchmaker; admitted as a Brother to the Clockmakers' Company in 1668; took apprentices. Sign of the Globe Dial, Horseley Down, Southwark, London, (1696-1728). Taylor 1(313); Wynter 1; Wynter and Turner; Dewhirst; Calvert 2; Gunther 2; Clay and Court; Evans 1; Baillie 1; Maistrov 3; Novokshanova-Soklovskaja; KEN; Crawforth 1; J. Brown 1 & 3; A.J. Turner 10; Delehar 9; RSW
CARVER, JACOB England, c.1715, MIM son of Isaac Carver; T.C.; made slide rules and gauges. Globe Dial, Horseleydown, Southwark; Atlas and Quadrant, near Cherry-Garden Stairs on Rotherhith Wall; both in London. Taylor 2(33); Calvert 2; Clay and Court; KEN; Daumas 1.
CARVER, SAMUEL misprint for Jacob Carver in Index. Daumas 1.
CARWARDINE, PHILIP England, c.1674, OIM member of the Spectaclemakers' Company. London. Crawforth 6.
CARY 1 England, 1783-1859, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums, including barometers, globes, sextants, microscopes, theodolites, etc. family of instrument makers; it is difficult to distinguish between the work of John (1), John (2), William, George (1), or George (2) Cary. 181 Strand; 272 Strand (1786-91); both in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(810, 935, 1290); Wynter 1; Coffeen C; Gunther 2 and 6; Moskowitz 103; Whipple 1; Price 3; Ward 4; Pipping 2; Yonge; RSW.
CARY 2 England, c.1810, PHIM Marine Barometer = VNN. Andrew Cary. London. RSW.
CARY AND CO. England, fl.1856-1900+, MIM OIM T.C.; established in 1765; last owned by Henry Porter; "late of 181 Strand, London, W.C." 7 Pall Mall, two doors east from Waterloo Place, London, S.W. Calvert 2; Moskowitz 132.
CARY'S England, 1811, MIM Terrestrial Globe, miniature, 1811 = ADL-W56. made by one of the Carys. RSW.
CARY, ANDREW see Cary 2. RSW.
CARY, FRANCIS England, 1756-1836, MIM brother of John (1), George (1), and William Cary; globemaker. London. Yonge.
CARY, G. AND L. England, misreading for George (20) and John (2) Cary. Chenekal 3.
CARY, GEORGE (2) AND JOHN (2) England, fl.1821-53, MIM SIM Pairs of Globes = MLL, Soth. 2/25/86; Terrestrial Globes = Soth. 9/20/83 (1821), USNM(2) (1828), USNM(2) (1838). brothers; George Cary 2 and John Cary 2; succeeded their uncle William Cary, in 1825 and their father, John Cary 1, in 1831; usually signed "G. and J. Cary." 86 St. James's ; 181 Strand (1825-56); both in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(695, 810, 1290); Chenekal 3; KEN; USNM; Moskowitz 103; Yonge; RSW.
CARY, GEORGE 1 England, d.1830, MIM brother of John (1), Francis and William Cary; globemaker. London. Yonge.
CARY, GEORGE 2 England, fl.1821-59, MIM NIM OIM son of John Cary 1; brother of John Cary 2; see George (2) and John (2) Cary; globe maker; succeeded by George Frederick Cruchley. 86 St. James's; 181 Strand; both in London. Taylor 2(1290); KEN; Yonge.
CARY, J. AND C. misreading for J. and W. Cary. USNM.
CARY, J. AND W. England, fl.1780-1828, MIM NIM makers of globes and nautical instruments, their work is found in many museums. John (1) and William Cary; brothers, and father and uncle, respectively, to John (2) and George (2) Cary. 181 Strand (1780); 272 Strand (to 1820); both in London. Taylor 2(695 and 810); USNM; Chenekal 1; KEN; Catalogus der Bibliotheek; Goodison 1; RSW.
CARY, JOHN 1 England, 1754-1835 fl.1783-1831, MIM NIM globe and map maker; worked with his brothers, William Cary and George Cary 1; retired in 1831; father of George (2) and John (2) Cary; see J. and W. Cary. 181 Arundel Street, Strand (1783); 181 Strand (1792); 85/6 St. James's Street (1821); all in London. Taylor 2(695); KEN; Price 3; Ward 4; Yonge.
CARY, JOHN 2 England, fl.1791-1853, MIM globe maker; worked with his brother, George (2), as G. and J. Cary; son of John Cary 1. 86 St. James's; 181 Strand; both in London. Taylor 2(1290); Moskowitz 103; KEN; Yonge.
CARY, W. AND J. England, c.1822, MIM Terrestrial (1815) and Celestial (1822) Globes on clock = Town Museum, Oslo. William and John (1) Cary; clock by James Shearer. 272 The Strand, London (1786). RSW.
CARY, WILLIAM England, 1759-1825, MIM NIM OIM Terrestrial Globe = Custis-Lee Mansion, Arlington, Va.; Slide Rule for currency conversion, wood and paper, 1815 = OXF; Stand for Astronomical Sextant = CMY; Microscope = CMY; Meridian Telescope = DRE; Slide Rule, chemical = P.C. apprenticed to Jesse Ramsden; worked with older brother, John Cary 1, 1786; T.C.; worked alone from 1789; the name of the shop continued as William Cary until 1891; also brother of George (1) and Francis Cary. 272 Strand (1786); No.182 Strand near Norfolk Street (1794); 181 Strand (1794-1825); all in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(810); Maddison 1; Dewhirst; Gunther 2; Clay and Court; Wheatland 1; Daumas 1; USNM; Moskowitz 103; Pipping 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; Crawforth 1 & 6; J.A. Bennett 2; Delehar 9; RSW; Yonge.
CARZATELLI France, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Longleat House, Wilts. à la Tour d'Argent, rue et Faubourg St. Antoine, Paris. RSW.
CAS. BU. see Caspar Buschmann 1. Michel 2; Bobinger 2; Engelmann 1; RSW.
CASA, C. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
CASARETELLI England, probaly the same as Casartelli. Goodison 1.
CASARTELLI 1 England, MIM PHIM Anemometer = P.C.; Level = Phillips 10/5/76. mining instrument maker; could be Joseph or Lewis (2) Casartelli. Manchester. RSW.
CASARTELLI 2 England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. similar to one by Charles Molliner. Goodison 1.
CASARTELLI 3 England, c.1847, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. could be Anthony or Joseph Casartelli. Liverpool. Goodison 1.
CASARTELLI 4 England, PHIM Stick Barometers = X, Soth. 5/1/86. London. Goodison 1; RSW.
CASARTELLI, A. 1 England, c.1850, PHIM Stick Barometer = VNN; Wheel Barometer = X. may be Anthony Casartelli 1 or 2. Duke Street, Liverpool. Goodison 1; RSW.
CASARTELLI, A. 2 Ireland, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. 2 Fade Street, Dublin. Goodison 1.
CASARTELLI, ANTHONY (1) AND JOSEPH England, fl.1845-49, OIM PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Soth.-West Sussex 12/13/83; Marine Barometers = X(2), Soth. 6/6/75; Telescope = Christie-SK 4/17/86; Stick Barometer = Soth. 7/19/88. instruments signed "A. and J. Casartelli"; opticians. 20 Duke Street, Liverpool. Goodison 1; RSW.
CASARTELLI, ANTHONY 1 England, 1802-59, PHIM optician; made barometers and thermometers; Antonio Giovanni Casartelli; worked from 1845-59. 20 Duke Street, Liverpool. Goodison 1; Moskowitz 105.
CASARTELLI, ANTHONY 2 England, 1830-81, PHIM Giovanni Antonio Santino Casartelli; worked with Anthony (1) and Joseph Casartelli; made barometers. 11 Castle Street, Liverpool. Goodison 1.
CASARTELLI, J., AND SON 1 England, MIM SIM Miner's Surveying Compasses = D.(1970), Christie-SK 4/17/86. surely Joseph L. Casartelli and Son. Manchester. RSW.
CASARTELLI, J., AND SON 2 England, OIM Microscope, simple = FRK-M331. Salford. Frank.
CASARTELLI, JOSEPH L. England, 1822-1900, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 7/21/83; Rolling Parallel Rule = D.(1972); Bubble Level = D.(1973); Surveying Instruments = Soth.-NY 2/23/79, RSM; Dickinson's Anemometer = Christie-SK 5/10/77; Miner's Surveying Compass = Phillips 2/2/84; Theodolite = Christie-SK 4/17/86; Mining Dial = P.C. (1987); Soho-type Slide Rule = P.C. barometer signed "J.L. Casartelli"; the rest signed "J. Casartelli"; Giuseppe Luigi Casartelli, great-nephew of Lewis Casartelli 1; worked with Anthony Casartelli 1, 1845-49, in Liverpool; succeeded to the business of his brothers-in-law, John B. and Joshua Ronchetti (2), in Manchester in 1851; T.C. 20 Duke Street, Liverpool (1845-49); 42 Market Street, Manchester (1851-on). Goodison 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; Moskowitz 105; Delehar 9; RSW.
CASARTELLI, LEWIS 1 England; Italy, 1784-1860 fl.1810-45, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Octant = GEP; Stick Barometer = Soth.-C 10/31/90. Luigi Antonio Casartelli; succeeded by his nephew and great-nephew, Anthony Casartelli 1 and Joseph L. Casartelli; retired to Italy in 1845; also made thermometers. 37 King Street (1820-32); 39 King Street (1821, 1824, 1826); 37/8 King Street (1823); 36 King Street (1827, 1829); 30 King Street (1832); 132 King Street (1834-43); 134 Duke Street (1834); 133 King Street (1834-37); 20 Duke Street (1835-43); all in Liverpool. Taylor 2(1505); Goodison 1; Moskowitz 105; Crawforth 6; RSW.
CASARTELLI, LEWIS 2 England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Market Street, Manchester. Goodison 1.
CASATI Italy, c.1800, PHIM made thermometers. Daumas 1.
CASATI, FRERES France, NIM Octant = LAS. Casati Frères. Marseilles. RSW.
CASATI, PIERRE France, c.1750, PHIM Thermometer of Lyons = KEN. Lyon. KEN.
CASBOIS, DOM France, c.1793, PHIM designed a new type of barometer tube. Metz. Middleton 1.
CASE Holland, c.1685, OIM made telescopes; optician. Amsterdam. Daumas 1; Huygens.
CASE, WILLIAM England, c.1827, MIM 22 Crown Street, Finsbury Square, London. Taylor 2(1506).
CASELLA England, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums. a firm that still exists today; originated with Louis Paschel Casella. London. Price 12; Whipple 1; Gunther 2; Moskowitz 105; RSW.
CASELLA AND CO. 1 England, post-1840, PHIM Lewis Casella; specialized in thermometers. Taylor 2(1796).
CASELLA AND CO. 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. probably Louis Casella and Co. London. Goodison 1; Moskowitz 105.
CASELLA AND TAGLIABUE England, fl.1846-48, PHIM Louis Casella and Caesar Tagliabue; barometer makers; succeeded Tagliabue and Casella; succeeded by Louis Casella and Co. 23 Hatton Garden, London. Goodison 1.
CASELLA, C.F., AND CO. LTD. England, c.1875, MIM Alidade = ADL-W165. London. ADL; RSW.
CASELLA, LEWIS Scotland; England, fl.1833-38, MIM PHIM Diptych Sundial, boxwood = WHI. marked "Sundial and Compass"; specialized in thermometers; later became Casella and Co. 1. London. Taylor 2(1796); Bryden 16; Morrison-Low.
CASELLA, LOUIS PASCHEL England, fl.1844-97, MIM NIM OIM PHIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums, including barometers, sextants, sundials, microscopes, etc. "Maker to the Admiralty"; "Maker to the Admiralty and Ordnance"; most instruments signed "Casella London" or "L. Casella London"; worked with Tagliabue from 1846-48. 23 Hatton Garden, London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1796); Brewington 1; Moskowitz 108; Middleton 4; Coffeen D; Pipping 1; Price 12; Whipple 1; Gunther 2; G.L'E. Turner 24; J.A. Bennett 2; Bryden 16; RSW.
CASELLA, LOUIS, AND CO. England, fl.1848-60, PHIM Wheel Barometer = D.(1983). barometer makers; succeeded Casella and Tagliabue; "Instruments Makers to the Admiralty and Government of America", 1856; "Instrument makers to the East India Co.and Board of Trade", 1860. 23 Hatton Garden, London. Goodison 1; RSW.
CASELLI, ANTONIUS Italy, c.1692, MIM Sectors = D.(1965), Musée Lombard, Geneva. the dealer's sector is signed "Antonius Caselli faciabat Luiz." Luiz. Brophy; RSW.
CASERTELLI England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. surely one of the Casartellis. Liverpool. Goodison 1.
CASHEE, R. misreading for Richard Cushee. Christie 10/31/67; Yonge.
CASS, DANIEL England, c.1798, MIM apprenticed to William Moris of the Grocers' Company on Oct. 2, 1794; turned over to John Fentiman, member of the Tiler and Bricklayers' Company on June 23, 1798. London. J. Brown 1.
CASSARD, ANDRE France, 1423, MIM Astrolabe Clock, 1423 = Saint-Etienne Church, Bourges. André Cassard; worked under the direction of Johanne Fusoris. Bourges. Gunther 1.
CASSAROTI England, PHIM see Bordoli and Cassaroti. Stampford. Goodison 1.
CASSEGRAIN, GUILLAUME France, c.1672, Sieur Guillaume Cassegrain; developed the type of reflecting telescope which carries his name. Chartres; Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet; H.C. King 1; L. Bell; DSB.
CASSELI Italy, MIM Military Compass = P.C. RSW.
CASSELLIS MIM Universal Ring Sun Dial = SWE. mathematics and optics professor. RSW.
CASSEVA, GENERA England, c.1830, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Phillips 10/26/83. Stourbridge. Taylor 2(1797); RSW.
CASSINI, GIAN DOMENICO Italy; France, 1625-1712, OIM Cassini I; first Director of the Paris Observatory, 1669-c.1710; repaired the meridian of Bologna in 1655; designed telescopes; author; made a 136-foot telescope; made an improvement to the barometer in 1673. Bologna; Paris. Nachet; Morpurgo 1; Daumas 1; Dewhirst; Middleton 1; DSB.
CASSINI, JACQUES France, 1677-1756, OIM Cassini II; directed the Paris Observatory from c.1710 to 1740; helped his father, Gian Domenico Cassini, in the restoration of the meridian of the Church of San Petronio in Bologna, in 1695. Paris. DSB.
CASSINI, JACQUES DOMINIQUE France1748-1845, OIM Cassini IV; director of the Paris Observatory from 1784 to 1793; attempted to have a seven-foot quadrant cast in one piece; The DSB says that his name was Jean Dominique Cassini. Daumas 1; DSB.
CASSINI, P. GIOVANNI MARIA, C.R.S. Italy, fl.1790-92, MIM Set of Celestial Gores, 1792 = ADL-A302; Pair of Globes = D.(1976); Celestial Globes, 1792 = ROM, etc.; Terrestrial Globes, 1790 = ROM, NMM, P.C., Bib. Mun., Ancona. ADL gores are for an 8.5 cm. globe. Rome. Bonelli 4; Daumas 1; Italian Inventory; NMM 2; Globus, Nov. 1954; ADL; RSW.
CASSON, GEORGE England, fl.1814-22, OIM George Terrace, Commercial Road, London. Taylor 2(1291).
CASSON, RUSSELL England, 1727, MIM Sundial, 1727 = X. Evans 1.
CASTEL, JACQUES THOMAS France, 1710-72, MIM Orrery Clock, 1763 = Christie 6/22/89; Analemmatic Sundial, 1769 = PMM; Sundial, 1769 = Lab. de Physique du Collège de France; Meridian Sundials = MADEX-176, 178 = PSH. secretary to the King, 1758-74; designed window sundial at Oxford, made by Baradelle; invented and made sundials giving true time. Rue Neuve Saint Roch (1758-71); Rue Neuve des Bons Enfants; both in Paris. Michel 1 and 3; Nachet; Paris 1900; MADEX; Gunther 6; RSW.
CASTELLA, L. England, MIM Compass, ivory = Christie 11/8/66-11. probably misreading for L. Casella. London. RSW.
CASTELLETTI, JOHN England, c.1841, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. barometer signed "John Casteleti." High Street, Leicester. Goodison 1.
CASTELLI, CARLO Italy, c.1800, devised philosophical instruments. Milan. Offenbacher 22, 1970.
CASTIGONE France, c.1831, OIM Opera Glass = WHI. Paris. Whipple 1.
CASTLEMAINE, EARL OF England, see Roger Palmer, Earl of Castlemaine. Bryden 11; Gunther 3; Taylor 1(402, 406).
CASWELL England, c.1690, devised a nocturnal, made by Prujean. Gunther 2.
CATAILIER France, see Cartailier. Ineichen, 1975.
CATALINI, SIMONE Italy, 1720, NIM Marine Compass, 1720 = GEP. Livorno. RSW.
CATELLI AND CO. 1 England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. may be C. Catelli and Co. or Catelli and Co. 2. Goodison 1.
CATELLI AND CO. 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Worcester. Goodison 1.
CATELLI, C., AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, D.(1976). D. is signed "Catelli and Co. Hereford." Hereford. Goodison 1; RSW.
CATELLI, G. England, c.1820, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie-SK 11/21/95. see C. Catelli and Co. Hereford. RSW.
CATMUR, BENJAMIN England, fl.1838-40, MIM OIM PHIM 28 Chamber Street, Goodman's Field, London. Taylor 2(2096).
CATON, W. England, c.1825, OIM Microscope = Clay Coll. Taylor 2(1507); Clay and Court.
CATTANEO England, fl.1830-60, PHIM family of barometer makers including Austin, Henry, John, Joseph and Philip in various partnerships. 12 Castlegate, York. Goodison 1.
CATTANEO AND CO. England, c.1840, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie's 2/19/97. Leeds. RSW.
CATTANEO AND CO. 1 England, c.1830, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Reigate. Goodison 1; Baillie 1.
CATTANEO AND CO. 2 England, c.1848, PHIM made barometers, watches and clocks; partnership of Henry and Philip Cattaneo and Joseph Fattorini. 12 Castlegate, York. Goodison 1.
CATTANEO, AUSTIN England, pre-1838, OIM PHIM optician; made barometers; in partnership with Henry and John Cattaneo, Peter Ballarini and Joseph Fattorini. Kings Staith, York. Goodison 1.
CATTANEO, H., AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Henry Cattaneo and Co. York. Goodison 1.
CATTANEO, HENRY England, 1806-60, PHIM in partnership with Joseph Cattaneo, 1838-48; see Austin Cattaneo; see Cattaneo and Co. 2. Kings Staith (pre-1838); 12 Castlegate (1838-48); 2 St. Martins Lane (1851); all in York. Goodison 1.
CATTANEO, JOHN England, pre-1838, PHIM see Austin Cattaneo. Kings Staith, York. Goodison 1.
CATTANEO, JOSEPH England, fl.1838-51, PHIM see Joseph and Henry Cattaneo; bankrupt, 1849; in business on his own, 1851. 12 Castlegate (1838); Minster Gates (1849); 1 South Entrance (1851); all in York. Goodison 1.
CATTANEO, JOSEPH AND HENRY England, fl.1838-48, OIM PHIM opticians; made barometers. 12 Castlegate, York. Goodison 1.
CATTANEO, PHILIP England, c.1848, PHIM made barometers, clocks and watches; see Cattaneo and Co. 2. 12 Castlegate, York. Goodison 1.
CATTANIO, A. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie-SK 9/23/88. Worcester. RSW.
CATTANIO, A. AND L. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. may be Austin Cattaneo; `L' may be `H'. York. Goodison 1.
CATTANIO, ANTHONY 1 England, c.1830, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X(2). also made thermometers. Blackhall Street, Kidderminster. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1801).
CATTANIO, ANTHONY 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Phillips-Leeds 12/16/87, Phillips 8/12/87, Christie 4/28/89. Market Place, Malton. Goodison 1; RSW.
CATTANIO, C., AND DOTTI England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Braintree. Goodison 1.
CATTANIO, P. 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X (2). Croyden. Goodison 1.
CATTANIO, P. 2 England, 18th Century, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-Chester 10/6/86. Chester. RSW.
CATTANIO, V. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Worcester. Goodison 1.
CATTANO, ANTHONY England, c.1830, see Anthony Cattanio 1. Taylor 2(1801).
CATTELY AND CO. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X; Wheel Barometer = X. stick has address. 81 Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
CATTELY, G., AND CO. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X; Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
CATTENCO, A. misreading for A. Cattanio 2. Phillips 12/16/87.
CATTIN, JEAN-BAPTISTE France, 1726, MIM Planetarium, 1727 = P.C.; Celestial Globes with clockwork = NMM-G.136 (1727), NMM-G.137 (1728), CNAM (1727), Nouveau Drouot 6/3/83 (1727), D.(1995) (1726). "Mécanicien Horloger"; the clockwork globes were invented by Abbé D.Reginald Outhier of Besançon; the D.(1995) globe was presented to the French Royal Academy of Sciences in 1727. Fort de Plasne en Franche-Comté, Jura; Paris. MADEX; NMM 2; Cons. Nat'l 1; RSW.
CAUCHOIS France, c.1830, MIM Garden Sundial, marble = Gersaint, La Rochelle 7/23/94. Paris. RSW.
CAUCHOIX, ROBERT AGLAE France, 1776-1845, OIM Lunette Murals, 1818 = USNM; Prism = USNM; Telescopes = NAC, D.; Achromatic Lens = NAC; Microscope = P.C.; Prospect Glass, with double eyepiece = D.(1976). Robert Aglaé Cauchoix; instruments signed "Cauchoix à Paris"; made telescopes for Cambridge Observatory in 1835. rue de la Loi (1803); rue des Amandiers-Sainte-Geneviève; 27 Quai Voltaire (1819); Quai Voltaire No. 17; all in Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet; USNM; Gunther 3; Moskowitz 113; RSW.
CAUCIGH, R.P. MICHAEL Austria, 1726, invented a type of celestial globe, 1726, made by J. Beckher. Linz. Zinner 1; Globus Dec., 1956.
CAUMONT, M. France, c.1820, MIM Sundial, large = Dijon. laid out on the ground. Gatty; Earle.
CAUS, SALOMAN DE France, 1644, MIM author; made sundials. Moreux.
CAVAGNOLI, GIUSEPPE Italy, 1665, MIM SIM Alidade with altimeter scale, 1665 = BRP; Cicumferentor, 1665 = BRP. Piace. RSW.
CAVALIERI Italy, c.1660, developed a type of telescope. Daumas 1.
CAVALIERO, JOSEPH-MARIA Italy, 1770, MIM Polyhedral Sundials in shape of casket = OXF (1770), U. of Naples (1769). Baron of San Caetano; owner; U. of Naples is silver. Naples. Michel 3; Gunther 2; Regozzino and Schettino; RSW.
CAVALLERI Italy, c.1845, OIM made reflecting microscopes. Clay and Court.
CAVALLI, ATANAGIO Italy, PHIM made meteorological instruments. Asti; Rome. Morpurgo 1.
CAVALLO, TIBERIUS Italy; England, 1749-1809, invented an electrometer in 1777; modified the air pump; lived most of his life in England; F.R.S.; author. Naples; London. Wolf; G.L'E. Turner 24; DSB; DND; Middleton 1.
CAVE, THOMAS Ireland, fl.1750-80, MIM SIM Compasses = X, P.C.; Butterfield-type Sundial, 1780 = WHI; Horizontal Sundial, oval = WHI; Mathematical Instrument = WHI; Circumferentors = Soth. 3/11/63-115, Soth.-PB pre-1980; Surveying Compass = D.(1982). WHI horizontal sundial probably instrument mentioned by Clay and Court. Dublin. Taylor 2(811); Dewhirst; Clay and Court; Price 12; Egestorff; Moskowitz 123; Bryden 16; RSW.
CAVELLATI Italy, MIM Table Sundial = POR. RSW.
CAVENDISH, SIR CHARLES England, 1591-1652, physicist; designed lenses. London. Taylor 1(124).
CAVENS England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Carlisle. Goodison 1.
CAVERHILL AND CO. Scotland, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Berwick-on-Tweed. Goodison 1.
CAVINET France, c.1771, MIM Micrometer = X. probably Canivet; instrument maker of the Royal Academy of Sciences. Paris. Dewhirst; USNM.
CAVOT France, 1747, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1747 = Soth. 5/10/54. surely "Cadot." Paris. RSW.
CAWDLE, W. England, c.1850, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth.S 1/27/88. Torquay. RSW.
CAWOOD, FRANCIS England, fl.1709-12, MIM made mathematical instruments; author. Bartholomew Lane, near the Royal Exchange, London. Taylor 1(555); Dewhirst; Evans 1.
CAYGILL, CHRISTOPHER England, 1747-1803, MIM made sundials; clockmaker. Askrigg. Loomes.
CAYTHORP England, 17th Century, PHIM Bell Weight = Soth. 10/3/88. weighs twenty-eight pounds. RSW.
CECH see Czech. Czech. Inventory.
CEDEBORG, ANDREW England, c.1798, MIM St. John's Lane, Clerkenwell, London. Taylor 2(936).
CEDERSTEN, NILS GABRIEL Sweden, c.1770, OIM optician; apprenticed to Carl Lehnberg. Stockholm. Pipping 1.
CELEBRINI, P. Italy, c.1680, OIM Microscope = D. also made telescopes. Weil 2(19, 23).
CELI, MARCUS ANTONIUS see Marcantonio Cellio. Clay and Court.
CELLA, AUGUSTINUS Sweden, PHIM Stick Barometer = NOR. RSW.
CELLA, PHILIPP Germany, 1831, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1831 = VNL. Munich. Globus, Dec. 1956, June 1962.
CELLIO, MARCANTONIO Italy, 1685, OIM Objective Lens, 1685 = Bologna University Observatory; Microscope = D. Bologna. Bonelli 4; Nachet; Weil 2(19); Price 2; Clay and Court.
CELLIS, M.A. see Marcantonio Cellio. Weil 2(23).
CELSIUS, ANDERS Sweden, 1701-44, designed the centigrade scale for thermometers. G.L'E. Turner 24; Middleton 4; DSB.
CELVI, DOMENICO misreading for Domenico Selva. KRE; RSW.
CERF, H. Belgium, MIM PHIM Compass and Barometer, each in shape of watch = Soth.-NY 2/23/79. 59 Rue de la Madeleine, Brussels. RSW.
CERI AND PINI Scotland, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. probably Ciceri and Pini. Edinburgh. Goodison 1.
CERMANATI AND BERNARDA USA, c.1807, OIM PHIM T.C.; made and sold telescopes and thermometers. Essex Street, Salem; No. 2 State Street Boston (1807); both in Mass. RSW.
CERMENATI AND MONFRINO USA, c.1810, OIM PHIM Bernard Cermenati and Monfrino; made telescopes, barometers and thermometers. No. 2 State Street, Boston, Mass. Comstock; USNM.
CERUELLATI, LUIGI misreading for Luigi Cervellati. RSW.
CERUTTY, JOHN England, PHIM Barometer with Thermometer = Longleat House, Wilts. At the Tuns Lodging House, Bath. RSW.
CERVALATI, LUIGI Italy, 1572, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1572 = Stuker (1958). Jesuit. RSW.
CERVELLARI, GUIDO Italy, 1805, MIM Armillary Sphere, 1805 = ROM. Bonelli 4.
CERVELLATI, LUIGI Italy, c.1824, MIM Magnetic Compass, gilt, 1824 = Soth. 2/1/79; Armillary Sphere = D.(1975); Sundial, pin-gnomon, in wooden box = OXF; Table Sundial = POR. table sundial is for 44°30'; armillary sphere is marked "forma" and is of wood and paper, manuscript, Copernican. Bologna. Evans 1; Gunther 2; RSW.
CESARINO, CESARE Italy, 1483-1543, claimed to have invented a hodometer. Milan; Ferrara. Weil 2(15).
CESPEDES, DR. ANDRES GARCIA DE 1560-1611, MIM made reflection sundials; author. Michel 14; Zeitlin 224.
CETTA AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. probably J. and J. Cetta. Stroud. Goodison 1.
CETTA, G., AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Dursley. Goodison 1.
CETTA, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie-SK 4/17/86. Stroudwater. RSW.
CETTA, J. AND J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Stroud. Goodison 1.
CETTA, J., AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
CETTA, JOHN England, fl.1838-60, PHIM made barometers and thermometers; took over Paul Carughi's shop at 15 Brook Street in 1839; was succeeded by Wheelhouse and Bercini at 40 Hatton Garden. 7 Union Court, Black Hill, Holborn (1838); 15 Brook Street (1839-44); 14-15 Brook Street (1845-46); 40 Hatton Garden (1847-60); all in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(2097).
CETTEA England, see Gobbi and Cettea. Nottingham. Bell 2.
CETTI 1 Italy; England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Henley. Goodison 1; Morpurgo 1; NAWCC Bull.
CETTI 2 England, c.1853, PHIM see Pastorelli and Cetti. 11 Brook Street, London. Goodison 1.
CETTI AND CO. 1 England, c.1810, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Sotheby 12/15/94. may be same as Cetti and Co. 2, before they moved to London. Leeds. RSW.
CETTI AND CO. 2 England, c.1830, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2), Phillips 4/10/83; Soth-S 7/23/87; Stick Barometers = X, Soth. 7/21/83. probably John or Joseph Cetti. 54 Red Lion Street; 25 Red Lion Street; both in Holborn, London. Goodison 1; NAWCC, April 1969; RSW.
CETTI, A. 1 Denmark, c.1770-80, OIM PHIM Barometer = Den Gamle By, Aarhus. T.C. in Danish and French. corner of Gothersgade and Storekongensgade No. 29, Copenhagen. Price 2; RSW.
CETTI, A. 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Reading. Goodison 1.
CETTI, DUDLEY England, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 6/6/75. RSW.
CETTI, E. England, c.1740, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(3). London. USNM; Goodison 1; "Antiques" Nov. 1942.
CETTI, FRA Italy; Sweden, 1803-79, PHIM Stick Barometer, No. 353, 1818 = NOR; Stick Barometer = NOR; Thermometers = STM(2). Francesco Cetti; meteorological instrument maker to the Swedish Royal Academy, 1830; partner with C.E. Collin. Stockholm (1821 on). Pipping 1; RSW.
CETTI, J. 1 England, PHIM physical instrument maker. Buckingham. Morpurgo 1.
CETTI, J. 2 England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. 81 High Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
CETTI, J., AND CO. 1 England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. either Joseph or John Cetti. Goodison 1.
CETTI, J., AND CO. 2 England, fl.1816-39, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2). probably Joseph Cetti. 25 Red Lion Street, Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
CETTI, J., AND CO. 3 England, fl.1840-48, PHIM John Cetti and Co.; succeeded Joseph Cetti and Co. 25 Red Lion Street, London. Goodison 1.
CETTI, J., AND CO. 4 England, c.1810, PHIM Marine Barometer = D.(1977). 24 Bullion Street, Holborn, London. Wynter 1.
CETTI, JOHN England, PHIM see J. Cetti and Co. 1 and 3. RSW.
CETTI, JOHN, AND CO. England, fl.1840-48, PHIM barometer makers; succeeded Joseph Cetti. 25 Red Lion Street, London. Goodison 1.
CETTI, JOS England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. surely Joseph Cetti. Goodison 1.
CETTI, JOSEPH England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. London. Goodison 1.
CETTI, JOSEPH, AND CO. England, fl.1802-39, PHIM barometer and thermometer makers; succeeded by John Cetti and Co. 3 Long Lane, Smithfield (1802); 54 Red Lion Street (1803-15); 25 Red Lion Street (1816-39); all in London. Goodison 1.
CETTI, P. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
CEULEN, JAN VAN, THE ELDER Holland, fl.1682-1715, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1682 = Soth. 3/5/59; Planetarium = LEY; Clock = LEY. The Hague. Michel 3.
CEULEN, JEAN VAN, LE JEUNE Holland, MIM Astronomical Table Clock = ADL-M390; Repetition Watch = Pierpont Morgan Coll. The Hague. Engelmann 1; Rooseboom 1; Michel 3; ADL; RSW.
CEULEN, JOHANNES VAN see Johannes van Keulen. Mörzer Bruyns 1 and 2.
CEULL, JOHANN c.1630, MIM Proportional Compass = NUR. Price 2.
CEVIN misreading for Sevin. Soth. 7/31/58.
CEVIN, P. misreading for "P. Sevin." Soth. 6/23/87; Christie-G 5/13/86.
CHACOT France, c.1775, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = P.C. Paris. RSW.
CHADBURN 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = P.C. probably A. Chadburn, which see; see Chadburn and Co.; see Chadburn and Wright; see Chadburn Brothers. Sheffield. G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
CHADBURN 2 England, c.1840, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Surveying Compass = D.(1971); Microscope = Soth. 3/22/76; Telescope = Phillips 10/5/76; Proportional Dividers and Sector, ivory = Soth. 10/27/69; Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 5/20/88; Wheel Barometer = New House 9/10/93. optician; "Instrument Maker to H.R.H. Prince Albert"; branch of the Sheffield business. 71 Lord Street, Liverpool. Bryden 9; ATG 8/28/93; RSW.
CHADBURN AND CO. England, fl.1830-33, MIM OIM PHIM succeeded William Chadburn. 40 Ladys Bridge, Nursery Street (1830); 23 Nursery Street (1833); both in Sheffield. Goodison 1.
CHADBURN AND SON England, c.1830, MIM OIM PHIM Level = Phillips 4/20/83; Stick Barometer = Bearnes 11/12/86; Telescope = Soth. 2/8/83. "Opticians." 71 Lord Street, Liverpool. RSW.
CHADBURN AND WRIGHT England, c.1830, OIM Achromatic Telescope = D. 40 Nursery Street; The Wicker; both in Sheffield. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1509); RSW.
CHADBURN BROTHERS England, fl.1837-84, MIM OIM PHIM Stick Barometers = X(3), Soth.-C 10/9/86; Martin-type Microscope = Soth. 6/23/69; Telescopes = MIM, MLL; etc. "opticians to H.R.H., the Late Prince Consort"; T.C.; see Chadburn 1. 26 Nursery Street (1842); Albion Works, Nursery Street; both in Sheffield; 71 Lord Street; 7 Lord Street; both in Liverpool. G.L'E. Turner 24; Goodison 1; Calvert 2; Chenekal 4; KEN; Crawforth 1; RSW.
CHADBURN, A. England, c.1830, PHIM Model of a Beam Engine = Levens Hall, Kendal, Cumbria. Sheffield. RSW.
CHADBURN, CHARLES HENRY England, fl.1845-57, MIM OIM PHIM Stick Barometer = Phillips 1/30/84. optician and instrument maker to Prince Albert; factory at Sheffield is now Chadburns Ltd; T.C.; barometer is signed "C.H. Chadburn Liverpool." 71 Lord Street, Liverpool; Albion Works, Nursery Street, Sheffield. Goodison 1; Calvert 2; RSW.
CHADBURN, JOHN England, fl.1830, OIM 3 Mulberry Street, Sheffield. Taylor 2(1802).
CHADBURN, WILLIAM England, fl.1816-30, PHIM made barometers; succeeded by Chadburn and Co. 81 The Wicker (1816-17); Albion Works, 27 Nursery Street, Ladys Bridge (1830); both in Sheffield. Goodison 1.
CHADBURN, WILLIAM, AND CO. England, c.1830, MIM NIM OIM PHIM sold telescopes,barometers,sextants, compasses, etc.; wholesalers. Albion Works, 27 Nursery Street, Ladys Bridge, Sheffield. Taylor 2(1803).
CHAFFAT, ANT. DU France, Germany, fl.1720-52, MIM Graphometer, 1720 = ULM; Instrument, 1721 = P.C.; Protractors, with arms, 1732 = ULM(2); Drawing Set in etui = AUG; Sector, 1723 = Soth. 7/15/82-11; Sector and Level = HAK. various signatures, "Lieutenant", "Ingénieur Lieutenant de la Ville d'Ulm", "Capitaine", "Capitaine et ingénieur de la ville d'Ulm." Ulm; Nürnberg. Maurice 1; Zinner 1; Baillie 1; RSW.
CHAIZY misreading for Choizy. Holbrook 1.
CHALAMONT Francec.1646, OIM made telescopes. Aix. Nachet.
CHALKHILL, JOHN England, c.1729, MIM apprenticed to Lawrence Miles in the Joiners' Company, Feb. 7, 1720; insolvent in 1729. St. Giles in the Fields, London. Crawforth 7.
CHALLAND, WILLIAM England, 1749, MIM (Shalland); apprenticed to Henry Burdett in the Clockmakers's Company, 1737/38-1749. Green Arbour Court, London, 1749. Clifton 1.
CHALLEN, WM. England?, 1777, NIM Hadley Quadrant, 1777 = Larvik Marine Museum, Norway. RSW.
CHALLICUM, W. England, 1598, MIM Quadrant, 1598 = D.(1965?) = Soth. 6/8/70. RSW.
CHALLONERE, WYLLYAM England, c.1700, MIM Horary Quadrant, ivory, for 52° = P.C. London? RSW.
CHALMEL France, 18th Century, OIM Telescope = P. and S. 5/19/1896. RSW.
CHALMERS, JAMES S. Scotland, fl.1843-44, NIM also made clocks and atches; successor to Brown and Chalmers. 48 Bridge Street, Leith. Bryden 3.
CHALONS, JEAN DE France, d.1414, MIM there is a circumflex over the "a" in Chalons; an associate of Johanne Fusoris. Paris. Poulle 1.
CHAMBERLAIN AND RITCHIE USA, fl.1850-54, MIM PHIM SIM Surveying Compass = HAR. Nathan B. Chamberlain and Edward Samuel Ritchie. 313 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. Smart 1; USNM; Moskowitz, 1976.
CHAMBERLAIN AND SON England, fl.1852-60, PHIM James Bradley Chamberlain and Son. 203 High Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
CHAMBERLAIN, D.H. USA, c.1850, patented a type of dividers. Boston, Mass. USNM.
CHAMBERLAIN, JAMES BRADLEY England, fl.1830-60, MIM OIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Stick Barometers = X(2); Wheel Barometer, with clock = Soth. 5/14/87. one of the stick barometers is signed "Chamberlain"; T.C. 37 Broad Street, Bloomsbury, opposite the London and Manchester Hat Warehouse; 203 High Holborn; both in London. Goodison 1; Crawforth 1; RSW.
CHAMBERLAIN, N. AND N.B. USA, fl.1841-58, MIM NIM PHIM Hygrometer, 1855 = PEA. Boston, Mass. USNM.
CHAMBERLAIN, N.B. AND D. USA, fl.1844-45, MIM Mechanical Orrery = USNM. Boston, Mass. USNM.
CHAMBERLAIN, N.B., AND SONS USA, fl.1860-84, MIM Boston, Mass. Moskowitz, 1976.
CHAMBERLAIN, NATHAN B. USA, 1810-78, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Vacuum Pump = D.(1976). listed as a machinist in 1832; partner of Edward Samuel Ritchie, 1850-54. 9 School Street,(1832-50); 313 Washington Street (1850-54); both in Boston, Mass. Smart 1; Brewington 1; USNM; Moskowitz, 1976.
CHAMBERLAND, CH. France, invented a universal equatorial sundial. Guyot.
CHAMBERLIN, HENRY W. USA, 1849, SIM Chamberlin's Improved Draughting Table = D.(1996). patent model. Pittsfield, Mass. Coffeen 55.
CHAMBERY France, 1750, MIM SIM Circumferentor, 1750 = P. and S. 6/18/1894. Chambéry. Paris. Evans 1.
CHAMPAGNE France, c.1725, MIM Amplitude Compass = NMM. NMM 2; RSW.
CHAMPIO, ANDA variant spelling for Andrea Championi. Goodison 1.
CHAMPION AND CO. Ireland, c.1800, PHIM Stick Barometer = Bearnes 9/17/86. Belfast. RSW.
CHAMPIONI, ANDREA England, c.1780, PHIM Stick Barometers = X (2), Soth. 7/16/76. Goodison 1; RSW.
CHAMPLIN, JOHN R. USA, 1878-93, OIM made telescopes. Lanconia, NH. DATM.
CHAMPNESS, JAMES England, misreading for James Champneys. Clay and Court; Daumas 1.
CHAMPNEYS see Cuthbertson and Champneys. RSW.
CHAMPNEYS, JAMES England; Holland, fl.1764-70, MIM OIM Telescopes = Soth. 10/17/60, D.; Telescope, reflecting = Soth. 6/23/87. T.C.; member of the Stationers' Company; took John Cuthbertson as his apprentice in 1761; became his father-in-law in 1768 and his partner by 1770; opposed Dollond patent in 1764; was successfully sued for infringing it in 1766 and went bankrupt. near the Royal Exchange, Cornhill, London; Amsterdam (1770). Taylor 2(583); Rooseboom 1; Dewhirst; Daumas 1; Hackmann 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; Crawforth 1; RSW.
CHAMPNEYS, JOSEPH misreading for James Champneys. Court and von Rohr 2.
CHANCELLOR, RICHARD England, fl.1520-56, MIM Quadrant, 5-foot = Dr. John Dee. also designed instruments. Bristol. Taylor 1(13); USNM; Dewhirst; Daumas 1; Clay and Court.
CHANDLEE AND BROTHERS USA, fl.1790-91, MIM SIM sons of Benjamin Chandlee 2. Nottingham, Md. Bedini 1.
CHANDLEE AND HOLLOWAY USA, fl.1819-22, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = P.C.(1993). Benjamin Chandlee 3 and Robert Holloway. Baltimore, Md. Smart 1; USNM; Coffeen 1.
CHANDLEE AND SONS USA, fl.1788-90, MIM SIM Benjamin Chandlee 2 and his sons. Nottingham, Md. Bedini 1.
CHANDLEE, BENJAMIN 1 USA, c.1680, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = P.C. apprenticed to Abel Cottie, 1680; clockmaker. RSW.
CHANDLEE, BENJAMIN 2 USA, 1723-91, MIM SIM Surveying Compasses = P.C., Chester County Historical Society, Pa., Kentucky Historical Society; Circumferentor = P.C. father of Goldsmith, Isaac, and John Chandlee; clockmaker. Nottingham, Md. Bedini 1, 8 and 17; Smart 1; RSW.
CHANDLEE, BENJAMIN 3 USA, 1780-1822 fl.1814-22, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = Witte Memorial Museum. son of Goldsmith Chandlee; partner in Chandlee and Holloway, 1819-22; clockmaker. Winchester, Va.; Baltimore, Md. Smart 1; USNM; Bedini 17.
CHANDLEE, E. AND I. USA, fl.1797-1804, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = Chester County Historical Society, Pa. Ellis and Isaac Chandlee. Nottingham, Md. Bedini 1; Smart 1.
CHANDLEE, ELLIS USA, 1755-1816, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = P.C. son of Benjamin Chandlee 2; made Churchman's perpetual motion machine. Nottingham, Md. Bedini 1 & 8; Smart 1.
CHANDLEE, ELLIS, AND BROTHERS USA, 1791-97, MIM SIM sons of Benjamin Chandlee 2. Nottingham, Md. Bedini 1.
CHANDLEE, GOLDSMITH USA, 1751-1821, MIM PHIM SIM Surveying Compasses = P.C. (3), Mount Vernon, Ohio State Museum (2), GUR, Logan County Archaeological and Historical Society, USNM, ADL-W279. apprenticed to his father, Benjamin Chandlee 2; developed an improved type of surveying compass; ADL appears to be an early model, with needle lift, and without the later scales. Nottinghan, Md; Winchester, Va. Bedini 1 & 8; Smart 1; USNM; ADL; RSW.
CHANDLEE, ISAAC USA, 1760-1813, MIM SIM Surveying Compasses = Ohio State Museum, P.C.(1978), P.C.(1982), George Wilson and Son, Auctioners, Chester Heights, Pa. (1984), Adena, Chillicothe, Ohio. son of Benjamin Chandlee 2. Nottingham, Chester County, Md. Bedini 1; Smart 1; RSW.
CHANDLEE, JOHN USA, fl.1790-97, MIM SIM son of Benjamin Chandlee 2. Nottingham, Md. Bedini 1.
CHANDLER, ABIEL USA, 1807-81, MIM SIM Surveying Compasses = D.(1984), New Hampshire Historical Society Museum, Henry Ford Museum, Dearborn, Mich.; Transit = Old Sturbridge Village. instruments signed "A. Chandler"; son of Timothy Chandler, clockmaker; DATM says he flourished 1844-50. Main Street; South Street; both in Concord, New Hampshire. Smart 1; USNM; Coffeen H; DATM; RSW.
CHANDLER, TIMOTHY USA, 1762-1848, MIM SIM father of Abiel Chandler; clockmaker; silversmith; made Merrill's quadrant, surveying compasses and mathematical instruments. Concord, New Hampshire. Smart 1; DATM.
CHANGEUX, P.N. France, 1740-1800, designed a barometer and a barometrograph; author. Paris. Daumas 1; Middleton 1.
CHANIERE, LT. France, 1767, Lt. Chanière; invented a magnetometer, 1767. Paris. NMM 1.
CHANTREY, ROBERT England, c.1716, MIM apprenticed to John Johnson 3, of the Grocers' Company on April 11, 1704; free of the Company Nov. 10, 1716; took one apprentice. Tower Hill, London. J. Brown 1.
CHAPETOT misreading for Chapotot. Drechsler 2; RSW.
CHAPIN'S SON AND CO., H. USA, 1897-1901, MIM partners were Hermon M. Chapin 2 and Frank Chapin, sons of Edward M. Chapin; Rufus E Holmes was also a partner; merged with L.C. Stephens and Co., 1901. New Hartford, Conn. DATM.
CHAPIN, EDWARD M. USA, fl.1853-1897, MIM joined his father Hermon M. Chapin, a rule maker, c.1853; the firm changed its line of rules and its numbering system at that time; the company merged with Stephens and Co. in 1901 to become Chapin-Stephens; see H. Chapin's Son and Co. New Hartford, Conn. Philip E. Stanley; DATM.
CHAPIN, FRANK USA, see H. Chapin's Son and Co. New Hartford, Conn. DATM.
CHAPIN, H., AND SONS USA, fl.1860-65, MIM made rulers, planes, etc.; sons of Hermon M. Chapin 1 were Edward M., George W., and Philip E. New Hartford, Conn. DATM.
CHAPIN, HERMON M. 1 USA, 1799-1866; fl.1835-53, MIM Folding Rule, ivory and brass, 1839 = The Hermitage, Nashville, Tenn.; Folding Rule, wood = D.(1976). the 1839 rule has an inscription about Andrew Jackson; Hermon M. Chapin's son, Edward M., joined the firm c.1853; the line of rules and the numbering system were changed at that time; see H. Chapin and Sons. Union Factory, New Hartford, Conn. Philip E. Stanley; DATM; RSW.
CHAPIN, HERMON M. 2 USA, see H. Chapin's Son and Co. New Hartford, Conn. DATM.
CHAPIN, HERMON. M., 2 USA, see H. Chapin's Son and Co. New Hartford, Conn. DATM.
CHAPIN-STEPHENS USA, fl.1901-29, MIM a merger of H. Chapin's Son and Co. with Stephens and Co.; makers of wood and ivory rules. Conn. Philip E. Stanley; DATM.
CHAPITOL misreading for Chapotot; Vienna Museum Sale-839. Christie 3/12/1860.
CHAPITOT misreading for Chapotot. Soth.-Wilkinson and Hodge 11/28/23.
CHAPLAIN England, c.1736, OIM made reflecting telescopes. Dewhirst; Court and Von Rohr 3(xvi).
CHAPMAN 1 England, 19th Century, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-West Sussex 10/18/83. possibly W. Chapman 2, which see. Alresford. RSW.
CHAPMAN 2 England, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = D.(1986). James Chapman 1 or 2? London. Coffeen 13.
CHAPMAN, EDWARD England, c.1805, MIM also iron-monger. Bridge Street, Westminster, London. Taylor 2(1097).
CHAPMAN, G. England?, OIM Telescope = ROM. may be James Chapman 2. Bonelli 4.
CHAPMAN, GEORGE A. USA, 1768, OIM Lens, 1768 = Charleston Museum, South Carolina. New York, N.Y.. USNM.
CHAPMAN, JACQUES England, c.1750, NIM Octant = Cranbrook Institute of Science, Mich. may be James Chapman 1; made for French market? London. USNM.
CHAPMAN, JAMES 1 England, c.1760, NIM T.C.; father of James Chapman 2? Sign of the Hadley's Quadrant, opposite the King's Storehouse, St. Catherine's Street, London. Taylor 2(812).
CHAPMAN, JAMES 2 England, fl.1775-1804, MIM NIM OIM Octants, ebony and ivory = PEA (1775), RSM (1788); Sextant, 1788 = X; Telescope, one draw = X; Telescopes = La Rochelle 7/16/83, CMY, ROM, D.(1988); Telescope, decahedral, wood = D.(1988). son of James Chapman 1? they may be one person; T.C. in English, French and Dutch; member of the Stationers' Company? D. telescope has a decahedral wooden tube. The Hadley Quadrant, opposite the King's Storehouse in St. Catherine's (1776); 5 St. Catherine's Street; 41 St. Catherine's Street; St. Catherines Street near the Tower; all in London. Taylor 2(812); Brewington 1; Dewhirst; Clay and Court; Daumas 1; J. Brown 1; Crawforth 1; RSW; Nautical Brass, Vol. VIII, No. 3.
CHAPMAN, JOHN England, c.1714, MIM apprenticed to John Dobson of the Clockmakers' Company on Nov. 25, 1714. J. Brown 3.
CHAPMAN, SIMON England, fl.1675-87, MIM apprenticed by turnover to John Nash of the Clockmakers' Company on March 5, 1668; free of the Company, March 29, 1675; took apprentices. J. Brown 3.
CHAPMAN, THOMAS England, fl.1659-89, MIM Sector, wood, 1689 = P.C. apprenticed to Withers Cheney of the Clockmakers' Company on June 6, 1659. J. Brown 3; Loomes 2; Waterman 1; RSW.
CHAPMAN, W. 1 England, c.1869, OIM Microscope = Soth. 10/27/69. 21 Featherstone Buildings, Holborn, London. O'Mara; RSW.
CHAPMAN, W. 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. see Chapman 1. Goodison 1; RSW.
CHAPOTEAU misreading for Chapotot. Gersaint.
CHAPOTOT FILS France, fl.1690-1721, MIM OIM Butterfield-type Sundial = LOS; Microscope = NAC. son of Louis Chapotot; may be Jean Chapotot; continued his father's practice of making astronomical quadrants etc. Paris. Daumas 1; Thielmann; RSW.
CHAPOTOT, I. France, MIM SIM Universal Ring Sundial, variant = GEL; Plane Table = GEL; Sundial = Christie 5/8/79; Butterfield-type Sundial, silver = ADL-W45. surely Jean Chapotot. Paris. ADL; RSW.
CHAPOTOT, JEAN France, fl. 1690-1721, MIM Butterfield-type Sundials, silver = NOR, WHI; Table Sundial, oval, silver = Rosenheim Sale; Telescopic Quadrant = Chevalier de Louville. may be Chapotot fils, son of Louis Chapotot; see I. Chapotot; Master in the "Corporation des fondeurs"; juryman, 1701-03; the quadrant was invented by de Louville and the lenses were made by Jean Lebas. à la Sphère, Quai de l'Horloge, Ile de la Cité, Paris (1690). Augarde; Daumas 1; Bryden 16; RSW.
CHAPOTOT, LOUIS France, fl.1670-1700, MIM OIM instruments mainly signed "Chapotot"; both he and his son were prolific makers and it is difficult to tell the difference; he worked for Chérubin in 1670 and there is a signed instrument dated 1688; Master in the "Corporation des fondeurs"; author. Sur le quay de l'Horloge, Ile e la Cité, à la Sphère, Paris. Daumas 1; Hamilton 1; Bonelli 1 and 4; Maistrov 2 and 3; Horsky and Skopova; Novokshanova-Soklovskaja; Michel 1, 3 and 4; Engelmann 1; Coffen 15; J.A. Bennett 2; Con. Nat'l 1.; Bryden 16; Augarde; ADL; RSW.
CHAPUZET, JEAN-CHARLES Germany, 1694-1767, MIM parents were French émigrés. Nachet.
CHARBONNIER, PH. France, c.1630, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass, with case = P.C.(1987). Paris. RSW.
CHARDIN misreading by Engelmann of the ivory compendium, ADL-M257; it should have been read as "du Jardin." Engelmann 1; Michel 3; ADL; RSW.
CHARINETTI, D. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Gloucester. Goodison 1.
CHARITE France, fl.1770-90, MIM OIM Charité; made astronomical instruments. à l'Observatoire, Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet; A.J. Turner 10.
CHARLA, JEH France, c.1450, MIM Astrolabe = OXF (ICA-162). owner? may be fake. Gunther 1; Price 1; Poulle 6; ICA 2.
CHARLAMONIOUS France, pre-1690, OIM mentioned by Bonani in 1690 as an instrument maker. Aix-la-Chapelle. Clay and Court.
CHARLES, ANTHONY D. Italy, pre-1690, MIM Tortona. Bonani; Dewhirst; Price 2.
CHARLES, JACQUES-ALEXANDRE-CESAR France, 1746-1823, OIM Jacques-Alexandre-César Charles; made achromatic lenses; physician. Paris. Nachet.
CHARLES, MR. France, OIM Microscope = NAC. No. 15; owner? Nachet.
CHARLES, NEPHEW AND CO. misreading for Charles Nephew and Co. RSW.
CHARLET France, c.1840, NIM T.C. Le Havre. Moskowitz 126.
CHARLET AINE France, c.1850, NIM Octant = MYS. Charlet aîné; "Opticien." Le Havre. Preuss and Treworgy.
CHARLTON, JOHN England, c.1771, MIM apprenticed to John Troughton 1 of the Grocers` Company on July 2, 1771. London. J. Brown 1.
CHARNIERES, M. DE France, pre-1782, invented a megameter. Courtanvaux.
CHAROST France, 18th C., MIM not a member of any corporation; lived in a privileged enclave. Paris. Augarde.
CHAROT France, c.1775, MIM SIM Magnetic Compass, wood = Soth. 3/21/73; Rules = P.C., Libert et Castor 4/28/82; Circumferentor = Christie-NY 10/24/83; Alidade = Observatory of Marseilles; Trough Compass = D.(1993). en la Cité à Paris. Daumas 1; Brieux 2; Coffeen 41; RSW.
CHARPENTIER France, fl.1770-92, MIM Paris. Daumas 1.
CHARPENTIER, G. France, c.1850, MIM Calculator = WHI; Slide Rule = Stuker (1958); Circular Slide Rule = D.(1971). circular slide rule is called a "Calculimeter"; "Breveté S.G.D.G." Whipple 1; Moskowitz 102; RSW.
CHARPENTIER, PERE, FILS ET CIE. France, 1750, NIM Marine Compasses = GEP (1750), D.(1968). Charpentier, Père, Fils et Cie. Rareursa, Nantes RSW.
CHARRETONII, ANT. France, owner of astrolabe by Michel Piquer, 1542. Lyon. RSW.
CHASE, JAMES USA, 1737-1812, MIM made rules, etc. Gilmanton (later Gilford), N.H. DATM.
CHASPAR, MICHAEL Germany, 1530-82, MIM Lunar Volvelle and Calendar, 1570 = VIE-762. also marked "M.C." Augsburg. Zinner 1 and 4; Evans 1; Michel 3; Bobinger 2.
CHASSIGNET, DANIEL Italy, 1617, MIM Celestial Globe, 1617 = Vatican. Rome. Price 2; Globus, Dec., 1956.
CHASSIGNET, DAVID France, 1617, misreading for Daniel Chassignet? Tooley.
CHASSIGNET, FRANCISCUS Italy, 1622, MIM Astrolabe, 1622 = PBN. ICA-521. Rome. Price 1; ICA 2.
CHATEAUNEUF France, 18th Century, MIM Mechanical Equatorial Sundial = La Rochelle 7/25/87. probably an address rather than a maker. Gazette 9/11/87.
CHATFIELD, JOHN England, 1630, MIM Quadrant with Volvelle, 1630 = Soth. 7/4/66. wrote on the "Trigonal Sector" which was made by Anthony Thompson. London. Taylor 1(236); RSW.
CHATTERTON, T. England, PHIM made barometers. 14 King's Terrace, Bagnigge Wells Road, London. USNM.
CHAUCER, GEOFFREY England, c. 1343-1400, none author not known to have made instruments; wrote on the astrolabe and the equatorium. London. Skeat; DSB.
CHAULNES, DUC DE France, 1714-69, Michel Ferdinand d'Albert d'Ailly, Duc de Chaulnes; designed a Cuff-type microscope; invented a dividing engine; author. Paris. American Philosophical Society Library; Clay and Court; Poggendorff.
CHAUVET, JACQUES France, 1585, designed a "Cosmomètre", a surveying quadrant, published, 1585. Paris. Daumas 1 and 6; Dawson 207.
CHAUVIN France, c.1600, MIM Sundial in lid of watch = NYM (Morgan Coll.). watch works by F. Benard; see Ch. Chavyn. Paris. Britten.
CHAVE, S. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth.-S 10/19/89. High Street, Taunton. RSW.
CHAVES, ALONZO DE Spain, c.1528, MIM successor to Diego Riveiro as instrument maker to the Casa de la Contratacion in Seville. Seville. Michel 3; Price 2.
CHAVOT mis-reading for Charot. Coffeen 41.
CHAVYN, CH. France, 1600, MIM Astronomical Compendium, 1600 = LOS. Chauvin? Fountainbleau. USNM; Thielmann.
CHEARSLEE, JOHN England, 1679, MIM Computing Rule = P.C. owner? RSW.
CHEBICHOF Russia, MIM Leningrad. Maistrov 5.
CHEKE, SIR JOHN England, 1514-57, designed an astronomical quadrant at the BM (1858 8/21 1). Cambridge. Taylor 1(9); Ward 4.
CHEMIN France, c.1825, PHIM Balance = Soth.-NY 2/23/79. made pans for Fortin's balances. Paris. A.J. Turner 10; RSW.
CHENEVIE France?, MIM Rule, fruitwood = A-P 3/15/76. RSW.
CHENEY, WITHERS England, fl.1657-95, MIM apprenticed by turnover to Elias Allen of the Clockmakers' Company on April 13, 1646; free of the Company, April 20, 1657; took apprentices; also was a wax-chandler. Fleet Street, London (1662). J. Brown 3; Loomes 2; Robischon.
CHERUB, F. Italy, c.1597, see Franciscus Cherubini-Sandolini. RSW.
CHERUBIN, PERE France, 1613-97, OIM Telescopes, 1681 = CNAM(2); Binocular Telescope = FLO. Père Chérubin; Michel Lasséré; author; also made microscopes and lens-grinding machines; designed a universal telescope. Orléans; Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet; Paris 1900; Weil 2(23).
CHERUBINI-SANDOLINI, FRANCISCO Italy, 1597, MIM Skaphe, oval box, 1597 = CLU. designed sundials; author. Venice. Morpurgo 1; RSW.
CHESIO, CHARLOS Spain, 19th Century, PHIM Barometer = MAN-1178. Cadiz. Garcia Franco 1.
CHESNEAU, J. DE France, c.1610, MIM Sundial inside cover of verge alarm clock = O'Byrne Coll. = Christie 11/21/61; Horizontal Sundial in watch lid = D.(1964). Orléans. RSW.
CHESNON, PIERRE France, c.1672, MIM son of Salomon Chesnon 2; became a Master in 1672; left France. Blois. Michel 3.
CHESNON, SALOMON 1 France, 1572-1630, MIM Sundial in lid of watch = Blot-Garnier Coll.; Sundial, octagonal = Norwich; Sundial, small, silver = NMM. Norwich is either Castle or Bridewell Museum. Blois. Stevens and Akens; Michel 3; Nachet; Britten; MADEX; Baillie 1; NMM 2; RSW.
CHESNON, SALOMON 2 France, 1639-84, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial, silver = Drecker Coll. = P.C.; Horizontal Sundial = WHI. son of Salomon Chesnon 1; made especially small sundials; the sundial at the WHI is signed "S. Chesnon." Blois. Michel 3; Bryden 16; Price 12; RSW.
CHESSE, J. CHARLES France, 1778, NIM Marine Compass, 1788 = PMM-439. La Rochelle. RSW.
CHESTER, EDWARD England, post-1751, MIM apprenticed to Benjamin Cole 2 in the Merchant Taylors' Company; free in the Company. London. Crawforth 7 and 8.
CHESTERMAN, J. England, c.1800, SIM Chains = D.(1994); Tape = D.(1994). Sheffield. Taylor 2 (1510); Garcelon 33.
CHEVALIER 1 France, c.1750, MIM OIM PHIM Telescope = Maritime Museum of British Columbia, Vancouver; Microscopes = WHI (2); Augsburg Sundial = MAR; Hygrometer = D. Paris. USNM; Price 12; Brieux 3; RSW.
CHEVALIER 2 England, fl.1770-91, NIM OIM Hadley's Quadrant = NMM-S174. Guernsey, Channel Islands. Taylor 2(598); NMM 2.
CHEVALIER 3 France, MIM Sundial, round, ivory = POR. adjustable gnomon. Portaluppi; RSW.
CHEVALIER 4 France, 1838, OIM PHIM Stick Barometer, 1838 = D.(1982); Colorimeter = STM. "Opticien du Roi"; possibly Charles-Louis Chevalier. Paris. Moskowitz 110; Antique Collector, April, 1982; RSW.
CHEVALIER 5 England, c.1700, MIM Universal Horizontal Sundial = D.(1986). 3 latitudes, 40°, 45°, 51°30'; 11 English towns for latitude 51°, and Shrewsbury for 52°; surely the work of one of the French Chevaliers, for the English market; date is too early. Coffeen 12; RSW.
CHEVALIER AINE France, c.1830, PHIM Dark Mirror = Nouveau Drouot 5/20/88. Chevalier aîné; "Ingénieur Opticien"; Vincent-Jacques-Louis Chevalier, which see; see also "Vt. Chevalier l'aîné." No. 69 Quai de l'Horloge au miscroscope achromatique, Paris. RSW.
CHEVALIER L'AINE PERE ET FILS, VINCENT France, c.1830, MIM Drawing Set = D.(1997). Vincent Chevalier l'aîné père et fils; son was Charles-Louis Chevalier; T.C. Au Microscope Achromatique, No. 69 Quai de l'Horloge à Paris. Coffeen 56.
CHEVALIER L'AINE, VINCENT France, 1770-1841, Beam Compass Set = D.(1997). Vincent Chevalier l'aîné; see Vincent-Jacques-Louis Chevalier; sometimes signed "Vt. Chevalier l'aîné" or "Vinc't Chevalier l'aîné." Paris. Moskowitz 119; Coffeen 58.
CHEVALIER MAISON France, 19th Century, OIM PHIM Thermometer = Versailles 4/17/83; Telescope = D.(1982). "Ingénieur Opticien." 4 Place de la Bourse, Paris. Moskowitz 105; RSW.
CHEVALIER, ARTHUR France, fl.1859, OIM Telescope, with stand = D.(1978); Microscopes = AMH, D.(1989). Dr. Arthur Chevalier; son of Charles-Louis Chevalier; author; T.C.; "Ancienne Maison Chevalier Ingénieur de pere et fils depuit plus d'un siècle, seul successeur"; "opticien"; "Officier de l'Académie"; see A. Chevallier. Palais Royal 158, Paris. Belgian Inventory; Richardson Cat.; Calvert 2; Moskowitz 132; RSW.
CHEVALIER, CHARLES France, c.1750, father of Louis-Vincent Chevalier. Paris. Daumas.
CHEVALIER, CHARLES-LOUIS France, 1804-59, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Microscopes = NAC, UTR(2), AMH, KEN(6), BIL, Yale U., Cranbrook Institute of Sciences, Mich., etc.; Surveying Level = D.(1975); Solar Microscope = X; Objective Lens = KEN; Cannon Sundial = O-F; Opera Glass = WHI; Camera Lucida = P.C.; etc. son of Vincent-Jacques-Louis Chevalier; succeeded him in 1841; T.C.; "Ingénieur"; Transylvania College has several philosophical instruments. Palais Royal 163 (1845); factory at Cour des Fontaines No.1 bis; Palais Royal 158; all in Paris. Daumas 1; USNM; Dewhirst; Whipple 1; Calvert 2; KEN; Monreal; Nachet; Brieux 3; Moskowitz 110; Purtle; G.L'E. Turner 24; Clay and Court; RSW.
CHEVALIER, L'INGR. France, MIM Cannon Sundial = Soth.-LA 6/7/76. "Opticien du Roi"; possibly Vincent-Jacques-Louis Chevalier, who patented this type, which see. Paris. RSW.
CHEVALIER, LOUIS France, c.1780, OIM oldest son of Louis-Vincent Chevalier; brother of Vincent- Jacques-Louis Chevalier; optician. Quai de l'Horloge 31, Paris. Nachet; Moskowitz 119.
CHEVALIER, LOUIS-VINCENT France, 1734-1804, OIM father of Louis, Vincent-Jacques-Louis and Nicolas-Marie Chevalier; T.C.; mirror maker; son of Charles Chevalier, which see. Quai de l'Horloge 31, Paris (1765). Nachet; Moskowitz 119; Daumas 1; Warner 13.
CHEVALIER, NICOLAS-MARIE France, d.1807, OIM youngest son of Louis-Vincent Chevalier. Paris. Nachet.
CHEVALIER, VICTOR England, MIM Cannon Sundial = Maidstone Museum; Time Clock Sundial = NMM-D.375. cannon sundial signed "Ingr. Brevt. Quai de l'Horloge 77 à Paris"; probably misreading for Vincent Chevalier. Quai de l'Horloge 77, Paris. Strand Magazine, 1893, pp. 308-18.
CHEVALIER, VINCENT ET CHARLES France, c.1828, OIM Microscopes = CRI, UTR, KEN; Camera Lucida = USMA. Louis-Vincent and Charles-Louis Chevalier. Quai de l'Horloge, Paris. Gunther 2; Van Cittert 3; KEN; Warner 13.
CHEVALIER, VINCENT-JACQUES-LOUIS France, 1770-1841, MIM OIM SIM Compass = D.(1979); Microscopes = Faculté des Sciences, Paris (1820, 1823), KEN(2), NAC, BIL, etc.; Graphometer = P.C.; Surveyor's Compass with telescope = P.C.(1987). middle son of Louis-Vincent Chevalier; brother of Louis Chevalier; father of Charles-Louis Chevalier; did research on the achromatic microscope; called himself Chevalier l'aîné after death of Louis Chevalier; compass is signed that way; title was "Ingénieur Opticien Breveté"; patented cannon sundial. 21, 67 and 69 (1830) Quai de l'Horloge, at the Sign of the Achromatic Microscope, Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet; USNM; Purtle; KEN; Moskowitz 119; Paris 1900; G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
CHEVALLIER 1 France, c.1800, MIM Sector = D.(1985). "Ingr. Opticien de S.M le Roi de Westphalie"; probably Jean-Gabriel-Augustin Chevallier. Paris. Coffeen 11.
CHEVALLIER 2 France, c.1830, MIM OIM Butterfield-type Sundial = ADL-A97; Opera Glass= Soth. 3/25/86; Graphometer with two telescopes = Gersaint, La Rochelle 7/23/94. "L'Ingr. Chevallier Breveté du Roi"; "Opticien du Roi"; probably J.-G.-A. Chevallier but the address is unique to these instruments. vis-a-vis le Marché aux Fleurs No. 1 à Paris. Rinaldi 23; ADL; RSW.
CHEVALLIER, A. France, c.1830, MIM Sundial = CLO. probably misreading for Arthur Chevalier, which see. Paris. Baillie 1; RSW.
CHEVALLIER, JEAN-GABRIEL-AUGUSTIN France, 1778-1848 fl.1796-1840, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Theodolite = Versailles 4/17/83; Barometer = D.(1969); Sundials = CLO, Soth. 5/10/54; Microscopes = OXF, BIL, MIM; Surveying Compass = Drouot 4/26/67; Hygrometer = Drouot 3/9/70; Cannon Sundials = ADL-W104, VNN; Sandglass = NAWCC Museum, Pa.; Sundial = Capt. Hallett House, Mass.; etc. theodolite is signed "l'Ingénieur Chevallier Place de Pont Neuf 15, Paris"; its telescope is signed "Réparée par l'ingénieur Chevallier opticien du Roi à Paris"; author; last four instruments signed "L'Ing. Chevallier Place de Pont Neuf 15, Paris." coin de Quai de l'Horloge (1796); Place de Pont Neuf 15; both in Paris. Daumas 1; Purtle; Nachet; Brieux 3(1967); Moskowitz 105; RSW; Kosobutsky; G.L'E. Turner 24; Coffeen 11; ADL.
CHEVALLIER, MAISON DE France, 1900, OIM Telescope, with stand = D.(1989). "Maison de l'Ingr. Chevallier Optn"; succeeded by Avizard Frères. Place de Pont Neuf 15; 21 Rue Royal; both in Paris. Moskowitz 132; RSW.
CHEVILLE France, c.1796, PHIM Money Balance = Versailles 11/19/78, 4/17/83. 1978 instrument signed "Cheville Père marchand balancier ajusteur poids des espèces d'or et d'argent"; 1983 signed "Cheville Marchand balancier, ajusteur" plus address. à l'I courronné, rue St. Denis, vis à vis la rue des Lombards No. 341, Paris. RSW.
CHEZY, ANTOINE DE France, 1718-98, MIM Instruments, 1751 = Trudaine (1751); Level = CNAM. perfected levels by smoothing the inside of the tube. Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet.
CHIARANDA, J.P. Italy, c.1701, Father J.P. Chiaranda; designed sundials; author. Morpurgo 1.
CHICKERING, NATHANIEL USA, 1750-1837, MIM records at the South Natick, Mass. Historical Society Museum show that he made "a compass" in 1780. Dover, Mass. Smart 1.
CHICKIE, FRANCIS Scotlandfl.1827-29, PHIM barometer maker. 127 Broad Street (1827); 127 Gallowgate (1828); 48 Broad Street (1829); all in Aberdeen. Bryden 3.
CHIDGOR Russia, MIM Sundial = GEL. instrument maker to the Chamber of Instruments. RSW.
CHIESA see Greener and Chiesa.
CHIESA, JOS. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Macclesfield. Goodison 1.
CHIESA, JOSH England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2). one signed "J. Chiesa Manchester"; the other "Josh Chiesa Manchester." Manchester. Goodison 1.
CHILD, HENRY England, fl.1832-68, MIM OIM PHIM apprenticed to James Gardner of the Grocers' Company, March 5, 1807 for 7 years. 3 Barnet Street, Lambeth; 66 Vauxhall Walk; both in London. J. Brown 2; Taylor 2(1804); Crawforth 6.
CHILD, JOHN USA, MIM Astronomical Clock = Library Company, Philadelphia, Pa. Philadelphia, Pa. RSW.
CHILDREY, JOSHUA England, 1623-70, claimed to have designed three telescopes; Faversham, Kent. Taylor 1(209); Dewhirst; Evans 1.
CHILMEAD, JOHN England, c.1695, MIM globe maker. London. Globus, June, 1963.
CHILTON, GEORGE England USA, fl.1800-36, MIM PHIM invented a rain-gauge, barometer, hygrometer, etc.; made astronomical instruments. New York, N.Y. (1800). USNM; D.J. Warner 6.
CHIPLEY, S.E. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
CHIQUET, JEAN-BAPTISTE NOEL France, 1722-c.1794, OIM Microscope, rosewood, 1788 = D.(1968). Jean-Baptist Noël Chiquet; "Breveté Ingénieur du Roi" in 1791; succeeded by Jacquet 1. rue du Haut Moulin près le Pont Nôtre-Dame, Paris. Daumas 1; Brieux 2; Nachet.
CHIRIGI, RAFAELLO Italy, 1812, MIM Celestial Globe, 1812 = ROM. Naples. RSW.
CHISHOLM, W.F. USA, NIM T.C. 101 Main Street, Gloucester, Mass. Moskowitz; RSW.
CHISLETT, A. England, fl.1850-56, MIM NIM OIM SIM Dumpy Level = D.(1984); Marine Compass, 1854 = NMM. T.C. see A. Chislett and M'Call. 27 Greenfield Street, Commercial Road (East), London. Moskowitz 127; NMM 2; RSW.
CHISLETT, A., AND M'CALL England, c.1850, NIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie-SK 10/20/89. "late Gilkerson"; John M'Call shared Gilkerson address. 8 Postern Row, Tower Hill, London. RSW.
CHIZHER, D. NICHOLAS Russia, c.1750, MIM Sundials = MLL(2), GEL. also designed sundials. Chenekal 1.
CHLASNER, O. Austria, 1567, MIM Astronomical Clock, 1567 = Capodimonte Observatory, Naples. Innsbruck. RSW.
CHOARET France, 18th Century, see Brulat et Choaret. Merzbach.
CHOATE AND ALDER USA, c.1857, NIM Tell-Tale Compass = MYS; Marine Compass = MYS. see Choate, Alder and Topham. New Bedford, Mass. D.J. Warner 10; RSW.
CHOATE, ALDER AND TOPHAM USA, c.1859, NIM George Choate and William D. Alder. New Bedford, Mass. D.J. Warner 10.
CHOATE, GEORGE W. USA, fl.1845-56, NIM T.C.; in instrument case at Mystic Seaport, Conn.; repaired instruments for Charles Taber and Co., 1856; see Choate, Alder and Topham. New Bedford, Mass. D.J. Warner 10; RSW.
CHOISY see Choizy.
CHOIX, SAUTOUT France, see Sautout-Choizy. Evans 1.
CHOIXEGUE France, c.1830, engraved an astronomical and perpetual calendar made by Mlle. Ginot Desrois. RSW.
CHOIZI France, c.1740, MIM Sundial, oval, silver = D. Choizy? Paris. Weil 2(25).
CHOIZY 1 France, 1667, MIM SIM Graphometer, 1667 = Landau = NMM; Sundials, silver = Bernard = NMM, AND-SPI; Sundials = OXF, P.C., D.(1976); Butterfield-type Sundials = OXF, P.C.; Circumferentor = Huelsmann Coll. may appear to be signed "Choisy." Paris. Daumas 1; MADEX; Nachet; USNM; Gunther 2; Brieux 3; Syndram; RSW.
CHOIZY 2 France, see Sautout-Choizy.
CHOIZY, F.V. France, c.1750, MIM Universal Ring Sundials = FIN-156, OXF; Sundial = AND-SPI-19; Compass and Quadrant = Soth. 6/9/39. Paris. Michel 3; RSW.
CHOIZY, J. France, 18th Century, MIM Horizontal Sundial, oval, case = Phillips 10/26/83. Evans and Nachet list him as "J. Choisy." Paris. Nachet; Evans 1; RSW.
CHOPPIN France, 18th Century, OIM Microscope = X. may be Ch. Oppin. Nachet.
CHOQUART France, c.1770, OIM microscope maker. Quai de l'Horloge, Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet.
CHOREZ, DANIEL France, fl.1616-25, MIM OIM Henrion-type Sectors = X (1616), Royal Institute of British Architects. also designed a binocular telescope; made telescopes and microscopes; "Opticien." rue de Périgueux de Marais; l'isle Nôtre Dame at the Sign "Au Compas"; both in Paris. Daumas 1; Boffito; Nachet; A.J. Turner 10.
CHORLEY, T. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
CHOULE, ROBERT see Robert Jole. Taylor 1(334); Dewhirst; Evans 1.
CHOUR, FERRER ARVERNA France, pre-1690, OIM mentioned by Bonani in 1690 as an instrument maker. Paris. Clay and Court.
CHOVIN MIM Rule, meter, walnut = Christie-SK 2/9/84. emblem of clasped hands. RSW.
CHRICHTON 1 England, c.1795, NIM Quadrant, ebony = MYS. London. RSW.
CHRICHTON 2 England, c.1820, MIM NIM OIM Microscopes = Soth. 9/20/83, Christie-SK 11/15/79; Protractor = East India Company; Protractor and Rule = Soth. 11/1/65; Sextant = McKee Museum, Florida; Artillery Calipers = Snowshill Manor; Octants = SPI-2776, RJK, D.(1985); Gunter Rule = D.(1985). calipers also signed "E.I.C.; could be John Crichton 2 or Joseph Crichton. London. Dewhirst; Coffeen 11; RSW.
CHRICHTON 3 see Crichton.
CHRICHTON, JAMES Scotland, fl.1785-1835, PHIM Grammer School Wynd (1785); 129 allowgate (1789); Charlotte Street (1790-1811); 5 Charlotte Street (1812) (1826-35); 2 Charlotte Street (1813-18) (1820-25); 9 Charlotte Street (1819); all in Glasgow. Bryden 3.
CHRICHTON, JOHN see John Crichton 2. Coffeen 10; RSW.
CHRISTENSEN, H.P. Denmark, PHIM Stick Barometer = Den Gamle By, Aarhus; Marine Barometer = Heathcote, Ball and Co. 2/1/90. Randers. RSW.
CHRISTIAENSEN, CHRISTIAEN MIM Compass, ivory box = BMR; Compass Sundial, ivory box = P.C. BMR compass card is pivoted. Price 2.
CHRISTIAENSON, GERRIT MIM Compass Sundial, ivory box = TIM. round. RSW.
CHRISTIAN, GEORGE England, NIM Sextant = MYS; Octant = FRK-OC2. Liverpool. Frank; RSW.
CHRISTIAN, JOHN England, c.1772, MIM apprenticed to John Gilbert 2 of the Grocers' Company on July 7, 1772. London. J. Brown 1.
CHRISTIAN, THOMAS England, fl.1790-1820, MIM NIM Octant = NMM. 102 Strand, London. Taylor 2(939); NMM 2.
CHRISTIE, ELIZABETH England, c.1838, MIM OIM PHIM 32 Warner Street, New Kent Road, London. Taylor 2(2099).
CHRISTIE, GEORGE England, fl.1794-1837, MIM OIM Leigh on Mendip, near Frome; 11 Strand, Liverpool. Taylor 2(940).
CHRISTMANN, JAKOB Germany, 1554-1613, NIM OIM made telescopes, Jacob's staves, sextant; said to be first to apply telescopes to instruments. Heidelberg. Zinner 1; Goldschmidt 66.
CHRISTON France, 1743, proposed inverted Celsius scale for thermometer. Lyon. RSW.
CHRISTOPH, ANTHON 1772, MIM Instrument, 1772 = GIM. Maistrov 4.
CHRISTOPHER, WILLIAM England, owner; marked on a Hadley's quadrant signed "William Scatcliff 1759." RSW.
CHRYSOLGUE, NOEL ANDRE France, 1778, MIM Pair of Celestial Planispheres, 1778 = D.(1978). "par le R.R. (Noël André) Chrysolgue deGry en Franche-Comté, Capuchin 1778." Franche-Comté. Moskowitz 116.
CHURCHILL, GARDNER ASAPH USA, 1839-96, MIM SIM see Loring and Churchill. Boston, Mass. Smart 1.
CHURCHMAN, JOHN USA, 1753-1805, MIM the third John Churchman in his family; surveyor; produced a perpetual motion machine operated by magnetic power; made for him by Ellis Chandlee c.1785. Nottingham, Md. Bedini 8.
CIATTI, PIETRO Italy, 1798, MIM Rule, wood, 1798 = FLO-529. invented and made it. Bonelli 1; Michel 3.
CICERI AND PINI Scotland, fl.1850?-58, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(4), RSM, D.(1997). all the recorded barometers except the D. one, show the Calton Street address; the firm was succeeded by P.D. Torre and Co. 8-9 Calton Street; 81 Leith Street (1852-58); both in Edinburgh. Goodison 1; Clarke et al; ATG 3/29/97.
CICERI, C., ET CIE. France, c.1800, PHIM Pyrometer = CNAM. sold instruments by English makers. rue Saint-Honoré; rue du Faubourg-Saint-Martin; both in Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet.
CICERI, J. AND J., MANTICA AND TORRE Scotland, c.1840, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 5/18/89. succeeded by P.D. Torre and Co. which also succeeded Ciceri and Pini. Edinburgh. Clarke et al; RSW.
CICERI, P. AND A. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
CICERINI AMD PINI misreading for Ciceri and Pini. ATG 3/20/97.
CIMBERLINUS see Cimerlinus.
CIMERLINUS, ALBERTUS Austria?, fl.1560-70, instrument drawings in BM Print Room. Vienna? Evans 1.
CIMERLINUS, JOANNES PAULUS Italy, fl.1560-66, MIM Nocturnals, paper, 1565 = P.C., Munich State Library; Quadrants, printed = BM Print Room; Astrolabe, printed = NUR. engraved world map, 1566; J.P. Zimmerlin? Verona. Michel 14; Evans 1; Weil 2(25).
CIMOLIN, P. GASPAR Italy, c.1700, MIM Pillar Sundial, wood = VEN. for 45°. Venice. Price 2; Evans 1; RSW.
CINDEN, G. see P. Gaspar Cimolin. Evans 1.
CINGELING, HK. VAN Holland, c.1805, MIM Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1.
CINGELING, WEDUWE HK. VAN Holland, c.1809, MIM succeeded her husband, HK. van Cingeling. Achterburgwal, vis-à-vis le Bloemmarktsteeg, Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1.
CINISELLI, LUIGI Italy, 1803-78, PHIM made electrical apparatus. Pavia (1803); Cremona. Brenni 1.
CIOVINO, ANT. Holland, c.1750, PHIM made very large mercury thermometers. Amsterdam. USNM.
CIQUINO, ANTHONIO Holland; England, c.1750, OIM PHIM T.C.; made barometers and thermometers; sold lenses. Le Nes, allée Lombaert, Drie Veerglazen, Amsterdam; London. Daumas 1; USNM; Taylor 2(457); Van Cittert 3.
CIRILLO, JOSEPH Italy, 1789, MIM Alidade with Rule, 1789 = D.(1997). "Joseph Cirillo fecit"; rule signed "Due palmi Napolitani." Naples? Coffeen 56.
CITTELI, PASQUALE Italy, fl.1832-42, MIM PHIM SIM Cannon Sundial, 1832 = PRA; Plane Table Alidade = P.C.; Rule = Soth. 10/17/60-132. instruments signed "Citteli Milan." lungo il Naviglio, alla sinistra del Ponte di Porta Tosa, Terza Porta, No. 300, Milan. Horsky and Skopova; Brenni 1; RSW.
CIZL, MARTIN see Martin Gizl. Zinner 1.
CLAGGETT, WILLIAM USA, 1684-1749, NIM made marine compasses; devised electrical machines. Boston, Mass. Champlin.
CLAP, THOMAS USA, 1703-67, president of Yale University; constructed an orrery in 1743. New Haven, Conn. Bedini 8.
CLARCKSON England, MIM SIM Theodolite, case = Drouot 6/15/65. London. RSW.
CLARE, PETER 1 England, fl.1764-1811, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. may be by Peter Clare 2, his son; Taylor thought that they were the same person. Manchester. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(699); Baillie 1.
CLARE, PETER 2 England, 1781-1851, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. may be by Peter Clare 1, his father; Taylor thought that 1 and 2 were the same person. Manchester. Goodison 1; Baillie 1; Taylor 2(699).
CLARK 1 Ireland, c.1820, PHIM made sets of solids; probably Edward Clark. Sackville Street, Dublin. Bryden 9.
CLARK 2 USA, pre-1870, see Wolfe and Clark's.
CLARK 3 England, PHIM Aneroid Barometer = Christie-SK 11/27/86. 20 Old Bond Street, London. RSW.
CLARK AND SON Scotland, c.1850, PHIM Barometer = Soth.-S 7/23/87. Greenock. RSW.
CLARK, ALVAN USA, 1804-87, OIM the most notable American telescope maker of the nineteenth century; many of his lenses are still in use in modern mountings; tube and mounting 18.5" (1863) = ADL-G33 & L35. Prospect Street (pre-1860); Henry Street (1860); both in Cambridge , Mass. D.J. Warner 1; DSB; ADL; RSW.
CLARK, ALVAN GRAHAM USA, 1832-97, OIM son of Alvan Clark; worked with his father and brother, George Bassett Clark; did the optical work. Cambridge, Mass. D.J. Warner 1: DSB.
CLARK, ALVAN, AND SONS USA, c.1850-97, OIM Telescope, 1896 = ADL-A206. Alvan Clark and his sons, George Bassett and Alvan Graham Clark. Cambridge, Mass. D.J. Warner 1; DSB; ADL; RSW.
CLARK, E.M. England, c.1835, see E.M. Clarke. London. KEN.
CLARK, FREDERICK HARVEY USA, 1811-66, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = P.C. New York, N.Y.(1829-34); Memphis, Tenn. (1849-66). Smart 1.
CLARK, GEORGE BASSETT USA, 1827-91, OIM son of Alvan Clark; worked with his father and brother, Alvan Graham Clark; did the mechanical work; see Alvan Clark and Sons. Cambridge, Mass. D.J. Warner 1; DSB.
CLARK, HORATIO USA, 1772-1833, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland, Ohio. clockmaker. Bennington, Vermont. Smart 1; USNM; Bedini 17.
CLARK, J. Scotland, fl.1751-76, OIM Magnifying Instrument Set = LAW; Microscopes,= WHI (1751), KEN (1776). James 1 or John 3 Clark. Edinburgh. Whipple 1; Clay and Court; Morrison-Low.
CLARK, JACOB 1 Scotland, 18th Century, MIM Double Horizontal Sundials = Phillips 12/2/87, RSM. Phillips also marked "TH MD" and a Scottish thistle; see Jacob Clark 2. Edinburgh. Somerville; RSW.
CLARK, JACOB 2 Scotland, c.1800, MIM OIM Microscope = CRI. Dundee. Gunther 2; Bryden 3.
CLARK, JAMES 1 Scotland, fl. 1756-74, OIM Microscope, 1774 = WHI. may have been apprenticed to John Yeoman. Edinburgh. Taylor 2(458) & 2(675a); Daumas 1; Whipple 1; Clarke et al.
CLARK, JAMES 2 England, c.1822, OIM 13 Smith Street, Sheffield. Taylor 2(1511).
CLARK, JOHN 1 England, fl.1667-72, OIM free of the Spectaclemakers' Company, c.1667; took apprentices. Leadenhall Street, London. Dewhirst; Court and von Rohr 3(19).
CLARK, JOHN 2 England, 1742, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1742 = ex-Salford Priory; Perpetual Calendar = Cranbrook Institute of Science, Mich. Petworth. Gatty; Evans 1; USNM.
CLARK, JOHN 3 Scotland, fl.1749-96, OIM Microscopes = P.C., KEN(3), EMA, CRI, WHI, OXF, KEN (1776), OXF (1773, 1774, 1776), RSM (1749, 1751, 1775, 1776), P.C. (1774), etc. goldsmith; designed a simple microscope in 1754. at James Gilliland's, Jeweller, upper-end of the Luckenbooths (1749); Parliament Close (1751-55); Sir Isaac Newton's Head, a little above the Guard, north side of the High Street (1773-82); all in Edinburgh. Bryden 3 & 4; Taylor 2(700); Nachet; Clay and Court; KEN; Morrison-Low 1; A.J. Turner 10; RSW.
CLARK, JOHN 4 USA, c.1839, MIM son of William Clark. 122 South Front Street, Philadelphia, Pa. Smart 1.
CLARK, JOHN 5 England; USA, 1815-90, MIM Washington, D.C. Smart 1.
CLARK, JOHN 6 England, PHIM Angle Barometer = X. Chester. Goodison 1.
CLARK, LATIMER England, c.1845, PHIM Galvanometer = P.C. also marked "Muirhead and Co. Ltd." Westminster, London. RSW.
CLARK, MATHEW England, c.1752, OIM apprenticed to George Bass, OIM, in the Spectaclemakers' Company on Sept. 30, 1742; free of the Company on Oct. 5, 1752. Court and von Rohr 3(148).
CLARK, PETER England, c.1693, MIM apprenticed to John Worgan of the Grocers' Company on Dec. 4, 1693. London. J. Brown 1.
CLARK, ROBERT 1 England; USA, c.1785, MIM OIM PHIM also made clocks. London; 5 1/2 Church Street, Tradd and Church Street, Charleston, South Carolina (1785). Bedini 1; Smart 1; Britten; USNM; Baillie 1.
CLARK, ROBERT 2 England, fl.1836-45, PHIM made barometers and thermometers. 2 Whartons Place, High Holborn (1836); 27 Brook Street, Holborn Bars (1838-45); both in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(2100).
CLARK, THOMAS 1 England, c.1697, MIM apprenticed to Charles Crick 1 of the Grocers' Company on Aug. 1, 1692; turned over to John Nash 2, a member of the Clockmakers' Company, on July 16, 1697. London. J. Brown 1.
CLARK, THOMAS 2 England, fl.1846-57, PHIM barometer and thermometer maker. 20 Kirby Street, London. Goodison 1.
CLARK, WILLIAM USA, fl.1837-60, MIM OIM PHIM SIM see William Clark and Son. 122 South Front Street, Philadelphia, Pa. Smart 1; USNM.
CLARK, WILLIAM, AND SON USA, fl.1837-46, MIM NIM OIM SIM Surveying Compasses = P.C.(2). son was John Clark 4, which see; may have dealt in those instruments labeled "Warranted." 122 South Front Street, Philadelphia, Pa. Smart 1; USNM; Warner 14; RSW.
CLARKE 1 England, c.1830, OIM Microscope = ESS; Electrical Apparatuses = D., Dr. Pearson sale, c.1848. London. USNM; Brieux 3; Chaldecott 3; RGO.
CLARKE 2 England, see Husbands and Clarke. Bristol.
CLARKE 3 England, pre-1825, designed "Clarkes Improved Hydrometer" before 1825, they were made by Dring and Fage. London. Moskowitz 103; Coffeen 27.
CLARKE AND SON England, fl.1822-34, NIM William Clarke 2 and Son. 13 Wapping Wall, London. Taylor 2(942).
CLARKE, C.F. England, 19th Century, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Phillips 2/2/84. St. Ives. RSW.
CLARKE, E., AND CO. Ireland, fl.1823-33, MIM PHIM see Edward Clarke. 83 Dame Street, Dublin. Bryden 9.
CLARKE, EDWARD 1 Ireland, fl.1810-32, MIM OIM PHIM Compass Sundial = P.C.(1982); Sundial, portable = EGE; Inclinable Sundial = Soth. 7/26/65 = D.(1965); Microscopes = EGE, Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland; Theodolite = P.C. see Spear and Clarke; see E. Clarke and Co. 18 Lower Sackville Street (1810-12); 10 Lower Sackville Street (1819-21); 84 Dame Street (1830); 83 Dame Street (1832); all in Dublin. Bryden 9; Moskowitz 106; Egestorff; Morrison-Low and Burnett; RSW.
CLARKE, EDWARD 2 England, c.1833, PHIM Magnetic Induction Machines = D.(1971), KEN. worked for Watkins and Hill, 1833. Moskowitz 102.
CLARKE, EDWARD MARMADUKE England, fl.1804-50, OIM PHIM Hydrometers = U.S. Military Academy, West Point, N.Y., Auction (1804), Soth.(1960); Electro-magnetic Apparatus = KEN; Air Pump = Soth.-B 4/7/82. most writers refer to him as "Edward Montague Clarke"; made polariscopes, microscopes; T.C.; "Optician and Magnetician"; "Philosophical Instrument Maker by appointment to the Royal University of Christiana, Sweden and to the Zoological Society of London." 11 Lowther Arcade, Strand; 9 Agar Street, West Strand; 428 Strand and Rodney Iron Works, Battersea, Surrey (1847); all, except Surrey are in London. G.L'E. Turner 24; Taylor 2(1099); Calvert 2; USNM; Crawforth 1; Chaldecott 3; Ragozzino and Schetino; RSW.
CLARKE, EDWARD MONTAGUE see Edward Marmaduke Clarke. Chaldecott 3.
CLARKE, J. England, Water Clock = D.(1969). modern copy. Devonport. RSW.
CLARKE, JAMES 1 England, fl.1792-1808, MIM apprenticed to Richard Rust of the Grocers' Company on June 4, 1779; free of the Company, Dec. 6, 1792; took apprentices; sometimes spelled "Clerk." No. 28 Ratcliffe Highway (1792); No. 7 Jealous Row, New Road (1802); Goodman's Fields (1808); all in London. J. Brown 1.
CLARKE, JAMES 2 England, c.1836, MIM 103 York Street, Commercial Road, London. O'Mara.
CLARKE, JOHN 1 Scotland, 1776, OIM Microscope, 1776 = RSM. Edinburgh. RSW.
CLARKE, JOHN 2 see the John Clarks. Dewhirst.
CLARKE, MARK England, c.1720, MIM apprenticed to Thomas Feilder of the Clockmakers' Company on March 7, 1720. J. Brown 3.
CLARKE, ROBERT England, c.1662, apprenticed to William Howe in the Grocers' Company in 1662. J. Brown 1.
CLARKE, STEPHEN England, c.1653, apprenticed to John Brown 6 in the Joiners' Company in 1646; free in the Company in 1653. Crawforth 7.
CLARKE, THOMAS USA, engraved compass cards for William Davenport. Philadelphia, Pa. Bedini 8.
CLARKE, W. England, c.1850, NIM Octant, ivory scale and vernier = D.(1972). Lowestoft. Moskowitz 104.
CLARKE, WILLIAM 1 England, 1743, NIM Backstaves = P.C. (1743), U.S. Naval Academy Museum, Annapolis, Md. Union Stairs in Wapping, London. RSW.
CLARKE, WILLIAM 2 England, fl.1797-1822, NIM made quadrants and compasses. 13 Wapping Wall, London. Taylor 2(942).
CLARKSON England, OIM Telescopes = D.(1969), D.(1970), Christie 7/28/70. made refracting telescopes; see Broadhurst, Clarkson and Co. 63 Farringdon Road, London. RSW.
CLARKSON, A. England, OIM Microscope = Soth. 10/22/76. London. RSW.
CLATHOUT USA, see Meneely and Clathout. West Troy, N.Y. RSW.
CLAUDET, ANTOINE FRANCOIS JEAN England, 1797-1867, OIM Reflecting Stereoscope = KEN. Antoine François Jean Claudet. 18 King William Street; 107 Regent Street (1851); both in London. KEN.
CLAUDIUS, RICHARD c.1646, MIM Astrolabe, wood = MAS; Celestial and Terrestrial Planispheres = MAS. ICA-571; brass rule on astrolabe. Price 1; ICA 2; Garcia Franco 2; RSW.
CLAVIUS, CHRISTOPHER Germany, 1537-1612, worked on dividing an arc; designed sundials and astrolabes; author. Bamberg. Zinner 1; Daumas 1; Boursier; DSB.
CLAXTON AND MORTON England, c.1842, MIM 27 Harrington Street, Hatton Garden, London (1842). O'Mara.
CLAXTON AND PROTHERO England, c.1847, MIM 27 Harrington Street, Hatton Garden, London (1847). O'Mara.
CLAXTON AND WIGHTMAN USA, c.1835, PHIM Timothy Claxton and Joseph M. Wightman; made philosophical apparatus for schools. Boston, Mass. (1835). USNM; D.J. Warner 6.
CLAXTON, TIMOTHY England; USAfl.c.1825-50, PHIM founded the Mechanical Institution in London; invented an air pump and produced many of them; took Joseph Milner Wightman as a partner in Claxton and Wightman; made philosophical apparatus for schools. Boston, Mass. D.J. Warner 6.
CLAY England, c.1675, MIM Sundial once owned by Robert Hooke. Taylor 1(382); Evans 1.
CLAY, C. England, c.1800, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Pickford, Hertford 4/10/97. Messingham. ATG 4/5/97.
CLAY, JAMES England, c.1772, apprenticed to Joseph Hill of the Grocers' Company on Feb. 4, 1772. J. Brown 1.
CLEARS, J. England, c.1753, OIM apprenticed to John Cuff in the Spectaclemakers' Company; free of the Company in 1753. Fleet Street, London. Robischon.
CLEAVER, SAMUEL England, fl.1845-49, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. signed "Cleaver London"; also made thermometers. 30 Theobalds Road, London. Goodison 1.
CLEAVES, NATHANIEL USA, c.1839, MIM PHIM Hydrometer, silver = Salem Maritime Nat'l Historic Site, Mass.; Slide Rule = MYS. invented a silver hydrometer; successor to J.W. Harris, Boston, Mass. Boston, Mass. RSW.
CLEEVE, JOH. England, d.1813, MIM Globe, Celestial, wood = VAA; Globe, Celestial and Planisphere = WHI. wooden globe signed "Cleeve." Price 12; Grimaldi.
CLEMENS, FR. Italy, fl.1638-40, MIM Pillar Sundial, ivory, 1638 = VEN; Nocturnal, with shadow square, 1640 = VNM. pillar sundial is for 45°. Venice. RSW.
CLEMENT, JOSEPH England, pre-1819, invented an ellipsograph. Gunther 8; G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
CLEMENT, WILLIAM England, fl.1677-99, MIM admitted as Brother in the Clockmakers' Company in 1677; Master of the Company, 1693. Evans 1; Robischon.
CLEMENTS see Joseph Clement.
CLENCH, J. England, c.1810, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth. 9/28/95. London. RSW.
CLEPHIN, JOHN England, c.1790, apprenticed to John Blake in the Joiners' Company, Sept. 24, 1776; free in the Company on Jan. 12, 1790. Crawforth 7.
CLERET France, c.1720, PHIM Barometer and Thermometer = Bonnier de la Mosson Coll. Sometimes C. Leret a Rouen Nachet; Gersaint. WEBDB.
CLERGET France, c.1750, MIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums, including a graphometer at Musée Loraine, Nancy marked "L'Appartien à Jean de St. Loire Architect du Feu, Roy de Pologne." some appear to be signed "C. Lerget" [?]. au Butterfield, Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet; Michel 3; Price 12; Gunther 3; Bryden 9; Moskowitz 103; Coffeen B; Trois Siècles; Paris 1900; RSW.
CLERGUET misreading for "Clerget." Nachet; Coffeen B.
CLERK, JAMES see James Clarke 1. J. Brown 1.
CLERKE, GILBERT England, 1626-97?, MIM made sundials to order; author. Cambridge; Luffenham. Taylor 1(220).
CLERTY England, c.1760, succeeded by John Goater, c.1760. RSW.
CLIFFORD, ED. England, c.1840, MIM PHIM 42 Old Bond Street, London. O'Mara.
CLIFFORD, WHYNOT WILLIAM England, c.1741, apprenticed to Henry Craford in the Grocers' Company in 1741. J. Brown 1.
CLIFT, C. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. 3 New Inn Yard, Shoreditch. Goodison 1.
CLINNICK, WILLIAM England, c.1840, MIM PHIM 34 York Street, City Road, London. O'Mara.
CLOCHE, A LA France, 17th Century, Sundial with Italian hours = MADEX-97. this is surely an address, "à la Cloche." MADEX.
CLOESE, BERNARD VAN DER Holland, fl.1688-1712, MIM Sphere = LEY. clockmaker; father of Jacob van der Cloese; member of the Clockmakers' Guild. The Hague. Rooseboom 1; Daumas 1; Price 2.
CLOESE, JACOB VAN DER Holland, 1690-1766, MIM PHIM Pedometer = LEY; Heliostats = LEY, The Hague. also made clocks and pyrometers; son of Bernard van der Cloese; made a garden sundial, designed by P. de Laraux, in 1711. The Hague; Leiden (1718-66). Rooseboom 1; Crommelin; USNM; Daumas 1.
CLOESEN see Cloese. Rooseboom 1.
CLOOTE Holland, MIM globe maker. Globus, June, 1963.
CLOUGH, JERE USA, 18th Century, MIM SIM Surveying Compass, wood = Streeter Coll., Yale University. Boston, Mass.? RSW.
CLUSKEY, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Boston. Goodison 1.
COAD England?, c.1850, patented a graduated galvanic battery. Antique Show, Boston, 1969.
COAKE England, c.1671, MIM Evans 1.
COALLY AND CO. England, 19th Century, PHIM Wheel Barometer with Thermometer = K. and C. 10/8/75. London. RSW.
COATSFIELD, JOHN England, c.1682, MIM apprenticed by turnover to Robert Starr of the Clockmakers' Company on May 18, 1682. J. Brown 3.
COBHAM, JOHN England, c.1737, MIM apprenticed to Richard Bennett 2 of the Clockmakers' Company on Oct. 29, 1729; turned over to John Bennett 6 of the Clockmakers'Company on May 16, 1732; free of the Company, Oct. 10, 1737; took apprentices. Scroop's Court, Holborn, London. J. Brown 3.
COBHAM, STOCKLEY England, fl.1737-87, MIM apprenticed to James Wilson of the Clockmakers' Company on July 4, 1723; free of the Company, Oct 10, 1737; took apprentices. Scroop's Court, Holborn, London. J. Brown 3.
COBURN, J. England, 1756, MIM Sundial, 1756 = Christie-SK 2/2/77. London. RSW.
COCART, JUANIN Spain; Belgiumfl.1596-1600, MIM Universal Equatorial Sundials = KEN (1596), OXF (1596), VIE (1598), MAN (1599), Christie 4/3/85 (1599), POB (1600), P.C. (1600); Diptych Sundial, 1600 = D.(1986). clockmaker to Charles V; Christie and D.(1986) sundials made in Madrid. Madrid (1599); Brussels. Guye et Michel; Michel 3 and 14; Garcia Franco 1; Garcia Diego; Trois Siècles; Ward 3; Baillie 1; Zinner 4; KEN; Queries, SIS Bull. No. 12; RSW.
COCER Austria, MIM Horizontal Sundial = P. and S. 3/8/1895. Vienna. Evans 1.
COCHRAN, JOHN England, c.1773, apprenticed to Charles Fairbone 1 in the Grocers' Company on Jan. 7, 1773. J. Brown 1.
COCK England, c.1800, MIM Gauger's Slide Rule and Rod = KEN; Measuring Rod, boxwood and brass = Soth.-Chester 6/26/85. "Cock, maker London." London. KEN; RSW.
COCK AND HUGHES England, c.1790, MIM Dipping Measure, wood = D. "Makers to the Excise." London. RSW.
COCK AND REEVES England, post-1650, OIM Daumas 1.
COCK, CHRISTOPHER angland, fl.1660-97, OIM Objective Glass, 1668 = WHI; Telescope, 1673 = KEN; Microscope = WHI. apprenticed to Richard Reeves 1 in the Spectaclemakers' Company; admitted as Brother to the Company in 1680; free of the Turners' Company in 1697; had worked with Reeves 1; employed by Hooke, Newton, Flamsteed and Gregory. Long Acre, London (1673). Taylor 1(285); Daumas 1; G.L'E. Turner 17; KEN; Evans 1; USNM; Dewhirst; Price 12; Clay and Court; Court and Von Rohr 3 & 4; Robischon; RSW.
COCK, JOHN England, fl.1710-11, OIM glass grinder; son of Chistopher Cock?; free of the Turners' Company before 1710; not a member of the Spectaclemakers' Company; made perspective glasses.. Coach and Garter, Long Acre, London. Taylor 1(452); Dewhirst; Evans 1; Court and Von Rohr 3(VII); Robischon.
COCK, THOMAS England, c.1750, MIM Instrument = WHI. mathematical teacher. Cirencester. Taylor 2(459).
COCKE see Cock.
COCKER England, c.1664, MIM arithmetician; writing master; engraved a silvered small rule, made by John Brown 1, for Samuel Pepys. London. Rabone 1.
COCKEY, EDWARD England, c.1790, MIM Astronomical Clock = Longleat House, Wilts. Warminster. Britten; RSW.
COCKNEY, EDWARD Edward Cockey? Britten.
COCKS see Cox; see Cock. Taylor 1(285).
COCQUART, JENNIN see Juan Cocart. Michel 14.
COCQUER, JUAN see Juan Cocart. A.J. Turner 10.
CODART France, c.1580, MIM globe maker. Globus, Dec., 1958.
CODDINGTON, H. England, c.1830, Rev. H. Coddington; designed a thick single lens microscope which was made by William Cary. Nachet; Chaldecott 3; RGO.
COE, GEORGE England, c.1786, apprenticed to John Karmock in the Grocers' Company on Dec. 7, 1786. J. Brown 1.
COECIUS Italy?, 1622, MIM Globe, Celestial, 1622 = Doge's Palace, Venice. Caecius = Blaeu. Grimaldi(727); Price 2.
COENRAEDT, JAN Holland, c.1742, MIM Amstelstraat, Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
COFFEY, J., AND J. SMITH England, c.1850, MIM 4 Providence Row, Finsbury, London. G.L'E. Turner 24.
COFFIN England, fl.1672-74, OIM made telescope and microscope tubes; carpenter or joiner; worked for Robert Hooke. Taylor 1(355).
COFFIN, JAMES H. USA, c.1837, PHIM Wind Vane = USNM. made meteorological instruments. Ogdensburg, N.Y. USNM; Middleton 4.
COFFIN, R. England, 18th Century, MIM Vertical Declining Sundial = D.(1980) = ADL-W95. for 50°31'. Oxon. Moskowitz 121; ADL; RSW.
COFFIN, T. USA, c.1825, MIM SIM Wine Gauging Rod, wood = D.(1981); Surveying Compass, wood = D.(1980). Newburyport, Mass. Moskowitz 117.
COFSA probably misreading for Cossa. RSW.
COGGER England, 18th Century, MIM Garden Sundial = D.(1969). Maidstone. RSW.
COGGESHALL, HENRY England, 1623-90, MIM Coggeshall Rule = KEN. invented a slide rule with a Gunter-type logarithmic scale, 1677; author; developed a hinged slide rule with girt line for calculating timber in 1682. Suffolk. G.L'E. Turner 24; Taylor 1(210); KEN; Delehar 2 and 9.; A.J. Turner 10.
COGGS, I. England, MIM NIM PHIM Universal Ring Sundials = Snowshill Manor, D.(1969); Compass Sundials = VCW, P.C.; Holland Circle = Libert et Castor 4/28/82; Compass = D.(1985); Circumferentor = P.C.. may be John Coggs 1 or 2. Fleet Street, London. Coffeen 9; A.J. Turner 10; RSW.
COGGS, I., AND N. HILL England, post-1730, MIM Terrestrial Globe, stand = Christie 5/5/83. may be later label? John Coggs 1 or 2 with Nathaniel Hill. The Globe and Sun near St. Dunstan's Church, Fleet Street, London. Taylor 2(25 and 242); RSW.
COGGS, JOHN 1 England, fl.1715-40, MIM PHIM Universal Ring Sundials = FIN, Kenny, Soth. 7/15/63, and 11/16/87; Sundial, circular = Soth. 6/9/77; Compass Sundials = OXF(2); Table Sundial = FIN;; Ellipsograph = Soth. 10/17/60; Butterfield-type Sundial, silver = Soth. 3/27/72. freeman of the Pewterers' Company 1712; barometer maker; had worked with John Rowley; T.C.; some of these instruments may have been made by John Coggs 2; took William Wyeth, a former apprentice as a partner. Globe and Sun, near St. Dunstan's Church, Fleet Street; 136 Fleet Street; both in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 1(463), 2(25); Michel 3; USNM; Gunther 2 and 6; Dewhirst; Coffeen 9; Crawforth 1, 6 & 7; RSW.
COGGS, JOHN 2 England, c.1757, MIM PHIM apprenticed in 1757 to Benjamin Cole 2 in the Merchant Taylors' Company; may have been free by patrimony in another Company; it is hard to distinguish the instruments made by John Coggs 1 from those of John Coggs 2. Globe and Sun, between St. Dunstan's Church and Chancery Lane, Fleet Street; 136 Fleet Street; both in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(242); Clay and Court; Coffeen 9; RSW; Crawforth 6, 7 and 8.
COGGS, JOHN 3 England, c.1759, MIM apprenticed to Benjamin Cole 2, 1759; may be son of John Coggs 2. opposite Water Lane, London. Taylor 2(463).
COGGS, JOHN, AND WILLIAM WYETH England, c.1740, MIM made rules based on Shirtcliffe's design. St Dunstan's Church in Fleet Street, London. Gunther 2.
COGWELL, H.S. Canada, OIM Telescope = D.(1989). Halifax, N.S. RSW.
COHEN England, c.1830, NIM Octant, ebony = Melun 4/24/83. probably David Cohen. Newcastle. RSW.
COHEN, DAVID England, fl.1821-58, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(2). see Cohen; optician; T.C. 5 Collingwood Street (1821-37); 1 Grey Street (1838-44); 76 Grey Street (1847-51); 30 Mosley Street (1853); 9 Mosley Street (1855-58); all in Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1807); Crawforth 1.
COHEN, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Soth. 7/21/87. Louth. Goodison 1; RSW.
COHEN, S.B. misreading of Simon Phineas Cohen. Bryden 3; RSW.
COHEN, S.C. misreading of Simon Phineas Cohen. Bryden 3; RSW.
COHEN, SIMON PHINEAS Scotland, fl.1838-53, MIM OIM PHIM Telescope, refracting = Phillips 10/26/83; Hydrometer = Christie-SK 4/17/86; Protractor = Christie 10/31/67; Protractor, Simson-type = FRK. managed the Glasgow branch of A. Abraham and Co. of Liverpool, 1838-43; took over the firm in 1844 and changed the name to his own; some of his instruments seem to be signed "S.B. Cohen" or "S.C. Cohen." 8 Exchange Square (1838-40); 82 Queen Street (1841-44); 105 Buchanan Street (1845-49); 121 Buchanan Street (1850-51); 51 St. Vincent Street (1852); 136 Buchanan Street (1853); all in Glasgow. Bryden 3; Clarke et al; RSW.
COIFFIER, A. France, c.1830, OIM Telescope = Soth. 7/26/65-105; Telescopes, refracting = Soth-PB pre-1980-Phillips 12/12/89. "Ingénieur Opticien." Paris. RSW.
COIGNIET, GILLES Belgium, 1557, MIM Astrolabe, 1557 = Ecouen (Cl.9149). made spheres; was he Aegidius Coigniet? Anvers (Antwerp). Rooseboom 1; Michel 12; RSW.
COIGNIET, MICHAEL Belgium, fl.1572-1618, MIM SIM Astrolabes = BEK (1572), MAN (1598), LEY (1601), MNN (1618); Armillary Sphere, 1591 = ADL-M5; Circumferentors = Drouot 4/7/87, Ecouen-Cl.12016 (1600), P.C. (1602), ADL-M149 (1606), CNAM (1606), BMR; Graphometer, 1606 = CNAM; Nocturnal = OXF; Table Sundial, 1604 = POTS; Compass = P.C.; Polyhedral Sundial = Christie-SK 1986. MAN astrolabe is ICA-467, LEY is ICA-533, MNN is ICA-464, BEK is ICA-564; author and instrument designer; improved the cross-staff. Anvers (Antwerp). Price 1; ICA 2; Gunther 1; Garcia Franco 2; Michel 3; Daumas 6; Engelmann 1; Veltman; A.J. Turner 10; ADL; RSW.
COL. R.I. MIM Sundial = NMM-Caird. RSW.
COLBY, HALL USA, fl.1847-70, MIM NIM SIM Altimeter = P.C. Rochester, N.Y. USNM.
COLE 1 England, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM it is very difficult to distinguish between the work of Benjamin Cole 1 and 2 except for the few dated pieces; usually signed "B. Cole London" or "Cole Maker London." London. Taylor 1(492) and 2(336); etc.
COLE 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Borough Museum, Newbury, Bucks. Newbury. RSW.
COLE AND SON England, T.C.; Benjamin Cole 1 and his son, Benjamin Cole 2. Calvert 2.
COLE, B., AND SON England, fl.1751-66, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Telescope, reflecting = D.(1979); Grand Orrery, 1763 = Queen's College, Oxford; Camera Obscura, book-form, 1757 = Burton Constable. Benjamin Cole 1 and his son, Benjamin Cole 2; T.C.; succeeded by Edward Troughton. at the Orrery next the Globe Tavern, in Fleet Street, London. Oxford 1; Gunther 2; Taylor and Wilson; Moskowitz 119; Crawforth 1; E. Hall.
COLE, BENJAMIN 1 England, 1695-1766, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Sundial, 1721 = Wadham College, Oxford; Davis Quadrant, 1746 = ADL-A137; Compass Sundial = ADL-W62; Octant = D.(1995); also a wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums. apprenticed to Thomas Wright 1; free in the Merchant Taylors' Company; succeeded Wright about 1748; see Wright and Cole; see B. Cole and Son. author; T.C.; invented a "Seamans' Quadrant". Royal Exchange; Poppins Court, Fleet Street (c. 1735); Ball Alley going out of George-Yard into Lombard Street (-1748); at the Sign of the Orrery, next the Globe Tavern, Fleet Street 1748-66), this became 136 Fleet Street c.1760; 200 Fleet Street; all in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 1(492); Price 3; Ward 4; ADL; RSW; Taylor and Wilson; KEN; Moskowitz 106; E. Hall; Coffeen 11 and 51; Calvert 2; H.C. King 2; Crawforth 1, 6 & 7; J.A. Bennett 2.
COLE, BENJAMIN 2 England, 1725-1813, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Hadley Quadrants,= NMM (1760), OMM (1779); Telescope = USNM; Lodestone = D.; Drawing Instrument Set = Phillips 12/12/89. apprenticed to his father, Benjamin Cole 1 in 1739 in the Merchant Taylors' Company; made free in the Company; took apprentices; became a partner in 1751; see B. Cole and Son; the difference in the two men's work is very hard to distinguish ; they made many examples of a wide range of instruments; the OMM quadrant is also marked "Ole Jensen"; T.C.; John Troughton 2 took over the firm in 1782. Fleet Street, London. Taylor 1(492) and 2(336); Bedini 1; Calvert 2; Moskowitz 106; Brieux 3; Goodison 1; Taylor and Wilson; Eden; Crawforth 6 & 7; J.A. Bennett 2; E. Hall; RSW.
COLE, BENJAMIN 3 England, pre-1813, MIM son of Benjamin Cole 2; trained as a MIM in the Merchant Taylors' Company; free in the Company. Crawforth 6 & 7.
COLE, BENJAMIN 4 England, 17th Century, MIM Universal Equatorial Sundial = D. engraved on this sundial was a notice to return it to the owner who was also the maker; this Cole does not seem to be connected with the London family. Oxford. Moskowitz 6.
COLE, HUMPHREY England, b.1530?-d.1591MIM NIM SIM one of England's earliest and most skillful instrument makers; he is noted for his beautiful astrolabes, astronomical compendia, sundials, armillary sphere, etc. sometimes spelled "Humfray Coolle" or "Coole"; member of the Goldsmiths' Company; made a map of the Holy Land in 1572; two instruments that had been attributed to Humphrey Cole, have been found to be by an earlier maker, "V.C.", who has not as yet been identified, which see. Great North Door of St. Paul's, London. Taylor 1(21); Belgian Inventory; Gunther 1, 2, 4, and 8; Italian Inventory; Michel 1 and 3; Jane Turner; Dewhirst; Clay and Court; Daumas 1; Perry; Société Belge; Maddison 1; Price 3 & 11; Ward 4; Engelmann 1; Daumas 1; J.A. Bennett 2; J. Brown 3; A.J. Turner 10; RSW.
COLE, ISAAC England, c.1753, apprenticed to John Urings 2 in the Joiners' Company on Feb. 3, 1753. Crawforth 7.
COLE, JOHN, JUNIOR England, 1691, MIM Triangular Quadrant, 1691, boxwood, 36" = D.(1994). John Brown's (1) triangular quadrant made for the latitude of London; signed "John Cole Junior of Kingston, June ye 26, 1691." Kingston. Coffeen 46.
COLE, M., CO. MIM NIM Protractor = MYS; Course Plotter = MYS. RSW.
COLE, NIC., ESQ. England, 1705, MIM Garden Sundial, 1705 = OMM. probably the owner. RSW.
COLE, RICHARD England, c.1815, MIM Sundial in watch back cover = OXF. Cornhill, Ipswich. RSW.
COLE, ROBERT 1 England, c.1737, MIM free in the Stationers' Company c.1737; took apprentices. London. Crawforth 7.
COLE, ROBERT 2 England, c.1835, apprenticed to William Elliott 1 in the Joiners' Company on July 7, 1835. Crawforth 7.
COLE, THOMAS 1 England, fl.1725-40, MIM Perpetual Calendars = BM (1725),(1735), WRAY (1735). leatherseller; took apprentices including William Baker from Edmund Blow c.1738. London. Price 3; Ward 4; Crawforth 7; RSW.
COLE, THOMAS 2 England, fl.1840-69, MIM NIM Compass Corrector = Soth. 6/23/87; Plotting Compass = Soth. 2/25/86. 21 Hannibal Road, Mile End, Stepney, London. O'Mara; RSW.
COLE, UMFREDUS England, MIM father of Humphrey Cole? Latinization of Humphrey Cole? Gunther 2.
COLE, WILLIAM England, fl.1780-1805, MIM OIM Reflecting Telescope = Ineichen 10/20/75; Pedometer = BM; Ring Sundial = X. last two instruments signed "W. Cole"; clockmaker. Gutter Lane, London. Taylor 2(815); Clay and Court; Britten; RSW.
COLEMAN England, PHIM Barometer = P.C.; Marine Barometer = D.(1972). Newbury. RSW.
COLEMAN, ANN England, fl.1832-33, PHIM made barometers and thermometers; succeeded Charles Coleman. 11 Vineyard Walk, Clerkenwell, London. Goodison 1.
COLEMAN, CHARLES England, fl.1823-29, PHIM barometer and thermometer maker. 7 Dorrington Street, Clerkenwell; 11 Vineyard Walk, Clerkenwell; both in London. Goodison 1.
COLEMAN, EBEN USA, c.1855, MIM made compasses. Wolfeboro, N.H. DATM.
COLEMAN, JOHN England, c.1803, MIM apprenticed to William Morris of the Grocers' Company, May 3, 1796; free of the Company May 5, 1803. J. Brown 1.
COLEMAN, STEPHEN England, c.1704, MIM apprenticed to John Bellinger 1 of the Clockmakers' Company on July 3, 1704. J. Brown 3.
COLEMARE, J. England, 1737, student; "J. Colemare, 1737 Soph. at St. John's Cambridge" is marked on a universal ring sundial, WHI-1091. Price 12; Gunther 3; Bryden 16; RSW.
COLES, CHRISTOPHER England, c.1664, MIM Slide Rule = KEN. Taylor 1(302); Evans 1.
COLESON, JOHN England, c.1699, MIM apprenticed to Thomas Tuttell of the Clockmakers' Company on Aug. 28, 1699. J. Brown 3.
COLL England, c.1730, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth.-S 5/19/88. "Coll Fecit." RSW.
COLLADO, LUDOVICUS Spain, 1584, MIM Bow Compass, gilt-brass, 1584 = VIE. Michel 3; Price 2.
COLLE, HUMFRAY see Humphrey Cole. Gunther 4; NMM 2.
COLLEIE, THOMAS Belgium, fl.1721-22, MIM Horizontal Sundial in snuff box, 1722 = OXFB; Horizontal Sundials = X (1721), (1722). may be Colley. Liège. Michel 3; Taylor 2(156).
COLLES, CHRISTOPHER USA, fl.1774-89, MIM PHIM Hydrometer = Winterthur Museum, Delaware; Sundial, octagonal = NYS. invented an hodometer for carriages; author. 42 Pearl Street, New York, N.Y. N.Y. Historical Society, 1945; USNM; Hindle.
COLLET France, 1760, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1760 = OXF. Paris. Evans 1; Gunther 2.
COLLET, TIMOTHEE France, 1652-59+, MIM Butterfield-type Sundials = NMM, D.(1994); Sundials, 1659 = Michel Coll., LIE and P.C. (1663). Timothée Collet; D. signed "Orlogeur à Paris" and has a lunar volvelle on the back; watchmaker. Nantes; Rouen (1652-59); Paris. Michel 1, 3, and 9; Nachet; MADEX; Tardy; Coffeen 46.
COLLEY, THOMAS England, fl.1765-80, MIM George Graham's successor. Fleet Street, London. Josten; Britten.
COLLIBER, THOMAS England, c.1736, MIM Abraham Lorkin turned over to him as an apprentice on Feb. 20, 1736 by James Wilson 2; may have been a member of the Clockmakers' Company. J. Brown 3.
COLLIER England, c.1720, MIM Protractors = PYM, D., D.(1987). Coffeen 17; RSW.
COLLIER, BENJAMIN England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
COLLIER, WILLIAM 1 England, fl.1712-45, MIM SIM Sector, 1730 = OXF, Sector,ivory = D.(1986); Compass = OXF; Universal Ring Sundial = NYM; Circumferentors = PYM, Soth. 10/22/76; Sundial = P.B. 9/24/38. apprenticed to Thomas Tuttell of the Clockmakers' Company on April 3, 1699; may be same as William Collier 2; some instruments signed "W. Collier"; T.C.(1731). the end of Wood Street, facing Cripple Gate,(1731); at ye Atlas next the Fountain Tavern without New Gate; both in London. Bryden 9; Taylor 1(564); Chandler and Vincent; Lubke; Dewhirst; Evans 1; Baillie 1; Gunther 2 and 6; Crawforth 1; J. Brown 3; Coffeen 12; RSW.
COLLIER, WILLIAM 2 England, c.1744, MIM member of the Goldsmiths' Company; had apprentice turned over to him from the Grocers' Company; may be same man as William Collier 1. J. Brown 1.
COLLIN France, 1809, NIM Compass Rose, 1809 = PMM. Paris. RSW.
COLLIN, AXEL H. Sweden, c.1830, OIM younger son of Gabriel Collin. Stockholm. Pipping 1.
COLLIN, CARL ERIC Sweden, 1791-1852, OIM older son of Gabriel Collin; took over the shop in 1825. Stockholm. Pipping 1.
COLLIN, CARL GUSTAF Sweden, 1830-1900, OIM Telescope = Hammer Sale. son of Carl Eric Collin; worked in his father's shop until 1852, when he succeeded him; the telescope is signed "Collin Stockholm." Stockholm. Pipping 1; RSW.
COLLIN, GABRIEL Sweden, 1761-1825, OIM PHIM Balance = Berzelius Museum (SWE). head of optical shop at Swedish Royal Academy from 1793. Uppsala; Stockholm. Pipping 1; RSW.
COLLINGS, C.W. England, fl.1845-58, PHIM made barometers and philosophical instruments. 16 Mortimer Street, Cavendish Square (1845-46); Royal Polytechnic Institute (1847); both in London. Goodison 1; O'Mara.
COLLINGS, JAMES England, c.1830, MIM OIM PHIM Instrument = WHI. Skinner Street, Clerkenwell, London. Taylor 2(1808).
COLLINS 1 England, c.1710, MIM globe maker. London. Globus, June, 1963.
COLLINS 2 England, OIM probably Charles Collins, which see. London. RSW.
COLLINS, CHARLES England, fl.1850-80, OIM Webster Condenser = WHI; Binocular Microscopes = Soth. 6/23/87 (2); Microscopes = BIL, P.C., Christie-SK 4/17/86, various auctions; Binocular Microscope = Versailles = 11/19/78; etc. optician; some instruments are signed "Collins" or "C. Collins"; retailer of R. & J. Beck microscopes. 157 Great Portland Place; 77 Great Titchfield Street, Portland Place; Polytechnic Institute; all in London. Price 12; Moskowitz 104; O'Mara; RSW.
COLLINS, J. England, c.1750, MIM designed or made quadrants. London. Weil 2(2).
COLLINS, JAMES England, c.1827, PHIM balance maker. Birmingham. Christie-SK 4/17/86.
COLLINS, JOHN 1 England, 1625-83, MIM maker of the Royal sundials; designed a quadrant made by Prujean; author; possibly J. Collins with a wrong date; F.R.S., 1667. Oxford; near the Three Crowns, Bloomsbury; next the Adam and Eve in Petty France; Garlick Hill; the last three in London. Taylor 1(215); Gunther 2.
COLLINS, JOHN 2 England, c.1726, MIM apprenticed to his father on Jan. 14, 1716; turned over to John Wilson of the Clockmakers' Company on Sept. 1, 1718; free of the Company, April 4, 1726. J. Brown 3.
COLLINS, PETER England, fl.1687-99, MIM apprenticed by turnover to James Atkinson 1 of the Clockmakers' Company on Jan. 19, 1680; free of the Company, Sept. 29, 1687; took apprentices. J. Brown 3.
COLLINS, ROBERT Scotland, PHIM Barometers = D.(1972), Christie-G 4/30/1986-40. Paisley. J. Bell; Morrison-Low.
COLLIS, W.H. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Bury St. Edmunds. Goodison 1.
COLLISON, JOHN England, c.1793, apprenticed to Rowland Tidder in the Grocers' Company on July 6, 1793. J. Brown 1.
COLLOT FRERES France, c.1851, MIM PHIM Standard Meter, folding = D.(1997). Collot Frères; T.C.; successors to M. Hirbict; scale makers; surely E. et A. Collot, one of whom was listed as a glassmaker and thermometer maker in Paris in the 1820's. 41 Rue de l'Ecole de Médicine; (formerly the rue des mauvais Garçons), Paris. Calvert 2; G.L'E. Turner 24; Coffeen 58.
COLLOT, A. France, 1827-1900, PHIM Paris 1900.
COLLOT, E. ET A. France, c.1848, PHIM made precision balances. G.L'E. Turner 24.
COLLYER, W. England, c.1850, NIM Sextant = ADL-A167. used by Comdre. Robert E. Peary in 1893, on an Arctic expedition; carries Lloyd's Indent 0005 over 39. Commercial Docks, London. ADL; RSW.
COLMAR see Charles Xavier Thomas de Colmar. G.L'E. Turner 24.
COLOM, JACOB ARNOLD Holland, fl.1628-42, MIM Terrestrial Globes = NMM-G.170,- G.171. also signed "Colum"; possibly Columb, which see; Price reported them as a "Pair of Globes." NMM 2; Globus, Dec., 1957; Price 2.
COLOMBA AND HARE England, fl.1844-46, PHIM Andrew Colomba and Hare; made barometers and thermometers. 37 Charles Street, Hatton Garden (1844-46); 89 Chancery Lane (1846); both in London. Goodison 1.
COLOMBA, A. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Salisbury. Goodison 1.
COLOMBA, ANDREW England, fl.1842-60, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-S 1/27/88. made barometers and thermometers; worked with Hare, 1844-46. 37 Charles Street, Hatton Garden (1842-59); 89 Chancery Lane (1846); 16 Charles Street, Hatton Garden (1860); all in London. Goodison 1; RSW.
COLOMBI France, c.1850, MIM OIM SIM succeeded by Schiavetti-Bellini; breveté; see Colombi Fils; may be son or firm of Cles. Colombi; T.C.; "Opticien de la Marine de S.A. Mgr. le Prince de Joinville." Brest, St.Malo and Paris. Calvert 2; RSW.
COLOMBI FILS France, c.1848, MIM SIM Colombi (C.) Fils; probably son of Cles. Colombi. Quai Conti, Paris. USNM.
COLOMBI, CLES. France, fl.pre-1844-50, MIM NIM OIM Telescope = P.C.(1958); Marine Compass in wooden box = Drouot 4/26/67-56; Spyglass = D.(1985). T.C.; "Breveté Opticien de la Marine." Brest et St. Malo. G.L'E. Turner 24; Calvert 2; Coffeen 10; RSW.
COLTI, DI GIO. BARTOL. Italy, 1788, MIM Bow Compass Sector, 1788 = OXF. RSW.
COLTON, LEVI USA, 1803-85, MIM SIM Surveying Compasses = Connecticut Historical Society, P.C.(2), D.(1984), Soth. N.Y. 3/16/83, D.(1977), USNM (2). worked for Richard Patten; fl.1846-54; three compasses repaired by Gurley Co., 1885-1921; probably imported some of the instruments he sold. New York, N.Y.; New Haven, Conn.; Boston, MA.; Utica, N.Y.; Hartford, Conn. (1854). Smart 1; USNM; Moskowitz 127; Coffeen D; Rudd; Giordano (1977); Warner 14.
COLUM see Colom.
COLUMB Holland, MIM Floating Sundial = Snowshill Manor. possibly Coulomb. RSW.
COMBES, FISHER England, fl.1728-37, MIM NIM SIM Circumferentor = Snowshill Manor. apprenticed to Simon Cade of the Clockmakers' Company on June 5, 1721; free of the Company Oct. 7, 1728; T.C.; the name sometimes is spelled Coombs or Combs. at ye Mariner and Globe in Broad Street, near ye Angel and Crown Tavern, behind ye Royal Exchange, London. Bryden 9; Calvert 2; Clay and Court; Crawforth 1; RSW.
COMBRET, PIERRE France, fl.1592-1622, MIM Sundial inside bottom lid of watch = Soltykoff Coll. = Garnier Coll. = LOU; Astronomical Watch = NYM. Lyon. Baillie 1.
COMBS, OLIVER England, fl.1693-1747, OIM T.C.; optician; journeyman to Mr. Scarlett; admitted to the Spectaclemakers' Company as a foreign brother on Jan.11, 1728. Leadenhall Street (1693); at the Spectacles, ye second house from Essex Street; at the Spectacles, St. Martin's Court, Lincoln Fields (1740); at the Spectacles, the Strand, near Temple Bar (1747); all in London. Dewhirst; Calvert 2; Evans 1; KEN; Crawforth 1; Court and Von Rohr 3(66).
COMETTI England, 1722, MIM Garden Sundial, 1722 = Soth.-Chester 9/8/83. RSW.
COMILLI England, Wheel Barometers = D.(1975); Soth.-Chester 5/16/85. modern reproductions. London. RSW.
COMITTI England, PHIM Barometer = D.; Stick Barometer = Soth.-S 1/25/89. Holborn, London. RSW.
COMITTI, JOS. Scotland, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Banff. Goodison 1.
COMMANDINO, FEDERICO Italy, c.1600, MIM also made clocks. Urbino. Morpurgo 1.
COMMESSARI, EGIDIO Italy, 18th Century, MIM Astrolabe = FLG. ICA-495; owner? Bonelli 4; Price 1; ICA 2; Italian Inventory; Righini 1; RSW.
COMOLI AND CO. Scotland, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
COMOLI AND NOZZI Scotland, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. probably J. Comoli 2. 82 St. Mary's Wynd, Edinburgh. Goodison 1.
COMOLI, ANDREW England, c.1830, see Peter Comoli. Dudley. Taylor 2(1809).
COMOLI, J. 1 Scotland, fl.1825-26, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. 82 St. Mary's Wynd, Edinburgh. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1513).
COMOLI, J. 2 Scotland, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Aberdeen. Goodison 1.
COMOLI, J. AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
COMOLI, J., NOLLI AND CO. Scotland, c.1820, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth., 6/6/96. see S. Nolli, Comoli and Co. 82 St. Mary Wynd, Edinburgh. RSW.
COMOLI, JOHN England, c.1830, PHIM see Peter Comoli. Dudley. Taylor 2(1809).
COMOLI, PETER England, c.1830, PHIM made and/or sold barometers; Andrew and John Comoli in shop too. High Street, Dudley. Taylor 2(1809).
COMOLI, PETER, AND CO. England, fl.1817-30, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. barometer signed "P. Comoli and Co"; spelled "Curmoli" in Directory. High Street, Dudley. Goodison 1.
COMOZZI, C. 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X. Aylesbury. Goodison 1.
COMOZZI, C. 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. probably C. Comozzi 1. Buckingham. Goodison 1.
COMPANIE DES INDIES China., c.1800, Horizontal Sundials = CNAM, P.C. surely the firm that commisioned the sundials. Canton. Cons. Nat'l 2; Société Belge.
COMYNS, HENRY England, fl.1830-45, MIM PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth.-S 9/18/86. 15 Asylum Terrace (1836); 14 Asylum Terrace (1838); 7 King's Road; 5 Hereford Terrace, King's Road (1845); all in Chelsea, London. O'Mara; Taylor 2(1810); RSW.
CONDOLE, VULLY DE France, 1831, MIM Planetarium, 1831 = POB. RSW.
CONDY, BENJAMIN USA, fl.1756-98, MIM NIM Backstaff, 1761 = P.C.; Octants = Pennsylvania Historical Society, Philadelphia (1763), Franklin Institute, Philadelphia (1765) = X. 81 South Front Street (1791); Fromberger's Court (1798); both in Philadelphia, Pa. Bedini 1 & 8; Smart 1; USNM; Gillingham 1; Price 2; D.J. Warner 8 and 10.
CONDY, BENJAMIN, AND SONS USA, c.1785, MIM NIM Front Street between Chestnut and Walnut Streets, Philadelphia, Pa. Smart 1.
CONEY, AMBROSE England, c.1676, OIM free in the Spectaclemakers' Company in 1676. London. rawforth 6.
CONGERS England, c.1674, probably John Conyers. Evans 1.
CONICHON France, c.1750, OIM Gregorian Telescope = Peron et Corsy, Melun 6/10/79. rue des Postes, Paris. RSW.
CONNELL England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Cheapside, London. Goodison 1.
CONNER see Potter and Conner. American Philosophical Society.
CONNETTE, MICHEL France, c.1626, invented a pantometer; author. Paris. Wheatland 2.
CONNOLLY, GEORGE Ireland, fl.1835-45, OIM optician. 45 Grangegorman Lane, Dublin (1835-45). Bryden 9; Morrison-Low and Burnett.
CONRAD, ANDREAS Germany, fl.1734-39, MIM SIM Graphometers = DEU (1734), BRE, DEU; Sectors = ANM, BM (1739) Huelsmann Coll. (1739); Table Sundial = LAW = Soth. 5/10/54; Universal Ring Sundial, 1738 = WHI; Square = STU; Equatorial Sundials = GRE, Koller 11/17/75; Armillary Sphere = D.(1965); Rule = ULM. Ulm. Zinner 1; Michel 3; Price 3; Ward 4; Daumas 1; Evans 1; Whipple 1; Belgian Inventory; Wheatland 2; Bryden 16; RSW; Syndram.
CONRADI c.1710, OIM microscope maker. Clay and Court.
CONRADIAT, ANDREAS misreading for Andreas Conrad.
CONSTANTIN AND HUYGENS Italy, c.1685, OIM Objective Lenses = BMR(3). surely Constantine Huygens. The Hague. Belgian Inventory.
CONTARINI, SAC. PAOLO Italy, fl.1820-44, MIM Horizontal Sundial, cardboard, 1820 = P.C.; Pillar Sundial, 1844 = FLO; Horizontal Pin Gnomon Sundial = NYM. Netini. Bonelli 1; RSW.
CONTI, THOMAS Germany, 1711, MIM Cannon Sundial, 1711 = P.C. Mulhausen. Rohr 2.
CONTURIES France, PHIM Wheel Barometer = D.(1978). rue de Bercy No. 6, Faubourg St. Antoine, Paris. RSW.
CONYERS, JOHN England, fl.1673-79, MIM amateur instrument maker; author. Holborn Bridge, London. Taylor 1(371).
CONYERS, RICHARD England, fl.1689-1708, MIM apprenticed to John Cooke 2 of the Clockmakers' Company on Sept. 30, 1672; free of the Company, Nov. 4, 1689; took apprentices. J. Brown 3.
COOBEROW, MATTHEW England, fl.1690-1716, OIM apprenticed in the Spectaclemakers' Company in 1683; free of the Spectaclemakers' Company in 1690; took James Mann 2 and Thomas Lincoln as apprentices. Angel Street, London. Robischon; Court and von Rohr 3(58).
COOCKE mis-spelling for Cooke.
COOK 1 England, 18th Century, NIM Octants = BAR, POR, New Hampshire Historical Society, TRE, GEP, Whaling Museum, Nantucket, Mass.; Sextants = WHI, GEP; Hadley Quadrant = OMM. London. USNM; Price 12; Italian Inventory; RSW.
COOK 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. London. Goodison 1.
COOK 3 England, see Laban Cooke. RSW.
COOK 4 see Cooke.
COOK AND SON England, c.1820, NIM Octant = D.(1972). surely William and George Cook. 178 Shadwell High Street, London. Taylor 2(1104); RSW.
COOK, BENJAMIN E. USA, fl. 1827-34+, MIM SIM partner with Nathan Storrs as Storrs and Cook, 1827-34; he succeeded Storrs in 1834. Shop Row, Northampton, Mass. Smart 1.
COOK, FRANCIS see Francis Cooke. Daumas 1; Clay and Court.
COOK, GEORGE England, c.1822, NIM Octants = FRK, D.(1982), D.(1984). D.(1984) has anchor on scale; all signed "G. Cook"; also made compasses; probably son of William Cook. 178 Shadwell High Street, London. Taylor 2(1104); Frank; Coffeen; RSW.
COOK, J. England, PHIM made spring balances. G.L'E. Turner 24.
COOK, THOMAS England, fl.1693-1709, MIM Slide Rules = D.(1693), Ashmolean Museum, Oxford (1709). took apprentices; "Gauging Instrument Maker to the Excise Office for more than 40 years"; 1709 instrument signed "Thomas Cooke"; T.C. by the Excise Office in the Old Jury, London. Calvert 2; KEN; Evans 1; Britten; Darius 2..
COOK, W.C. England, 19th Century, MIM Sector = Peron et Corsy, Melun 6/10/79. Devonport. RSW.
COOK, WILLIAM England, fl.1806-20, NIM quadrant and compass maker; probably father of George Cook. 178 Shadwell High Street, London. Taylor 2(1104).
COOK, WILLIAM GEORGE England, c.1814, MIM may have been a member of the Masons' Company; took apprentices. London. Crawforth 7.
COOKE 1 England, 19th Century, MIM OIM Magnetic Compass = Versailles 11/20/83; Telescopic Level = Versailles 4/17/83. London. RSW.
COOKE 2 England, OIM Equatorial Telescope = Teramo Observatory. Bonelli 4.
COOKE AND KELVEY India and England, 19th Century, OIM Telescope, case = Soth. 2/28/80. Calcutta and Liverpool. RSW.
COOKE AND SON England, c.1910, OIM Telescope, refracting = Soth. 6/23/87. RSW.
COOKE AND SONS England, pre-1837-60, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Telescope, refracting, stand = Soth. 6/23/87. probably Thomas Cooke 3. Micklegate; 50 Stonegate (1837-38); 12 Coney Street (1843-51); 26 Coney Street (1860); all in York. Goodison 1; RSW.
COOKE, B., AND SON England, NIM Binnacle = Tower of Gold, Seville. Hull. RSW.
COOKE, FRANCIS England, fl.1590-96, NIM made backstaves; author. Mark Lane, London (1596). Taylor 1(81); Daumas 1; Clay and Court.
COOKE, FREDERICK England, 1835-98, MIM son of Thomas Cooke 3; brother of Thomas Cooke 4; firm of T. Cooke and Sons. York. Taylor and Wilson.
COOKE, GEORGE 1 England, c.1635, apprenticed to Elias Allen in the Grocers' Company in Aug. 1635. J. Brown 1.
COOKE, GEORGE 2 England, c.1694, MIM apprenticed to William Sellars of the Clockmakers' Company on Sept. 29, 1694. J. Brown 3.
COOKE, JOHN 1 England, c.1649, MIM apprenticed by turnover to Isaac Lowe of the Clockmakers' Company on Feb. 18, 1640; free of the Company on April 2, 1649. J. Brown 3.
COOKE, JOHN 2 England, c.1662, MIM apprenticed by turnover to William Dobb of the Clockmakers' Company on Nov. 16, 1655; free of the Company, Dec. 1, 1662; took an apprentice. J. Brown 3.
COOKE, LABAN England, fl.1825-33, MIM Slide Rules = OXF, D.(1976). also made gauges; "Maker to the Honble Board of Excise"; "late Wellington", D. signed "Cook, ----." 21 Crown Court, Soho, London. Taylor 2(1514); O'Mara; Moskowitz 118.
COOKE, ROBERT England, fl.1668-79, MIM citizen; free of the Weavers' Company; admitted as a Brother in the Clockmakers' Company in 1668; took apprentices in the Clockmakers' Company, including Johnson Weekes. London. Taylor 1(493); Clay and Court; Baillie 1; J. Brown 1 & 3.
COOKE, T., AND SON England, MIM T.C.; surely misreading for T. Cooke (3) and Sons. York? Soth. 10/27/69-31.
COOKE, T., AND SONS England, fl.1856-1922, MIM OIM SIM Thomas Cooke 3 and his sons, Frederick and Thomas Cooke 4 became partners, c.1856; from 1868-94, Frederick and Thomas Cooke 4 carried on the firm; in 1894 Frederick Cooke retired in favor of Alfred Taylor and his brother Dennis Taylor who continued the firm; Dennis Taylor had headed the optical shop; the name was changed to T. Cooke and Sons Ltd. in 1897; Vickers Ltd. acquired the firm in 1916 and merged it with Troughton and Simms Ltd, to form Cooke, Troughton and Simms Ltd. in 1922. York. Taylor and Wilson; Goodison 1.
COOKE, THOMAS 1 England, fl.1690-1742, MIM apprenticed to John Toogood in the Joiners' Company on April 4, 1682; free in the Company on June 3, 1690; took apprentices. Old Jewry; Threadneedle Street; both in London. Taylor 1(493); Crawforth 7.
COOKE, THOMAS 2 England, fl.1690-1718, free in the Joiners' Company; took apprentices. London. Crawforth 7.
COOKE, THOMAS 3 England, 1807-68 fl.1837-68, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Telescope = Soth. 10/27/69; Striding Level = KFR 12/3/64. mechanical engineer and builder of steam engines; also an instrument maker; worked alone from 1837 to c.1856; took his sons Frederick and Thomas Cooke 4 as partners to form T. Cooke and Sons; the sons continued the firm after his death. Allerthrope (1807-29); Micklegate (1832); 50 Stonegate (1837); Coney Street (c.1838); all in York. Taylor 2(1515); Taylor and Wilson.
COOKE, THOMAS 4 England, 1839-1919, MIM OIM brother of Frederick Cooke; son of Thomas Cooke 3; about 1856 he and his brother joined their father to found the firm of T. Cooke and Sons. York. Taylor and Wilson.
COOKE, THOMAS 5 England, see Thomas Cook.
COOKE, TROUGHTON AND SIMMS LTD. England, 1922-, MIM OIM PHIM SIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums. in 1922 the firms of Troughton and Simms Ltd. and T. Cooke and Sons Ltd. merged into Cooke, Troughton and Simms Ltd.; Vickers Ltd. acquired control of T. Cooke and Sons Ltd. in 1916 and that of Troughton and Simms Ltd. a few years later; the company is now known as Vickers Instruments Ltd. York and London. Taylor and Wilson.
COOKE, WILLIAM D. USA, c.1850, MIM Terrestrial Globe, for the blind = New York Exhibition of the Industry of all Nations, 1853. USNM.
COOLE, HUMFRAY England, 1568, MIM Astronomical Compendium, 1568 = OXF. Humphrey Cole. Gunther 4.
COOLLE, HUMFRAY England, c.1580, MIM Gunner's Combination Dividers, 1580 = BM-1878/11-1 114. see Humphrey Cole. Price 3; Ward 4; Gunther 2 and 4.
COOMBE, OLIVER see Oliver Combs. Dewhirst.
COOMBES 1 see Cox and Coombes. RSW.
COOMBES 2 England, MIM NIM OIM see J. Coombes. Devonport. RSW.
COOMBES, D. England, 19th Century, NIM Borda Circle = Saint-Brieuc 8/4/79. Devonport. RSW.
COOMBES, J. England, c.1850, MIM NIM OIM Sextants = FRK (2), Soth. 10/31/66-83, 10/27/69, Soth. N.Y. 2/23/79, D.(1976), etc.; Telescope = D.(1971); Rolling Rule = Phillips 2/14/79; Rule, ivory = X. "Optician and Admiralty Agent, Devonport"; some may be too late for this Index; some instruments signed "Coombes Devonport." 87 Fore Street, Devonport. Frank; Bryden 9; DATM; RSW.
COOMBS 1 see King and Coombs. Moskowitz; Coffeen C.
COOMBS 2 see Combs. J. Brown 3.
COOMBS 3 see Combs. J. Brown 3.
COOMBS, FISHER England, c.1728, see Fisher Combs. Clay and Court.
COOPER 1 USA, c.1839, PHIM made a baroscope in 1839. USNM.
COOPER 2 1830, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1830 = Cromarty. may have made dial. Somerville.
COOPER, C.T. England, c.1850, MIM Ham's Ullaging and Proof Rules = NMM, KEN. London. NMM; KEN.
COOPER, C.T., AND SONS England, MIM Gunnery Scales, boxwood = Soth. 7/27/64-200. London. RSW.
COOPER, JAMES C. England, 18th Century, MIM Manchester. Moskowitz 102.
COOPER, S. England, 1836, MIM Engineer's Rule, 1836 = D.(1971) = P.C. Miller Street, Shidehill, Manchester. Moskowitz 102; RSW.
COOPER, THOMAS England, 1701, NIM Nocturnal, wood, 1701 = X. J.A. Bennett 2.
COOPER, W. Scotland, c.1800, PHIM Wheel Barometer with clock = Christie-SK 4/17/86. the combined clock and barometer dial is signed "W. Cooper Hamilton"; the thermometer is signed "Wm. Ticadell? Glasgow", which see. Hamilton. RSW.
COOPER, W.C. England, 1842, PHIM Electrometer = Christie-SK 8/20/87. RSW.
COOPER, W.G. England, c.1830, MIM Berzelius-type Slide Rule = Berzelius Museum (Swedish Academy of Sciences). 44 Union Street, Plymouth. RSW.
COPE see Molyneux and Cope. RSW.
COPERNICUS, NICHOLAS Poland; Italy; Poland, 1473-1543, MIM Wall Sundial, pre-1512 = Olsztyn Castle. author; noted astronomer who proposed a heliocentric theory; he also made an armillary sphere and a quadrant. Torun. Zinner 1; Polish Inventory; DSB; etc.
COPINI, GATINI England, fl.1832-49, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie-SK 11/21/95. barometer and thermometer maker; barometer signed "Copini London." 217 High Street, Shoreditch (1832-41); 280 High Holborn (1839-41); Norton Folgate (1842-49); all in London. Goodison 1; RSW.
COPLAND, PATRICK Scotland, fl.1775-1822, MIM Rule, 12-inch, silvered brass = Natural Philosophical Museum, Dept. of Physics, U. of Aberdeen. professor of natural philosophy; the rule used Troughton's five-foot standard-rule as a model. Aberdeen. J.S. Reid; Clarke et al.
COPLEY, CHARLES USA, c.1852, MIM Globe, 1852 = D.(1966). made terrestrial and celestial globes. New York, N.Y. USNM; Vietor.
COPODURO, D. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Gloucester Museum. address spelled "Cerincester." Cirencester. Goodison 1.
COPP, JOHANN Poland, fl.1524-84, Dr. Johann Copp; designed an astrolabe; author. Breslau. Price 2; Zinner 1; Weil 2(25).
COPP, PHILIP 1703, MIM Astronomical Instrument, 1703 = GEL-TX898. Chenekal 4.
COPPIN, EDOUARD France, post-1827, MIM NIM OIM SIM made surveying instruments, sextants and microscopes; succeeded his father, M. Coppin in the firm Maison Hue-Coppin. 56, rue de Turbigo, Paris, 3e. RSW.
COPPIN, M. France, post-1827, MIM NIM OIM SIM made surveying instruments, sextants and microscopes; succeeded Hue to form the firm Hue-Coppin; he was succeeded by his son Edouard Coppin; the "M" in M. Coppin is probably Monsieur Coppin. Paris. RSW.
COPPLE, RICHARD England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Sankey. Goodison 1.
CORBETTA, I. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. 11 Brook Street, Holborn, London. Goodison 1.
CORBINO, VINCENZO Italy, 18th Century, NIM Plate for Compass Rose = P.C. Bonelli 4.
CORBY, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. London. Goodison 1.
CORDERO, T. Italy, OIM Telescope = Technical Museum, Milan. RSW.
CORDEROY, WILLIAM England, c.1650, MIM worked with Caspas Kalthoff and Johannes Digges. London. Rooseboom 1.
CORDETT, RICHARD England, c.1765, apprenticed to Charles Lincoln, an OIM in the Spectaclemakers' Company, Oct. 3, 1765. Court and von Rohr 3(193).
CORELAND, J. USA, MIM made compasses. DATM.
CORLESS, JOHN England, fl.1806-38, MIM PHIM Balance = Chemical Laboratory Inventory, 1823, Oxford. apprenticed to Robert Tangate in the Joiners' Company, May 4, 1773; listed as a MIM in the directories; took apprentices; the balance was signed "Corless." 19 Newcastle Street, Strand, London (1828). Baillie 1; O'Mara; Gunther 2; Crawforth 7.
CORNEL, ANTONIO F. MIM Rule, ivory = LOS. "Antonio F. Cornel" over "H." RSW.
CORNELISZ, JAN Germany, fl.1760-84, NIM Octants = HAA (1777), DRE, BRE, FLE, AMST; Sextant = LUB. sometimes spelled Corneliss. Föhr Island, Schleswig-Holstein. Zinner 1; Basserman-Jordan 1; Mörzer Bruyns 1 and 2.
CORNELIUS, VON Germany, 19th Century, MIM Artillery Level = BRE. Bremerhaven. RSW.
CORNELL England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. c.1820? Royston. Goodison 1.
CORNELL, SILAS USA, c.1845, MIM made an "improved terrestrial globe." New York, N.Y. USNM.
CORNELLI, GEMMAE Spain, 1630, MIM see Cornelius Gemma 2. Garcia Franco 2; Price 1; ICA 2; RSW.
CORNIQUET, PHILIPPE JACQUES France, fl.1785-1813, MIM Astronomical Clock = X. Paris. Baillie 1.
CORNISH, W.H. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Okehampton. Goodison 1.
CORNITTI, O., AND SON England, 19th Century, PHIM Stick Barometer = Phillips 9/10/86. London. RSW.
CORONELLI, P. MARCO VINCENZO MARIA Italy, 1650-1718, MIM Celestial Globe Gores, 1693 = ADL-A159 & -W258; Celestial Globe Gores = New York Public Library (2); Pair of Globe Gores, 1697 = ADL-A303; Terrestrial Globe Gores = Library of Congress (1688), New York Public Library (1697). the Louvre owns the plates for the 1693 gores and occasionally restrikes them; ADL-W258 is one of those restrikes; the 1693 gores make a globe of 108 cm. in diameter; ADL-A303 would have a diameter of 8.5 cm. Ravenna; Venice. Bonelli 1, 4 and 8; Michel 1 and 3; Nachet; Italian and Belgian Inventories; Société Belge; Stevenson; Globus Nov. 1954; Grimaldi (732); DSB; Yonge; ADL; RSW.
CORONTE, A. France, 1787, PHIM Stick Barometer, 1787 = D.(1958). Metz. RSW.
CORPA Holland, c.1795, OIM made a microscope with W. Eisland. The Hague. Rooseboom 1.
CORRALL, WILLIAM England, fl.1822-41, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Church Street, Lutterworth (1835-41). Goodison 1.
CORRAZINI, F. Italy, 1747, MIM SIM Circumferentor, 1747 = P. and S. 4/3/1894. Evans 1; Gunther 2.
CORSAN, ROBERT see Robert Corson. Bryden 9.
CORSAN, THOMAS England, c.1770, MIM rule maker. Queen Street, Wolverhampton. Bryden 9.
CORSON, L.H., M.A. USA, c.1840, invented a type of perpetual calendar, engraved by Doty and Bergen. Christie 4/3/85.
CORSON, ROBERT England, fl.1767-70, MIM Rule, wood = P.C. rule maker; sometimes spelled "Corsan." Berry Street, Wolverhampton. Bryden 9; Crawforth 10.
CORSS, JAMES Scotlandc.1650, MIM maker and seller of scientific instruments; publisher of the "Edinburgh Almanack." Edinburgh. Bryden 15.
CORT AND CO. England, pre-1846, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Leicester. Goodison 1.
CORT, L.E. VAN England, OIM Telescope = D.(1989). RSW.
CORTE, JAS. Scotland, c.1790, PHIM Stick Barometer, yew = Soth. 2/4/77; Hydrostatic Bubbles = Christie-SK 4/17/86. Glasgow. RSW.
CORTI AND SON England, c.1790, PHIM Wheel Barometer, satinwood = D.(1989). London. RSW.
CORTI, A. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Stick Barometer = X. 7 Greville Street, London. Goodison 1.
CORTI, ANTONI Scotland, fl.1833-45, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Stick Barometers = Soth. 2/28/80, Christie-SK 1/22/87. the wheel barometer is signed "A. Corti, Glasgow"; the stick barometer from Christie is signed "A. Cortie" plus the address. 97 Nelson Street, Glasgow. Goodison 1; RSW.
CORTI, B. Scotland, PHIM Barometer = D.(1972). Glasgow. J. Bell.
CORTI, ENRICO Italy, 19th Century, PHIM Balance = A-P 3/15/76. "successore a Orlandi." RSW.
CORTI, F. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Newcastle. Goodison 1.
CORTI, G.A. Scotland, c.1800, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth. 12/17/87. Inverness. RSW.
CORTI, J. 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Colchester. Goodison 1.
CORTI, J. 2 England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
CORTI, J. NO. England, c.1775, PHIM Stick Barometer = Chelsea Fair Cat., 1973. probably Jno. Corti. RSW.
CORTI, J.B. Scotland, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Glasgow. Goodison 1.
CORTI, JNO. England, c.1800, PHIM Stick Barometers = X(2), Soth. 12/14/95; Wheel Barometers = X(2). one wheel barometer signed "J. Corti" but shows the same address; Soth. signed "Jno. Corti Fecit." 94 Holborn Hill, London. Goodison 1; RSW.
CORTI, JOHN England, fl.1815-34, PHIM Stick Barometers = X, Phillips 2/15/89; Wheel Barometer = Soth.-S 10/19/89. supplied the trade; instruments signed "J. Corti, London" except Phillips which is signed "John Corti Fecit"; may be by Jno. Corti. 27 Leather Lane (1815-25); 35 Eyre Street, Hatton Garden (1826-34); Union Court, Hatton; all in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1516); RSW.
CORTI, JOS. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Ipswich. Goodison 1.
CORTI, PAUL England, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X(5). may be father of Paul Courti. 5 Market Street, Exeter. Goodison 1.
CORTI, PETER England, fl.1845-50, PHIM barometer and thermometer maker. 30 Eyre Street Hill, London. Goodison 1.
CORTILO, CARMELO AND FRANCALANCIO Italy, 1720, MIM Armillary Sphere, 1720 = ROM-7780. Turin. Bonelli 4.
CORTS, J. PHIM Spring Balance = DRE. RSW.
CORTY, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. see John Corti. London. Goodison 1.
COSENS, NICHOLAS England, fl.1638-54, MIM hour glass maker; also spelled "Cussans." York. Loomes; Baillie 1; Britten.
COSIMO, BERNARDINUS Italy, 18th Century, MIM Table Sundial = Stuker (1958). "di casa Bernardini Cosimo." RSW.
COSLE France, invented a horizontal sundial made by Menant. Wheatland 2.
COSSA England, 18th Century, PHIM Barometer = D.(1971). Birmingham. RSW.
COSSA, P. Scotland, c.1800, PHIM Stick Barometer = Phillips 7/20/83. Glasgow. RSW.
COSSINET, FRANCIS England, c.1659, sold navigational instruments and globes; maker? at the Sign of the Anchor and Mariner, Tower Street, Mincing Lane, London. Taylor 1(281).
COSTA, ANTONIO CARVALHO DA see Carvalho. Weil 2(25).
COSTA, ANTONIUS Italy, fl. 1670-76, MIM Sectors = ROM (1675), FLO; Armillary Spheres = NMM-Sp.11 (1676), D. (1670). Italian Inventory says the sectors are 1679; the NMM armillary sphere is signed "Antonius Costa Mirandulanus fecit in Fere 1676"; armillary sphere, 1670, is 15 inches high. Mirandolana; Fera. Price 2; Italian Inventory; NMM 2; RSW.
COSTA, CESAR Italy, fl.1690-1715, MIM Squadra Mobile, 1712 = D.; Sliding Gauge, 1690 = ADL-M114; Graphometers = BM (1692) (1715), P.C.(1965); Sectors, 1699 = VEN, NYC. ADL was stolen, 1964, while on loan; the BM graphometer of 1692 is lost. Mirandolana. Bonelli 4; Price 2 and 3; Michel 3; Daumas 1; Engelmann 1; Brieux 2; Ward 4; ADL; RSW.
COSTA, GIOVANNI FRANCESCO Italy, d.1773, MIM Celestial Globe, 1754 = ROM. Venice. Bonelli 4; Italian Inventory; Globus, Dec. 1956.
COSTA, JOSEPH DE MIRANDA Portugal, 1711, NIM Mariner's Compass, 1711 = WHI. RSW.
COSTENBADR, GEORG Germany, c.1583, MIM Astrolabe Clock = Soth. 5/21/53-103. see Kostenbader. RSW.
COSTER, D. Italy, 1715, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1715 = LIE. The Hague. Michel 3 and 9.
COSTER, SALOMON Holland, d.1659, MIM with Steven Thrasi built a "magnificent planetarium known as the `Leidse sphera'"; clockmaker. Rotterdam. Daumas 1; Rooseboom 1; Price 2.
COSTERE, JACOBUS DE Holland, 1618, MIM Astrolabe, 1618 = MAA. ICA 464; designed by Michael Coignet and engraved by Ferdinand Arsenius. Rooseboom 1; Price 1; ICA 2; Michel 3 & 16; RSW.
COSTIGAN USA, post-1836, NIM T.C. 74 South Street, New York, N.Y. Moskowitz 102.
COTES, ROGER USA, c.1716, invented a meridian telescope which was made by Voight. Boston Mass. Bedini 1.
COTTA Germany, PHIM Electrical Instrument = X. Leipzig. Hackmann.
COTTAM AND HALLEN England, c.1820, MIM Level = D.; Hodometer = Soth. 7/15/63-148. Winsley Street, London. Wynter and Turner; RSW.
COTTE, LOUIS France, 1740-1815, invented or perfected meteorological instruments; author. Paris. Goldschmidt and Co. Cat.
COTTEL, TIMOTHEE France, c.1620, MIM Timothée Cottel or possibly Timothée Collet, which see. Paris. Hamilton 2.
COTTEREL, CHARLES England, c.1667, Sir Charles Cotterel invented a form of Napier's Rods. Taylor 1(314); Dewhirst; Evans 1; RSW.
COTTIE, ABEL USA, 1680, MIM had Benjamin Chandlee 1 as an apprentice, 1680; clockmaker? RSW.
COTTON, EDWARD England, fl.1818-23, MIM made dividers, protractors, etc. Boston. USNM.
COTTON, L. USA, c.1850, MIM SIM Surveying Compasses = P.C., D.(1969), USNM. New York, N.Y. USNM; RSW.
COTY France, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial = Christie 7/5/71. Paris. RSW.
COUCHMAN, PETER England, c.1682, apprenticed to Nathaniel Anderton in the Grocers' Company on Dec. 6, 1682. J. Brown 1.
COUDRAY, JULIEN France, fl.1504-30, MIM Astrolabe, 1507 = Blois Chateau; Astronomical Clock = Tours. also made armillary spheres; he may have repaired the astrolabe. Blois. Michel 3; Baillie 1; Price 2.
COULDRY, JOSEPH England, fl.1819-51, MIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. also made thermometers and saccharometers. Church Passage, Tooley Street (1819-29); 4 Churchyard Passage (1828); 26 St. Thomas Street, East Borough (1838-51); all in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1297); O'Mara.
COULOMB France, 17th Century, MIM Floating Sundial, round, ivory = MERC-87. Columb? Hamilton 1 and 2.
COULOMB, CHARLES AUGUSTIN France, 1736-1806, PHIM devised a torsion balance electrometer in 1785. G.L'E. Turner 24.
COULSELL, ELIZABETH England, c.1838, MIM OIM PHIM probably widow of Thomas Coulsell. 153 Union Street, Borough, London. Taylor 2(2104).
COULSELL, ELIZABETH AND MATHILDA England, c.1836, MIM OIM PHIM widow and daughter? 153 Union Street, Borough, London. O'Mara.
COULSELL, JOHN England, c.1830, MIM 7 Wooten Street, Cornwall Road, London. Taylor 2(1813).
COULSELL, THOMAS England, fl.1810-29, MIM made ivory and box rules; Elizabeth Coulsell his widow? 29 Union Street; 41 Union Street (1822); 153 Union Street (1828-29); all in Southwark, London. Taylor 2(1299); O'Mara.
COULSELL, WILLIAM England, 1815-58, MIM 9 Castle Street, Southwark, London. Taylor 2(1300); O'Mara.
COULSELL, WILLIAM, AND SON England, MIM 4 Salmon Lane, Limehouse, London. Taylor 2(1300).
COULSON, DANIEL England, c.1838, MIM PHIM 58 Charles Street, City Road, London. Taylor 2(2105).
COULSON, S. England, c.1825, engineer; devised a type of slide rule. Redcar. Delehar 2.
COUNSEL England, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 10/19/87. Farringdon. RSW.
COUPPEY, JEAN ANDRE France; Austria, fl.1764-73, MIM Jean André Couppey; made several astronomical clocks. Paris; Vienna. Baillie 1; Britten.
COUR, DE LA see Delacour.
COURT, WILLIAM, AND MARMADUKE HODGESON England, c.1690, T.C.; sellers of books and mathematical instruments. at the Mariner and Anchor on little Tower Hill, London. Calvert 2.
COURTANVAUX, MARQUIS DE France, pre-1782, invented the gnomograph to calculate sundials; one of the great eighteenth century collectors. Paris. Courtanvaux.
COURTI, PAUL England, 1856-57, PHIM Wheel Barometers = Soth. 10/19/87, Bearne's 2/12/92. probably son of Paul Corti; Soth. barometer signed "Courti Exeter"; Bearne's signed P. Courti, Exeter." 38 1/2 South Street (1856); 7 High Street (1856-57); both in Exeter. Goodison 1; RSW.
COURTI, PH. France, 19th Century, MIM Cannon Sundial = Drouot 4/26/67-36. Mulhouse. RSW.
COURVOISIER ET HOURIET France, fl.1775-1804, MIM David Courvoisier et Jacques Frédéric Houriet; made astronomical clocks. Le Locle. Britten.
COUSENS AND CO. England, NIM T.C. 20 Wind Street, Swansea. RSW.
COUT surely Gout. Koller, May 1966.
COUTTS, I.P. misreading for "I.P. Cutts." RSW.
COVAGNOLI, GIUSEPPE Italy, 1665, MIM SIM Circumferentor, 1665 = Brescia Museum-56. Price 2.
COVELL, THOMAS England, c.1787, MIM apprenticed to Thomas Ripley 1 of the Grocers' Company on July 5, 1787. London. J. Brown 1.
COVENS, CORNELIS Holland, fl.1792-1803, MIM Terrestrial Globe = AMST(2), BOM 3/28/06 (1803); Celestial Globe, 1803 = AMST; Armillary Sphere = AMST. succeeded the Valk Brothers. Amsterdam. Cat. der Bibliotheek, AMST; Krogt 2; Mörzer Bruyns 2.
COVENTRY, JOHN England, fl.1790-1816, MIM made glass micrometer scales and designed a hygrometer. Southwark, London. Taylor 2(1107); Chaldecott.
COVERI, STEFANO Italy, fl.1660-80, OIM made telescopes. Livorno. Daumas 1.
COWAN, HENRY England?, c.1850, PHIM Gold Balance = D.(1970). Boston. Moskowitz 101.
COWIE, A. England, NIM Sextant, case = Eldred 10/11/75. Grangemouth. RSW.
COWLAND, W. England, MIM Gunter Quadrant = Libert et Castor 4/28/82-89. RSW.
COWLEY, J. England, fl.1739-46, MIM Celestial Globe, glass, 1739 = KEN. engraved the glass globe of the "Powderham sphere", c.1740; appointed Geographer in ordinary to his Majesty (George II) in 1741. KEN; Millburn 9.
COWLEY, MISS Englandc.1787, invented a cardboard pocket armillary sphere, c.1787, "Miss Cowley's Pocket Sphere"; published by Jno. Marshall and Co., which see; example is ADL-W246. London? ADL; RSW.
COWLEY, W.H. England, NIM Sextant with platina scale = Soth. 5/21/71. Milford Haven. RSW.
COX 1 see Cock. Taylor 1(285); Daumas 1.
COX 2 England, c.1750, OIM Telescope = PEA. London. Taylor 2(701); Brewington 1.
COX 3 England, 18th Century, MIM NIM Sextant = D.(1972); Protractor = WHI; Pantograph = OXF; Sundials = NMM(2); Wheel Barometer = Christie-SK 4/17/86. may be more than one person; barometer signed "Cox" on the level. London. Taylor 2(816); Whipple 1; Gunther 2; RSW.
COX 4 England, MIM NIM PHIM SIM Marine Barometers = NMM-B.12, Soth.-S 7/23/87; Stick Barometer =X; Protractor = Phillips 4/20/83; Theodolite = Soth. 2/2/70; Garden Sundial = D.(1973). either William Charles Cox or William Cox 3; "Optician." Devonport and Plymouth. Goodison 1; Wynter 1; RSW.
COX 5 England, 1838, MIM Pocket Globe, 1838 = Soth. 12/19/66-19; Compass Sundial = NMM-Caird. globe signed "Cox's Second Edition of 1838." RSW.
COX 6 England, NIM Nautical Sextant = Exhibition-Maps. probably William Charles Cox; see entry for instruments. Exhibition-Maps.
COX AND COOMBES England, NIM Sextants, ebony and ivory, cases = Chicheley Hall, Newport-Pagnell, Christie-SK 4/17/86. the name is in an ivory circle on the Chicheley Hall sextant. Devonport and Plymouth. RSW.
COX AND FARQUAHSON England, fl.1775-91, glass workers. Glasshouse, near Falcon Stairs, Southwark, London. Taylor 2(701).
COX AND SON England, MIM Protractor = NYM. probably William Cox 2 and Son. London. RSW.
COX, ANNE AND ROGER England, c.1808, MIM rule makers. Suffolk Street, Birmingham. Bryden 9.
COX, ARTHUR England, c.1754, apprenticed to Edward Roberts 1 in the Joiners' Company on Aug. 6, 1754. Crawforth 7.
COX, BENJAMIN England, c.1733, MIM apprenticed to John Bennett 2 of the Clockmakers' Company on Dec. 5, 1726; free of the Company, March 4, 1733. Green Arbour Court, Little Old Bailey, London. J. Brown 3.
COX, DANIEL England, post-1780, OIM Glasshouse, Falcon Stairs, Southwark, London. Taylor 2(701).
COX, E. England, 19th Century, MIM Rule, folding, fruitwood = A-P 3/15/76. 15 Great Queens, London. RSW.
COX, F. England, MIM OIM Tablet Sundial, wood = Soth. 12/16/63; Microscope = Phillips 9/10/86. 100 Newgate Street, London. RSW.
COX, FRANCIS B. England, c.1860, MIM Slide Rule, carpenter, boxwood = OXF. "late Thomas Cox and Co"; also worked in ivory. 50 Camden Street, Birmingham. G.L'E. Turner 24; USNM; Evans 1; RSW.
COX, G. England, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie 5/5/83. George Cox 2? see James Cook 2. 5 Barbican, London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1815); RSW.
COX, GEORGE 1 England, c.1818, MIM maker of boxwood and ivory rules. Navigation Street, Birmingham. Bryden 9.
COX, GEORGE 2 England, fl.1830-36, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Surveying Beam Level = D.(1972); Instrument = WHI; Sector, ivory = P.C. P.C. has a small rosette at beginning of Numbers line; D. marked "Webster's Improved Beam Level, G. Cox." 128 Holborn Hill, London (1830-36). Moskowitz 104; Taylor 2(1815); Clay and Court; RSW.
COX, I.S. England, 1833, MIM Pair of Globes, miniature = Phillips 11/16/88. terrestrial globe is dated 1833; 2nd edition; see James Cox 2. RSW.
COX, J. England, c.1840, NIM Octant, ebony, brass and ivory = D. London. Wynter and Turner.
COX, JAMES 1 England, c.1780, OIM Telescope with watch on hinged lens cover = Wilsdorf Coll. (1976) = UTO 11/2/76 = TIM. photogragh caption says "William Cox"; see William Cox 2. London. Country Life, June 3, 1976, pp. 1486, 1488.
COX, JAMES 2 England, fl.1811-57, MIM OIM PHIM Terrestrial Globes, miniature, with cases = H.M. Queen Elizabeth II Coll. (1835), Phillips 12/2/87 (1835), Soth. 12/19/66-19 (1838); Wheel Barometer = X. the globe from Phillips is signed "Cox Barbican, London, 1835" on a label pasted over the original signature which was "Lane's Improved Globe, London"?; Soth. globe is signed "Cox's Second Edition of 1838"; succeeded Joseph Cox; T.C; "Working Optician"; see I.S. Cox. 51 Banner Street, St. Luke's; 5 Barbican, Aldersgate Street (1830-51); 85 Lombard Street (1839); all in London. Wynter and Turner; Wynter 1; Goodison 1; Brewington 1; Calvert 2; Crawforth 1; RSW.
COX, JOHN 1 England, c.1664, see Reeves and Cox.
COX, JOHN 2 England, fl.1732-64, OIM apprenticed to Thomas Lincoln of the Spectaclemakers' Company on Sept. 30, 1724; free of the Company on June 29, 1732; John Margas turned over to him, after 1735; T.C. at the Cock and Garter in Long Acre, London. Court and von Rohr 3(112); Crawforth 1; Robischon.
COX, JOHN 3 England, c.1759, MIM apprenticed to Joseph Hill of the Grocers' Company on July 19, 1759. London. J. Brown 1.
COX, JOSEPH England, fl.1790-1835, NIM OIM Borda Circle = KEN. succeeded William Cox 2. 3 Barbican (1798-1817); 5 Barbican (1820-35); both in London. Taylor 2(816); Brewington 1; KEN.
COX, ROGER England, see Anne and Roger Cox. Bryden 9.
COX, S.W. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Market Harborough. Goodison 1.
COX, SAMUEL England, c.1820, MIM Hour Circle, pewter = Soth. 10/21/74. RSW.
COX, THOMAS England, c.1797, MIM rule maker; continued as Thomas Cox and Co? Hill Street, Birmingham. Bryden 9; RSW.
COX, THOMAS, AND CO. England, pre-1860, MIM rule makers; succeeded by Francis B. Cox. Birmingham. G.L'E. Turner; RSW.
COX, W. England, OIM PHIM Telescope = Christie 12/17/75; Stick Barometer and Sympiesometer = X. William Cox 3 or William Charles Cox? Devonport. RSW.
COX, WILLIAM 1 England, fl.1727-44, OIM apprenticed to William Johnson in the Spectaclemakers' Company; turned over to Jane Sterrop, widow of Thomas Sterrop 1, of the Spectaclemakers' Company; free of the Company, 1727; took his son as an apprentice in 1744. London. Robischon; Crawforth 7.
COX, WILLIAM 2 England, c.1774, OIM Telescope, two-draw = Bearnes 3/30/88. apprenticed to Charles Lincoln in the Spectaclemakers' Company; free of the Company, 1774; see James Cox 1 re: telescope with watch. 3 Barbican, London. Taylor 2(816); Brewington 1; Robischon; RSW.
COX, WILLIAM 3 England, c.1806, MIM NIM PHIM Marine Barometer = X; Stick Barometer = X. supplied nautical instruments to the Naval College. Plymouth Dock, Devon. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1108); Moskowitz 102.
COX, WILLIAM CHARLES England, fl.1822-57, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Barometer = NMM; Stick Barometer = X; Marine Barometer = X; Protractors = WRAY, USNM, Soth. 3/21/73 (silver); Sextants = Soth. 11/9/59 and 7/15/63; Electrometer = KEN; Theodolite = Soth. 2/2/70; Beam Compass = NMM; Surveying Compass = D.(1975); Watch Counter = D.(1982); Telescope = D.(1992). T.C.; some instruments signed "Wm. Cox" and could be by William Cox 3. 86 Fore Street, Plymouth Dock (1822-39); 89 Fore Street (1852-56); 24 Southside Street (1856); 83 Fore Street (1857); all in Devonport; in Plymouth also. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1517); USNM; Moskowitz 107; Bryden 9; Coffeen B and 39; RSW.
COX, WILLIAM, AND SON England, fl.1786-1838, OIM William Cox 2 and Son. 3 (later 5) Barbican, London. Taylor 2(816).
COYPEL, A. France, c.1710, signature on case of astronomical clock by Fardoil; also signed "J. Caffieri." Trois Siècles.
COYSGARNE England, see Wilcox and Coysgarne. RSW.
CR. R.B.F. Germany, c.1700, MIM Horizontal Sundial = STU. Zinner 1.
CRABBE, GEORGE England, c. 1850, Rev. George Crabbe; made a cheap meridian instrument that showed time at noon to within one second. Merton Rectory, Thetford. USNM; London Internat'l Exhibition of 1862.
CRAFORD, HENRY England, fl.1737-61, MIM apprenticed to John Gilbert 1, Grocers' Company, Dec. 15, 1724; free of the Company Jan. 19, 1737 (OS); took apprentices; sometimes spelled "Crawford." Denmark Street, Ratcliffe Highway (1737); Ratcliffe Highway (1741); both in London. J. Brown 1.
CRAIG, JAMES Scotland, c.1760, MIM made an astronomical clock. Glasgow. Baillie 1.
CRAMER, GERNARD Holland?, 1714, MIM Polar Sundial, 1714 = P-B 10/28/63. "sculpsit"; Gerrit Cramer? RSW.
CRAMER, GERRIT Holland, fl.1729-55, MIM OIM Equatorial Sundial = LIE; Microscopes = CRI, UTR, BM, GRO; Telescope = LEY; Sundial = P.C.; Parallactic Machine = LEY. Groningen. Rooseboom 1; Zinner 1; Nachet; Daumas 1; Gunther 2.
CRANE, AARON D. USA?, c.1850, MIM made astronomical clock. USNM; N.Y. Exhib. of the Industry of all Nations, 1853.
CRANENDONCK, I. DE, M.F.A. 1607, MIM Radio Latino, 1607 = Christie-SK 4/17/86. RSW.
CRANEVELT, JOHN England?, c.1730, NIM Backstaff = Soth. 6/25/68-19 = D.(1982). could be Middelburg, Holland; Moskowitz thinks he is owner, and that instrument was made in England. Middelbur-; Middelburg? Moskowitz 123; RSW.
CRASSIER, G. DE Germany, MIM Quadrant, folding, wood and paper = ADL-W129. probably owner. ADL; RSW.
CRAWFORD, HENRY see Henry Craford. J. Brown 1.
CRAWHAL, T.W. England, c.1850, MIM Drawing Instrument Set, case = Ineichen 5/10/76. RSW.
CRAWLEY, THOMAS England, fl.1676-1702, OIM instrument maker for Robert Hooke. Gresham House, London. Taylor 1(391); Evans 1.
CRAWLEY, WILLIAM England, fl.1828-46, OIM may have been partner with or successor to Thomas Jones. 6 Castle Street, Leicester Square (1828-29); 21 Oxenden Street, Piccadilly (1836-38); both in London. O'Mara; Taylor 2(2107).
CRAYLE, WILLIAM England, c.1595, MIM Evans 1.
CREED, ROBERT England, c.1700, apprenticed to Thomas Tompion in the Clockmakers' Company. Robischon.
CREEK see Crick. J. Brown 1.
CREMENSIS, FRANCISCUS see Franciscus of Cremona.
CREMER, GERHARD 1 see Gerardus Mercator. Osley; Rooseboom 1.
CREMER, GERHARD 2 Germany, 1714, MIM Equatorial Sundial, 1714 = D. "Gerhard Kloppenburgh Invenit et Delineavit Gerhard Cremer Sculpsit 1714." Wynter and Turner.
CREMER, J.D. Holland, c.1750, MIM Sundial = P.C.(1798). Rooseboom 1.
CREMON, JOSEPH, AND CO. c.1780, PHIM Barometer = D.(1969). RSW.
CREMONINI England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Bilston. Goodison 1.
CREMONINI, A. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
CREMONINI, F. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
CREMSDORFF France, c.1720, MIM Butterfield-type Sundials, silver = OXFB, NMM, FIN-172, MERC-41 (oval), Soth. 7/31/58 and 6/25/68 (ex-Chester Beatty Coll.), MADEX, P-B 2/22/54, LIE. Paris. Michel 1, 3, 9 and 15; Nachet; Zinner 1; Josten 1; MADEX; Hamilton 1 and 2; RSW.
CREMSTORFF see Cremsdorff. Soth. 6/25/68.
CRENTZIN, CHRISTIAN Germany, 18th Century, MIM SIM Table Sundials = DEU, NUR; Graphometers = DEU-10499, DEU; Equatorial Sundial = SPI-166; Instrument = MUN-33/283. some instruments listed as `C. Creutzin', and of the 17th century. Munich. Zinner 1; Price 2; Evans 1; Michel 3; Ernst.
CRENY, ANTHOINE DE France, c.1660, MIM Sundial, silver and ivory = Soth.-N.Y. 2/23/79. may be Bloud-type. Dieppe. RSW.
CRESCENZIO, BARTOLOMEO Italy, c.1607, MIM made magnetic compasses; designed a mariner's astrolabe; author; Price said that he was not an instrument maker. Rome. Boffito; Michel 3; Price 2.
CREUTZIN, C. Germany, see Christian Crentzin. RSW.
CRICHTON England, c.1830, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Octants = PMS, RSM, GEP, Kelton Coll. (1990), Soth. 4/29/77; Sextants = ADL-A178, Whaling Museum, Nantucket, Mass., Soth. 5/12/75, K. and C. 7/14/76; Gunter Rule = Christie 11/22/78; Artificial Horizon = D.(1981); Parallel Rules, ivory = NMM; Thermometers = CNAM (Lavoisier Coll.); Quadrant = SUN; Microscope = Christie-SK 8/20/87; etc. PMS octant made for Alder and Duren, New York; surely John 2 or Joseph Crichton; Kelton octant made for A. Dobbie, surely James Crichton 2. 112 Leadenhall Street, London. Taylor 2(1518), (2108); Michel 3; Daumas 1; Clay and Court; Frank; Moskowitz 122; ADL; RSW.
CRICHTON BROS. England, fl.1820?-1872, MIM NIM PHIM Rule, ivory = Soth. 10/17/60; Octant = Christie-SK 4/17/86; Sextant = Phillips 11/16/76; Sympiesometer = Christie 12/8/76; Rule with Protractor = D.; Stick Barometer, 1872 = D.(1976). most instruments may be very late. 11 Billiter Street, London. Taylor 2(2108); Moskowitz 122; RSW.
CRICHTON, J. England, c.1825, OIM Microscopes = P.C., Soth. 11/9/59, 6/8/70; Monocular Microscope = Soth.-B 9/15/76. either John 2 or Joseph Crichton. 112 Leadenhall Street, London. RSW.
CRICHTON, JAMES 1 Scotlandc.1817, MIM PHIM Barometer = RSM; Magnetometer, Air Pump, Compass Variation Needle = University of Strathclyde. also a balance maker. Glasgow. Taylor 2(1301); Fiona Wilson.
CRICHTON, JAMES 2 England, c.1845, NIM Octants, ebony = Soth. 4/29/71 and 10/28/86. made instruments for A. Dobbie. London. Clarke et al.
CRICHTON, JOHN 1 England, c.1826-32, MIM 32 Fore Street, Limehouse, London. Taylor 2(1518).
CRICHTON, JOHN 2 England, fl.1846-51, MIM NIM Octant, ebony = Soth. 3/10/87. showed in the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London; T.C. reads "Manufacturer of Mathematical, Optical and Nautical Instruments to the Honorable East India Company and to the Honorable Corporation of the Trinity House." 112 Leadenhall Street, London. Taylor 2(2108); Nachet; G.L'E. Turner 24; Coffeen 10; RSW.
CRICHTON, JOSEPH England, f.1838-51, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Marine Barometer = X. 112 Leadenhall Street, London. Taylor 2(2108); Goodison 1.
CRICK, CHARLES 1 England, fl.1689-97, MIM apprenticed to William How, of the Grocers' Company, on Nov. 7, 1679; free of the Company Dec. 2, 1689; took apprentices; also spelled "Creek." London. J. Brown 1.
CRICK, CHARLES 2 England, fl.1722-38, MIM admitted to the Grocers' Company by Patrimony on Aug. 29, 1722; "Rulemaker"; son of Charles Crick 1; took an apprentice; also spelled "Creek." East Smithfield, London. J. Brown 1; Crawforth 7.
CRICK, JAMES England, fl.1733-54, MIM son of Charles Crick 1; admitted to the Grocers' Company by Patrimony on Oct. 10, 1733; took an apprentice; also may be spelled "Creek." near the Maypole, in East Smithfield, London. J. Brown 1.
CRICK, THOMAS England, c.1737, MIM son of Charles Crick 1; admitted to the Grocers' Company by Patrimony on Jan. 19, 1737 (OS). J. Brown 1.
CRICKMORE, T. England, c.1825, OIM Compound Microscope = Wellcome Institute, London. Ipswich. Bryden 9.
CRIGHTON, J. see J. Crichton.
CRINDEL see Carlo Grindel. Czech. Inventory.
CRISTEL, CONRAD Germany, 1484, MIM "compastmacher" in 1484. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
CRISTIN, JEAN PIERRE France, 1683-1755 tuv, redesigned the Celsius scale to the modern centigrade scale for thermometers. G.L'E. Turner 24.
CRITCHLEY AND MATHER England, fl.1822-24, MIM Critchley and John Mather; opticians. 3 North Side, Old Dock, Liverpool. Taylor 2(1520); Crawforth 6.
CROCE USA, PHIM Barometer = VCW. New York, N.Y. RSW.
CROCE, A. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Lewis. Goodison 1.
CROCE, G. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. York. Goodison 1.
CROCE, J. England, 1789, PHIM Stick Barometers = X (3); Wheel Barometers = X. probably Joshua Croce 1 or Joseph Croce; see William Peacock 2, who was probably his dealer; one of the stick barometers is dated "1789." York. Goodison 1; RSW.
CROCE, JOSEPH England, c.1847, PHIM barometer maker; son of Joshua Croce 1? York. Goodison 1.
CROCE, JOSHUA 1 England, fl.1823-41, PHIM barometer maker; father of Joseph Croce? 15 Grape Lane, York (1823-30). Goodison 1.
CROCE, JOSHUA 2 England, c.1850, PHIM Stick Barometers = Christie-SK 2/26/88, Soth.-S 1/25/89. the barometers are signed "Josh. Croce 212 Holborn." 212 Holborn, London. RSW.
CROFLER, CRISTOFO Germany, MIM may be a ghost. Bonelli 1.
CROGER, J. England, fl.1830-50, NIM Sextant, ebony, miniature = Soth. 11/9/70. London. RSW.
CROIX, BERIN DE LA England, 1761, MIM Noël-Simon Carochez turned over to him by P Vallée in 1761; member of the "Corporation des fondeurs"; possibly Lacroix, which see. Paris. Augarde.
CROLIUS, JOHANN Denmark, fl.1575-91, MIM collaborator of Tycho Brahe; goldsmith; instrument maker. Hven. Michel 3; Price 2.
CROLL, L. c.1650, MIM Equatorial Sundial = BUR. L. Cröll. USNM.
CROMER, GERRIT see Gerrit Cramer.
CRONMIRE, J.M. AND H. England, c.1850, MIM Drawing Instruments = Soth. 11/9/70. Soth. says 18th century. 10 Bromehead Street, Commercial Road East, London. London Intern'l Exhib., 1862; USNM; RSW.
CROOKE, JOHN 1 England, fl.1693-1758, MIM apprenticed to John Toogood in the Joiners' Company; freed in the Company by Elizabeth Toogood, July 4, 1693; took apprentices. Without Newgate, London. Crawforth 7.
CROOKE, JOHN 2 England, c.1722, apprenticed to his father, John Crooke 1, in the Joiners' Company on Sept. 1, 1713; free in the Company, April 3, 1722. Crawforth 7.
CROOKE, RICHARD England, c.1715, son of John Crooke 1; apprenticed to his father in the Joiners' Company, April 12, 1715. Crawforth 7.
CROOKES, JOHN England, MIM Quadrant, surveying = Musée Lombard, Geneva; Surveying Instrument= D.(1994). D. signed "Jno. Crookes Fecit Leeds". Leeds. Coffeen X (1994); RSW.
CROOKES, WILLIAM England, 1832-1919, PHIM invented and made a wide range of philosophical instruments, including Crooke's radiometer; F.R.S. London. DSB; DNB; Zeitlin Cat.
CROOME, ROBERT England, c.1764, free in the Joiners' Company; testified for Francis Morgan, July 3, 1764. London. Crawforth 7.
CROSA, ANTONIUS Italy, 1573, MIM Astrolabe, 1573 = D. "Antonius Crosa De Castronovo Genve Elaborabat Anno Salatis Domini MDLXXIII." Genoa. Brieux 2.
CROSBY AND ROBINSON England, pre-1743, T.C.; Thomas Crosby and John Robinson 1; sold all sorts of instruments; split up in 1743. at the lower end of Fair-street, "upon Horse-ly-down", in Southwark, London. Crawforth 1.
CROSBY, DANIEL Ireland, fl.1783-1804, PHIM Balances = D., WHI. 36 Pill Lane, Dublin. Coffeen III; Morrison-Low and Burnett.
CROSBY, JOHN England, c.1675, OIM member of the Spectaclemakers' Company, c.1675. London. Crawforth 6.
CROSMAN, CHARLES USA, 1830-1907, MIM worked for Burt and Bailey, 1853-56; worked with Burt and Watson, 1857-58; partner with William Cicero Grant as Grant and Crosman, 1858-61. Jefferson Avenue, between Bates and Randolph, Detroit, Mich. Smart 1.
CROSSE, JAMES England, c.1688, MIM apprenticed to John Brown 1 with effect from March 25, 1688. J. Brown 3.
CROSTA AND CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Nottingham. Goodison 1.
CROSTHWAITE, JOHN Ireland, fl.1787-95, MIM also made watches. Dublin. Taylor 2(818).
CROTCHIE, CHAS. Scotland, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Inverness. Goodison 1.
CROUCH, HENRY England, c.1850+, OIM PHIM Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 1/27/89; Microscope, binocular = D.(1997). London. Coffeen 56; RSW.
CROUCHER, JOSEPH England, c.1800, MIM also made a marine time-keeper. 27 Cornhill, London. Taylor 2(1111).
CROUCHLEY, G.F. misreading for George Frederick Cruchley.
CROW, FRANCIS England, 1780-1832 fl.1813-32, NIM PHIM Octant, 1832 = NMM; Compass, liquid filled = RSM; Wheel Barometer = X; Box of Magnetic Recreations = Museum, Wallington, Northumberland. patented liquid compass and Crow's seaman's octant in 1813. Faversham, Kent (1780-95); Gravesend; 37 Windsor Terrace, City Road, London. Taylor 2(1302); Goodison 1; NMM 2; USNM; J.A. Bennett 2; Hill and Padget-Tomlinson; McConnell (1984); Bedini 8.
CROW, GEORGE USA, fl.1725-71, MIM SIM Surveying Compass, 1754 = P.C. several other instruments survive; clockmaker. Wilmington, Del. Bedini 1 and 17; Smart 1.
CROW, T. England, 1801, MIM Garden Sundial, 1801 = NMM. Wateringbury. RSW.
CROWDER, JOHN England, c.1836, MIM Providence Place, Tash Street, London. O'Mara.
CROWDER, JOHN PETER England, c.1795, apprenticed to William Spencer 1 of the Grocers' Company on Nov. 5, 1795; he may be the same as John Crowder. J. Brown 1.
CRUCHLEY, GEORGE FREDERICK England, fl.1822-75, MIM Terrestrial Globes = Stuker (1958), P.C., Larvik Marine Museum, Norway (1853).; Pair of Globes = P-B 4/28/39, etc. apprenticed to Aaron Arrowsmith, c.1840; "Map-Seller, Globe Maker and Publisher"; took over Cary firm and plates in 1850 and added his own name. 64 and 81 Fleet Street, London. Lister; Moskowitz 123; Yonge; RSW.
CRUCIFIX, NICOLAS France, MIM Bloud-type Sundials, ivory and silver = D.(1976) & D.(1986). probably the same sundial. Dieppe. Coffeen Z; RSW.
CRUISE, JOHN Ireland, 1843, MIM Garden Sundial, slate, 1843 = D.(1989). gnomon stamped "Yeates/Dublin." Castletown, Kilpatrick. Moskowitz 132.
CRUNDWELL England, c.1820, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. High Street, Tunbridge Wells. Goodison 1; Baillie 1.
CRUNKLES, JAN AND FERDINAND NABOTH Czechoslovakia?, fl.1695-97, MIM Pair of Globes = Museum, Olomuc, Czech. Naboth was painter; Crünkles was the constructer. Czech. Inventory.
CRUQUIUS, NICOLAUS SAMUEL Holland, 1678-1754, MIM Astronomical Quadrant = LEY. surveyor;, expert on water-works. Delft; Spaarndam. Michel 3; Rooseboom 1.
CRUS, JOZE DA Portugal, c.1808, MIM NIM Compass = LIM. compass signed "Joze da Crus, a Fez." Lisbon. RSW.
CRYER, THOMAS England, fl.1754-1801, MIM apprenticed to John Farmer 2 in the Joiners' Company on June 7, 1748; listed as a Householder from 1754 to 1801. London. Crawforth 7.
CUBITT, WILLIAM England, 1817, devised an "Ellipsifex" in 1817. Ipswich. Delehar 7.
CUCCO, AUGUSTINUS Italy, 1596, MIM Artillery Instrument, 1696 = ADL-M100. "Bombarda er aris cent°." Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
CUFF, JOHN England, 1708-72, OIM PHIM Microscopes = CRI (No. 1), EGE, OXF, FLO, BIL, KEN (6), UTR, WHI, MAS, AMH, RSM, etc.; Telescopes = NMM, OXF, MLL, etc.; Stick Barometer = D.(1977); Angle Barometer = X; etc. apprenticed to James Mann 2 of the Spectaclemakers' Company on April 13, 1722; free of the Company on Jan. 8, 1730; Master of the Company, 1748-49; took apprentices; T.C.; author. at the Sign of the Reflecting Microscope and Spectacles, opposite Serjeant's Inn Gate, Fleet Street (1742-54); Salisbury Court, Fleet Street (1758); from opposite Shoe Lane (1759); of the Parish of St. Dunstan's in the West (1760); all in London. Calvert 2; Crawforth 1; Taylor 2(158); Goodison 1; Whipple 1; Bonelli 1; Chaldecott 1; Belgian Inv.; Egestorff; Gunther 2 & 6; Chenakal 4; KEN; Daumas 1; Nachet; Purtle; Coffeen 58; RSW.
CUFF, WILLIAM England, c.1720, MIM Sundial = Bishop's Palace, Wells. Shepton Mallet. Britten.
CUINET, AEGIDIUS variant spelling of Coignet, which see. RSW.
CUINIET, GILLES variant spelling for Coignet, which see. Michel 12; Rooseboom 1; RSW.
CULLOCK, M. England, c.1787, invented a new azimuth compass. 38 Minories, London. NMM.
CULLS, J.P., TOMS AND SUTTON misreading for J.P. Cutts, Sons and Sutton. Soth.-B 9/15/76.
CULMER, C. England, 18th Century, NIM Hadley Quadrant = D.(1993). mispelling of J. Culmer? London. MAD, Aug. 1993.
CULMER, J. England, c.1700?, NIM Octant = Marine Historical Assoc., Conn.; Hadley's Quadrant = Mystic Seaport, Conn. Josiah Culmer? Wapping New Stairs, London. USNM; RSW.
CULMER, JOSIAH England, fl.1770-1810, NIM Sextant, 1786 = Robert Watt (1786); Octants = Liverpool Museum (1786), Marine Historical Association, Conn.; Hadley's Quadrant = Mystic Seaport, Conn. apprenticed to John Urings 2 in the Joiners' Company on Oct. 2, 1770; listed as a MIM in the directories. 130 (later 126) Wapping Stairs, London. Taylor 2(820); Dewhirst; Clay and Court; NMM 1; Crawforth 7; RSW.
CULPEPER AND SCARLETT England, OIM Microscope = CRI. London. Gunther 2.
CULPEPER, EDMUND 1 England, 1660-1738 fl.1713-38, MIM NIM OIM SIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums, including microscopes, various types of sundials, grapho- meters, circumferentors, sectors, etc; (see Coffeen 46.) apprenticed to Walter Hayes in the Grocers' Company, Sept. 6, 1684; free of the Company on Mar. 4, 1713; took over Hayes' shop before 1700; took one apprentice; sometimes spelled `Culpepper"; gave his name to a type of microscope but it is not certain that he was the inventor; T.C. also lists telescopes; some instruments signed "E.C" which see. Cross Daggers, Moorfields (the Old Mathematical Shop); Black and White Horse, Middle Moorfields; under the Piazza at the Royal Exchange; all in London. Taylor 1(422), 2(31); Bryden 11 & 16; J. Brown 1; Crawforth 1; Calvert 2; Moskowitz; Coffeen 46; Price 3; Ward 4; ADL; RSW.
CULPEPER, EDMUND 2 England, fl.1758-59, MIM admitted to the Grocers' Company by Patrimony, Oct. 3, 1758; son of Edmund Culpeper 1; took his son as as apprentice. Mile End in Stepney Parish; Mare Street, Hackney (1759); both in London. J. Brown 1.
CULPEPER, EDWARD clergyman; not an instrument maker; father of Edmund Culpeper 1. Court and von Rohr 3(IV); Taylor 1(307 and 422); J. Brown 1; Crawforth 6.
CULPEPER, JOHN CHANDLER England, c.1759, apprenticed to his father, Edmund Culpeper 2, in the Grocers' Company on Sept. 6, 1759. J. Brown 1.
CULPEPPER see Culpeper. J. Brown 1.
CULPER, E. England, MIM Ring Sundial, large = MERC-23. probably E. Culpeper. Hamilton 1.
CUMBERLAND, RICHARD England, 1631-1718, MIM Dr. Richard Cumberland; constructed an orrery, pre-1700. Stamford; Peterborough. Milburn 5; Gunther; Taylor and Wlson; USNM.
CUMMING, ALEXANDER Scotland; England, fl.1773-1814, MIM PHIM Clock Barographs = Buckingham Palace (1765), Cumming (1766); Luke Howard (1814) = KEN, Lowther Castle = P.C. = VAA (loan); Microtome = KEN. clockmaker; author; F.R.S.; Philosophical Society of Edinburgh; sometimes spelled ~Cummings"; in 1781 he was made an Honorary Freeman of the Clockmakers' Company. Edinburgh; 12 Clifford Street, Bond Street (1785); 75 Fleet Street; Pentonville; all in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(462); Britten; Boffito; Baillie 1; Chaldecott 1; Cosh 2; Middleton 1.
CUMMINS, ALEXANDER England, c.1840, clock and chronometer maker; held patents for improvements in barometers and sympiesometers. Leadenhall Street, London. Goodison 1.
CUNAEUS, ANDREAS Holland, c.1755, devised, independently, the Leyden jar. A.J. Turner 10.
CUNIGHAM, JACOB England, 1661, OIM Telescope, 1661 = NMM. maker or owner? Cuningham? earliest dated telescope known. NMM 2; Daumas 1; Taylor 1(289); London Illustrated News, 4/10/37.
CUNINGHAM, WILLIAM England, 1531-86, designed mathematical instruments including a new quadrant and an astronomer's ring. Norwich; Cambridge; Colman Street, London. Taylor 1(22); Gunther 2; Evans 1.
CUNLY, ETHAN USA?, 1804, MIM Horizontal Sundial, slate, 1804 = Mercer Museum, Pa. RSW.
CUNN, SAMUEL England, fl.1714-22, designed a new sector. Litchfield Street, London. Taylor 1(572).
CUNO, COSMUS CONRADUS Germany, 1652-1745, OIM Microscope, simple, wood and ivory, case, 1692 / Christie-SK June/1996. optician; made fine microscopes. Augsburg. Nachet; Daumas 1; Price 2; Zahn; Clay and Court; ATG June, 1966.
CUNO, JAKOB Germany, fl.1561-79, MIM made astronomical clock for Strasbourg Cathedral. Frankfort. Zinner 1.
CUPER France, MIM Sundial in lid of watch = Ineichen 5/3/74. Blois. RSW.
CURMOLI England, mis-spelling in directory for Comoli. Dudley. Goodison 1.
CURSOR, PAPIRIUS Italy, MIM Sundial = Rome. Rome. Randall 1.
CURTAIN, WILL. Ireland, 1748, watchmaker; perhaps the same as Curtin in Tipperary. Cork. Morrison-Low and Burnett.
CURTIN Ireland, MIM Garden Sundial, slate = P.C. Tipperary. RSW.
CURTIS, JOHN England, c.1715, MIM apprenticed to William Sellars of the Clockmakers' Company on May 24, 1715. J. Brown 3.
CURTIS, SAMUEL England, c.1695, apprenticed to John Patrick 1 in the Joiners' Company on Aug. 6, 1695. Crawforth 7.
CURTIS, WILLIAM 1795, NIM Hadley's Quadrant, 1795 = DeLuca Auction 3-21-81; Sextant, ebony, ivory and brass, 1795 = Soth.-PB pre-1980. RSW.
CURTIUS, JACOB Germany, c.1580-90, invented a geographical-astronomical disc. Senstenar. Zinner 4.
CURTIUS, MARCUS Germany, 1601, MIM Sundial, honestone, 1601 = BM; Astrolabe Clock = Ilbert. sundial also marked "A.P. 1601"; Britten thought clock was c. 1665 and from Bohemia. Price 2 & 3; Ward 4; Daumas 1; Britten.
CUSA, NICOLAUS DE see Nicolaus de Cusa Zinner 1; Weil 2(6); Hartmann; DSB.
CUSHEE England, MIM made orreries according to J. Harris.; probably E. Cushee. RSW.
CUSHEE, E. England, fl.1729-68, MIM globe maker; probably Elizabeth, wife/widow of and successor to Richard Cushee; associated with Thomas Wright; associated with Benjamin Cole from 1757 on. Globe and Sun, between St. Dunstan's Church and Chancery Lane, Fleet Street (after 1741); The Orrery, Water Lane, Fleet Street (pre-1768); both in London. Goodison 1; Wynter and Turner; Taylor 2(247); Globus, Dec. 1957; Wynter 1; Yonge. WEBDB.
CUSHEE, LEONARD England, MIM Terrestrial Globes, miniature, with cases = Soth. 2/28/80, 6/25/68; Pannett Park Museum, Whitby; Globe, 12-inch = X. brother of E. Cushee; son of Richard Cushee. Wynter 1; Krogt 2; Yonge; RSW.
CUSHEE, RICHARD England, fl.1708-34, MIM Terrestrial Globes, miniature, with cases = Soth. 11/6/87 (1731), OXF, P.C., KEN, D.(1983), Soth. 3/9/64, 10/31/67, 7/29/69, etc.; Celestial Globe = Soth. 3/13/67; Pairs of Globes = Physics Academy, Sor°, Denmark (1720), D.(1977) (1730); Terrestrial Globes = Burton Constable, OXF (on Wright"s orrery). worked with Thomas Wright (1731-34); father of Leonard and E. Cushee, the latter succeded him; T.C; surveyor; the celestial gores in the cases use a geocentric projection. Globe and Sun, between St. Dunstan's Church and Chancery Lane, Fleet Street, London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(33); Calvert 2; Gunther 2; Globus, Dec. 1957 and 1968; KEN; Wynter and Turner; Wynter 1; E. Hall; Crawforth 1; Krogt 2; Yonge; RSW.
CUSHIN, JEDIDIA England, c.1672, apprenticed to Walter Hayes of the Grocers' Company on April 26, 1672. London. J. Brown 1.
CUSHING, ABBY C. USA, 1822-1907, succeeded her husband, Samuel Thaxter Cushing, in 1892, as head of S. Thaxter and Son; sold company to Herbert Risteen Starret in 1905; he had been with the company since 1884. 125 State Street, Boston, Mass. Smart 1.
CUSHING, SAMUEL THAXTER USA, fl.1843-99, NIM owner of Samuel Thaxter and Son, 1843-99; "Grandson of Samuel Thaxter"; on T.C. of Samuel Thaxter and Son; succeeded by Abby C. Cushing, his widow, in 1882. 125 State Street, Boston, Mass. Bedini 1; Brewington 1; Smart 1.
CUSIN, NOEL France, c.1675, MIM Sundial in lid of watch = LOU. Noël Cusin. Autun. RSW.
CUSSANS see Cosens. Loomes.
CUTBUSH, ROBERT England, 1656, MIM Quadrant on lid of tobacco box, 1656 = OXF. Clay Coll. RSW.
CUTHBERT 1 England, c.1800, MIM SIM Theodolite = Chayette 6/28/86. either John Cuthbert 2 or T. Cuthbert. St. Martin's Lane, London. RSW.
CUTHBERT 2 England, OIM made catoptric microscopes; could be any of the Cuthberts. London. Nachet.
CUTHBERT, CHARLES England, fl.1830-47, MIM OIM PHIM 88 1/2 Gernault Place, Spitalfields, Clerkenwell (1836-40); 9 Clerkenwell Green (1842-47); both in London. O'Mara; Taylor 2(1820).
CUTHBERT, J. England, fl.1829-35, OIM Gregorian Telescope = Wellesley College Observatory, Mass.; Microscope, 1829 = CRI. probably James Cuthbert or John 2. London. USNM; Gunther 2.
CUTHBERT, JAMES England, fl.1820-35, OIM Reflecting Microscope = KEN. also made Gregorian telescopes. 445 Strand, London. Taylor 2(1523); Dewhirst; Clay and Court.
CUTHBERT, JOHN 1 England, fl.1783-1810, OIM Microscope = WHI; Instrument = KEN; Telescope, reflecting = WHI. T.C. Taylor 2(822); Whipple 1; Price 12; Gunther 3; Purtle; G.L'E. Turner 24.
CUTHBERT, JOHN 2 England, fl.1817-52, OIM PHIM Microscope, reflecting, 1829 = KEN; Telescopes. Gregorian = Soth. 3/10/87, BIR (1840), KEN (1852); Microscope, 1828 = Christie-SK 12/1/83. T.C. (c.1839). 113 St. Martin's Lane (1817); Westminster Road (1821); 16 Paradise Street, Lambeth (1822); 58 (inked out and 84 inserted) Brook Street, West Square, Lambeth; all in London. O'Mara; KEN; RSW.
CUTHBERT, JOHN 3 England, OIM Magic Mirror = Soth. 10/31/66-78. could be John Cuthbert 1 or 2. London. RSW.
CUTHBERT, T. England, fl.1815-22, MIM OIM 113 St. Martin's Lane, Charing Cross, London. Taylor 2(1303); USNM; RSW.
CUTHBERTSON AND CHAMPNEYS England; Holland, c.1770, MIM OIM PHIM Universal Ring Sundial = Drecker Coll. = P.C.; Air Pumps = UTR, LEY; Telescopes, reflecting = FRK, Christie-SK 11/19.87. John Cuthbertson and his father-in-law, James Champneys. London; Amsterdam. Hackmann 1; Rooseboom 1; Daumas 1; Frank; RSW.
CUTHBERTSON, I., AND CO. Holland, post-1768, PHIM Air Pump, double-barrelled = LEY. see John Cuthbertson and Co. Amsterdam. Hackmann 1.
CUTHBERTSON, JOHN England; Holland; England, 1743-1821, MIM OIM PHIM Air Pumps = LEY (1789, 1790), GRO, KEN, TEY; Electrical Machines = TEY (1784), LEY (1788), UTP, KEN; Microscope = UTP; Twin-Plate Electrical Machines, 1799 = RIL, Inverness Museum; etc. apprenticed to James Champneys of the Stationers' Company in 1761; later married his daughter; invented new form of air pump; did a lot of work in Amsterdam for Van Marum; see Cuthbertson and Champneys; see I. Cuthbertson and Co. Amsterdam (1768- post-1793); Poland Street West (1796); 53 Poland Street (1798-99); 54 Poland Street (1800-); all three in London. Hackmann 1; Rooseboom 1; G.L'E. Turner 7 & 24; Taylor 2(340); Crommelin; Dewhirst; Daumas 1; USNM; Clay and Court; KEN; A.J. Turner 10.
CUTHBERTSON, JOHN, AND CO. England, MIM OIM PHIM later than Cuthbertson and Champneys; see I. Cuthbertson and Co. London. Rooseboom 1; Daumas 1; Hackmann 1.
CUTHBERTSON, JONATHAN England; Holland, 1744-1806, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Circumferentor = Auction, 1906; Thunder House = LEY. brother of John Cuthbertson; made an instrument, a `distance measurer', similar to Hadley's quadrant; designed and made air pumps and solar microscopes; made instruments for Teyler Museum. Rotterdam (1773-1806). Mörzer Bruyns 2; Hackmann 1; G.L'E. Turner 7; Rooseboom 1; Taylor 2(340a); Daumas 1.
CUTHBERTSON, MR. England, c.1777, see Walter Field. Price 3.
CUTLER, EDWARD England, c.1821, apprenticed to George (Huggins) Dollond 1 in the Grocers' Company, Sept. 6, 1821; no further record available to date. J. Brown 2.
CUTLER, J. USA, 1777, MIM Sundial, pewter, 1777 = D.(1982). Salem, Mass. Coffeen A.
CUTLER, JAMES England, c.1796, apprenticed to Charles Fairbone 1 of the Grocers' Company on April 7, 1796. J. Brown 1.
CUTLER, NATHANIEL England, c.1631, T.C; teacher of mathematics; seller of mathematical and nautical instruments. near Wapping Dock, London. KEN; Calvert 2.
CUTS, J.P. England, OIM Microscope = K. and C. 4/7/76. misreading for Cutts. Sheffield.
CUTTS England, OIM Telescope = DRE. surely J.P. Cutts. London. RSW.
CUTTS, E.A. USA, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = D.(1969). New York, N.Y. RSW.
CUTTS, I.P. England, 1825-60, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Octant = VNN; Spyglass = D.(1980); Microscopes = Christie 4/3/85, Soth. 3/23/70 and 7/21/75. see J.P. Cutts. Sheffield. Moskowitz 121; RSW.
CUTTS, I.P., SUTTON AND SON see J.P. Cutts, Sutton and Son.
CUTTS, I.P., SUTTON AND SONS see J.P. Cutts, Sutton and Sons.
CUTTS, J.P. see John Priston Cutts.
CUTTS, J.P., AND SONS England, c.1830, OIM PHIM Telescope = Christie 7/28/70; Microscope = D.(1975). "Opticians to Her Majesty"; microscope signed "J.P. Cutts and Son." Sheffield. RSW.
CUTTS, J.P., SONS AND SUTTON England, fl.1845-60, OIM PHIM Telescopes = PEA, D.1978). "Opticians to Her Majesty." 43 Division Street, Sheffield. Goodison 1; Brewington; RSW.
CUTTS, J.P., SUTTON AND SON England, fl.1835-60, NIM OIM Telescopes = D.(1972), Soth. NY 2/23/79, Soth. 1/22/73; Octant = Detroit Historical Society; Microscope = D.(1989). "Opticians to Her Majesty" (which Queen?); trademark is an anchor and "Try Me"; Soth. telescope and the octant are signed "I.P. Cutts, Sutton and Son." Sheffield and London. Coffeen 27; RSW.
CUTTS, J.P., SUTTON AND SONS England, fl.1845-82, NIM OIM Ship's Log = D.; Harpoon Logs = D.(1975), D.(1976). harpoon logs also signed "J.P. Cutts' Patent Dolphin Log No. 2"; one of the harpoon logs is called a taffrail log in catalogue and is signed "I.P.Cutts, Sutton and Sons." London. Moskowitz 111; Rinaldi; RSW.
CUTTS, JOHN P., SUTTON AND SON England, 1845-, OIM PHIM sometimes seen as J.P. Cutts, Sutton and Sons. 43 Division Street, Sheffield. Taylor 2(1821); USNM.
CUTTS, JOHN PRISTON England, fl.1825-60, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Telescope = USNM; Microscopes = Soth. 12/8/69 and 3/23/70; Marine Barometer = X; Wheel Barometer = X; etc. instruments signed "J.P. Cutts" or "John P. Cutts"; see T.P. Cutts; see I.P. Cutts; see J.P. Cutts Sons and Sutton; see J.P. Cutts, Sutton and Son; T.C.; "Optician to Her Majesty." 58 Norfolk Street (1825); 43 Division Street, near the National School (1826-60); both in Sheffield; London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1821); Calvert 2; USNM; Nachet; KEN; Moskowitz 111; Crawforth 1; RSW.
CUTTS, T.P. England, c.1822, OIM Telescope = K. and C. 12/15/72. misreading for J.P. Cutts. 58 Norfolk Street, Sheffield. Taylor 2(1524); RSW.
CUVIERE France, c.1850, MIM Equatorial Sundial = Drecker. Cuvière. RSW.
CUZZETTI, FABIANI Italy, 1699, MIM Table Sundial, soapstone, 1699 = WHI. from the bell tower of Waltham Abbey Church; signed "Ex Operib, Presbyt: Fabiani Cuzzetti." Whipple 1; Bryden 16.
CZADECKY, FERDINAND Czechoslovakia, fl.1690-1710, OIM Telescope = Museum, Komarov. Zabrdovice. Czech. Inv.
CZECH, JOSEF Czech; Italy; Austria, fl.1710-30+, MIM NIM OIM SIM Table Sundial = P.C.; Universal Ring Sundials = P. and S. 11/21/1894 and Phillips 2/2/70; Clock = X; Graphometers = P.C. (1965), Gottingen Heimatmuseum-119; Compass in gimbals = P.C. one graphometer also marked "W.D. Scheefer"; came into power as co-assistant to Antonius Braun, court optician; succeeded him at the court of Bohemia. Prague; Milan; Vienna. Zinner 1; Michel 1 and 3; Brieux 3; Habacher; RSW.
CZERNY, JOSEF Austria, fl.1825-38, MIM Celestial Globes = Mechitharistenkloster, Vienna. Globus, Nov. 1954, Dec. 1956.
D'AMERY, LAMBERT Belgium, fl.1600-14, MIM Astrolabe, 1614 = BMR (ICA-451); Astrolabe = LIE (ICA-459). father of Leonard D'Amery. Liège. Price 1; ICA 2; Michel 1, 3, 9, 10, 13, 16; Belgian Inventory; Zinner 1; Société Belge; Art.
D'AMERY, LEONARD Belgium, 1607-40, MIM NIM SIM Circumferentors = ADL-M150 (missing, never shipped by Mensing who thought this was a double entry), ADL-M151, BMR, Michel Coll., Rosenheim; Holland Circle = ROU. signed himself as a `mathematician'; son of Lambert D'Amery. Brussels. Michel 3, 9, 10; Price 2; Engelmann 1; Zinner 1; Belgian Inventory; Daumas 1; ADL; RSW.
D'ANNONE, NIKLAUS Switzerland, fl.1678-1703, MIM Astronomical Clock = BASH. Basle. Baillie 1; Britten.
D. AND F. England, c.1810, NIM PHIM Hydrometer = D. Dring and Fage. RSW.
D. AND S. USA, -1866, MIM Triangular Plotting Scale = P.C. Darling and Schwartz. Bangor, Maine. G.L'E. Turner 24.
D. JAC. Italy?, 1658, MIM Plate for Equatorial Sundial, 1658 = NAC. "D. Jac. in ordine cart. fecit anno 58." Michel 3.
D.A.V.M. MIM Universal Ring Dial = P.C. bridge replaced by wire; similar instrument in Landau Coll. RSW.
D.B. 1 David Beringer; see also D.B.F. RSW.
D.B. 2 Bobinger thought this was David Buschmann. Evans 1; Bobinger 4.
D.B. PAT. Germany; Austria, PHIM Barometer, diagonal, No. 46 = GMM. Munich; Innsbruck. RSW.
D.B.F. MIM Sundial, oval, portable = VNN; Compass Sundials = ADL-M263, Drouot 4/7/87, etc. "D.B.f."; D.B. fecit; surely David Beringer, although Bobinger lists this as David Buschmann. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Engelmann 1; Bobinger 2; Michel 3; ADL; RSW.
D.D. Germany?, 1674, MIM Sandglass, four-part, geared, 1674 = DRE. RSW.
D.F. England, c.1825, NIM scale on an octant is marked "D.F." with a fouled anchor, Dring and Fage. London. Brewington 1.
D.G. 1573, MIM Pillar Sundial, ivory, 1573 = STS. Zinner 1.
D.G.B.F. Italy, 1641, MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory, 1641 = Drecker Coll. = DPW. the dial has a cardboard lunar volvelle. RSW.
D.H.S./B.A.D. 1693, MIM Garden Sundial, stone, 1693 = NOR. "D.H.S." over "B.A.D." RSW.
D.I.V. 1692, MIM SIM Circumferentor, 1692 = Soth. 3/17/38 = Kenney Sale = DPW. Kenney gives "I.D.V." but Exhibition-Maps gives "D.I.V." Exhibition-Maps; RSW.
D.K. 1 Germany, fl.1707-13, MIM Table Sundial, stone 1707 = MUN; Vertical Sundial, stone, 1713 = Landshut Isar Museum. Zinner 1.
D.K. 2 France, 18th Century, MIM Horizontal Sundial, paper dial plate, in boxwood case = Lausanne Palais Rumine. Strasbourg. Zinner 1.
D.K. 3 see the entry "I." (2). RSW.
D.N. France, 17th Century, MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory = Nouveau Drouot 5/20/88. "D.N." is punchmark on back. RSW.
D.N.J. 1693, MIM Universal Ring Sundial, 1693 = DEU-26897. RSW.
D.N.S. see "DNS." Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
D.P. Germany?, 1664, MIM Cruciform Sundial, 1664 = White Coll. = WHI (FIT). Bryden 16; Evans 1.
D.Q. 1754, MIM Horary Quadrant, 1754 = USNM. Capuchin sundial on reverse. USNM.
D.R.P. Italy?, PHIM Barometer = FLM. Bonelli 4.
D.S. see Dom Stefano Bonsignori. Michel 3.
D.S.B.F.F. Italy?, MIM Sun and Moon Dial = FLO-2499. for 40°30'; Don Stephano Buonsignori? Florence? Bonelli 1.
D.S.F.F. Italy?, 1587, MIM Polyhedral Sundial, 1587 = FLO-2456. Don Stephano Buonsignori? Florence? Bonelli 1; Michel 3; Italian Inventory; A.J. Turner 10..
DABNEY, JOHN, JR. England; USA, fl.1739-43, MIM apprenticed to Jonathan Sisson; came to Boston, Mass. in 1739; met Rowland Houghton; repaired instruments for Harvard College. Mr. Rowland Houghton's Shop, the north side of the Town House (1739-43); Milk Street (1743); both in Boston, Mass. (1743). Bedini 1, 8 & 13; USNM.
DAFFNAY, JOANNES 1743, MIM SIM Circumferentor, 1743 = BMR. RSW.
DAGGER, D.D. FRANCISCUS LEONARDUS Austria, 1729, MIM Table Sundial, stone, 1729 = SLM. Zinner 1; Haupolter.
DAGLISH, R. England, c.1780, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = P.C. Orell near Wigan. RSW.
DAGUET, THEODORE Switzerland, b.1795, OIM made optical lenses. Solothurn. USNM; Exhibition of the Industries of the World, N.Y., 1853.
DAKIN, JONATHAN USA, c.1745, PHIM balance maker. Sign of the Hand and Beam, Boston, Mass. Bedini 1.
DALE, E.R. England, c.1770, NIM Backstaff = Phillips-NE 7/19/93. may be owner. ATG 7/10/93.
DALE, JOHN England, 1661, MIM set up two sundials in the quadrangle of St. John's College, Oxford in 1661; he was a fellow there. Oxford. Beeson.
DALE, THOMAS England, MIM Sundial = Museum of Science and Industry, Oslo. Bath. Dr. Johan Knap, Antiquarian Horology, Sept. 1970.
DALES, CHARLES England, MIM Heliochronometer = Soth. 7/10/67. signed "optician"; perhaps only a dealer. Bournemouth. RSW.
DALLAND England, OIM Telescope = OMM. misreading for Dollond. London. RSW.
DALLAWAY 1 England, MIM Compass Sundial = Soth. 2/9/56; Map Measurer = Phillips 4/20/83. see Joseph James Dallaway. London. RSW.
DALLAWAY 2 England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. could be Dallaway 3 or 4. Goodison 1; RSW..
DALLAWAY 3 England, c.1775, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Soth. 1/19/73. optician. Cheltenham. Goodison 1; RSW.
DALLAWAY 4 England, PHIM Stick Barometer = Christie 5/26/76. Bath. RSW.
DALLAWAY, I. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth. Wilkinson and Hodge 12/18/24. Stroud. RSW.
DALLAWAY, JOSEPH JAMES England, fl.1799-1809, MIM OIM apprenticed to Edward Troughton in the Grocers' Company on June 4, 1789; free of the Company on May 2, 1799; optician; T.C.; invented a map pedometer. 4 George Lane, Botolph Lane (1802); 147 Tottenham Court Road (1805-09); both in London. Goodison 1; J. Brown 1; Crawforth 1.
DALLMEYER, JOHN HENRY England, c.1850, OIM Telescope, 4-draw = FRK-T92; Telescopes = Christie 12/17/75, Phillips 2/14/79. issued a catalogue as late as 1865. London. Frank; Clarke et al; RSW.
DALTON, JOHN England, c.1850, NIM Hadley's Quadrant = PEA. Hartlepool. Brewington 1.
DAM, JAN VAN DEN Holland, fl.1738-73, MIM Orrery, 1756 = AMST. Michel thought this orrery was at the University of Amsterdam. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1; Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2; Michel 3.
DAME, RICHARD USA, c.1840, MIM made rulers. Hanover, N.H. DATM.
DAMERIN, MAISON Belgium, MIM SIM Graphometer = Auction, Chartres 6/10/79. House of Damérin. Brussels. RSW.
DAMMESTARRE Holland?, MIM Planetarium Clock = LEY. RSW.
DANBY, JOHN England, c.1737, apprenticed to John Farmer 2 in the Joiners' Company on Feb. 14, 1737. Crawforth 7.
DANCE, J.B. misreading for John Benjamin Dancer. RSW.
DANCER 1 England, OIM PHIM Stick Barometer, with Thermometer = K. and C. 12/3/75; Optical Square = OXF. Abraham or John Benjamin Dancer. Manchester. RSW.
DANCER 2 see Abraham and Dancer.
DANCER AND ABRAHAM England, c.1843, surely Abraham and Dancer. Manchester. Alker.
DANCER AND SONS England, fl.1800-10, MIM OIM Michael Dancer and his sons. 55 Great Sutton Street; 53 Red Lion Street; both in Clerkenwell, London. Taylor 2(1112).
DANCER, ABRAHAM England, fl.1838-42, OIM probably Abraham and Dancer. 13 Cross Street, King Street, Manchester. Taylor 2(2110); Clay and Court.
DANCER, E.E., AND CO. England, fl.1878-1900, OIM daughter of J.B. Dancer; succeeded him in 1878 when he retired; firm was taken over in 1900 by Richard Suter. Manchester. Soth. 3/25/86.
DANCER, J.B., AND CO. England, fl.1883-1884, MIM OIM PHIM John Benjamin Dancer and Co. Manchester. Alker and Osborne.
DANCER, JOHN BENJAMIN England, b.1812 d.1887 fl.1835-81, MIM NIM OIM PHIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums, including a microscope, balance and rule, all in silver, at College of Technology, Manchester, thermometers at Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, and 2 microscopes at KEN, etc. his father, Josiah, and his grandfather were instrument makers; partner of Abrahah Abraham in Manchester (1841-44); made instruments for Joule; T.C.; also signed " J.B. Dancer"; "Optician"; "By appointment to Her Majesty's Commissioners." Liverpool; 13 Cross Street, King Street (1835-45); 43 Cross Street, King Street (1848-81); both in Manchester. Taylor 2(1525); Calvert 2; Clay and Court; Lowery; Ashworth; Alker and Osborne; Goodison 1; KEN; G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW; Coffeen B; Bryden 9; Collins 1; Clarke et al.
DANCER, JOSIAH England, fl.1810-35, OIM father of John Benjamin Dancer who succeeded him in 1835. Liverpool. Taylor 2(1304); Clay and Court.
DANCER, MICHAEL England, fl.1776-1810, MIM apprenticed to Robert Tangate 1 in the Joiners' Company on Dec. 2, 1766; free in the Company, Sept. 3, 1776; took apprentices. Bride Lane (1776); Bangor ourt, Shoe Lane, Holborn (1781); New Street Square (1788); Blewitt's Buildings, Fetter Lane (1793); Rosomond Street, Clerkenwell (1796-1800); Red Lion Street, Clerkenwell (1801); 55 Great Sutton Street, Clerkenwell (1810); all in london. Taylor 2(947); Dewhirst; Daumas 1; Clay and Court; Crawforth 7.
DANCKERTS, JUSTUS Holland, 1635-1701, MIM Globe, glass = VIE. globemaker, engraver, map seller; also see Justinius Dankerts. Calverstraat, Amsterdam. Michel 3; Alker; Tooley; Globus, Dec. 1956; RSW.
DANESI, PIETRO PAOLO Italy; Paraguay, 1719-69, MIM made sundials in Paraguay. Babuco, Italy. Morpurgo 1.
DANFRIE, PHILIPPE France, 1525-1608, MIM SIM Astrolabe = BM; Astrolabes, wood and paper = PSH (1578); Astrolabes, 1584 = OXF, P. and S. 11/21/1894, Soth. 10/31/66, Soth. 6/2/87; Graphometers = P.C., Soth. 6/23/87, D.(1970), Prin Coll. = NMM; Theodolite (incomplete) = ADL-M187; Trigonometers = BMR, MAD, NMM; Armillary Spheres = MADEX (1602), OXFB; Sundial, silver-gilt = Evans Coll.; Circumferentors = HAK (1608), WHI; etc. invented the graphometer; author; Jehan Moreau reprinted the paper astrolabe of 1584 in 1622, which see. à l'Enseigne du Mirouer, rue des Carmes, Paris; Rouen (1608). Daumas 1; Price 1 and 3; Ward 4; ICA 2; Gunther 1 and 6; Michel 1 and 3; Engelmann 1; Josten; Belgian Inv.; Nachet; USNM; Hamilton 2; Whipple 1; MADEX; Paris 1900; Société Belge; J.A. Bennett 2; A.J. Turner 10; Gibbs 2; USNM; ADL; RSW.
DANGELO AND CADENAZZI England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Winchester. Goodison 1.
DANGELO, G. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Basingstoke. Goodison 1.
DANIEL, HENRY England, c.1687, apprenticed to Thomas Walpole in the Grocers' Company on April 4, 1687. J. Brown 1.
DANIEL, JOHANN Germany, 178?, PHIM Balance = Christie-SK 12/1/83; Coin Balances = D. and D.(1986). in der Bergischen Hauptstadt, Lennep. Coffeen II; Wynter 1; RSW.
DANIELL, EDWARD England, c.1686, MIM apprenticed by turnover to James Atkinson of the Clockmakers' Company on Sept. 6, 1686. J. Brown 3.
DANIELL, JOHN FREDERICK England, 1790-1845, PHIM Hygrometer = WHI. inventor of the Daniell cell, the register pyrometer and the Daniell hygrometer; first professor of chemistry at King's College, London.. London. USNM; Whipple 1; Middleton 1; Coffeen 56.
DANIELL, WILLIAM England, fl.1632-70, MIM Quadrant Sundial, 1665 = OXF; Horary Quadrant, 1663 = X. member of the Clockmakers' Company, 1632; also made watch cases. Sign of the Golden Ball, Ivy Bridge, Strand, London. Taylor 1(172); Michel 3; Evans 1; USNM; Gunther 6.
DANIELS, AUGUSTUS Austria, c.1765, MIM Sundial = P.C. Vienna. USNM.
DANKBAAR Holland, 1789, NIM Cross-staff, 1789 = BMR. see L. Dankbaar. Belgian Inventory; Société Belge; Mörzer Bruyns 2.
DANKBAAR, L. Holland, fl.1783-98, MIM NIM Instrument = Schloss near Feidestock; Cross-staves = Haeberlin-Friesen Museum (1783), Heimatmuseum, Bremen-Schönebeck (1790), OMM (1798). see Dankbaar. Fiedestock. Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2.
DANKERTS, JUSTINUS Holland, 1616, NIM Compass Rose, 1616 = Hamburg State Archives. may be related to Justus Danckerts, which see. Amsterdam. Schück 2; RSW.
DANNELLI England, c.1850, PHIM see Vittory and Dannelli. Manchester. RSW.
DANNER, JACOB USA, 1765-1850, MIM probably father of Jacob Sensensy Danner, which see; also clock maker and silversmith. Middletown, Va. Smart 1.
DANNER, JACOB SENSENSY USA, 1807-77, MIM SIM Surveying Compasses = USNM, Winchester-Frederick Historical Society, Va. probably son of Jacob Danner; type invented by S. Kern. Middletown, Va. Smart 1; USNM.
DANTI, EGNATI Italy, 1747, MIM Armillary Sphere, 1747 = VNN. probably a fake. RSW.
DANTI, F. EGNAZIO Italy, 1537-86, MIM Astrolabe, 1568 = GEP; Astrolabes = DRE (ICA-181), NMM (ICA-427), Roussel = OXF (ICA-180); Armillary Sphere and Horary Quadrant = Santa Maria Novella, Florence; Terrestrial Globe = Palazzo Vecchio, Florence. see "F.E.D.P.F." Perugia; Florence (1562); Bologna (1573); Alatri (1583). Bonelli 1, 6 and 7; Gunther 1 and 6; Price 1; ICA 2; Italian Inventory; Michel 1 and 3; Nachet; Morpurgo 1; Globus, June 1963; Settle 1; DSB; A.J. Turner 10; RSW.
DANTI, GIROLAMO Italy, c.1550, MIM brother of Egnazio Danti, helped him with the maps in the Vatican. Perugia. Michel 3.
DANTI, GIULIO Italy, 1500-73, MIM son of Pier Vicenzo Danti and father of Egnazio Danti; goldsmith and architect. Perugia. Michel 3.
DANTI, PIER VINCENZO Italy, fl.1488-1522, MIM Astrolabe = HAK (ICA-171). grandfather of Egnazio Danti; the astrolabe in the Adler planetarium, ADL-DPW51, is a copy of the instrument in HAK. Perugia. Price 1; ICA 2; Gunther 1; Michel 3; ADL; RSW.
DANTIS, EGNAZIO Cube Sundial, 1665 = BAR. fake. Pisa. Catalogo Generale; RSW.
DANTIS, G.B. Italy, MIM Compass with handle = BAR. fake? Pisa. RSW.
DANVER, I.L. USA, MIM SIM Surveying Compass = Winchester-Frederick Historical Society, Va. Middletown, Va. USNM.
DANVERS USA?, 1775, MIM Horary Quadrant, wood, 1775 = PEA. RSW.
DARDENNE France, c.1750, NIM Octant = PMM. Nantes. Daumas 1; MADEX; Paris 1900; RSW.
DARKER, C. England, PHIM Light Defractor = P. and S. 6/18/1894. Lambeth (London). RSW.
DARKER, C. AND F. England, PHIM Kaleidoscope = WHI. Whipple 1.
DARKER, W.H. England, c.1850, Pyrometer = D. Paradise Street, Lambeth (London). Weil 2(23).
DARLET, THOMAS England, 1769, NIM Octant, 1769 = MYS. Price 2.
DARLEY, JOHN USA, 1721, NIM Backstaff, 1721 = Auction, Honfleur 6/17/79 = D.(1983) = D.(1988). M.A.D., Nov. 1983; Rinaldi 22; RSW.
DARLEY, THOMAS 1769, NIM Backstaff, 1769 = P.C. RSW.
DARLING AND SCHWARTZ USA, -1866, MIM made rules; see D. and S. Bangor, Maine. G.L'E. Turner 24.
DARLING, BROWN AND SHARPE USA, MIM made rules, squares, etc. Providence, R.I. USNM.
DARLING, SAMUEL USA, c.1833, MIM rule maker; see Darling, Brown and Sharpe. Portland, Me. Bedini 8.
DARLOT France, c.1865, OIM succeeded Maison Jamin, pre-1865. Paris. USNM.
DASYPODIUS, KONRAD France, 1531-c.1583, MIM Celestial Globe = STR; Wall Sundial = Giebelfeld. made a planetarium and an astronomical clock in 1574; nom de plume of Konrad Hasenfratz. Strasburg. Zinner 1; Boffito; Baillie 1; Globus, Dec. 1956; Dawson 217, (1971); Tooley; DSB.
DATHEE, ALEXANDRE ET JEAN France, fl.1769-72, OIM Alexandre et Jean Dathée. Quai de l'Horloge, Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet.
DAUTHIAU France, fl.1735-67, MIM Astronomical Clock with Armillary Sphere, 1749 = X. designed by Passement. Paris. Baillie 1; Bertele 2.
DAVANS see Dawans. Rooseboom 1.
DAVENPORT, ANTHONY USA, fl.1823-38, MIM NIM SIM Surveying Compass = P.C. T.C. Sign of the Quadrant and Compass, 10 Jones Row, Exchange Street, Portland, Maine. Bowditch; USNM; Wind Rose Vol. 18, No.2, April, 1987; D.J. Warner 7 & 10.
DAVENPORT, J. USA, fl.1856-57, MIM NIM PHIM may be James M. Davenport; may be J. Davenport in S. and J. M. Davenport, which see. Philadelphia, Pa. USNM.
DAVENPORT, JAMES M. USA, fl.1835-37, MIM 144 Race Street, Philadelphia, Pa. Smart 1.
DAVENPORT, QUINCY AND CO. USA, c.1846, were agents for James McCoskrie. 81 John Street, New York, N.Y. USNM.
DAVENPORT, ROBERT England; Scotland, fl.1635-c.1650, MIM Oughtred Double Horizontal Sundial with Circles of Proportion on reverse = Christie 12/12/72 = RSM. apprenticed to Elias Allen of the Grocers' Company on March 25, 1623; free of the Grocers' Company on Nov. 25, 1635; he received permission to settle in Edinburgh in 1647. London (1635); Edinburgh (1647). J. Brown 1; Bryden 15; Wynter and Turner; RSW.
DAVENPORT, S. AND J. see S. and J.M. Davenport.
DAVENPORT, S. AND J.M. USA, fl.1830-38, MIM OIM SIM Plane Table Azimuth Compass, case = P.-B. 9/24/38. shop called "William Davenport, sign of the Quadrant; S. and James M. Davenport; probably sons of William Davenport. Front Street, Philadelphia, Pa. Smart 1; USNM; Brewington 1; RSW.
DAVENPORT, STEPHEN 1 England, fl.1720-37, MIM PHIM made air pumps, barometers, etc.; T.C.; author; may be same man as Stephen Davenport 2. against the Distillery, High Holborn, near Drury Lane; Smarts Building, Cole Yard in High Holborn near Drury Lane; both in London. Dewhirst; Clay and Court; Taylor 2(160); Calvert 2; Daumas 1; Crawforth 1 and 7.
DAVENPORT, STEPHEN 2 England, fl.1725-57, MIM apprenticed to John Hodgkin in the Joiners' Company, Sept. 6, 1715; free in the Company, Sept. 7, 1725; may be same as Stephen Davenport 1. London. Crawforth 7.
DAVENPORT, WILLIAM USA, 1778-1829, MIM NIM SIM Artillery Instrument = D.; Magnetic Compass = Old Gaol Museum, York, Maine; Surveying Compasses = PEA, GUR, Michigan State U. Museum, Lansing, Old Gaol Museum, York, Maine, Mercer Museum, Pa. apprenticed to William Dean; made nautical compasses. 43 South Front Street (1802-03); 45 South Front Street (1805-14); 25 South Front Street (1816-29); all in Philadelphia, Pa. Bedini 1 & 8; Smart 1; USNM; Brewington 1; D.J. Warner 10 and 12; DATM; RSW.
DAVEY England, c.1850, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth. 10/19/87. Lewes. RSW.
DAVID, I. Poland, 1638, MIM Sectors = Museum, Torun (1638), SWE (1640); Protractor = Museum, Torun. Gdansk. Polish Inventory.
DAVID, J. England, MIM see John Davis 3. Windsor. Taylor 2(1823); Daumas 1.
DAVID, JACOB Holland, b.1607 fl.1637, MIM son of Jan David. Leyden. Rooseboom 1; Pipping 1.
DAVID, JAN Holland, fl.1640-50, MIM SIM Astrolabes = Auction, 1799; Circumferentors = SWE (1640), SKO (1640, 1641), P.C., West Friese Museum, Hoorn; Marine Compass = Auction, 1981; Sector = SWE. father of Jacob David; made sectors, including one for Hevelius. Leiden. Rooseboom 1; Mörzer Bruyns 2; Pipping 1; Hollands Glorie; Price 2; Daumas 1; RSW.
DAVID, PATER CAJETANO CAPUC. Austria, 1726-96, MIM Table Sundials, stone = SLM (1735), MUN (1737), ADL-M282 (1742), SLM (1750), DEU, Soth. 12/12/55 (1750), SLM(3), Berchtesgarden, ROU; Astronomical Clock = Schwartzenberg Coll. alias for Sebastian Rutschmann; worked with Joseph Rutschmann. Lembach; Vienna. Zinner 1; Engelmann 1; Michel 3; Britten; Haupolter; ADL; RSW.
DAVIDSON, D. England?, 1781, MIM Polyhedral Sundial, stone, 1781 = EMA. RSW.
DAVIDSON, F., AND CO. England, OIM PHIM Telescope, refracting = FRK-T181; Telescope, sighting = Christie-SK 11/15/79; Barometer, Liègeois = P.C. 29 Great Portland Street, London. Frank; G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
DAVIDSON, GEORGE USA, 1825-1911, NIM Octant = USNM. moved to Washington, D.C. in late 1840's; sextant mentioned in Journal of Franklin Institute, 1866. Philadelphia, Pa; Washington, D.C. USNM.
DAVIDSON, H. USA, c.1864, MIM made rules; "H. Davidson Maker/N.Y." N.Y. DATM.
DAVIDSON, THOMAS Scotland, fl.1836-45, MIM OIM see Thomas Davidson and Co; worked for John Davis 5, 1836-38 and for Robert Bryson 1, c.1838. 12 Royal Exchange (1840-43); 63 Prnces Street (1844); 67 Canongate (1845); all in Edinburgh. Bryden 3; Clarke et al.
DAVIDSON, THOMAS, AND CO. Scotland, fl.1848-53, OIM see Thomas Davidson. 29 Haddington Place (1848-49); 187 High Street (1850-51); 4 Infirmary Street (1852-53); all in Edinburgh. Bryden 3.
DAVIES England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Edward or James Davies? Liverpool. Goodison 1.
DAVIES AND CO. England, MIM Universal Ring Dial, on tripod = Christie 7/28/70. Liverpool. RSW.
DAVIES AND MERRILL see Merrill and Davis. Moskowitz 103.
DAVIES, ALFRED, AND CO. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = VNN. London. RSW.
DAVIES, D. Scotland, fl.1823-32, MIM OIM 110 Nelson Street (1823-25); 98 Trongate (1826-32); both in Edinburgh. Bryden 3.
DAVIES, EDWARD England, c.1835, OIM PHIM optician; barometer maker? 65 Bold Street, Liverpool. Goodison 1.
DAVIES, GABRIEL England, fl. pre-1822-53, OIM PHIM Stick Barometer = X. also made hydrographical instruments. Sadley Street, Durham City; 20 Boar Lane (1822); 34 Boar Lane (1826-53); last two both in Leeds. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1527).
DAVIES, J. England, c.1850, PHIM Stick Barometer = D.(1996). London. ATG 6/22/96.
DAVIES, JAMES 1 England, fl.1787-99, MIM Perpetual Calendar Discs, 1789, 1792-95, 1799 = BM (11); Perpetual Calendar Disc, 1787 = P.C. Birmingham. Price 3; Ward 4; RSW.
DAVIES, JAMES 2 England, c.1835, OIM PHIM optician; barometer maker? 51 Paradise Street, Liverpool. Goodison 1.
DAVIES, JOHN 1 England, c.1773, apprenticed to Tycho Wing in the Grocers' Company on Feb. 4, 1773; may be same as John Davies 2. J. Brown 1.
DAVIES, JOHN 2 England, fl.1818-27, OIM may be same as John Davies 1. 10 High Street, Marylebone, London. Taylor 2(1307); J. Brown 1.
DAVIES, JOHN 3 England, c.1825, PHIM Barometer = Nat'l Museum of Wales. also made long case clocks. St. Harmons, Radnor. Peate.
DAVIES, JOHN 4 Scotland, "optician"; see John Davis 5. Edinburgh. Clarke et al.
DAVIES, M. England, c.1820, OIM 101 High Street, Marylebone, London. Taylor 2(1307).
DAVIES, OWEN England, c.1835, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Long Bridge?, Llanidloes. Goodison 1.
DAVIES, WILLIAM England, 1670, MIM Sundial, 1670 = X. see Davys. Clerkenwell, London. Taylor 1(392).
DAVIES, WILLIAM C. misreading for William C. Davis. RSW.
DAVIS 1 England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. H. Davis? David Davis? London. Goodison 1.
DAVIS 2 England, OIM Telescopes, refracting = FRK-T169,T170. probably John Davis 2. Derby. Frank.
DAVIS 3 England, c.1830, OIM PHIM Telescope = Cheltenham Museum; Telescope, miniature = DeLuca 8/1/87; Cary-type Microscope = Wellcome Institute; Wheel Barometer = X; Microscope, Carpenter-type = D.(1987). optician; T.C.; may be Edward Davis; see Messrs. Davis. Cheltenham; 6 Bold Street, Liverpool. Goodison 1; Bryden 9; Coffeen 15; RSW.
DAVIS 4 USA, c.1836, see Merrill and Davis. New York, N.Y. RSW.
DAVIS 5 see Syeds and Davis.
DAVIS AND SON England, fl.1840-1850+, MIM PHIM SIM Protractors, full = D.(1975), Christie-SK 6/2/83; Hedley Mining Compass = D.(1983); Surveying Instrument = Soth.? 12/8/69; Mining Anemometer = Phillips 2/2/84. see John Davis 2. London and Derby. Coffeen D; Moskowitz; G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
DAVIS AND SONS England, PHIM Barometer = Christie-SK 12/1/83. see John Davis 2. Derby. RSW.
DAVIS BROS. England, fl.1820-60, MIM OIM Walking Stick Telescope = Soth. 7/22/68. T.C.; John 4 and ? Davis; sometimes written Davis' Brothers. 33 New Bond Street (1820); manufactory, 209 High Holborn (1820); both in London; 1 Lower Terrace, Islington (1838). Taylor 2(2113); Calvert 2; Crawforth 1.
DAVIS, A. England, OIM T.C.; spectacle maker. 29 Warner Street, Portland Place, New Kent Road, London. Calvert 2; Crawforth 1.
DAVIS, ALBERT England, Clepsydra, 1671 = P.C. modern work? Norwich. RSW.
DAVIS, ARI USA, 1811-85, MIM NIM PHIM SIM also a watchmaker and inventor; took Elias Howe as an apprentice from 1837-44 in Boston. Princeton, Mass.; 87 Washington (1834); 11 Cornhill; 19 Court Square 75 Court (1839-45); all in Boston, Mass.; Lowell, Mass., (1845-85). Smart 1; USNM.
DAVIS, CLARA England, c.1830, MIM OIM PHIM 12 South Finsbury, London.. Taylor 2(1824).
DAVIS, D. 1 England, c.1765, OIM Cuff-type Microscope = FRK-M42. London. Frank.
DAVIS, D. 2 Scotland, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Glasgow. Goodison 1.
DAVIS, DANIEL, JR. USA, 1813-87 fl.1834-49, MIM NIM PHIM brother of Ari Davis; worked with him from 1834-49; succeeded by Palmer and Thomas Hall, 1849; made electrical apparatus. Princeton, Mass. (1813); 11 Cornhill, Boston, Mass. (1834-52). USNM; Romaine; D.J. Warner 6.
DAVIS, DAVID England, fl.1822-28, OIM Microscope = Melun 4/24/83. successor to H. Davis; signed "D. Davis"; see D. Davis 1. 9 Macclesfield, Soho (1822-23); 28 Bury Street, St. Mary Axe (1828); both in London. O'Mara; Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1529); RSW.
DAVIS, E. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. optician. Shrewsbury. Goodison 1.
DAVIS, EDWARD England, fl.1833-42, MIM OIM PHIM optician; see Davis 4; see Messrs. Davis. 171 High Street (1833); 101 High Street (1842); both in Cheltenham; 65 Bold Street, Liverpool (1842). Bryden 9.
DAVIS, ELIZABETH England, c.1830, MIM perhaps widow of David Davis, which see. 9 Macclesfield Street, London. Taylor 2(1529).
DAVIS, G. 1 England, c.1790, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Telescopic Level = Phillips 2/2/84; Hadley Quadrant = NMM; Pantograph = American Art Galleries 3/18/75; Wheel Barometers = Bolling Hall, Bradford, Soth. 1/10/90; Etui of Drawing Instruments = Christie-SK 2/9/84; Garden Sundial = NYM; Drafting Instrument = Burndy Library; Surveying Instrument = Soth. 10/27/69; Stick Barometer = Phillips-Leeds 6/24/87. some sources thought he might be Gabriel Davies but this is improbable. Leeds. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1527); USNM; RSW.
DAVIS, G. 2 England, c.1800, MIM London. Evans 1.
DAVIS, G. AND E. England, 19th Century, MIM SIM Drawing Instrument Set, case = Soth.-B 9/15/76; Protractor, full, geared = Christie 4/3/85; Protractor, full = P.C.; Surveying Cross = Phillips 2/2/84. see G. Davis 1. Leeds. RSW.
DAVIS, G.D. England, 19th Century, MIM Protractor with pivoted arm = Christie-SK 4/17/86. Leeds. RSW.
DAVIS, GABRIEL see Gabriel Davies. Goodison 1.
DAVIS, H. England, fl.1799-1822, OIM succeeded by David Davis. 8 Macclesfield Street, Soho, London (1799-1817). Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1309).
DAVIS, I. 1 England, PHIM Barometer = Soth. 7/15/66. optician. Leeds. RSW.
DAVIS, I. 2 see John Davis 3. Chaldecott 1; KEN.
DAVIS, J. 1 England, MIM SIM Theodolites = Soth. 7/7/78 and 6/23/87; Prismatic Compasses = Soth. 4/22/65, Exhibition-Maps; 3-draw telescope=PC. Cheltenham. RSW; WEBDB.
DAVIS, J. 2 see John Davis 3. Taylor 2(1823); Chaldecott 1; RSW; Daumas 1.
DAVIS, J. 3 England, c.1830, MIM Microscope = Soth. 3/10/87. "Improved Compound Microscope"; see Davis 4, Messrs. Davis and Edward Davis. 65 Bold Street, Liverpool. RSW.
DAVIS, J., AND SONS England, c.1850, MIM NIM Marking Protractor = D.(1991). probably John Davis 2. Derby. Gemmary III.
DAVIS, JAMES England, 1783, MIM Perpetual Calendar, 1783 = RSM. Birmingham. RSW.
DAVIS, JOHN 1 England, 1552-1605, invented the Davis quadrant, or backstaff, in 1590; arctic explorer. Sandridge, Devon. Taylor 1(46); USNM; Daumas 1; Evans 1; Michel 3; King; G.L'E. Turner 24.
DAVIS, JOHN 2 England, fl.1830-51, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Theodolite = Soth. 7/12/71; Anemometer = WHI; Microscope = Soth. 3/13/67; Telescopic Levels = D.(1969), Versailles 11/20/83; Miner's Surveying Compass = Phillips-Leeds 12/16/87. optician; in 1851 Exhibition; signed "Davis, Derby" or "J. Davis, Derby." 14 Iron Gate, Derby. Bryden 9; Price 12; Taylor 2(1825); RSW.
DAVIS, JOHN 3 England, c.1690, MIM Odometer = Guildhall Exhibition, Windsor; Plummet Inclinometer = KEN; Horizontal Sundial = Soth. 12/8/69. see I. Davis 2 and J. Davis 3; inclinometer is from George III Collection. Windsor. Chaldecott 1; Taylor 2(1823); Daumas 1; RSW.
DAVIS, JOHN 4 England, fl.1820-42, MIM OIM 33 New Bond Street, London. O'Mara.
DAVIS, JOHN 5 Scotland, fl. 1836-42, MIM OIM PHIM Inclinable Sundials = FRK = RSM, Ships of the Sea Museum, Savannah, Ga.; Telescope = EGE; Stick Barometer = Phillips-E 7/25/86; Sympiesometer = X; Thermometer = Phillips-E 2/24/89. usually signed "J. Davis Edinburgh"; barometer signed "J. Davis, Optician Edinburgh"; was he only a dealer? 64 Princes Street (1836-40); 78 Princes Street (1841-42); both in Edinburgh. Goodison 1; Egestorff; Bryden 3; Clarke et al; RSW.
DAVIS, JOHN 6 England, c.1752, OIM apprenticed to Edward Scarlett 2 in the Spectaclemakers' Company; admitted as a brother to the Company, 1752. at Mr Scarlett's, the Archimedes and Globe, near Soho Square, London. Robischon.
DAVIS, JOHN 7 England, 1685, apprenticed to Daniel Quare 1 in the Clockmakers' Company, 1685; is he the same as John Davis 3. J. Brown 3.
DAVIS, JOHN, AND SON England, c.1850+, MIM PHIM SIM Barometer = D.(1972); Stick Barometer = Soth.-S 1/27/88; Psychrometer = USNM; Compass = Phillips 4/20/83; Theodolite = Phillips 4/20/83. T.C.; see John Davis 2. London and Derby. Middleton 4; RSW; USNM; G.L'E. Turner 24.
DAVIS, MESSRS. England, c.1842, MIM OIM PHIM Telescope, six-draw = KEN. T.C.; see J. Davis 2, Davis 4 and Edward Davis. 65 Bold Street, Liverpool and 101 High Street, Cheltenham. Calvert 2; KEN.
DAVIS, SAMUEL England, c.1770, MIM rule maker. Burry Street, Wolverhampton. Bryden 9.
DAVIS, WILLIAM 1 Ireland, c.1790, MIM SIM Circumferentor = Soth. 3/10/87. No. 7, Portland Row, Dublin. RSW.
DAVIS, WILLIAM 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Shiffnall. Goodison 1.
DAVIS, WILLIAM C. USA, 1813-79 fl.1835-79, MIM NIM PHIM SIM Surveying Compasses = GUR, P.C., New York State Museum, Historical Society of Plainfield, N.J., D.(1972), D.(1994). all instruments signed "W.C. Davis"; partner of Merrill; see Merrill and Davis. 36 Oak Street (1835-36); 157 South Street (1836-37); 255 Front Street (1837-38); 196 Water Street (1841-42); 302 Pearl Street (1878-79); all in New York, N.Y. Smart 1; USNM; Brewington 1; Moskowitz 104; Garcelon 33; RSW.
DAVISON, THOMAS England, c.1832, OIM made a new form of reflecting telescope. Taylor 2(1826).
DAVY, MICHAEL England, c.1674, MIM made gauges. Evans 1.
DAVYS England, fl.1676-77, MIM OIM made instruments for Robert Hooke including a pole-telescope (partly made by Christopher Cock), a compass, rulers and telescope tubes; he may be same as William Davies, which see. London. Taylor 1(392).
DAWANS, HENRIJ Holland, fl.1758-69, MIM The Hague. Rooseboom 1.
DAWES England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
DAWKINS, HENRY USA, c.1740, worked for Anthony Lamb as an engraver. New York, N.Y. Bedini 8.
DAWSON 1 Scotland, c.1790, PHIM Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 10/20/89. Perth. RSW.
DAWSON 2 see Bywater, Dawson and Co.; see Dawson and Melling. RSW.
DAWSON AND CO. see Bywater, Dawson and Co. Taylor 2(1288).
DAWSON AND MELLING England, fl.1837, MIM OIM agents for R.B. Bate. 20 South Castle Street, Liverpool. Taylor 2(2114); Crawforth 1.
DAWSON, ALEXE Ireland, OIM in telescope case; owner? Dublin. NMM 2.
DAWSON, GEORGE England, c.1722, apprenticed to Mark Rogers in the Joiners' Company on June 19, 1722. Crawforth 7.
DAWSON, M. England, post-1780, MIM Quadrant = KEN. invented by G. Beck, patented in 1780. KEN.
DAWSON, NATHAN England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
DAWSON, THOMAS England, c.1650, NIM turned over his apprentice, Ralph Greatorex, to Elias Allen. J. Brown 1.
DAWSON, WILLIAM England, c.1818, MIM rule and bed screw maker. Hill Street, Birmingham. Bryden 9.
DAY England, c.1840, PHIM Thermometer = PEA. Brewington 1.
DAY, FRANCIS England, c.1810, MIM OIM Terrestrial Globe, miniature, case = Soth. 7/31/67-2; Microscopes = FRK (2), Soth. 10/27/69, 3/23/70 and 10/28/86; Parallel Rule = D.(1970). also signed as "F. Day." 37 Poultry, London. Frank; Moskowitz 101; USNM; RSW.
DAY, I. England, OIM Telescope, 4-draw = FRK-T156. Frank.
DAY, ISAAC England, c.1690, MIM NMM 1.
DAY, JACOB England, c.1694, MIM son of Isaac Day. NMM 1.
DAY, JOHN England, c.1783, apprenticed to John Blake in the Joiners' Company on May 20, 1783. Crawforth 7.
DAY, W. USA, 1850, OIM patented a submarine telescope, 1850. Brooklyn, N.Y. USNM.
DAY, WILLIAM England, see A. Martinelli and William Day and Co. RSW.
DAYE England?, 1678, MIM Sector, boxwood, 1679 = HAR. name is stamped; there is a perpetual calendar; might be owner. Giordano X.
DCC DVVV DIXVV 1736, Chalice Sundial, glass, 1736 = SLM. chronogram. RSW.
DE BIE, C. see Bie, C. de.
DE DIN, PHILIS France, 1595, MIM Astrolabe, 1595 = P. and S. 6/18/1894 = OXF. ICA 211; "Ich Toebehorre Philis de Din." Lille. Price 1; ICA 2; Gunther 1, 2 and 6; Evans 4.
DE GRAGE AND CO. misreading for De Grave and Co. Christie-SK 10/6/83.
DE GRAVE England, PHIM Balances = K. and C. 10/8/75, Versailles 11/20/83. could be either Charles De Grave 1 or 2. London. RSW.
DE GRAVE AND CO. England, c.1850, PHIM Coin Balance, Avery-type = Soth. 6/23/87; Set of Balances, case = Phillips 2/14/79. London. RSW.
DE GRAVE AND SAWGOOD England, post-1821, PHIM balance makers. London. Taylor 2(841).
DE GRAVE AND SON England, c.1799, PHIM Diamond Balance = D.(1985). probably Mary De Grave and her stepson, Charles De Grave 2; "Scale Makers." corner of St. Ann's Lane, Aldersgate, London. G.L'E. Turner 24; Coffeen 9.
DE GRAVE, CHARLES 1 England, fl.1767-99, PHIM Balances = D.(1981); Diamond Balance = Pym Sale. partner with and successor to Samuel Read in 1780; T.C. "Scale maker to His Majesty"; "20 August 1789"; see De Grave; succeeded by his wife, Mary. 59 (later 16) St Martin-Le-Grand, the corner of St Ann's Lane, Aldersgate, London. G.L'E. Turner 24; Taylor 2(841); Moskowitz 126; RSW.
DE GRAVE, CHARLES 2 England, c.1844, PHIM maker of weights and balances; son of Mary and Charles De Grave 1; succeeded his mother in 1844; firm finally became De Grave, Short and Fanner; in 1920 the firm was taken over by W. and T. Avery. London. G.L'E. Turner 24.
DE GRAVE, CHARLES, AND SON England, fl.1793-1821, PHIM Diamond Balance = D.(1985); Balances = OXF, KEN, WHI, etc. one of the balances is dated 1821. 59 (later 16) St Martin le Grand, corner of St. Ann's Lane, Aldersgate, London. Coffeen 9; Taylor 2(841); Crawforth 6.
DE GRAVE, MARY England, fl.1800-16, PHIM Balance = X; Gold Balance = HAK. succeeded her husband, Charles De Grave 1 in 1799; signed her balances "Widow of Charles De Grave"; see De Grave and Son. No. 59 St. Martin Le Grand, corner of St. Anns Lane, Aldersgate, London. Taylor 2(841); G.L'E. Turner 24; Crawforth 6; RSW.
DE GRAVE, SHORT AND CO. England, c.1900, PHIM Apothecary's Balance = Soth. 6/23/87. continuation of the De Grave family business into the twentieth century. RSW.
DE GRAVE, SHORT AND FANNER England, pre-1859-1962, MIM PHIM Standard Yard = Christie 2/13/68. Charles De Grave 2; firm taken over in 1920 by W. and T. Avery though old name lasted until 1962; made beam balances. London. G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
DE JONG EN BRUYN Holland, c.1850, NIM Azimuth Compass = AMST. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 1.
DE L'ISLE, GUILLAUME France, see "Isle, Guillaume de l'." RSW.
DE LA COUR England, c.1850, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth. 2/19/87. 327 and 59 High Street, Chatham. RSW.
DE LUC, JEAN ANDRE Switzerland; England, 1727-1817, Jean André De Luc; invented the first portable barometer, c.1750, and a type of hygrometer; author. Geneva; Windsor. Middleton 1 & 4; G.L'E. Turner 24; A.J. Turner 10.
DE MORY, D. USA, NIM Octant = VNN. 62 South Street, New York, N.Y. RSW.
DE MORY, GRAY AND W.D. ALDER USA, NIM Sextant = D.(1981). T.C.; successors to George C. Baker; also made chronometers. No. 62 South Street, near Wall, New York, N.Y. RSW.
DE NEGANI origin of Denegan, Donegan? Bedini 1.
DE PALMA, FILIPPO Italy; France; Austria1813-73, MIM PHIM made a dividing engine and electrical apparatus. Naples (1813); Florence (1861); Paris (1867); Vienna (1873). Brenni 1.
DE SAUSSURE, HORACE BENEDICK Switzerland, 1740-99, Horace Bénédick De Saussure; invented a type of hygrometer; suggested many improvements for meteorilogical instruments; professor of philosophy at Geneva; author; his collection of instruments is in the Museum of the History of Science, Geneva. Geneva. G.L'E. Turner 24; A.J. Turner 10; USNM.
DE STEUR, JACOBUS Holland, c.1675, MIM NIM SIM Holland Circle = X; Circumferentor = D.(1960). Leiden. Bryden 9; Price 2.
DE. D.S. ERG. C.H. 1571, MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory, 1571 = VIE-AR2655. Zinner 4.
DEACON 1 England, c.1834-35, MIM made model of part of Babbage's computing machine. Beaufort House, Strand, London. Taylor 2(1828).
DEACON 2 England, PHIM Stick Barometers = Leicester Museum, X; Wheel Barometer = SPI-Anderson 3/25/27. could be Frederick or J. Deacon. Leicester. Goodison 1; RSW.
DEACON, FREDERICK England, c.1822, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. barometer signed "F. Deacon, Leicester"; watch and clockmaker. Market Place, Leicester. Goodison 1.
DEACON, J. England, fl.1795-1835, MIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = Leicester Museum; Sundial = Phillips 7/17/85. see Deacon 2. Leicester. Goodison 1; RSW.
DEACON, SAMUEL England, 1746-1816, PHIM Stick Barometer = Heathcote Ball and Co. 2/13/97. brass plate to print barometer paper plates signed "S. Deacon Barton" in Leicester Museum; made barometers, clocks and watches. Barton-in-the-Beans (1771+). Goodison 1; Daniell; ATG 2/6/97.
DEAMER, JAMES USA, fl.1823-28, MIM OIM PHIM made, sold and repaired cases of mathematical instruments, barometers, thermometers, telescopes, microscopes, etc.; successor to J. Anderson, whipmaker. 38 Maiden Lane, New York, N.Y. USNM.
DEAN, JAMES USA, c.1830, professor at the University of Vermont; invented a cometarium which was made by Aaron Willard, Jr. D.J. Warner 6.
DEAN, JOHN England, c.1828, MIM 6 Fieldgate Street, Whitechapel, London. O'Mara.
DEAN, PETER England, c.1830, MIM OIM PHIM Bear Yard, Lincoln's Inn, London. Taylor 2(1531).
DEAN, WILLIAM USA, fl.1778-97, MIM NIM OIM SIM Surveying Compass = Clark County Historical Society, Ohio. succeeded in business by William Davenport. 43 South Front Street, Philadelphia, Pa. Bedini 1; Smart 1; D.J. Warner 10.
DEANE England, c.1730, NIM Compass Rose = Soth. 6/1/88. "Deane fecit"; possibly Ino. Deane. RSW.
DEANE, DAVID England, fl.1735-77, OIM apprenticed or turned over to Matthew Loft in the Spectaclemakers' Company, 1728; free of the Company in 1735; Master of the Company, 1760-61; signed the petition against Peter Dollond. Smithfields, London (1764). Taylor 2(161); Court and von Rohr 3(113); Robischon.
DEANE, INO. England, 1742, NIM Backstaff, 1742 = D.(1974). "Ino. Deane May 20 1742 IP." Wynter 1.
DEANE, WILLIAM England, fl.1718-48, MIM SIM Hodometer = WHI; Horizontal Sundials = KEN (1718),(stone), OXF, NMM, P.C., WHI; Universal Ring Sundials = VCW, NUR, KENNEY-140, BM, DEU, ROU-73; Sectors = ADL-M90, OXF; Gunners' Calipers = P.C. (1982), EGE, Christie-SK 4/17/86; Gunner's Scale = NMM; Gunter Quadrant with Sundial = WHI; etc. apprenticed to John Rowley of the Broderers' Company, July 28, 1710; free in the Company Feb. 4, 1718; Master of the Company, 1747; took an apprentice; MIM to the Office of Ordnance. Garden House, Crane Court, Fleet Street (1712); Golden Sphere in three Crane Court, Fleet Street; both in London. Taylor 1(464) and 2(34); Bryden 16; Price 3 and 12; Ward 3 and 4; Michel 3; Dewhirst; Engelmann 1; Gunther 2 and 6; Nachet; Egestorff; KEN; Crawforth 6 & 7; ADL; RSW.
DEANS, JOHN England, PHIM Thermometer = Christie-SK 11/27/86. on barometer by Lennie. RSW.
DEARBORN, WARREN USA, 1802-63, MIM made rulers, etc.; Dearborn and Skinner, cabinetmakers and planemakers. Sandwich, N.H. DATM.
DEBOMBOURG, I. France, c.1725, MIM Protractor = D.(1993). see Pierre Debombourg. Lyon. Coffeen 43.
DEBOMBOURG, PIERRE France, 18th Century, MIM Augsburg-type Sundial = LOU; Butterfield-type Sundial = LOU; Compass Sundial, square = Ernst Coll.(HAR); Horizontal Sundial = P.C. see I. Debombourg. Lyon. Wheatland 2; Coffeen 43; RSW.
DEBONNAIRE, MR. 1647, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1647 = ADL-M271. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
DECHALES, CLAUDE FRANCOIS MILLIET France; Italy, 1621-78, MIM Claude François Milliet Dechales; compass maker; author. Paris; Turin. Schück; DSB.
DECK England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. see I. Deck. Leamington. Goodison 1; RSW.
DECK, I. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie-SK 11/27/86. may be same as Deck of Leamington. Cambridge. RSW.
DECOOL, J.F. Belgium, c.1805, MIM Astronomical Clock = P.C. = BMR. Namur. Société Belge; ART.
DEE, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Skipton. Goodison 1.
DEEMS misreading for Deens. Daumas 1.
DEENS, INDOCUS misreading for Jodocus Deens. P. and S. 4/3/1894.
DEENS, JODOCUS Belgium; Austria, c.1682, MIM SIM Graphometers = KEN (1682), VIT; Universal Ring Dials = VIU, P. and S. 4/3/1894, Soth. 10/17/60. graphometers made in Vienna; Daumas thought it was "Deems". Louvain; Vienna. Daumas 1; Evans 1; Michel 3; Gunther 2; Kirnbauer 2.
DEFORGES L'AINE France, 1744, MIM Polyhedral Sundial, marble, 1744 = ADL-M328. "Deforges l'aîné fecit." tools, stars, comet, etc, carved in relief and colored, on the sides; owned by Heilbronner. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
DEGENAUR, PIETER DIRCKZ Germany?, NIM Compass Rose, paper = GMM. RSW.
DEGERMAN, O.N. Holland, 1756, OIM Solar Microscope, 1756 = CRI-345 = KEN. Rooseboom 1; Nachet; KEN.
DEGREZ Sundial = Drouot 11/14/68. probably misreading for "degrees." RSW.
DEICHMANN, L. Germany, MIM Diptych Sundial, wood = Geographische Institut, Hamburg; Tellurian = DEU. sundial is for 51°19'. Kassel. RSW.
DEIJL, HARMANUS VAN 1 Holland, 1705, OIM Telescope, 1705 = LEY. son of Jan van Deijl 1 and father of Jan van Diejl 2; Mörzer Bruyns thought he lived c.1775. Leiden. Rooseboom 1; Mörzer Bruyns 2.
DEIJL, HARMANUS VAN 2 Holland, 1738-1809, OIM Achromatic Microscopes = LEY, UTP, UTR, BIL, TEY. son of Jan van Deijl 2. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1 and 2; van Cittert 3; Daumas 1; Purtle; G.L'E. Turner 24; Evans 1.
DEIJL, JAN VAN (2), EN ZOON Holland, fl.1769-75, OIM Telescopes = STROZZI, KEN, AMST (1769 and 1775), DEU, PMM, Auctions, 1906 (1769) and 1910 (1769). son was Harmanus van Deijl 2; see Jan Bunders and Jan van Deijl Bunders. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1; Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2; Hamilton 2; KEN; Price 2; RSW.
DEIJL, JAN VAN 1 Holland, 1704, OIM Telescope, 1704 = UTP. Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1.
DEIJL, JAN VAN 2 Holland, 1715-1801, OIM Telescopes and Microscopes = TEY, LEY, Museum of Education, The Hague; Achromatic Telescope, pasteboard = DEU. father of Harmanus van Deijl 2; DEU telescope signed "Jan van Deylen Zoon" (c. 1765). Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1; Daumas 1; Council of Europe 1; Wheatland 2; Price 2.
DEIMAN PHIM made potentiometers. McConnell (1984).
DEINERT, PAULUS see Deivert; see P.D.
DEIPHOLTH, JOHANN Germany; Holland, c.1750, MIM Table Sundial = MADEX-107; Crescent Sundial = Bernal Coll. = BM. Baillie thought him 17th century; Price thought him `Beipolth'; table sundial is signed "Augsburg", the other "Haag." Augsburg; The Hague. Whipple 1; Price 3; Ward 4; Baillie 1.
DEIVERT, PAULUS Germany, 1758, PHIM Money Balance, 1758 = DRE. Nürnberg. RSW.
DEKANG, JANA Poland, 1643, MIM Artillery Instrument, 1643 = Military Museum, Warsaw. Lesznic. RSW.
DEKKER, R. Holland, c.1791, MIM NIM Nautical Rule = RIJ; Azimuth Compass = RIJ; Log = RIJ. requested a patent in 1791. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
DEL VECCHIO, J. see Vecchio, J. del Morrison-Low and Burnett.
DEL VECCHIO, JAMES Ireland, fl.1833-38, looking-glass and frame maker. 15 Lower Abbey Street (1833-35); 68 Dame Street (1836-38); both in Dublin. Morrison-Low and Burnett.
DELACOUR, L. France, c.1730, MIM SIM Cicumferentor = SPI-2763 = AND-SPI-30. Dunkerque. Daumas 1; Michel 3; RSW.
DELAGRAVE France, 19th Century, MIM Magnetic Compass = Versailles 4/17/83. RSW.
DELAGRAVE, CH. France, MIM Terrestrial Globe = CNAM-12852. CNAM 1; Destombes 4.
DELAHAYE France, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth. 5/18/89. Paris. RSW.
DELALANDE France, fl.1775-79, MIM Celestial Globes = Roussel (1779), Auction, Paris 6/15/79 (1779), GEL (1775), BMR (1777), Palermo Observatory. Paris. Serrio (1983); Chenekal 3; Belgian Inv.; RSW.
DELAMAIN, RICHARD England, fl.1610-45, MIM designed and made instruments for Charles I; author; designed a circular slide rule in 1632-33. Drury Lane, upper part of Chancery Lane, London. Bryden 15; Taylor 1(122); Gunther 2; G.L'E. Turner 24; A.J. Turner 10.
DELAMARCHE 1 see Charles François Delamarche.
DELAMARCHE 2 France, fl.1821-57, MIM Terrestrial Globes = A-P 3/15/76 (2), FLO (1821); Planetarium, mechanical, 1839 = Soth. 12/15/78. son of Charles François Delamarche. 12, rue du Jardinet; rue du Battoir (1839-57); both in Paris. Moskowitz 122; RSW.
DELAMARCHE, C.F., ET MESSIER, C. France, c.1780, MIM Terrestrial and Celestial Globes = NMM-Caird. Paris. NMM 2; RSW.
DELAMARCHE, CHARLES FRANCOIS France, 1740-1809, MIM made many terrestrial and celestial globes, planetariums and armillary spheres (wood and paper); dated ones range from 1780-1808. Charles François Delamarche; "Geographer"; successor to Sanson and Robert de Vaugondy. chez Delamarche, 12 rue du Jardinet (1780); Géog., Rue de Foin St. Jacques au Collège de Mtre. Gervais (1783-91); both in Paris. Moskowitz 122; Nachet; Price 2; USNM; Brewington 1; Bonelli 1; Brieux 2; Syndram; Yonge; RSW.
DELAMARCHE, FX. France, 1831, MIM Terrestrial Globe, wood and paper, 1831 = Drouot Richelieu 4/28/88. "Succ. de Robert de Vaugondy, 1831"; "Ingen-Mécan. pour les globes et sphères." Paris. RSW.
DELAMARCHE, FX., ET CHLES. DIEN France, 1816, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1816 = Melun 4/24/83. "dressée ordre du Roi par le S. Robert de Vaugondy"; surely a misreading of the date. rue du Jardinet N°13, Paris. RSW.
DELAMARCHE, MAISON France, c.1860, MIM Terrestrial Globe = Peron et Corsy, Melun 6/10/79. the house of Delamarche. Paris. RSW.
DELAMARRE, CHOLLET France, NIM Repeating Circle = USNM. Rue de Fourcy St. Antoine 6, Paris. USNM.
DELANDER, DANIEL England, 1674-1733, PHIM Barometer = D.(1962); Stick Barometer = Clumber Park = P.C. apprenticed to Charles Halsted of the Clockmakers' Company in 1692; free of the Company, 1699; journeyman assistant to Tompion; also made clocks; bill for another barometer is known. Devereux Court; Temple, Fleet Street, London (1712 on). Goodison 1; RSW.
DELANDER, R. England, c.1620, MIM Sundial inside back cover of watch = Soth. 12/1/78. RSW.
DELCANO, JUAN SEBASTIAN Spain, fl.1520-26, MIM Delcaño; globe maker. Globus, Dec. 1956.
DELCOMINETE France, 18th Century, MIM Mechanical Equatorial Sundial = Auction Sale, Paris 11/24/79. Moreau; RSW.
DELEUIL, JEAN-ADRIEN France, 1820-94, MIM OIM PHIM Cannon Sundial = CNAM; Meter Rod = FLM; Barometer = FLO-1144; Wind Instrument = PMM; Electrical Apparatus = D.; Photographic Barograph = USNM; Meridian Instrument = D.; Microscope = D.(1976). Rue des Fourneaux 42, Paris. CNAM 2; USNM; Paris 1900; Belgian Inv.; Brieux 1; Middleton 4; G.L'E. Turner 24.
DELEUIL, L.J. France; England, c.1850, PHIM made air pumps, etc.; son of Jean Adrien Deleuil. 8 rue du Pont-le-Lodi, Paris and 7 Althorpe Street, Grey's Inn Lane, London. G.L'E. Turner 24.
DELHEUX, JEAN Belgium?, 1814, MIM Vertical Sundial, pewter, 1814 = LIE. RSW.
DELL'ACQUA, CARLO Italy, 1806-75, PHIM Barlow's Globe = Pavia University; Magnetic Sparkler = Pavia University. Milan. G.L'E. Turner 24; Brenni 1.
DELLA TORRE, J. Scotland, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometers = Carter's Grove, Va., Soth. 2/4/77, Christie-SK 1/22/87. Perth. RSW.
DELLA TORRE, T. Scotland, PHIM Barometer = Henry Ford Museum, Dearborn, Mich. may be J. Della Torre. Perth. RSW.
DELLEBARRE Holland, OIM microscope maker; may be A. or Louis François Dellebarre. Nachet.
DELLEBARRE EN BAYENS GEBROEDERS Holland, c.1800, OIM Microscope = LEY. Delft. Daumas 1.
DELLEBARRE EN CANZIUS Holland, fl.1798-1806, OIM Microscopes = LEY(1798), CRI(1806), UTP, LEY, DEU. Delft. Rooseboom 1; Daumas 1; Gunther 2.
DELLEBARRE, A. Holland, c.1797, OIM Microscope = BIL; Dellebarre-type Microscope, 1788 = Soth. 4/18/88 = Soth. 10/3/88. Soth. signed on microscope tube; marked on microscope at KEN, made by Onderdewijnwgaart. Leiden. Purtle; RSW.
DELLEBARRE, LOUIS FRANCOIS Holland; France, 1726-1805, OIM Microscopes = CNAM(1771), WHI(1785), NAC(1789, 1793), KEN(1793), DEU, OXF, UTR, BIL, LEY, UTP; Compound Microscopes = X, GEM (1788). Louis François Dellebarre; see Dellebarre and Canzius, Dellebarre and Bayens. Leyden (pre-1776); rue Saint-Jacques (after 1776); rue Saint-Germain-l'Auxerrois (1793); both in Paris. Rooseboom 1; Daumas 1; Nachet; Whipple 1; Purtle; KEN; Bryden 9; A.J. Turner 10.
DELLEMONT France, pre-1840, see Guillemin and Dellemont. RSW.
DELLER, COMP. P. AEMILIANUS Germany, 1786, MIM Quadrant, 1786 = DEU. also marked "Ben. Prist." RSW.
DELLING, P. AEMILIANUS Austria, 1699-1746, MIM may be "P.AE.D.P.K." signed on horizontal sundial at KRM. Rabenalt.
DELMOTTE, J. Belgium, c.1800, PHIM Money Balance = Koller 11/17/75. Brussels. RSW.
DELURE, CLAUDE France, c.1723, MIM son (?) of Jean-Baptiste-Nicolas Delure; apprenticed to him in 1723 in the "Corporation des fondeurs." Paris. Augarde.
DELURE, JEAN-BAPTISTE-NICOLAS France, fl. 1695-1736, MIM SIM Butterfield-type Sundials = ADL-DPW3, USNM, P.C., MAD, MAN, ANM, MERC, OPM, LIE, WHI (silver) (2), WRAY, etc.; Universal Ring Dials = MADEX, PEA, NMM, WRAY, MERC; Sectors = VEN, NAC; Graphometers = USNM, D.; Artillery Level = ROU; Analematic Sundial = ADL-DPW3; Drawing Instrument = WHI; Rapporteur = Drouot 11/14/68; Compass = NMM; Sundial = ADL-L3; etc. father-in-law of Jean-Baptiste-Nicolas Bion; master and juror in the "Corporation des fondeurs"; "Ingénieur du Roi";took apprentices; worked for Abbé Nollet. à l'Image Nostre-Dame, Place de Marché Neuf (1700); Quaide l'Horloge (1707); both on Il de la Cité, Paris. Daumas 1; Bryden 16; Michel 1, 3, and 9; Hamilton 2; Nachet; Brieux 1; USNM; Price 12; Chenekal 1; MADEX; Augarde; ADL; RSW.
DELUREX France, misreading for Delure. Gilbert 8/27/76.
DELVEDEZ France, c.1800, OIM Full Circle with Telescope = D. Clermont. Brieux files.
DELVEDEZ AINE France, c.1810, NIM Holland Circle = P.C. Delvedez Aîné. Clermont. Brieux 1; Wheatland 3.
DEMAINBRAY, STEPHEN CHARLES TRIBOUDET England; Scotland, 1710-82, designed a microscope; collected instruments for George III. Westminster, London; Edinburgh; Kew, London. Chaldecott 1; Taylor 2(248); Gunther 6; G.L'E. Turner 24.
DEMEURIE France, c.1820, NIM Mariner's Compass = D. Brest. Brieux 1.
DEMONGENET, FRANCISCUS France; Italyfl.1552-1590, MIM Pairs of Globes, 1552 = Drecker, ROM; Terrestrial Globe with Sundial and watch inside, 1552 = UTC; Gores for both a Celestial and Terrestrial Globe = ADL-A. Vesow; Venice. Stevenson; FOX; Yonge; Karrow 1; ADL; RSW.
DENCH, THOMAS England, c.1795, MIM apprenticed to Joseph Rust 2 of the Grocers' Company on March 6, 1788; turned over to Thomas Lorkin, member of the Wheelwrights' Company, on March 16, 1789; free of the Grocers' Company, Oct. 1, 1795. J. Brown 1.
DENEGAN, JOHN Italy; USA, c.1785, PHIM made barometers and thermometers; succeeded by Alloysius Ketterer. Race and Fourth Streets, Philadelphia, Pa. Bedini 1 & 8; USNM; Middleton 1.
DENEGAN, JOSEPH Italy; USA, c.1785, PHIM made barometers and thermometers; may be same as John Denegan, which see. Philadelphia, Pa. (1785). D.J. Warner 5.
DENGG, P. JOSEPHUS Germany, 1752, MIM Analemmatic Sundial, 1752 = NUR-WI 1228. Mondsee. Zinner 1; Evans 1.
DENISOR, FEDOR Russia, 1789, MIM Universal Equatorial Sundial, 1789 = MOS-18463. Chenekal 1.
DENN, WILLIAM England, c.1695, apprenticed to John Waite of the Grocers' Company on May 6, 1695. J. Brown 1.
DENNERT AND PAPE England, c.1850, MIM Instrument? = Soth. 10/4/77. RSW.
DENNEWALT, GERHART Germany, 1681, PHIM Gold Balance, 1681 = HAM. Hamburg. RSW.
DENNIS England, OIM Telescope, refracting = FRK-T 163. London. Frank.
DENNIS, GEORGE England, c.1713, MIM apprenticed to John Bennett 2 of the Clockmakers' Company on Oct. 21, 1713; turned over to Thomas Baldwin. J. Brown 3.
DENNIS, J.C. England, c.1845, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Calling card; see John Charles Dennis. Bristol. Chaldecott 3; RGO.
DENNIS, JOHN CHARLES England, fl.1825-61, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Marine Barometer = KEN; Artificial Horizon = KEN; Microscope = CRI. T.C.; made sextants with Becher's artificial horizon; the microscope is signed "Dennis 118 Bishopsgate Street, London"; some instruments signed "J.C. Dennis", which see; calling card has "Bristol" as an address. 118 Bishopsgate Street (1839-49); 122 Bishopsgate Street (1850-61); both in London; Bristol. Taylor 2(1534); KEN; Goodison 1; Chaldecott 3 & 4; RGO; Gunther 2; McConnell 4.
DENNIS, JOHN WILLIAM England, c.1816, MIM apprenticed to John Holyman of the Grocers' Company, April 4, 1816. J. Brown 1.
DENNS, J. 1679, MIM Sundial, circular, 6 annular rings, 1679 = Soth. 3/17/38 = P-B 10/31/52 = Koller 11/17/75. may be Jodocus Deens. RSW.
DENORRY France, 1588, professor of mathematics; invented a "Compas Optique", a form of Radio Latino, with optical sight attached to one leg. Paris. Kraus Catalogue.
DENT England, PHIM Depliedoscope = UTR; Altimeter and Aneroid Barometer = Christie-Geneva 11/20/79. surely E.J. Dent. 33 and 34 Cockspur Street, London. RSW.
DENT, E., AND CO. England, c.1820, NIM Magnetic Compasses = Christie 7/16/68 (2), 10/8/68. 61 Strand and 4 Royal Exchange, London. RSW.
DENT, E.I. England, see Edward John Dent.
DENT, EDWARD JOHN England, 1790-1853, MIM NIM PHIM Dipleidoscopes = HAY, ADL-W189, P.C., WHI (5), Soth. 11/9/59, Ineichen 5/3/74, etc.; Barometers with Thermometers = Soth. 7/26/65, K. and C. 3/19/75; Compass = Christie 7/28/70. maker of "Big Ben"; named and made "E.I. Dent's Patent Meridian" which he called the dipleidoscope; author; a dipleidoscope shows the moment when the sun crosses the meridian; "Chronometer Maker to the Queen"; also invented a new magnetic compass and a chronograph. 82 Strand and 33 Cockspur Street; 34 Royal Exchange; 61 Strand (post-1851); all in London. Taylor 2(1310); Bryden 16; Brewington 1; Calvert 2; Whipple 1; Namur; Moskowitz; ADL; RSW; G.L'E. Turner 24; J.A. Bennett 2.
DENT, J. England, c.1845, PHIM see Edward John Dent. Particular Mechanic and Engineer's Magazine, Vol. IV, ppp. 100-01.
DENTON England, invented a level made by W. and S. Jones. Whipple 1.
DENTON AND CO. England, 1809, MIM Terrestrial Globe, miniature, case, 1809 = Soth., Wilkinson and Hodge 11/16/22. London. RSW.
DENTON, JOSEPH England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Hull. Goodison 1.
DENTZEL, JOHANN Germany, 1572-1625, painter; devised a variant type of graphometer in 1616 with his brother, Melchior Dentzel. Ulm. Bedini 3.
DENTZEL, MELCHIOR Germany, 1585-1635, MIM SIM Graphometer = Soth. 2/26/62 = USNM. apprenticed to Michael Pauly Schmid, a master goldsmith, in 1599; passed his examination as a goldsmith in accessories in 1611; invented this type of graphometer in 1616 with his brother, Johann Dentzel; original case also includes some drawing instruments; author. Ulm. USNM; Price 2; Bedini 3; RSW.
DEPAGNET France, c.1650, OIM Dépagnet; made telescopes. Paris. Nachet.
DEPARCIEUX, ANTOINE France, 1703-68, MIM made sundials, instruments and watches; invented a lens-polishing machine; author. Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet; Moskowitz 130.
DEPETRIS, I., S.J. France, 1753, MIM Sundial, 1753 = ADL-A100. ADL; RSW.
DEPEUILLE France, 1786, PHIM Thermometer on Barometer, 1786 = Drouot 11/19/70. RSW.
DEPOUILLY France, fl.1683-92, OIM Microscopes = BIL, KEN (CRI). see Depovilly and J. Pouilly; Coffeen thinks Pouilly and Depouilly are the same maker; Nachet thought it was Depovilly as the "u" is engraved as a "v". Paris. Nachet; Purtle; KEN; A.J. Turner 10; Nachet; Coffeen 46.
DEPOVILLY France, see J.Pouilly and Depouilly. Paris. Nachet; Purtle; KEN; A.J. Turner 10; Coffeen 46; RSW.
DERBY, EDWARD England, PHIM T.C.; "Successor to the Ingenious Mr. Joseph Hickman." Union Court, facing St. Andrews Church, Holborn, London. Calvert 2.
DEREGNI, ANGELO Italy, 18th Century, OIM Telescopes, pasteboard and horn = ADL-M449, P.C., Soth. 10/28/86; Telescope, vellum and paper = D. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW; Brieux 2.
DEREPAS France, c.1850, OIM Achromatic Spyglass = WHI; Reflecting Telescope = Hérmes Museum, Paris; Spyglasses = Soth. 12/13/65, FRK = Soth. 3/25/86. Palais Royal 23 (25), Paris. Dewhirst; Whipple 1; Frank; RSW.
DERG, CAREL GUST. Sweden, 1768, MIM Horary Quadrant, 1768 = NOR. Stockholm. RSW.
DERHAM, WILLIAM England, 1657-1735, MIM Horary Quadrant, 1678 = OXF; Wall Sundials = St. George's Chapel, Windsor (1723), Lincoln Chapel (1723), St. Laurence Church, Upminster. quadrant signed "W. Durham", early form of his name; owner/maker?; designer of clocks and instruments; author. Upminster. Aked; Chamberlain.
DERING, G. 1791, PHIM Lodestone, 1791 = P.C. Wheatland 3.
DERNER, I.M. misreading for Dorner. Lagos and Jozsef; Zinner 1; RSW.
DEROGY France, OIM made optical instruments. Paris. USNM.
DERRIEN ET LEPRIEUR France, NIM Sextants = MYS (3). Derrien et LePrieur. RSW.
DERRY, CHARLES England, c.1838, MIM PHIM 6 Leigh Street, Barton Crescent, London. Taylor 2(2115).
DERVIE, DE France, pre-1690, OIM mentioned by Bonani in 1690 as an instrument maker. Lyon. Clay and Court.
DES BORDES & P.D.J.E. France, c.1780, MIM Surveyor's Square = P.C.(1987). RSW.
DESAGNEAUX France, c.1809, invented a rapporteur, made by Marchois. Paris. Daumas 1.
DESAGULIERS, JOHN THEOPHILUS England, 1683-1744, MIM made and designed instruments. Westminster; Plough Court, Fetter Lane; both in London. Taylor 1(545); Daumas 1; G.L'E. Turner 24.
DESARGUES, GERARD France, 1593-1661, OIM Gérard Desargues; worked on objective lenses; author. Paris. Nachet; Daumas 1.
DESCARTES, RENE France, 1596-1650, René Descartes; scientist and philosopher; designed microscopes; first to design scale for barometers; author. Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet; Middleton 1 & 4; DSB.
DESCOMBES, MAL(COLM) England, NIM Octant = P.C. RSW.
DESCRIVANI Italy, c.1832, designed a planetarium, made by Pierret and at CNAM. Morpurgo 1; CNAM 2.
DESCROIZILLES, FRANCOIS ANTOINE HENRI France, 1751-1825, François Antoine Henri Descroizilles; chemist; invented a still for wine analysis, 1810. Rouen. G.L'E. Turner 24.
DESCROLIERES, ADRIEN Italy; Belgium; France, fl.1571-80, MIM Astrolabes = VEN (1571)(ICA-503), GRE (1577)(ICA-455), TPD (1579)(ICA-525), SPI-2782 = BM (1580)(ICA-208), TIM (157?) = Christie-SK 4/14/88 = P.C.; Rule, folding with three legs, 1579 = OXF. Adrien Descrolières. Venice; Mantua (1577); Antwerp (1579); Paris (1580). Michel 1 and 3; Price 1 and 3; Ward 4; Gunther 1 and 2; Nachet; Belgian Inv; Italian Inv; Ernst; Maison Française; A.J. Turner 8; RSW.
DESHARYS, JEAN France, c.1790, instrument maker? Nachet.
DESILVA, WILLIAM England, c.1850, NIM OIM PHIM Telescopes = PMS (3); Octant = USNM; Compass = D.(1965); Sextants = Maritime Museum, Philadelphia, Pa., MYS; Stick Barometer = VNN; Wheel Barometer = Soth.-C 10/9/86. barometer signed "Desilva." 37 Bath Street, Princes Dock and 126 Duke Street; 250 Great Howard Street; 38 Regent Street (1857); all in Liverpool. USNM; Bryden 9; RSW.
DESLINCOURT, JEAN FRACTORENSIS France, c.1680, MIM Skaphe, 1680 = CNAM-929. copy of a classic skaphe; Fractorensis may be a town. CNAM 2.
DESNOS, LOUIS-CHARLES France, fl.1753-82, MIM SIM Circumferentor = Mariner's Museum, Newport News, Va.; Carte Odagraphique, 1763 = Balzekas Museum, Chicago; Sector = ADL-M89; Folding Square = USNM; Celestial Globes = LNB (1758), P.C. (1770); Butterfield-type Sundials = P. and S. 2/28/1896, FRY; Armillary Spheres = CNAM (1757), (1768), X (1754), DEU (2), Nouveau Drouot 5/20/88; Terrestrial Globe Clock, 1782 = DRE; Terrestrial Globes, 1757, 1772 = CNAM (2). "on trouve chez Desnos toutes sortes D'instruments de Mathématiques"; son-in-law of Nicholas Hardy ? Beauvais (1754); Chez Desnos, ingénieur géographe, rue St. Jacques St Severin à l'enseigne du Globe; rue St. Julien le pauvre, Quartier de la Place Maubert; both in Paris. Michel 3; Engelmann 1; USNM; Nachet; Chenekal 3; Drechsler 2; Globus, Nov. 1954, June 1963; Pastoreau; ADL; RSW.
DESNOS, V.T. France?, 1850, MIM Goniometer, 1850 = MOS. designed by Douglas. Novokshanova-Soklovskaja.
DESPAGNET see Dépagnet. Nachet.
DESROLIS see Mlle. Ginot-Desrois. RSW.
DESUOS France, MIM Goniometer = Koller, May 1962. probably Desnos. Paris. RSW.
DETOUCHE France, MIM Pliers, engraved, iron = ROU-306; Planetarium = CNAM. Sedan. Michel 3.
DETOUCHE ET HOUDIN France, c.1850, MIM in the Great Exhibition, 1851, London. 228 and 230 Rue St. Martin, Paris. G.L'E. Turner 24.
DETURE France, cadran solaire de poche fin 18ème Delure, fabriquant Paris Pugsley Sale. Corpechot.
DEUCHAR, JOHN Scotland, fl.1815-33, PHIM made chemical apparatus. Lothian Street, Edinburgh. Bryden 3.
DEUERLIN, JOACHIM Germany?, fl.1619-33, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1619 = OXFB; Drawing Compasses, 1633 = DRE (2). one compass has micrometer divided by letters. Zinner 1; Maddison 5; Evans 1; Gunther 2; Drechsler 2; Price 2; RSW.
DEUR, JOHANNES Holland, fl.1702-14, MIM Terrestrial Globes, cases = KRA, LEY. engraved maps. Amsterdam. Globus, Dec. 1956; Krogt 1; Edell 1.
DEVACHT, FRANCOIS USA, c.1792, MIM François Devacht; made sundials, compasses, etc.; worked with his brother, Joseph. Gallipolis, Ohio. Bedini 1.
DEVACHT, JOSEPH USA, c.1792, MIM made sundials, compasses, etc.; worked with his brother, François. Gallipolis, Ohio. Bedini 1.
DEVASTON, J. England, 1790, MIM Pantograph, 1790 = P.C. RSW.
DEVAULX France, 1583, MIM Astrolabe, geographical, paper, 1583 = Giraudon. Reichen.
DEVINPORT, ROBERT variant of Robert Davenport. Bryden 3.
DEVOT France, NIM Dry Card Compass = MYS. Le Havre. RSW.
DEW, SAMUEL USA, 1822, patented nautical compass, 1822. Romney, Va. USNM.
DEWAR, SIR JAMES England, 1842-1923, see Liveing and Dewar. G.L'E. Turner 24.
DEWILDE, JOHN England, c.1735, apprenticed to John Patrick 1 in the Joiners' Company on Nov. 6, 1722; free in the Company, Mar. 23, 1735. Crawforth 7.
DEWRY England, 1693, zodiac band engraved on Coronelli globe by Dewry. Grimaldi.
DEXTER, GEORGE USA, 1846, PHIM 57 State Street, Albany, N.Y. USNM.
DEYERLIN England, 1819, see Holtzapffel and Deyerlin. RSW.
DEYL see Deijl; also found as Deyle.
DHIDERIC, MISER Germany, c.1200, MIM Sundial on pillar of church = Niederurff. "Dhideric Miser Fecit." Niederurff. Zinner 1.
DIAKOFF, GEORGE Russia, MIM made a new type of arithmometer. St. Petersburg. USNM.
DIAS, JOAO Portugal, fl.1614-38, Joa~o Dias; thought to be the maker who signed mariner's astrolabes as "Y°. Dyas", which see; astrolabes dated 1614, 1619, and 1628; listed as astrolabe maker and examiner of Agostinhode Goes in 1630. Lisbon? A. Stimson 3.
DIBBLEY England, fl.1560-70?, MIM also clock maker. Taylor 1(28); Evans 1.
DIBOLD, JOH. CHRISTOPH Germany, 1780, MIM Celestial Globe, 1780 = Baden-Baden Neues Schloss-6897. Durlach. Zinner 1.
DICAS 1 England, c.1790, PHIM Hygrometer = KEN; Proof Slide Rule, ivory = ADL-161. see John Dicas who patented an accurate hygrometer; the slide rule at the ADL is marked "Dicas Patentee Liverpool." Liverpool. Wheatland 1; KEN; ADL; RSW.
DICAS 2 England, c.1800, MIM Slide Rules, ivory = BM, NMM-Gabb Coll., KEN (2). London. Price 3; Ward 4; KEN; RSW.
DICAS AND ARSTALL England, c.1807, PHIM Mary Dicas and George Arstall; patent hydrometer makers. 8 North Side Old Dock, Liverpool (1807). Bryden 9.
DICAS, ANN England, fl.1797-1822, PHIM Hygrometer = Soth. 10/17/60. made patented hygrometers sold by John Bywater and Co.; Turner thinks she was daughter and successor to John Dicas. 83 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool. Taylor 2(1535); RSW; G.L'E. Turner 24.
DICAS, I. England, MIM Compass = Christie-SK 3/31/83. may be related to Ann Dicas; see John Dicas. Liverpool. RSW.
DICAS, JOHN England, fl.1774-97, MIM PHIM Hydrometer, No. 986 = HAR. patented Dicas Alcohol Hydrometer, June 1780; succeeded by his daughter, Mary Dicas, in 1797; T.C.; Turner thinks that Ann Dicas was his daughter; see Dicas 1. Navigation Shop, 29 Pool Lane (1790); 27 Pool Lane (1796); both in Liverpool. Bryden 9; Calvert 2; G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
DICAS, MARY England, fl.1797-1806, MIM PHIM succeeded her father in 1797; made hydrometers. 27 Pool Lane (1800); 7 North Side Old Dock, Strand Street (1803); 7 North End Old Dock (1804-5); all in Liverpool. Bryden 9.
DICEY misreading for Dixey. Soth.-S 10/19/89.
DICK, ALEXANDER Scotland, fl.1827-74, MIM SIM made surveying chains; surveyor. 101 Bridgegate (1827-32); Buchanan Court, 105 Stockwell (1833-74); both in Glasgow. Bryden 3.
DICK, WILLIAM England, c.1723, MIM apprenticed to John Dobson of the Clockmakers' Company, June 3, 1723. J. Brown 3.
DICKENS, JOHANNES Holland, c.1740, NIM Reflecting Circle = AMST. Amsterdam. Mörzer Bruyns 1 and 2.
DICKENS, JOHN England, c.1648, apprenticed to Walter Hayes of the Grocers' Company on Sept. 12, 1648. J. Brown 1.
DICKINSON, EDMUND USA, c.1772, MIM made dip needles. Williamsburg, Va. Bedini 8.
DICKINSON, S. England, 1808, NIM Compass Rose, 1808 = X. Schück.
DICKMAN, JOHN 1 Scotland, 1794-1855, NIM OIM nautical instrument maker to Queen Victoria, 1845; made clocks, chronometers, telescopes, etc. Kirkgate (1794-96); Bernard Street (1797-1813); 33 Shore (1814-40); all in Leith; 142 George Street (1841-42); 91 Princeses Street (1843); both in Edinburgh; 6 Charlotte Place (1844-48); 4 Charlotte Place (1849-54); both in Leith. Bryden 3; Taylor 2(1829); USNM; Clarke et al.
DICKMAN, JOHN 2 England, pre-1830, MIM see John Dickman and Son. Quayside, West Shore, Sunderland. Taylor 2(1829)(1829a).
DICKMAN, JOHN, AND SON England, c.1830, MIM John Dickman 2 and his son. Quayside, West Shore, Sunderland. Taylor 2(1829a).
DICKSON AND CARGILL Ireland, OIM Student Microscope = P.C. optician. Belfast. RSW.
DIDDERICHSEN, JACOB Denmark, MIM Magnetic Compass, box = FRE. cast pewter or tin. Copenhagen. Price 2.
DIEBOLDT France, MIM Drawing Instruments = LEY; Instrument = DEU. Strasbourg. RSW.
DIEGHEM, FRAN DE Belgium, MIM SIM Circumferentor = D.(1960); Quadrant = VEN. sometimes signed "F.R. van Dieghem." Brussels. Bonelli 4; RSW.
DIEM, JAKOB Germany, fl.1586-89, MIM Astronomical Clock = Old Town Hall, Esslingen. Esslingen. Zinner 1.
DIEN, CHARLES 1 1740, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1740 = P.C. Globus, Dec. 1957.
DIEN, CHARLES 2 France, 1809-70, MIM Celestial Globes = MOS (1831), VNL (1840), MOS, Peron et Corsy, Melun 6/10/79; Globe = D.; Terrestrial Globe, 1844 = Versailles 4/17/83. "géographe"; see Delamarche et Dien. rue Hauteville N. 13; Rue du Foin St. Jacques au Collège de Mtre. Gervais; both in Paris. Chenakal 3; Globus, June 1962, Dec. 1957; Brieux 3; Tooley; RSW.
DIENERT, PAULUS PHIM balance maker; see "P.D." (1); may be Dierert. RSW.
DIEPEL, HERMANN Germany, fl.1558-77, MIM Celestial Globes = KAS (1563), DRE. Kassel. Zinner 1.
DIETA France, PHIM Barometer = Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Strasbourg. optician. Strasbourg. RSW.
DIETHELM, ABBOT Switzerland, 1549, MIM Diptych Sundial, 1549 = St. Gallen. "Abbot Diethelm u St. Gallen, 1549." St. Gallen Abbey. RSW.
DIETRICH, HANS Austria, c.1628, MIM see Johann Dietrich 1. Zinner 1.
DIETRICH, JOHANN 1 Czechoslovakia, 1611, MIM Bow Compass, 1611 = Polytecnic Institute, Prague. Cenipo. Czech. Inv.
DIETRICH, JOHANN 2 Switzerland, fl.1751-55, MIM Basle. Evans 1.
DIETRICHSTEIN, VON Germany, 1647, MIM Cube Sundial, 1647 = BM. owner; the dial is also marked "S.L.G.V.D." with the "G" raised slightly above the other initials. Price 3; Ward 4; RSW.
DIETSCHI, PANCRATZ Germany, fl.1584-94, MIM made an astronomical clock; "Passerace Troche" is alternative name. Fribourg. Baillie 1.
DIETTE France, c.1800, OIM Telescope = Stuker, 1958. Lyon. RSW.
DIEU, FRANCISCUS LE Holland, b.1700 fl.1726, MIM also made clocks. Leiden. Rooseboom 1.
DIGBY, CHARLES England, fl.1729-67, MIM NIM Backstaff, 1749 = Bowes Museum. apprenticed to Benjamin Macy of the Clockmakers' Company on Oct. 12, 1721; T.C.; took over John Henshaw's shop. The Globe, near Hermitage Stairs, Wapping, London. Taylor 2(465a); J. Brown 3; Weil 2(23); Crawforth 1.
DIGEON see Pigeon. CNAM 2.
DIGGES, JOHANNES Holland, c.1650, MIM worked with William Corderoy and Caspar Kalthoff. Dordrecht. Rooseboom 1.
DIGGES, LEONARD England, 1510-58, devised a theodolite and other instruments; author. Barham, East Kent. Taylor 1(4); Daumas 1; Michel 3; Gunther 6; DSB; DNB.
DIGGES, THOMAS England, 1531-95, son of Leonard Digges; designed instruments; author. Daumas 1; DSB; DNB; A.J. Turner 10.
DIGUE France, MIM SIM Level = Soth. 6/9/39; Surveying Instrument = P.C. Paris. RSW.
DIJK, VAN DEN see Petrus ab Aggere. Michel 3.
DIJON France, c.1781, MIM won a prize from the Royal Academy of Sciences, 1781; possibly Pigeon. Daumas 1.
DIKAUF, JOHANN Germany?, c.1600, MIM Diptych Sundial, wood = WUR. Zinner 1.
DILLER, BALTHASAR Germany1780, MIM Table Sundial, stone, 1780 = STU-8446. Mergentheim. Zinner 1.
DILLON England, c.1742, OIM T.C.; optician. in Long Acre, next door to the White Hart, London. Calvert 2.
DILLON AND TUTTLE USA, fl.1820-40, PHIM Stick Barometer = D.(1980). T.C.; formerly Kline and Co. 74 Wall Street, New York, N.Y. RSW.
DIMMOCK England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Ryde. Goodison 1.
DINGLEY, JAMES England, c.1770, apprenticed to Joseph Edwards; ran away May 11, 1770. Birmingham. Bryden 9.
DININCKOFF, BERNARD England, 1585, MIM Sundial, stained-glass, 1585 = Gilling Castle, Yorkshire North. Daniels 1.
DIONYSODORUS Greece?, c.100 B.C., invented the conical sundial. Amisus. Cousins.
DIPHOP Russia, 1775, MIM Sundial, 1775 = GMELV-IM 3035. Chenekal 1.
DIRCK, JOHAN Germany, 1653, NIM Compass Rose, 1653 = X. Hamburg. Schück 2.
DIRCKXSEN, SYMEN see Symen Dirckxsen Blocker. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
DIRICKSEN, DI Germany, 1644, NIM Compass Rose, 1644 = X. Hamburg. Schück 2.
DISMORR, J. England, MIM Slide Rule = Soth. 10/28/86. 42 Russell Street, Rotherhithe, London. RSW.
DIVINI, EUSTACHIO Italy; France; Italy, 1620-95, OIM Telescopes = ROM (1663), FLO (1664 and 1674), POB (1673), BM; Oculars = FLO (1665 and 1666); Microscopes, 1668 = ROM, BIL; etc. developed a micrometer; tried fitting telescopic sights to surveying instruments in 1664. Bologna; Paris; Rome. Bonelli 1 and 4; Purtle; Michel 3; Dewhirst; USNM; Nachet; Gunther 2; Italian Inv.; Daumas 1; Price 2; A.J. Turner 10.
DIVIS, P. 1754, PHIM made a thunder house (Paratonnerre). ?
DIVISIOLI, G. AND F. see Giovannes Franciscus Divizioli. Forti.
DIVITIOLO, GIOAN. FRANCESCHO see Giovannes Franciscus Divizioli. Brieux 2.
DIVIZIOLI, GIOVANNES FRANCISCUS Italy, fl.1593-1612, MIM Armillary Sphere, 1593 = Cabinet de physique du "Lycée d'Etudes Classiques Daniel Manin"; Reduction Compass with Protractor, 1612 = D.(1981). Cremona. Italian Inv.; Brieux 2.
DIX, HENRY England, c.1716, apprenticed to Mark Rogers in the Joiners' Company on Aug. 7, 1716. Crawforth 7.
DIXEY 1 England, MIM OIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Barometer in clock = Soth. 12/15/83; Telescope, single-draw = Phillips 4/20/83; Telescopes = D. (1976)(2); Stick Barometer = D.(1977). probably Charles Wastell Dixey; the clock is inscribed "Luke Briggs, Wisbeach 144". New Bond Street, London. Goodison 1; RSW.
DIXEY 2 England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Norwich. Goodison 1.
DIXEY 3 England, OIM PHIM Microscope = Phillips 6/15/76; Stick Barometer = Soth.-S 10/19/89. see L. Dixey; Soth.-S marked "from London and Brighton." Brighton; London. RSW.
DIXEY 4 see Willson and Dixey. RSW.
DIXEY AND SON England, MIM PHIM Stick Barometer = VNN; Proportional Dividers = Christie-SK 7/10/80. surely Charles Wastell Dixey and Son. 552 Oxford Street; Bond Street; both in London. RSW.
DIXEY, C.W., AND SON England, c.1845, MIM PHIM Barographs =Christie 6/7/72, Phillips 10/26/83; Aneroid Barometer = D.(1976). Charles Wastell Dixey; later became "C.W. Dixey and Sons"; "Opticians to the Queen." 3 New Bond Street, London. Gatty; RSW.
DIXEY, CHARLES WASTELL England, 1798-1880, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Hadley's Quadrant, 1842 = NMM; Telescope = KEN; Barometers = X (4); Wheel Barometer = Buckingham Palace; Barograph = Melun 4/24/83; Microscope = Christie-SK 2/9/84; Stick Barometer and Thermometer = Longleat; Garden Sundial = Harlestone House, Northampton.; Sector, ivory = P.C.; Stick Barometer = Soth. 2/28/80; Spirit Level = Soth. 7/21/87; etc. T.C.; "Optician to the Queen and to H.R.H. Prince Albert"; Taylor thought he was successor to George and Charles Dixey; generally signed "C.W. Dixey." 335 Oxford Street (1821); 78 New Bond Street (1822-23); 3 New Bond Street (1825-60); all in London. Taylor 2(1536)(1537); Calvert 2; KEN; Goodison 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; Earle; RSW.
DIXEY, EDWARD England, 1757-1838, OIM PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 12/14/89. apprenticed to George Linnell of the Spectaclemakers' Company in 1771; free of the Company in 1778; succeeded Fraser and Son in 1817; was succeeded by George and Charles Dixey, sons or nephews. 335 Oxford Street (1782); 370 Oxford Street (1808); 335 Oxford Street (1822); all in London. Taylor 2(703); Clay and Court; Court and von Rohr 3(202); RSW.
DIXEY, G. England, 19th Century, OIM Telescopes = D.(1987), Gersaint 7/20/96. could be George Dixey 1 or 2; D. signed "Improved day or night." London. RSW.
DIXEY, G. AND C. England, fl.1821-38, MIM OIM PHIM Microscope = CRI; Pedometer = Koller Oct. 1970; Beam Compass = WHI; Mathematical Instrument Set = Soth. 6/23/64; Ellipsograph = WHI; Spy Glass, 1821 = D.(1972); Marine Barometer = VNN; Pocket Compass = Christie 12/18/74; Hodometer = Soth., Wilkinson and Hodge 12/5/24 = Soth. 2/6/25; Telescope = KEN; etc. T.C.; George and Charles (Wastell?) Dixey, which see; "Opticians to the King"; twin sons and successors to Edward Dixey; signed as "Late Fraser"; "Mathematical Instrument Makers to the King." 335 Oxford Street (1821); 78 New Bond Street (1822-23); 3 New Bond Street (1825-28); all in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1536, 1537); Whipple 1; Price 12; Gunther 2; KEN; Moskowitz 104; RSW; Crawforth 1.
DIXEY, GEORGE 1 England, fl.1810-32, OIM Telescope, 1825 = D. may be connected with Charles and George Dixey 2. 20 Vine Street, Picadilly, London. Taylor 2(1311); Coffeen II.
DIXEY, GEORGE 2 England, 1798-1838, MIM OIM PHIM twin brother of Charles Wastell Dixey? father of L. Dixey; optician to the Royal Family; T.C. Bond Street, London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(1536)(1537); Calvert 2; Crawforth 1.
DIXEY, GEORGE AND CHARLES England, fl.1825-38, MIM OIM PHIM Microscope = CRI; Pedometer = Koller Oct. 1970; Beam Compass = WHI; Mathematical Instrument Set = Soth. 6/23/64; Ellipsograph = WHI; Spyglass = Soth. 12/13/65;Telescope = KEN; Thermometer = KEN; Opera Glasses = KEN (2). George Dixey 2 and Charles Wastell Dixey; "Opticians to the King"; successors to Edward Dixey; signed as "Late Fraser"; see G. and C. Dixey. 3 New Bond Street (1825-38); 335 Oxford Street; 78 New Bond Street; all in London. Taylor 2(1536)(1537); Whipple 1; Price 12; Gunther 2; KEN; RSW.
DIXEY, L. England, fl.1843-60, OIM PHIM Wheel Barometer and Thermometer with clock = K. and C. 5/6/75. optician; T.C.; son of George Dixey 2; see Dixey 3. Bond Street, London; 62 Kings Road (1843); 21 Kings Road (1860); last two in Brighton. Calvert 2; KEN; RSW; Crawforth 1; RSW.
DIXON England, instrument maker. NMM 1.
DIXON AND PICKERING PHIM Stick Barometer = Salem Maritime Nat'l Historic Site, Mass. RSW.
DIXON, HUGH England, c.1785, OIM patented improvements of optical instruments; made telescopes, microscopes, etc. St. James's, Clerkenwell, London. Taylor 2(827); Dewhirst.
DIXON, JOHN England, c.1822, MIM 93 Newman Street, London. O'Mara.
DIXON, WILLIAM England, fl.1688-90, MIM member of the Joiners' Company; turned over William Roloson to Joseph Wells in 1690. London. Crawforth 7.
DNS Germany, 1562, Ring Sundial, 1562 = ADL-M308. marked "Anno Dns 1562"; "Dns" has a bar over the "ns"; shorthand for "Dominus." Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
DO France, c.1691, enameler who sold barometers. rue du Harley, Aux Armes de France, Paris. Daumas 1.
DO---- England, NIM Compass Card = NMM. Minories, London. RSW.
DOBBIE, ALEXANDER Scotland, 1815-87, NIM OIM Sextants = PEA, FRK(2) = RSM(1); Octant = Phillips 5/20/75; Telescopes = MYS, FRK = RSM(2); Chronometer = FRK = RSM. also made watches; T.C.; retailed Chrichton octants. 20 Clyde Place (1844-56); 24 Clyde Place, south side of Quay (1857-72); 24 and 25 Clyde Place (1873-85); all in Glasgow. Brewington 1; Bryden 3; Frank; Clarke et al. RSW.
DOBBIE, ALEXANDER, AND SON Scotland, fl.1886-1900+, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Compass Rose = AMST; Stick Barometer = P.C. son was John Clark Dobbie. 24 & 25 Clyde Place (1886-88); 18 & 19 Clyde Place (1889-91); 44 & 45 Clyde Place (1893-95); all in Glasgow. Bryden 3; Mörzer Bruyns 1; Clarke et al; RSW.
DOBBIE, JOHN CLARK Scotland, fl.1817-96, MIM NIM OIM PHIM son of Alexander Dobbie; carried on the firm after his father's death in 1887; designed nautical instruments. Glasgow. Clarke et al.
DOBBIE, RICHARD England, NIM repaired Bianchetti sextant. RSW.
DOBBIE, WILLIAM Scotland, fl.1821-45, PHIM made two barometers in 1845. Falkirk. Goodison 1.
DOBERSCHITZ, LAUR. Austria, 1734-99, MIM Lunar Volvelle = KRM-FS32; Sector = KRM. cleric. Kremsmünster. Zinner 1; RSW.
DOBINSON England, c.1780, PHIM Angle Barometer = P.-B. 4/28/39. Wolsingham. RSW.
DOBLER, EUGENIUS Austria, fl.1746-62, OIM Gregorian Telescope = KRM. Kremsmünster. Zinner 1.
DOBLER, J.M. Germany, fl.1690-1730, OIM Telescopes = Gel-TX895, DRE; Binocular Telescopes = DRE (1730), MOS (2). "opticus fecit." Berlin. Chenekal 4; Drechsler 2; RSW.
DOBROMIL Germany, 18th Century, MIM Equatorial Sundial = Drecker. RSW.
DOBSON 1 USA, c.1798, MIM Philadelphia, Pa. Encyclopedia of Arts and Sciences, Vol. IX, Philadelphia, Pa. 1798.
DOBSON 2 England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
DOBSON AND BAKER England, NIM Quadrant = P.C. London. USNM.
DOBSON, F. misreading for J. Dobson 1. RSW.
DOBSON, GLOVER AND CO. England, c.1780, NIM OIM Quadrant, case = D.(1983); Telescope = Portland Museum of Art, Me. telescope marked "Improved Day or Night." 144 Leadenhall Street, London. RSW.
DOBSON, J. 1 England, c.1800, PHIM Stick Barometers = X, Soth. 10/22/87. Finsbury Street, Finsbury Square, London. Goodison 1; RSW.
DOBSON, J. 2 see John Dobson.
DOBSON, JAMES England, 1794, MIM Chart Globe, 1794 = X. based on Halley's observations. Tooley.
DOBSON, JOHN 1 England, fl.1714-23, MIM apprenticed to John Henshaw of the Clockmakers' Company on Sept. 15, 1698; free of the Company, Nov. 1, 1714; took apprentices. J. Brown 3.
DOBSON, JOHN 2 England, fl.1828-46, MIM OIM PHIM Stick Barometer = X. apprenticed to Thomas Lefever in the Merchant Taylors' Company; made free in the Company. 4 Great Suffolk Street (1828-29); 13 Newington Causeway (1830); 54 Newington Causeway (1836-46); all in London.. Taylor 2(1830); Goodison 1; O'Mara; Crawforth 7.
DOBSON, LEONARD England, MIM apprenticed to Thomas Lefever in the Merchant Taylors' Company; free in the Company. Crawforth 7.
DOD, DANIEL USA, 1778-1823, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compendium = Fort Laramie Nat'l Monument, Wyoming; Surveying Compass = ADL- son of Lebbeus Dod. Mendham, New Jersey. Smart 1; Bedini 8.
DOD, LEBBENS see Lebbeus Dod. Smart 1; USNM.
DOD, LEBBEUS USA, 1739-1816, MIM SIM Parallel Rule and Protractor = Guthman Coll.; Drafting Instrument = P.C.; Drawing Instrument Set = P.C. sometimes signed "Lebbus Dod"; surveyor. Mendham, New Jersey. Smart 1; Guthman 1; USNM; Bedini 8.
DODASNE, DOMINIQUE Belgium, 1697, OIM Telescope, 1697 = Tomba. Brussels. RSW.
DODD Scotland, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Stick Barometer = Christie-SK 4/17/86. Andrew Dodd? Glasgow. Goodison 1; RSW.
DODD, ANDREW Scotland, fl.1837-47, MIM OIM PHIM 70 Hutcheson Street (1837-38); 36 Glassford Street (1838-47); 88 Glassford Street 1847-48; all in Glasgow. Goodison 1; Bryden 3.
DODD, S. USA, 19th Century, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = New Haven Colony Historical Society, Conn. USNM.
DOERRETY England, 1727, PHIM Barometer, 1727 = D.(1971). London. RSW.
Dolberg & Hannay Rostock, Germany Octants see Dolberg, Adolf Rostock
Dolberg & Petri Rostock, Germany, c. 1858 Theolodites see Dolberg, Adolf Rostock
Dolberg, Adolf Rostock, Germany, 1848-1863 Octants, reflecting circle, chemical balances continued as Dolberg & Petri, Dolberg & Hannay Rostock, Munich, Stralsund, Greenwich Hamel, Juergen, in Beitrag zur Astronomiegeschichte, Band 10 (2010)
DOLL, JOHAN GEORG Germany, 1739, MIM Perpetual Calendar, 1739 = OXF. Evans 1; Esdaille.
DOLLAND many optical and philosophical instruments signed "Dolland" are to be found; some are surely misreadings but others are deliberately mis-signed to take advantage of the great popularity of the Dollond name and avoid any legal action. RSW.
DOLLARD England, PHIM Pocket Barometer = K. and C. 7/9/75. misreading for Dollond? London. RSW.
DOLLON England, c. 1780, NIM Sextant = MOS. probably Dollond. London. Novokshanova-Soklovskaja.
DOLLOND England, MIM NIM OIM PHIM a great many instruments are signed just "Dollond"; they could have been made by John 1, John 2, Peter or George (Huggins) (1) Dollond and covered a long period of time. London. ADL; RSW.
DOLLOND AND SON England, c.1752, MIM OIM Orrery = Morrison Planetarium, San Francisco, Cal.; Telescopes = Soth. 10/17/60, D.(1972)(1977); Microscope = WHI. John Dollond 1 and Peter Dollond. London. Whipple 1; RSW; O'Mara; Wynter 1.
DOLLOND, GEORGE (HUGGINS) 1 England, 1774-1856, MIM OIM PHIM Telescope, case = D.(1983); Microscope = Soth. 7/29/69; Instruments = OXF, WHI, NMM; Stick Barometers = City of Gloucester Museum, Erddig Park, Wrexham; etc. born George Huggins 1, son of John Huggins 1; changed name 1805-06; nephew of Peter Dollond; apprenticed to him in the Spectaclemakers' Company, 1788; turned over to Charles Fairbone 1 of the Grocers' Company in 1788; turned over to Charles Fairbone 2 in the Company in 1802; admitted to the Spectaclemakers' Company by redemption in 1807; optician to William IV, Queen Victoria and the Honble. Board of Customs; F.R.S., 1819; author; succeeded Peter Dollond in 1820. see Dollond, George (Huggins) 1 (continued).
DOLLOND, GEORGE (HUGGINS) 1 (CONTINUED) 28 New Surrey Street, Blackfriars Road; 59 St. Paul's Churchyard (1804-54); 61 Paternoster Row (1854-56); all in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(955), (992a); Calvert 2; Crawforth 1; J. Brown 1 and 2; NMM 2; G.L'E. Turner 24; Court and von Rohr 3(223); Robischon; Clay and Court; RSW.
DOLLOND, GEORGE (HUGGINS) 2 England, fl.1827-64, MIM OIM born George Huggins 2; apprenticed to George (Huggins) Dollond 1 (who was probably his father) in the Grocers' Company on Feb. 6, 1817; free of the Company on April 5, 1827; took name of Dollond in 1852 as George (Huggins) Dollond 2; succeeded George (Huggins) Dollond 1 in 1856; took apprentices. London. J. Brown 2; Robischon.
DOLLOND, J., AND SON England, c.1752, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Telescopes = Soth. 10/17/60, D.(1973); Microscope = WHI; Octant, wood, with Telescope = P.C.(1978). John Dollond 1 and son, Peter. London. Whipple 1; RSW.
DOLLOND, JOHN 1 France; England, 1706-61, MIM NIM OIM PHIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums. French silk weaver; joined his son, Peter, in 1752; first to commercially produce achromatic lenses; F.R.S.; invented the splt objective micrometer; received the Copley medal. Spitalfields (1750-52); Golden Spectacles and Sea Quadrant, Exeter Exchange, Strand (1752); both in London. Taylor 2(164); Michel 3; Price 5; Dewhirst; Brewington 1; Daumas 1; Nachet; Gunther 6; G.L'E. Turner 24; Multhauf 1; Court and von Rohr 3(XX); J.A. Bennett 2; A.J. Turner 10; Robischon; RSW.
DOLLOND, JOHN 2 England, 1740-1804, MIM NIM OIM PHIM son of John Dollond 1; younger brother of Peter Dollond; admitted to the Spectaclemakers' Company on March 26, 1767 by redemption ; Master of the Spectaclemakers' Company, 1790 and 1792; partner of Peter Dollond from 1766 on; see Peter and John Dollond. 59 St. Paul's Churchyard (1766); Haymarket (1795); both in London. Daumas 1; Nachet; Clay and Court; J. Brown 1; Bedini 8; Court and von Rohr 3(181); Robischon.
DOLLOND, P. AND J. England, fl.1766-1820, MIM OIM PHIM Orreries = P.C., Christie 5/7/63;; Eckardt's Rolling Rules = Soth. 10/17/60, P.C. (1968); Telescopes = OXF (2); etc. Peter and John 2 Dollond; sons of John Dollond 1; "Opticians to His Majesty"; also made barometers. 59 St. Paul's Churchyard (1766); 35 Haymarket (1795); both in London. Taylor 2(469); Evans 1; RSW; Nachet; Daumas 1; Gunther 2; Goodison 1;
DOLLOND, PETER England, 1730-1820, MIM OIM PHIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums, including telescopes at RSM (1765), VCW, ARM (Kew mural quadrant and equatorial); barometers = Earl of Bute (1793) and English, Scottish and Australian Bank Ltd., London, etc.; sundial at MOS; compass at NMM; mariner's astrolabe at Gold and Silver Museum, Schoonhoven (NMM-53). oldest son of John Dollond 1; admitted as a foreign Brother to the Spectaclemakers' Company in 1755; took over William Gilbert 2 as an apprentice, July 4, 1769; in business for himself 1750-52 and 1761-66; "Optician to His Majesty and to His Royal Highness the Duke of York", 1763; his father joined him, 1752-61; see Dollond, Peter (continued).
DOLLOND, PETER (CONTINUED) nephew, George (Huggins) Dollond 1 was a partner, 1804-20, and succeeded him; T.C.; author; Warden of the Spectaclemakers' Company in 1772; Master of the Company in 1774, 1778 and 1799; took apprentices; John Dollond 2 was partner, 1766-1804. Vine Street, Spitalfields (1750); Golden Spectacles and Sea Quadrant, near Exeter Exchange, Strand (1752-63); at the Sign of the Prisms (1763); 59 St. Paul's Churchyard (1769-1820); 35 Haymarket (1784); all in London; Richmond Hills, Surrey. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(469); Brewington 1; Calvert 2; Nachet; Clay and Court; Chenekal 1; Chaldecott 1; Bryden 9; RSW; Crawforth 1; Purtle; Gunther 6; J. Brown 1; Court and von Rohr 3(155); J.A. Bennett 2; Robischon; A.J. Turner 10; A. Stimson 3.
DOLLOND, PETER AND GEORGE England, 1804-20, MIM OIM PHIM T.C. St. Paul's Churchyard, London. Calvert 2; Crawforth 1.
DOLLOND, THOMAS England, c.1770, NIM Compass = NMM. name covered by P. Dollond mark. RSW; NMM 2.
DOLLOND, WILLIAM England, post-1852, MIM NIM OIM Sextant = Soth. 2/25/86-123. instrument signed "Dollond London"; T.C.; "Mathematical and Optical Instrument Maker to Her Majesty"; perhaps son (or son-in-law, having changed his name) of George (Huggins) Dollond 1. 59 St.Paul's Churchyard, London. Moskowitz 2; RSW.
DOLLORD England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = K. and C. 3/19/75. misprinting for Dollond. London. RSW.
DOLON England, c.1780, OIM Telescope = ADL-M436. signed "Dolon à Londres"; probably a contemporary forgery. London. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
DOLOND England, OIM Telescope = Maria Mitchell Science Library, Nantucket, Mass. imitator of Dollond; "Day or Night." Daumas 1; RSW.
DOMBEY AND SON England, 19th Century, NIM Octant, ebony and ivory = WHI. could be retailers; arm marked "W. and T. Gilbert, London." London. Fitzgerald; Gunther 3; RSW.
DOMENECUS, M. Holland, 1770, MIM Napier's Bones, 1770 = P.C. sometimes spelled "Dominicus." Amsterdam. Wynter and Turner; RSW.
DOMET DU MONT France, fl.1801-23, OIM amateur maker of achromatic lenses. Nachet.
DOMINUIS, C.D. Holland, 18th Century, PHIM Barometer = Christie April, 1978. oak. The Hague. Mörzer Bruyns 2
DONALDSON AND SONS Scotland, c.1829, MIM Pair of Globes, 1829 = Phillips 11/16/88. published by Donaldson and Sons; engraved by W. and A.K. Johnston. South Niddry Street, Edinburgh. RSW.
DONALDSON, ALEXANDER Scotland, fl.1799-1830, MIM toolmaker; made globes. Cowgate (1799); South Niddry Street (1818-30); both in Edinburgh. Bryden 3.
DONALDSON, ALEXANDER, AND SON Scotland, fl.1831-55, MIM Alexander and his son John; globe makers and toolmakers. South Niddry Street, Edinburgh. Bryden 3.
DONALDSON, JOHN Scotland, c.1850, MIM son of Alexander Donaldson. South Niddry Street, Edinburgh. Bryden 3.
DONAUER see Donaverus. Zinner 1.
DONAVERUS painter Hans Danauer; on stone calendar by Andreas Pleninger. Zinner 1.
DONCKER, HENDRIK Holland, 1626-99, MIM NIM Cross-staff, 1698 = D.(1986). also made protractors; hydrographer. in de Nieuwbrugh Street, in't Stuurmans gereetschap, Amsterdam (1651-99). Rooseboom 1; Tooley; Wynter 1; Mörzer Bruyns 2.
DONDI, GIOVANNI DI Italy, 1318-80, MIM made the astrarium (astronomical clock); author; several models of the astrarium have been made, examples are at KEN, TIM, USNM, etc. Padua. Maddison and Bedini; Morpurgo 1 and 2; Baillie 1.
DONEGAN variant spelling for "Denegan". Bedini 1.
DONEGAN AND CO. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. 94 Holborn Hill, London. Goodison 1.
DONEGAN CO. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-PB pre-1980. London. RSW.
DONEGAN, F. England, c.1775, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 12/15/72. Leicester. RSW.
DONEGAN, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. may be Joseph Donegan. Goodison 1.
DONEGAN, JOSEPH England, fl.1830-35, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Lad Lane, Newcastle-under-Lyme. Taylor 2(1831); Goodison 1.
DONEGAN, L., AND CO. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. 3 Long Lane, London. Goodison 1.
DONEGAN, PETER England, c.1805, PHIM probably seller of barometers. 7 Union Court, Holborn, Lomdon. Goodison 1.
DONEGAN, PETER, AND CO. England, c.1805?, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Stick Barometer = X(2); Barometers = X. one stick barometer is signed "Peter Donegan and Co."; others signed "P. Donegan and Co."; may be dealer only. London. Goodison 1.
DONEGANI England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
DONEGANI, J. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. perhaps Joseph Donegan. Newcastle-under-Lyme. Goodison 1.
DONEGANI, SANTINO Italy, 18th Century, PHIM Barometer = FLO. Bonelli 1.
DONEGANY, JOSEPH Italy; USA, c.1785, PHIM made barometers and thermometers. Philadelphia, Pa.; 54 Smith Street, New York, N.Y. Bedini 1 & 8.
DONEVAN, P. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Donegan? London. Goodison 1.
DONI, CARLO Italy, pre-1761, MIM SIM Graphometer = FLO-619. Bonelli 1; Italian Inv.
DONKIN, B. England, 1768-1855, MIM Slide Rule = KEN; Rule = KEN. London. KEN.
DONN, BENJAMIN England, 1729-98, MIM NIM Gunter's Scales = Pannett Park Museum, Whitby, D.(1995). designed an improved Gunter's scale pre-1764 and wrote booklet about it; scales signed "Navigation Scale improved by B. Donn." Bideford (until 1766); The Library House, King Street, Bristol; The Academy, Kingston (1774). Taylor 2(470); Bryden 9; Moskowitz 103; Coffeen 51; RSW.
DONNAGE France, c.1810, PHIM Barometer, stick = D.(1996). Paris. AH Vol. 23.
DONNIGAN AND CO. England, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-Chester 2/2/84. RSW.
DONOSTADIUS see Simon Tunsted. Michel 3.
DOOLITTLE, ENOS USA, 1751-1806, MIM NIM SIM Circumferentor = P.C. made surveying and mariner's compasses; nephew of Isaac Doolittle 1. Chapel Street, Hartford, Conn. Bedini 1; Smart 1.
DOOLITTLE, ISAAC 1 USA, 1721-1800, MIM SIM made surveying instruments, etc; Bedini lists some of the family as clockmakers. New Haven, Conn. Bedini 1, 8 & 17; Smart 1.
DOOLITTLE, ISAAC 2 USA, 1759-1821, MIM NIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = Vermont Historical Society. 46 North Haven, New Haven, Conn. Bedini 1; Smart 1.
DOOLITTLE, JAMES USA, fl.1802-39, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = Chester Count Historical Society. son of Enos Doolittle. Hartford, Conn. Smart 1.
DOPPELMAYR AND PUSCHNER Germany, 1730, MIM Celestial Globe, 1730 = DRE. Nürnberg. RSW.
DOPPELMAYR, JOHAN GABRIEL Germany, 1671-1750, MIM Celestial Globes = WOL (1718), Würzburg University (1720), PRA (2)(1728), DRE (1736), DEU, NMM (2), Innsbruck Stift, Wilton, KRO; Terrestrial Globes = NMM, DRE (1730, 1736), Soth. 3/10/87 (1728); Terrestrial and Celestial Globe Gores, 1728 = Drouot 12/19/66; Pair of Globes = D.(1989); etc. "Mathem. Prof. Publ. Norib. exhibentur, concinnatus a Joh. Georg Puschnero Chalcographo Norib."; published a celestial atlas; translated Bion's book on instruments into German in 1717; had Georg Friedrich Brander as a pupil. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Horsky and Skopova; Stevenson; Drechsler 2; Globus Nov. 1954 and June 1962; NMM 2; A.J. Turner 10; Antiwue Collector May, 1989; RSW.
DORAL, D. ANTONIO Spain, c.1850, NIM Sighting Circle = MAN-I82. Garcia Franco 2.
DORING, HANS Poland, 1463-1470, MIM Astronomical Clock = Marien Church, Danzig. Danzig. Zinner 1.
DORMER, ROBERT see Dorner. Michel 3.
DORN, HANS Austria, c.1430-1509, MIM Astrolabes = BM (1491) (ICA-250), FLO (1483), KRA (1486) (ICA-642); Diptych Sundials = STU (1476), ADL-M288 (1476), OXF (1481), HAK; Celestial Globe, 1480 = KRA; Torquetum, 1486 = KRA. Dominican friar; studied with Peurbach in Vienna; BM astro- labe has nocturnal, compass on the back, it is the only signed instrument; the others are identified because of the delicate, intricate strap-work decoration; BM & FLO astro- labes were divided by transversal lines; KRA instruments were left to the University by Martin Bylica, an alumnus. Vienna. Zinner 1; Amiesenowa; Przypkowski 2; Price 1 and 3; Ward 4; Maddison 1; Gunther 1; Michel 3; Engelmann 1; Fox 1 and 2; A.J. Turner 10; ADL; RSW.
DORNER, I.M. Germany, MIM Horizontal Sundial = BUD; Floating Sundial = Drouot 4/7/87. Zinner 1; Lajos and Jozsef; RSW.
DORNER, P. AEGIDIUS Austria, 1652-1727, MIM may be "P.AE.D.P.K." signed on horizontal sundial at KRM. Rabenalt.
DORNER, ROBERT England; Italy, 1715, MIM Sundial, slate, 1715 = FLO. Florence. Bonelli 1; Michel 3.
DORNSTRAUCH, ADAMAS Germany?, 1677, MIM Mining Compass and Sundial, 1677 = P.C. (1677). it is also marked "M.F. 1677." RSW.
DORRINGTON England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Truro. Goodison 1.
DORSEY, PHILIP USA, fl.1793-1802, MIM NIM OIM Sign of Hadley's Quadrant and Compass-Card, corner of Queen and Thames Streets (1793); Fell's Point, 20 Queen Street; both in Baltimore, Md. Smart 1; USNM; Bedini 8; D.J. Warner 10.
DORSMAN, SALING Holland, 1750-1825, NIM Compass = AMST. Hoorn. Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2.
DOTTI, G. 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Bath. Goodison 1.
DOTTI, G. 2 England, c.1820, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-Pulborough 3/1/83. Carlisle. RSW.
DOTY AND BERGEN USA, c.1840, MIM Perpetual Calendar, volvelles = X. engraved calendar devised by L.H. Corson. 120 William Street, New York, N.Y. RSW.
DOU, JAN PIETERSZ. Holland, fl.1612-20, invented the Holland circle in 1612. Amsterdam. Bryden 9; Zinner 1; Daumas 1.
DOUBLET England, OIM Telescope, tripod = Peron et Corsy, Melun 6/10/79. see T. and H. Doublet. London. RSW.
DOUBLET, HANNAH England, c.1830, MIM NIM PHIM 14 Shepperton Place, New North Street, London. Taylor 2(1833).
DOUBLET, T. AND H. England, c.1830, MIM NIM OIM Transit Theodolite = Phillips 11/16/88; Telescope = Phillips 2/14/79; Microscope = Phillips 2/14/79; Pair of long Rules in cane = Soth.-B. 9/26/73; Magnetic Compass = Christie 12/16/69; Rule, ivory = D.; Rule = P.C.; Sextant = Bearnes 1/24/90. Thomas and Henry or Thomas and Hannah Doublet; sextant marked "for W. and E. Seagrove Portsea." 6 Moorgate Street, Bank; 48 City Road; Finsbury Square; all in London. RSW.
DOUBLETT, HENRY England, MIM may be the H. Doublett in T. and H. Doublett. London. Gilliland.
DOUBLETT, THOMAS England, c.1830, MIM see T. and H. Doublett. London. Gilliland.
DOUBLOTT, HANNAH see Hannah Doublet. Gilliland.
DOUGALL, J. Scotland, c.1778, MIM Kirkaldy. Evans 1; Bryden 3.
DOUGHTY England, PHIM Thermometer = TIM. on ivory base. 431 West Strand, London. RSW.
DOUGLAS, HOWARD England, c.1811, Sir Howard Douglas; patented a protractor for plane table use in 1811. Novokshanova-Soklovskaja; J.A. Bennett 2.
DOUGLAS, J. England, 1724, designed a surveying instrument called "The Infallible", in 1724. Gunther 2.
DOUGLAS, JAMES Scotland, fl.1788-93, OIM grandson and successor to Thomas Short. Calton Hill Observatory, Edinburg. Bryden 3.
DOULLON imitator of Dollond. Daumas 1.
DOULLY, JACQUES-ANTOINE CARLIER 1755, MIM Horizontal Sundial, slate, 1755 = X. Namur.
DOVER, A.W. England, fl.1890-1918, NIM Dip Needle Compass = Gilbert 8/27/76; Inclinometers = USNM (5). son of John Dover; T.C. Westwich Road, Charlton, Kent. Multhauf and Good; McConnell 3; RSW.
DOVER, JOHN England, 1824-81, NIM PHIM Inclinometer = USNM; Magnetometer = USNM; Dip Needle = Royal Greenwich Observatory, Cambridge. father of A.W. Dover; apprenticed to Thomas Charles Robinson; balance maker; exhibited a balance at the Great Exhibition of 1851, in London. 14 Little Street, London; Charlton, Kent. Multhauf and Good; Bryden 8; G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
DOVIKH, FEDOR see Fedor Dowich. Chenakal 1.
DOWICH, FEDOR Russia, fl.1788-95, MIM SIM Sundials = MOS (1795), MOS (2); Circumferentor, 1788 = MOS. Tula. Chenakal 1; Novokshanova-Soklovskaja.
DOWLER, D.T. England, NIM Sextant = D. RSW.
DOWLING England, c.1826, MIM tried to punch graduations and numerals on rules in one operation; probably William Dowling; which see. Delehar 9.
DOWLING, MICHAEL USA, 1790-1853, MIM SIM Surveyor's Compass = P.C. 158 Market Street, Newark, New Jersey. Smart 1.
DOWLING, ROBERT Ireland, fl.1830-33, OIM optician. 21 Lower Sackville Street (1830-31); 8 George's Quay (1832-33); both in Dublin. Bryden 9; Morrison-Low and Burnett.
DOWLING, WILLIAM England, fl.1822-29, MIM OIM PHIM Sundial = Soth. 12/8/69; Spyglass = D.(1968). T.C.; "working optician." Serle's Passage, West Gate, Lincoln"s Inn, London. Taylor 2(1538); Calvert 2; Clay and Court; Crawforth 1.
DOWNIE, J. Germany, c.1780, NIM Octant = FRK. Hamburg. Frank.
DOWNIE, THOMAS Germany, c.1827, NIM OIM PHIM Telescope = HAM; Marine Compass = HAM; Thermometer = MYS; Barometer = MYS. telescope marked `Day or Night'; T.C. in box of ADL-A168. No. 9 (or 19) Stebbinhur (or Stubbenhuk); Stuchvenhuk No. 9; both in Hamburg. ADL; RSW.
DOWNING England, see Kull and Downing. RSW.
DOWNING, SAMUEL England, c.1829, MIM rule maker; devised punch to mark gradations and numbers. Delehar 2.
DOYLE, WILLIAM England, 1815, MIM Stained-glass Sundial, 1815 = Blackheath, London. Daniels 1.
DRAGSTEDT, GUSTAF Sweden?, c.1775, MIM Pipping 1.
DRAKE, O.P. USA, fl.1846-55, MIM NIM PHIM Boston, Mass. USNM.
DRAKEFORD, DAVID England, c.1716, OIM apprenticed to George Bass in the Spectaclemakers' Company; free of the Company, 1716; worked with George Bass. Fleet Ditch, London. Robischon.
DRANCHIJ, FILIPPO AND DE HAVERI Italy, PHIM Pneumatic Machine = FLO-831. see Bianchi. Bonelli 1.
DRAPER AND KNOX USA, fl.1837-38, MIM SIM Edmund or George (his brother) Draper and Joseph Knox. 60 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa. Smart 1; Miller.
DRAPER, E.A. USA, see Edmund Draper. Miller.
DRAPER, EDMUND USA, 1805-82, MIM OIM SIM Surveyor's Compasses = Talbot County Historical Society, Md., P.C., USNM, William Penn Memorial Museum, Ohio Historical Society, Transit = P.C. first was partner with Benjamin Stancliffe as Stancliffe and Draper, 1830-33; worked alone 1833-38; thn he took Joseph Knox as a partner, see Draper and Knox; the Gurley Co. has repaired over thirty of his instruments; made his own dividing engine; T.C.; some of his small compasses were signed "E.A. Draper." 80 South Third Street (1833-37); 25 Pear Street, near Third below Walnut Street (1839-50); 22 Pear Street (1850-82); all in Philadelphia, Pa. Smart 1; USNM; Bedini 8; Miller; RSW.
DRAPER, EDWARD USA, fl.1838-53, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM possibly Edmund Draper. 25 Pear Street, Philadelphia, Pa. USNM.
DRAPER, GEORGE USA, c.1844, MIM brother of Edmund Draper who refused to recommend him for a job with the Coast Survey in 1844; may have been the Draper in Draper and Knox, 1837. 60 Dock, Philadelphia, PA. Miller.
DRAPER, MURRAY AND FAIRMAN USA, pre-1827, MIM Gideon Fairman. Philadelphia, Pa. Bedini 1.
DRAYCOTT, RICHARD England, c.1727, MIM apprenticed to John Gilbert 1 of the Grocers' Company on Sept. 1, 1727. J. Brown 1.
DREBBEL, CORNELIUS JACOBSZ Holland; England, 1572-1633, MIM OIM Globe, 1621 = James I of England; Microscope, 1619 = X. scholar who made a wide range of original instruments; invented baroscope; author; came to England in 1604-05 and was instrument maker to James I; made planetarium, etc; "Cor Drebel 1579" marked on diptych sundial, ADL-W236. Alkmaar; Eltham, Ipswich. Taylor 1(90); Rooseboom 1; Nachet; Zinner 1; Daumas 1; Dawson 207; Tooley; Michel 22; A.J. Turner 10; ADL; RSW.
DRECHSEL, CHRISTOPH Germany, 1611, MIM Equatorial Sundial, 1611 = DRE. surely Christoph Trechsler. Dresden. Lübke.
DRECHSLER Germany, c.1850, MIM Celestial Globe = DRE. date on label wrong for Trechsler. Dresden. RSW.
DRECHSLER, E. Austria, PHIM Stick Barometer = D.(1975). Vienna. RSW.
DRECHSLER, GEORG Germany, fl.1775-82, MIM Analemmatic Sundial, case = PMM; Bloud-type Sundial = PMM. installed Herschel telescopes at Lilienthal, 1782. Hannover. Zinner 1; Daumas 1.
DREEVEN, J.J. VAN Holland, OIM Microscope, base only = UTR. Nijmegen. Van Cittert 3.
DRESSLER Czechoslovakia, c.1841, PHIM Barometrograph = KEN. the barometrograph was designed in 1841 by Karl Kreil of Prague and used at the Kew Observatory in 1845. Prague. KEN; Middleton 1.
DREUX, S.T. France, c.1585, see Thibault. Higgens 3.
DREW, HENRY Scotland, fl.1730-38, MIM clockmaker. Glasgow. Bryden 3.
DRIELENBURG, JACOB Holland, 1656, PHIM Coin Balance, box, 1656 = Soth. 4/18/88. many weights stamped "I.D." (2). Amsterdam. RSW.
DRIESSENS, P. France, 1828, MIM Tellurian, 1828 = Yale U., New Haven, Conn. Paris? Yonge.
DRING AND FAGE England, fl.1790-1940, MIM NIM PHIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums, including PEA, WHI, NMM, KEN, RSM, etc. T.C.; John Dring and William Fage; used fouled anchor with D and F on either side as mark on ivory scales; "Hygrometer Makers to His Majesty's Honourable Board of Excise." 6 Tooley Street, London Bridge, Borough, Southwark (1792-96); 248 Tooley Street, Southwark (1796-1804); 20 Tooley Street, Southwark (1804-44); 19-20 Tooley Street, Southwark (1846-60); 145 The Strand (1883-1902); 56 Stamford Street, S.E. (1903-38); all in London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(958); Calvert 2; Brewington 1; Dewhirst; Clay and Court; Price 12; Whipple 1; NMM 2; Brieux 3; KEN; Crawforth 1; RSW; Moskowitz 103; Coffeen 58; Clifton 1.
DRING AND FAGE AND CO. England, c. 1850, PHIM Edward Hall and Edward Jenkin; appointed Hydrometer and Saccharometer Makers to the Board of Inland Revenue, 1850. 19 and 20 Tooley Street, London Bridge, Londn. McConnell 4.
DRING, JOHN England, fl.1784-90, MIM freed by Patrimony, 1780, possibly in the Feltmakers' Company; worked with William Fage, 1790 on, as Dring and Fage, which see; produced ivory scales for octants, etc.; signed "I.D." (2), which see. 4 Albion Place, Walworth (1784-90); Gracechurch Street; both in London. Mörzer Bruyns 1; Moskowitz 122; Coffeen 15; Clifton 1; RSW.
DRING, THOMAS England; USA; England, fl.1786-98, MIM NIM PHIM Barometer, 1796 = Chester County Historical Society, Pa. optician; clockmaker. West Chester, Pa. (1786-98). Bedini 1 & 8.
DRIVER England, PHIM balance maker; apprenticed to Mr. Vandome; see Bastick and Driver. Calvert 2.
DROOGTE, GROOTE Holland, c.1830, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth. 12/17/87. Amsterdam. RSW.
DROSCHEL see Troschel; another variant is Droschell. Gouk 1.
DRUNCKER, H. Germany?, 1611, MIM Diptych Sundial, oval, ivory, 1611 = P.C. RSW.
DRURY, JAMES England, c.1714, member of the Clockmakers' Company; James Rowley (MIM) was turned over to him by Thomas Woods in 1714. London. J. Brown 3.
DRURY, JEREMIAH England, c.1616, MIM he and John Harper worked with William Pratt to obtain a patent for Pratt's 'Arithmeticall Jewell', in 1616. A.J. Turner 10.
DRURY, STEPHEN USA, fl.1788-1809, MIM also made clocks; took David Moritz as an apprentice, c.1802. Huntingdon County, Pa. James W. Gibbs.
DRURY, WILLIAM 1 England, c.1761, MIM apprenticed to John Urings 2 in the Joiners' Company on Aug. 18, 1761; might be William Drury 2, which see. Crawforth 7.
DRURY, WILLIAM 2 England, fl.1769-74, MIM may be the same as William Drury 1, which see. Dale Street (1769); North Side Old Dock (1772); both in Liverpool. Bryden 9; Crawforth 7.
DRYANDER, JOHANNES Germany, c.1500-60, expert instrument designer; "Cylindri usus et canones", 1543, is first known description of a portable cylinder sundial; Johann Eichmann, M.D. RSW.
DRYDEN, JOHN England, Water Clock = X; Garden Sundial, 1677 = D.(1996). water clock is modern work; sundial looks like Pearson Page work, has long motto. Coventry. MAD, April, 1996; RSW.
DRYER, C. USA, c.1850, PHIM made thermometers and clocks. Louisville, Ky. USNM.
DU BOIS, A. Belgium, NIM T.C. in sextant box, OMM. Antwerp. RSW.
DU BUC see Buc, du.
DU PONT France, 1580, MIM Horizontal Sundial inside watch lid = P.C.; Sundial in watch = Bernal Sale. Baillie thought about 1650. Castres. Benson; Baillie 1.
DUBARY France, c.1810, MIM PHIM SIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 7/21/83; Graphometer = P.C. barometer signed "Dubarry Selon Toricelli". Dijon. Brieux 2; RSW.
DUBAS France, c.1850, NIM Octant, night = NMM-S.84; Octant = PMM; Sextant = D.(1985). "breveté." Nantes. Coffeen 11; RSW.
DUBINI 1 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. 8 North Place, Brunswick Place (London). Goodison 1.
DUBINI 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. 25 Little College Street, West Camdentown (London). Goodison 1.
DUBINI, L. England, c.1815, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth. 12/17/87. Cross Street, Hatton Garden, London. RSW.
DUBINI, PETER England, fl.1832-60, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. also spelled Duhum and Dulbini (?). 11 Beauchamp Street (1832-33); 12 Beauchamp Street (1836); both in Leather Lane; 47 Red Lion Street (1853-60); all in London. Goodison 1.
DUBOIA France, MIM Butterfield-type Sundial = OXF. possibly owner, engraving is different; may be misreading for Dubois. Paris. RSW; Soth. 2/28/80.
DUBOIN France, 18th Century, see Dubois. Paris. Nachet.
DUBOIS France, fl.1771-74, MIM OIM PHIM SIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums, including ADL, ROM, FLO, COR, NMM, etc. Aux Génies, Paris. Daumas 1; Michel 3; Bonelli 1 and 4; Nachet; Italian Inv.; Frank; Wynter 1; Courtanvaux; A.J. Turner 10; ADL; RSW.
DUBOIS, FREDERIC WILLIAM Switzerland, 1811-69, MIM Frédéric William Dubois; made several astronomical clocks. Le Locle. Baillie 1.
DUBOIS, HENNON France, c.1800, invented a type of surveying instrument for triangulation; it was made by Charles Mercklein. Libert et Castor 4/28/82; RSW.
DUBOSCQ, JULES France, 1817-86, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Heliostats = WHI, Versailles 11/20/83, USNM; Microscopes = AMH, UTR, Versailles 11/20/83; Prism = La Rochelle 7/16/83; Goniometer = Soth. 3/10/87; Polariscope = USNM; etc. "ingénieur, gendre et successeur de Soleil, opticien du Roy", 1849; "Appareil Breveté S.G.D.G."; also pupil and son-in-law of Soleil; traded as Duboscq- Soleil, which see; T.C.; took Ph. Pellin as a partner in 1883, until 1886 when Pellin took over. 21, rue de l'Odéon au fond de la Cour, Paris (1849-83). USNM; Calvert 2; Bonelli 1; Brieux 3; Fitzgerald; Paris 1900; Belgian Inv.; Van Cittert 3; G.L'E. Turner 24; Warner 13; RSW.
DUBOSCQ, L.J. France, c.1850, OIM perhaps related to Jules Duboscq. 21 Rue de l'Odéon, Paris. USNM.
DUBOSCQ, TH. AND A. France, c.1883, PHIM J.W. Queen announced they were sole agents for the above; may have been disgruntled sons of Jules Duboscq. Paris. Warner 13.
DUBOSCQ-SOLEIL, J. France, 1851-75, PHIM Solar Polariscope and Fresnel Press = Brown U., Providence, RI.; Saccharimeter = College of Charlston, SC; Fresnel Press = U. of Virginia; Cyanopolarimeter = Columbia College (University); etc. "J. Duboscq-Soleil Brete S.G.D.G." Paris. Warner 13.
DUBOSE France, MIM SIM Graphometer = P.C. RSW.
DUBOSQ, G. France, c.1831, PHIM Polaiscope = FRK-M328. polariscope; possibly J. Dubosq. Paris. Frank; G.L'E. Turner 24.
DUBOSQ, PROSPER EDMOND France, MIM SIM Surveying Square = P.C. RSW.
DUBOSQ-SOLEIL, J. France, c.1850, OIM Microscopes = UTR, STM. surely Jules Duboscq. 35 Rue de l'Odéon, Paris. Van Cittert 3; G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
DUBY, C. France, 1724, MIM Horizontal Sundial, round, lead, 1724 = Schuhmann Sale. Estavage. RSW.
DUCHAFFAT, A. see Chaffat, a. du. RSW.
DUCHASSAR, A. see Chaffat, a. du. RSW.
DUCHEMIN, EMILE France, 19th Century, NIM Compass Rose = AMST. Paris. Mörzer Bruyns.
DUCHER alternative spelling is Tucher.
DUCHER, CHRISTOPH Germany, 1582-1632, MIM member of the compass makers' guild; became a pedlar. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
DUCHER, H. Germany, MIM Polyhedral Sundial, octagonal, compass on top = DRE. RSW.
DUCHER, HANNS Germany, fl.1600-09, MIM Sundial in watch case, 1600 = ADL-M287; Mining Compass, 1609 = ADL-M173. ADL-M173 is signed "hanns ducher faci eh badt 1609"; ADL-M287 is signed "hanns ducher 1600"; punchmark is orb; Zinner confused him with Hans Ducher (Tucher), the ivory diptych sundial maker. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
DUCHER, HANS 1 Germany, fl.1537-50, MIM made ivory diptych sundials; Master in 1537; Ducher used a serpent as a mastermark; one of his sundials, signed "H.D." (2), is at OXF. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Gouk 1.
DUCHER, HANS 2 Germany, fl.1557-1615, MIM Diptych Sundials, ivory = OXF (1560, 1567), MERC-68 (1576) = Soth. 12/12/55. became master in 1557; made ivory diptych sundials dating from 1560-97; hard to tell his work apart from Hans Ducher 3, his son, when their dates overlap; see H.D. 2. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Evans 1; Gouk 1; Hamilton 1 and 2.
DUCHER, HANS 3 Germany, 1549-1632, MIM Diptych Sundials, ivory = P.C. (1569), ADL-W20, ADL-DPW30, BM (5), UTO 11/2/76, Christie-G 5/3/86, WHI (1567), OXF (1578), (1588), Huelsmann Coll. (1580); Cube Sundial, brass, 1581 = WHI. son of Hans Ducher 2; Master in 1580; made ivory diptych and brass sundials dating from 1569-1621; some of the dials prior to 1597 may be by Hans Ducher 2; used both plain and spotted snakes as mastermarks; sometimes signed "H.D." (2), or "Hans Tucher" (OXF, 1588, signed as the latter), which see; see H.T. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Bryden 16; Price 3; Ward 4; Engelmann 1; Gouk 1; Syndram; ADL; RSW.
DUCHER, HANS CHRISTOPH Germany, 1584-post-1656, MIM member of Compassmakers' Guild; became a city wait. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
DUCHER, JORG Germany, c.1490, MIM became Master compass maker in 1490; probably made ivory diptych sundials. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Gouk 1.
DUCHER, JOSEF Germany, 1614-44, MIM Diptych Sundials, ivory, = STU (1641), OXF (1642), OXF, WHI, Drecker Coll. = DPW. bird flying to left was his punchmark; several sundials with this punchmark are in the Huelsmann Coll. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Gouk 1; Syndram; Bryden 16.
DUCHER, JOSEPH PLUMEN Germany, 1642, MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory, 1642 = Phillips 10/20/82. "Angst und Kumer ist aler menschen Driwsal"; probably same as Joseph Ducher. Nürnberg. RSW.
DUCHER, KATHARINA Germany, fl.1530, MIM compass maker. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
DUCHER, THEODOR Germany, c.1600, MIM Diptych Sundial, 1600 = X. compass maker. Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
DUCHER, THOMAS 1 Germany, 1590-1645, MIM Diptych Sundials, ivory = OXF (1620), HAK. son of Hans Ducher 2; Master in 1613; a snake is the mastermark; see T.D.; HAK is signed "Thomas Tucher"; Bryden thinks there are two unsigned diptych sundials at WHI by this maker. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Gouk 1; Syndram; Bryden 16; RSW.
DUCHER, THOMAS 2 Germany, 1683, MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory, 1683 = NOR. Nürnberg. RSW.
DUCOMMUN, FRANCOIS France, 1763-1839, MIM Tellurian Clocks = CHF (1817), MIS, P.C., D.(1965); Universal Ring Sun Dials = P.C. (2). François Ducommun-dit-Boudry. La Chaux-de-Fonds. NMM 2; RSW. Britten; Baillie 1; Musée d'Horlogerie.
DUCOMMUN-DIT-BOUDRY see François Ducommun.
DUCOMMUN-DIT-TINNON, DANIEL France, 1728, wrote of making sundials, 1728. La Chaux-de-Fonds. RSW; DRE Notes, 1973.
DUDIER, HANS Germany, 1578, MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory, 1578 = BASH. the cover is 14th century work. Augsburg. Tardy.
DUDLEY England, PHIM Barometer = D.(1970). RSW.
DUDLEY, JOHN England, c.1731, apprenticed to John Farmer 2 in the Joiners' Company, Dec. 14, 1731. Crawforth 7.
DUDLEY, ROBERT England; Italy, 1573-1649, Sir Robert Dudley; author, invented several instruments including a mariner's astrolabe (1596), an azimuth sundial, etc.; examples are in BM and FLO; exiled from England and went to Florence. London; Florence. Taylor 1(92); Bonelli 1; Michel 3, Boffito; Price 3; Italian Inv.; Ward 4; A. Stimson 3; G.L'E. Turner 24.
DUDMAN, T. England, NIM Sextant, ebony and ivory = Star of India Maritime Museum, San Diego, Cal. London. RSW.
DUDUICT, JACQUES France, fl.1599-1645, author; invented a sciatere (quadrant) to lay out sundials. Blois. Baillie 1; Zeitlin and Ver Brugge 219.
DUFFEY, JAMES P. USA, fl.1844-57, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM also made chemical and engineering instruments. Philadelphia, Pa. USNM.
DUFOUR France, MIM Terrestrial Globe = P. and S. 11/21/1894. Paris. Evans 1; RSW.
DUFOUR, H. France, 18th Century, MIM Sundials, oval, silver = OXF, Strozzi; Butterfield-type Sundial, silver = Drouot 2/18/23; Sundial = AMST. Blois. Evans 1; Mörzer Bruyns 1; RSW.
DUGGLEBY, W. England, c.1850, PHIM barometer maker. Kirkby Moorside. Loomes 1.
DUGLAS, JACQUES France, NIM Compass Rose = D.(1972). Honfleur. Brieux 3.
DUGUE France, c.1620, MIM Sundial in watch = Ilbert Coll. Dugué; Duguet? Paris. Baillie 1.
DUHAMEL 1 France, 18th Century, MIM OIM Sectors = Soth. 12/12/55, Huelsmann Coll., Koller May, 1966; Sundial = Drouot 11/14/68; Folding Rule = Koller May, 1966; Set of Drawing Instruments, case = DEU. made lenses and Butterfield-type sundials. Paris. Michel 1 and 3; Evans 1; Nachet; Wheatland 2; Syndram; RSW.
DUHAMEL 2 Germany, MIM De Roias Sundial = DEU-1695. DuHamel. Munich. Price 2; RSW.
DUHAMEL, CLEMENT France; USA, 1818-86, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Surveying Compass = P.C.; Augsburg-type Sundials = P.C., D.; Telescope = USNM. optician. 111 Canal Street, New Orleans, La. Smart 1; USNM; Price 2; RSW.
DUHIM England, c.1832-33, see Dubini. London. Goodison 1.
DUHRE, GABRIEL OSTEN Sweden, fl.1763-81, MIM apprenticed to C.H. Westberg. Stockholm. Pipping 1.
DUJARDIN, FELIX France, 1801-68, designed a microscope. Nachet.
DULAC France, c.1607, invented a protractor with sundial and two movable arms; made by Vernie. Hamilton 2; Whipple 1.
DULBINI England, c.1836, see Dubini. London. Goodison 1.
DULNIG, J. Germany, c.1820, MIM Astrolabe = Bleiberg. Bleiberg. Kirnbauer 2.
DULOULIN France, 1845, MIM Analemmatic Sundial, glass and metal, case, 1845 = Cincinnati Museum of Natural History. "Cadran solaire analemmatique", 15"X12". RSW.
DULTON AND SMITH England, 1828, PHIM Set of Inspector's Standard Weights and Measures, 1828 = Phillips 10/26/83. London. RSW.
DUMAYNE CADET Switzerland, NIM Mariner's Compass = Koller May, 1966. Lausanne. RSW.
DUMONT D'URVILLE France, c.1830, NIM Artificial Horizon = PMM. RSW.
DUMOTIEZ France, c.1780, MIM OIM PHIM Sector = PEA; Barometers = FLO (2); Microscope = CNAM; Augsburg-type Sundial = P. et J. Martin, Versailles 11/18/79; Electrometer = GEM. one or the other of the Dumotiez frères. Rue du Jardinet, no. 2; Rue Saint-André-des-Arts, both in Paris. Brewington 1; Bonelli 1; Daumas 1; Moreau; A.J. Turner 10; USNM.
DUMOTIEZ FRERES France, fl.1784-1815, PHIM Hydrostatic Balance = P.C.; Air Pump = USNM. Dumotiez Frères were Louis Joseph and Pierre François; succeeded by Nicholas Constant Pixii, 1815. Rue du Jardinet; St André-des Arts; both in Paris. Multhauf 1; USNM; Brewington 1; Daumas 1; Brieux 3; G.L'E. Turner 24; RSW.
DUMOTIEZ, LOUIS JOSEPH France, b.1757; fl.1784-1815, PHIM see Dumotiez Frères. Rue du Jardinet, Paris (1784). Daumas 1; NMM 2; G.L'E. Turner 24.
DUMOTIEZ, PIERRE FRANCOIS France, fl.1784-1815, PHIM Pierre François Dumotiez; see Dumotiez Frères. Rue du Jardinet, Paris (1784). Daumas 1; NMM 2; G.L'E. Turner 24.
DUNBARR USA, 1795, MIM Philadelphia, Pa. or Maryland or South Carolina. Prime; USNM.
DUNCAN 1 Scotland, see William Duncan.
DUNCAN 2 England, c.1781, MIM Zakhorloge = X. might be John Duncan 1. London. Mörzer Bruyns; Clarke et al.
DUNCAN, JOHN 1 England, fl.1828-34, OIM 4 King David Lane, London. Taylor 2(1835); O'Mara.
DUNCAN, JOHN 2 Scotland, pre-1856, OIM Microscope = D.(1981). Aberdeen. Moskowitz 122.
DUNCAN, WILLIAM Scotland, fl.1841-49, MIM OIM PHIM Stick Barometer = X; Microscope = CRI = RSM; Level = RSM. microscope signed "W. Duncan, Aberdeen"; barometer signed "Duncan 92 Union Street, Aberdeen." 46 Dee Street (1841); 92 Union Street (1842-49); both in Aberdeen. Goodison 1; Bryden 3; Nachet; Gunther 2; Clarke et al.
DUNDAS see Melville, Dundas and Whitson.
DUNGAN, L. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Soth.-S 4/24/87. Newcastle. RSW.
DUNKEN, THOMAS England, c.1830, MIM apprenticed to William Gilbert of the Grocers' Company, March 4, 1830. J. Brown 1.
DUNN 1 England, pre-1794, NIM Sextant, rosewood = Leigh and Soth. 4/10/1794-65. possibly Samuel Dunn. RSW.
DUNN 2 Scotland, PHIM Marine Barometer = X; Theodolite = FRK = RSM. may be John 2 or Thomas Dunn. Edinburgh. Goodison 1; Clarke et al.
DUNN, JOHN 1 England, c.1758, MIM apprenticed to John Parminter 1 of the Grocers' Company on May 17, 1751; free of the Company on June 6, 1758. J. Brown 1.
DUNN, JOHN 2 Scotland, fl.1824-43, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Level = RSM; Theodolite = Soth. 6/23/87; Graphometer, 1827 = Soth. 2/25/86 = RSM; Pyrometer = RSM; Magnetic Survey Compass = RSM; Transit for chronometer adjustment = RSM. T.C.; made an improved air pump; older brother of Thomas Dunn; protractor, thermometer and telescope = Nisbet 4/4/1860; probably made barometer signed "Dunn Edinburgh"; RSM graphometer also marked "invt et fecit." 7 West Bow (1824); 25 Thistle Street (1825-27); 52 Hanover Street (1828-31); Sign of the Gilded Globe, 50 Hanover Street 1832-42; all in Edinburgh; 157 Buchanan Street (1840); 28 Buchanan Street (1841); both in Glasgow. Goodison 1; Calvert 2; Bryden 3; Taylor 2(1542); Clay and Court; Darius 3; Chaldecott 3; RGO; R.G.W. Anderson 1; Clarke et al; RSW.
DUNN, MICHAEL 1813, MIM Evans 1.
DUNN, SAMUEL England, 1723-94, MIM NIM designed an orrery within an armillary sphere, pre-1780; improved azimuth compass and Hadley's quadrant. Crediton, Devon (-1751); Ormond House, Chelsea; Brompton Park, near Kensington (1763); 6 Clement's Inn, near Temple Bar (1774); 8 Maiden Lane, Covent Garden (1774); 1 Boar's Head Court, Fleet Street (1780-94); all in London. Taylor 2(348); RSW.
DUNN, THOMAS Scotland, fl.1818-67, MIM OIM PHIM SIM Pantograph = Soth. 7/4/66; Telescopic Levels (2) = RSM; Stick Barometer = Soth. 2/4/77; Box Sextant, 1842 = Exhibit,"1000 Years of Navigation", Brussels, 1979; Calendar, elapsed-time, circular = P.C.; "Improved Pantograph" = RSM; Theodolite = P.C.(1987); Surveyor's Compass = P.C.(1987); Transit, incomplete = RSM. worked with his brother, John Dunn 2, 1825-43; succeeded him, 1843-67; T.C.; in the London Exhibition of 1851; RSM transit marked "Edinburgh"; designed an accounting slide rule in 1818. Glasgow (c.1818); 50 Hanover Street, Edinburgh (1843-67). Taylor 2(1542); Goodison 1; Bryden 1; Delehar 2 and 9; Clarke et al; RSW.
DUNNETT see Jack Dunning. A.J. Turner 10.
DUNNING, JACK England, fl.1674-78, MIM OIM may have been an apprentice of Richard Reeves 1; member of the Spectaclemakers' Company; a Turner; had John Marshall 2 as an apprentice in the Turners' Company; made tubes for telescopes. Charing Cross, London. Taylor 1(373); Evans 1; Crawforth 6; A.J. Turner 10.
DUNOD, CLAUDE France; Germany, 1672-1716, MIM Mechanical Equatorial Sundials = HAK (1711 1713 1714), DUS (1714), MERC = WHI (1713), NYM (1714), OXF (1716), NYC, KRM, Freiburg i Breisgau Museum, KRE, etc. of French origin; an early maker of the mehanical equatorial sundial; some of these dials have cams to set the latitude. Burgundy; Munich (1678-95); Düsseldorf (1711-16). Zinner 1; Bryden 16; Michel 1 and 3; Nachet; Whipple 1; Art.; Chandler and Vincent; Gunther 6; Rabenalt; Belgian Inv.; Brieux 3; RSW; W. Eckhardt 3.
DUNSCOMBE AND HUSBANDS England, pre-1876, MIM OIM PHIM SIM M.W. Dunscombe and H. Husbands. Bristol. Bryden 9.
DUNSCOMBE, M.W. England, c.1855, MIM OIM PHIM SIM apprenticed to John Braham in 1855; succeeded him. Bristol. Bryden 9.
DUNSFORD, JAMES N. England, c.1830, OIM Fore Street, Devonport. Taylor 2(1836).
DUNSTON, PAUL England, c. 1695, MIM apprenticed to Simon Chapman of the Clockmakers' Company on June 24, 1687 for eight years. J. Brown 3.
DUPEE, JOHN USA, 1729-1773, MIM NIM SIM Backstaves 1764 = X (1753), Kelton Coll. (1764)(1990); Octants = PEA (1755), X (1760); Surveyor's Compasses, wood = Bostonian Society, South Natick Historical Society, P.C., Andover Historical Society, Mass., etc. father was a French Huguenot; PEA quadrant made for Patrick Montgomerie; made nautical compasses. North Side of Swing Bridge, Boston, New Eng. Bedini 1; Smart 1; Taylor 2(472); USNM; Brewington 1; Price 2; American Neptune, Jan. 1975; D.J. Warner 8, 10 and 12; RSW.
DUPRA France, c.1770, PHIM worked 18 years for the Abbé Nollet. Paris. Daumas 1.
DUPRESSOIR, C. France, c.1850, MIM SIM Mining Compass, box = P.C.(1987). succeeded Baraban. rue St. Honoré, 175, Paris. RSW.
DUPRESSOIR, J.P.H. France, MIM Planetarium on clock = MLL. Paris. RSW.
DUPUIS, JEAN France, 17th Century, MIM SIM Theodolite, wood = ROU-207; Theodolite, elaborate = CNAM; Astronomical Clock = ROU-260. Paris. Michel 3; Nachet.
DUQUET France, c.1733, devised a water clock. Baillie 1.
DUREN USA, see Henry Duren, Alder and Duren, Bassnet and Duren, Duren and Alder, Duren and Castigan, Duren and Mediger. New York, N.Y. RSW.
DUREN AND ALDER USA, T.C.; dealers in nautical instruments. 20 Burling Slip, New York, N.Y. RSW.
DUREN AND CASTIGAN USA, NIM Sextants = Mystic Seaport, Conn.(2). New York, N.Y. RSW.
DUREN AND MEDINGER USA, c.1850, T.C.; dealers in chronometers. 20 Burling Slip, New York, N.Y. RSW.
DUREN, HENRY USA, fl.1852-61, MIM NIM PHIM Quadrants = P.C., MYS; Octants = Whaling Museum, Nantucket, Mass., Newport Historical Society, R.I.; Sextants = MYS (2). "S.B.R." signed on ivory scale of P.C. quadrant; "Importer"; may have made some instruments; machinist, 1860; nautical instrument maker, 1861; name stamped on a Spencer & Co. sextant at ADL; American agent for James Bassnett. 39 Burling Slip, opposite Fulton Ferry, one door from South Street, New York, N.Y. Brewington 1; USNM; Moskowitz 104; ADL; RSW.
DUREN, T. USA, c.1860, NIM Octant, ebony, case = D. probably a misreading; H. Duren T.C. in lid of box. New York, N.Y. RSW.
DURER, ALBRECHT Germany, 1471-1528, Altitude Sundials, round = WRAY, NYM, ADL-T4. the sundials listed are all modern work, probably by D.B. Sheahan; Dürer designed sundials which are shown in his book on perspective; artist; author. Nürnberg. Lübke; Zinner 1; Baillie 1; Kurz; ADL; RSW.
DURHAM, W. see William Derham. Aked.
DURINGER see Döring. Evans 1.
DURKEE, C.D., AND CO. USA, NIM Boxed Dry Compass = MYS. New York, N.Y. RSW.
DURN see Duru. Evans 1.
DUROD, CLAUDE see Claude Dunod. Smith.
DURONI AND CO. Italy, MIM Set of Drawing Instruments = Christie-SK 12/1/83. German work, so Duroni and Co. probably dealers. Milan. RSW.
DURRAN, JAMES HOPKINS England, fl.1832-54, PHIM advertised thermometers and barometers. Banbury. Beeson.
DURROCH, W.F. England, c.1850, OIM Microscopes = Christie-SK 3/4/82, Soth. 9/20/83. Soth. one signed "H. Durroch." 28 St. Thomas's Street, Borough, London. RSW.
DURU France, 1717, MIM Sundial, in wooden box, 1717 = P. and S. 3/20/1896 = P. and S. 5/19/1896. might be Durn. RSW.
DURU, L., ET FILS France, OIM Telescopic Level = Melun 4/24/83. Bordeaux. RSW.
DUTCH, HENRY D. USA, fl.1841-42, MIM NIM PHIM Boston, Mass. USNM.
DUTRO France, c.1850, MIM SIM Y-Level = P.C. (1987); Mining Dial = P.C. (1987). the instruments are signed "Dutro Fabt." Bould. St. Germain, 94, Paris. RSW.
DUTTON AND SMITH England, c.1815, PHIM Apothecary Balance = D. "Scale Makers, late apprentice and foreman to Vincent and Co., London Bridge." 248 Tooley Street, near London Bridge, London. Coffeen II.
DUTTON, HENRY England, c.1666, misreading for Henry Sutton? Evans 1.
DUTTON, MATTHEW England, fl.1779-1800, MIM free of the Clockmakers' Company in 1779; Master of the Company, 1800. London. Robischon.
DUTTON, RICHARD England, fl.1663-82, MIM probably a sundial maker. Sign of the Dial, Holborn, London. Taylor 1(296); Evans 1.
DUVAHN, CARL Sweden; Denmark; Sweden, fl.1845-86, MIM Lund (1845-49); Copenhagen (1849-); Lund (-1886). Pipping 1.
DUVAL France, c.1680, MIM NIM Horizontal Sundial = SPI; Marine Compass, 1680 = SPI. made table sundials with bubble levels; Pierre Duval? Paris. Michel 3; Nachet; Ernst.
DUVAL, PIERRE France, 1618-83, wrote treatise on the sphere. Michel 3.
DUYSTER, J.J. Holland, 1761-1813, MIM Rotterdam (c.1806). Daumas 1.
DWYER, R.O. Canada, c.1790, NIM Sextant = Royal Ontario Museum. St. Johns, Newfoundland. USNM.
DYAS, Y°. Portugal, fl.1614-28, NIM Mariner's Astrolabes = Museo de las Casas Reales, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (16?9) (NMM-40), Dept. of Culture, St. John's, Newfoundland (1628) (NMM-44), Christie-NY 6/14/88 (Atocha)(1614)(NMM-60) = Museo de Marinha, Lisbon. thought to be Joa~o Dias; the small "o" is directly over the "Y"; NMM is the National Maritime Museum Registry of Mariner's Astrolabes. Stimson 3.
DYER, SAMUEL England, c.1696, MIM apprenticed to Walter Henshaw of the Clockmakers' Company on March 3, 1696. J. Brown 3.
DYSON, JOHN England, c.1695, MIM apprenticed by turnover to Peter Collins of the Clockmakers' Company on Oct. 25, 1687; free of the Company, April 1, 1695. J. Brown 3.
E. Germany, C.1700, MIM Compass Sundial, bone and brass = D.(1991). signed on the brass chapter ring. Coffeen 35.
E.A. 1 Germany, 1580, MIM Gun Sight, 1580 = DRE-546. Drechsler 2.
E.A. 2 MIM Vertical Sundial, silver = LOS. in the shape of a cross; pin missing; also marked "Crux Victoria" and "SCT II ODA RKI". RSW.
E.A.M. Germany, 1718, MIM Ring Sundial, 1718 = Gymnasium, Linz. Zinner 1.
E.B. * N.L. 1732, MIM NIM Cross-staff, 1732 = Mystic Seaport, Conn. marked on one side only. RSW.
E.B. 1 England, 1625, MIM Sector, 1625 = BM-1880/8/20-17. Taylor 1(150); Price 3; Ward 4.
E.B. 2 MIM Cube Sundial, stone = NOR. RSW.
E.B. AND R. France, c.1849, PHIM Aneroid Barometer = PEA. E. Burdon and Richards. Paris. Brewington 1.
E.C. England, 1701, MIM OIM Compass Sundial, ivory, 1701 = D.(1984); Compass Sundial, brass, 1701 = ADL-W255; Microscopes = D.(pre-1950), Soth. 10/3/88. compass papers printed " E.C. fecit 1701"; surely Edmund Culpeper 1; Soth. microscope has shagreen case. Moskowitz 130; Clay and Court; Weil 2(2); ADL; RSW.
E.E. England, c.1560, MIM Ring Sundial = Evans Coll. = OXF. probably Epiphanius Evesham; seal has pineapple and "A.P." Earle; RSW.
E.F. England, MIM Napier's Bones, wood = OXF. perhaps Edward Fage. RSW.
E.F.H. England, 1735, MIM Analemmatic Sundial, 1735 = Soth. 10/27/69. RSW.
E.H. 1 France, 1659, MIM Astrolabe, 1659, steel = NMM-Caird. Michel 3; MADEX.
E.H. 2 see Erasmus Habermel.
E.I. England, MIM Gunter's Quadrant = P.C. lunar volvelle and calendar. RSW.
E.I.C. England, MIM Gunter's Scale = ADL-W146. East India Company; marked "4 E.I.C."; see Chrichton 2. ADL; RSW.
E.J. OIM Spyglass, miniature = FRK. Frank.
E.L.B. PHIM Spring Balance = Soth. 7/29/69. RSW.
E.M.G. OIM Telescope = Ships of the Sea Museum, Savannah, Ga. owner? RSW.
E.M.P. Germany, 1630, MIM Table Sundial, 1630 = INN. Zinner 1.
E.P. England, pre-1800, NIM Octant = MYS. the scale on the octant is signed " E.P." with an anchor; this probably is Edward Parker. London. RSW.
E.P.G. "Elevati Poli Gradus." RSW.
E.R.L. MIM Gunner's Quadrant = SKO; Instrument = SKO. Price 2; RSW.
E.V.Z. Germany, 1568, MIM Artillery Rule, 1568 = DRE. may be same as E.Z. Drechsler 2; RSW.
E.Z. Germany, 1568, MIM Erhard Zimmermann; see E.V.Z. Drechsler 2; RSW.
EADE, JONATHAN England, 18th Century, MIM NIM Ship's Compasses = NMM-C145, Soth. 10/17/60; Slide Rule, ivory and silver = P.C. (Christie 5/5/70). member of the Merchant Taylors' Company; took apprentices. Wapping, London. NMM; Crawforth 8; RSW.
EADE, WILTON AND ALLEN England, 18th Century, NIM Ship's Compass = Soth. 10/17/60. Jonathan Eade, William Wilton 1 and Nathaniel Allen. London. RSW.
EAGLAND, JOSEPH England, fl.1856-59, PHIM barometer maker. 3 Wellington Row, Bethnal Green, London. Goodison 1.
EAMES England, 19th Century, OIM T.C. in the lid of a microscope box reads "By Eames Optician." RSW.
EAMES, JAMES USA, c.1835, MIM SIM Theodolite = Cyr Auction, May, 1997. patented a wooden theodolite, Feb, 11, 1835; signed "Eames Improved Patent Compass, Newry, Me." Newry, Maine. USNM; Coffeen B; MAD June 1997.
EARLE, CHRISTOPHER England, MIM Magnetic Compass = Evans Coll. Gunther 2.
EARNSHAW, THOMAS England, 1749-1824, MIM Astronomical Clock = Skinner and Dyke, 2/5/1793-204. the catalogue of the Earl of Bute's Coll. lists him as "L. Earnshaw"; watch and clockmaker noted for his chronometers. 119 High Holborn (1791-1806; Chenies Street, Bedford Square; both in London. Taylor 2(705); J.A. Bennett 2; RSW.
EASLING see Johann Ernst Essling. Evans 1; P. & S. 4/3/1894; RSW.
EAST INDIA COMPANY England, Horizontal Sundial = CNAM. oriental; see E.I.C.; see Chrichton 2. RSW.
EASTLAND AND CO. England, OIM Compound Microscope = UTR. see William Eastland 2. Taylor 2(166 & 349).
EASTLAND, WILLIAM 1 England, 1704-68, OIM apprenticed to Thomas Gay 2 of the Spectaclemakers' Company in 1718; turned over to Thomas Lincoln in the Company in 1726; free of the Company in 1726; Assistant in the Company in 1737; father of William Eastland 2. Clerkenwell, London (1764). Taylor 2(166); Court and von Rohr 3(102); Robischon.
EASTLAND, WILLIAM 2 England, c.1747-80, OIM apprenticed to his father, William Eastland 1, c.1761, in the Spectaclemakers' Company; turned over to Henry R. Shuttleworth in the same Company in 1762; free of the Company, c.1768; Robischon thought he was free in 1773; some of his microscopes are signed "Eastland and Co." London. Taylor 2(349); Court and von Rohr 3(182); Robischon.
EASTLANDT Holland, c.1785, OIM telescope maker. The Hague. Rooseboom 1.
EASTMOND England, c.1850, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie 4/28/89. Redhill. RSW.
EASTON, EDWARD England, c.1708, MIM apprenticed to Thomas Feilder of the Clockmakers' Company on March 3, 1701; free of the Company, April 5, 1708. J. Brown 3.
EASTON, JAMES England, 1731, MIM SIM Backstaff, 1731 = DNM. made for Francis Harrison. RSW.
EATON England, PHIM see Bordessa and Eaton; also see Novati, Bordessa and Eaton. Goodison 1.
EATON, A.K. USA, c.1854, OIM in partnership with Charle A. Spencer for a few years c.1854. Canastoga, N.Y. USNM.
EATON, JOHN England, c.1658, MIM apprenticed to Walter Hayes of the Grocers' Company on July 2, 1651; free of the Company on July 7, 1658. London. J. Brown 1.
EBERBACH AND SON CO. INC. USA, c.1843, PHIM made physical, chemical and physiological apparatus. Ann Arbor Mich. USNM.
EBERHARD, J.G. Germany, 18th Century, MIM Augsburg-type Sundial = D. Zinner 1.
EBERHARD, J.P. Germany, c.1700, MIM Equatorial Sundial = DEU. this may be a misreading for J.G. Eberhard. RSW.
EBERHARD, P. AEGID Germany, 1688, MIM Azimuth Sundial, 1688 = KRM. Raittenau. Rabenalt.
EBERHART, PHILLIPP Switzerland, c.1602, MIM designed a surveying instrument with Leonhart Zubler. Zurich. Dawson 216, 1971.
EBERSPERGER, JOH. GEORG Germany, c.1729-1755, MIM SIM Circumferentor = Bernhard Canzler in 1750; Graphometer, 1729 = NUR-WI 252; Compass, 1737 = NUR-WI 697; Quadrant, steel with wooden tripod, 1739 = NUR-WI 207; Quadrant, 1751 = NUR-WI 584; Graphometer, 1755 = DEU-2893; Rule = ADL-M133; Alidade with Compass = NUR-WI 1268. Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Engelmann 1; Michel 3; Evans 1; RSW.
EBLE c.1850, NIM Sextant, primitive = UTR. Ellwangen RSW.
EBMER, SEBALD Germany, b.1580-d.1613, MIM amateur mathematician & instrument maker; a friend of F. Ritter. Nürnberg. Michel 3.
EBSWORTH, GEORGE RICHARD England, c.1827, OIM optician. 54 Fleet Street, London. Taylor 2(1320); O'Mara.
EBSWORTH, RICHARD England, fl.1815-29, MIM OIM PHIM Tellurians, miniature = HAY, ADL-W51, D.(1983); Drawing Instrument Set = Christie 5/6/69; Telescope, refracting = X; Telescope, reflecting = X; Microscope = Soth. 12/8/69; Astronomical Quadrant, miniature = D.(1983); Floating Sundial = Soth.-S 1/26/88. T.C.; the telescopes and the microscope are signed "Ebsworth." 68 Fleet Street and 41 Fleet Street, both in London. Taylor 2(1320); Dewhirst; Clay and Court; Goodison 1; Coffeen; ADL; RSW.
ECCLES, D. England, Water Clock, dated 1697 from the town of Salisbury = Hindley Shop, CMY. modern work by Pearson Page of Birmingham. RSW.
ECCLESTON England, c.1750, OIM made Newtonian telescopes. London. Taylor 2(473a); Dewhirst; Daumas 1; Clay and Court.
ECHEVERRIA Spain, MIM Squadra Mobile = P.C. (1976). Bilbao. RSW.
ECHO AND BARGOS Spain, 18th Century, MIM Armillary Sundial = P. & S. 4/21/1898. RSW.
ECKERT Germany, c.1850, MIM Nürnberg. USNM.
ECKHARDT, A. GEORGE Holland; England, fl.1770-99, MIM Dividers = Auction, 1799; Parallel Rules = Auction, 1799; Graphometer, mahogany = Auction, 1799. A. George Eckhardt, junr. invented a rolling parallel rule in 1770 which was made by Dollond; held fifteen patents; F.R.S. Taylor 2(706); Mörzer Bruyns 2; Millburn 8.
ECKHARDT, DR. CHRISTIAN LEONHARD PHILIPP Germany, 1784-1866, MIM Globes = X. Tooley.
ECKHARDT, H.E. England, see A. George Eckhardt. Soth. 7/27/64.
ECKLING, JOHANN M. Austria, c.1820, MIM NIM Sextant = NMM-S.115; Sextant and an unidentified Instrument = MOS; Goniometer = P.C.(1979). Vienna. Novokshanova-Soklovskaja; Maistrov 4; RSW.
EDELMANN Germany, MIM Wiedemann-type Galvanometer = WHI. Price 12.
EDEN, ALFRED England, c.1830, OIM Achromatic Microscope = WHI. pupil of Pritchard. 6 Langham Place, Regent Street, London. Taylor 2(1838); Clay and Court; Whipple 1.
EDEN, WILLIAM England, fl.1818-27, OIM apprenticed, c.1811, in the Spectaclemakers' Company; free of the Company in 1818; pupil of Andrew Pritchard 1, 1818-27; optician. 30 Castle Street, Holborn, London. Taylor 2(1321); Court and von Rohr 3(243).
EDGECUMBE England, PHIM Wheel Barometer =X. Plymouth. Goodison 1.
EDGEWORTH, HENRY England, 1779, NIM Octant, 1779 = NMM-Caird; Octant = Drouot 3/9/70; Compass = D; Wooden Magnetic Compass = P.C. 51 on the Key, Bristol. Taylor 2(707); Bryden 9; RSW.
EDGINGTON England, fl.1810-13, OIM apprenticed in the Spectaclemakers' Company, 1803; free of the Company, 1810. 7 Charterhouse Lane, London. Taylor 2(828); Court and Rohr 3(236).
EDKINS, JAMES 1 England, c.1721, apprenticed to Mark Rogers in the Joiners' Company, Jan. 9, 1721. Crawforth 7.
EDKINS, JAMES 2 England, c.1820, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Kensington, London. Goodison 1.
EDKINS, SAMUEL SABINE England, c.1838, MIM Terrestrial Globes = Melun 4/24/83, Bearnes 11/12/86. signed "S.S. Edkins", son-in-law of, and successor to, William Bardin. 16 Salisbury Square, London. Taylor 2(2117); Hamilton 2; RSW.
EDWARDS AND HUNTER England, PHIM Marine Barometer = Gloucester Museum. Cornhill, London. Goodison 1.
EDWARDS AND KILBINGTON England, c.1789, NIM compass makers. Wapping, London. Taylor 2(831).
EDWARDS, FREDERICK England, fl.1838, MIM 2 Hackney Road, London. Taylor 2(2118).
EDWARDS, JOHN 1 England, fl.1781-1803, MIM OIM made mariner's compasses and position instruments; made improvements on reflecting telescopes. Ludlow and Bristol. Taylor 2(830).
EDWARDS, JOHN 2 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. may be the same as John Edwards 1. Menai Bridge. Goodison 1.
EDWARDS, JOSEPH England, fl.1767-77, MIM rule maker; had James Dingley as an apprentice. Bull Street (1767); 46 Worcester Street (1770-77); both in Birmingham. Bryden 9.
EDWARDS, M. Scotland, MIM OIM Pantograph = FRK = RSM. 209 Sauchiehall Street, Glasgow. Frank; Clarke et al.
EDWARDS, MATTHEW England; USA, c.1850, MIM "skilled instrument maker"; author. Boston, Mass. D.J. Warner 6.
EDWARDS, THOMAS England, fl.1667-92, MIM designed astrolabes, double horizontal dial with analemma; author. Oxford. Taylor 1(315); Gunther 2; Dawsons 204.
EDWARDS, WILLIAM England, PHIM Stick Barometer = Soth. 5/1/86. "Warranted." Bishops Castle. RSW.
EECKHOUT, JOSEPH VAN DEN Holland, fl.1782-87, MIM Grand Orrery = Zeeuws Museum, Middelburg. Middelburg. Rooseboom 1; Mörzer Bruyns 2; Michel 3.
EEDT, CORNELIUS VAN DEN Holland, 1586, MIM Universal Equatorial Sundial, round, 1586 = BM (ex-SPI 2799). compass markings are in English and Italian. Zinner 1; Rooseboom 1; Price 3; Ward 4; Nachet; BM-1895; Ernst; Michel 3.
EEKSTROOM, JOHANNES Holland, 1750, NIM Backstaff = Dundee City Museum and Art Gallery. marked "opt Schip de Swarte." Adelaar. RSW.
EFLING Germany, 18th Century, MIM SIM Graphometer = DEU-16613. Berlin. Zinner 1.
EGER, G.K. Holland, c.1840, MIM Quadrant = Auction, 1906. Utrecht. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
EGGERICH, JOH. Holland, c.1660, MIM Sector = DRE (lost). Leyden. RSW.
EGGERICH, JOHANNES Germany, c.1725, MIM Calculating Instrument = GEL; Drawing Instruments = HAK. see Johann Eggerich Frers; drawing instruments signed "Johannes Eggrich". Berlin. Maistrov 2; RSW.
EGGERT AND SON USA, fl.1848-50, NIM PHIM Marine Barometer = D.(1971); Dry Card Compass = Mystic Seaport, Conn. chronometer makers; Dominick Eggert and Son. 239 Pearl Street, New York, N.Y. Brewington 1; Moskowitz 103; RSW.
EGGERT'S, D., SONS USA, c.1850, NIM Chronometer = New York, N.Y. RSW.
EGGERT, CHARLES USA, fl.1850-51, NIM associated with John and Dominick Eggert. New York, N.Y. Brewington; Moskowitz 103.
EGGERT, D., AND SON USA, fl.1850-59, MIM PHIM Quadrant, ebony and ivory = D.1976). "S.B. and C." stamped on the inside of the mirror housing. New York, N.Y. Moskowitz, Special Cat. 1.
EGGERT, DOMINICK USA, fl.1834-51, MIM PHIM watch, chronometer and barometer maker. 239 Pearl Street, New York, N.Y.(1841-42). Brewington; Moskowitz 103.
EGGERT, JOHN USA, fl.1850-51, NIM associated with Charles and Dominick Eggert. New York, N.Y. Brewington; Moskowitz 103.
EGIDI, DOMENICO Italy, MIM Horary Quadrant, marble = X. Ancona. Morpurgo 1.
EGRET, MARTIN France, 1713, MIM Sundial, pottery, 1713 = Evans Coll. Evans 1.
EHLING, LEOPOLD England, 1847, MIM 151 St.George Street, London. O'Mara.
EHRARD Germany, OIM constructed burning glasses; succeeded Hoesen. Dresden. Spargo 1.
EHREN, FRIED HALB Germany, 1762, maybe town, Ehrenfriedhal; marked on wooden diptych sundials, WHI-773 and one from DPW Coll., both dated 1762; WHI marked "EHREN/FRIED/HAL." Whipple 1; Bryden 16; RSW.
EHRENBERG see Ney and Ehrenberg. Kosobutsky.
EICHEL, JOHANN CHRISTOPH Germany, 18th Century, MIM Dividers with pen points = AUG. RSW.
EICHENS, WILLIAM Germany; France, 1818-1884, MIM OIM naturalized Frenchman; associate of Marc Secretan; established his own shop in 1866. Paris. Paris 1900; Daumas 1.
EICHMANN see Dryander.
EICHNER, L.C. USA, 1900-1967 ?MIM NIM OIM PHIM engineer; made reproductions of many historic instruments, all signed and dated by him. 437 Bloomfield Avenue, Bloomfield, New Jersey. RSW.
EICKERT, JOHAN Germany, c.1588, MIM Astronomical Clock, 1588 = SPI = VIE. signed also "I.E."; see I.E. 1. Zinner 1.
EIGHERT, W. England, c.1800, PHIM Marine Barometer = West of England Auctions 12/31/90. Cardiff. RSW.
EIMMART, GEORG CHRISTOPH 1 Germany, 1638-1705, MIM OIM PHIM Celestial Globes, 1705 = VNL, NMM, ROM, P.C.; Planetarium, 1680 = NUR.; Terrestrial Globe, 1705 = VNL, NMM, P.C. etc. apprenticed to J. von Sandrart, an engraver; made a wide range of instruments including sundials, armillary spheres, telescopes, and other astronomical items; had J. Ludtring as an assistant. Regensburg (1638-60); Nürnberg. Zinner 1; Michel 3; Bonelli 4; Stevenson; Globus, Nov. 54 and June 62.
EIMMART, GEORG CHRISTOPH 2 Germany, c.1680, MIM Armillary Sphere = NUR. called "der Junger." Nürnberg. Lunardi.
EINDE, C.K. Holland, MIM Vertical Sundial = P.C. Hollands Glorie.
EISINGA, EISE Holland, 1774-1818, MIM Planetarium built into the ceiling of Eisinga's house in Franeker; Wall Sundial, 1801 & Demonstration Planetarium, 1818 = Eisinga's house; Vertical Sundial, stone, 1801 = 'tCoopmanshus, Franeker. Franeker. Zinner 1; Rooseboom 1; RSW.
EISINGA, JELTE STEPHANUS Holland, 1789-1812, MIM astronomical clock maker; brother of Eise Eisinga. Dronrijp Rooseboom 1.
EISLAND perhaps the same as Eastlandt. Rooseboom 1.
EISLAND, W., AND CORPA Holland, c.1790, OIM Microscope = P.C. (1798). Rooseboom 1.
EIVILLIM (?), WILLIAM England, c.1632, MIM apprenticed to John Blighton 1 of the Grocer's Company on April 10, 1632. London. J. Brown 1.
EJSER France, MIM Rule = Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Strasbourg. Strasbourg. RSW.
EKLING same as Eckling. Maistrov 4.
EKSTROM, DANIEL Sweden, 1711-55, MIM NIM Equatorial Sundial = SWE; Hadley's Quadrant = SWE Ekstrôm was apprenticed to Peter Rosenberg in 1727; he was sent to Englnd and France to study instrument-making in 1740. Stockholm. Pipping 1; Arvet; RSW.
ELCKNER SENIOR Germany, c.1780, MIM PHIM SIM Balance = DRE; Graphometer = P.C.(1987). RSW.
ELDRED, JOSEPH E. USA, 1831, MIM SIM patented a surveying level with plumb 8/25/1831. Rochester, N.Y. USNM.
ELEKES, FERENC Hungary; Austriac.1835, MIM globe maker. Vienna. Globus June, 1963.
ELEKES, FRANZ V. fl.1825-44, MIM Terrestrial Globe, 1831 = P.C. Globus Nov., 1954 and Dec., 1956.
ELEY, HODSON England, fl.1856-60, PHIM Wheel Barometer, = X. clock and watch maker; the barometer is signed "H. Eley." Wide Bargate, Boston. Goodison 1.
ELFIMOV, P.A. Russia, fl.1841-42, MIM published globes. Chenakal 3.
ELFORD, JAMES M. USA, fl.1816-39, NIM Mariner's Compass = Huntington Historical Society, N.Y. at the Sign of the Quadrant, 119 East Bay, Charleton, S.C. Bowditch; USNM; Bedini 8; D.J. Warner 10.
ELFORD, JAMES M., AND SON USA, c.1835, NIM Crown Compass = Philadelphia Maritime Museum, P.A. Charleston, S.C. RSW.
ELIAS, P. Holland, 1804-78, designed a galvanometer which was made by W.M. Logeman of Haarlem and which is now in Teyler's Museum; lawyer and amateur scientist. G.L'E. Turner 7 & 24.
ELIOT, THOMAS England, c.1686, free in the Joiners' Company, c.1686; reported on John Patrick 1 on July 6, 1686. London. Crawforth 7.
ELIOT, WILLIAM see William Elliott. Taylor 2(1548).
ELKINGTON, GEORGE R. England, 1801-65, OIM 44 St. Paul's Square, Birmingham; 11 Berners Street, London (1836). Taylor 2(1547); O'Mara.
ELKINGTON, J. England, fl.1808-18, OIM St. Paul's Square, Birmingham. Bryden 9.
ELKNER 18th Century, MIM Rapporteur = Drouot 11/14/68. RSW.
ELLA, WILLIAM England, 1711, MIM Astronomical Quadrant, 1711 = Soth. 7/26/65. RSW.
ELLDING, THOMAS England, 1733, NIM Backstaff, 1733 = Musée Lombard, Geneva. RSW.
ELLICOTT England, pre-1794, MIM Pyrometer, Thermometer = Christie 12/12/1794. probably John Ellicott 2. RSW.
ELLICOTT, A., AND B. RITTENHOUSE USA, c.1770, MIM Surveyor's Compass = USNM. Andrew Ellicott and Benjamin Rittenhouse. USNM.
ELLICOTT, ANDREW USA, 1754-1820, MIM SIM Transit, 1789 = USNM; Telescopic Quadrant = USNM; Surveying Compass, 1790 = State Historical Society of Wisconsin; etc. noted American surveyor, fl.1774-1789; he was responsible for the mapping of Washington, D.C.; clockmaker. 16 North Sixth Street, Philadelphia, Pa. and Ellicott Mills, Md. Bedini 1, 8 and 17; Smart 1; Gillingham 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; USNM.
ELLICOTT, BENJAMIN USA, 1765-1827, MIM SIM Transit and Level = Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society. brother of Andrew Ellicott; surveyor. Philadelphia, Pa. Smart 1; USNM.
ELLICOTT, JOHN 1 England, fl.1696-1733, MIM admitted to the Clockmakers' Company in 1696; succeeded by his son, John Ellicott 2. Bodmin; London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(167).
ELLICOTT, JOHN 2 England, 1706-72, MIM PHIM Pyrometer, 1736 = X; Astronomical Clock = X; Wheel Barometers in clocks = P.C. and VAA; Wheel Barometer, 1740 = P.C.; Variation Compass = Skinner and Dyke Auction, May 14-16, 1791. succeeded his father, John Ellicott 1 in 1733; took his son as a partner in 1769; clockmaker to George III; invented a compensated pendulum; author; he was made an F.R.S. in 1738. 17 Sweetings Alley, Royal Exchange, London. Goodison 1; Taylor 2(167); RSW.
ELLICOTT, JOSEPH USA, 1732-80, MIM Orrery in tall-case clock, 1769 = P.C. mill builder; father of Andrew Ellicott. Buckingham, Bucks County, Pa. and Ellicott's Lower Mills, Baltimore, Md.(1774). Baillie 1; Britten 1; Mones and Jones.
ELLINETT, THOMAS England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. T. C. inside the door of the John Ellicott 2 clock with barometer at the VAA; barometer signed "Ellinett." Boston and Charing Cross, Norwich. Goodison 1.
ELLIOT BROS. misreading for Elliott Bros.
ELLIOT, JOHN England, fl.1846-48, PHIM barometer and philosophical instrument maker. 14 Stacy Street, Soho, London. Goodison 1.
ELLIOTT 1 England, c.1850, MIM Wheatstone's Heliochronometers = KEN, WHI. 30 Strand, London. Bryden 16; G.L'E. Turner 24; Dewhirst; Whipple 1; Ward 3.
ELLIOTT 2 England, c.1840, OIM sold instruments to Mrs. Janet Taylor. Stepney, London. Taylor 2(1325).
ELLIOTT 3 England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. may be William Edward Elliott. Goodison 1.
ELLIOTT AND SON 1 England, PHIM Barometer = Gunston Hall, Lorton, Va. Ashford. USNM.
ELLIOTT AND SON 2 England, c.1880, PHIM Stick Barometer = Phillips 7/20/83. Leeds. RSW.
ELLIOTT AND SONS England, fl.1840-55, MIM NIM OIM Pocket Sextant = DPW; Microscope = FRK; Architect's Rule, boxwood = ADL-W122. William Elliott 2 and Sons, also known as Elliott Sons. 50 and 56 Strand, London. Frank; DPW 3; Coffeen A; Moskowitz 104; ADL; RSW.
ELLIOTT BROTHERS England, 1840-now, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM wide range of instruments that may be seen in many museums. sons of William Elliott, they took over Watkins and Hill in 1857; T.C.; opticians to the Admiralty; sometimes signed "Elliott Bros." 56 Strand (1840-58) and 5 Charing Cross (1856-58); 30 Strand (1858-60); 449 Strand; 101 St. Martin's Lane (c.1861); all in London. Taylor 2(2121); Calvert 2; Price 12; Fitzgerald; Moskowitz 104; Coffeen G; G.L'E. Turner 24; Chaldecott 3 and 4; RGO; RSW; J.A. Bennett 2.
ELLIOTT SONS England, see William Elliott and Sons. RSW.
ELLIOTT, CLARK USA, 1732-93, MIM NIM SIM Backstaves = Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, Pa. (1764), Cranbrook Institute (1753), P.C. (4) (1761, 1762, 1765, 1768), MYS (1765), New London County Historical Society (1780), Wadsworth Athenaeum (1761); Octant, 1765, for Mr. Asa Waterman = MYS; Surveyor's Compass = X. apprenticed to Thomas Greenough 1 in Boston to 1767; made 403 backstaffs; compiled almanacs. Boston, Mass.; New London, Conn. Price 2; USNM; Smart; Bedini 1 and 8; D.J. Warner 8; RSW.
ELLIOTT, T. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. 20 Haberdashers Walk, Hoxton. Goodison 1.
ELLIOTT, W. England, fl.1815-18, MIM Ivory Rule = Ships of the Sea Museum, Savannah, Georgia; Set of Drawing Instruments = Soth. 5/21/73; Architect's Rules = ADL-W120 (boxwood), ADL-W211 (ivory), ADL-N42 (ivory). the drawing instrument set is marked "Elliott." 20 Wilderness Road, Goswell Street, Clerkenwell, London. Taylor 2(1324); Price 12; ADL; RSW.
ELLIOTT, WILLIAM (2), AND SONS England, pre-1849, MIM Architect's Rule, boxwood = ADL-W121; Drawing Instrument Sets = Christie-SK 4/17/86, Phillips 12/12/89. the rule at the Adler is signed "W. Elliott and Sons." 56 Strand, London. ADL; RSW.
ELLIOTT, WILLIAM 1 England, fl.1795-1835, MIM freed by patrimony in the Joiners' Company on the report by Charles Snart and William Medland in 1795; took apprentices. 51 Artichoke Lane (1800); 19 Jane Street, Commercial Road; 3 Wright's Row, Pell Street, Ratcliff Highway (1830); all in London. Crawforth 7.
ELLIOTT, WILLIAM 2 England, fl. 1821-53, MIM NIM OIM PHIM SIM Circumferentor = Kenny; Surveying Compass = Soth. 4/22/65; Dynamometer, Pantograph, Drawing Instrument Sets = KEN, Christie-SK 4/17/86; Equatorial Sundial = Soth. 11/22/65; Box Sextant = Brussels 1979. 21 Great Newport Street (1821-25); 277 High Holborn (1825-33); 268 High Holborn (1834); all in London. Taylor 2(1325 & 1548); Clay and Court; Exhibition-Maps; KEN; Moskowitz 104; RSW; Crawforth 7.
ELLIOTT, WILLIAM EDWARD England, fl.1825-72, MIM NIM PHIM SIM Clinometer = VNN; Sextant, ebony, ivory = D.(1981). 19 Upper Smithfield (1832); 36 Foxes Lane, Lower Shadwell (1836-40); 139 Shadwell High (1847-72); all in London. Taylor 2(1549); O'Mara; RSW.
ELLIOTTI, VINC. Italy, 1733, MIM Azimuth Sundial, 1733 = ROM. RSW.
ELLIS, HENRY England, fl.1748-49, NIM devised an artificial horizon. Taylor 2(254).
ELLIS, JOHN England, c.1755, improved the pocket aquatic microscope which was made by P. and J. Dollond; modified the Cuff-type microscope; F.R.S. Wynter and Turner; Moskowitz; Soth. 4/29/77; RSW.
ELLISON England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. London. Goodison 1.
ELLISON, F. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = Christie 6/8/72; Wheel Barometer = X. the barometer at the unknown location is signed "Ellison." Norwich. Goodison 1; RSW.
ELLISON, T. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. 4 Little Bath Street, London. Goodison 1.
ELMER, THEOBALD England, c.1685, apprenticed to Joseph Wells in the Joiners' Company, April 3, 1677; free in the Company, Mar. 2, 1685. Crawforth 7.
ELMER, W. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Goodison 1.
ELMES, JOSEPH England, c.1673, MIM apprenticed by turnover to William Elmes of the Clockmakers' Company on July 7, 1673. London. J. Brown 3.
ELMES, WILLIAM England, fl. pre-1668-82, MIM Ring Sundial, 1667 = X; Ring Sundials = NMM, LAW; Astrolabe = NMM. rulemaker; member of the Woodmongers' Company; one of 19 instrument makers admitted as a Brother to the Clockmakers' Company on Feb. 24, 1668; took apprentices. Moorfields, London. Taylor 1(316); J. Brown 1 & 3; Clay and Court ; Dewhirst; Baillie 1; Michel 3; NMM 2.
ELMSDEN, EDMUND England, c.1764, OIM Telescope = OXF. Lynn, Norfolk. Taylor 2(585).
ELSGREN, J. Sweden, MIM Diptych Sundial = NOR. Ganef ? RSW.
ELTON England, 1817, MIM Orrery, transparent, miniature, 1817 = OXF; Orrery, transparent = D.(1985). Princes Street, Cavendish Square, London. Taylor 2(1326); G.L'E. Turner 24; Coffeen 11.
ELTON, ANDREW England?, MIM Gunner's Calipers = D. (1994) could be owner. Coffeen X (1994).
ELTON, JOHN England, fl.1728-32, NIM designed a new quadrant for which he received a patent in 1728; devised a new artificial horizon in 1732. Taylor 2(255); Gunther 2; Bedini 8; Millburn 8; RSW.
ELTON, THOMAS England, 1819, MIM Astrarium, 1819 = Soth. 11/27/72. RSW.
ELVIUS, JOHAN Sweden, c.1775, MIM studied instrument-making in London. Stockholm. Pipping 1.
ELVIUS, PETRO Sweden, fl.1695-1708, MIM Horary Quadrant, wood and paper, 1695 = NOR; Horary Quadrant, 1708, wood and paper = SWE. a mathematics professor who invented this particular form of instrument; author. Uppsala. RSW.
EMANUEL France, 1666-1738, author who published several papers on instruments and on the calendar; may be the same as C. Emanuel. Toulouse. Michel 3; RSW.
EMANUEL, C. France, c.1727, MIM Planisphere = Spitzer-2839 = ADL-M464. may be the same as "Emanuel"; Michel thought the name was Emmanuel. Paris. Michel 3; Nachet; Ernst; ADL; RSW.
EMANUEL, E. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. Peterborough. Goodison 1.
EMANUEL, E. AND B. England, PHIM Marine Barometer = X. probably Ezekiel and Emanuel Emanuel. Portsmouth. Goodison 1.
EMANUEL, EZEKIEL AND EMANUEL England, c.1850, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Ivory Sector = NMM; Quintant = NMM; Tide Gauge = AMST; Spy Glass = Soth. 10/31/66; Barometer = DeLuca 10/24/87; Telescope, German silver = P.C. (1975) = PMS Auction June, 1989 = P.C.; Marine Barometer = Christie's 2/19/97. "Goldsmiths and Jewellers to Her Majesty"; barometer makers; mostly signed "E. and E. Emanuel"; PMS marked "By appointment to Her Majesty","No. 5169" and "R.G." 3 Common Hard; 3 The Hard; both in Portsea; Portsmouth. Taylor 2(1550 & 1550a); Goodison 1; Mörzer Bruyns 1; RSW.
EMANUEL, H.M. England, OIM Refracting Telescope = FRK. Frank.
EMANUEL, M. AND E. England, fl.1820-25, MIM 1 Bevis Marks, St. Mary Axe (1820). Taylor 2(1550).
EMANUEL, M., AND CO. England, c.1825, MIM 9-10 Bevis Marks, St. Mary Axe. Taylor 2(1550).
EMBERSON, THOMAS England, PHIM Wheel Barometer signed "T. Emberson" = X. made and sold barometers and thermometers; T.C. Long Sutton, Lincs. Goodison 1.
EMBREY, WM. England, c.1700, MIM Artillery Quadrant, wood and brass = P.C. repaired crudely; scales run 0°-90° and 0-12. Moskowitz 6.
EMDEN, ABRAHAM VAN Holland, 1794-1860, MIM OIM PHIM Thunder House = LEY; Air Pump = LEY; Microscopes =LEY; Thermometers = TEY; Compass Rose = AMST; Barometer = AMST; etc. T.C. in de Kalverstraat No. 55, Amsterdam. Rooseboom 1; Crommelin; Belgian Inv.; Mörzer Bruyns 1 & 2; G.L'E. Turner 7; P.R. de Clerq 1.
EMDEN, JOHANN VAN c.1590, collaborator of Tycho Brahe; architect. Michel 3.
EMERSON, WILLIAM England, d.1782, MIM made sundials; mathematician; author. Hurworth, County Durham. Gatty.
EMERY, SAMUEL USA, 1787-1882, NIM Mariner's Compasses = PEA, BMM, Hart Nautical Museum, Cambridge, Mass.; Compass Card = PEA; Sextant = Old Gaol Museum, Maine. T.C. in the case of a quadrant by Spencer and Co. (sold by H. Duren), ADL-A257; Joseph Callender engraved compass cards. 12 Water Street (1809-); 162 Derby Street (1864); both in Salem Mass. Bedini 1 & 8; Smart 1; Brewington 1; Huber; Moskowitz 104; D.J. Warner 10 and 12; ADL; RSW.
EMMANUEL, EMMANUEL England, 1851, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X. also "Emanuel." Upper Hill Street, Wisbech. Goodison 1.
EMMER, JOHN H. USA, c.1847, awarded a Diploma for "an ingenious galvanometer" at the Fair of the American Institute, Oct. 1847. 61 Nassau Street, Albany, N.Y. USNM.
EMMERICH Holland, OIM Microscope = UTR. Delft. Van Cittert 3.
EMMOSER, GERHARD Germany; Austria, fl.1562-83, MIM Astrolabe Clock, 1566 = BUD; Vertical Sundial and Nocturnal, 1571 = NUR; Celestial Globe, 1579 = NYM. Gebhardt Von Baeinen is a misreading for Gerhard (Emmosser) Von Raeinen. Augsburg; Vienna. Zinner 1; Neumann 1 & 2; Council of Europe 2; Chandler and Vincent 3; RSW.
EMOTT, BENJAMIN England, fl.1667-69, MIM apprenticed to Henry Sutton in the Joiners' Company on Feb. 6, 1659; turned over to John Marke in the Joiners' Company in Feb. 1667; free in the Company Dec. 2, 1667; took apprentices. London. Crawforth 7.
ENBEECO England, OIM Refracting Telescope = FRK. N.B. Co.? London. Frank.
ENDERLEIN, GEORG Switzerland, 17th Century, MIM Equatorial Sundial, octagonal = BASH. Basle. Zinner 1; RSW.
ENDERS Enderesch. Evans 1; Globus, Dec. 1956.
ENDERSBEE, WILLIAM England, fl.1810-38, MIM may be William Endersby, which see. 1 Little Tower Street, Tower, London. Taylor 2(1328).
ENDERSBEE, WM., AND SON England, fl.1810-38, MIM NIM PHIM Octant, ebony and ivory = D.(1970); Wheel Barometers = X, Soth. 7/16/76. London dealers for J.M. Kleman en Zoon; see William Endersbee. 335 High Street, Wapping, London. Taylor 2(1328); Goodison 1; USNM; RSW.
ENDERSBY, WILLIAM England, c.1781, MIM apprenticed to Thomas Garrard 1 in the Grocers' Company on Dec.6,1781. London. J. Brown 1.
ENDERSCH, JOHANN FRIEDRICH Germany, 1705-69, MIM Pillar Dial, wood = ELB; Equatorial Sundial = HAK; Celestial Globes, 1740 = ELB, DEU, DAN; Celestial Globe = Konigsberg Wallenrodt Bibliothek; Terrestrial Globes = AOV. engraved portrait. Elbing. Zinner 1; Rohde; Evans 1; Schück 1; Chenakal 3; Globus, June 1962, Dec. 1956, June 1963; RSW.
ENDICOTT, JOHN England, fl.1832-50, PHIM made barometers and thermometers. 10 Norwich Court, Fetter Lane (1832-33); 23 Little Saffron Hill (1844-50); both in London. Goodison 1.
ENEFER, ROBERT England, c.1778, apprenticed to Thomas Ripley 1 of the Grocers' Company on June 4, 1778. J. Brown 1.
ENGELBERT Czechoslovakia, MIM Sundial, square = Hammer. probably Engelbrecht. Braune. RSW.
ENGELBRECHT, ANTON Czechoslovakia, fl.1825-29, MIM Analemmatic Sundials = D.(1825), CZJ (1829); Inclinable Sundial, 1825 = PRA. Melnik. Horsky and Skopova; Zinner 1; Fischer 2; RSW.
ENGELBRECHT, JOHANN 1 Czechoslovakia, fl.1680-1702, MIM Nocturnals = SPI (1684), HAK; Analemmatic Sundials = LIE (1680), Weimar Schloss Museum (1680); Azimuth Sundials = SPI (1681) = PRN, SPI (1684) = PRN; Table Sundials = ROU (1683) = VIE, LIN; Horizontal Sundials = P.C., SPI, MIL; Astronomical Clock = HAM. Price thought there might be only one Johann Engelbrecht. Brünn. Zinner 1; Price 2; Fischer 2; Michel 1 and 3; Horsky and Skopova; Nachet; Ernst.
ENGELBRECHT, JOHANN 2 Czechoslovakia, fl.1776-1804, MIM made many brass horizontal, inclinable sundials dating from 1776 to 1804; examples may be seen at DEU, TGM, NUR, DRE, ADL, NYC, ZAG, PRA, MUN, STU, KEN, WHI, OXF, POTS, RSM, LIE, Huelsmann Coll., etc. many of the instruments listed above have a notch in the gnomon to show the time of year; he is thought to have invented this type. Brünn. Zinner 1; Basserman-Jordan 1; Fischer 2; Horsky and Skopova; Price 3 and 12; Ward 3 and 4; Whipple 1; KEN; Chenekal 1; Coffeen G; Bryden 16; Syndram; ADL; RSW.
ENGELBRECHT, P. Czechoslovakia, 1791, MIM Armillary Sphere Clock, 1791 = PRA. Seige. Czech. Inv.
ENGELHARDT, JOHANN Germany, MIM Sundial, portable = FIT. Zinner 1; Gunther 3.
ENGELL, LEONHART CHRISTIAN VON Germany, 1688, MIM Squadra Mobile = FRA. RSW.
ENGELMANN, G. Germany, 1696, MIM Celestial Globe = ZIT. Meffersdorf. Zinner 1.
ENGELS Holland, MIM Rule = MLL. Amsterdam. RSW.
ENGELSE, VAN Holland, MIM Horizontal Sundial = UTR; Magnetic Azimuth Sundial = UTR. de Rijk.
ENGILL MIM Horizontal Sundial, equation of time = Kolding Castle Museum, Denmark. RSW.
ENGLAND, J. England, c.1835, OIM Optical Instrument = WHI. probably the son of Moses England. Walsall, Lancs. Taylor 2(1840).
ENGLAND, JOHN England, fl.1698-1730, MIM NIM Garden Sundial, 1703 = Trinity College, Cambridge; Sector, 1703 = Trinity College, Cambridge = WHI; Universal Ring Sundials = OXF, Trinity College, Cambridge = WHI; Analemmatic Sundial = WHI. apprenticed to Robert Jole of the Stationers' Company on Aug. 4, 1690; made free in the Company; took apprentices; had a contract with the Navy to make compasses, from 1704 on. Charing Cross, London. Taylor 1(475); Gunther 2 and 3; Michel 3; Dewhirst; Price 12; Tyacke 1; Crawforth 6 & 7; Bryden 16.
ENGLAND, MOSES, AND SONS England, fl.1830-34, OIM Lower Russell Street, London. Taylor 2(1840).
ENGLEFIELD, HENRY C. England, fl.1778-1818, PHIM Sir Henry Englefield; devised a mountain barometer in 1808. Taylor 2(710); McConnell 1.
ENGLISH AND SONS England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. Brighton and Lewes. Goodison 1.
ENGLISH, NATHAN FREDERICK USA, 1828-c.1904, OIM made microscopes and telescopes, worked with his sons. Hartland, Vermont. USNM.
ENGLISH, W., AND SON England, OIM Telescope = D.(1973). Exchange, Brighton. RSW.
ENOCK AND SON England, PHIM Wheel Barometers = X, Soth. 7/16/76. Norwich. Goodison 1; RSW.
ENTWISTLE, JAMES England, c.1801, apprenticed to Thomas Bourne 1 or 2 in the Joiners' Company, Mar. 17, 1801. Crawforth 7.
EPISCHOFER, JOHANNES Germany, 1580, MIM Artillery Level, 1580 = VIG. Nürnberg. RSW.
EPRY, CHARLES ET JACQUELIN France, post-1855, OIM made telescopes; successors to the "Ancienne Maison Lerebours et Secretan, Fondée en 1789." 18 Place de Pont-Neuf; 20 Blvd. St.Jacques; both in Paris. USNM; Bulletin Soc. Astronomique de France, vol. 28, 1914.
EPSWORTH, R. misreading for Richard Ebsworth. Taylor 2(1552).
ERBEN, JOSEF Czechoslovakia, 1830-1910, MIM globe maker. Prague. Globus, June 1963; Tooley.
ERFINDER, STREBIN UND FERCHEL Erfinder means inventor; see Strebin und Ferchel. RSW.
ERHARD, JOSEFO Germany, MIM Proportional Compass = DEU. RSW.
ERHARD, MATTHIAS Germany, 17th Century, MIM Astrolabe Clock = P.C. Augsburg. Polish Inv.
ERICSON, HAROLD USA, 20th Century, MIM Cross-staff = X. reproduction. Noank, Conn. RSW.
ERICSSON, JOHN USA, fl.1835-51, Rangefinder of sextant design = D. (1994). Signed"Inventor"; patented a type of sounding device; showed in the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London. J.A. Bennett 2; Coffeen X (1994).
ERIGNON, MAJ. Belgium, 1822, MIM Rule, folding, 1822 = P.C. (1988). hollow square tubes. Louvegné. RSW.
ERKSTROM c.1774, MIM Quadrant = Greiswalde Observatory. "Erkström." Daumas 1.
ERNLE, THOMAS England, 17th Century, MIM Azimuth Compass = MAN-I52. Garcia Franco 1.
ERNST France, fl.1830-50, NIM PHIM Sextants = MOS, Ecole d'application de Fontainebleau; Stick Barometer = USNM; Marine Barometer = Meteorological Office,Bracknell. rue de Lille 11, Paris. Novokshanova-Soklovskaja; Paris 1900; Middleton 1 and 4.
ERNST, HANS Germany, c.1570, MIM globe maker. Globus, June 1963.
ERNST, PETER Sweden, 1714-84, MIM Astronomical Clock = Ventenskap Observatory; Pedometer = GOT. Väuxjö and Stockholm. Britten; Baillie 1.
EROKHIN Russia, c.1850, PHIM Barometer = MOS. St.Petersburg. Maistrov 4.
ERSKINE, THOMAS England, 1764, MIM Octant, wood, 1764 = EMA. may be owner. RSW.
ERST, HANS Germany, 1546, MIM Celestial Globe, painted, 1546 = STR. Bertele 1.
ERTEL Germany, c.1850, MIM OIM SIM Meridian Telescope = MLL; Theodolite = DRE; Rule = P.C.(1987). probably Georg or Gustav. Munich. RSW.
ERTEL SOHN Germany, MIM Theodolite = MOS. either Georg or Gustave Ertel. Munich. Novokshanova-Soklovskaja.
ERTEL UND SOHN Germany, fl.1834-58, MIM OIM Transit Instrument and Mural Circle of the U.S. Naval Observatory, 1845; Naval Theodolite = ADL-L28; Plotting Scale = ADL-M133; Sextant = DEU; Computing Rule, 1843 = P.C.; Altazimuth Instrument = WHI; Level = WHI; Theodolites = KEN, P.C.(1987). T.L. and Georg Ertel; sometimes spelled "Ertell"; trade catalogue, 1847. Munich. Engelmann 1; USNM; Italian Inv.; Chaldecott 3; RGO; RSW; J.A. Bennett 2; ADL.
ERTEL, GEORG Germany, 1813-63, MIM worked with his father, T.L. Ertel, 1834-58. Munich. USNM; J.A. Bennett 2.
ERTEL, GUSTAV Germany, b.1829, MIM son of T.L. Ertel. Munich. USNM.
ERTEL, TRAUGOTT LEBRECHT Germany, 1778-1858, MIM OIM Repeating circles, 12" and 6" (1836) for Chas. Wilkes, for use on U.S. Exploring Expedition; Level = FLM; Theodolite, 1835 = Observatory of Kazan worked with Reichenbach 1814-26; father of Georg and Gustav Ertel. Munich. Novokshanova-Soklovskaja and Horsky; Italian Inv.; Pipping 1; J.A. Bennett 2.
ERTLING, L. England, c.1850, PHIM Hydrometer = Phillips 10/26/83. may be L. Oertling. London. RSW.
ERVEN VAN HENDRICK MOOY see Mooy. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
ESCHSOUX France, c.1840, MIM Surveyors' Y-Level = DPW. Paris. RSW.
ESLING, JOHAN ERNST Germany, MIM see Johan Ernst Essling. Berlin. RSW.
ESPERANCE, A L' France, MIM Sectors = ADL-M89i, ADL-W124. this is not a name but is an address, "à L'esperance." Paris. Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
ESPLIN, E. England, PHIM Wheel Barometer = X; Stick Barometer = Christie 4/28/89. Wigan. Goodison 1; RSW.
ESSEN, CHRISTIAAN PAULUS VAN Holland, 1771-1840, MIM Delft. Rooseboom 1.
ESSEN, HUGO Holland, b.1798, MIM Delft. Rooseboom 1.
ESSER, HERMAN USA, 1845-1908, see Keuffel and Esser. New York, N.Y. Smart 1.
ESSER, L. Switzerland, MIM Protractor = FLO. see Hommel and Esser. Aarau.
ESSEX, CHARLES, AND CO. England, fl.1824-28, MIM Floating Sundials = D.(1824); Christie 4/3/85 (1826) = Kelton Coll. (1990) (wood), Soth. 11/13/61 (1828), EGE, WHI, ADL-W191, etc. patented this type of sundial, 1824; in round ivory or wooden boxes; Kelton has logo of "S" superimposed on "X" on label in lid of box which is also marked "Pantochronometer 1826." London. Whipple 1; Bryden 16; RSW; Price 12; Egestorff.
ESSLING, JOHANN ERNST Germany, 1716, MIM Sectors = P. and S. 4/3/94, 6/18/1894; Compass Sundial, 1716 = Soth. 2/5/53; Sundial = GOL; Augsburg-type Sundial, 1716 = Soth. 5/9/60; Universal Equatorial Sundial = GEL. Berlin. Chenekal 1; RSW.
ESSLING, T.E. Germany, misreading for J.E. Essling. Soth. 5/19/60.
ESTEVENIOT France, 1768, PHIM Wheel Barometer = D.(1976). Paris. RSW.
ESTEVERY France, 18th Century, MIM Sector = D.(1970). Merzbach.
ESTON, EDWARD see Edward Easton. J. Brown 3.
ETANG, CHARLES FRANCOIS, GOUVERNEUR L' France, fl.1739-87, OIM Gouverneur Charles François L'Etang; an amateur constructer; made achromatic lenses. rue du Colombier, No. 1341, Paris. Daumas 1; Nachet.
ETHERET France, c.1792, MIM Daumas 1.
ETSLAUB, JOHAN Germany, 1599?, MIM Mining Compass = FLO. RSW.
ETTRICK England, fl.1836, MIM NIM proposed improvements to the astronomical clock and the mariner's compass. Taylor 2(2122).
ETZ, HY USA, c.1840, OIM made telescope mirrors and cameras. Baltimore. USNM.
ETZLAUB, ERHARD Germany, fl.1484-1532, MIM Diptych Sundial, wood, 1511 = NUR-WI28; Dyptych Sundial, wood, 1513 = Drecker = ADL-DPW22. the dials are not signed but are ascribed to Etzlaub on the basis of the map and the early date; cartographer; sundials were much sought after. Erfurt; Am Laufer Schlagturm, Nürnberg (1484). Zinner 1; Michel 1 & 3; M. Behaim Cat. Nür. 1957; Willebois; Evans 1; A.J. Turner 10; Gouk 1; Schnelbögl; ADL; RSW.
EUDRISCH, NIKOLAUS Germany, fl.pre-1528, MIM compass maker Nürnberg. Gouk 1.
EULER, JOHANN ALBRECHT Germany, c.1775, MIM designed sundials. Chenakal 1.
EULER, LEONARD France, 1707-83, OIM worked on developing the achromatic lens. Daumas 1; Nachet .
EUPORUS, M. ANTISTIUS Italy, 1st Century A.D., MIM Pelikinon Sundial, monumental = Archaeological Museum, Aquileia. horizontal sundial with a wind rose. Aquileia. Kenner; Gibbs 1; Price 2; Portaluppi.
EUSTACHI, BARTOLOMEO Italy, c.1510-74, MIM Oddi mentions a "Geometricus Gnomon" designed by Eustachi. Urbino. Belloni.
EUSTACHIO Italy, OIM reputed to have made an eye-piece for a telescope. Naples. Dewhirst.
EVA, RICHARD England, fl.1755-80, MIM Planetarium on a clock = X. Falmouth. Britten.
EVAIN, A. France, c.1850, MIM OIM T.C.; advertsed telescopes, compasses and chronomerers. Rule Ville-ez-Martin, St. Nazaire. Christie_SK 11/19/87.
EVANS 1 England, c.1790, MIM Inclinable Sundial = Soth. 4/18/88. London. RSW.
EVANS 2 England, MIM Compass Sundial = Christie-SK 6/2/83. London. RSW.
EVANS, A.G., AND CO. see Goy Evans and Co. RSW.
EVANS, BENJAMIN USA, 1776-1836, MIM nephew, apprentice and partner of Benjamin Rittenhouse; see Rittenhouse and Evans. Norriton, Pa. (1791); Worcester Township, Pa. (1798-1800). Bedini 1 and 8; B.R. Forman.
EVANS, FREDERICK England, fl.1830-38, MIM OIM PHIM 12 Denzell Street, London. Taylor 2(1841).
EVANS, GEORGE England; USA, fl.1796-98, MIM PHIM London; 33 North Front Street, Philadelphia, Pa. (1796). Bedini 1; Smart 1.
EVANS, GOY, AND CO. England, c.1825, NIM Octant, ebony, ivory and brass = Soth.-B 3/2/79. catalogue says A.G. Evans and Co. London. RSW.
EVANS, J. England, PHIM Stick Barometer = X. probably John Evans 1 or 2. London. Goodison 1; RSW.
EVANS, JAMES England, c.1749, MIM apprenticed to John Wilson 1 of the Clockmakers' Company on Jan. 5, 1736; free of the Company, May 1, 1749. J. Brown 1.
EVANS, JOHN 1 England, c.1809, MIM apprenticed to John Urings 2 in the Joiners' Company on June 3, 1759; free in the Company, June 12, 1768; "Rule Maker." Sharrat Street, Golden Square (-1801); 8 Dean Street, Fetter Lane, (1809); both in London. Crawforth 6.
EVANS, JOHN 2 England, c.1809, OIM "Optician". 88 Bishopsgate Within, London. Taylor 2(1118); Crawforth 6.
EVANS, REV. LEWIS England, c.1824, MIM Geometrical Curves = OXF; Mathematician's Tobacco Box, 1824 = OXF. F.R.S.; ancestor of Lewis Evans who gave his collection of scientific instruments to OXF. Gunther 2; USNM; RSW.
EVANS, THOMAS 1 Ireland, c.1825, PHIM Barometer = X. also a clockmaker. Usk. Peate.
EVANS, THOMAS 2 England, c.1825, MIM Sundial inside lid of box = OXF. London. RSW.
EVANS, WILLIAM 1 England, fl.1792-1805, MIM apprenticed to Charles Fairbone 1 of the Grocers' Company in 1765; free of the Company in 1792; took one apprentice. Hand Court, Holborn (1792); 58 Rosomon Row, Clerkenwell (1795); 48 Rosomon Street, Clerkenwell (1805); all in London. J. Brown 1; Crawforth 6; Baillie 1; Taylor 2(1842).
EVANS, WILLIAM 2 England, c.1805, MIM 10 Dean Street, Fetter Lane, London. Crawforth 6.
EVE, CLOVIS England, c.1630, OIM made astronomical telescopes. Engelmann 1; Daumas 1.
EVE, GEORGE FREDERICK England, fl.1851-60, PHIM made barometers, etc. 4 Charles Street, Hatton Garden (1851-53); 90 1/2 Holborn Hill (1854-60); both in London. Goodison 1.
EVERARD, H.A. England, MIM Mechanical Equatorial Sundial = Soth. 10/18/71. replica. London. RSW
EVERARD, P. AEGID. Austria?, MIM Horizontal Sundial = KRM. RSW.
EVERARD, THOMAS England, fl.1683-84, MIM designed a new pattern of slide rule for the excise in 1683-4; duty was first charged on alcohol in 1643. The Excise (London). Taylor 1(429a); Whipple 1; Gunther 2; Evans 1; G.L'E. Turner 24; Delehar 2 and 9; A.J. Turner 10.
EVEREST, GEORGE England, 1790-1866, Surveyor-General of India; designed and gave his name to a type of plain theodolite. G.L'E. Turner 24.
EVERINGHAM, RICHARD England, c.1784, MIM apprenticed to Charles Fairbone 1 in the Grocers' Company in 1773; free of the Company in 1784. London. J.Brown 1.
EVESHAM, EPIPHANIUS England, 1589, MIM Sundial, 1589 = X. Taylor 1(80); Michel 3; USNM.
EVIN AND H. RAILLE misreading for Ewin and H. Raille, which see. USNM; RSW.
EWART, HENRY England, 1828, OIM Refracting Telescope, 1828 = Soth.-Chester 6/26/85. Tweedsmouth. RSW.
EWART, J. England, c.1850, designed "The Cattle Gauge and Key to weighing machine arranged by J. Ewart"; made by James Tree of London. Newcastle-on-Tyne. Coffeen h.
EWESTASCE, RICHARD England, c.1688, MIM apprenticed to Withers Cheney of the Clockmakers' Company on Jan. 18, 1688. J. Brown 3.
EWIN AND H. RAILLE USA, c.1840?, MIM PHIM Surveyor's Compass = Illinois State Museum, Springfield. Baltimore, Md. USNM; RSW.
EWIN, JOHN USA, fl.1840, MIM 23 Thames Street (1840-41); 71 Thomas Street (1845-48); both in Baltimore, Md. Smart 1.
EWIN, WILLIAM USA, fl.1833-42, MIM NIM OIM Surveyor's Compass = D.(1982). Ewin and Heartte, 1833-36; in business by himself, 1836-42; may have had access to a dividing engine. 3 Commerce Street (1833); at the sign of the Quadrant, 53 South Street (1836-42); both in Baltimore, Md. Smart 1; Coffeen B; USNM; D.J. Warner 10.
EWIN, WILLIAM, AND ISAAC HEARTTE USA, 1833-36, MIM NIM OIM PHIM Hadley's Quadrant = P.C.; Surveyor's Compass = P.C. at the Sign of the Quadrant, 53 South Street, Baltimore Md. (1833-35). Smart 1; USNM; D.J. Warner 10.
EWING, JOHN USA, 1732-1802, NIM described and illustrated an improvement of Godfrey's quadrant; provost of the College of Philadelphia. Philadelphia, Pa. Cajori; USNM; D.J. Warner 10.
EWINGTON, HENRY England, c.1812, invented and patented a navigational charting device, made by Still, Old, and Co. of Bristol. Bath. Coffeen 55.
EYK, ISAAC VAN Holland, c.1821, MIM Amsterdam? Rooseboom 1.
EYN DE PUESS, FRANS VAN DEN Holland?, MIM Sundial = WHI. not listed by Bryden. Whipple 1; Bryden 16.
EYRE, R., AND R. RUST England, c.1785, NIM Azimuth Compass = NMM-Gabb Coll. Ye Minories, London. NMM 2; RSW.
EYRE, THOMAS England, fl.1723-25, MIM made hodometers. Kettering, Northamptonshire. Taylor 2(170).
EYRE, W. England, 1680-81, NIM Compass Plate, brass, 1680 = D.(1994). reverse side is a mirror image, including the signature with the date of 1681; this side could have been used to print compass cards. Coffeen 46.
EYSENBROEK see Isenbroek. RSW.
EZEKIEL England, c.1780, PHIM Barometer = D.; Stick Barometers = X(2), Christie 4/19/78, Winterton's, 7/13/94. probably Abraham Ezekiel or Cath and America Ezekiel. Exeter. Goodison 1; RSW.
EZEKIEL, ABRAHAM England, c.1791, PHIM made or sold barometers. Fore Street, Exeter. Goodison 1.
EZEKIEL, AMERICA England, see Cath and America Ezekiel. Goodison 1.
EZEKIEL, CATH AND AMERICA England, fl.1809-30, PHIM made or sold barometers? Fore Street (1809-30); 179 Fore Street (1828); both in Exeter. Goodison 1.
F. 1 may be "fecit".
F. 2 England, c.1790, NIM Hadley's Quadrants = PEA(2). F with a fouled anchor; Fage? Brewington 1.
F. ICW. 1613, MIM Regiomontanus-type Sundial on lid of box, 1613 = GHS. Archinard 1; RSW.
F.A. 1 Germany, 1728, MIM Table Sundial, 1728 = KLA-4464. Zinner 1.
F.A. 2 1765, MIM Zappeck-type Sundial, 1765 = LJU. for 46°. RSW.
F.A. 3 1766, MIM Altitude Sundial, 1766 = FIN-113. with a combined nocturnal and sundial. RSW.
F.A. 4 Denmark?, 1770, MIM Sundial, stone, 1770 = Den Gamle By, Aarhus. RSW.
F.A. 5 MIM Garden Sundial, marble = TIM. square. RSW.
F.A.B. see F.A.R. Bryden 16; RSW.
F.A.J.C.P.S.R.C. 1715, MIM Sundial, stone, 1715 = P. and S. 2/9/1897. RSW.
F.A.R. Germany, fl.1768-74, MIM Vertical Sundial, pin-gnomon, small, 1768 = GRA; Zappeck-type Sundial, 1774 = Koller 11/17/75. Zinner 1; Bryden 16; RSW.
F.AE.G. Austria?, MIM Ring Sundial = KRM. Rabenalt.
F.B. c.1900, Capuchin Sundial = ADL-T20. probably made by D.B. Sheahan. Tomlinson 1; ADL; RSW.
F.B.F. Germany, 1752, MIM Azimuth Sundial, 1752 = Landsberg a. Lech Heimatmuseum. "F.B. Fecit"? Zinner 1.
F.B.G. MIM Full Protractor = P.C. (1982). owner? two odd scales. RSW.
F.B.P. Germany, fl.1743-55, MIM Analemmatic Sundial, 1743 = CLU; Table Sundials, stone = TRA (1753), ADL-M279 (1755), Soth. 12/19/66. Michel thought he might be Franz Bovius Presbyter. Zinner 1; Engelmann 1; Michel 3; ADL; RSW.
F.C. 1701, MIM Table Sundial, 1701 = Phillips 2/3/68. "F.C. fecit, 1701". RSW.
F.C.R. Germany, OIM Nürnberg-type Microscope = NAC. Daumas 1.
F.D.I. Germany, 1774, MIM Universal Ring Sundial, 1774 = Huelsmann Coll. Syndram.
F.E.D. 1542, MIM Astrolabe, May, 1542 = P.C. Brieux 2.
F.E.D.P.F. Italy, 1568, MIM Instrumentum Primi Mobilis, 1568 = FLO. "Frater Egnatius Dantes Praedictatorum Faciebat." Bonelli 1; Michel 3; Italian Inv.
F.F.B. 1705, MIM Ring Sundial, 1705 = BUD. Zinner 1.
F.F.C.D.F. 1697, MIM Pillar Sundial, 1697 = Mercator Museum. Michel 3; RSW.
F.F.F. 1 1629, MIM Artillery Level, silvered brass, 1629 = OXF. Evans 1; Gunther 2 and 6; RSW.
F.F.F. 2 1774, MIM Astronomical Compendium, wood, bone, brass, 1774 = Koller 11/17/75 (Linton Coll.) = Libert et Castor 10/10/80. RSW.
F.G. 1 Holland, 1714, NIM Cross-staff, 1714 = AMST. might be owner. Mörzer Bruyns 2.
F.G. 2 England, c.1784, NIM Octant = NMM-S.127. may be F. Gabourg or F. Goater. Taylor 2(837); Clay and Court; NMM 2.
F.G.P. 1659, MIM Protractor, 1659 = Soth. 5/24/71. "Anno DNI 1659." RSW.
F.H. Germany?, c.1600, MIM Gunner's Scale = ADL-M122a. also marked "553" and "I W.W.B." with the first "W" over the recumbant "B"; see "I.W.W.B." Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
F.I. Germany, MIM Table Sundial, stone = Neuenberg-Schweiz, Museum. Zinner 1.
F.I.S. 1781, MIM Gauging Rod, 1781 = NYC. RSW.
F.I.V. Germany, 1698, MIM Table Sundial, stone, 1698 = FIN-115 = P.C. Zinner says 1766. Zinner 1; Weil.
F.J.F. 1775, MIM Horizontal Sundial, stone, 1775 = P. & S. 11/21/1894 = 2/28/1896. RSW.
F.J.K.S.J. Austria, 1729, MIM Table Clock, 1729 = Linz Stadt Gymnasium. Franz Jakob Knittl, Society of Jesus, which see. Linz. Zinner 1.
F.K. Germany?, 18th Century, MIM Ring Sundial = MADEX-211. RSW.
F.L. 1779, MIM Horizontal Sundial, 1779 = SLM. RSW.
F.M. England?, c.1750, OIM Refracting Telescope, three-draw = D. Brophy.
F.M.B. Germany, 17th Century, MIM Dialing Instrument = ADL-M323. the copper instrument is in the form of an anchor and is misdescribed by Engelmann as an Instrumentum Primi Mobilis. Zinner 1; Engelmann 1; ADL; RSW.
F.N. 1 France, c.1820, MIM Rule, gold = P.C. RSW.
F.N. 2 England, 19th Century, MIM Diptych Sundials, wood = GEP; AMST; P.C.(3). All the dials include American cities in the latitude tables. Mörzer Bruyns 1; RSW.
F.P. 1657, MIM Diptych Sundial, ivory, 1657 = Soth. 7/29/69. RSW.
F.P.B. 1 1743, MIM Astrolabe, 1743 = CLU. Cluny.
F.P.B. 2 MIM Diptych, wood = LID-M186. Zinner 1.
F.P.G.P. Germany, 1787, MIM Equatorial Sundial, 1787 = PRA. the F. is placed above the initals P.G.P.; the whole signature is surrounded by three decorative lozenges; a Penther-type sundial. Horsky and Skopova.
F.P.O.M. Germany, 1676, MIM Ring Sundial, 1676 = HAK. Zinner 1; RSW.
F.R. 1 Spain, 1585, MIM Dividers, one-handed, 1585 = P.C./owner. signed "F.R." with an anchor in between; marked with four dots and a circle, arranged with the circle at the top with three dots underneath and a single dot,in the middle, at the bottom. A.J. Turner 10.
F.R. 2 Germany, 1683, MIM Vertical Sundial, 1683 = OXF. Zinner says 1863. Zinner 1; Evans 1.
F.S. 1 Germany, c.1580, MIM Surveyor's Cross, in the form of an astrolabe = ADL-M43. the dorsum has the form of an astrolabe but the face has two sighting tubes forming a surveyor's cross; misdescribed by Engelmann as an astrolabe. Zinner 1; Engelmann 1; Gunther 1; Michel 3; ADL; RSW.
F.S. 2 Germany, 1762, MIM Bow Calipers, iron, 1762 = ADL-M80. marked "Jesus Maria Joseph." Michel 3; Engelmann 1; ADL; RS